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April 18, 1958 - Image 4

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Michigan Daily, 1958-04-18

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iSjg Lichgau- &tilg
Sixty-Eighth Year

hen Opinions Are Free
Truth Will Prevail"

Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily ex press the individual opinions of staff writers
or the editors. This mus t be noted in all reprints.
University Can Mitigate
15l D
1954 FaclyDismissals Boner

tit, lll li

N MAY, 1954, three University faculty mem-
bers were summarily suspended by University
President Harlan Hiatcher after they had re-
fused to testify before the U.S. House Un-
American Activities Committee.
Later, one of the men, Prof. Clement Markert,
as reinstated. The other two men, Prof. Mark
Nickerson and H. Chandler Davis, were dis-
missed - Prof. Nickerson, despite two faculty
committees' recommendations to the contrary.
Almost four years later the American Asso-
clation of University Professors has come out
with a thorough report of what had happened
during that period, and it further points out
that the dismissals of the two men and the
summary suspension of all three "were incon-
sistent with the principles of academic freedom
and tenure." In short, the men received a bad'
The timing of the report is important. There
are some who think the report is now virtually
worthless-the equivalent of closing the barn
door after the horse is stolen. They maintain
that 1954 was an almost hysterical time, and
that a great many university faculty members
were treated most unfairly. They want to know
where the AAUP was then, and why it did not
provide help when help was really needed.
There is some validity to these complaints.
But the value of the 'current report should not
be underrated. In some ways, it is far better
to provide the report now, when some of the
smoke has cleared. It is probably a great deal
more rational than any such thing would have
been at. the time of the event.
Further, it is in times of quiet that provisions
should be instituted, which will guarantee fair
procedures in times of very great stress. The
administration may be more receptive to sug-
gestions and criticism than it was in 1954.
FINALLYthe men who were dismissed are
still working somewhere, and perhaps cer-
tain miscarriages of justice can still be miti-
The deprivation of severance pay to these two
sen represents the most clear-cut example of
improper treatment, and at the same time it
is something which ,can be easily remedied.
The AAUP report says, "It is customary for
colleges and universities to pay to members of
their faculty dismissed for cause, not involving
moral turpitude, salary for a year after notifi-
cation of dismissal."
The University failed to pay both Prof.
Nickerson and Davis any form of severance pay.
Prof. Nickerson, who ordinarily was paid on
a full year basis because he taught summer
school, did not even receive his summer pay the
year he was dismissed. - %
The University is especially culpable here,
for both men were dismissed far too late in
the year to have the opportunity to find other
The faculty has twice made efforts to get the
University to pay the men what eally should
be their due. The Regents have taken no action
in this area.
Apparently, the Regents are following the
policy considerably more popular in this country
in 1954 than at present "People who disagree
with us have no rights."
THE DISMISSAL of Prof. Nickerson was cer-
tainly out of order. For one thing, his status
was quite similar to that of Prof. Markert who
was reinstated. And as the faculty committees
recommended Markert's re-instatement, they
also recommended Nickerson's. In Prof. Nicker-
son's case, two faculty committees recommended
his reinstatement after long and careful studies.
President Hatcher chose to bypass their sugges-
tions in the matter. Instead, he leaned on a
report from the medical school executive com-
mittee which recommended Markert's dismissal,
The committee was upset because "Prof. Nick-
erson has never denounced the Communist
Party and will not do so now. He repeatedly
stated that he believed in the principles of
communism as taught when he was a member
and he continues to defend their doctrines."

