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August 08, 1931 - Image 1

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Michigan Daily, 1931-08-08

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VOL. XI. NO. 35.




WEATHER: Cloudy, Perhaps Show ers


Report Says Labor Immigration
Officials Use Oppressive,
Tyrannic Methods.
Mackintosh, Anderson Declare
Indictment Is Too Severe,
Lacking in Evidence.
WASHINGTON, Aug. 7.-(P)-
The use of practices in vogue dur-
ing the inquisition of the middle
ages was charged directly against
Department of Labor immigration
officials today by the Wickersham
In its tenth report to President
Hoover, the commission, discussing
deportation, asserted flatly that
"unconstitutional, tyrannic, a n d
oppresive methods" were employed
in the examination anually of about
100,000 supposed aliens. In ad-
dition, the report said that rigid
enforcement of rules in the actual
deportation of about 15,000 persons
annually too often wreaked hard-
ships that "violate the plainest dic-
tates of humanity."
See Controversy.
Forecast by commission members
as probably the most controversial
of their studies since that on pro-
hibition, the report drew heated
dissenting opinions from two com-
missioners, Col. Henry W. Ander-
son of Richmond, Virginia, and for-
mer Justices Kenneth Mackintosh
of the Washington state Supreme
,The two charged separately that
the commission's expert, Reuben
Oppenheimer, Baltimore lawyer,
who drafted all but seven pages of
the 179-page report, had too severe-
ly indicated labor department of-
Mackintosh Dissents.
"I do not believe," said Mackin-
tosh, "that these laws are being so
negligently or abusively adminis-
tered as their report seems to in-
dicate. To believe otherwise I
would require more clear, cogent,
and convincing evidence than has
been offered so far." Anderson said
in part:
"I am not prepared as a member
of this commission to adopt and
enunciate as my own, findings of
such a sweeping character affect-
ing the administration of the laws."
Follow Lead of Oklahoma With
Shutdown of Gushers in
East of State.
TYLER, Tex., Aug. 7.-(A1)-Okl'
homa's oil shutdown movement has
penetrated to the heart of the east
Texas oil fields and won the en-
dorsement of 37 of 60 operators in
the area.
The 37 operators voted at a meet-
ing here Thursday to shut down
voluntarily their wells and asked

that a mass meeting be held here
Aug 14, at which time the order
would be officially declared.
East Texas operators offering oil
to Oklahoma refiners while Na-
tional Guardsmen patroled that
state's producing areas were de-
nounced. They were charged with
"nullifying the efforts" of Gov. W.
H. Murray, who is seeking, by mar-
tial law, to increase the prices for
crude from a top of 50 cents to a
minimum of $1.
"It is regrettable indeed that the
same fine character of leadership
and courage has not been shown in
Texas," the resolution said. A copy
went to the Oklahoma chief exe-
cutive's office.
At Austin Gov. Ross S. Sterling,
commenting on a statement by Act-
ing Secretary Dixon of the depart-
ment of the interior that east Tex-
as was responsible for the oil in-
dustry's condition, said "blaming
act. Ta4- I1v',ra-is ,i4 vy na

Welcomes Germans

Benito Mussolini,
Premier of Italy, who greeted,
Chancellor Bruening and Foreign
Minister Curtius, of Germany, to-
day and opened a conference with
them of present European prob-
lems. Groundwork for a new Italo-
German friendship is seen as a re-
sult of the parley.

Outlines Work of Conference
Child Health; Six Experts
to Lecture Today.


