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March 23, 1958 - Image 9

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Publication:
Michigan Daily, 1958-03-23

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THE MICHIGAN DAILY

andidates

Discuss

SGC , Sigma

Kappa,

'U,

Ru

" Q

Bruce

McRitchie

electeddmembers, and deserves a
great' deal of, careful considera-
tion in that it so directly con-
cerns the student body.
2) Before expressing my views
on this issue, I would like to say
that I am in no way attempting
to avbid the direct question, yet I
feel that there is only one way
to treat the issue in an intelligent,
manner. Sigma Kappa is accused
of not acting in good faith with
the University Regulations. In
law, "good faith" is not defined,
because it can only be determined
by a judgement on an action after
the action has been taken. There-
fore I feel that it is very unadvis-
able for any candidate for SGC,
or member of SGC, to express set
opinions on what. Sigznia Kappa
should do to show that it is not
in violation with University regu-
lations. Indeed, it is unadvisable
for any such person to hold such
opinions. After one or more of an
infinite number of possible actions
by the Sigma Kappa National, it
will be up to SGC then to deter-
mine if the sorority is in good
faith with the University regula-
tions.
3) Due to the different natures
of SGC and the former Commit-
tee on Student Affairs, the Uni
versity' Rules and, Regulations
Bookshould undergo a revision.
The revision should more clearly
define the powers of SGC in the
area of enforcement and in the
area of amending the present
regulations.
The regulations concerning Soli-
citations and Drives should be'
revised. Since the rather unsuc-
cessful Campus Chest was origin-
ated for the benefit of the stu-
dents, perhaps a poll should be
taken to determine exactly what
the stu'dents want along this line,
and action taken accordingly.

Dick Odgers

STUDENT GOVERNMENT COUNCIL

Lois

Wurster

SAMPLE BALLOT
Any Student Enrolled in the University May Vote

INSTRUCTIONS: Put the figure "1" in the square fl
opposite the name of your first choice, the figure "2" in
the square Q~ opposite the name of your second choice,
the figure "3" in the square opposite the name of your
third chQice, and so on. You may vote for as many can-}
didates as you wish. The more choices which you express
in this manner, the greater is the possibility that your
vote will help to elect one of them.

EXAMPLE

CANDIDATE "A"
iii CANDIDATE "B"

Kappa Sigma fraternit',- see-
retary; Musket, props chairman,
promotions chairman.
1) One of SGC's most benefI-
ial functions is that of origin-
ting student projects and serviees
ich as the air-flight to Europe,
nld a more current project, the
tudent Bookstore. With the con-
nued cooperation of other or-
anizations (The Michigan Union
as taken over both of these pro-
ects), SGC can f be invaluable to
he student body in this area.
I feel that SGC -should estab-,
sh a definite policy by which
tudent referendum is encouraged
n this way any student, by means
f a petition, could bring any is-
.e to the floor of SGC.
At the present time, the council"
studying jhe University Calen-.
ar. This issue is certain to come
D durifig the terms of the newly

F41

CANDIDATE "E"

*David
Taylor
Beta Theta Pi'fraternity, rush
chairman; - Inter -Fraternity
moneil, rush counselor, public
'elations committee; Fraternity.
Buyers Association; freshman
track.
I believe that SOC should devote
portion of its tine, during the
ext year, to revaluation of its
A internal workings. There are
rious areas in which much red,
pe and useless duplication hinder
ie proper functioning of the
uncil. Other areas which corn-
and attention are the lack of
nderstanding between affiliated
id residence hall groups, and the
roblem of deferred rushing for
rorities.
In my opinion, Sigma Kappa is
>t in violation of University Reg-
ations. However, they have been
eclared in violation of University
egulations and proof must be
resented to SGC that corrective
easures have been taken. Due to
y opinion concerning the issue
my proof that Sigma Kappa would
esent would meet with my ap-

Concerning deferred rushing for
sororities, I think a thorough eval-
uation of this semester's rush
should be undertaken before a
continuation of this program is
made permnent. Panhellenic
should play the most important
role in this evaluation.
The University Rules and Regu-
lations concerning drinking on
Michigan's -dan pus and in off-
campus apartments is sorely out-
dated and in my opinion needs
both change and rewriting.

