"Shouldn't We Have Reins Or Something On It?"
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"When Opinions Are Free
Truth Will Prevail"
Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers or
the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.
WEDNESDAY, FEBRUARY 13, 1957 NIGHT EDITOR: PETER ECKSTEIN
SigmaKappa Deadline Should Not
Extend Beyond Fall of 1957
STUDENT Government Council tonight de-
cides what action to take on its Dec. 5
ruling that Sigma Kappa is in violation of
University regulations prohibiting discrimina-
.When it was faced with the problem two
months ago, SGC had two conflicting criteria
by which to judge the national sorority: policy
statements that said they didn't discriminate
and actions which indicated they did. The
Council in effect ignored the sorority said and
judged by what it did.
Any action tonight which permits Sigma
Kappa to resolve the issue by simple state-
ments of policy will contradict the reasoning
behind the initial judgement.
The Council has already, by virtue of its
Dec. 5 decision, implicitly indicted the national
officers for acting in bad faith by practicing
discrimination while affirming a policy of non-
T HAS BEEN suggested in recent weeks that
local Sigma Kappa should be given a chance
to work within the National to effect changes
in policy, and that the Council must be fair
to University coeds involved.
There is no disagreement with this in prin-
ciple, but Council members should be wary
of the emotional undertones. The Council's
primary obligation here is to enforce its rules
-and it is in this context that fairness to
the local chapter must be considered.
Accepting the principle that the local chap-
ter should have an opportunity to work within
its National, Council discussion tonight can
be expected to center around two points:
1) Should SGC give Sigma Kappa until next
fall to resolve its problem before withdrawing
recognition or should it wait until the fall of
1958, following the regularly scheduled nation-
2) Should the sorority be *permitted to ac-
tivate its present pledges?
EFFECTING a change in policy, of the sort
that could be initiated by undergraduates,
requires, a national convention. Sorority offi-
cials claim it would be difficult, if not impos-
sible, to schedule a convention this summer.
Despite the National's claim that it cannot
hold a national convention this summer the
Council would be unwise to delay final action
until the fall of 1958.
The Negro girl at Cornell (suspension by
the National of the Cornell chapter for pledg-
ing a Negro caused the controversy on this
campus) graduates in June, 1958. This means
the National can reinstate the Cornell chap-
ter, reaffirm a policy of non-discrimination,
and never have to accept a Negro affiliate.
In other words, by the summer of 1958 the
one practical and obvious way for Sigma Kappa
to demonstrate good faith with SGC regula-
tions will be gone.
TVE VIOLATION was not a "one-shot" af-
fair like a theft or a drunken binge. It is
a continuing violation - the sorority acts in
bad faith every day it holds the Cornell chap-
ter in suspension.
Waiting until the fall of 1958, then, commits
the University to association for a year-and-
a-half with a group whose policies it forbids.
For these reasons we are opposed to wait-
ing beyond next fall to give the local a chance
to work within its National.
Sigma Kappa's accounts of the difficulties
involved in holding a national convention this
summer are very likely exaggerated to prey
on the emotional attitudes of Council mem-
bers. Experience with these national officers
does not encourage ready acceptance of what
they say at face value.
Certainly it will be inconvenient to hold a
convention. But if the choice is one of incon-
veniencing Sigma Kappa or hamstringing SGC,
then the fact that Sigma Kappa is wholly re-
sponsible for the difficulties it faces should
determine the issue.
THE ARGUMENTS for permitting Sigma
Kappa to continue rushing are that it must
be a strong house with good morale if it is to
work effectively at changing the National's
policy, and, having let the pledges rush in the
fall, SGC is obligated to let them activate.
Opposed to this is the moral consequence
of permitting more coeds to affiliate with an
organization whose policies are unethical by
University standards. That Sigma Kappa's po-
sition on campus was in jeopardy was made
very clear during rushing. The coeds that
pledged knew the risk they ran. The regulation
Sigma Kappa violated was a moral one - to
let the present pledges activate makes a mock-
ery of the moral significance of the regulation.
We urge, then, that SGC deny Sigma Kappa
the right to activate its pledges and set Sept-
ember, 1957, as the date for withdrawing rec-
ognition if the National has given no concrete
evidence of a change in membership policy.
It should be noted that, having found a vio-
lation, the Council would be acting reasonably
if it immediately withdrew recognition. Any
delay to give the local chapter a chance to
work out its problems is lenient, though jus-
Whatever SGC does tonight, it will have to
act consistently with the logic implied in its
Dec. 5 resolution and by reason rather than
The regulation is a good one-it cannot be
lost for lack of strength to face the unpleasant
task of enforcing it.
