See gage 4
Sixty-Seven Years of Editorial Freedom
:43 a t
AN* ARBOR, MICHIGAN, THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 14, 1957
ident Cautions Nation on Period
)anger Ahead for Free World
)MA CITY MP)-President Dwight D. Eisenhower, caution-
re is danger ahead for free men everywhere," told the
day \American must spend substantially more money on
he future to meet Russia's challenge.
ionwide television-radio address, the President recalled
Itltler and declared not enough people took the Nazi
Second Talk in Series
l not make that mistake again," Eisenhower said in a
red for delivery at Oklahoma City Municipal Auditorium.
ond of a series of "chins up" talks designed to bolster
SGC Vote Reaches
New Low of 5,347
Getz, Belin, Rainwater Also Nam
Wurster Elected to Half-Year T<
By RICHARD TAUB
Joe Collins, '58, and Maynard Goldman, '59, wer
elected to Student Government Council last night on the
Collins, present SGC president, was swept into office
1,160 votes, a new SGC record. He surpassed the recor
by Ron Shorr, '58, administrative vice-president, last N
by 126 votes.
Goldman Polls 753 Votes
Goldman polled 753 votes to beat the first ballot e
by 18 votes. A new low was set for Student Government C
ell election totals, as onlye
AFTERMATH-The above is what the 200 students who gathered.
In the League Ballroom last night to watch ballot-counting in the
Student Government Council elections left behind after the last
candidate was chosen. Elected to the SGC were Joe Collins, upper
left; Maynard Goldman, upper right; and at the bottom, left to
right, Bert Getz, Dan Belin, Linda Rainwater and Lois Wurster.
y The Associated Press
[INGTON Vice Presi-
chard M. Nixon said yes-
he United States and its
%ye the military strength
and defeat any enemy on
I in the world."
ssing 1,200 members of the
L Defense Executive Re-
ixon said the major peril
r Russia is not "overt ag-
' but the Soviet's cam-
o win the "uncommitted
d of the world" by cold
* * *.
WASHINGTON - Gen. Curtis
eMay and a record-setting stra-
egic airpower team, yesterday
ocketed a huge jet tanker plane
roan Buenos Aires to Washingon
a 11 hours, 5 minutes and eight-
enths of a. second.
LeMay and his men flew the
oeing KC135 tanker transport at
as average speed of 469.5 m.p.h.
MOSCOW - Nikita Khrush-
lev said yesterday 'the United
tates lags behind the Soviet Un-
n in rocket production and
fon't catch up soon.
oosevelt yesterday recommended
aternational control of satellite
nd space exploration projects
hrough the United Nations.
The 73-year-old w id ow of
ranklin D. Roosevelt added, how-
ver, such control probably should
ot extend to weapons.
* ** * *
MANILA -. President Carlos
-arcia apparently has won a four-
ear term of his own as president
' the Philippines.
His growing lead switched at-
rntion today to the 'question of
hether he would have teammate
an opposition party man for
"Girl Crazy," a musical comedy
oduced by the sophomore class
ill be presented at 8:00 p.m. to-
ght in the Lydia Mendelssohn
tieatre with continual perform-'
ices until Nov. 16.
"The show is loaded with spe-
al effects and dance numbers,"
Ilan Nachman, '60, co-publicity
airman said. Describing the
3ckground setting for one of the
once routines, he said thejnum-
r will feature ultra-violet light-
A 17-piece orchestra will supply
e music for songs by George
id Ira Gershwin. Among the
pular tunes sung by the cast
e "I've Got Rhythm," "Biding
y Time" and "But Not For Me."
" the public's confidence in Ameri-
ca's defense and ability to over-
take and surpass in the space age.
Besides cautioning that it will
be necessary to spend more money
than in the past on the missile and
satellite programs, Eisenhower
called for a stepped-up education
program to provide for training of
He also said there must be an
increase in basic research in the
light of Soviet Union develop-
Discussing the satellite program
specifically against the background.
of Russia, Eisenhower said the,
United States, "must adopt a clear
formula to guide us in deciding
what satellite and outer space
activity to undertake.".
Proposes Initial Tests
He said there must be two tests.
First, if the project is designed for
scientific purposes, the size and
cost must be tailored to the scien-
tific Job to be done.
"We intend to carry forward our
programs in a way that will do
credit to our scientific tradition
and insure our security over the
years ahead," the President said.
"This will involve substantial cost."
Secondly, he added, if it is some
ultimate defense project, its ur-
gency for this purpose must be
judged in comparison to the prob-
able value of competing defense
Ground will be broken .next
March for a $500,000 Civil Defense
and Disaster Training Center to
be constructed on the North Cam-
pus, University administrators said
The center which will be used
to prepare Civil Defense workers
for disasters and emergencies is to
be ready for use by early 1959,
according to present plans.
