EDITED AND MANAGED BY STUDENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN
UNDER AUTHORITY OF BOARD IN CONTROL OF STUDENT PUBLICATIONS
STUDENT PUBLICATIONS BLDG. * ANN ARBOR, MICH. " Phone.NO 2-3241
y" -. ...
en Opinions Are Free
ruth Will Prevail"
THE CHRISTMAS SEASON officially entered Ann Arbor this weekend
with our first heavy snow and the Choral Union's annual presenta-
tion of The Messiah. Handel's great oratorio has become a permanent
feature of this season, and it was welcomed back to Hill Auditorium by
a large and enthusiastic audience.
The performance was conducted by Lester McCoy and featured the
University Choral Union, the Musical Society Orchestra and four solo-
Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers
or the editors. This mus t be noted in all reprints.
Y,ECEMBER 8, 1957
NIGHT EDITOR: THOMAS BLUES
Public Must Be Told
r l /SJ/LE
So to Make Decisions, Sacrifices
'HE WORDS former Air Force secretary
Thomas K. Finletter uttered here Wednes-
y night will probably never find their way
the men in Washington planning our na-
n's defense, much less to President Eisen-.
wer. But they should, and they should also
heard by all the hundred's of other govern-
mt bureaucrats in Washington, state capitols,
les, counties, townships and villages.
Finletter said there is a "crisis of a lack of
formation" about the status of United States
Tenses. He said, "We can never have any
nplex or important defense policy decisions
less the people are fully informed of the
dted States' position-good and bad-and are
'are of sacrifices they may have to make to
Whether he would take quite this position
re he still in office is a-subject for specula-
n, but the truth of the assertion can hardly
denied. And yet government officials-not
, but many of them-do deny it. They seem
believe that what the public does not know
I not hurt them.
This phobia of revealing facts appears to
,e support from the public at times. Right
w criticism is being directed' at the govern-
nt for announcing, prior to the actual firing,
e attempt to launch an earth satellite. If
ything is going to cause government officials
pull in their necks, it's criticism such as
ERTAINLY THE UNITED STATES looks
rather bad now that the first launching
empt has failed, particularly in the eyes of
eign nations. And on this. basis it perhaps
n be justly argued that the prior announce-
nt was unwise.
But to completely conceal any failure of the
portance of this one is to rob the public of
'ormation it has every right to know. It is
too evident, furthermore, that when govern-
nt officials are given a little. censorship
wer they take a lot and far exceed the in-
If there are times when the nation suffers
m release of information, we are sure there
innumerable other times when it would
nefit, ultimately, from such action. It might
argued that had government officials spent
s time tacking' up secrecy signs in past years
e United States today might not be standing
agrined in the shadow of Sputniks I and II.
Finletter, of course, would probably like to
ve the government release more information
at could be used by Democrats to criticize
e Republican 'Party and the Eisenhower
ministration. But because this is the in-
pensable role of the opposition, it must be
d they should have the information necessary
Government officials are, in the last analysis,
responsible to the public. Practically, it may be
true that public opinion is seldom generated to
a point where public officials need give it great
consideration. But there are times, oneof which
was created by Russia's success in the scientific
and military-fields, when the public does begin
to worry and does collectively voice its opinion.
But the government refuses to give adequate
information for the public to debate and decide
intelligently or to prepare itself for a greater
We hear of "shocking" testimony given to the
Senate about the United States' missile pro-
gram. But what is the testimony and why is
it shocking? We hear of America's work on
missiles. But what is this work and what state
is -it in? And just how far is the United States
behind Russia in the missile race?
The Administration can hardly expect the
nation to put forth the effort necessary to meet
and surpass the Russians militarily and scien-
tifically unless the public is fully aware of the
crisis and danger it faces.
THE TRADE MAGAZINE of the newspaper
world, Editor and Publisher, which happens
to be one of the few constant crusaders against
government secrecy, described the present
situation in a recent editorial. It read in part:
"Prior to this scientific achievement, (launch-
ing of Sputnik I) there appeared to be an im-
provement in the Washington climate sur-
rounding the release of official news from
government departments. Now, security-con-
scious Washington has received all the impetus
and excuse it has needed, or wanted, to 'clam
up' again. It is our guess that the cause of
freedom of information has been 6iet back many
But even the best secrecy-minded officials are
not able to hide everything. The result is that
little bits of news, frequently incomplete and
inaccurate, leak out and are publicized. The
department or official that' has suppressed the
information will often suffer more for his ac-
tions because of the inaccuracy and incom-
pleteness of the leaks.