INTER-HOUSE COUNCIL Praesidium estab-
listed two parallel committees, December 13,
one student and one staff, to make a food study
following-up the completed work of house
Neither committee has done a thing.
That the staff group hasn't acted is partially
understandable. Certainly it is distasteful for
one group of University employees to investi-
gate another, especially when the Resident
Adviser is on a low rung of the administrative
ladder. If his superiors resist such a study, and
they undoubtedly would, there is little he can
However, the student committee, with its
own interest at stake, has no reason for in-
action. Yet, the committee hasn't even held a
This gives those in the administration who
have little faith in student government justi-
fication for their doubts. The administration
should withhold student government responsi-
bilities if students cannot follow through on
tasks which are self-imposed.
Any student committee which fails to act,
and IHC has several of these, does far more
harm than the immediate failure of their ob-
THE RIGHT TO READ:
Detroit Bureau Censors Obscenity
Wrong Alan ...
To the Editor:
A SERIOUS mistake of fact mars
Mr. Dygerts recent essay,
"The Political Scene" (Daily Mag-
azine, Feb. 7.) According to Mr.
Dygert, . . . the Republican Party
of Illinois was embarrassed by the
discovery that its state treasurer
had found a way to benefit from
I assume Mr. Dygert intended to
refer to the disclosure that the
state auditor, Orville E. Hodge,
had diverted to his personal bene-
fit some one and one-half million
dollars, money which had been
appropriated by the legislature for
the management of the auditor's
office. The expose culminated in
the conviction of Hodge, who is
now serving concurrent state and
federal sentences ranging up to
It is to be emphasized that
Hodge held the office of state
auditor, not state treasurer. Mr.
Dygert's error does grave injus-
tice to former treasurer Warren E.
Wright, who was in no way impli-
On one point, however, Mr.
Dygert was quite correct. The
Republican Party was embarrass-
ed, a discomfort compounded by
certain Irreverents, who during
the recent campaign suggested
that in Illinois the G.O.P. now
means: "Get Orville Pardoned."
It should be added that although
Republicans were returned to
major state offices, no shortening
of Hodge's incarceration appears
-Mort Berfield '58
George or Tom? . .
To the Editor:
IN YOUR issue of Feb. 9 was
printed an article by the Asso-
ciated Press entitled "Ike's Policy
to Widen U.S. Protection. In it
were the words "entangling alli-
ances" supposedly from George
Washington's Farewell Address.
I believe the correct words were
"permanent alliances" referred to
by Washington, as quoted by
Bartlett's. It was Thomas Jeffer-
son who said "entangling allian-
--Charles Dooley '60
To the Editor:
AFTER reading the review of
"The Barretts of Wimpole
Street" in the .February 12 Daily,
I have finally taken it upon my-
self to express sympathy for those
of The Daily who seem no longer
able to enjoy or to find anything
good in a movie that comes to Ann
Being only a lowly freshman, of
course my limited learning is not
comparable to that of The Daily's
critics. I confess that I have not
had the pleasure of reading all
the reviews that have been printed
in The Daily since September, '56,
but I have read many of them.
I have yet to find in any that I
have read, an opinion of the re-
viewer that was more favorable
Referring to two reviews which
especially irked me, I would like
to show the difference between
The Daily review and that of
The two movies are "Giant" and
"The Barretts of Wimpole Street."
Both of these were cut to shreds
by The Daily critics. Time maga-
zine gave a very favorable review
to both, listed them as choice
movies, and called "Giant" the
"best production out of Hollywood
There seem to be discrepancies
among the critics. Admittedly, this
is to be expected although perhaps
not so great a dissonance. When
the gap is so great and it lies be-
tween the professional and the
non-professional, I, for one, would
rather listen to the professional
and urge the non-professional, the
less experienced critic, to examine
himself closely and see if perhaps
he is not wrong.
-John A. Roberts, '60
(Editor's Note: Last of a two part
series discussing freedom to read as
affected by obscenity laws and insti-
tutions, today's article examines an
arm of the law which has caused
Detroit to be labeled "the censor-
ship capital fo the United States"--
the Detroit Police Censorship Bureau.
