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STUDENT PUBLICATIONS BLDG. ! ANN ARBOR, MICH. * Phone NO 2-3241
be Michigan Daily exp ress the. individual opinions of staff writers or
the editors. This must he noted in all reprints.
NIGHT EDITioR: RICHARD TAUB
HERE ARE always problems to be solved in the process of ada
a successful book to the medium of the film, problems tha
greater when the book is more social commentary than exciting
Fortunately, these problems are much more easily overcon
such countries as France and England, where movie audiences
entertainment of a more subtle and substantial nature than the
many-peopled spectacles of Hollywood.
The directors of "The French They Are a Funny Race" had
difficulties in translating Pierre Daninos' best-selling "The Note
WLAND'S labor legisla-,
ch he described in part
uditorium rally, should
ecause they may be mo-
onsiderations, e.g., the
ntiment resulting from
btee hearings and Gov.
tesitating support of la-
Knowland outlined last
for "union democracy,"'
ze Teamsters Union cer-
uch remains to be done'
presentative unions be-
American labor move-'
wland may not have the
e of labor's best friends
es no criticism of honest
islation designed to pre-
ption which the McClel-
vn to be at least possible
alent under present laws
along with efforts by them at domination and
self-perpetuation of leadership. But it aims at
a potentially dangerous situation, one which
may well be at the heart of the Teamsters'
problem, and Congress should give serious at.-
tention to the question of "paper locals."
Two proposals Sen. Knowland made may
pose serious problems in effecting. No believer
in democracy could quarrel with his proposal
that minority members of unions be freed from
fear of reprisal for their positions in union
meetings. And enforcement problems should
not stand in the way of attempts to secure this_
The suggestion that strikes be called only by
secret ballot of the membership, while based on
a worthy ideal, might prove too cumbersome
and restrictive of union freedom to respond to
changing situations for it to be of real bene-
fit to/he rank and file. Perhaps the goal of
such legislation would be better achieved
through other of Senator Knowland's propos-
als aimed at insuring greater responsiveness of
union leadership to members' desires.
: 91 a
iJ njF ' ft
.t- 3Y .
,tiy': ,' '1
F one believes that
romote the inter-
that the merbers
position to' know
ts, with many of
1 by secret
1 not elim.
ons for the
nds be obi
WHILE, on the whole, the Knowland "union
* democracy" plan is a sound one, it should
not be confused with other of the Senator's
proposals in the areas of political contributions
and the closed shop. These attempt not to
make unions more democratic but to weaken
their economic and pollitical power vis-a-vis
business in a way which might give the latter
an excessively strong hand. But we would add'
to suggestions for "Union; democracy" another,
thought - that laws which permit unions
"closed shop" privileges are "unfair to employ-
ers and to other working men when they are.
accompanied by membership policies which re-
strict the numbers and types of union mem-
bers. Senator Knowland might do well to in-
clude in his "union democracy" program some
provision making unions open to all, with-.
out restriction through high initiation fees,
hereditary apprenticeship plans or racial bar-,
Sittingf on A PowderKeg
By DREW PEAR.SON
al that national
ie power to take.
approval of the,
Iged sword, pre-
Queen for a Stay
4 visit of ,ier Majesty, Quee
s at a particularly fortuitot
andpoint of Anglo-America
viet satellite has servedf
s and Americans more cor
ed for a common defen
reats, and there is nothin
ung monarch to facilita
1 this modern egalitarian day an
e is a sanctity, attached to royall
was never able to attain in its he3
sands of citizens of the United Stat
England expressly, for the purpose t
Her Majesty's coronation a few yea
several millions more watched it o
Kings, so often termed remnants
d age, are still 'revered throughoi
1; people follow their, every.mo
hen King Paul and ~Queen Frederik
visited this country recently, th
e crowds in every city, and this in
which prides itself on being a de
Even'-so unlikely a monarch as En
le Selassie of Ethiopia draws respe
tion by the mere fact of his royalt
'ERESTING to note that those coui
Europe which have retained the
such as Britain, Belgium, the Nett
nd the Scandinavian countries, ha
most stable in recent history. The
n be a restraining, stabilizing infli
en ence emanating from even the most limited
us constitutional monarch. In addition, a number
n of new countries" have established monarchies,
to Malaya being the most recent and conspicuous.