What is worse, as Finletter so aptly pointed
out, is that public officials not only withhold
information but they occassionally imply, if
never saying it outright, what-Is just the op-
posite from the truth.
We believe that if there is any death knoll of
responsive and responsible government in a
democracy, it sounds every time information
that is rightly due the public is withheld. And
while we do not suggest that it is in the na-
tion's best interests to release all information,
there is sufficient evidence that more informa-
tion is classified presently than is necessary for
the protection of this country's vital interests.
Copiright. 1957. The Pulitzer Pub1ishinkC .
St. Louis Post-Dispatch
Share No Secrets-Bridges
SENATOR BRIDGES of New
Hampshire, Republican policy
chairman, has forced Eisenhower
to abandon his plan to share our
atomic secrets with our NATO
Bridges warned Eisenhower at a
recent breakfast that Ike's own
GOP Senate leaders would oppose
any attempt to revise the Atomic
Energy Act. Bridges said they did
not trust the Labor Party, which
might be running the British goy-
ernment after the next election. If
this happened, Aneurin Bevan
would become Foreign Secretary,
and Bridges declared flatly he con-
sidered Bevan more friendly to
Russia than the United States.
After the senator's warning, the
Administration decided not to
press for a change in the law,
Dulles still intends to stockpile
atomic missiles in Europe and
teach our allies how to fire them.
But the actual atomic explosives
will be kept a so-called American
"secret,"' even though Russia is
ahead of us in those secrets, and
even though England, Italy and
Israel either have, or will have,
their own atomic know-how.
The British politely denied last
week that they are ahead of us in
building atomic reactors-but it
was a diplomatic denial-in order
to placate Atomic Energy Chair-
man Lewis Strauss.
Earlier, Dr. T. V. Dunworth,
Britain's reactor research chief,
told a press conference the British
were ahead of America. This hap-
pens to be the truth.
But Strauss blew his top after
reading Dunworth's statement and
demanded a denial. In order to
soothe Strauss's ruffled feelings,
the British dutifully agreed $o is-
sue a joint statement claiming
that both Britain and America
By DREW PEARSO
had made equal progress on re-
Note - Admiral Strauss, the
Kuhn-Loeb investment banker, is
the man who drove Dr. Robert
Oppenheimer out of government.
Pennsylvania's fiery Congress-
man Dan Flood stormed out of a
secret House appropriations hear-
ing the other day in the middle of
cross-examining Defense officials
about our satellite-missile lag.
* *4 *.
FLOOD DREW an admission
from Maj. Gen. John Daley, the
Army's special weapons chief, that
the Pentagon had ample advance
warning of Russia's missile pro-
gram. Even after learning Russia
had successfully fired an Inter-
continental Ballistic Missile, Daley
admitted, the Defense Department
cut back our own missiles produc-
Twice, Chairman George Mahon
of Texas hinted that time was run-
ning short and Flood ought to let
someone else ask questions. The
second crack brought Flood to his
feet, his waxed mustache bristling.
"Oh hell," he stormed, "I'm not
really interested anyway!"
Without further comment, he
charged out of the hearing room.
After Flood's abrupt departure,
Lieut. Gen. Clarence Irvine, the
Air Force Deputy Chief, claimed
that interservice rivalry may have
spurred,.rather than hindered, our
"We wouldn't be making as much
progress on the Thor, and the
Army probably wouldn't be as far
along on the Jupiter if it weren't
for the rivalry," he declared, re-
ferring to the Army-Air Force feud
over medium-range missiles.
Both Army and Air Force
spokesmen cautioned that their in-
termediate missiles need more test-
ing. They admitted neither the
Thor nor Jupiter had been fired
intact, though all parts had been
successfully tested separately.
At one point, Mahon asked Gen-
eral Irvine for his personal opinion
as to whether the Defense Depart-
ment should scrap the Thor or Ju-
piter or produce both of them.
"I can plainly see," smiled Ir-
vine, "that I should have retired
nine years ago."
& 4* * *
REAR ADM. William Raborn,
the Navy's special projects officer,
gave an optimistic report on the
1,200-mile Polaris which will be
carried by atomic subs and fired
from under the ocean.