By JAMES ELSMAN
Daily Staff Writer
THE ONLY PEOPLE in Detroit
who can read "dirty and ob-
scene" books are 14 men in Inspec-
tor Melville E. Bullach's Police
Two months ago they read whole
paragraphs of four-letter words,
about the homosexuality, bedroc.'i
scones, prostitution, and adultry
of the 400-set in John O'Hara's
"Ten North Frederick."sBullach,
a Michigan State University grad-
uate in forestry, and his staff de-
cided the sex emphasis wasn't
necessary to O'Hara's literary in-
tent and they labeled it "objec-
tionable," which resulted in its
removal from Detroit bookstands.
How does the Censorship Bureau
work? From reading the Detroit
papers a clear understanding of
the situation is nearly impossible,
Detroit police do not "ban" books.
They do 'advise" book distributors
whether or not they are likely to
violate the state obscenity statute
by putting a book on their shelves.
To make this work administra-
tively, distributors submit tleir
wares to Bullach's bureau before
they send them to the outlets. If
the bureau finds a "dirty" book
they consult with the City Prose-
cutor and he usually concurs, giv-
ing the book a legal opinion of
"objectionable." This opinion is
then shown to the distributor, in-
forming him of his risk of vio-
lating state law by distributing
* * *
NO DISTRIBUTOR must hold
back a book on the advice of the
police and the prosecutor. Only
when the prosecutor chooses to
take the .case to court, and the
judge finds against the distributor
is a book "banned" in Detroit.
By choice of Detroit distributors
this advisory opinion has been, in
effect, a ban. One of the large
distributors told The Daily, "Al-
though we could probably sellquestion-the legality of the De-
more books if we didn't follow the
advice of the Bureau, for the
money involved it isn't worth
taking a chance of violating state
Which brings up an interesting
point: while all corners of the
United Statesc have labeled the
Bureau as tyrannous, few people
in Detroit object to it, not even
the distributors. The Bureau was
instituted in 1949 upon pressure
from "PTA groups, the American
Legion, and religious groups" re-
ports Bullach. These groups have
remained vigilant since 1949 and
represent the concensus of organ-
ized community opinion today,
cheerleading for the Bureau
throughout public attacks.
* * *
BEFORE ANY person in Ann
Arbor criticizes the Detroit Bureau
he should look under his own nose.
Even in the Athens of the Mid-
West the freedom to read is cur-
tailed, revealed a local bookstore
owner "by the police who drop
in periodically with lists of objec-
The word from one policeman is
that other Michigan cities with
censorship arrangements are halt-
ing operations, waiting for the
courts to resolve "the Detroit
Michigan cities and their cen-
sorship arrangements operate un-
der an antiquated 1931 statute,
declaring it criminal to possess
or sell any printed matter which
tends "to incite minors to violent
or depraved or immoral acts,
manifestly tending to the corrup-
tion of the morals of youth."
This statute is being tested be-
fore the Supreme Court of the
United States at present. In a
staged case, a policeman bought
"The Deil Rides Outside" in a
Detroit bookstore and the state
brought suit against the merchant,
claiming a violation of the state
obscenity law. The Court hasn't
given any opinion in the Butler
case as yet.
While the Butler case questions
the legality of the state statute.
the censorship of O'Hara's book
has encouraged another legal
troit Censorship Bureau. Bennett
Cerf and his Random House Inc.
art sueing the city and the police
on this voint now. They say Bul-
lach and his Bureau exceded their
authority in advising distributors,
arguing that their legal job is
only to arrest a person who has
been judged in violataion of Mich-
igan's obscenity statute.
ANOTHER QUESTION that is
pertinent to the O'Haha incident
is this: hasn't the statute been
violated also when hardcover
books are banned, thus keeping
them out of the hands of adults,
too. The law exists only for the
protection of children. Previous
philosophy had been that juve-
niles couldn't afford the "dirty"
hard-cover books and therefore
they needn't be banned. This indi-
cates a change in the scope of the
ban which Bullach can't explain
However, this isn't the Bureau's
first entrance into the adult area.
They censor parts of plays and
motion pictures now. In short, they
are a Ministry of Culture.
It is easy to cite the Constitu-
tion and condemn the Bureau as
something un-American and tyran-
nical, but Bullach and his staff
who are engaged in the day-to-
day business of preventing crime
in a big city aren't so idealistic.
