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August 03, 1923 - Image 1

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Michigan Daily, 1923-08-03

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I

DAY AND NIGHT
SERVICE

L I I

V. No. 36

ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, FRIDAY, AUGUST 3, 192

PRICE'FIVE

I' -

j

CHIEF EXECUTIVE PASSES AWAY INSTANTLY WHILE CONVERS-
ING WITH FAMILY ASSEMBLED AT BEDSIDE;
APOPLEXY IS DEATH BLOW

FRlENCH AND BELGIAN NOTES
BLOCK HOPES OF PEACE-IN, RUHR
DISPUTE1 STATESMEN FEAR REBULI

I

Presidential Headquarters, Palace Hotel, Sah Francisco, Aug. 2-(By the Associated Press) -President Harding died in-
stantly without warning tonight at 10:30
Death came to the chief executive while he was conversing with the members of his family, and according to the official
statement issued by physicians was apparently due to some strain, probably an apoplexy.
The statement said:

III

I

"Mrs. Harding, who from the beginning of the president's illness had expressed com-
plete confidence in his recovery, did not break down. On the other hand, she continued as
from the beginning, the bravest member of the group.:
"When she realized that the president had actually passed away she turned to those
in the room, who in concern had turned to her, and said, 'I am not'going to break down.9
k Warren G. Harding was born on a farm, near the village of Blooming Grove, Mor-
row County, Ohio, Nov. 2, 1865, the eldest of eight children. His father, George T. Har-
ding, was a country doctor whose forbears came from Scotland. Before going to Ohio,
the Hardings were residents of Pennsylvania, where some of them were massacred by
Indians. Others fought in the revolutionary war. The mother of Warren, Mrs. Pholbe
r e' t 1 T r 71 . TT ti 71 1 r "i t [1 T T1"r

}

Dickerson, was descended from an old-time Holland Dutch family, the Van Kirks.
In his youth Warren Harding lived the life of a farmer boy attending the village school.
until 14 years of age, when he entered Ohio Central College of Iberia, from which he
was graduated . As editor of the college paper he first displayed a talent for journalism..
He was obliged to stop school now and then and earn the' money with which to puisue
his college course. At one time he cut corn, at another painted barns and at still an-
other-drove a team and helped to grade the roadbed of a new railway. At 17 he taught
a district school and played a horn in the village brass band.
At odd times he worked in the village printing office, in time becoming an expert typesetter and later a linoytpe operator.
He was a practical pressman and a job printer, and as a "make up man" is said to have had few equals. The luck piece that
he always carried as a Senator is the old printer's rule he used when he was sticking type.
In 1884 Dr. Harding moved his family to Marion. A short time afterward the father purchased for Warren Harding
The Star, then a small paper.
Warren G. Harding brought to the presidency an infinite patience and kindness in dealing with public questions and
men which enabed him to handle the problems of governmen t without the stress and worry that handicapped many of his
predecessors.
Whatever else historians may say of him, there probably will be little dispute that few executives came to office in peace
time facing problems more complex in their nature or greater in number. , All international affairs were unbalanced as never
before, with many principal settlements of the great war still to be effectuated. At home the work of reconstruction had
only just begun, with business depressed, agriculture prostrate and unemployment general.
How Mr. Harding measured up to the task before him must be left to the historians, but his friends said that coming
to the presidency as he did with an open mind, a desire for counsel and an intimate knowledge of the processes of government
acquired in his services in the senate, he was the type of man needed for the job at such a time.
Preaching upon every occasion the doctrine of Americanism, he set his foot resolutely against "entangling alliances".
While thus adhering to what he was pleased to term the principles of the founding fathers, he nevertheless lent the moral as-
sista'nce of the government in the effort to bind up the wounds of the world.
That influence was once declared by him to be not inconsiderable, and so America under his guidance had a part, silent
though it was in the main, in effecting the settlements of many vexing word questions. Its chief contribution was the Wash-
ington Arms conference at which the principal powers covenanted to limit the size of their navies and thus lift from tax-weary.
peoples the burdens they had been under in reaching for naval supremacy.
Along with the proffer of counsel in effecting world settements went an insistence that American rights be recognized.
With a directness of expression that was not to be misconstrue d, the world was given to understand that the United States
freely respecting the rights of the other nations, asked for herself only that to which she was entitled in simple justice, and
that she could accept nothing less.
Vice President Calvin Coolidge,' who will succeed the late President, will assume his position as Chief Executive
immediately after the interment of the late President. In his position as Governor of Massachusetts during the strikes occurring
there just previous to his election to the vice-presidency, it will be remembered, Mr . Coolidge admirably handled a most
difficult situation by enlisting the services of the state militia.'

