See page 4
Sixty-Seven Years of Editorial Freedom
ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, TUESDAY, NOVEMBER 5, 1957
'ns Claim It Uses New Fuel;
in Scientists, Statesmen Silent
ssia's successful launching of a second
cling the globe every 103.7 minutes with
se big questions in many countries yes-.
,moon the next Soviet objective?
will the United States do to recapture some of the
stige Russia has hoisted on its powerful rockets?
he dog, a female-called Laika - Little Barker - get bacd
New Fuel Used in Rocket?
is the new fuel the. Russians claim to have used in
are. no positive answers to these and many other ques-
by the newest conquest of space, but speculation filled
the minds of scientists and states-
* * men everywhere.
Ient1 sts Moscow had announced yester-
day improved new sources of pow-
er were used to fire aloft Sputnik
[r a. II, the half-ton satellite rocket-
ing a dog through the empty miles
Eff ®*Dog's Chances Disputed
At the samse time there ap-
appeared to be differences over
VRD RABBIDEAU thelife expectancy of the dog, a
versity scientists yes- fluffy little female named Laika.
tfor immediate and Soviet planetarium officials
s on the part of this ,suggested she may be parachuted
tch up with the Rus- back to earth for study. But Prof.
missile-satellite race, Kiril P. Stanyukovich, a rocket
that basic research expert, implied she would die in
sacrificed in the pro- her harness within the satellite.
Prof. Stanyukovich told a Mos-
as, research engineer cow radio interviewer rotation of
ering Research Insti- the missile around its axis would
I of an upper atmos- not affect the dog "while she is
research group, said still.alive," but that the speed of,
want to stay in the the rotation will mount steadily
with the Russians, we day by day.
et moving, not just in Spinning May Cause Death
d, but in the training The listene.s were left with the
f scientists as well." impression 'the whirling would
an all-out effort in hasten her end.
eld, ,and the govern- The cryptic announcement on
lift the unreasonable the new power sources came from
ulations that have V. Dikushin, quotedr in a Moscow4
irk in this area," he radio broadcast.
"A multistage carrier rocket of
'oldb n ,y Public a new design with foolproof preci-
ioldberg, chairman of sion controls had to be used for
y department, called putting :the satellite into its com-
public recognition /of puted orbit," he said.
ence one of the major "The increase in the satellite's
the failure of the size to provide for a large num-
s to keep pace with ber of measuring and telemeter-
ing instruments, and even fqr an
ar III has already animal passenger, necessitated
said. "It is a long- the development/of improved new
d result it Is diicult instruments and sources. of pow-
p eultic"sdifcuter," he said.
public." aoThe White House, in a terse
erg said a program of statement, said President Dwight'
ust be c at D. Eisenhower and his ience and
to and the national security' advisers' are carefully"
ge the' public's atti analyzing the significance of Rus-
cience. "I don't think sia's new accomplishment.
A t $3,700
By JAMES BOW
The final 'total in this year's
Campus Chest drive was esti-
mated at $3,700 by Ralph Freder-
ick, '59, Campus Chest solicita-
This amount includes funds
from residence house solicitations,
the two-day bucket drive, and the
Campus Chest auction. The drive
ended Friday, and .funds were
turned in and counted during the
weekend. and yesterday.
The $3,700 will be distributed
among the member charities ac-
cording to the percentages set up
by the Allocations Board before
Half to Camp
Approximate amounts' which
each charity would receive are
$1,850 for'. the University Fresh
Air Camp, $740 for the Free Uni-
versity of, Berlin Exchange Stu-
dent Program, $614, 20 for World
University Service, $307,10 for the
Ann Arbor United Fund, and $185
for the National Scholarship
Service and Fund for Negro
Fresh Air Camp's estimated
need for the coming year is $1,-
000. Part of this amount, however,
is expected to come from contri-
butions outside the Campus Chest
drive, Prof. William C. Morse, di-
rector of the camp, said.
FVB Needs $1,000
The Free University of Berlin
exchange program's e x p e c t e d,
needs are "over $1,000" according
to Katherine Johnson, '60, direc-
tor of the program.
Last year the "total proceeds
from the Campus Chest drive
were between $2,800 and $3,000.
The exact amount which was col-
lected in this year's drive will be
k . . .... .. .. .. .
Reds. Decide.To Drop
Of UN Dis armamentTa
WASHINGTON () - The
United States Court of Appeals
yesterday refused to lift a two-
week-old i nj u n ct i o n against
James R. Hoffa takin gover presi-
dency of the Teamsters Union.