But Prof. Markert, who was reinstated, also
admitted that he still held many of the political
and economic views he had held when he was
a Communist. His dissatisfaction with the
party, it seems, stemmed not from its political
ideals, but rather from the way it was governed.
President Hatcher's action seems to have been
somewhat motivated by a desire to appease
public hysteria. This inconsistency points this
And his reliance on the medical school execu-
tive committee report pan be questioned. If one
is to judge by the activities of the American
Medical Association, this group of seven MD's
was at least an ultra-conservative organization.
Further, no question was ever raised about
Prof. Nickerson's teaching or scientific abilities.
DAVIS' CASE is the most difficult to evaluate,
The faculty twice did recommend his dis-
missal, because they detected "dishonesty" and
"lack of candor." However, President Hatcher
recommended his dismissal because he suspected
that Davis was a Communist. The AAUP report
found no conclusive evidence that Davis was
a Communist after studying all the reports used
for the President's decision.
If this was the reason for his dismissal, we
find it completely unjustified. As the AAUP
pointed it in 4 1956 resolution, membership
alone in the Communist Party should not be
considered justifliable grounds for the dismissal
of any faculty member. As long as he teaches
his classes honestly, as long as he does not
advocate overthrow of the government, or sub-
version, we see no reason why a teacher's poli-
tical beliefs should be a basis for dismissal.
It is interesting to note that all three men
taught either science or mathematics. We sus-
pect there really was not too much time for
them to teach politics in the classroom.
The summary suspensions also deserve criti-
cism. The report says the President did not act
within his authority when he suspended the
men. Whether he did or not is relatively unim-
portant. What is significant is that he saw
failure to testify before a congressional investi-
gating committee as grounds for suspension.
This is a rather narrow view, especially since
the writers of our constitution saw fit to protect
the individual by giving him the right not to
testify. The President is automatically assuming
some kind of guilt on the part of the individual,
when often it was very high, if misguided,
principles which lead these people to stand on
the fifth amendment.
AT ANY RATE, the report shows just what
can happen in a time of near hysteria. That
President Hatcher was scared as were a great
many other administrators throughout the
country there can be no doubt.
Further, one of the men who did not testify
was reinstated, a rare occurrence at that time
for state universities.
And there were attempts-sincere attempts-
at fair treatment of the three men, although
some hurried revisions of regulations toward
this end seem to have been patently unsuccess-
And the University did follow the procedures
which had been devised by the faculty.
The AAUP report is valuable in that it points
up many of the issues.
The University did not treat these men fairly.
But this was mitigated by some good intentions
and the atmosphere in which it had to work.
But there are still things tobe done. In the
first place, both men should be given severance
pay. This would at least help to show that the
administration was acting in good faith, if
Second, procedures should be established
which will guarantee professors fair treatment
if any such situation occurs again.
Finally, and most important, the administra-
tion shoifld make absolutely clear its position
on such cases for the future.


, ~t
7c" v
'f' . L".'4
wr4sMlwt '' co.

'Run Silent, Run Deep'
Tense, Exciting
IF A ONE-WORD description of "Run Silent, Run Deep" must be
made, unquestionably the word is "tense." A filh predominantly
dealing with submarine life during war will perforce have a compressed,
tense character. This is dictated by the limited nature of -the loca-
tion, and the continual state of emergency in which a submarine pa-
trol operates.
Burt Lancaster is cast as a naval officer who has a submarine to
command. He has the respect of the crew and a clear knowledge of the
requirements of the task. Suddenly, it becomes known that the com-
mand is to be given to someone else.
This new officer is played by Clark Gable. He has lost his sub-
marine and crew in some unexplained action in the Pacific, in a region
where several subs have been destroyed.
There develops a certain antagonism between Lancaster and Gable,
as one might expect. In our first glimpse- of Gable, when Lancaster
drops in to ask for a "transfer," we see him pruning a tree, looking
like someone out of "Gone With The Wind."
But this early impression soon fades. Once aboard ship, Gable
begins to resemble a cross between Captain Queeg and Captain Ahab.
He obviously has something big on his-mind, and he has a curious ob-
session: the crew must learn to dive the sub in thirty-three seconds.
Turns out to be a certain method in this naval madness, for after
sinking a Japanese tanker, the boys proceed to polish off an ac-
companying destroyer by firing a couple of torpedos as it approaches
them head-on, then diving fast, before they ram the wreckage.
NOW EVERYBODY is happy. The Captain is the hero, and even the
malcontents among the officers and crew are satisfied for the mo-
With this newly-learned skill, Gable points his sub for the Straits
where he lost the other ship, to sink the enemy destroyer responsile.
From here it gets pretty hectic, as tempers begin to shorten under
the strain of battle, and Gable finally meets the sought destroyer, and
an unforseen menace.
"Run Silent, Run Deep," is something of a change from the cur-
rent crop of war films which have the Americans a bunch of jolly
fellows who would really rather be back at Princeton joining clubs, or
mowing the lawns in Virginia; while the enemy are sincerely misguided
followers of a deranged government. Here, instead, are professional
soldiers, on both sides, who make war a technical game, with victory
going to the best prepared.
This is a comparatively short film, lasting about ninety minutes,
not particularly profound, and not attempting to present any grave
problems, but certainly entertaining. This is, one suspects, mainly be-
cause it is limited in scope, and does not attempt to assault viewers with
several hours of Hollywood-type philosophy.
It must all have some significance in the great scheme of thin.
but who can tell.
-David Reuse!







