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June 08, 1930 - Image 1

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Michigan Daily, 1930-06-08

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THE WEATHER
Fair and Warmer

MEMBER OF THE

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ASSOCIATED
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. X. NO. 7 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, TUESDAY, JULY 8, 1930 PRICE FIVE CENTS

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TRAFIC PROBLEMS
NDANGER CITIES
STATES LECTURER
Suburbs Guard Corporate Life
With Jealous Concern, Says
Professor Reed.
ADD TO CITY PROBLEMS
General Crime Ratio Declining;
Sensational Crimes HigherI
in Last 20 Years.
"Automobile and the paved high-
way have done much to effect the
relation of man to man and to
bring into city administration the
most modern of its problem, that
of cosmopolitanism," said Professor
Thomas H. Reed, of the Political
Science department, ina lecture at
5 o'clock Monday at the Natural
Science auditorium. "These new
p r o b I e m s," continued Professor
Reed, "demand all the courage, in-
sight and foresight that can be1
brought to bear upon them. Mu-
nicipalities surrounding large cities
have become the refuge places for
those who prey upon the popula-
tion, and local communities prefer
to remain independent, thus vitiat-
ing the powers of the city admin-
istrations to cope with the prob-
lems of common concern."
Autos Made Cities Grow
Discussing how the introduction
of gunpowder had removed the
limits of walls, and moats from the
medieval city and the steam rail-
roads had enlarged the growth of
the cities when the natural hanker-
ing of the northern European for a
tree, a few chickens and a little
open country home produced bed-
room communities outside of large
cities where one could cut grass,
drive away the mosquitoes and
catch a few moments of sleep be-
fore dashing for the 7:45 special,,
Professor Reed said, "that the prob-
lem for providing for a unified
control of matters of common con-
cern was met by the annexing ofi
newer communities. With the com-
ing of the automobile and the1
paved highway the areas to which
one could travel for a suburban
home soon grew too large and the
rate of growth exceeded the rate
of annexation. Around every large1
city and often within its boundar-;
les there grew up many embattled
municipalities objecting to any an-
nexation and proud and jealous of
their corporate existence.
Cities and Their Mayors
"The general movement to the
cities, because of the growing effi-
ciency on the farm and the de-
mand for labor in the cities, which
has made our day the age of the
large city, filled the cities and the
cities overflowed back into the
country. This growth of cities," con-
tinued Professor Reed, "has brought
the problems which have infested
the course of democracy since its
inception. So much so that popular
election became subjected to graft
and the corruption of the elector-
ate and where the officials count
the votes only they desire to count.
An honest election," said Professor
Reed, "in manymunicipalities L
a question of grave doubt, and the
mayors of many cities buffoon,
clown and demogogue their way in-.
to the hearts of their cities."

"In spite of the lack of municipal
home rule and the distrust of the
rural communities of the u r b a n
population, who still believe in the
poetic but fanciful dictum that God
made the country and man made
the town, there has been great and
general advancement since Vis-
count Bryce wrote of the city ad-
ministrations as 'America's o n e
conspicuous failure.' Many of the
city departments are nowJin charge
of experts, especially schooled, pub-
lic health and police are adminis-
tered in a thorough going and in-
telligent manner. Our cities show
a declining crime ratio for the last
twenty years, although sensation-
al crime resulting in murder is on
the increase.
"The distrust of the rural com-
munities of their city\ cousins has
often resulted in unequal repre-
sentation in state legislatures, ac-
cordinr to Professor Reed ,citing:

PAIRS WITH VAN RYN IN DOUBLES
jTO WIN WIMBLEDON CHAMPIONSHIPj

t

ENROLLMENT NEAR
FOUR THOUSAND AS
FIRST WEEK ENDS

Final
to

Registration Expected
Pass Above 4000 Mark,

I

Says Dean Kraus.
GAINS OVER LAST YEAR
Five Schools Show Large Gains,
Graduate School Has Largest
Summer Attendance.
Dean Edward H. Kraus of the
Summer Session yesterday an-
nounced that the present enroll-
ment for the term totals 3980. This
figure includes all registrations
made before 4 o'clock in the after-
noon, and shows a gain of 325 over
the corresponding time of last sum-
mer.
Health Institutes Not Counted
The present totals for the ten
schools of the Summer Session are:]
graduate school, 1681; literary col- -
lege, 895; education school, 417; en-
gineering and architectural school,
334; medical school, 259; law school,
159; music school (in its first Sum-
mer Session as a branch of the
University), 104; pharmacy school,
forestry school, 25; and the busi-
ness administration school, 21.
The total of 3980 does not include
the registration for the Health In-
stitutes, which will be held over the
week-ends. All other enrollments
so far made in the Summer Session
have been counted in it. The Sum-
mer Session offices yesterday re-
ceived a report of 94 registrations
from the Biological Station at Lake
Douglas. Of these students 65 are
classified under the g r a d u a t e
school, 28 under the literary school

