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July 19, 1924 - Image 2

Resource type:
Michigan Daily, 1924-07-19

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. . , .... .. ... ...

.5 ugetm .
t r t1 ,y lt 'a-IV
Published every morning except Monday
during the summer session.
Member of the Associated Press. The As-
sociated Press is exclusively entitled to the
use for republication of all news dispatches
credited to it or not otherwise credited in
this paper and the local news published here-
Entered at the postoffice, Ann Arbor,
Michigan, as second class matter.
Subscription by carrier or mail, $t ..
Offices: Ann Arbor Press Building.
Comrunications, if signed as evidence o[
good faith, will be published in The Summer
Daily at the discretion of the Editor, Un-
signed communications will receive no con-
sideration. The signature may be omitted in
publication if desi ed by the writer. The
Summer D~aily does not necessarily endrse
the sentiments expressed in the communica-
Telephones 2414 and 176-M
News Editor............Robert S. Mansfield
Chairman of the Editorial Board.... e
..........Andrew E. Propper}
City Editor................Verena Moran
Night Editor ..........Frederick K. Sparrow
Telegraph Editor..........Leslie S. Bennetts
Womens' Editor .............Gwendolyn Dew
Louise Barley Marian Kolb
Rosalea Spaulding Wenley 3. Krouser
Marion Walker J. Albert Laansma
Dwight Coursey Alarion Meyer
Marthat Chase Mary Margaret Miller
Wray A. Donaldson Matildla Roseneld
Genaeva Ewing Dorothy Wal
Maryland E. Ilartloff
Telephone 960
Advertising Manager ......hIie M. Rockwell
Copywriting Manager..... oble D. Travis
Circulation Manager.......Lauren C. Haight
Publication Manager........C. Wells Christie
Account Manager..............Byron Parker
Florence L Morse Florence Mccomb
Charles L. Lewis Maryellen Brown
Night Editor-C. ROBERTSON
"There is a quality in cer-
tain people which is above all
advice, exposure or correction.
Only let a man or woman have
dullness sufficient, and they
need bow to no extant authority.
A dullard recognizes no bet-
ters; a dullard can't see that he
is in the wrong; a dullard has
no scruples of conscience, no
doubts of pleasing, or succeed-
ing, or doing right; no qualms
for other people's feelings, no
respect but for the fool himself.
How can you make a fool per-
ceive that he is a fool?
Such a person can no more see
his own folly than he can see
his own ears.
And the great quality of dull-
ness is to be unalterably con-
tented with itself."
What is education? Who is the ed-
ucated person? How often these
questions are asked!
Much is being said and written
these days about the "new education."
The old method of teaching the three
R's is considered a "venerable tradi-
tion." Today, educators aim to per-
mit children to direct their own stud-
ies, within limits. They realize that
children differ profoundly and that
education must minister to the needs
and capacities of each. The work-
study-play or Gary plan has been

widely adopted, replacing the former
rigid curriculum. Always, the ques-
tion arises: "What is education?"
In Webster's dictionary, we find "ed-
ucation" defined as: "1. The impart-
ation or acquisition of knowledge,
skill, or development of character, as
by study or discipline. 2. The sum of
the qualities acquired through indi-
vidual instruction or social training.
3. Pedagogics."
G-nerally. people link the idea of
education wt schools and colleges.
Nevertheies, a man may have a uni-
versity degree and still not be an ed-
ucated person. He may have been
merely a bookworm. If he does not or
cannot make effectuAl use of the -
knowledge acquired at college, he is
not an educated person. To be con-
sider.d an educated person, he must
be able to amiju t himself to new or
changing environnents and society;
his judrwnt niust be good; and, as a
result of his studies, he should be
able to think for himself.
On the other hand, a man is educat-
ed who, although never having attend-
ed college, can ba:e his judgment and
actions of the present upon his past
experiences; can efficiently carry on
his business in life; and knows how
profitably and pleasurably to utilize
his leisure time.
Education was originally the priv-
ilege of the priesthood; later, only x