se In fact, although the institution of mon-
ag archy is regarded by political theorists and the
te people in general as a rather useless symbol
of bygone days, it may be serving as 9 rally-
id ing point for the populace in crises. A visible
ty person, who will' be titular head of state no
y_ matter how the next election goes, is an ex-
es cellent focus for national unity. Where Britons'
of may split on Gaitskell and 'MacMillan, they
rs agree on Queen Elizabeth; here, mere exis-
n tence sums up 900 years of British history, re-
of= calling that nation's past glory. In the United
ut States, only former Presidents Herbert Hoover
and Harry Truman in'any way serve this func-
tion. Neither may be, said to excite the same
ey kind of loyalty in the same degree as Queen
e- .'Perhaps, as recent critics of the Queen have
n- charged, she should improve her speaking style,
ct should conform more to the popular will in
y. this and other respects. However, it is more'
likely that the Queen, being by nature "above"
n- the British peoples, should instead serve a
,. higher use, gnd be a person serenely untouched
h- by the pommon 'everyday cares, to whom all
ve Britons can look for courage and strength, and
re on whom they can depend.
WASHINGTON - In any "re-
appraisal" of American for-
eign policy, no matter how "agon-
izing," we have to face the fact
that the Near East today is the
most explosive area in the world.
Anything can happen there. When
and if it happens, the flame could.
reduce the world to a cinder.
A move by the Turkish Army on
Aleppo, Syria, which almost took
place six weeks ago; could be the
Sarajevo to spark World War III.
Or war could be sparked by a Syr-
ian move to take over Jordan, act-
ing covertly for Moscow. World
War III, however, would not be a
long, drawn-out affair, fought in
trenches and foxholes. It would be..
over in weeks or days, and there
might not be much left except the
smoking ruins of civilization.
* * *
T H A T'S W H Y Khruschev's
blunt warning that "If War breaks
out we are near Turkey and you
are not." is so important. It's also
why the equally blunt warning of
the State Department that "de-'
spite distances he (Khrushchev)
should be under. no illusion that
the United States, Turkey's friend
and ally, takes lightly its obliga-
tion under the. North Atlantic
In other words, the chips are
down. The two biggest nations in
the world have served notice on
each other that one move by the
other means war.
Having just come back from this
crucial area, I can report that the
chance of a covert move is strong.
It might be made by agents pre-
sumably acting for Russia. Or it
might be made by agents presum-;
ably acting for the United States.
Right now, 10 Syrians are about
to go on trial in Damascus for al-
legedly conspiring with members
of the United States Embassy
against the pro-Russian Syrian
military regime. I do not believe
they did so, but a great many Ar-
abs believe otherwise. If such an
agent assassinated the leader of
the pro-Russian Syrian regime-
and assassination is easy in Arab
countries-it might touch the
match to the war we want to
Or if King Hussein of Jordan,
friend of the United States, should
be assassinated by Syrian or Pal-
estinian agents, it might also sup-
ply the match.
* * *
IF HE TOPPLES, his shaky
kingdom unquestionably would be
united to Syria to extend the Rus-
sian bloc right down to the Gulf
of Aqaba near the Euez canal and
not far from oil-rich Saudi Arabia.
It might also mean a Russian-
blessed union between pro-Russian
Syria and pro-Russian Egypt by
absorbing Jordan between them.
Or again the assassination of
King Saud might supply the
match. Two attempts on his life
have already been made this year.
" THINK it ought to be clear
now," writes Harry Truman,
. that the Communist rulers
are more concerned with
keeping themselves in power than
with the peace of the world."
Mind you, "now"; and who
could write an entire book that
would say more, in retrospect,
about the foreign policy of the
Reason why these i n c i d e n t s
might involve the United States is,
first, the "Eisenhower Doctrine/',
which served notice that intrusion
on these areas in tantamount to
Reason for the Doctrine is oil-
70 per cent of the world's known
resources. With that oil in Russian
hands, Moscow eventually would
control Western Europe, thereby,
undoing years of American effort,
millions in Marshall Plan aid, and
carefully built-up NATO protec-
tion from Communism.
The United States would prob-
ably fight in order to keep Near
East oil out of Russian hands.
