MENACE TO COUNTRY
See Page 4
Sixty-Seven Years of Editorial Freedom
VOL. LXVIII, No. 115
ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, WEDNESDAY, MARCH 12, 1958
U.S. May Revise
Stand on A-Tests
Seeking Agreement with Russia;
Ike Starts" Scientists "on Problem
WASHINGTON (P).- The Eisenhower administration, it is
learned, has taken the first steps toward radically revising its policy
for suspension of nuclear tests.
The objective is to try to get an agreement with the Soviet Union
on this issue.
President Dwight D. Eisenhower, on the recommendation of Sec-
retary of State John Foster Dulles, has started some of the nation's
top atomic scientists studying whether a suspension can be protected
If it is decided that a foolproof inspection s y s t e m is pos-
sible, then United States policy
PROF. KENNETH BOULDING
By SUSAN ITOLTZER
"Peaceful co-existence" between
religion and the social scientists
is not only possible, but necessary,
Prof. Kenneth E. Boulding of the
economics department said yes-
Competition between the two
Melds, he explained, develops be-
cause they share the same funda-
mental concern - the nature of
man. It is their completely differ-
ent approaches, Prof. Boulding
said, that lead "inevitably to a
conflict of roles." On the one hand
is the cool objectivity of the social
scientist; on the other, the warm,
personal involvement of the prac-
ticer of religion.
But social scientists can co-
operate 'effectively with religion,
Prof. Boulding maintained, and
religion does have concrete assist-
ance to offer the 'social science
Much To Contribute
In the area of ethics, an inevit-
able part of religion, Prof. Bould-
ing felt the social sciences have a
great deal to contribute.
He said the "ethical dialectics"
religion tends to produce are not
always well-informed, a situation
which might be corrected by a
"certain sophostication" the social
This sophistication, Prof. Bould-
ing said, explains the necessary
relations of social life, something
ethics often ovetlook.
"You can't say someone must
do something if it is impossible,"
he said, "pr expect them to do
two contradictory things." Social
scientists,' by examining the actual
results, can help to eliminate this.
Religion 'Low Man'
To the social scientist, however,
religion is "rather low man on
the academic totem pole," Prof.
Boulding said. Since it encom-
passes the very deepest parts of
the human mind, he said, "per-
haps this neglect is because the
subject is a little beyond them.
But the study of religion "can
broaden our field of experience,"
he said. "Social scientists are so
awfully middle class-really lower
middle class," he explained, "dnd
their field of investigation is apt
to be limited to their field - of vi-
In addition, he said social scien-
tists must face ends as well as
means eventually, and then, "in a
sense, you are getting religious."
may be changed provided cer-
tain other conditions are ful-
If the experts decide that no
inspection techniques available
can prevent cheating by the So-
viets, 'then, officials said, the pol-
icy very likely will not be revised.
Present United States policy in-
sists' that suspension of testing
be closely linked to a cutoff in
manufacture of nuclear weapons.
Th Soviet Union, however, had
advocated a test suspension alone
as a first step toward disarma-
The studies which have been
started, authorities reported, are
being supervised at least in part
by. James R. Killian Jr., the pres-
ident's science adviser.
But they are also being made by
the Atomic Energy Comission
and involve, too, Defense Depart-
Edward Teller, the physicist
often called the father of the hy-
drogen bomb, said 10 days ago he
thought disarmament is a "lost
cause" because the Soviets can
not be trusted and no policing de
vices are available to prevent
them from cheating.
Opposed to the Teller view are
such men as Harrison Brown of
the California Institute of Tech-
nology and Jay Orear of Colum-
They genealy argue that f-*
secret tests would become known.
Various groups of scientists
have been meeting here off and
on for several weeks, officials said,
to discuss this issue and marshal
the scientific evidence for the
benefit of President Eisenhower
PADANG, Central Sumatra (A)M
-A rebel spokesman said yester-
day that invading Java forces
seeking to crush the rebel regime
now apparently control the trans-
port of oil from United States-
operated fields deep in Central Su-
He said the invaders occupy
Bengkalis and other islands at the
mouth of the Siak River, main
artery for the movement of oil out
of the United States-owned Cal-
tex fields around Pakanbaru, 50
airline miles inland.
