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October 27, 1957 - Image 4

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Michigan Daily, 1957-10-27

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"This Happened Without Any Violence At All"

Sixty-Eighth Year
EDITED AND MANAGED BY STUDENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN
UNDER AUTHORITY OF BOARD IN CONTROL OF STUDENT PUBLICATIONS
STUDENT PUBLICATIONS BLDG. * ANN ARBOR, MICH. * Phone NO 2-3241

When Opinions Are Free
Truth Will Prevail"

Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers or
the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.

POLTICAL CRISIS
French Constitution
Demands Reform
By GODFREY ANDERSON
Associated Press Staff Writer
HEN THE FRENCH political crisis is finally solved-whether by
Socialist Guy Mollet, the present candidate for premier, or by some-
one else-the odds are that France will have another weak government
just like the 23 preceding it since World War II.
The present vacuum of power, which has already lasted' 27 days,
has been generally dubbed the gravest since the Fourth Republic was
founded in 1946. Everyone has agreed there must be urgent constitu-
tional reform to give greater executive stability.
Governments must no longer be thrown out just because one of
their bills is rejected. And, if they are thrown out, then they should

INDAY, OCTOBER 27, 1957

NIGHT EDITOR: MICHAEL KRAFT

American Educational

System Faces Further Defeats

L SPUTNIK SPINS merrily along, each revo-
lution seems to add another question mark
the "why" and "how" that Americans have
en asking each other.
And in the usual American fashion of seeking
ie! quick and easy explanation, the Russian's
>ectacular scientific achievement is being
.amed on everything from our inter-se vice
valry to stupid budgeting, scary security pro-
ams, blind administrators and sneaky Soviet
>ies. Meanwhile, some observers point to a
arallel between Russia's lead in the scientific
3ce and their greater efficiency in the produc-
on of scientists, engineers afid technicians.
But all the blanket explanations merely
dicate the disorder beneath. After the ques-
oning, it might well be worth while to do some
linking and looking.
The little sphere flashing across the horizon
casting a searching light on the very foun-
ations of America's progress, its attitudes and
lucational system. And there is very little in
ther area that can bear close scrutiny.
SOCIETY in which intellectuals are "egg-
heads," avid readers are bookworms and
udents are grinds does little to provide an
anosphere favorable to the development of;
iture scientists. In Russia not only is the
dientist a highly regarded personage, but he
also one of the best paid and rewarded
embers of the society. By contrast, the
mmerican scientist's only hope of material
ompensations comes from an industry that is
r more interested in practical application than
ure research.
But even if there are enough of those who
ant to know why "grass is green" there are
ot enough with the ability to find the answers.
'or the educational equipment which develops
nd sharpens the intellectual tools of research
in need of urgent repair. Since the turn of

the century a smaller and smaller percentage of
students have studied mathetmatics and physi-
cal sciences in high school. Much of the empha-
sis on these subjects has evaporated, producing
a generation of teachers who had little interest
in the subjects when they were in school and
can arouse only small interest among their own,
students.
The physical condition of the schools also
needs revitalization. Not since the "make-work"
spending of the depression years has the nation
really concentrated on building schools. Stop-
gap measures and new construction was forced
by the wave of war-time babies, but if the
harvest is going to be converted into the
educated personnel the nation needs, A billion
dollar question must be answered.
TODAY, 3.2 million students are in college.
In ten years, the number is expected to
double and the nation's institutiors of higher
education will need an estimated' one billion
dollars a year to finance the expansion.
At the present, about 25 per cent of the sup-
port for higher education comes from state
governments, 20 per cent from the students,
with the remainder from the federal govern-
ment and other sources.
Where the money for the future will come
from is still unanswered. Some, such as Presi-
dent Celestin Steiner of the University of
Detroit say the students "those who benefit
from higher education"-should pay for it.
But as enrollment increases taper off through-
out the country because of increased tuition
and living expenses, the travels of the Russian
satellite underline one basic fact: a nation as
a whole benefits from, depends upon and must
support its educational system. If not, the
whole societal structure is in danger of being
increasingly overshadowed by Russian successes.
--MICHAEL KRAFT

