le Investigation Urged
ep. Senator Knowland
'EAKS AT RALLY:
Know land Proposes-
Labor Union Controls
cuedl from Page 1)
e to a question, Sen.
fused to say that he
n against Vice-Presi-
M. Nixon for the Re-
xon were a candidate.
hat he had supported
ry of State Christian
ear, and was a per-
of the vice-president.
rila's Gov. Goodwin
[arold Stassen worked
1," he added.
his impending flght
iight for California's
ial nomination next
nowland said he ex-
rt from the rank and
as he had been sup-
e workers in previous
- for rank and file
" .. Too much security?
ated his advocacy of a,
ork law in his hom'e
ng that national union
ve too much power, and
embers of unions should
ger share of control over
ns. However, he did not
,ional right-to-work law.
ator, who is now draft-
o regulate the spending
ney by unions for politi-
es, did not. know if the
apply specifically to a
ram sponsored by the
to Workers in Detroit,
t he was unfamiliar with
trying to avert the use
i favor of one candidate
: the other," he said.
the senator would not
favored brin'ging Com-
speak at universities,
under university auspices. "That's
out of my province," he said.
Pn the international scene, Sen.
Knowland felt that Marshal Tito
of Yugoslavia always had been
and would be a communist with
close ties to the Soviet Unior;' and
his break with Russia hadI been
more apparent than real. (Tito
offered to recognize the govern-
ment of East -Germany earlier yes-
"Tito has always opposed -collec-
tive security measures with the
West," he said. "He voted with the
Communist bloc on the Korean
question in the United Nations,
and agair-on the Hungarian. issue.
Perhaps we should have spent
some of the money we spent on
Tito on our missile development,"
(Continued from Page 1)
He pointed out that laws were
necessary at the turn of the cen-
tury to protect the public from
concentration of power in indus-
try ",that acted in restraint of
The senator went on to say thpt
power to control the economic life
of 168 million Americans is "too
much power for ally .respionsiblb
group in business or labor to want
and it is far too much power for
any irresponsible group in either
business or labor to have."
He warned that the' "goldfish
bowl" nature of the United States
enables the Comipunist press
abroad to give emphasis to "cer-
tain local events" in this coun-
try and make them "appear as be-
ing representative of our entire
~Reading fromh a prepared text
during most of the address, Sen.
Knowland reviewed accomplish-
nMents of the recent Congr ss and
the Eisenhower Administration
since it came to power in 1953.
Sen. Knowland described the
civil rights legislation passed in
the last session of Congress as
"historic" and only those who re-
alize that it is the only such
measure enacted in 82 years "can
appreciate its significance."
"It seemed to me that the time
had come to give the 48 states .. .
and the 96 senators ... a chance
to debate, to vote, and to deter-
mine this great question of public
policy . .
Saying the problem was not
easy because the Republicans, be-
ing a minority, did not control
the machinery' of Congress, he
said the key issue came on placing
the issue on the Senate calendar.
The issue before Congress, Sen.
Knowland exclaimed, was wheth-
er the Constitution applies in all,
sections of the nation and wheth-
er the 15th -Amendment can be
nullified in certain areas.
"Basically, the states, have the
right to determine voting quali-
fications but once the qualifica-
tions are established they must be
applied equally and to all the citi-
zens," he explained.
In international affairs, Sen.
Knowland said the Eisenhower
Administration "with bi-partisan
cooperation by the Congress, has
strengthened the collective de-
fense system which had its start
under bi-partisan sponsorship un-
der the previous Administration."
Increase in Communists'
He noted the large increase in
Communist dominated peoples
since the end of World War II
and said that the executive and
Congress have made attempts at
not permitting the free world to
be "nibbled away bit by bit."
He cited the Mutual, Defense
Pact with the Republic of China
on Formosa and the Southeast
Asia Pact as examples of the Ad-
ministration's action In this area.
Actions of the present Admin-
istration were contrasted with
previous Administrations by the
Administration of Integrity
Since President Dwight D.
Eisenhower took over, he said,
"We have had live years of peace
with honor, three successive bal-
anced budgets, our economy out
from under OPA controls, a tax
cut in 1954 of seven billion dol-
lars, ....an Administration of in-
tegrity, the largest peacetime em-
ployment in th'e nation's history."