"A thirty volume report cover-
ing the analysis of conditions and
recommendations by The Ameri-
can Child Health and Protection
committee which held the White
House Conference last year will
soon be published," Dr. F. J. Kelly
of Idaho and now Chairman of
Section III of the White House Con-,
ference on American Child Health
and Protection said in an address
to the Public Health Institute yes-
Theywork of the committee has
been divided into four sections, Dr.
Kely explained, and there are 62
sub committees comprising more
than 1,000 persons.
The sectiononsmedical service
is to find criteria for a normal
healthy child and survey the treat-
ment of child diseases, he said.
Another section is to determine the
preventive measures for children's
diseases and control of communi-
cable diseases in children. The
third section on education and
training of children is to investi-
gate the home and parent educa-
tion in relation to children's health,
recreation, vocational guidance, and
to investigate agencies such as
radio, the church, movies, and girl
scouts. The fourth section is to de-
vote its report to handicapped
Public Health Institute will be
addressed by six outstanding Pub-
lic health authorities today at the
West Medical building.
"Beggar on Horseback," satirical
comedy by Kaufman and Connelly
will close its run at the Lydia Men-
delssohn theatre tonight.
Sophomore in Education Downs
Six Skilled Swimmers With
21 Point Score.
Six of the most skilled swimmers
among the women on campus went
down before Jean Berridge, '33Ed.,
who won first place, with 21 points
to her credit, in the open swim-
ming meet which was held yester-
day in the Union pool under the
direction of Miss Ruth Campbell.
Miss Berridge came in first in
three events; the 25 yard dash, the
sculling race, and the back crawl;
and tied with Mary Kary for first
place in diving.
The others placing in the 25 yard
dash were; Charlotte Moss, second;
Miss Kary, third; and Mary Ren-
shaw, fourth. In the sculling race,
Miss Moss was again second with
Miss Kary again placing third. In

Italian, German Ministers Deal
Frankly With Europe's Sore
Spots at First Parley.
Mussolini Expresses Sympathy
for German Nation in Its
Present Plight.
ROME, Aug. 7.--(P)-Premier
Mussolini and Chancellor Bruening
laid the groundwork today for a
new friendship between Italy and
Germany. The Italian premier
and chief of fascisti and the Ger-
man chancellor, whose political life
is threatened by Hitlerite fascists
at home, dealt frankly with the
European sore spots in their first
Tonight they toasted each other
at a dinner given by Signor Mus-
solini to Herr Bruening and Foreign
Minister Curtius, using words that,
for all their generality of tone,1
promised sincere efforts to push or
pull Europe out of the slough of
In his dinner speech the Duce
paid tribute to German culture and
expressed deep sympathy with the
Reich in its present plight. He
paid tribute to the Hoover war debt
plan as an aid in healing the moral
and material wounds left by the
ROME, Aug. 7.- ()-Premier
Mussolini emphasized the impor-
tance of the Italo-German conver-
sations by going to the station to-j
day to welcome in person Chancel-,
lor Bruening and Foreign Minister
Mussolini never appeared in bet-t
ter form than when he strode or
(Continued on Page 4) 1
Reed Says Federals
Operate Speakeasies1
WASHINGTON, Aug. 7.-(P)-The
federal government has been charg-
ed by former Senator Reed of
Missouri with setting up speakeas-
ies to entrap policemen and vio-
lators and thereby itself becoming
"a bootlegger."
The Missourian also charged the
government with instructing fed-
eral dry agents to co-operate with
state officials in making raids on
warrants that would be illegal un-
der federal law and with an "in-
defensible $20,000,000 subsidy to
California grape growers and grape-
concentrate manufacturers."
The loan to the grape interests,!
Reed said, was made with the "full
knowledge that the grapes and
grape-concentrates are being man-
ufactured into 12 to 20 per cent
wines and champagnes in the