WASHINGTON MERRY-GO-ROUND:
Economic Outlook Gloomy
By DREW PEARSON

have the power to dissolve Parlia-
ment and carry the issue to the
country.
That's what they say.
The only trouble is that no two
groups of deputies among the 15-
odd parties in Parliament are
agreed on how it should be done.
So nothing gets done.
UNDER THE present system,
all French governments are a
patchwork drawn from the so-
called national parties-that is,
with Communists and extreme
right Poujadists excluded. Cabi-
net portfolios are bartered for the
support of various splinter groups.
With a disparate team finally
more or less in agreement on a
minimum program all feel they
can stomach, the premier faces
the National Assembly for formal
investiture.
If he scrapes through that--
some don't-he is usually in trou-
ble on the first important issue
which arises. First he must get
his own Cabinet agreed, and that
isn't easy. Then he must face
Parliament - "that bear-pit" as
ex-Premier /Antoine Pinay once
called it in a moment of frus-
trated rage.
What France loses through
these recurrent crises is impos-
sible to estimate. This day was
the 274th the Fourth Republic
has been without a government in
12 years.
So long as governments have to
be sought from left-center and
right-center of the Parliament,
none will be strong enough to last
unless there is real reform-in
deeds, not talk.
What alternatives are there?
* * *
THE LEFT could give strong
government by the two largest
parties-the old popular front of
Communists and Socialists. But,
no one -wants the Communists,
even though they are willing.
An appeal could be made to the
wartime leader, Gen. Charles de
-Gaulle, to take over as executive
president on the American model.
But most Frenchmen consider
that the ultimate recourse in the
face of disaster. Many fear he
would want to be dictator.
There is always the Count of
Paris, pretender to the nonexistent
throne. But, although his support-
ers have plastered France with
bills reading "The King - why
not?" the French are too repub-
lican these days to take his bid
seriously.
The outlook then? The mixture
as before, until the deadlocked
system can be revamped to make
it really workable.

W. Germany: Hotbed of Capitalism

PROOF OF THE VIGOR of the West German
economy and one reason for it was supplied
by banker Herman Abs of that country at the
International Industrial Development Confer-
enceat San Francisco recently.
Abs-proposed an international law regulating
private foreign investment to protect both the
investor and the country benefitting from the.
capital. By this means, the flow of capital to
the underdeveloped countries which badly need
it, might not be impaired through fear of ex-
propriation.
The need for some sort of governing body of
law is clearly apparent. The most striking
recent example of interference with private
investment, the nationalization of the Suez
Canal by Egypt, almost provoked a war. On a
less dramatic scale, several oil companies in the
Middle East have suffered through government
expropriation of privately developed resources.
Such acts as these give pause to businessmen
with capital seeking places to invest it. Returns
might be far higher by investment in countries
which need developing, but it is foolhardy to
risk money when the government of a country
might take all the profit, if it desires. Con-
sequently, the capitalist sacrifices larger profits
for surer returns, in countries which are not
unfriendly to foreign investment.
Fear of "colonialism" thus keeps a nation

needing development and an investor willing to
develop it from joining forces. The result: the
rich nations get richer, as the capitgalist invests
where he is sure of a friendly reception, while
the poor stay poor.
T AKING CONGNIZANCE of this lamentable
state of affairs, Abs has proposde that an
international convention and court of arbitra-
tion be established, the one to make laws gov-
erning the investment in foreign countries, the
other to ensure that those rules are not broken
and to determine penalties for violations. Such
organizations should provide the basis for
concrete development of the world's resources
and contribute greatly to the improvement of
living conditions in backward nations.
It is to the credit both of Abs and of West
Germany that he has offered this proposal.
Apparently the West Germans are not to be
stopped in their economic boom by the hesi--
tancy of others; they demonstrate a confidence
in capitalism which the United States could
well use. It is to be wondered why some Amer-
ican businessman did not draw up a similar
proposal, instead of bewailing the unwillingness
of other countries to provide a rose-strewn path
for development.
-JOHN WEICHER

INTERPRETING
A rab Unity
-A Dreamn
By WILLIAM L RYAN
Associated Press Foreign News Analyst