The federal government dis-
closed yesterday that it has grant-
ed $250,000 inmatching fundsfor
the project thus insuring con-
struction of thq facility.
Two hundred fifty thousand dol-
lars had already been appropri-
ated by the State Legislature for
the building which had been de-
signated in earlier capital outlay
requests by the University as a
"fire station and training labora-
Conferences between University,
state and federal officials resulted
in the training center.
WASHINGTON (A)-- Secretary,
of State John Foster Dulles said
yesterday the American people
"may-have to give up some small
marginal freedoms" to cope with
the Soviet world pressures..
He did not say what freedoms
might have to be relinquished but
indicated they were connected
with forming an international
front against hostile communism
and making financial sacrifices to
keep the West strong.
"But the essential thing is whe-
ther we can retain the great bulk
of our freedoms and at -the same
time beat -back this great mono-
lithic structure," Dulles said.
"I have no doubt it can be done
and with results that will spread
freedom across the world."
Secretary of Commerce Sinclaim
Weeks, who preceded him, told the
executives that in federal budget
making this year the emphasis is
on "less butter and more guns."
Dulles said that while foreign
aid is not too popular in this coun-
try it is "absolutely essential to
hold together the free world."
Failure to maintain the foreign
aid program, he asserted, "would
involve the 'giveaway' of large
parts of the free world and would
leave the United States encircled
to a point of strangulation."
The American people must ac-
cept certain conditions, he said,
to overcome the great volume of
concentrated effort being made
under the Soviet dictatorship.
West Seeks Actlon To Avoid
Red Disarmament Boycott
UNITED NATIONS, N. Y. () - The Western poers sought
yesterday to avoid a Soviet boycott of disarmament negotiations by
agreeing to add 10 new nations to the United Nations Disarmament
The Soviet Union appeared satisfied over the number, but ob-
jected to the political makeup of the group backed by the West.
x India Objects to List
India, which advanced the enlargement plan in behind-the-
scenes compromise negotiations, also was reported dissatisfied with
the countries suggested by the West. The West's choices did' not jibe
with a list being pushed by India.
Western agreement on enlarging the 12-nation commission was
reached at a secret meeting attended by the representatives of the
Drake Duane, '58, Inter-House
Council president, commenting
yesterday on the proposed re-
evaluation of the Inter - house
Council, said that he was "happy
to see the call for re-evaluation,"
adding that it would be considered
today by the IHC Presidium.
The re-evaluation question came
to a head Tuesday night when the
South Quadrangle Council in an.
ultimatum threatened to withdraw
"bodily and financially" from the
IHC if no action was taken on the
matter within three weeks.
Jack Hale, resident director of
West Quadrangle also comment-
ing on the proposal, said, "I hope
that as a result of the action, the
interests of both residents and the
IHC are kept in mind and served."
' Also in reference to the re-eval-
uation, Drake noted that "there
are other methods of doing it, but
this is the one they asked for, and'
this is the way we will conduct
United States, Britain, France and
A formal resolution embodying
the proposal will be presented to
a meeting of the 82-nation Gen-
eral Assembly today.
Russia Announces Boycott '
The Soviet Union has an-
nounced it will not attend meet-
ings of the commission or its five-
nation subcommittee as they are
This would result in a complete
breakdown of East-West negotia-
tions in the UN on disarmament.
The Russians proposed last
week that the commission - the
parent body for disarmament ne-
gotiations -- be enlarged to in-
clude all 82 members. But they
have since hinted that if India's
plan is approved they will not
push their proposal.
Specific Objection Withheld
Neither the Western nations nor
India would disclose their specif-
fic choices, but one of the main
difficulties revolved apparently
around the Eastern European na-
tions to be added.
Months of disarmament nego-
tiations in the subcommittee end-
ed in a deadlock in London last
The Union Senate will tackle
procedures when it meets at 7:30
p.m. today in the Union Ballroom.
It will act on a planning com-
mittee proposal on procedure, ac-
cording to Fred Wilten, '58E,
Union executive vice-president..
According to Wilten, the agenda
of the first meeting will be re-
sumed if there is enough time re-
5,347 persons voted.
Interfraternity Council Secre-
tary, Bert Getz, '59 BAd., was
elected to the Council on the sev-
enth ballot. Getz drew 833 votes
when the quota was 722.
Getz Wins 133 Votes
He picked up 133 votes on the
seventh ballot after gaining none
on the sixth.
Before his election an especial-
ly tense situation developed wher
five candidates were separated b
only 24 votes.
Incumbent Dan Belin, '59, was
the next candidate to be elected.