The appeals -court ordered a
speedy trial of charges that Hoffa
and other Teamsters bosses rigged
the union's convention to insure.
Hoffa and his associates are ac-
cused of conspiring to put Hoffa
in office to succeed retiring union
president Dave Beck.
'Farther Than Necessary'
The injunction was granted
Oct. 23 by United States District
Judge F. Dickinson Letts. The ap-
peals court said Judge Letts may
have gone "farther than' neces-
sary" in some of his conclusions
at this stage of the case.
The appeals court, made up of
Judges Wilbur K. Miller, Charles
F. Fahy and George T. Washing-
ton, said however the injunction
order was a "proper exercise of
In one respect the appeals court
stiffened the Letts injunction.
Letts had banned the Teamsters
from acting or spending money
except in line with the union's
The appeals court, affirming
this, said also that none of the
constitutional changes voted at
the contested convention should
go into effect pending trial of the
Letts has not yet set a trial date,
but probably will do so soon.
The appeals ..ourt invited the
Teamsters to seek again to ,hav.e
the injunction dissolved if there is
any undue trial delay.
EAST GER1MIANS FACE DIFFICULTIES:
U. Ec o Oulok Bleak 'in '58
The Soviet Union is using bar-
ter deals with the uncommitted
nations of the world to convert
economic weaknesses into politi-
cal strengths, Prof. Wolfgang
Stolper of the economics depart-
ment said yesterday. .
"The countries of the Soviet
bloc have one secret weapon in
their agricultural inefficiency.
They are the one area which can
absorb othe rcountries agricultur-
al and raw material surplusses
with the greatest of ease," he ex-
Speaking before the fifth an-
nual Conference on Economic
Outlook, sponsored by the econ-
omics department, Prof. Stolper
said, "Already Egyptian cotton is
traded in East Germany against
the reconstruction of the port of
Alexandria. Whole machine and
cement factories are shipped to,
China against soy beans and tung
"We must increasingly expect
East Germans to appear in -1ndia
or Burma, etc., to say pothing of,
the troubled Middle East, to ex-
change needed machinery against,
rice or oil, coffee and tea or
He indicated the United States
and the free world generally could
reverse this trend and intensify
the. economic difficulties of the
Soviets partly by trading more
with Red satellites.
"Foreign aid to 'India and other
underdeveloped countries would
keep them outside the Soviet or-
bit. It would increase their econ-
cmic development and integrate
them 'with our kind of world."
The economist cited West Ger-
many's integration/ into an in-'
ternational economy as a major
cause of the difference in econom-
ic development between it and
/ While West Germany enjoyed
relatively few trade restrictions
and is now well advanced eeonom-
ically, Prof. Stolper noted, the
East Germany attempt to achieve
as great self-sufficiency as pos-
sible has led to' a greater depend-,
ence on imports."
Prof. Stolper cited other reason
for the failure of East Germany
to match the West in economic
development. Among them:
Reds 'Think Big'
1) Gigantomania in industry --
the tendency for Communist
planners to "think big" as Amer-
ican businessmen might put it.
2) Failure to develop realistic
pricing mechanisms. "Prices play
no part in determining what shall
be imported or exported and how.
much," he said.
3) Exploitation by Russia.
PROF. WOLFGANG STOLPER
...talks on Germany
BROWNSVILLE, Text (-) - A
clerical union board yesterday
authorized its executive commit-
tee to setra date for a strike which
could cripple Pan American World
Airways and possibly halt the
guided missile testing program at
Cape Canaveral, Fla.
The Pan American division
board of the Brotherhood of Rail-
way and S t.e a m ship Clerks,
Freight Handlers, Express and
Station Employes authorized the
executive committee to set any
date after Nov. 23 for the strike.
In Nev York, Pan Am said in a,
statement that the dispute now is
under the jurisdiction of the Na-
tional Mediation Board, which in-
tervened last Friday.
i Douglas. Swanston, '60, was
struck by a car driven by Robert"
F. Whelan, '58, at 10 p.m. last
night on Washtenaw Street.
Swanston suffered injuries of
the right hand, left knee and right
hip. Whelan was treated for a
head injury with a possible skull
The . investigating officers is-
sued no tickets to either student.
Police reported that Swanston was
walking aivoss Washtenaw when
Whelan hit him..