t

A FTER President Eisenhower
met with economic advisers
for one hour last week, Press Sec-
retary Jim Hagerty testily denied
that Ike was concerned about the
stock market slump.
Inside fact, however, is that the
President's economic advisers are
definitely and genuinely concern-
ed. They are worried not only
about the stock market, but about
the continued inflationary rise in
living costs and other danger signs
in the nation's economy.
Values on the New York Stock.
Exchange have now declined an
estimated $22 billion since the first
of the year. On top of this, Wall
Street analysts predict business
will be rough during this winter
and possibly next spring. The rail-
roads have suffered a severe slump
in profits, have laid off men. Car-
loadings are down. The price of
scrap iron, always a business ba-
rometer, has plummeted. Retail
sales are off about 10 per cent in
many parts of the country.
* * *
ECONOMISTS believe that cor-
porate profits, which were high the
first part of '57 but will be low
the latter part of this year, will
wind up about the same level as
1955 and 1956. But small business
is taking a terrific beating, and
the nation has seen an all-time
record high for bankruptcies.
This was the real reason Eisen-
hower met with top-level advisers,
including Chairman Martin of the
Federal Reserve Board, Secretary
of the Treasury Anderson, and
Raymond Saulnier, Chairman of
the Council of Economic Advisers.
They won't admit it officially,,
but four Democratic candidates
have their presidential bandwag-
ons all steamed up and ready to
roll. Though the 1960 election is
still three years away, they are
already sounding out delegates.
Here are the four with their hats
still on their heads but their eyes
I watching the ring:
1) Sen. Stu Symington of Mis-

souri - he will \probably be re-
elected to the Senate next year by
an overwhelming majority; this
momentum may start him rolling
toward the White House. The Re-
publicans can't find a candidate
willing to oppose him in Missouri.
They have even offered to pay
Assistant Army Secretary Dewey
Short, defeated Missouri congress-
man, to run against Symington for
the Senate. Meanwhile, Missouri's
able Gov. Jimt Blair has offered to
campaign next year for any out-
of-state Democrat who'll invite
him, in order to build up out-of-
state good will for Symington.
2) Sen. Jack Kennedy of Massa-
chusetts - like Symington, Ken-
nedy is counting on an impressive.
victory in next year's Senate race.
Massachusetts Republicans a r e
frantically seeking a candidate to
put up against him, but without
too much hope. Jack's millionaire
McCarthyite father, crusty old
Joseph P. Kennedy,ris spending a
fortune on a publicity machine to
make Jack's name as well known
as Secretary of Defense McElroy's
soap. No candidate in history has
ever had so much money spent on
a public relations advance buildup.
3) GOV. MENNEN WILLIAMS
of Michigan -he has confided to
friends that he'll run next year,
but not for re-election for the
seventh time as governor. This
probably means he'll challenge
GOP Sen. Charlie Potter of Michi-
gan for the Senate. Williams, a
Democrat, has made a great re-
cord in Michigan, normally a
Republican state. He is the first
man in history, Republican or
Democrat, to be elected governor
six times. Sitting in the Senate in
Washington, Williams would have
two years to make a national repu-
tation before the 1960 election.
4) Gov. Averell Harriman of New
York-he would be a natural as
Democratic candidate were it not
for one thing-age. Harriman has
made a fine record as governor
of a state which has supplied more
presidents than any other. New

York is a natural springboard for
the presidency.
He could also offset the new
Republican drive to win Negro
votes; because of his long record
as a champion of civil rights. He
has also had experience as Secre-
tary of -Commerce, Ambassador to
England and Russia, and in many
other government posts.
The fact that he is one year
behind Eisenhower in age is his .
chief handicap. However, Harri-
man's skiing and youthful appear-
ance might help offset the calen-
dar. At any rate, his political
adviser, Jim Lannigan, attended
the Democratic Midwest Confer-
ence to take soundings on political
sentiment.
Other possible candidates such
as veteran campaigner Sen. Estes
Kefauver of Tennessee are also
keeping a finger in the political
wind. By 1960, you probably won't
be able to see the trees for the
presidential timber.
* * *
IT WASN'T mentioned in the
press release, but a southerner
drafted the strong civil rights
statement issued .last week by the
Democratic Advisory Council.
He was Camille Gravel, Louisi-
ana Democratic leader, w h o s e
draft was accepted by all members
except North Carolina's Mrs. Ben-
jamin Everett. In fact, the civil
rights issue provokeddonly mild
debate behind closed doors.
Governors Averell Harriman of
New York and Mennen Williams
of Michigan urged a stronger
statement, calling upon Democrats,
in Congress to introduce new civil
rights legislation next year. They
warned that Negroes are deserting
the Democratic party.
Harriman declared that Vice-
President Nixon, by championing
civil rights had become the "Lin-
coln of Harlem." All the Demo-
cratic advisers agreed, however,
that they should not antagonize
the South with a deliberately in-
flammatory statement.
(Copyright 1957 by Bell Syndicate Inc.)