.Novet Propaganda Weapon

WASHINGTON-American dip-
lomats rubbed their eyes last
week when they read a cable
flashed across the Atlantic:
"Please inform which dish of cock-
roaches broken (signed) Dulles."
The cable, signed by the dis-
tinguished Secretary of State, per-
tained to the death of 36 cock-
roaches sent by the United States
to participate in the Brussels
World Fair.
The l o w l y bugs had been
shipped to Brussels as part of the
cold war between the East and
West. To some extent, they were
to prove that the U.S.A. could
raise bigger and better bugs than
are raised behind the Iron Cur-
tain - and how to raise them.
roaches were sent to Brussels -
a common, kitchen variety un-
touched by science;- a puny, pitiful
variety injected with aureomycin;
and a third batch of super-duper
cockroaches fed with vitamins.
The latter were bugs that the Free
World could really be proud of--
healthier, more virulent than any
communist bug that had to
scrounge for a living in the slave
Furthermore, an interesting
point was being made by these
cockroaches. Though housewives
regard cockroaches as parasites,
it seems that cockroaches them-
selves have parasites. And in the
cockroaches which had received
aureomycin, the parasites had
been killed, which interfered with
their digestion and made them
puny. .
Unfortun'ately for the battle of
the bugs between East and West,

the displays of cockroaches were
crushed en route to Belgium and
the cockroaches killed. Hence the
cable: "Please inform which dish
of cockroaches broken - Dulles."
Secretary Dulles, of course,
automatically signs every cable
leaving the State Department, so
it's doubtful whether he knew
much about the competition of
the cockroaches. At any rate, the
problem was taken to the National
Academy of Science, which, hav-
ing no replacements on hand,
sent rush orders to the University
of Minnesota for three dozen
more cockroaches.
Until they arrive, Americans at
the Brussels Fair have to resort
to colored pictures to show the
achievements of the American
cockroach in the battle between
East and West.
* * *
INTERNAL revenue officials
are getting chuckles out of this
story about two clergymen and a
revenue agent who died at the
same time and approached the
heavenly gates together. After
looking them over, St. Peter first
beckoned the tax collector into
heaven, later admitted the two
The latter were puzzled and
somewhat affronted. One of them
complained: "With all due re-
spect to your judgment, we have
always thought that we led ex-
emplary lives, exhorting our fel-
low men to do good and abide by
the Bible. Why then does this lay-
man, this revenue agent, take
"What you say may be true,"
agreed St. Peter. "However, this
map-has scared hell out of more