The spokesman added, however,
rebels forces entrenced in steam-
ing swamplands would fight to
keep the Java troops from moving
to the oil fields.
Caltex officials suspended oper-
ations afterthe Central govern-
ment launched its offensive
against the rebels Friday.
By controlling the mouth of the
Siak, the Java forces could assure
collection of royalties on any oil
coming out of Pakanbaru But it
is unlikely the rebels would permit
movement of oil if royalties go to
The revolitionary government
has proposed making the Caltex
area a neutral zone with oil flow-
ing as usual but with payments
In Java, a military spokesman
said the government has launched
a combined land, sea and air of-
fensive to crush the rebel regime.
SGC To Hear
A motion calling for a trial
honor system for the literary col-
lege next fall will come before Stu-
dent Government Council at 7:30
Filled by Program
' By BARTON HUTHWAITE
An "educational need" is left
unfulfilled when the University
does not support a "Junior Year
Abroad" study program, the liter-
ary college steering committee
In a four-page report released
yesterday, the committee accused
the University of "discouraging
students in an area in which it
should be encouraging them."
The University is "limiting itself
as a result of its present policies,"
the student advisory group added.
Urges 'U' Initiative
Citing several ways in which
such a foreign study program
could benefit both the student and
the University, the report urged
the University to take the "initia-
tive in emphasizing the values to
be derived from European study."
The benefits to the student were
seen primarily as contributing to
"The student would become a
broader, more interested person
... and from comparison and con-
trast, he would gain a greater de-
gree of tolerance of the "foreign,"
as well as a greater understanding
and appreciation of America," the
Valuable to Faculty
The committee also noted the
experience to be gained by ac-
companying faculty members.
"New life" would be given to the
faculty member's teaching at the
Ur versity by the "stimulation" of
The fields of fine arts and the
social sciences were named as
areas that would especially bene-
'"The benefits to the University
would be an inevitable conse-
quence of strengthening its stu-
dent body, an, raising the level
of its departments and faculty, "
the committee emphasized.
The inaccessibility of existing
Junior Year Programs and the
complications involved in arrang-
ing academic credit were listed as
the principle factors preventing
interested students from studying
At the present time, programs
at other universities can only ac-
cept limited numbers of students
from outside institutions.
The difficulty of arranging study
programs at foreign universities
on an individual basis was also
The committee indicated a pref-
erence for establishing a program
in an English-speaking area. In
that way, a greater number of
students would be able to take
advantage of the opportunity of
The London School of Econom-
ics was singled out as a possible
choice by University professors
interviewed by the committee.
The steering committee first be-
gan the Junior Year Abroad study
last fall. The group met with
numerus faculty members, admin-
istrative officials and directors of
existing Junior Year Abroad pro-
grams at other universities.
University students who have
also spent some time studying in
Europe were also contacted.
NEW OFFICERS-The Fraternity Presidents assembly last night elected the officers of the Inter-
fraternity Council for 1958-59. Seated are John Gerber (left), president, and Lou Kolb, executive
vice-president. Standing (left to right) are Hank Kerr, treasurer; Nick (iristopher, administrative
vice-president; and Dick Guttman, secretary. They will officially take office after spring vacation.
Gerber Elected New IFC President
By PHILIP MUNCK
After a prolonged debate the
Fraternity Presidents Assembly
last night elected John Gerber,
'59, of Beta Theta Pi, president
of the Interfraternity Council for
Gerber emphasized that the IF
will have to spend 'a considerable
time on long term projects in the
coming year. "We have to plan
not for one or two years but for
the future of fraternities on cam-
pus," he explained.
Also elected were Lou Kolb, '59,
as executive vice-president; Nick
Christopher, '59, administrative
vice-president; Dick Guttman, '59,
secretary; and Hank Kerr, '59,
Opposed by Kolb
Kolb opposed Gerber for the
Advocating a "positive policy"
Petitioning for all-campus sub-
sidiary elections closes at 6 p.m.
today, according to Roger Mahey,
'61, elections director.
All petitions are due at the elec-
tions desk on the first floor of the
Student Activities Bldg.
Elections will be held March 25
and 26 for positions on the Union
Board of Directors, class officers
in the business administration
school, education school, literary
college, and engineering college.