The Roman senate gained con-
trol of the republic's foreign pol-
icy by effectively exercising power
at its disposal when Hannibal's
armies threatened Rome, Sir
Frank E. Adcock told a lecture
Prof. Adcock, former professor
of ancient history at Cambridge
University and well-known author
of books on Greece and Rome,
was presenting his talk on "The
Authority of the Senate," third in
a series on Roman political insti-
tutions, this year's Thomas Spen-'
cer Jerome lectures.
At the time of the war with
Carthage, Prof. Adcock explained,'
it was necessary for the senate to
control diplomacy, finance and
troop movement. Since the war
lasted 60 years, senate control of
these areas became accepted.
Independent generals and war-
ring families complicated domes-
ic politics and were the objects of
a popular reaction bolstering the
senate's power. Scipio needed sen-
ate support to prevail over oppo-
nents of his eventually success-
ful tactics for winning the war
"No legislation was ever en-
acted to thus increase the power
of the senate in matters of poli-
cy," Prof. Adcock pointed out.
, Prof. Adcock's fourth lecture,
to be presented tomorrow at 4:15
in the Rackham Amphitheatre,
will continue where yesterday's
left off. It will be entitled "The
Age of Revolution."
'U' Regents Attend
Four-members of the Univer-
sity Regents are attending a
meeting of the Association of
Governing Board of State Uni-
versities and Allied Institutions at
the University of Colorado, in
The Association's 35th annual
meeting deals with the problems
of state universities and colleges.
Over 150 members of governing
boards, coming from 30 states, are
attending the four-day conclave.
Michigan's representatives are:
Carl Brablec; Alfred B. Connable;
Eugene B. Power, and Mrs. Irene,
The traditional business maxim
that teamwork pays off in the of-
fice as well as on the playing
fields must now be qualified.
A report from the University's
Survey Research Center discloses
that the attitude of the group to-
ward their company is equally im-
When a closely-knit group feels
the company has their best inter-
ests at heart they demonstrate ex-
On the other hand, when a co-
hesive team felt insecure in their
jobs production tailed off.
Another finding of the center
concerns the value of getting
along with others.
Often, the social scientists dis-
covered, supervisors who show
little real concern for their work-
ers still achieve high production
totals by demonstrating their
ability to get things done with
higher management. The result-
ing 'respect can be far more con-
structive than friendly relations
with the workers.
However, Prof. Robert Kahn;
human relations program direc-
tor, points out the responsibility
for hearing supervisors' com-
plaints and recommendations lies
with the management.
Delegation of authority was
likewise . investigated. Research
disclosed that little difference
need occur between the produc-
tivity of a group where authority
is delegated down and one in
which tight control is exercised.
The primary benefit to delegation
of authority would appear to be
an increase in morale.
Kahn explained,? "Those in the
tightly controlled group produced
- despite resentment - because
they felt they had no other, al-
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ENGINEERS - PHYSICISTS
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concerned with the charting of courses into areas
heretofore unexplored. The nature of our work
ranges from the development of complete sys-
tems for fadar, counter-measures, data reduc-
tion, computers, and communications to basic
research and weapons systems analysis.
To encourage free, unhamipered activity,
Melpar has developed a unique basis of organ-
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to apply your engineering knowledge and talent
to actual problems as soon as you join our
organization, without undergoing a formal train-
As a member of one of our project teams,
composed of individua#s having varied levels of
experience, you will enjoy freedom and a team
spirit found only in a young organization of our
size. Each project group is charged with respon-
sibility for solving problems from conception
of idea through construction of prototype.
This system fosters your career, because it
affords you the satisfaction of utilizing your
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you the diversified experience necessary for
eventual managerial responsibilities.
Our dynamic growth (we have doubled in
size every 24 months for the past 11 years)
constantly creates new middle and top. level
openings; our policy of individual recognition
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and to receive financial compensation limited
only by your ability.
You can select your fields of interest at
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tually the entire electronip spectrum - we are
presently engaged in ,nore. than 90 different
Alone of all U.S. cities, Washington, D.'C.
and its suburbs are devoid of industrial conges-
tion. Melpar, located on a 44 acre wooded tract
in Fairfax County, Virginia, is traffic free min-
utes from lovely homes and apartments. The
capital city with its world renowned cultural and
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