people than both of you together."
Sidelights - Gov. Price Daniel
of Texas is running so scared for
re-election that he's almost be-
come a friend of the people . .
Careful Sen. Lyndon Johnson and
family ride coach when they fly
from Texas back to Washington.
Roumanian Minister Silviu Bru-
can is practicing what the State
Department preaches - people-
to-people friendship. Roumania is
now completely open to American
tourists; the Roumanian Dance
Ensemble will tour the U.S. this
fall; the minister himself set out
to get better acquainted with the
U.S.A. by taking a trip to the west
coast. At the University of Cali-
fornia, he visited the social sci-
ence department; his wife, the en-
gineering department.
Madame Brucan, one of the
most charming members of the
diplomatic corps, Is a graduate
engineer, specializing in petroleum.
' , . *
COL. ROBERT Guggenheim,
ex-Ambassador to Portugal, of
the Guggenheim copper fortune,
boasted to friends the other even-
ing that he had just helped
christen his great-grandson. "It
was your great-granddaughter,"
gently reminded his wife, Polly.
Milton Hill, public relations
man for National Airlines and
organizer for Ike's 1952 campaign
train, who got himself all snarled
up in testimony before the Harris
Committee regarding wire pulling
for Channel 10 in Miami, will
probably not face a grand jury
investigation for possible perjury.
Attorney General Rogers called
a grand jury on ex-FCCCommis-
sioner Mack, a Democrat
(Copyright 1958 by Bell Syndicate, Inc.)


The Daily Official Bulletin is an
official publication of the Univer-
sity of Michigan for which the
Michigan Daily assumes no edi-
torial responsibility. Notices should
be sent in TYPEWRITTEN form to
Room 3519 Administration Build-
Ix~g, before 2 p.m. the day preceding
publication. Notices for Sunday,
Daily due at 2:00 p.m. Friday.
FRIDAY, APRIL 18, 1958
General Notices


Four New Ex-Officios Seated

Acolytes Meeting: Miss Mary Mother-
sill wil tread a paper entitled, "Treating
Humanity as an End" at a regular
meeting of the Acolytes, Fri., April 18
at 8:00 p.m. in the E. Conf. Rm., Rack-
ham Bldg.
Two Debates will be held between
Michigan and Central Michigan debat-
ers in Rooms 3D and 3G of the Mich-
igan Union at 7:00 p.m., Fri., April 18.
The topic for debate will be the pro-
posed national high school debate prop-
osition for next year: Resolved, that
the essential features of the Russian
educational system should be adopted
by American schools.
The ISA Cabinet has rescinded its ac-
tion of March 2. Membership in the
sociation is therefore still open to
all students upon payment of a 25 cent
membership fee in Room 18 of the In-
ternational Center.
The Election Committee has decided
to continue accepting registrations
from candidates seeking office in the
coming elections until 5:00 p.m., Fri.,
April 18.
Campaigning will begin on Mon., Ap-
ril 21, closing Fri., April 25 at 5:00 p.m.
Ballots will be sent to all members on
Thurs., April 24, and must be returned
postmarked not later than Tues., April
29. No ballots will be given out after
Thurs., April 24 at 12 noon.
Ballotsawill be counted on Thurs.,
May 1 at 5:00 p.m. The new officers
will be announced on May 2.
Folksing at Osterweil Cooperative, 338
E. Jefferson, Sun., April 20, 8:00 p..
Refreshments. Everyone welcome.
Summary, action taken by Student
Government Council at its meeting
April 16, 1958.
Approved minutes of the previous
Defeated a motion that Student Gov-
ernment Council consider the chal-
lenged constitutional violation of the
International Student Association.
Approved motion recommending that
Joint Judiciary Council look Into the
matter concerning the constitution-
ality of the International Student As-
Approved the following activities
sponsored by student organizations:
April 30: Engineering Executive Board
of 1960, program, speaker subject to
approval of the Committee on Uni-
versity Lectures.
May 9, 10: Frosth weekend dance and
floor show, League Ballroom.
May 15: Men's Glee Club, appearance
In New York (Pat Boone Show)
May 13: Women's Athletic Associa-
tion, Lantern Night, Hill Auditorium,
7:30 p.m.
Approved the following motion: That
the Executive Committee of Student
Government Council set up a commit-
tee of four SOC members to explore
possibilities of modifying the Univer-
sity drinking regulation, and that the
Chairman of Joint Judiciary Coux~cil
and the vice-President in Charge of
Student Affairs be invited to send rep-
resentatives to sit with this committee,
and that the committee repor is find-
ings with recommendations at the Stu-
dent Government Council meeting of
April 30.
Approved motion providing that the
chairman and committee members .of