Positions are also open on the
Board in Control of Student Publi-
cations and the Board in Control
of Intercollegiate Athletics.
for the IFC, Kolb said he thought
"it's a crying shame that the In-
terfraternity Council hasn't taken
it on itself to further look into
such problems as rushing and se-
lectivity by itself instead of rely-
ing on Student Government
Council or other groups to fur-
nish the incentive.
"The Fraternity. Presidents As-
sembly should be one of the most
respected bodies on campus" he
said, "but I don't think you think
Alpha Kappa Lambda fraternity
cleared its next to last hurdle
yesterday when the Fraternity
Presidents assembly approved its
petition to colonize.
The petition must now be ap-
proved by Student Government'
Council before it can begin a
In order for the colony to gain
recognition as a fraternity it must
have been on campus for one year,
have a grade point average higher
than the all-men's average, have
30 or more actives and have at1
least 20 per cent of their men in!
The motion to approve passed
on a role call vote with 24 presi-
dents voting in favor, six against
and 11 abstaining.
Several presidents objected to
the admissidn of Alpha Kappa
Lambda. One said the present fra-
ternities should be expanded be-
fore a new fraternity is added.
However he abstained from voting.
Gerber said that since the fra-
ternity system is part of a rapid-
ly growing community it has to
Good Rushing Program
He explained that the rushing
program at the University is "one
of the finest structures anywhere
but we can't sit still. We have to
expand and we can do it with our
Kolb said the internal organiza-
tion of the IFC is in need of re-
working. "We need more criticism
and more communication to do
an effective job."
If more fraternity presidents
and district representatives were
working on the committees of
IFC, he explained, it would bring
the presidents and the men they
represent closer together and prod
the Council into getting things
done "if prodding be necessary."
In turn, he continued, the com-
mittee chairmen should be inter-
ested enough to attend Executive
Committee meetings. "Committee
meetings should be devoted to
policy decision rather than de-
Took Opposite View
Taking the opposite view, Ger-
ber held the internal structure of
the Council to be a good basic
structure and explained that with
more work. it would function well.
However, he added, "I think
we're a little behind the times"
and emphasized the need for
planning and working ahead.
In summing up the fraternities
problems, Kolb said that "we have
to move forward. If we stand still
while the rest of the campus goes
ahead we will be moving back-
WASHINGTON (P) - Here
are business acceleration moves
listed by Secretary of Labor
James P. Mitchell yesterday as
already planned or undertaken
by the Eisenhower administra-
the first six months of 1958 will
total 51/ billion dollars worth
more than in the last six
months of 1957. Total 1958 al-
locations will be 231/2 billion to
be spent largely in industries
where employment has sagged
the past year.
2) HIGHWAYS - Expendi-
tures were 750. million dollars
in 1957 and will be 1% billion
in 1958, rising to 21/ billion in
1959. The administration will
ask Congress in the next few
days to suspend certain expen-
diture limitations to spend an-
other 21/2 billion during the
next three years.
3) PUBLIC WORKS - Pro-
jects to be pushed to spend an
additional 200 million dollars
earlier than planned. Publici
works spending will total two
billion dollars in the fiscal year
beginning July 1, and will In-
clude 186 million dollars in
water resource projects Con-
gress is being asked to finance.1
LANSING (A') - Legislation to1
compel students to help pay for
college building projects died in
the House yesterday.
The lowerrchamber turned down
a proposal to launch a 100 million3
dollar construction program at
state colleges and universities with'
bonds financed by students. The
vote was 53-46 with 74 votes need-
ed for passage.
Rep. Willard I. Bowerman Jr.'
(R-Lansing) came up with the
proposed constitutional amend-
ment as a solution to the college
building shortage stemming from
rapidly increasing enrollments.
It would have required students
to sign a $90 non-interest bearing'
note for each year they enrolled
at a state school. Notes would fall
due in five years.
Bowerman called it a "delayed
contribution to the school alumni
FLORENCE, S. C. (JP)-An Air
Force B47 accidentally dropped an
unarmed nuclear weapon in a
small community near here 1 es-
There was no nuclear explosion
but TNT in it blasted a big hole,
damaged six houses and a church.