Alpha Sigma Phi fraternity,
secretary; Michigan Union, per-
sonnel director.
1) One of the major problems
facing SGC is that of general
apathy toward both it andpits
programs. As a result SGC pres-
ently represents no more than a
small fraction of the student body.
I believe that a major cause of
apathy is the relatively complex
preferential election system. Very
few students understand its, oper-
ation or make a conscientious ef-
fort to rank candidates. Students
are understandably disinterested
when they realize that their third
place vote may be counted while
their first place ballot is thrown
out.
The supporting arguments as'
to the representation of minority
groups fail to hold true at Mich-
Igan where there is a small elec-
torate and no party structure.
I am in favor of investigating
the possibility of establishing a
plurality system.
The past semester has con-
vinced me that deferred rushing
places a great strain on those
people involved due to its inten-
city, length, and the inclement
weather experienced in February.
Formerly women were allowed to
rush the first semester at their
discretion, this proviso made it
possible to postpone rushing un-
til the individual felt prepared.
I am In favor of returning to a
two.semester rush system upon an
affirmative vote of the people in-
volved.
I am In favor of additional cal-
endar revision to permit students
tb obtain jobs during the Christ-
mas recess, which due to the late
vacation is now difficult for many
students.
T am in favor of the establish-
ment of the honor system on a
trial basis in the literary college.
It' seems plausible that literary
college students should be trust-
ed to take examinations without
strict supervision. However, I
think it essential that such a pro-
gram be instituted ona perman-
ent basis only upon a vote taken
among the students involved, not
merely upon the recommendation
of an SGC committee, as is now
contemplated.
2) The Daily asks the follow-
ing question: "What should Sigma
Kappa do to prove it is not in vio-
lation of University regulations?"
This question is clearly weight-
ed against Sigma Kappa. The
burden of proof lies not with Sig-
ma Kappa but with the SGC. The
evidence thus far submitted as
regards the national organization
in no way implicates the local
chapter.
Sigma Kappa has, throughout
the past year, amply demonstrat-
ed its eagerness to participate to
the fullest in University activities.
Sigma Kappa is a fully-recognized
campus organization with an ex-
cellent record. Considering this it
seems strange that it should be
the object of such a determined
attack.
I believe that Sigma Kappa
should be allowed to retain its
present status unless evidence is
presented that directly implicates
the local chapter.
3) In answer to the third ques-
tion I believe the SGC should in-
vestigate the possibility of relax-
ing University regulations with
regard to the prohibition of alco-
holic beverages in students' pri-
vate quarters.
It would seem that students,
over twenty-one years of age, liv-
ing in private apartments and
rooms, should, with the approval1
of their landlord, be allowed the

Privileges they would enjoy if
they lived in any locality other1
than Ann Arbor.

--

CANDIDATE "F"
CANDIDATE "G"

F,
El
Q:
El
a Q

STEVE BAILIE
PETER BRgWN
SCOTT CHRYSLER
RON GREGG
JO HARDEE
BRUCE HOF MAN
CAROL HOLLAND
PAUL KAMPNER
DAVID KESSEL

El'
nl

BRUCE MceRITCHIE
FRED MERRILL
'DICK ODGERS
SUE ROCKNE
ROGER SEASONWEIN
DAVID TAYLOR
MORT WISE
LOIS WURSTE
PHIL ZOOK-

R oger
Seasonwein,

Mort Wise

Sigma Kappa sorority; Soph
Show Central, Committee; SGC
member, housing committee,
education and student welfare
committee, constitutions com-
mittee.
1) Although there has been
much evidence in the past few
weeks that student apathy is no
longer a problem on campus, I
feel that the Council should con-
tinue a strenuous public relations
campaign. Written information is
valuable in creating interest and
informing the student body, but
morp important is personal con-
tact between Council members
and the students.
Related to the problem of per-
sonal contact is the cou46c new
policy of having elected' members
serve as chairmen of the Ad.
Wing committees. The council
member spends valuable time in
p e r s o n n e I, organizational and
clerical work that could be spent
in "bull sessions" with students at
dinners and open housee. Al-
though new ideas arise out of ex-
perience, with such areas as edu-
cation and st'udent welfare or na-
tional and international, there is
also a "storehouse" of new ideas
and student opinion outside of
the Council which should not be
neglected.
2) On Dec. 5, 1956, SGC found
National Sigma Kappa in viola-
tion' of University regulations
against discriminatory member-
ship policies. Unless the sorority'