violin, Gustave Rosweels, second vlo ,
lin, Robert Courte, viola and Oliver
Edel, cello. Miss Greer and Mr. Boo-
#tt will perform compositions by
Seldoval, Greuer, and Ginaster, and
the Stanley Quartet, in addition to a.
composition by Turina, will perform;a,
Quartet by Halffter, which was com-
missioned by the University of Michi-,
gan for this occasion and is dedicated
to the Stanley Quartet. Mr. Halffter,
who is visiting in Ann Arbor, will at-
tend the concert, which will be played.
in Rackham Lecture Hall at 8:30 p.m.
Fri., April 18. Open to the general
public without charge.
Program of American Music: The 11-
pha Chapter, Sigma Alpha Iota, will
present their annual program of Amer-
ican Music on Sat., April 19, at 8:30
p.m. in Aud. A, Angell Hall, The con-
cert will include compositions by
Griffes, Brandzel, Still, Garfield, Phil-
lips, Ives, Copland, Burton, Duke and
Mueller. Open to the general public
without charge.
Academic Notices
Applicants for the Joint Program in
Liberal Arts and Medicine: Applica-
tion for admission to the Joint' Pro-
grams in Liberal Arts and Medicine
must be made before April 23 of the
final preprofessional year. Application
may be made now at 1220 Angell Hall.
Admission Test for Graduate Study
in Business: Candidates taking the Ad-
mission Test for Graduate, Study in
Business on April 19 are rquested to
report to Rm. 140, Bus. Admin. Bldg.
at 8:45 a.m. Sat.
Law School Admission Test: Candi-
dates taking the Law School Adission
Test on April 19 are requested t re-
port to Rm. 130 Bus. Admin. Bldg. at
8:45 a.m. Sat.
Interdepartmental Seminar on Ap-
plied Meteorology: Engineering. Fri.,
April 18, 3:30 p.m., 5500 E. Engrg. Bldg.
Dr. J. F. Shea, Military Development
Engineer, Bell Telephone Laboratories,
Whippany, N.J. will speak on "Gallop-
ing Conductors" - Chairman: Prof.
Jesse Ormondroyd.
The Department of Psychology- is
now .receiving applications for the Se-
nior Honors Program for the academic
year 1958-59. For details contact Dr.
David Birch, ext. 2780.
..Doctoral Examination for Bettie Ar-
thur, Psychology thesis: Comparison of
the Psychological Test for Perfornance
of Brain Damaged and Normal Chl-
dien in the Mental Age Range from
Five to Six, Saturday, April 19: 6625
Haven Hall, at 10:00 a.mi. Chairman,
A.S. Elonen.
Placement Notices
Personnel Interviews:
Representatives from the following
will be at the Bureau of Appointments:
Tues., April 22
Kordite Company, Division of Tex-
tron, Inc., Macedon, N.Y. - Men with
any degree for Marketing Management
Trainee, Product or Brand Managers,
Industrial Sales Representatives, Sales
Trainees, and Staff Administrative As-
The Prudential Insurance Company
of America, Detroit, Mich.-Men with
B.A. or M.A. in Liberal Arts, B.B.A. or
M.B.A., L.L..B. or two years of Law
School for Sales and Sales Management.
The Proctor & Gamble Company,
Cincinnati, Ohio - Mexican and Vene-
zuelan citizens for full-time or sum-
mer employment in Mexico and Vene-
zuela. Any degree will be considered.
Men only.
Wgjd., April 23
American Heart Association, New
York, N.Y.-Men and women with BA.