Mahon noted that Raborn's
name sounded similar to that of
speaker Sam Rayburn.
"The Rayburn name," Mahon
remarked drily, "is not unknown
on Capitol Hill."
In the end, the committee agreed
that all three medium-range mis-
siles are coming along as fast as
can be expected. /
The Air Force is studying the
possibility of putting pilots inside
ballistics missiles. The pilots could
guide the missile and aim the war-
heads at enemy targets with great-
er accuracy. Then they could drop
out of the missile in a pellet, and
fall into the ocean at a rendezvous
to be picked up by a waiting sub.
Sounds fantastic, but they are
talking about it.
Both the Army and Air Force
are also studying the possibility of
using nissiles as cargo carriers to
deliver supplies at supersonic
speeds to our overseas bases.
Vice-President Nixon is using
his full influence behind the scenes
to put the missile program on a
crash basis. He has'bffered to take
full charge of the program per-
(Copyright 1957 by Bell Syndicate Inc.)
ists, Adele Addison, Eunice Alberts,
As a totality the performance
it possess conviction. Too often it
There were moments . of real
strength and beauty, but more
-often mistakes and insecurity
marred the evening.
* * *
SINCE THE CHORUS is the
star of any performance of this
work, it merits first consideration.
The Choral Union consists of
about 300 voices, more or less. The
first point of contention is this:
what size chorus' should be used?
I personally prefer a smaller, more
manageable group. However, my
preference does not count here.
Mr. McCoy has drilled his sing-
ers well enough that the large
group manages to keep its music
generally clean and intelligible.
The tone of the group is good,
especially the strong bass section.
At times the other sections suf-
fered by comparison.
The worst defect of this pe-
formance choral-wise for me was
the constant and irritating use of
aspirated h's in all of the passage
work. This distorts the words.
I know that choral conductors
insist that this is done in large
choruses to keep the musical lines
clear. But it should not be done
noticeably. For example, a word
such as "revealed" comes out as
"re-ve-he-he-he-led." The affect
of this after a time becomes ludi-
The stirring chorus "Glory to
God" was neither stirring nor
angelic. The opening phrases were
weak and lacking in anything
resembling the fervor with which
the angels on that night so long
ago would have sung it. Even with-
out considering the words, the
performance lacked musical con-
AGAIN A MAJOR REASON for
this, as well as the fact that this
huge chorus does not sound nearly
as large as it is, is due to the great
emphasis on consonants to the
detriment of the vowels.
Very little tone can be pro-
duced on a consonant. These let-
ters should be used to add strength
or emphasis to the vowel, which
can be sung.
The quartet of soloists con-
sisted of three fine artists and one
very weak link. Adele Addison,
soprano, back again from last year,
provided the most beautiful mo-
ments of the entire evening. Her
voice is sweet and lovely and she
Miss Addison's sincerity and
artistry were best shown in her
first recitative, "There were An-
gels," and in the later aria, "How
Beautiful Are the Feet of Them."
Eunice Alberts possesses a pleas-
ant voice which she uses with dis-
cretion. There were few outstand-
ing features in her performance,
but she never fell below a more
than acceptable level.
Harold Haugh's lovely tenor
voice and his outstanding artistry
made the tenor solos the joy and
fine experience they should be.
His interpretation of the aria, "Be-
PAUL MATTHEN, the bass solo-.
ist, was the weak link in the group.
His voice is gutteral and at times
rather unpleasant. He does not
possess the low rankge for much
of the music and neither is he able
to negotiate the difficult,. florid
passages in his solos.
Fortunately, Handel created in
The Messiah a musical monument
of great magnitude. It has with-
stood far worse treatment than
it received here.
Harold Haugh, and Paul Matthen.
was not especially exciting, nor did
was a thing of shreds and patches.
Pro gnos is
(Editor's Note--Government chiefs
of the Western Allies gather Dec. 16
against theominous backdrop of
growing Soviet missile power. Can
they remove the obstacles in the path
to strength and unity: A veteran for-
eign correspondent analizes the pror
By STANLEY JOHNSON
GALVANIZED by Soviet Sputniks
and massive missile advances,
government chiefs of the NATO
nationsmeet here in Paris next
week determined to forge a dy-
namic new program to push the
West ahead of the Russians.