One told The Daily, "After you
have worked on a couple of sex
crimes where you find that the
killer and violator of a child is a
juvenile who got the idea from a
pocket book, you begin to look at
As yet though, there is a lack
of conclusive scientific evidence
indicationg a casual relationship
between reading pocket books and
In 'conclusion it can only be
said that the situation in Detroit
and other Michigan cities is wait-
ing upon the Court. Two questions
are probably in the forefront of
the Court's thinking and they are
good ones for everyone to keep in
mind-if censorship is necessary,
who should do it? Further, where
is censorship leading?
(Continued from Page 3)
1958, you are urged to take the test
on May 11.
Seminar in Mathematical Statistics.
Organizational Meeting Wed, Feb. 13
at 12 noon in Room 3020, Angell Hall.
Law School Admission Test: Candi-
dates taking the Law School Admis-
sion Test on Feb. 16 are requested to
report to And. B, Angell Hall at 8:45
402 Interdisciplinary Seminar on the
Application of Mathematics to Social
Science, Room 3401 Mason Hall, Thurs.,
3:15-4:45 p.m., Feb. 14, William Hays,
"Perceived Similarity of Persons."
Organic Chemistry Seminar. 7:30 p.m.,
Thurs., Feb. 14. Room 1300, Chemistry
Building. Jack Spencer and Ray Mayer
will speak on "Reaction of Carbenes
istry Seminar. 8:00 p.m., Room 3005,
Chemistry Bulding. Thurs., Feb. 14.
Roger Klemm will speak on "Flash
Interdepartmental Seminar on Ap-
plied Meteorology: Engineering. Thurs.,
Feb. 14, 4 p.m., Room 307, West Engi-
neering Bldg. Frank R. Bellaire will
speak on "Tropospheric Radio Propa-
gation" - Chairman: Prof. Fred. T
Doctoral Examination for Dorothy
Anne Dice Foster, Psychology and
Zoology; thesis: "A Comparison of the
Prairie and Forest Races of the Deer-
mouse, Perymyscus Maniculatus, with
Respect to Certain Measures of Beha-
vior and Treatment", Thurs., Feb. 14,
East Council Room, Rackham Building,
at 9:00 a.m. Chariman, J.V. Neel.
A Program of Eurythmy will be pre-
sented at 8:00 p.m. today in the Bar-
bour Gymnasium. Co-sponsored by the
Department of Art, Department of
Dance, Department of English Lan-
guage and Literature, Department of
Speech, Program of Physcial Education
for Women and The School of Music,
the program of Eurythmy is open to
the public without admission charge,
Meeting of American Association of
University Professors Thurs., Feb. 14,
8:00 p.m., E. Conference Rm., Rak-
ham. Prof. John Kohl will speak on
"The Role of the Senate Advisory Com-
mittee". Discussion and questions after
Professor Kohl's talk.
Representatives from the following
willrbe atthe Engrg. School:
Thurs., Feb. 14
Carrier Corp., Syracuse, N.Y.-B.S. or
M.S. in Ch.E., Elect., Ind., Mech., B.S.
in Aero and Civil for Research, Devel-
opment, Production, Construction,
Sales, and Service and Application E.
Rem-Cru Titanium, Inc., Midland,
Penn.-B.S. or M.S. in Ind. and Mech.;
all levels in Metal.; B.S. in Che.E.,
Elect., Mat., Math., Engrg. Mech., Phy
sics or Science, and Acctg. majors.
Allegheny Ludlum Steel Corp., Pitts-
burgh, Penn. - all levels in Ch. E.,
Civil, constr., Elect., Ind., Instr., Mat'ls
Math., Mech., Metal., Nuclear Physics
and Science for Research, Develop-
ment, Design, Production, Construc.
tion, and Sales. U.S. citizen.
Barber-Greene Co., Aurora, Ill. - all
levels in Civil, Ind., Mat., Mech., and
Engrg. Mech. "or Development, Design,
Sales, and Field Engrg. U.S. citizens.
Fri., Feb., 15
Aberdeen Proving Ground, Maryland
-ail levels in Aero., Ch.E., Elect., Math.,
Mech., Engrg. Mech., Metal., Nuclear,
Physics, and Science for Research and
Askania Regulator Co., Chicago, Il.--
B.S. or M.S. in Elect. or Mech., M.S. in
Instru. for Research, Development, De-
sign, and Sales. US. citizens.
Dept. of Navy, Bureau of Ships,
Washington, D.C.-B.S. or M.S. In Civil,
Elect., Mech., and Naval & Marine for
Summer and Regular, Research and
David Taylor Model Basin, Washing-
ton, D.C. - all levels in Aero., Civil,
Elect., Instr., Math., Mech., Engrg.