A Crisis In The Affairs Of
Rivera --- The Spanish Mussolini

Toward the fall of 1923, a great
movement of unrest spread through-
out Spain and at length found its
culmination in the establishment, in
that country, of the Fascist govern-
ment. This was due outwardly to dis-
satisfaction in the Army over the
management of the Morrocan cam-
paign-a dissatisfaction which later
extended to the whole of the Span-
ish people and culminated in a wide-
spread movement for reform.
On September 12th of that year, the
Catalans, a province long known as
the home of the Spanish Republican
movement, rose in revolt, demanding
tl.ir complete independence and
separation from Spain. Captain-Gen-
eral Ferdinand de Rivera, with the
support of the entire army, headed the
revolt and siezed Barcelona. Popular
sentiment was behind Rivera and the
dissolution of the Cabinet was at once
accom'plished. The King, however,
somewhat partial to the Prime Min-
ister attempted to retain him until
the later demanded the banishment of
Rivera. This was refused because of
Ferdinand's popular support and the{
Prime Minister was likewise forced tol
resign. On the 15th of September Riv-
era was appointed military dictator,
three days after his sudden rise into
Rivera immediately grasped the
reins of government with the proverb-
ial mailed fist. He levied enormous
taxes on the wealthier classes, effect-
ed no small number of minor reforms,
and began a campaign to stamp out
profiteering which he deemed a crime
punishable by hanging. That same,
month he held a diplomatic meeting
with Mussolini but what terms of
agreement were reached at the con-
ference are at present unknown. It
is to be noted as significant, however,
that the careers of these two contin-
ental dictators, Mussolini and Rivera,
present a striking parallel; and al-
most every step Mussolini has taken
in Italy has been re-echoed by Rivera
in Spain:

The more recent acts of this Spanish
post-bellum dictator include a strict
censorship of the Spanish press- a
move which has given rise to consid-
erable agitation and dire threats. The
Catalans who engineered Rivera into
the dictatorship are now once agair
clamoring for reform complaining
with some truth that the Liberal gov-
ernment lie promised is but a creature
of his imagination. Added to this,
the banishment of one of the leading
Liberals, a man of great educational
and scientific repute throughout Eu-
rope, has increased the agitation
greatly, and Rivera's position is be-
coming more and more precarious.
Whether Rivera will be asked to
resign, or whether the Catalans will
precipitate a civil war, or whether
he is sufficiently a diplomat to smooth
matters over is a matter of conjec-
ture. The future alone holds the ans-
wer. But of all his danger, it is ob-
vious that the Catalan situation is the
most alarming. The Revolution of
1874, which made Spain a republic
for a period of approximately a year,
was, for the Catalonian point of view,
the Golden Age of Spanish govern--
ment. The Spanish mind is more or
less addicted to three favorite pas-
times: bull-fights, cock-fights, and
revolutions; and at no other period in
the history of Spain has the opportun-
ity for the independence of the Cat-
alans seemed more favorable.
Rivera's resignation is by no means
an improbability for while he has the
support of the Church, nevertheless,
the "Wall Street" of Spain is decided-
ly antagonistic and his popular sup-
port now rests on a very frail found-
ation which the forced exile of many
Liberal leaders has helped undermine.
Rivera's position in the annals of
diplomacy has yet to be established,
and, judging from recent events, he
is very likely to stand or fall on one
throw of the dice. Needless to say,
that decision will have a 'profound
effect upon Spanish history for the
coming century, at least.

That is a question that means much
socially. It means a deal more in
business and finance. This bank
offers you bank connections that
will be valuable to you in the busi-
ness world.
101-105 S. Main St.
330 So. State St.
Member of the Federal Reserve

The privilege of the University
Health service will be extended
to all students of the University
Summer session. The Health
service is located at the corners
of Washtenaw and Volland ave-
nues and will be open from 9 to
12 o'clock daily except Sundays
and from 2 to 5 o'clock, Satur-
days and Sundays excepted. All
students who care to take ad-
vantage of it are given free med-
ical service.
Physicians are available at all
times by calling the Health ser-
vice infirmary, University 186-M.
Subscribe for The Summer Mich-
igan Daily.-Adv.

Read the Want Ads
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a combination of deli-
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those of royalty and wealth were for-
tunate enough to receive it; but to-a
day, education is available to all.
Aside from formal studies under su-
pervision, education can be acquired
by those who have seen and read
much, as well as by those who have
travelled and gained practical knowl-
edge. To be truly educated, one should
be progressive; should have an un-
derstanding of and sympathy for his
fellow-men; and have personality as
well as character.
International sports are increasing
steadily in popularity. The spirit in
which most of the civilized countries
are participating in the Olympic
games and the ideals they will carry
away froni these games promise to
create a very desirable effect on the
future relations between these coun-
The outstanding element in all ath-
letic events is sportsmanship-- the
ability to win or lose gracefully.
Sportmanship requires that there
shall be nothing more than friendly
rivalry between participants and spec-
tators.1 It credits every man with
doing his best and encourages admnir-
ation for work well done rather than
hard feeling for losses. It frowns on
unfair tactics. It is a high nioral
code which so permeates the con-
sciousness of all those who take part
that its influence extends beyond the
playing field into the everyday affairs
of life.
Sportmanship has been predomin-
ant in the present Olympic games.
Only in a few instances have feelings
iun high. The rules of the games
have been lived up to by practically
all of the participants. The intense
national feeling which formerly ex-
tended itself to most international
events seems to have bowed in sub-
mission to the code of fair play. Peo-
ple not well known and little under-
stood have been given equal consider-
ation with people who have been in
the limelight for a long time and they
have shown that athletic ability is a
universal characteristic which is not
dependent on race or geography.
Almost everyone will agree that in-
ternational gatherings such as the 01-
ympic games cannot help but have
beneficial results. They turn national
feeling into a safer channel. They
tend to break down national exclu-
siveness and they teach people that
other nations have characteristics
very similar to their own-that others
are just as likely to excel in sports.
as they themselves are.
The most promising thing, however,.
is the fact that the ideals of sports-
manship will be raised all over the