BRITISH GOVERNMENT HOPES TO
BRING PRESSURE TO BEAR
ON FRANCE
POINCARE PROMISES TO1
PUBLISH FRENCH SIDE
France Does Not Refer to Belgian
Note; Refuses Joint Note to
Germany
London, Aug. 2-(By A.P.)-Sel-
dom has Parliament separated for a
long vacation under such an ominousl
cloud of difficult relations with an
allied power as it did after graveI
statements today by the Prime Min-
ister, Stanley Baldwin, in the House1
of Commons and the Secretary forc
Foreign Affairs, Marquis Curzon, int
the House of Lords, revealing an ap-
parently insurmountable diverengce'
of views between England and France
as to how to deal with the repara-
tions question. Although the minis-
terial statements revealed much more
than, had been expected of the de-
tail of the negotiations with France
and Belgium, showing, for instance,
that England in her draft note to
Germany painly advised the GermanE
government to withdraw her decreef
admitting passive resistance in the
Ruhr yet the statements stil leavet
the country in ignorance of the Brit-t
ish governments next step, and judg-
ing from Lord Curzon's speech, the
ministers themselves are not yet de-
finitely decided on this point.'
The government clearly hopes that
it may still be possible to bring pres-
sure to bear on the French govern-
ment through an appeal which they
indicate by through a new tribunal,
namely, the "civilized world"-.
It is indicated from Paris tonight
that M. Poincare has no objection to
the publication of the French side of
the case so that within a short time
public opinion will be put in posses-
son of all the details of the recent
negotiations. In the commons polit-
ical quarters tonight on the minis-
terial statement, the worst feature ofa
the 'position as revealed today was
considered to be that France in her
reply did not begin to even refer to
the French note to Belgium and in
no respect could they attempt a joint
note to Germany. It expressed/that
the French note insisted that'the ques-
tion of passive resistance to which
all other questions were incidental,
was not even touched. All advices
from Germany have indicated that the
German government is unlikely to
withdraw its resistance decree and
even in the hands of the policy will
continue just the same.
Bulletin
Great Britain and France standl
even further apar in their atti-
tude toward Germany than the
British people and probably the
world at large have understood
This seems to be the conclu-
sion drawn from the explanations
Prime Minister Baldwin aendLord
Curoii, the foreign secretary,
gave the two houses of parlia-
ment today of the position result-
Ing from the latest British at-
tempt to lay the foundations of a
united policy.
The ministers revealed that the
latest communications from
France and Belgium furnished
no material for an alleged ans-
wer to the German reparations
proposals and they brought to
light a surprising dealdlock in
the CorresponGence,