And Russia says, in effect, that it
:too would fight if Turkey 'starts
any move to prevent that oil from.
getting into Russian hands.
That was virtually what Khrush-
chev spelled out in his blunt
warning that Turkey "would not
last 24 hours."
Turkey is 'the initial key to war
and peace. Sitting astride the. Bos-
porus, blocking Russian egress
from the Black Eea, covetediby the
Czars for centuries, Turkey has
been bolstered by the Truman
BUT LEAPFROGGING right
over Turkey, Russia has now built
up a new satellite-ally in Syria,
where it has dumped more Czecho-
slovak arms than the Syrian Army
could use for 10 years-a poten-
tial supply base for Russian "vol-
'unteers" on a drive toward the
oil of the Near East. .
There was a time, a few years
ago, when our warning to Russia
would have stopped further in-
trusion. But today, Russia has
the ICBM and the earth satel-
lite, and is playing from strength.
f (Copyright 1957 by Bell syndicate Inc.)
of Major Thompson" to the
screen; they overcame some of
those difficulties, probably be-
cause they were producing for a
As a xesult, the average Amer-
ican audience would probably find
this film partially boring and par-
tially hilarious - with the em-
phasis on the latter.
* * *
"THE FRENCH They Are a'
Funny Race" is indeed a funny
film. It represents (or condenses)
the observations of a proper Eng-
lishman, living across the chan-
nel in France, as he views the
typical Frenchman's day-to-day
Major Thompson's commentary'
is perceptive and often embar-
rassing for the Frenchman-and
certainly entertaining to - the
French, for the original book was
for several years one of the most
popular on sale in France.
As a result, the film is com-
posed of short sections of Major
Thompson's commentary, as dic-
tated to. a secretary,. strung to-
gether with a loose and somewhat
unnecessary plot relating to 'the
Major's home life - which, inci-
dentally, leads him finally to a
greater understanding of the'
people he writes about and brings
him to a wish that he might not
have said so much after all.
MOST enjoyable comment on
the contemporary French is the
discussion 'of the various types
of impermeable windows (as a
teller's window in a bank), some-
thingewhich has to be seen to be
Jack Buchanan plays the major
with some dignity, but his role-
asks little from him other than
in narration. Martine Carol is the
major's wife; she probably finds
this role the least sexy of all
she has ever played in (unless the
present version Is an edited one
But the plot and the actors are
only secondary here; the analysis
of the Frenchman and his ways is
the intriguing and thoroughly en-
joyable highlight of "The French
They. Are a Funny Race."
A Plea ...
To the Editor:,
A VOLKSWAGEN is not a play-
thing. It' is not built to be lev-
ered anywhere except at two spe-
cific points-one on either side,
where two small slots have been
designed to receive a jack.
Lifting a Volkswagen by either
bumper injures the suspension sys-
tem. The- poor little car has no
frame to fall back on in self-de-
fense. It has been designed for
someone in neeu of reliable trans-
portation, but unable to afford a
luxurious home on wheels.
Consequently, an owner, such
as myself, suffers real injury when
his car is needlessly injured by
unthinking young men pursuing
Friday evening, just as Michi-
gan students were returning from
the pep rally, I went to my 1r,
parked on State St. near the Un-
ion. I found a group of eager stu-
dents 'lifting it over the curb and
beckoning to the passing crowd
for more help. Theirplay had been
temporarily halted by a steel pole
beside the car.
They apparently were set on
moving 'it somehow around the
pole and higher onto the grass. As
I approach the car, they joyously
greeted me as a potential helper.
They seemed stunned when I un-
lqcked the door, backed it into the
street and drove it away. I didn't
wait to see if disappointment re-
placed the empty looks.
* * *
NOT UNTIL I had parked my
car in an all-night spot did I find
that the running board on the
right side had been bent in and
up, so that the door would not
open. Had I not interrupted these
blythe young collegians, I might
not have been able to drive the
car away at all.
I haven't had time to examine
the underside of the car yet. Any
other damage thatmay have re-
aulted fromr' this prank will per-
haps never reveal itself directly.
But it may bring about an un-
warranted expense later.
My plea is directed, not to the
reasonable beings who wouldn't
allow a surging mass of humanity
to excite them to unreasonable-
. a -c.n+r n' a a h ._c ni ,,t+a1 w
Hoss Op era
"3:10 TO YUMA," now playing at
the State Theater is a treat.