Ike To Meet Cabinet Today
To Discuss 1958 Program
A gloomy picture of the Ameri-
can economy was painted yester-
day by the director of the Univer-
sity of Illinois Bureau of Economic
V. Lewis Bassie opened the first
session of the fifth annual Confer-
ence on Economic Outlook warned
that continuous decline will mark
the economic year. n
"Beyond that there is no stop-
ping point in sight for another
year at least," he said. The trend
will be toward dwindling business
and rising unemployment, the eco-
nomists and businessmen from
around the country were told.
Major Letdown Ahead
"We are now facing the major
letdown of a great post war busi-
ness cycle," Bassie said. "Every
postwar boom has been followed
by a major depression and there
is no reason to think that this one
will have a different ending."
He said declining capital out-
lays, government expenditures and
net foreign investment will prob-
ably set the inventory and con
sumer credit cycles into their sim-
ilar liquidating (declining) phases.
The reaction in housing may be
slower, but it seems more likely
that the decline will again ac-
celerate by mid-year."'
-Evident inStock Market
The patterns of a postwar de-
cline are most evident, Bassie said,
in the stock market and in busi-
ness investment." "To a lesser
extent, the developmen'ts in re-'
sidential construction, in business
inventories, and in consumer cred-
it also fit well into a cyclical inter-
pretation of the current situation."
He said there is "just ,a mar-
ginal possibility of something like
See*other Conference story, page 8
stability continuing in 1958. This
involves a combination of develop-
ments whose probability is lo se
to the vanishing point."'
Bassie added that the govern-
ment could' be expected to com-
pensate for the decline and gov-
ernment 'expenditures may turn
upby late next year.
"But any programs that can be
put into action in that period will
be Impotent to offset the defla-
tionary forces in private economy,"
A survey of 100 of the nation's.
top economists attending the con-
ference is not expected to fully
support the bleak conclusiones
drawn by Bassie. The results of
'the survey will be released today.
Of eU' Student
Michigan State Police are hold-
ing John H. Outzs, a Jackson
State Prison parolee, and William
D. George of Lansingfor atheir
brutal beating of ,Allen Robinette
'59, early yesterday morning.
The two men offered Robinette
a ride while he ,was hitch-hiking
here from East Lansing. When
they had left the outskirts of that
city, Outzs struck Robinette in the
'face with his fist.
Outzs then forced him to the
floor of the car while George
drove over the country roads
north of East Lansing. Calling
Rbinette a "college punk, Outzs
slashed him with the student's
pocket knife. 'j
"He asked me how much good
my education- would be when he
had killed me," Robinette said.
After threatening' him for. ap-
proximately a half hour, the two
men, robbed Robinette of hisI
watch and 46 cents. They finally
knocked the student into a ditch
and kicked him.
Robinette tried three farm
houses before he could find a
farmer who would permit him to
use his phone.
Debate Nears I
UNITD NATh)NS, x
The Soviet Union anno
terday its withdrawal fr
ried out under present.t
Soviet Deputy Foreigi
Vasily V. Kuznetsov mac
nouncement to the UN's
political committee towa
of three' weeks of disarnm
Many delegates were a
the sudden Soviet mo'
appea'red to bring an e
more disarmament negol
the immediate future.
Termed 'Most DiscoUr
Cmdr. Allan noble, Br
ister of state for foreig
speaking immedatel a
netsov, called it a "mos
aging development. I WI
reflect on it and i1 ma
Canada's' Wallace N
the committee his goverr
"shocked and disappoint
ultimatum from the Sovi'
Kuznetsov said he ha
structed 'by his gover"
mak the announcement
"The Soviet govery.'
siders that alfl attempts
use of the Disarmaneni
mitten or productive, i
been en irely exhausted,
"Under, these condi
any sense in further pai
in the work of the lis
Commission and its sub
"Proceeding from this,
government declares th
not "particpate 'In the U
committee "in their pres~I
Future' Talk PLa
The Soviet Unin has
that future.UN disam&a
take place in an 82-nat:
Kuznetsov dpclared th
up a permanent Dim
Commission made up of
ber states of the UN wo
duce a new and fresh '
the disarmament negota
'The W stern nations
ing a 24-nation resoluti
calls for resumption, of
the UN Disarmament
mittee based hinprincipl
posals rejected by the S
ion in London last Aut
messages near Michigan
may be ruled "out of bou
City Council last night
motion to investigate cit
over airplanes flying:
stadium during footballg
In introducing the
Councilman Frank A. C.1I
it would el iminate the
safety hazard of the a
banner breaking loose
towing plane' and falling
Dayis said Civil Aerona
planes from flying over
dieIm and lower than 1
above populated areas
cause of the distorted vi
spective it's hard for.
within the stadium to te
where the plane is."