FOREIGN SCRIBES
WILLVISIT HERE
European Newspapermen to See
University Wednesday.
Twenty-five prominent Euro-
pean journalists will visit the Uni-
v e r s i t y Wednesday afternoon,
touring the United States under
the auspices of the Carnegie En-
dowment for International Peace.
Since their coming to the coun-
try, they have been accompanied1
by representatives of the Depart-
ment of State. They have visited
several of the cultural centers of
the nation, it being their purpose
to achieve an unbiased viewofthe
American civilization. The group
is a present in DetroKit Their
host for the three days in which
they will be there is Charles B
Warren, Detroit attorney.
The journalists plan to leave De-
troit Wednesday morning and ar-
rive in Ann Arborat noon.rIt is
expected that they will remain
here until late in the afternoon.
According to Dr. Frank E. Rob-
bins, assistant to the President,
plans for the entertainment of the
visitors have not yet been definite-
ly decided upon. It is believed that
they will visit a number of campus
buildings, especially William L.
Clements Library of American His-
tory, and the General library.
They will also probably be con-
ducted on a short tour of the city.
FIRST OF RECITALS,
Professors Mabel Rhead, Hanns
Pick to Feature School
of Music Program.
ADMISSION WILL BE FREE

I

SPECIAL SESSION
OF, SENATE OPENED
FOR NAVAL TREATY
Senator McKellar Demands All
Documents; Senator Johnson
Supports Demand.
HOOVER SENDS MESSAGE
Treaty Itself Comprises Sole
Obligation of Nation, Says
President Hoover.
(By Associated Press)
WASHINGTON, July 7.- Presi-
dent Hoover opened the special
session of the Senate for consider-
ation of the London Naval treaty
today with a 2400 word message
calling for its ratification as "an
important step in disarmament
and world peace."
Hardly had the presidential mes-
sage -been read to the 58 senators
who answered the first roll call
when Sen. McKellar, Dem. Tenn.,
offered a resolution requesting the
documents relating to the London
conference which President Hoo-
ver had refused -to turn over to the
Senate foreign relations commit-
tee.
Sen. Reed, Rep., Pa., a member
of the American delegation, re-
plied the documents were in the
possession of members of the del-
egation and he offered them in
confidence to any senator who
wished to see them. He. said, "The
senator who accepts my suggestion
wil Ireadily see (the reason why
the correspondence is not to be
made public."
Reed Offer- Scorned
However, Sen . Johnson, Rep.,
Cal., who, with McKellar, is one of
the chief opponents of the pact,
scorned the Reed offer and de-
manded the papers "for the Uni-
ted States senate and for every
member of it and for my govern-
ment here."
McKellar will call up his reso-
lution tomorrow after Sen. Swan-
son, Dem., Va., has delivered the
opening address in behalf of the
pact. There was doubt tonight

Wilmer Allison,
Blond whirlwind from Austin, Texas, added to the fame he achieved
by defeating Henri Cochet, when he paired with John Van Ryn to
win the doubles crown at Wimbledon yesterday from George Lott and
John Doeg in straight sets, 6-3, 6-3, 6-2.