THE ARAB AWAKENING, Arab
. unity, Arab liberation, Arab
nationalism.
These phrases weave their way
daily through news reports from
the Middle East.
The terms represent a new force
in world politics, a new factor in
the search for peace. To cope with
them, the'West must try to under-
stand then'. What do these things
mean?
Unluckily for the West, the
terms defy any full, lucid explari.-
tion. Even the Arabs can't agree
on them.
Recently, I asked Jordan's young
King Hussein, a descendant of the
celebrated Sherif Hussein of the
1915 Arab revolt, a Bedouin and
a monarch who professes Arab na-
tionalism, to explain the terms.
This is his explanation:
"Arab unity is the ultimate as-
piration of Arab nationalism. It
is the final guarantee for a pros-
perous, stable Arab world. A strong
Arab unity is the absolute wall
against communism and a major
guarantee of world peace and
prosperity."
Arab unity means one thing to a
ruler, another to the Arab in the
street.
* I
FOR THE AVERAGE Arab, the
plrase is a rally point for the ex-
pression of a struggle against
hopelessness. It is a dream of a
single Arab nation stretching from
the Persian Gulf to the Atlantic.
For the rulers, the idea of a
one-world Arab federation is some-
thing far, far away in the mists
of the future.
"It is premature to state exactly
what particular form such unity
will take," says King Hussein. "For
the time being we strive for mili-
tary, economic and political unity
of effort similar to the unity now
existing between the Benelux, Bel-
gium, Netherlands, Luxembourg,
customs union countries."
This is a far cry from the dream
which stirs the average Arab to
riotous emotion.
Says Hussein further:d
"The Arab world, administra-
tively speaking, is composed of
four administrative units: The
Fertile Crescent, the Arab Pen-
insula, the Nile Valley ad Arab
North Africa. As an Arab nation-
alist, we visualize very intimate
and close cooperation among states
in each unit, which must lead
necessarily to close cooperation of
the nits themselves."
GIVEN EVERY favorable condi-
tion, Arab unity from the Gulf to,
the Atlantic couldn't be accom-
plished in generations. Unity of
the Fertile Crescent-Iraq, Syria,
Lebanon and Jordan-might be a
different thing. It would make for
economic viability the area could
not hope to achieve in separation,
But who would rule? Who. would
surrender sovereignty?
To the extremist in Syria "lib
eration" means kicking out all
foreign influence. To countries
that produce oil, it means simply
that Western developers avoid any
appearance of encroaching on
sovereignty.,
Yet, for all this, the drive of
Pan - Arabism among the Arab
masses-the awakening to an old
dream of glory lost 12 centuries
ago-is a force to reckon with. A
United States gesture in the direc-
tion of Arab nationalism would
mean little in terms of any effec-
tive Arab action. It would cost
nothing.
But sympathy for the notion of
a re-awakened Arab self-respect
might help make a start toward
recapturing some of America's lost
prestige in this area.
DAILY
OFFICIAL
BULLETIN

The Daily Offcial Bulletin is an
official publication of the Univer-
sity of Michigan for which tho
Michigan Daily assumes no edi-
torial responsibility. Notices should
be sent in TYPEWRITTEN form to
Room 3519 Administration Build-
ing, before 2 p.m. the day preceding
publication. Notices for Sunday
Daily due at 2:00 p.m. Friday.

X

*

ti
°

L.

I.

s,

INTERPRETING THE NEWS:
Down on the Farms'

By OVID A. MARTIN
Associated Press Farm Reporter
W ASHINGTON (P)--Farm and political lead-
ers are speculating about the possibility
that the Eisenhower administration may come
up with income-sweetening revisions in its
farm policies.
Much of the speculation is based on the facts
that next year is another congressional election
year and the Republicans appear to be facing
trouble in vital farming areas, particularly in
their traditional Midwest stronghold.
As of now, there is nothing to indicate that
the administration will propose any sharp
changes in farm programs beyond those already
suggested by Secretary of Agriculture Benson.
These changes have evoked criticism from some
Republican as well as Democratic lawmakers
from farm states.
NEVERTHELESS, there is strong belief
among some farm groups that the political
necessities of the situation will lead the ad-
ministration to advance proposals which would
be designed to brighten the economic outlook
for agriculture.
Benson claims that the farm situation is
looking up, but quite a number of agricultural
as well as poUtical leaders disagree with him.
The secretary says farm income is increasing
for the second consecutive peacetime year,
which, he adds, are the only two such increases
since 1947.