Pi! Z

CANDIDATE "C°'

eign students. The foreign stu-
dents-have made a great deal of
progress in integrating with the
American students. H o w e v e r,
many problems still exist. The In-
ternational Center is very inade-
quatle; many foreign students feel
they are not being represented
and have little voice. in student
affairs; and the process of social
and cultural integration has a
long way to go.
2) Sigma Kappa has been found
to be in violation of a University
regulation pertaining to bias.
clauses. I definitely do not think,
as some people might, that to
prove Sigma Kappa is not in vio-
lation their national must acti-
vate a Negro girl. If the nation1l
does reinstate their two suspend-
ed chapters this summer, these
chapters will no longer have Ne-
gro actives in them. Thus what-
ever Sigma Kappa National does
do this summer, and there are nu-
merous things it can do, it be-
comes mostly a matter of accept-
ing their word on the issue of bias
clauses. Since there will be no
Negroes within the National, there
will be no observable proof that
they do not have a bias clause. Be-
cause there are things like "gen-
tlemen's agreements" which can
be just as effective on this cam-
pus, as written bias clauses, there
is no reason not to accept a posi-
tive and definite statemeht from
Sigma Kappa National, as We
have from other fraternities and
sororities coming on campus aft-
er 1949, saying they have no bias
clause. '

Sigma Alpha Mu fraternity;
Huber House Council; Political
Issues Club; Freshman Honors
Steering Committee; Michigan
Union Senate, Staff News edi-
tor; WCBN.
The following is an outline of
the issues upon which SGC should
act in the near future:
a) Sigma Kappa: According to
the 1949 ruling, recognition will
not be allowed to any organization
which prohibits membership be-
cause of race, religion, or color.
If Sigma Kappa is to stay on this
campus it will qbviously have to
comply ,with this ruling. However,
what SGC should specifically re-
quire of Sigma Kappa to prove
its innocence depends entirely on
the stand taken this summer by
Sigma Kappa's national conven-
tion on this issue. Since SGC "sat
on its hands" for so long and has
not told the sorority's national
specifically what it must 'do, it
would be grossly unfair for any
candidate to lay out, a specific
plan for Sigma Kappa to follow.
We musty await the action of the
national convention, consider the
actions of the Michigan chapter
(which have been excellent thus
far), and then judge whether Sig-
ma Kappa complies with the rul-
ing of 1949.
b) Deferred Rushing:
I do not think that the experi-
ence we have had with women's
deferred rushing can be called
completely successful. The fresh-
man women were not necessarily
better informed than in previous
years about sororities because
their contact with sororities was
virtually non-existent during the
first semester. The over-long
rushing period, especially since it
came right after exams and dur-
ing poor weather, seemed to ef-
fect the spirit of both rushees and
sorority women. Many sororities
had difficulty in filling their
quotas while girls who were not
accepted felt unusually let down
because of the added semester
they had to build up their hopes.
On the other hand, it might be
said that deferred rush did give
the women a chance to better ad-'
just to dorm life before being car-

ried into the rushing situation. It
also might be conjectured that
the later date in rushing gave the
sororities a better chance to see
precisely how many .women they
would need to refill their quotas.
Weighing all these disadiantages
and advantages; I would say that
women's deferred raih holds more
disadvantages than advantages
and must either be terminated or
greatly revised. However, I would
delay any final :decision along
these lines until accurate reports
are *received as to the effects of,
deferred rush on all concerned.
I do not think that it would be
advantageous to employ a system
of deferred rushing for freshman
men.
Past IFC reports and present.
fraternity opinion, show that fra-
ternities are against such a sys-
tem. From the standpoint of
freshman men, one can note this:
they all have their choice as to
when to rush now and the major;-
ity of them rush and pledge first
semester. They, therefore, would
seem to be in favor of first semes-
ter rushing. Thus. I am against
deferred rush unless it can be
shown, again by conclusive survey,
that all parties concerned will
benefit from it.
c) Financial aid to students:
The Activities Scholarship should
be made large enough to enable
more people to receive, it. It should
enable those receiving it to par-
ticipate in extra-curricular activi-
ties beneficial to the campus
which they otherwise could not do
because of lack of financial inde-
pendence.,
d) Campus Chest must be aban-
doned because of its lack of suc-
cess.
e) Integration: Investigations
into University housing must con-
clusively prove the evidence of
discrimination before action can.
be taken here. However, at the
apartment level, where landlords
admit discrimination, SOC must
demand that the administration
apply pressure to these landlords
by' not approving their apart-
ments for student rental.
f) More student opinion must
be felt by SGC:
The system of representation
must be revamped in such a way
that the councilmen know to what
constituency they owe their alle-
giance and so that all groups will
be represented properly. Better
communication can also be aided;'
SGC meetings should be simpli-
fied and faster and more efficient
so that more people will be en-
couraged to attend. Regular ar-
ticles by councilmen should ap-
pear in The Daily.