He pulled 755 vtes with a quota
Linda Rainwater, '60, was
elected on the same ballot. She
drew 706 votes.
Wurster Elected Sixth-
The sixth candidate "to be
elected was Lois Wurster, '60. 'She
beat Mort_ Wise, '57, by approxi-.
mately 30 votes., She will only
serve a half term, because she is
replacing Judy Martin, '59, who
resigned from the Council two
Approkimately 200 people wit-
nessed the election count which
took place in the League.
Wise and Miss Wurster fought
it out for the last position. Wise
had 620 votes and Miss Wurster
646, before the final count was
The first person to be dropped
was Don Koster, 59. He was fol-
lowed by Virgil Grumbling, '58,
Dave Bray, '60, Jo Hardee, '60, and
Eleven candidates ran in the
elections, the lowest number in
SGC history. The vote was also
the lowest. Last semester the vote
was 5,556, and the previous low
had been set in March, 1954, with
a tally of 5,531.
Collins was "disappointed" in
the low student. vote. He attri-
buted his record breaking total to
the fact that "students listened"
to what he had to say during the
The election. had gotten off to
a strong start Tuesday with a to-
tal vote of approximately 3,700.
Collins thought rain had cut down
the vote total yesterday.
Count night ended at 12:20 a.m.
Work had begun about 6:30 p.m.
HONOLULU id')-Not a trace
was found Wednesday of the Pan
American Stratocruiser missing at
sea since last Friday with 44 per-
Twenty-nine planes and a dozen
helicopters operated from the car-
rier Philippine Sea in the 130,000
square mile Pacific area some 900
miles east of Honolulu where
searchers believe the big transport
The Romance of the Skies van-
ished just about dusk last- Friday
night in flight from San Francisco
By THOMAS TURNER
"In dealing with the risini
tions of Asia and Africa," fc
corresriondent William Worth:
yesterday, "we tend to forget
Aldous Huxley has called 'the
human problem':~pressure of
Speaking to a capacity cro
Rackham Anphitheatre, thi
porter for the Baltimore
American listed two recu
themes in the events of the I
tieth century thus far.
Race Question Signiflcan,
Fir~t, World. War I was fc
over colonialism, the journ
lecturer said. Since that
"wars, revolutions and cou
Women's Senate Proposes
Third Campus Chest Drive
12 . T7 ~ U" T a Y 7 A Y'W VW U W
Bsy EJIZABET1 E lRKiNE
Women's Senate yesterday voted
19 to 6 to recommend to Student
Government Council that "Wom-
en's Senate favors having a third
Campus Chest Drive."
Dormitory and sorority house
TONIGHT IN 'THE RIVALRY'
Massey.To Perform in Lincoln-Douglas Drama
representatives felt that there had
been general improvement in the
approach and the drive, that one
drive was better than four and
that Campus Chest should be
given another chance.
Organizational changes, per-
sonell, planning for late permis-
sions and the designation of con-
tributions for a specific charity
were suggested as areas for im-
Those opposed to the recom-
mendation felt that separate
drives had more success and al-
lowed students to give to whom
they chose. They said that "the
idea behind it was to get money"
and the dive is not accomplishing
After deciding 16 to 14 to take
a "straw Vote" about the Senate
oninion of the hnnn rvstem fi
- WILLIAM WORTHY
. .. foreign correspondent
revolutions" have arisen from
pressure of population on res
Second, Worthy quoted N
sociologist William Edward Du
who predicted in 1903 in,"'
Souls of Black Folk" that the c
flicts of the Twentieth Cen
Would be drawn along the "c
A Belgian newspaper, Wo
recalled, characterized the I
dung conference of Asia and A
can nations, which he covered
his papers, as "a group of child
without their fathers." Such
attitude persists in Western
eign policy despite the declara
by President Habib Bourguiba
Tunisia, whom Worthy descr
as "our best' friend in North
rica," that dignity comes first
Low Aid Criticized
Worthy then quoted an unid
tifled official, possibly Bourg
himself, who declared that Ei
hower Doctrine aid, held to
000,000 because Tunisia was
far from the center of tent
might well be used to build
embassy in Moscow.
Worthy blames colonialism
"corrupting"s both the ruler
the ruled. In Nigeria, he said,
Students of history are familiar with the great Lincoln-Douglas
debate in the struggle between' the presidential rivals for national
Raymond Massey and Martin Gabel will re-enact this century
old slavery debate in "The Rivalry" at 8:30 p.m. today in Hill Audi-
torium, the third presentation of the current Lecture Course.
The pre-Broadway performance of this two-act play will be di-
rected by its author Norman Corwin.
TT'''r rj..TT' .