VAN RYNIALLISON'
WIN TENNIS CROWN,
Defeat Lot, Doeg in Straight
Sets to Acquire Wimbledon
Doubles Championship.
AMERICA HAS 5 TITLES
(By Associated Press)
Wimbledon, July 7.-The thriving
young tennis partnership, Wilmer
Allison, of Austin, Texas, and John
Van Ryn, East Orange, N. J., reaped
additional laurels today, defeating
George Lott, of Chicago, and John
Doeg, Santa Monica, in straight'
sets 6-3, 6-3, 6-2, to retain the Wim-
bledon doubles championship.
By their unexpected one-sidedj
victory, Allison and Van Ryn once
more proclaimed themselves t h ef
foremost doubles combination in
the world and added the final to
an unprecedented American sweept
of British titles and brought to a I
close a tournament which is jocu-
larly referred to here as Wimble-
don's 1930 American championship.
Despite the toughest sort of com-I
petition assembled from all overl
the world, the well-balanced com-
bination from the United States!
made tennis history as four of the
five events wound up in All-Ameri-
can finals.
Bill Tilden beat Allison, and Mrs.'
Moody defeated Miss Elizabeth Ry-
an for the singles crown.
In the women's doubles, Mrs.
Moody and Miss Ryan overcame
their young compatriot, Miss Sarah
Palfrey, and Miss Edith Cross and
today Van Ryn and Allison easily
mastered their fellow Americans
Pro fessional Ethics
Discussed by Edmonson
In his discussion, "Some Ques-
tions of Professional Ethics," de-
livered before the Women's Educa-
tion Club last night, James B. Ed-f
monson, dean of the School of Ed-
ucation, said that teachers should
seek to convince the public that
higher salaries for competent peo-
ple are not only needed but justifi-
able, and that in such cases iti
would be ethical to enter a combi-I

COURTIS DEFINES
AIM OF TEACHER
AS PERSONAL AID

Says

Educators Must Nurture
Individual Plans.

Prof. Stuart A. Courtis of the
School of Education made the first.
address on the series of Afternoon
Conferences in the University high,
school auditorium yesterday. His
subject was "Desirable Changes in'
Teaching Procedure".
"Today the progressive view of
education holds that the educa-
tional process is best conceived as
the nurture of personalities," he
stated. "The teacher's work is
either stimulating worthy purposes
in children, or assisting them to
achieve their purposes."
"Under the new method," he,
said, "the problems would have to
be visioned and the lessons set by
the children, the solutions and
plans wouldbe worked out by the
children on their own initiative.
The children would also direct the
execution of the plane, appraise
their success, and make their own
generalizations."
"Such a method of teaching," he
continued, "calls for profound mod-
ification of existing practices. For
one thing, in every subject and in
every grade the teacher's course of
study would consist of these items;
namely, to develop in her pupils(1)
Vision, or the ability to see and
formulate the vital problems in any
situation. (2.) Self-direction, or the
ability to plan and direct the exe-
cution of plans. (3.) Self-appraisal,
or the ability to recognize defects,
to modify plans as necessary, to
,judge the degree of success achiev-
ed. (4.) Self-control, or the abilityj
Ito co-ordinate the emotional ele-
ments of experience to make them
i contribute to success and happi-
ness. (5.) Co-operation, or the abil-
ity to work with others in the solu-
tion of common problems."
"Personalities mature education-
ally," Courtis said, "only as they
make self-directed choices in terms
of known consequences."
j B
i ajor Bryan R. Cooper,

1'

and one under the School of Edu- Two artists from the music school'
cation. Forty-two students h a v e
registered at the geology and ge- faculty will be featured in the pro-
ography f ield station at Mills gram to be given at 8:15 o'clock
Springs, Kentucky, according to re- tonight in Hill auditorium. This is
ports from its director, Prof. George the first of a series of Tuesday eve-
M. Ehlers. ning recitals which will be given
Five Schools Show Gains during the Summer Session under
The schools which showed an in- the auspices of the School of Music
crease over their enrollment for the in association with the general en-I
corresponding time last year were
the graduate school, the literary I tertainment series of lectures andI
college, the College of Engineering other features provided by the gen-
and Architecture, the law school eral Summer Session of the Uni-
and the School of Business Admin- versity. An invitation has been ex-
istration. The School of M u s i c, tended to the public, excepting
counted for the first time, helped small children, to attend.
to raise the total. The other four Those participating in tonight's
schools lost slightly. program are Mabel Ross Rhead, as-
Dean Kraus yesterday stated that sistant professor of piano, a n d
enrollment throughout the rest of Hanns Pick, professor of violincello.
the week would probably lift the Mrs. Rhead is a pianist of wide
total above the 4000 mark. recognition. She has appeared many
During the past week, considera- times throughout the middle west
ble gain has been shown by nearly in recitals and as soloist with lead-
all schools. Last Tuesday the grad- ing orchestras, and has had large
uate school had a registration of experience in concert work gen-
1362. Three hundred and nineteen erally.
have been added since then. The Professor Pick is one of the coun-
literary college has gained 117 since try's prominent violincello virtuosi.
then; the School of Education, 33; Before joining the faculty of the
and the music school, 30. Other School of Music, he was solo 'cellist
schools also gained slightly. of the Philadelphia Symphony or-
Even when the Public Health In- chestra. He has given many con-
stitutes are not counted, a new rec- certs both in America and in Eu-
ord for the session will probably be rope, and has had a highly diversi-
established.fled musical career.
SPANISH READ AMERICAN WRITINGS
WITH INTEREST, STATES COSTELLO

over the outcome of a vote
resolution and what effect
option would have.