PREMIERDECLARES SETTILMEN1
OF REPARATION QUESTION
' IMPOSSIBLE
BALDWIN AND CURZON i
eFAIL IN SETTEMEN'
Leaders Year Delay' Will Prove Fatal;
Italy lInclines to British
Side
London, Aug. 2.-(By A.P.)-PrirE
Minister Baldwin, joined with Lord
Curson, the foreign secretary, in in-
forming parliament today that the re-
plies of 'France and Belgium to the
British reparation note seemed to
hold out no prospect of a settlement
of the Ruhr situation in the near
future nor the opening of a discussion
regarding reparations.
Great Britain had 'submitted to the
other allies the draft of a joint allied
reply of the last Germany reparation
communication and Great Britainha
attached very great importance taofth
dispatch of such a reply, the premi Z
said.
Neither France or Belgium however,
had mentioned this replays 'their
answer to the British communication
and Great Britain, to the regret of her
government,; was unable to sind&
these responses sufflciet interial for
the dispatch of a joint allied rplay
to Germany.
Urged Expert Advice
Realizing the danger of the Euro-
plan situation sinking into irretrie-
able ruin during prolonged negotia-
tions amog the allies, the British
government, holding that the problem
cannot be evadedil the statement said,
has invited the allies to agree to the
publication of their communications
in the hopes that these documents to-
gether with those prepared by Great
Britain, may convifice- the world 0
the necessity of prompt and united ac-
tion.
The prime minister, in the house o
commons, and Lord Curzon, in the
house of lords, began their identical
addresses by reciting the history1
the recent _negotiations-' They the
broke new ground in this manner
"In this draft reply the British 'gov-
ernment dealt with the various 'pro.
posals contained Pa the German mem-
orandum and expressed the opihiiol
that while nothing should. be don
which was inconsistent' with the stip
ulations of the treaty of Vesalles
advantage would be derived by in ex
amination, by impartial experts, in co
operation with the reparation con
mission into 'Germany's capacity t
pay.
Sought Ralir Peace
"As regards the guarantees offere
by the German government the Brit-
ish government went on to point ou
in the draft replay that the value o
any such guarantees must largley de
pend on factors of which the Germea
!government in its memorandum ha
made no mention such as stabilizin
the mark and balancing the Gera
budget and that on guarantee coul
be effective unless provision weri
made for some form of internationa
control over the German ,nanclal ad
'ministration,."
Italy is Favorable
"The reply expressed the belief ta
such action on the part of German
would involve reconsideration by thi
occupying powers of the conditions o
their occupation and the gradual ,re
turn to. the normal features of indus
trial life' in the Ruhr
"In th covering note with which this
draft reply was sent to the allie
governments the British governmen

INATIKONF 12
HB DAY DECIDED

the formal announcement

said theI

ges to be Adjusted to Afford
Earning Equal to 25 Per
Cent Increase
RY ANNOUNCES CHANGE-
EFFECTIVE WHEN POSSIBLE
qew York, Aug. 1-(By A.P.)-E1-
nation of the 12-hour day in the
el industry will begin immediately
I wages of employes where hours
reduced from 12 to 8 hours will
so adjusted as to afford an earn-
equivalent of a 25 per cent in-
ase on hourly and base rates, Dir-
or of the American Steel & Iron

change would be effective as rapidly
as the supply of labor would permit.
He said it was impossible to say when
the changes would be completed, but
declared there would be no unneces-
s ary delay on the part of anyone. It
is estimated thatethe shorter working
day will -necessitate the employment
of between 60,000 and 65,000 addi-
tional laborers and will add approxi-
mately $45,000,000 to the annual pay
roll of the industry. Employes who
are now receiving' $4.80 for a 12 hour
day will receive $4.00 for an 8 hour
day.
American Express Raises
Chicago, Aug. 2-(By A.P.)-In-
creases ranging from to 3 12 cents
an hour were granted employes of
the American Express company and
the Southeastern Express company in
a decision of the United States Rail-
road Labor board made public here
Md~Anvr

Convention
ences
PROMINEN
WIL

UNIVERSITY PLANS
CIVICS CONFIERENCEi

Will Discuss Social Si-
as Taught in High
Schools
T FACULTY MEN
L SPEAK ON PROGRAM

The conference which is being plan-,
ned will be presided over by Prof.
Thomas H. Reed, of the political sci-
ence department. Address will be
given by Prof. William A. Frayer, of
the history department, Prof. Calvin
0. Davis, of the School of Education,
'Prof. A. E. Wood, of the department
'of sociology, and Mr. Philip Lovejoy,
of Benton Harbor.
It is in response to the request of
the National Council for social study,
that the meeting is being held. The
work of organization wag unedrtaken
by a committee appointed from Pro-;
fessor Reed's class in Civics 60 which
is studying the problem of the study
yof social science in the high school.
The conference will consider what
place such studies should occupy in
the curriculum of the high " school,
and what porportion of attention,
should be given to each branch of the
field, history, political science, sociol-
ogy, and education.

A conference on the Social Sciences
in the Public Schools will be held
from 2 to 4:45 o'clock on Aug. 10 in
thy auditorium of the Natural Science
building, which will take up the prob-
lems of social studies and their place
in the high school curriculum. Sev-
eral prominent faculty men will speak,
in addition to an outside speaker,
while ample opportunity will be given
for general discussion.

of the

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