But the great question is: Can
they do it?
Can dissensions and rivalries
within the Western Alliance be put
aside? Can questions of national
pride and national budgets be sub-
ordinated to the imperative needs
of the North Atlantic Treaty Or-
ganization as a whole?
THE CONDITION of President
Eisenhower after his latest attack,,
and the question of whether he or
Vice-President Nixon would come
to Paris caused little anxiety here.
The general feeling in NATO
circles is that the vice-president
ranking international diplomat
and it would be worthwhile to set
has developed into, top-ranking
international diplomat and it
would be worthwhile to see him
operate under such circumstances.
The meeting's program is ex
pecter to call for much tighter
Allied cooperation in scientific edu-
cation, experimentation and man-
ufacture, a cooperation which
would end rival developments in
the same field and replace it with
a planned share-out of informa-
AMONG. OTHER things, the
American delegation - which will
also include Secretary of State
John Foster Dulles and Defense
Secretary Neil McElroy-is expect-
ed to pledge efforts for congres-
sional modification of the Mc-
Mahon Act, which strictly limits
American sharing of atomic sec-
Even before this legislative ac-
tion is possible, the United States
is expected to pledge a share-out
of missiles-when it has any to
share-even though keeping con-
trol of nuclear warheads in its
This leads directly'to one' of the
thorniest problems the conference
must face: Which other NATO
powers are willing to face certain
Russian wrath for 156ssession of
DETERMINATION to strength-
en the Alliance so far as possible
has by no means been unanimous
on this particular issue. West Ger-
many is reluctant to become. a
rocket base, while France has al-
ready asked the United States for
Proposals are also expected that,
instead of supplying individual na-
tional forces with nuclear-age
weapons, supranational groups
handle them directly upder NATO
Since NATO's European military
chief is an American-currently
Gen. Lauris Norstad-this would
ease U.S. congressional action.
I I DAILY i
The Daily Official Bulletin is an
official publication of the Vniver-
sity of Michigan for which the
Michigan Daily assumes no edi-
torial responsibility. Notices should
be sent in TYPEWRITTEN form to
Room 3519 Administration Build-
ing, before 2 p.m. the day preceding
publication. Notices for Sunday
Daily due at 2:00 p.m. Friday.
SUNDAY, DECEMBER 8, 1957
VOL. LXVIII, No. 67
President and Mrs. Hatcher will hold
open house for students at their home
Wed., Dec. 11 from. 4 00 to 6:00 p.m.
Lecture: "The Earth's Atmosphere in
the satellite Region," by Prof. Sydney
Chapman, International President of
the special Committee for the Interna-
tional President of the Special Commit-
Christmas Paychecks Needed
[HE UNIVERSITY CALENDAR, set up oii a
"stop-gap" basis for the next academic year
till poses several problems, not the least of
'hich is Christmas recess. The Calendar Com-
aittee has recommended a proposed calendar
'hich bows to complaints of administrative dif-
iculties caused by classes beginning onThurs-
ay after registration. But- there has been no
etion taken on student concern with the im-
ractical Christimas recess. 1
It used to be that classes ended on or about
lecember 16, allowing students to capitalize on
hristmas-rush employment, mainly in the Post
ffice Department. The opportunity to earn
11 or the major .part of the next semester's
aition money was important to many. Univer-
Since that time, tuition and other educational
ost have twice risen and the calendar altered
: allow no time for Christmas employment.
his year, classes end on - December 21. The
roposed calendar for next year has classes
easing December 20, hardly leaving time for
udents to take temporary employment, some-
mes sorely needed.
HIs IS A SERIOUS problem and one which!
should be given extensive consideration by
the Calendar Committee. The committee is
interested in a calendar which places more
emphasis on education. This is a goal which no
serious student would deny: However, there are
other considerations to be made. One of these
must be the concern for students who must
'work to gain that education, and there are
The committee has- emphasized that the
calendar for next year is not representative of
an educational philosophy. It might be advis-
able for a calendar to be worked out which
included in any educational philosophy a con-
sideration for the financial needs of students.