This is especially surprising be-
cause it is a frank, unpretentious
western, compounded out of the
standard cowbody movie ingred-
ients. Yet the dramat tension that
is generated in this film by the
time goodness and justice finally
triumph is extraordinary.
The sophisticated popcorn muh
cher who is normally unimpressed
with the wild west may find him-
self embarrassed at the excitement
with which he views the final ex-
plosive gunbattle scenes.
There are- sufficient inadequacies
in "3:10 to Yuma" to keep it for-
ever out of the realm of cinema
classics, but these shortcomings
may be easily disregarded. The
plot itself is contrived and uncon
vincing when you think abut it.
But no one does; the drama is en-
thraling. Arizonian atmosphere Is
provided by cardboard cactus, but
even this artificiality of back-
ground is overlooked because the
action in the foreground is always
YUMA is about the struggle of
several honest little people, chlefil
Van Heflin, to bring a badman to
justice. They've already caught
their villain, Ben Wade, the .dan-
gerous leader of a band of outlaws.
Theji problem is delivering him
to a jail-from which his loyal gang
of disciples would be unable to
rescue him. In order to accomplish
this, they must somehow get Wade
on the 3:10 train leaving for Yuma
before his trusty followers find out
where this small body of ineffec-
tual keepers has him hidden.
Ben Wade, played by lock-jawed
Glenn Ford, is a captivating vil-
lain with a heart of tarnished gold
and a. keen sense of Yuma. Van
Heflin shines in his portrayal of a
struggling rancher faced with the
problems of duty and conscience
AT f iRST, his only interest in
apprehending Wade is the 200 dol
lar reward promised him. His posi-
tion as a good citizen Is shaken
considerably by Wade's tempting
offers of a far greater bonus. All
he need do is consent to lower him
rifle long enough for Wade to es-
cape from the hotel room where
he is being kept until the Yuma
The pace never slows down un-
til the very end, when Frankie
Lame's -nasal intnation of the
theme song gives the audience its
first chance to catch its breath.
The Daily Official Bulletin is an
official publication of the Univer-
'sity of. Michigan for which the '
Michigan ,,Daily assumes-no edi-
torial responsibility. Notices should
be sent in TYPEWRIT'EN form to
Room. 3519 Administration Build-
ing, before 2 p.m. the day preceding
publication. Notices for Sunday
Daily due at 2:00 p.m. Friday.
TUESDAY, OCTOBER 15, 1957
VOL. LXVIII, NO. Z4
Dr. Jules H. Masserman, professor o
neurology _and psychiatry at North-
western University, will present a Uni.
versity Lecture on Tues. Oct. 15 at 8:0(
p.m. in the Auditorium of Children's
Psychiatric Hospital. The title ilb
Experimental Psychiatry" Sponsored
by the Department of Psychatry.
The fourth of the Thomas Spencer
Jerome Lectures will be given on Wed.
Oct. 16 in the Rackham Amphitheater
at 4:15 p.m. Professor Adcock's subject
will be "The Age of Revolution."
Schools of Business Administration
Education, Music, Natural Resources
and Public Health:
Students whoareceived marks of I, X 0r
'no reports' at the end of their last
semester or summer session of atten
dance will' receive a grade of "E'' in
the course or courses unless this work
is made up. In the School of Music
this date is by Oct. 17. In the School
of Business Administration,Education
Natural Resources and Public Health
this date is by Oct. 19. Stude ts wish-
ing an extension of 'time beyond thes
dates in order to make up this work
should file a petition, addressed to the
appropriate official of their School
with Room 1513, Administration Build
ing where it will be transmitted.