world. If people doubt the ethics of
fair play and apply them to their rec-
reation, they soon learn that this
code makes a very good standard on
which to base all of their relations.
The Olympic games are the most pot-
ent force in the disemination of these
i deals and as such they deserve all of
the encouragement they can receive.
(The New York World)
Approval of the Dawes plan has
been expressed by all parties in ad-
vance of the interallied conference
in London. They have accepted it in
principle. It remains to reach an
agreement in putting it into effect.
Toward the adjustment of what were
the British and French positions Pre-
miers MacDonald and Herriot have
earnestly co-operated.
The negotiations between London
and Paris have had for their object
the creation of conditions under which
the $200,000,000 loan to Germany can
be raised. That is why the British
Government has insisted on having
certain details arranged from the
start. It has been unwilling to leave
them open for possible disputes in the
future. Its purpose has been to as-
sure satisfactory security for the
creditors under the German loan. It
could not consent to take chances on
the future or to enter into a rash
speculation on political uncertainties.
With France as its partner, it wanted
a clear understanding, equally fair
and binding.
The people who will decide the mat-
ter are the people who have to raise
the money for the loan to Germany.
That is right and reasonable. It was
to meet their requirements the pro-4
posal was made that an American
member serve on the Reparation Com-
mission. Official authority for any
such appointment from Washington
was not to be assumed. But the
same ends will practically be met if
an American representative is the fin-
al arbiter in the event of the issue be-
ing raised as to whether Germany is
to be declared in default in the pay-
ment of reparation.
To any such disastrous policy as
that to which M. Poincare committed
France in the Ruhr the Dawes planr
should not leave the gate to be opened
at the bidding of a French Premier
playing to French passions. If Ger-
many is to be helped to its feet, if
.it is to be enabled to discharge its
obligations, if the Allies are to re
cover what is justly due them, saner
counsels must be enforced than have
yet prevailed.

Women to Learn a
Business of Happiness
The happiest occupation in the
world is showing women how to
improve their appearance. It
brings happiness to them-untold
happiness. It brings satisfaction
and fortune to you.
You can learn this business of
happiness in a few weeks of fasci-
nating work. First we teach you
how to improve your own person-
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how to improve the appearance of
others. That brings happiness to
Complete course in Facial and
Scalp Treatment, Shampooing,
Manicuring, Marcel, Water and
Permanent Waving, Hairdressing,
Electrolysis. Attractive surround
ings. Easy terms. 4"
The time is past when women
have to be contented with meager
earnings just because they are
women. In almost any point on
the map we have Marinello Shop
Owners earning from $3,000 to
$20,000 a year in a highly respected
calling. More salaried positions
are open for trained Marinello
graduates than we can fill.
Right now decide to look into this
business of happiness, it is the
onoortunity of a lifetime. Write
for catalog and complete booklet
The Marinello System
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Read the Want Ads

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Daily Excursion to
8 0lC One Round Trip $1 .25 Sundays
Way (Return Same Day) Holidays
Leaves Detroit Daily 9 a. m. (E. .)
The finest exclusive excursion steamer, the Put-in-Bay, noted for
its large ballroom, makes this trip a memorable one. Orchestra and
dancing aboard, without extra charge. Cafeteria aboard.
Four hours crammed with outdoor pleasures at Put-in-Bay-bathing-dancing-
goves for lunching and athletic fields. See the wonderful Caves, and Perry's
Connections at Put-in-Bay with steamers for Cleveland, Toledo and Lakeside.
Daily to Sandusky
The Put-in-Bay goes to Sandusky every day. Fare-$1.50 one way.
Special Friday Excursions to Cedar Point
(After Suly 4th)
A special excursion is made every Friday to Cedar Point-the fresh water rival
to Atlantic City-the finest bathing beach in the world-large summer hotels,
groves, and all outdoor amusements. Four hours at Cedar Point and seven
hours at Put-in-Bay! Leaving Cedar Point at 5 p. m. and Put-in-Bay at 7 p. i.;
arrive back in Detroit 10:30 p. m. Fare-Cedar Point, $1.75 round trip; Put-in-
Bay, 80 cents.
Dancing Moonlights Write for Map Folder
Leaves Detroit 8:45 p. m. Ashley & Dustin
Fare, Wed., Thurs. 60c. Sat., Sem rLn
Sun. and Holidays, 75c. Steamer Line
Foot of First Street
q, Detroit, Mich.
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