By The Associated Press

EDITOR'S NOTE: The Daily is a member of the
Associated Press, a world-wide newsgathering co-
operative which includes in its membership 1,741
newspapers and other publications, plus 1,702 radio-
television memberships. Because a substantial por-.
tion of The Daily's front page news is received by
AP wire, perhaps readers will find the following ad-
dress of interest.
NEW YORK-The Associated Press "is geared
to cover in depth" the new interest in
science, education and defense resulting from
the space age, Frank J. Starzell, AP general
manager said yesterday.-
Starzel said the staff' of writers covering
science and ether specialized fields has been
reinforced and "the broad interest in this type
of news is reflected generally throughout -the
f !1 r ill { I.1 - . . - M..,& II A,&.

"It is no longer enough," he asserted, "for
the newsman to be just a competent reporter
or editor. Demands of the news are so multiple
that staffers must background themselves edu-
cationally as never before in history."
"The subject matter is vastly more diversified
and the areas where it breaks have spread
enormously and shifted greatly in emphasiq,*
he said.
Starzel said this places great premium on
perspective and diligent reporting, expert,
knowledge on the subject, and ability to write
clearly and with sufficient background and ex-
planatory matter so that the average person
can understand.
"OUR PLANNING is not limited to technologi-
cal trends," he declared. "The man in the
street is still interester in the man on the next

Daily Staff Writer
FOUR NEW FACES appeared at
the Student Government Coun-
cil table Wednesday night.
The four, all new ex-officio
members, left the Council with
only six "old faces" - members
with more than three weeks' ex-
One of these six, Inter-House
Council President Drake Duane,
has only one more meeting before
he steps down,
As .a result of the comparative
inexperience of the majority of
members, the Council debated very
little on a number of topics
brought before it. The upshot of
this was a two-hour meeting--
shortest of the semester.
THE MEETING, however, was
too fast, for a change. One of the
topics brought up was a question
of jurisdiction - whether the
Council should determine if the
International Students Association
was acting in violation of its con-
The Council almost failed to
discuss the matter at all, until

cision was the same that should
be made on Sigma Kappa-that
Joint Judic should consider this
matter also, not SGC. Belin dis-
agreed, saying the cases were dif-
But apparently a majority of the
Council members weren't too con-
cerned either way.
Later in the meeting. David Kes-
sel presented a motion asking for
a redefinition of the University
drinking regulations, to allow stu-
dents over 21 years old to drink in
private off-campus housing.
Union President-elect Barry
Shapiro then offered a substitute
motion that a committee be set up
to consider possibilities of chang-
ing the rules. This was approved in
record time, with a minimum of
AS THE COUNCIL members get
their feet under themselves, they
will probably have more to con-
tribute on any issue. In any event,
Wednesday's meeting was a re-
freshing switch from the lengthy,
repetitious discussions which gen-
erally mark Council sessions
(though Belin and Chrysler re-

favored eliminating the 350-signa-
ture requirement for candidates.
The requirement serves no purpose
now except to weed out a few
people who are too lazy to collect
the signatures.
It does not indicate significant
student support, since students
may sign more .than one petition;
nor should the candidate's chance
to meet the people be regarded as
a useful function; the same pur-
pose is served much better by the
campaigning period.
The committee also considered
the possibility of using voting
machines, which might necessitate
fewer voting booths and longer
election periods. One drawback
here, however, is the reluctance
of the city to lend the machines,
the report said.
C . C C
REGARDING poll worker short-
ages and irregularities, the report
said, "The three key points are:
fewer booths, careful supervision,
careful selection of workers."
It suggested several possible ap-
proaches to these problems. One,
for a "security squad" constantly
checking each booth, is nothing
new; elections committees have


,* i

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