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August 06, 1924 - Image 2

Resource type:
Michigan Daily, 1924-08-06

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Published every morning except Monday
during the summer session.
Member of the Associated Pres. The As-
sociated Press is exclusively entitled to the
-se for republication of all news dispatches
credited to it or not otherwise credited in
this paper and the local news published here-
Entered at the postoffice, Ann Arbor,
Michigan, as second class matter.
Subscription by carrier or mail, $t.5o.
Offices: Ann Arbor Press Building.
,Communications, uif signed as evidence of
godfaithi, will be published in The Summer
Daily at the discretion of the Editor. Un-
signed communications will receive no con-
sideration. The signature may be omitted in
publication if desired by the writer. The
Summer Daily does not necessarily endorse
the sentiments expressed in the communica-
Telephones 2414 and 176-M
NewsEditor..........Robert S. Mansfield
Chairman of the Editorial Board..
........Andrew E. ropper
City Editor................Verena Moran
Night Editor..........redericK. Sparrow
Telegraph Editor........ .Leslie S. Bennetts
Womens' Editor............Gwendolyn Dew
Louise Barley WenleyRB. Krouser
Rosalea Spaulding Marian Kolb
Marion aker J Albert Laansma
Dwight Coursey Marion Meyer
Marthat Chase Mary' Margaret Miller
Wray A. Donaldson Matilda Rosenfeld
Geneva Ewing Dorothy Wall
Maryland E. Hartloff
Telephone g6o
Advertising Manager.......Hiel M. Rockwell
Copywriting Manager......Noble D. Travis
Circulation- Manager......Lauren C. Haight
Publication Manager...... .C. Wells Christie
Account Manager...........Byron Parker
Florence E. Morse Florence McComb
Charles L. Lewis Maryellen Brown
Night Editor-J. A. LAANSMA
Prior to the year 1914, there an-
cient and powerful dynasties had
much to do with the happenings of
events in Europe. But enter the war,
and exit Hapsburg, exit Hohenzoll-
ern, and exit Romanoff. "Sic transit
gloria mundi." Of all the majesty of
medieval European thrones, but two
remain: A Guelph sits upon the roy-
al throne of " Merrie England," a
German, by ancestry; the ancient
house of Spain has long ago disap-
peared, as Don, Alfonso, the 15th of
that name, is of a much newer dy-
Does this mean that the world is on
the way to universal democracy?
Hardly. At the crest of every great
movement, the feeling runs high that
this will do away, once and for all,
with the system for which the move-
ment was agitated. Is the world any
nearer democracy than in 1914? Not
in the least! Mussolini^ rules Italy
with as firm a hand as ever did a
Caesar, Rivera guides the destines of
Spain almost unmolested, France is
almost powerless in the grip of her
ministry, and America, "the Land of
the Free, and the Home of the Brave,"
is a virtual beaurocracy.
Wherein lies the cause? The great
movement for liberation and equality
has almost spent its force; the voices
of Rosseau, Voltaire, and Thomas
Jefferson are now but dim whisper-
ings, used only by political spell-
binders, and orators who tend to the
rococo and florid. No thinking man
now believes that all men were creat-
ed equal, and the logic of Rosseau has

been proven fallacious. What of the
people-have they not benefited by the
advantages of education? In ans-
wer to this, is it advisable to teach
chemistry to a skillful poisoner?
Civilization rises and falls, but it
must be admitted, each time it falls
the ebb seems to be somewhat high-
er than the preceeding ebb; democ-
racy and the universal brotherhood
of man are beautiful and profound
conceptions, but it will be centuries
before these can be realized, as actu-
America is a beautiful satire on
democracy; American society certain-
ly caters to the aristocracy of Eu-
rope;' American society is snobbish;
America is intolerant religiously:
Witness the brawl recently in Madi-
son Square Gardens; the people ci
America delude themselves into think-
ing they elect their highest execu-
tives, whereas they have very little
to do with the matter. It is not alto-
gether improbable that the next pres-
ident will receive fewer popular votes
than his unsuccessful rival, but this
is to be expected.
And yet America is without a doubi
the greatest nation on earth, and her
people are the most prosperous, and
perhaps the most well-off. For bad as
matters may seem, all that is neces-