MANILA ()-The Western Big
Three foreign ministers, here to
weld SEATO into a tighter alli-
ance, will sit down today to decide
how to meet Russia's summit con-
MOSCOW (A')--Nikita Khrush-
chev said yesterday he would be
willing to go to Washington for a
summit conference if necessary.
He indicated at a diplomatic re-1
ception he was dissatisfid with
current progress toward a top-
level East-West parley.
On Economic Poioe
WASHINGTON wP-a gover
ment ropert showing 5,173,000 u'
employed set off new argumen
yesterday on whether to cut taxe
and spurred other moves to con
bat the recession.
Proposals for job-creating pul
lic works vied with tax cutting
a favorite weapon
President Dwight D. Eisenhow
was reported, after a White Hou
conference with GOP congressoi
al leaders, to have decided to del
any administration tax cut pr
posal for at least a month.
Meeting Set Up
However, he Set up a Ineetin
today with his economic advise
which the White House said wou
deal with tax suggestions 'as we
as other means for overcomir
President Eisenhower also a
ranred a discussionrof the who
tax picture next Tuesday 'wil
Cabinet members sitting in wil
the party leaders in Congress.
In other developments:
1), Two Democratic leaders
the House, Reps. John McCorma0
of Massachusetts. and Oren Hanr
of Arkansas, introduced legislatki
to liberalize unemployment con
2)% The Senate, Public - W9
by Democratic Leader Lyndc
Johnson of Texas urging a spee<
up in civil public works alreat
appropriated for. A similar res
lution covering military works
3) Sen. Dennis Chavez (D-
M.) Introduced legislation autho:
izing a five-year public works pr
gram to cost $14,219,000,000.
would emphasize dams for fio
control, irrigation and power.
The White House meetingye
terday followed by one day t
declaration by Vice-Preside
Richard Nixon that there shou
be substantial tax cuts if ti
economy fails to improve soon.
Another big question for ti
GOP conference was said to I
how much could be expected, t
overcoming the recession, fro
public works, housing constructic
and longer unemployment con
Secretary of Labor James :
Mitchell supplied the unemplo:
ment figures, saying the 5,173,0
total was reached in mid-Febr
ary. This was an increase of 67
000 in the preceding month a
means that 6.7 per cent of ti
civilian working force was jobles
This is higher than the six pi
cent figure reached in the 19
recession and is about the sa
as in the 1949 business slump.
Quiz on Kohie-
Out of Order
WASHINGTON (A) - Attemp
to question John Gunaca abo
the beating of two nonstriki
Kohler Co. workers were ruled of
of order yesterday by chairm
John McClellan (D-Ark.) of t
Senate Rackets Committee.
Sen. McClellan said Gunaca,
former United Auto Worke
steward, would not have to testi:
because assault charges are st
pending against him in the cas
But Sen. McClellan gave Wi
liam Bersch Jr. a chance to iden
tify Gunaca as one of the thre
men present when Bersch an
his father were given a poundin
at a Sheboygan Falls, Wis., fill
ing station the night of July
'FIRST COME, FIRST SERVED':
Bargain-Hunting Students Encamp Before Store
Nils Erickson, '59, and Harry Walden, '61-in that order-last
night settled down to what appeared to be an all-night vigil.
Camped in front of a local camera store, wrapped in blankets
and extra layers of clothing, and well supplied with the effects of
comfortable living, they awaited today's installment of the store's.
"Getting to Know You" sale.
First man in line at 10 a.m. today will be given the opportunity
to buy a $160 3-D camera for $1.69. This is the third in the store's
series of six such "first-come-first-served" bargains, to continue
As of midnight last night, Erickson was today's winner with a
3 p.m. post time. Walden, who arrived at 8 p.m., was firm in his
intention to'remain. He said he was "just hoping Nils doesn't make
it," although he expected him to.
Both are experienced in sitting out the sale. Erickson waited
vainly for Monday's bargain; Walden kept him company Sunday
night, then succeeded in being first to greet the store owner Tuesday
morning. He saved $36.92 on a color slide camera costing $37.50.
Back again, they seemed completely at home in the alcove around
the door. Erickson was stretched out on two folding chairs. a nillow