Informer Reveals Gunmen Who
Killed Child Are Coll
Gang Members.
Detectives Commence Hunt for
Killers; Gang Leader Not
Seen Recently.
NEW YORK, Aug. 7.-(P)-The
Harlem baby killers were identified
to police today as henchmen of Vin-
cent Coll, gangster rival of Arthur
(Dutch Schultz) Fleigenheimer, in-
tent on hunting renegade members
of the Coll mob.
A man arrested last night on an-
other charge told detectives that
he was a witness to the recent
shooting of five children, one of
whom died, on a crowded street in
"Little Italy." The informer's name
was withheld.
He gave the license number of
the car in which the gangsters rode
through East 107th street to spray,
half a hundred bullets among the
children playing before the tene-
ments. He said the four occupants
of the car were members of the
Coll mob gunning for Joie Rao, who
had left the Coll ranks with "One
Eye" Rock and others to form a
new gang and so split the under-
world faction arrayed against
Dutch Schultz.
Fourth Unnamed.
Police were told one of the four
was "Trigger Frank" Coppola, an-
other a "fellow named Grecco," and
a third man known only to the in-
former as "Louis". The witnessc
said he didnlt know the fourthl
man'shname but was acquaintedh
with him and knew him to be, like
the others, one of Coll's men. t
Coll has not been seen around
his usual haunts of late and de-
tectives furnished with the latest]
information started out tonight to
find him and his gang.
Prof. David Mattern to Conduct'
University Organization
in Open Recital.
Prof. David Mattern will lead the
Summer Session Orchestra of the
School of Music in a complimentary
program at 4:15 o'clock tomorrow
afternoon in Hill Auditorium, it was
announced yesterday.
Professor Mattern is noted as an
orchestral director, both for his
work as head of the School of
Music symphony orchestra during
the school year and as conductor
of the well-known Kalamazoo sym-
phony orchestra.

Japan Probes Case
of World Crlers
TOKIO, Aug. 7.-(P)-Inter-
national complications arose to-
day over the landing here of
Clyde Pangborn and Hugh Hern-
don, Jr., American airmen, and
a flight of three United States
Naval aviators over Japanese
The problem created by the
landing of Pangborn and Hern-
don without a permit and the
subsequent discovery of a cam-
era in their airplane was discuss-
ed by officials by officials of the
home, foreign navy, war and
communications departments of
the Japanese government.
It was reported some officials
favored leniency toward the
American airmen, while others
expressed the belief some form
of punishment should be admin-
istered in view of a recent in-
cident involving three United
States Navy fliers from the fleet
off Chefoo.
Darien newspapersasserted
that three American Navy air-
men flew over the Kwangtung
fortifications and took photo-
graphs. The newspapers stated
the American admiral explained
to the Japanese consul at Tsin-
tau that the fliers, who had been
cruising, had become lost.
New National Assembly to View
Constitutional Measure
Expelling Monks.
MADRID, Aug. 7.-(P)-A mea-
sure incorporating into the new
constitution an article expelling re-
ligious orders from Spain and con-j
fiscating their wealth will be pre-
sented to the national assembly by
the parliamentary commission.
The proposal would be embodied
in article 14 dealing with the re-
lations of church and state and
would abolish the official religion
as well as terminate subventions
for confessional institutions.
The country has 50 Catholic or-
ders, with a membership of 45,000
monks and nuns. The church
proper, plus its various orders, owns'
5,000 pieces of property officially
valued at 75,000,000 pesetas (about
$6,000,000). This figure excludes
art treasures which intangibly are
worth many millions of pesetas.
When news of the commission's
decision was learned Thursday
night great excitement resulted. A
group of Communists which tried
to parade through the downtown
streets was charged by police and
three were wounded. Their lead-
ers were calling for a red revolu-
Catholic circles, informed of the
menace to their religion, inaugur-
ated action which was considered
likely to have the most tremendous
repercussion since the anti-religious
disorders in May. They are be-
lieved to be awaiting the leader-
=' ? of Cardinal Vidal y Barraquer
of Tarragona, ranking ecclesiast
during the enforced absence of Car-
dinal Segura y Saenz.
Fo-estry Head Sees

Idaho Conflagration
SPOKANE, Wash., Aug. 7.-(IP)-
M aj. R. Y. Stewart of Washington,
D. C., chief United States forester,
was at the scene of the Priest river
valley fire in north Idaho today
to study the "hot spot" of the blaz-
ing northwest forests.
Foresters reported 1,300 of the
3,000 fire fighters at work were
battling the Priest river conflagra-
tion as it roared toward a federal
experiment station. Winds kept
conditions critical.
National League
Philadelphia 13, New York 5.
Boston 3, Brooklyn 2.
Pittsburgh 9, Cincinnati 3.
St. Louis 8, Chicago 0.
American League
Chicago 2, St. Louis 0.

