M EMBER OF THE
VOL. XI, NO. 7. FOUR PAGES ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, TUESDAY, JULY 7, 1931 Weather: Partly cloudy, showers PRICE FIVE CENTS
FRANCE ACCEPTS TERMS OF MORATORIUM PLAN
Burke Captures National Open Title;
HOOVER ANNOUNCES AREEMENT
iii nniairnni r ni iii nnnnnrni
BEATS VON ELM
New Champion Takes
Berth Vacated by
TOTAL SCORE 148
Von Elm's Bad Putting
Gives Burke Easy
INVERNESS CLUB, Toledo,
Ohio, July 6. (A)-The greatest
of American golfing Marathons
lasting five days and z44 holes,
came to an end this evening on
the battle scarred links of Inver-
ness.with Billie Burke, the Polish-
American boy from Connecticut,
crowned as open champion of
America and occupant of the
throne vacated by Bobby Jones.
Just when it looked as though
Burke and his fighting rival,
George Von Elm, of Los Angeles,
intended to battle it out all week,
black-haired Billie rallied to win
by a single stroke with a final par
equalling round of 71, his best and
by far the most spectacular round.
Burke Scores 77, 71.
Burke finished the second 36-
hole playoff today with a score of
77, 71, total 148. Von Elm wound
up with a tally of 76, 73, total 149.
They had been tied at the end of
the regulation 72 holes of Champ-
ionship play at 292 each, two strokes
ahead of their nearest rival, Leo
Diegel. At the close of the first
36 hole play-off Sunday, they were
again deadlocked at 149 strokes
apiece, so that when they finished
the last hole today, they were only
one stroke apart in their record-
shattering duel, Burke with a
grand total of 589 strokes for 144'
holes, and Von Elm with 590.
Von Elm Fails to Rally.
Twice before, in this epic of
American Golf history, Von Elm,
blond 'fighter from the West had
pulled himself back from impend-
ing elimination by holing a long
putt on the eighteenth green of In-
verness for a birdie three.
There was no such climax, or
even an opportunity for it today,
for Burke had seized advantage of
Von Elm's woeful putting in the
afternoon to come up to the final
hole with two strokes margin.
Marshall to Speakz on
(Iconoclasm in History
"Some Iconoclastic Controversies
in American History" will be the
subject of an address by Professor
Thomas M. Marshall, head of the
department of history of Washing-
ton university, at 5 o'clock today
at the Natural Science auditorium.
Professor Marshall is the author of
several studies in American his-
tory, particularly in the westward
development of the trans-Mississ-
ippi expansion of the United States.
The lecture will discuss changed
conception of the causes of the
American revolution, the coloniza-
tion of America as an expansion
movement of Europe, the person-
ality of George Washington, and
conceptions fostered by historians
like George Bancroft.
Christian Gives First
Organ Recital Tonight
Palmer Christian, University or-
ganist, will present a recital at 8:15
o'clock tonight in Hill auditorium.
His program will include Marche
Religieuse, Guilmant; Andante
Cantabile, and Finale, Philip
James; Air Majestueux, Rameau;
Musette en Rondeau, Rameau; Toc-
cata per l'Elevazione, Frescobaldi;
Passacaglia and Fugue in C minor,
Bach; Evening, Lemare; Mood Fan-
tasy, Rowley; The Swan, Saint-Sa-
ens; Finale (Symphony 6), Widor.
This will be the first of a series
of recitals to be given during the
Summer Session. All of them will
she open to the public.
Open to Men Students
Waterman gymnasium, on the
campus, is open to all men stu-
dents desiring convenience for ex-
ercise and use of showers, Dr. G.
A. May, director, said yesterday.
The fee for lockers is 50 cents. A
towel fee of 50 cents is refunded at
the end of the session when the
last towel is returned. Tickets may,
be secured from the University
treasurer's office, Dr. May said.
The gymnasium will be open reg-
ularly from 7 o'clock in the morn-
ing to 6 o'clock at night. The clos-
ing hour on Saturdays will be 5:30
o'clock at night.'