Admission Test for Graduate Stud:
in Business: Candidates for this tes
THE CULTURE BIT:
Three Banjos, Nine Guitars
By DAVID NEWMWAN
ZTLY AGO, Prime Minister Kwame
-umah of Ghana declared his intention
>end his country's constitution and bring
under martial law, if necessary, to main-
action would, in effect, put ,the country
'arily under a dictator, the dictator being
'ime Minister himself. This threatened
provides more than a little insight into
siness of making a primitive democratic
ment work in modern times,
na and Malaya both received their inde-
ice from Great Britain this year-Ghana
spring, Malaya in August. Both face
'e is the problem of multi-racial differ-
of opinion. In Malaya, the majority of
pulation is Moslem. However, the non-
a portion of the population, the Chinese,
violently everything they can interpret
ng biased against them. On the eve of
granted independence, agitators in the
y were attempting to stir up a riot
n Chinese and Malayans.
stand against the rest of the country. And
faced with a violent expression of criticism from
the. Northern Tribes, Nkcrumah set forth his
position saying, "Even a system based on social
justice and a democratic constitution may need
backing up during the period following inde-
pendence byemergency measures of the totali-
If this thinking' is carried over to Malaya,
which is now about four months behind Ghana,
the world will be faced with two countries
fallaciously believing themselves to.be-" demo-
Nkrumah speaks of justice but neglects to
realize that democratic freedom means justice
under law and a constitution, and not justice as
interpreted by the chief executive.
He must realize that if Ghana's Constitution
can be put aside by the whims of the party in
power, it is not the constitution of a democratic
country, but rather a guilded, but farcical, ideal
set before the general population by a totali-
GHANA'S TROUBLE can be called one of
having won their independence too easily.
Had it come as the -result of fighting and blood-
shed instead of diplomatic maneuvering per-
haps the country as a whole would not take the
is . ,..,« a.«.5..t .« . + ,;.1. noi - t la ;"t -
THE FOLK-SONG addict is a
peculiar creature, given to
beards, banjos and ballads. He can
be found in the dim stacks of the-
library, pouring over ancient canon
collections compiled by fifteenth
century monks. He can be found
hunched over his guitar chanting,
He can be found in dim corners
of apartment parties, proclaiming
gleefully that he ha's discovered
nine surpressed verses of "Sweet
Betsy from Pike."
And now he can be found in a
new University organization, the
U. of M. Folklore Society.
Before the formation of the So-
ciety, folksingers on campus drifted
around and about, meeting mostly
at coops to share and swap their
latest discoveries. The "community
sing" spirit prevailed. It was fun,
but apparently not satisfying
enough for'the real folk buffs. The
formal consolidation of all this
activitiy is the Folklore Society.
* * *
WE TALKED to Bruce Bevel-
heimer, a teaching fellow in math,
and one of the original founders of
+a c-l.. millh hPP- s n .t pe.5o-
learn or to brush up on their tech-
nique." The group has also made
forays into the construction of odd
but easy-to-make istruments, like
the Israeli chalil (a bamboo flute)
and the steel drum. This.activity
will be stepped up during the com-
Members occasionally do re-
search into background materials,
sometimes to illuminate their
songs. Encouraging this kind of
activity, the Society may utilize it
by publishing a folklore journal,
complete with music and annota-
The emphasis at all times is the
finding and presentation of "new"
songs. Students air their discover-
ies, swap them for others, and
teach them to the rest.
* * *
BOTH SOLO chortling and
group singing have their place
during the folk-sings, but mem-
bers need have no experience in
the field. "At a typical meeting,"
Bevelheimer explained, "we get
about nine guitars and three ban-
jos, all going together.
Everybody joins in, unless soifie-
nn is s1in oa na n nmhr At
says to somebody, 'Do you know
such and such a song?'
'No, I don't really,' is the an-
swer, 'Just a few verses.'
"Forty-nine verses later, the
singer gets tired and quits. Then
somebody else leads the whole
group in a tune they've all learned.
Every once and a while somebody
will get up and start a dance. It's
all pretty spontaneous."
Certainly, good times are had by,
all, and if this is your speed, you'll
look hard to find a better outlet.
Blues sessions, work songs, ballads,
German lullabies-all have been
aired in the past. At one recent
meeting, someone offered 'up an
authentic Voodoo chant.
SO, FOR THE folky at' heart,
everything is made to order. Fin-
ally, in the works is a Pete Seeger
concert later in the year. This is
comporable to the Young Republi-
cans getting Eisenhower to speak
at a meeting.
The Folklore Society holds its
membership meeting this Thurs-
day, October 17, at 7:30 p.m. in
the ;Union. Business to be discus-
sed: "fol-de-rol diddles" to follow.
* * *
ANA, the upcountry
bout one--quarter of