Scotch Station Picks
Up Message From
Lindberghs Delayed at
Aklavik by Heavy
Fog Banks.
LONDON, Aug. 7.-(P)-Par-
ker Cramer, American airman,
who has spent the last week
studying airlines over the north-
ern route from Canada, was re-
ported tonight to have made a
forced landing somewhere be-
tween Iceland and the Faroe is-
A message to Lloyd's from
Wick, Scotland, said that a
plane giving the radio call letters
KHVCX had been forced down
by engine trouble and had asked
for exact bearings an dassistance.
The airship in which Cramer
has been making a leisurely in-
vest.igation of the possibilities of
radio with the call letters
a northern air route carried a
6:46 p.m. G. M. T. (2:46 p.m.
The Lloyd's message came from
Thorshaven, Faroe islands, at
Ann Arbor time).
With his assistant, Oliver Pac-
quette, Cramer had taken off
from Reykjavik, Iceland, early
in the afternoon, for the Faroe
islands. As relayed to Lloyd's,
the message read:
"The airmen en route from
Reykjavik were forced down ow-
ing to engine trouble and asked
for exact bearings. Could you
assist please?"
At 8:o5 p.m. (3:05 p.m. Ann
Arbor time)sanother message
from Wick said, "Name of air-
craft unknown. Bound for Thor-
shaven from Reykjavick. Un-
able to raise aircraft since 7:54
Both the exchange telegraph
agency and Reuter's received dis-
patches from Copenhagen saying
that Cramer was down between
Iceland and the Faroe islands but
hoped to be able to reascend and
When he took off from Reyk-
javick, Cramer carried gasoline
(Continued on Page 4)
More Than 100 Enroll for Tour
of State Penitentiary
This Morning.
More than 100 students will visit
the Michigan State prison, at Jack-
son, today on the last excursion

of the Summer Session. The party
will leave at 7:45 o'clock this morn-
ing in front of Angell hall and will
return shortly after 12 o'clock.
The prison, for the most part,
was completed last January at a
cost of $8,000,000. It includes an
area of 57 acres within walls, and
will have, when finished, a total of
15 cell blocks with a housing ca-
pacity of 5,500.
The excursion party will be con-
ducted through the cell blocks by
Capt M. S. Hatch, of the prison
staff. A visit will also be made
to the prison textile factory. Fol-
lowing their tour of the prison, the
students will go to the new chapel,
where Captain Hatch will discuss
prison statistics and answer ques-
tions concerning the organization.
Among the buildings to be visited
are the auditorium, the cafeteria,
the kitchens and bakery, and the
Service building, which contains
a 200-bed hospital, the school nd


By Edgar
Grape bricks, which manufactur-
ers are careful to warn purchasers
will turn to wine unless consumed
in three weeks, have not as yet
made their appearance in Ann Ar-
Local beverage dealers reported
to the Daily that they had not had
any calls for the popular bricks'
which have sold in New York so
rapidly that the police reserves had
to be called out to maintain order
at stores where clerks hand them
out to the throngs, tired out with
depressions and heat waves to say
nothing of prohibition. Each cus-
tomer is carefully warned that he
will be violating the law if he per-
mits the bricks to remain idle for
three weeks.
While New York thumbs its nose
at Bishop Cannon and Superin-
tendent McBride, California cheers
loudly as it sees the end of its sur-
plus grape crop. The grape bricks
contain nothing more than the juice
of grapes, which is not contrary to

H. Eckert
in California have banded together
to manufacturer the grapes into
convenient sized bricks which can
be easily stored away until use is
found for them by the consumers.
Meanwhile nature finishes the job,
and the 18th amendment becomes
a thing of paper only.
Dry forces throughout the coun-
try have raised loud protests to the
product, but so far their efforts
have been of no avail. The pro-
hibition forces are particularly con-
cerned about the sale of them in
college towns. However there seems
to be no cause for anxiety in Ann
Arbor for Mr. Holsaple, of the Mich-
igan Anti-Saloon League.
Beverage dealers said not only
that they did not have any of the
bricks in town, but that they did
not expect to stock any of the
liquid refreshment. No reasons
were assigned for the lack of in-
terest on the part of the business
men in the thing which has solved
California's economic problem and

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