sary is for one to observe carefully
the European political machines. In
no country on the continent, is the
two-party system used, so that the
party that receives a majority is real-
ly representative of a small minority
of poinion. England, with all her free-
dom, comparatively, is far from being
as progressive as America, and her
people are not accorded the advant-
ages such as are now being offered
to Americans.
Hence, if a few of our eternal pes-
simists would cease functioning as
such for awhile, and advance a little
constructive criticism, matters would
appear much brighter, and despite the
bone-dry appearance of the coutry,
legally, that is, we might have a little
beneficial sunshine.
America is at worst, better off than
any other nation today, and while the
position of leader in mediocrity is
by no means al that can be desired,
we cannot help but recalling
"Honor and shame from no condition
Act well your part-there all the hon-
or lies."
The man whose regime at Havanna
as governor-general, was immediately
responsible for the Spanish-American
war, Valerian Weyler, has become the
central figure of an army camarilla in
Spain, which wants to overthrow the
dictatorship of Primo de Rivera. The
former autocrat of Cuba is declared to
be the only man who can save Spain
from the fascism of the de Rivera ab-
The loss of Cuba is not remembered
against Weyler, Since the Spanish-
American war he has engaged in pol-
itics to such advantage that he is now
the real political leader of the old time
army chiefs. He is the only man in
Spain who dares face de Rivera. Last1
March Weyler was appointed presi-
dent of the supreme war council,
where he stands, in reality, between
de Rivera and the dictator's possible
use of the army to overthrow the
King Alfonso has personal faith In
General Weyler, and the aged com-
mander is noted for his loyalty to the
royal family.
General Weyler, now 85 years of
age, is too old to take the field in
person in the event of civil war.
General Weyler's full name is Don
Valeriano Weyler Nicolau, first Mar-
quis of Teneriffo, Duke del Rubi and
Grande of Spain.
Weyler has served 70 years in the
Spanish army. He got his baptism of
fire in San Domingo. He wore an of.
ficer's uniform in the Crimea and
through the Indian mutiny. He was
a general at 33 and a marshal at 35.
It was Weyler who was called upon
to crush the Carlist Basque and Cat-
alonion uprisings. Then followed his
Cuban service. Recalled, he became:
minister of war under two premiers
and then minister of marine. He was
named captain-general in 1910 and is
the last man to bear that title-a
proud one in Spanish military history.

for particular types of instruction.
The gymnasium, which is 693d90
feet will be on the third floor. Here
also will be situated the office of the
physical director, storage space for
the gymnasium equipment, rooms for
free-hand drawing and design, and
two rooms for the commercial depart-
ment. Besides a few classrooms, a
lunch room and rooms for cooking,
serving, and sewing, the rest of the
fourth floor will be turned over to the
School of Education for use as psy-
chological laboratories.
(New York Evening Post)
Ten years ago yesterday the Aus-
trian empire, ruled by the Hapsburgs,
declared war on Serbia. Behind Aus-
tria stood Germany,hready for the
work of death. Within ten days a
four year hell was let loose on earth.
It was followed by a six year pur-
gatory that still endures. The House
of Hapsburg has gone. So have the
House of Hollenollern and the Glucks-
burgs of Greece. The Romanoffs have
passed to explore the shadows of ob-
scure graves and the dust of a dead
empire. Europe's map has changed.
New little states struggle for life in
the war wreckage that covers more
than 10,000,000 fighting men's graves.
In part Europe is a world of phantom
cities, ghostly villages and the wraiths
of men and the life of yesterday.
The eruption that shook the world
has ended; but the crust forming over
the lava beds of hate and fear is very
thin, and the fires underneath cool
slowly. The stability of that remade
world is uncertain.
Ten years since the beginning of
Armageddon and nearly six years aft-
er the guns fell silent find many of
its issues unsettled. ยข Germany's
dream of world power has faded and
the Teuton lives within a war forged
ring. Yet at the end of this moment-
ous decade Germany stubbornly strug-
gles to escape the just penalty for her
sins against the world; and France
and Belgium, the two nations most
aggrieved by German acts are al-
most despairingly asking for justice.
It was the just judgment of the
world in 1919 that Grmany should
pay, for the injuries done and the
damages wrought. The story of her
evasion is written in the record of
San Remo, Spa, Geneva, and the in-
numerable and weary conferences of
London, Paris, and Brussels. Default
after default and evasion following
evasion have dragged on the present
conference over the Dawes repara-
tion report in London.
The mourning wreaths are gone
'from memorial statues of Alsace and
Lorraine, but for France these later
years have been Years of Illusion.
The Allies of France have failed her
and left her to brood over the white
crosses of her head and to restore
her own ruined cities and her own
shell-damned fields. Always the Ger-
mans have evaded and France has
been forced to find the money for
the reconstruction that Germany was
to sternly ordered and had so solemn-
ly pledged to pay.
Under Mussolini Italy is repaying
herself in the Adriatic and the Medi-
terranean for her war sacrifices. Had
Russia not wandered away into the
Red madness she might have her long-
desired warm water gate into the Me-
diterranean. As for England she