But such farm groups as the National
Grange, the National Farmers Union, the Na-
tional Milk Producers Federation and a newly
organized Conference of Commodity Organiza-
tions have taken issue with the secretary with
regard to agriculture's economic well-being.
All are demanding new programs and methods
of bolstering farm prices and incomes. The only
major farm organization not making such de-
mands is the. American Farm Bureau Federa-
tion.
THE RECENT UPSET victory of William
Proxmire, Democrat, in a Wisconsin Sena-
torial election has been hailed by Democratic
leaders as a rebuff to Benson and administra-
tion farm policies. This Benson says is not true.
Yet, GOP National Chairman Meade Alcoin
has said his party faces a stiff fight to hold
Midwest farm votes.
In a somewhat similar farm economic and
political environment two years ago, the ad-
ministration suddenly modified its policies to
embrace the soil bank program.
This proposal was written into law in 1956
and funds from it were distributed among
farmers before the presidential election was
held in November. Democrats accused the ad-
ministration of adopting the plan for political
purposes.
Top-ranking aides of Benson say that he
plans nothing new in the way's farm program

CHANNEL VIEWS:
Phil Silvers Consistently Funny

LETTERS
to the
EDITOR
Bouquets .. .
To The Editor:
HANK YOU, John R. Pope for
your great letter on "scalping,"
in Saturday's Daily. I agree about
the landlords and merchants being
the only scalpers.
I went broke yesterday and
won't be eating til my GI. bill
check comes in November. I've a
baby, and a wife; I'm trying to
go to school. Since I work on
Saturdays, I sold my book of foot-
ball tickets for $20.
That money helped pay our $95
a month rent for October. We have
a living room, and a kitchen, and
a "John" in our damp basement
apartment.
I hardly think we've cheated
anyone-and would not like to be
accused of lack of loyalty to my
university because I sold my tick-
ets.
--Jonathan Logan, Grad.
And Brickbats . .
To The Editor:
I WON TWO tickets to see The
Beast with Five Fingers at the
Wuerth by picking 14 out of 15
winners in The Daily's Grid Pick
Contest 3 years ago. The only one
I missed was once when Michigan
lost.
Have you ever been to a football
game Mr. Pope? Have you ever
noticed our conspicuous lack of
cheering spirit? It has caused some
people to think that what we need
is coed cheerleaders.
But, as I see it, Mr. Pope, what
we need is you. You and the many
other viruses of apathy on this

By CHARLES EWELL
Daily Television Writer
WITH JONATHAN WINTERS
gone, the only consistently
funny program left on television is
the Phil Silvers show. Some would
maintain that nearly everything
on television is funny, excepting
such delights as Father Knows
Best and I Love Lucy, which are
trying to be; I refer, however, to
conscious humor.
Not only is Phil Silvers the fun-
niest man on TV, but the only
surviving exponent of burlesque,
and the best since the prime of
Groucho Marx.
IT IS A PITY that burlesque has
never been accorded a very full
measure of respect, for there is no
form of humor with a wider range
of appeal. Cynical or dry wit, or
whatever you choose to call it,
will miss the majority of people,
and the privileged enjoy it with a

clever fellow-at his best when he
forgets about guest star competi-
tion with Ed Sullivan, and concen-
trates on his congenial brand of
restrained lunacy - qualifies as
a part time preservator of good
comedy.
He is extremely fortunate in his
associates, as zany a bunch as
you're likely to see these days. The
show has constantly improved as
the mimicry of Sullivan's sorry
forma, has given way to Allen and
his madcaps.
DINAH SHORE'S first hour
show of the season pointed up the
fallacy of this type of program.
Everything went beautifully while
Dinah was singing, but an hour re-
quires a lot of padding between
three or four songs, and neither
she nor her guests had much to
offer in the interims.
Dinah and Nanette Fabray gave
it their all, but Dinah's all was not
enough, and Nanette's was far too
much. Buffoonery by Danny

of "gala showmanship," she is
badly overextended.
* * *
The adaptation by Playhouse 90
of Robert Graves' They Hanged
My Saintly Bill was entirely en-
gaging. The subject of the book
was a-colorful character, Dr. Wil-
liam Palmer, who was suspected
of poisoning thirteer of his pa
tients (including his wife), to ob-,
tain their insurance or cancel his
debts, which, due to his addiction
to gambling, were numerous.
The suspicion became so strong
that they hanged him, to the dis-
may of his bizarre and doting
mother.
THE SUBJECT adapted nicely
to its treatment as a morbid farce.
Jack Lemmon as the doctor played
it to the hilt, and if he occasion-
ally overdid, he was so funny that
one didn't mind. He had admirable
support, most notably from Gladys
Cooper as his mother and Robert

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