Kraus Will Address
Dean Edward H. Kraus, of the
Summer Session, will address the
faculty and students of the School
of Education at 4 o'clock tomorrow
afternoon in the auditorium of the
University High school. The pro-
gram planned includes community
singing and short talks by the
presidenf.s of the men's and wo-
men's educational clubs as well as
by Dean James B. Edmonson, of the
School of Education.
League Plans Informal
Reception Friday Night
Members of the faculty and stu-
dents are invited to attend an in-
formal reception to be held Friday
night in the ballroom of the League
building. President Ruthven and
Mrs. Ruthven and administrative
officials of the University are ex-
pected to be present.
Dancing, bridge and tours of the
building will constitute the enter-
tainment. It will not be necessary
to bring an escort, it is announced.
Shirley Smith Leaves
for Eastern Vacation
Shirley W. Smith, vice president
and secretary of the University, and
Mrs. Smith, left Ann Arbor yes-
terday afternoon with Mr. and Mrs.
H. B. Earhart for Massachusetts.
They will spend their vacation there
at Oceanside hotel, Magnolia beach.
MEN, NOT WUMEN
EXCEL IN ARTS,
REPERiORYGRUP i ll r ni iri IE fIp rfrVuSAL;
TOPRESENTDOoN LAVAL HOPES FOR 'A NEW ERA'
A N' TOMODOW Continued German Payment of Unconditional
Share of Geniuses tov
FEWER WOMEN IDIOTS
Women Leaders in Literature,
Music, Sculpture, Painting
"One of the most striking facts
of human history has been that
throughout the ages those who have
excelled in various human pursuits,
particularly literature, painting,
sculpture, and music, have almost
without exception been men," said
Warren R. Good, of the education
school, yesterday, addressing an ed-
ucational conference on "Sex Dif-
ferences in Intelligence and
"Various psychologists have con-
cluded from the results of intelli-
gence tests that there are no sig-
nificant differences between men
and women in intelligence," Good.
pointed out. "However, these con-
clusions are based on averages.
Girls, 14, Brighter.
"Data from Terman and Burt, al-
so based on averages, indicate that
up to the age of about 14 years
girls are brighter than boys on the
average to the extent of being about
three months older mentally. This.
interesting fact might lead us to'
suspect that women are~ brighter'
than men generally, if it were not
for the fact that at the same time
girls are about six months older'
physiologically than boys, and there,
is some evidence that physiological'
development and mental develop-'
ment are closely related. It may be,
therefore, that when this factor is
taken into consideration boys are
brighter than girls. At any rate
such differences are small and are
in general statistically unreliable."
Men Vary Widely.
"Thorndike has offered the the-
ory that men vary more widely
from the average than do women;
and hence may be expected to oc-
cupy the places filled by both the
world's geniuses and the world's
most profound idiots. The statis-
tics on institutions for the feeble-'
minded bear out this theory in that;
they have more male than female'
patients, while the distribution of
geniuses seems to bear out the the-'
ory at the other end."
100 BOYS ATTEND
UNIVERSITY CAM P
Group Reaches Fresh Air. Camp
to Spend Second Two-
(Secial to Th Daiy)
PATTERSON LAKE, Mich., July 6.
-Two great trucks carried the last
of the boys from the University
Fresh Air Camp here to their homes
in Detroit, Dearborn, Hamtramck,
and Ann Arbor, Saturday morning.;
It was the end of the first section
of the season. This morning, the
trucks again appeared with another
hundred boys prepared to stay for;
the next two weeks.
A little work and plenty of play
made the first section very suc-
cessful in spite of thunder storms
and terrific heat. It is the policy
of the camp, inasmuch as the boys
who come to it do not pay their,
own way, to insist on some work
each day-dish-washing, cleaning
up the camp, repairing the road
and so on-in order that the boys
may feel that they are earning
their vacation. This occupies but
a small part of the day's program
but is important to the general
Play by Moliere, Under Stevens'
Direction, Will Be Given
Remainder of Week.