Sue' Rockne
Fresh Weekend, assistant gen-
eral chairman; Choral Union;E
Board of Advisors, Offieer ofj
Religious Affairs; League Euro-
crats; League Night; Homecom-
ing Publicity Committee; SGC,1
public relations committee,
chairman,.student relations"j
committee, SGC evaluation --
-internal structure and composi-
tion, elections publicity.
1) Within the next year SOC
should be concerned with several
areas, two of which are discussedj
in questions two and three.
SGC has the power to "co-
ordinate student projects." Al-
though SGC has been active inI
these areas, they deserve greater
attention. In connection with
these powers I would recommend
the following:
a) In view of the rising cost of
education to the student, the .
Council should urge ,Regental as-
sent. on a stuent book store.
b) Whether or 'not SGC is able
to establish a new foreign ex-
change program, the Council
should try to utilize the resources
of foreign students here on cam-
pus. Until International Center
facilities are enlarged SGC should
organize, with the help of inter-
ested organizations, a flexible pro-
gram to include housing pro-
grams, forums, and seminars.
Although Jurisdiction of the
drinking regulation is not strictlyj
a power of SGC, the Council
should recommend greater deline-i
ation of "student quarters." Stu-
dents more than 21 years old notj
living in residence halls or simi-
lar units containing minors
should be exempt from this regu-
lation, but subject to the codes ofi
good conduct and discretion. t
2)- A legislative body is obligeds
to follow through on its regula-
tions on the basis they were given.1
The decision that National SigmaI
Kappa was in violation of Univer-
sity regulations was based on evi-:
dence taken by that group on the
Cornell and Tufts chapters. It is
logical therefore that resolution
of the violation should entail1
some positive .action by the Na-
tional regarding the expulsion of
these chapters. This may be in
the form of a convention resolu-1
tion or reinstatement, of the chap-i
ter yet containing a Negro. 4oW-i
ever, it was notithe intent of the1
1956 Council to demand any onet
specific action of the national sor-
ority. Therefore such a demand ati
this time would be unjust andl
prejudging the issue.
3) Aside from urging that the
whole booklet be brought up to
date, there are several 'areas
which need attention:
a) In principle, any legislative1
body should not have the power
to adjudicate violations of its reg-
ulations. SGC now has the power
to directly withdraw recognitioni
of any student organization fail-i
quirements. This pow' should be,
Ing to maintain recognition re-i
handled by the Joint Judiciary.
b) In order to avoid future situ-
ations such as the Sigma Kappa
questions, a statement agreeing to
abide by University regulations
should not only be required of lo-
cal chapter officers but also from.
the national office.

takes) action to remove such poli-
cies at its national convention,
recognition will be withdrawn.
No one can predict what action'
the national sorority will take at
their convention this summer.
Therefore, it is necessary for those
who wil decide upon the issue
next fall to keep an open mind
until there is concrete action
about which to form an opinion.
At present there appear to be
two areas in which action could
be taken. The first is the area
which directly effects past re-
strictive action. In this area the
sorority could pledge a Negro
girl, reinstate the chapters at
Tufts and Cornell, or explain
their past action.
A more important area con-
cerns the problem of the nation-
al's control over any local chap-:
ter. Greater consideration is val-
uable in this area since it entails
not only the Sigma Kappa prob-
lem, but a problem of many
Greek organizations. Suggestions
in this area are more complex and
indirectly affect discriminatory
policy. Two possibilities in this
area follow: the establishment of
a. mediation board to act when
questions arise concerning sus-
pension or expulsion of a local
chapter. Questions from the na-
tional office shall be directed to
an impartial mediation board
(Province President, the college
president, and alumni of the
chapter involved; plus a national
officer.) The decision of the board
would be fina. A second Is that
questions of suspension or with-
drawal be considered only on the
floor of the national convention.
3) The regulations under the
jurisdiction of 1GC in the Univer-
sity Regulations booklet are clear
and seem to operate effectively.
Any changes in the regulations
would be of a technical nature.