Last summer, jobs were hard to get. The ab-
sence of the some students who were unable
to return after a summer of job-hunting and
the increased use of the University loan fund
clearly indicates that many students are find-
ing it difficult to finance an education in the
face of increasing costs and fewer job oppor-
This fact stresses the need for enough time
during the Christmas holidays to earn expense
money. Although a problem, the Calendar Com-
mittee should make every possible effort to
reconcile this need to a future academic .calen-
LETTERS TO THE EDITOR:e
Students Propose Anti-Discrimination Petition
INTERPRETING THE NEWS:
Dignit Is Unity
By J. M. ROBERTS
Associated Press Mews Analyst
ON THE SAME DAY this week the foreign
secretaries of Canada and the United States
issued. directly' contrasting pronouncements re-
garding policy toward Soviet Russia.
Secretary Dulles said there was little pur-
pose in having conference with the Russians.
"You can't rely upon agreements unless you
can enforce them," he said, applying it to the
recent Russian suggestions for a ban on ship-
ment of arms to the Middle East.
Sidney' E. Smith, Canada's Secretary of State
for Foreign affairs, said, he was distressed
about that very attitude.
He criticized automatic rejection of Russian
At the last high-level meeting in Geneva, for
instance, the Russians -agreed that the big
powers should work out an arrangement for
reunification of Germany.
They had hardly reached home, however,
when the Russians began trying to enlist Tito's
Yugoslavia and the Eastern European satellites
in a campaign for recognition of "two Ger-
THE RUSSIANS RENEWED their demand
that occupied East Germany be recognized
as an entity for negotiations with West Ger-
many on a unification plan.-
Both of these campaigns run counter to the
To the Editor:
BELOW IS A COPY of a petition
drawn up by a group of stu-
dents and faculty members after
much careful deliberation over a
period of two months. This peti-
tion concerning discrimination in
university housing is representa-
tive of the thoughts of members
of many organizations and inter-
ests on campus.
We are confident that non-dis-
criminalery placement is possible
and sound, as it has be'nk proved
in the- many colleges and universi-
ties across the nation where it is
Aside from being tn unjust basis
for assignment of roommates, the:
distinctions by race, religion and
nationality in roommate selection
are not in keeping with the Uni-
versity's stated educational objec-
tives of enabling new students the
experience of a "cosmopolitan,
cultural, and intellectually stimu-
specific roommate) without regard
to race, religion, or national origin.
1) Officials have stated that
freshmen are assigned if pos-
sible with others of the same
race, religion and nationality.
2) Photographs (which are of-
ten a good indication of an
individual's race and nation-
ality) are requested on the
housing application. Both
the application and the pho-4
tograph must be received
before roommates are as-
3) The applicatsions indicate
that race, religion, and na-
tionality are important fac-
tors in pairinfg roommates.
On .the men's application,
numerous questions concern-
ing these are included.
We therefore petition you, Mr.
James Lewis, Vice-President in
Charge of Student Affairs at the
University of Michigan, to initi-
ate and give your full support to
nn1 invryad'inn ov, gf icrri.m inn rv
From my experience as a frater-
nity presiding officer, I have be-
come well aware of the typical
attitudes of those who would use
alcoholic beverages indiscreetly,
but this is one of the few instances
where I have found one so selfishly
blind to the welfare of others that
he would publicly assert his mis-
conceptions. An adult problem
such as campus drinking, which
affects so many, should not be
treated with children's iogic.
* * *
"PI LAM's only sin" was not
that they w e r e unfortunate
enough to get caught, but that
they were indiscreet enough to
have a function which would make
it easy for minors to be served.
The purpose of a fraternity is
to promote brotherhood, and it is
hardly conceivable that encourag-
ing one to break the law is brcth-
erly. Such \a violation places in
jeopardy not only the reputation
of the Iraternity tat of the Uni-
versity as a whole, and thus it be-
The rule concerning drinking in
residence halls is basically good
in that it protects the rights of a
group that does not drink, it pro-
motes an atmosphere which is
more conducive to learning, and
it provides a neutral atmosphere
for those minors who have not
taken time to consider the prob-.
Another argument by Mr. Taub
is that this regulation is danger-
ous, because it encourages students
to get smashed and then drive
home (while drunk). By the same
logic, laws against theft are wrong
when they cause people to embez-
zle funds with the mistaken belief
that there is a lesser probability
of getting caught.
Even though laws restrict a
few, they make living in this so-
c.cty more harmonious. From this
it is easy to see that a law is not
dangerous because the perverted
choose the wrong psychological
outlet for their inadequacies.
* * *