WELL KNOWN AS SATIRE
Play Written More Than 250
Years Ago; Author Once
Acted in It.
Moliere's "Don Juan," under the
direction of Thomas Wood Stevens,
will be presented tomorrow night at'
the Lydia Mendelssohn theatre as
the second production of the Re-
pertory Players. The presentation
will run the remainder of the week.
The version of "Don Juan" which
will be used is Stevens' own trans-
lation from the French. Stevens,
nationally known director, is noted
as the founder of the Carnegie
School of Drama and as the direc-
tor of the Goodman theatre in Chi-
cago for a number of years.
Moliere, who has been termed by
Brander Mathews "the greatest of
the comic dramatists," wrote the
play more than 250 years ago. The
tale of Don Juan Tenorio of Seville,,
debauchee, assassin, and infidel,
was one of the most lucrative
themes of the seventeenth century
strolling players. Moliere, then the
head of the leading company in
France, was asked to use the sub-
ject. The request resulted in a per-
formance of the version which he
wrote before the king. Moliere him-
self played the part of Sganarelle.
"Don Juan" is well-known as a
scathing satire of romance, senti-
mental chivahy, the nobility, mer-
cenary holiness and trade.
Annities Will Be Loaned Back to Her
Reparations to Be Suspended.
WASHINGTON, July 6. (IP)-America's plan to help the world
by helping Germany has been accepted at last by all the important
President Hoover finally announced the agreement in principle
today for a year's moratorium in intergovernmental payments result-
ing from the World war.
France acceded finally to the United States' contention as to
what major points had to be respected. Reminding reporters that
the terms are subject to the approval of the other international pow-
ers, the President said that under these, while certain payments are
to be made by Germany for "reparations account," the substance of
his proposal "is retained, as the sums so paid are immediately
reloaned to Germany."
Numbers 4,285 Monday Night;
Gains 300 Over Last Year;
Graduate School Leads.
Stronger Professional Groups
Needed to work Out More
"Educators of the country need
to build stronger and more aggres-
sive professional organizations so
that they may be able to work out
more efficient teaching programs
with less money," said Dean James
B. Edmonson of the School of Edu-
cation, speaking at Michigan un-
ion to the Men's Educational Club'
yesterday. "The protection of the
educational interests of the child
can be furthered by maintenance of
the ethical standards of profession-
al teachers," he said.
Good Will Needed.
"Besides teaching certificates, pro-
fessional organizations should sup-
port the entrance of teachers with
character, personality and high
standards of scholarship into the
teaching profession," he said.
"Teachers need to cultivate the
good-will of the public as those
who did not know how to deal with
adults had proved costly to the
The schools of the country are
facing a new type of attack from
unappreciative school boards, from
special interests with certain social
and economic viewpoints and from
opposers of tax reforms who want
even a greater burden to be car-
ried by local property owners, he
explained, and in the general de-
sire to cut down costs poorly train-
ed teachers were being employed
at lower salaries to eplace experi-
"In spite of the fact that the
market for teachers is glutted,
schools go on training teachers and
that in view of the decreased funds
now available for teaching," Dean
HOBBS TO CONDUCT
Summer Session Students Will
Leave on Special Car;
Cost to Be $25. .
A party of 25 or more Summer
Session students and their friends
will leave Ann Arbor Friday night
by a special car for a two-day visit
to Niagara falls and vicinity under
the direction of Prof. William H.
Hobbs, head of the geology depart-
The party will arrive at Niagara
falls Saturday morning. After an
inspection of the model falls at the
Schoelkopf plant of the Niagara
Falls Power company and a brief
talk on the manner in which the
gorge was cut, the excursionists will
take a special car over the Niagara
gorge route, stopping at each point
They will visit the International
bridge, the American side, Table
rock, the railway bridges, the Whirl-
pool, and Niagara glen, where a
stop will be made for a picnic lunch.