has forever ended the meance of the
German high seas fleet, now rusting
under the tides of Seapa Flow. She
has added for her goods in mandates,
colonies and islands. So far as the
results of the war could assure safe-
ty, it is assured.
France comes to the beginning of
a new decade, the second decade
since the guns spoke at Belgrade ten
years ago today, in disagreement with
her Allies. They are weary of her de-
mands for justice, tired of her pleas
for what is due France and French-
men. Because of this her Allies have
drawn apart from her. The Entente
that held through four years of fight-
ing has not endured six years of
;Meanwhile, the iron ring forged
around the Teuton grows rusty and
wears thin. Italy may be safe and
Great Britain may be safe, but France
is not safe. The scars across North-
ern France have not been healed by
the ointment of German reparations.
Nor is Belgium safe; nor has she col-
lected for the damages and the humil-
t lation of the years when the Teuton
user her as a road and an artillery
yard and not as a country.
Grass covers the graves stretching
from the Channel to the Baltic; from
the Baltic to the beechwoods of Buk-
owina, that fringe the Isonzo and the
Piave and are sown along the Sank

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of the Eastern Alps. The memory of
the days when death walked under and
on the waters and the shore and
brooded in the air, of all that time of
terror and tears, is fading with the
But at the end of ten years it is
plain that lasting peace can be assur-
ed only by the removal of the real ob-
stacles to peace. The injustice done
France and Belgium by their was
comrades Ind by the un4edentent
German is such an obstacle. The
failure to give France the security
she must have against another aval-
anche of steel from the north is an-
other. Six years of conferences have
not availed, nor will sixty years of
talk without action change a situation
that is vital with human feelings and
with human history.
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The new model high school, which
is situated just south of the campus
on East University avenue, will be
opened this fall. The purpose of the
school is to aid in improving instruc-
tion and to:achieve greater individual-
ization of instruction. It plans to have
one or more teachers in each depart-
ment who are familiar with the work
of progressive groups in different
parts of the county-that is, what
they are doing in the way of good
practice, experimentation, and invest.
The general style of the building is
like that of Martha Cook, its nearest
neighbor on the west. The arrange-
ment of the building, which is L-shap-
ed and consists of four floors, has
several ideas in mind. The maximum
number of pupils to be accommodat-
ed is 500, and the plan is to use the
school for all six grades which are in-
cluded in the junior and senior high
schools, to aid in the carrying out of
plans for greater emphasis being plac-
ed on the study of science, to supply
the necessity of an auditorium for
school assemblies, and to emphasize
the importance of physical education
and household and industrial arts in
secondary schools.
The first floor will contain the au-
ditorium, lecture rooms, lockers and
dressing rooms for boys, and shops
for work in household arts, industrial
and auto mechanics. On the second
floor there will be many classrooms.
as well as a beautiful library, a
printing shop, and lockers and dress-
ing rooms for girls. In the front of
this floor is an exercise room which
will take the place of a gymnasium


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