on the
its ad-

In his message to the Senate,
President Hoover touched on this
subject. He said "Every solitary
pact which affects judgment up-
on the treaty is known and the
documentritself comprises the sole
obligation of the United States."
Dawes' Language Picturesque.
Sen. Reed saidi the documents
related to cablegrams exchanged
between Ambassador Dawes and
the State department prior to the
London Conference. There have
been intimations that the pictur-
esque language employed by Amer-
ica's outspoken Ambasador in Lon-
don forbids their publication.
Whatever the results, the Mc-
Kellar resolution promises to give
the opposition a talking point and
delay is in their favor. There are
serious doubts in the minds of sen-
ate leaders that the 58 members
who answered the opening roll call
today can be kept t4ere for a leng-
thy debate on the treaty.
Conan Doyle, Famous
Novelist,_Dies at 71
(By Associated Press)
CROWBOROUGH, Susse, Eng.,
July 7.- Sir Arthur Conan Doyle,
novelist, historian, physician, trav-
eler, and spiritualist, died at his
residence "Windlesham" today of
heart disease at the age of 71. Lady
Doyle, two sons and one daughter
were at his bedside when death
came.
Though the famous creator of
Sherlock Holmes largely surren-
dered his other interests during the
later years of his life to his champ-
ionship of spiritualism, thereby an-
tagonizing former friends, it was
his long career as an author that
the great majority of Englishmen
recall today.
Above all, England remembered
the series of Sherlock Holmes stor-
ies where he portrayed with ex-
traordinary vividness not only the
greatest detective in fiction, but al-

nation to force increases in salary. Irish Statesman, Dies
"Teachers must develop a scheme 1_
to bring professional pressure on (By Associated Press)
those teachers' agencies, school DUBLIN, Irish Free State, July
boards and citizens who do not -
have high standards in dealing . r'C
with teachers," he said. "Teachers widely-known Irish statesman and
should have more effective organ- soldier, died here today at the age
izations dealing co-operatively with of 46.
other working organizations." Major Cooper was conspicuous
Following Dean Edmonson's talk the Dail, in 1919 he succeeded Bar-
several questions dealing with pro- the dail, in 1919 he succeeded Bar-
fessional ethics were discussed,and on Decies as Irish press censor.
summaries based on the 1928 report He attracted attention three
of the Committee on Ethics of the years ago when he publicly threat-
Profession of the N . A. w e r n t hn t o wn. hord if hi.a if

"Present-day Spanish Literature!
reflects the impetuousness of the
Spanish youth," stated Prof. Carlos
Castello, of the Spanish depart-
ment. Professor Castello comes1
from the University of Chicago and
will teach Spanish here during the
summer session.
"The modernistic movement in
American Literature is closely par-
alleled in Spanish Literature, "he
said. "American books are read with
great interest in Spain. Such is
the interest of Spanish people in
American literature that frequent-
ly books which are barred to the
American public are translated in-
to Spanish. Much of the Spanish
Literature that is read in this coun-
try has been translated from rath-
er mediocre authors and does not
represent the true Spanish Litera-
ture.
"Miguel De Unamuno is at pres-
an +ha rn. nhrh iiannham. n.A vn.rh+

progress but retain at the same
time its individuality. Mr. Una-
muno does not believe that a novel
has to be a complete unit. It may
begin and end at any place, for life
itself, he believes, does not beginI
or end at any one point. This phil-
osopher is enthusiastically followed
by the youth of Spain in his de-
mands for a democratic govern-
ment. A book 'by this author has
been translated into English and
may be found in our library.
"Several Spanish dramas have
had successful runs on the New
Y o r k stage," Professor Castello'
continued. Among the most noted
are: "The Kingdom of God," "The
Cradle Song," by Martinez Sirra,
and "The Passion Flower" by Ben-
avente.
"The most popular novelist of
Spain at present is Pio Baroj a," he
said. This man's work includes thir-
ty volumes. The structure of the

GnA.nich nnupl is similar fn +ho+ r f a c«rr flan rrf in}aa"

0

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