In the afternoon, Brock's monu-
ment on the brink of Lewiston es-
carpment, Lewiston, Whirlpool Ra-
pids station, and Niagara Falls
Power plant, the world's largest
power station, will be inspected.
The party will take a trip up to
the cataract on the steamer "Maid
of the Mist" Sunday morning. Rub-'
ber suits are provided on the boat
for protection from the heavy spray.
Following this trip, the excursion-
ists will go to Goat island, from
where they will descend in rubber
suits into the "Cave of the Winds,"
in the heavy spray of the American
falls, where one can look up at the
niche produced by the rock fall of
last winter. Sunday afternoon will
be left free for walks in the parks,
flights over the falls, and other spe-
Total expenditures for the trip
need not exceed $25, according to
Professor Hobbs. Reservations must
be made in the Summer Session
office, University hall, before 5 o'-
clock Thursday night, he said.
Carlson Plans Return
to Ann Arbor Aug. 15
William Carlson, head of the Un-
iversity's aerological station in
Greenland, will return to Ann Ar-
bor before the end of the summer,
according to a radiogram received
yesterday by Prof. William H.
Hobbs, of the geology department.
The message, sent from Motor-
ship Disko, was in a large part
technical, Professor Hobbs said, but
intimated that Carlson and Max
Demorest were well and expected
to reach here before August 15.
The radiogram came by way of
the station at Louisburg, N. S., Pro-
fessor Hobbs said. The Greenland
expedition was last heard from on
Details To Be Worked Out.
The agreement was one in prin-
ciple, with an understanding that
the details would be worked out by
financial and technical experts.
The settlement contemplates the
continued payment by Germany
during the moratorium year of her
unconditional annuities under the
Young Plan. These sums in turn
will be loaned to the German rail-
ways, which may loan them to the
Reich for budgetary uses.
nuities will be sus-
meanwhile, will not
be obligated to cov-
:z .. ."r., er the suspended
annuities by depos-
iting a guarantee
fund with the Bank
f o r International
.4 ' "War debt pay-
A> .ments will be sus-
pended. They will
HERBERr ooui be funded over a
period of years, as
will Germany's suspended pay-
The question whether Germany
will execute contracts for the pay-
ment of reparations in kind, the
last point of dispute, will be left to
a committee of experts.
PARIS, July 6. (A)-Following the
announcement of the agreement to-
night on President Hoover's mora-
torium proposal, Premier Laval is-
sued the following statement: "An
accord has been concluded. Presi-
dent Hoover has given his adhe-
sion to the text, the terms of which
were decided upon at a cabinet
"It is an adhesion which conse-
crates a heavy sacrifice for our
country. It will be understood that
the government will maintain that
Franco-American solidarity which
is a condition of international co-
operation more than ever necessary
"It will be observed that the gov-
ernment has not allowed France's
sacred rights to reparations to be
"If from the accord confidence is
born again in the world, our gesture
will not have been in vain. And
if in Germany the bearing and
sense of our generous attitude is
understood, a new era should open
for the two peoples."
Cleveland 13, Detroit 4
Chicago 5, St. Louis 2
Athletics 0, Washington 0 (7
Boston-New York (rain)
Registration in the Summer Ses-
sion last night reached 4,285, after
73 students had enrolled during the
day. This total is a gain of nearly
300 over last year, when 3,886 had
registered at a corresponding time,
according to Dean Edward H.
Kraus, of the Sumxer Session.
Unusual gains continued in the
Graduate school total, which hit
2,128 at the end of the day. The
literary college rose to 790, while
the engineering school closed with
Sixty students had registered in
the architectural school up to last
night. The Law school continued
with 161 and the Medical school
with 243. The pharmacy college had
a total of 25, and 7 were enrolled
in the dental school.
With additional students enroll-
ing for the four-week courses which
opened yesterday, the education
St. Louis 6, Chicago 5
Philadelphia 5, Brooklyn 3
New York-Boston (rain)
played at later date)