Inter-House Council, p
and public relations ahi
University housing con
Literary College steerin
mittee; Pershing Rifles;
gan Union Senate; SGO
tions director, SBX mam
1) SOC should, in the n
make itself felt in the are
dent welfare. Much can be
improve student employn
portunities, summer a<
round. Means of lowering
costs, such as those of bo
plies, and bicycles, sh4
sought. The amount of
administered loans and
ship funds should be i
Particular attention shoul
rected toward housing an
portation
There is room for impr
in the Administrative Win
committees are understal
often incapable of camr
routine tasks well. Th
should be re-structured t
responsibilities, and furni
a paid office manager.
SOC should seek to bre
authority in areas touc
rectly upon students. One
assume administration of
sity driving regulations.-
2) Quite some time ago
cided that Sigma Kappa
sorority no longer met
ments for maintenance o
nition as stated in Univeri
ulations. However, the
deferred action on wthd
recognition until after Sig
pa's national convention t
mer, hoping that correcti
would be taken.
Since two Sigma Kapp
ters have been suspendi
pledging Negro women,
explanation reasonably si
any other reason for the
sions, it seems clear tha
Kappa prohibits member
the basisof race,' thus fi
meet University requirei
recognition of a student
tion,
Sigma Kappa could mee
quirements by reinstat
suspended chapters, there
diating their restrictive p
my opinion, unless new I
presented' explaining the
sions in some other lighi
kappa could' continue to
ognized in no way other
reinstating both chapter
3) Several changes 1
made In the regulatior
within the jurisdiction of
conform with actual prac
for the sake of consisten
the Council should not
property transactions of-
tives, fraternities, and a
These transactions bear
ters beyond the scope of tI
cll, and car be handled I
administrative officials. (
14). Second, rules regard
ing,, initiation,- and tap
fraternities, sororities, al
oraries should be made a
University regulations g
student organizations. Pre
ulations are those of Jo;
ciary Council and IFC (p
Third, calendaring restri
the book should be dele
left to the discretion
calendaring committee.
18)
However, the most ii
changes which should be
the book lay outside SO(
diction. The Council and
resentatives should work
Administration to relax ri
erning apartments, acad
gibility for activities, a
sumption of alcohol In
quarters.
Mahey See
Polls Work

Elections Director Roge
'61, yesterday issued a cal
dents who would be w
serve as polls workers

Tau Delta Phi fraternity; sec-
retary; vice - president; Daily
business staff, former member;
SBX temporary store manager;
Pre-Law Society, publicity man-
ager; SGC education committee,
course evaluation committee, de-
partment and college policy
committee, national and inter-
national affairs committee, edu-
cation and student welfare com-
mittee.
1) Perhaps the most important
and most valuable area that the
Student Government Council can
work in is the academic area. Stu-
dent-faculty relations, course
evaluation, curriculum planning,
the cun.slnrloi ngnrram l oans.

Fred

Merrill

V
3
a

Lambda Chi Alpha fraternity;
Daily photographer; Musket;.
Michigan, State University,
.transfer student.
1) I think SGC should particu-
larly concern itself with the fol-
lowing areas next year:
a) Investigation of student
parking and the possibilities of
obtaining more parking space for
students.

sorority is not in violation of the
regulations. If the present nation-
al officers are retained, an ex-
planation of their action against
the Tufts and Cornell chapters or
a positive statement of policy
would be needed.
3) I am not concerned with
changing any specific regulation
under SOC's jurisdiction but I
would like to see clarification
made of SGC's responsibility to
the University regarding these
regulations. SGS Is allowed full
responsibility to act wherever ,it
has jurisdiction in accord with
Regental policy and administrative
practices. Regental policy 'can be
found in the Regents' Bylaws and

3) There are several things con-
cerning the "University Rules and
Regulations Book" which I think
could use changing. (First the
book itself should be brought up
to date and rpnnblished It is still

4

Voting Records

,4

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