I In tithrirnci1 aon_t
e een towUan oz the lac,
:pe President Dwight D.
rer will. take the lead in
ess of education," he add-
Another Manhattan Project
Prof. David Dennison, chairman
of the physics department, called
for a "crash" program similar to
the Manhattan Project which de-
veloped the atomic bomb in 1944.
"We have two important things
to do," Prof. Dennison said. "The
first is to continue . our general,
scientific research, basic and ap-
plied. In order to do this, we must
increase the supply of trained
"The second is catch up on the
missile and satellite program. For
this, a type of crash program is
necessary." Prof. 'Dennison warned
however that "we must make every
effort to do both of these and not
'short-change' basic research by
putting all scientists to work in
missile and satellite areas."
Prof. Dennison said that the
lackg of funds has not been the only
reason for the failure of the
United States to move fast enough
in scientific research. Agreeing
with Prof. Goldberg, he said that
the lack of public support of
science is as much to blame.
University President Harlan
Hatcher said yesterday the United
States may profit from the Rus-:
sian's satellite advances if this
country realizes its demonstrated
educational inadequacies and acts
Inoculations against Asian Flu
will begin today at Health Service.
WASHINGTON (A. - President l
Dwight D. Eisenhower will hold a
special cabinet meeting today but
the White House said this is not
because of any emergency.
Mrs. Anne Wheaton, associate
presidential press secretary, an-
nounced the meeting at a news
She said specifically in reply to
a question that Russia's launching
of. a huge new earth satellite had
nothing to do with it, that the
meeting was planned before Sput-
nik II was put into its orbit.
However, it appeared inevitable
that any meeting of President
Eisenhower and his advisers would
at leastitouch on the ramifications
of Russia's new scientific strides
and their re'lation to world peace.
The cabineb will also meet on
Friday, its usual day. Mrs. Whea-
ton said both sessions this week
will deal with plans for the ad-I
ministration's legislative and
-spending programs next year.
NEW YORK 'M) - There are
hopeful signs Russia will tell an
eager, curious wtrld what her
Sputnik II and dog learn about
mysteries of outer space.
She. has -agreed to do so under
opmmitments of the International
So far Russia hasn't yet told
what she has learned from Sput-
nik the first.
But when it was launched a
month ago, a Soviet scientist said
it was a test shot and therefore
"outside' the IGY." This could
meanno obligation to tell its find-
But Russia appears to regard
Sputnik the second as an official
The first official announcement
said it was launched "in conform-
ity with the IGY program" to
study the upper air and space.
No such phrase was used regard-
ing Sputnik the first.,
A second sign of Russian co-
operation on Sputniks is that its:
first announcement gave more de-
tails about this second satellite.
It said, for example, that-it car-
ried instruments for study of cos-
mic rays, X-rays and ultraviolet
rays from the sun, temperatures
and pressures in space. t
With Sputnik the first, there
were initially conflicting reports
about whether it carried scientific
instruments, and what kinds.
On each launching, Russia an-,t
nounced the orbit ranges, weights
and distances the Sputniks were
TO SPEAK ON HUMAN RELATIONS:
Carl Sandburg To Keynote First International Week
By LANE VANDERSLICE
The first International Week will open officially today as Carl
Sandburg, gives the keynote speech at 8 p.m. in Hill Auditorium.
The noted poet, biographer and commentator on the American.
scene will speak on "Human Aspects Involved in the Relations of
Men of All Nations and Races."
Sandburg will also read some of his poetry and sing American
folk songs, providing his own guitar accompaniment, according to
Barbara Black, '59, International Coordinatigng Committee co-,
To Read from 'Family of Man'
He plans to read parts of his introduction to the "Family' of
Man," a collection of photographs from all nations, which has been
taken as the theme of International Week.
Tickets for the Union sponsored speech will be on sale today
at the main desk of the Michigan Union. Remaining tickets will be
on sale at Hill Auditorium before the lecture, according to Richard
Schwartz, '59, Union international committee chairman.
International Week will "highlight the work of the University in,
the field of international affairs" according to William West, as-
sistant counsel6r at the International Center. The University has over
1500 foreign students, more than any other single campus in the
U.S., Foreign Students Can Work Together
West pointed out that International Week projects have given