Mech., Naval & Marine, Physics and
Science for Summer and Regular Re-
search and Development. U.S. citizens
only for Summer, non-citizens with
permanent visas will be considered for
Farnsworth Electronics Co., Div of
I.T.T., Fort Wayne, Ind. - all levels
in Elect., or Mech. and M.S. or PhD.
for Summer and Regular Research,
Development, Design, and Production.
Hercules Powder Co., Wilmington,
Delaware-B.S. or M.S. in Che.E., Elect.,
Instr., Chemistry, and B.S. in Mech. for
s)eveaopment, Production, Construc-
tion and Sales.
For appointments contact the Engrg
Placement Office, 347 W.E., ext. 2182.
Representatives from the following
will be at the Bureau of Appiontments:
Tues., Feb. 19
Electro Metallurgical Co., Div, of
UCC, Niagara Falls, N.Y.-men with
degrees in LS&A, BusAd, Econ.,-Com-
merce, Acctg., and Finance for Pro-
duction, Industrial and Labor Rela-
tions, Manufacturing, Development,
and Sales. Positions are in N.Y., Mich.,
W. Va., Ohio, Ore., and Calif.
Uarco, Inc., Chicago, Ill., positions
in Midwest-men in LS&A and BusAd
for Sales and Management Training.
R.R. Donnelley & Sons, Chicago Ill.,
-men with B.A., M.A. or PhD. in any
major and in Personnel for Industrial
Placement Testing, Training, and Mgt.
Development, and Customer Services
leading to Sales. Men with B.A. or M.A.
in any field for Purchasing and Traf-
Carnation Co., Los Angeles, Calif.,
work throughout U.S. - men in LS&A
or BusAd for Marketing. and Produc-
For appointments contact the Bureau
of Appointments, 3528 Admin Bldg.,
Smith College School for Social Work,
Northampton, Mass., offers a two year
graduate nrogram leading to a Master
No Special Favors
IN THE FORTHCOMING- meetings with the
British and French premiers, President Eisen-
hower will probably offer cooperation in repair-
ing the schism between the United States and
its two traditional allies. There is question,
however, of the desirability of reestablishing
the same tight alliance which existed before
the Middle East crisis.
During the past year, Britain and France
have betrayed, for the sake of national inter-
RICHARD SNYDER. Editor
RICHARD HALLORANR LEE MARKS
Editorial Director City Editor
GAIL GOLDSTEIN .........Personnel Director
ERNEST rHEODOSSIN ..,.. .. Magazine Editor
JANET REARICK . Associate Editorial Director
MARY ANN TrOMAS .......... Features Editor
DAVID GREY. ............... Sports Editor
RICHARD CRAMER........... Associate Sports Editor
STEPHEN HEILPERN.........Associate Sports Editor
VIRGINIA ROBERTSON....... . Women's Editor
JANE FOWLER...........Associate Women's Editor
ARLINE LEWIS............... Women's Feature Editor
JOHN HIRTZEL............... Chief Photographer
DAVID SILVER. Business Manager
MILTON GOLDSTEIN Associate Business Manager
WILLIAM 0USCH..............Advertising Manager
CHARLES WILSON--.----------. nane Manager
ests, their trusts with the United States. By
rashly rushing into the Suez, they displayed a
lack of willingness to work for the common
interests of all parties involved and ignored
The move resulted in the blocking of the
Suez Canal and a needless oil shortage in much
of Western turope. Regardless of any rationale
Britain and France may offer for entering the
Middle East, they are unquestionably at fault
for the repercussions.
ECONOMICALLY, Britain and France have
been an economic drag for some time. The
Middle Eastern fiasco has further hindered
American trade and drawn upon our resources
unnecessarily in the emergency measures taken
to extricate them. From the military stand-
point, Britain and France can no longer pro-
vide a major portion of the defense of the
West. In short, Britain and France are not
strategically as important to the United States
as they once were.
More important, for this country to offer
special advantages to Britain and France is
out of perspective when many other countries,
formerly insignificant, are now in positions
of international prestige and faced with prob-
lems equal to those of the old world leaders.
The President should make it clear when
he meets with Premiers Macmillan and Mollet
that this country sincerely wishes to renew a
close friendship with their countries, but not
TODAY AND TOMORROW:
U.S. Position in UN a Painful Dilemma
By WALTER LIPPMAN
BOTH THE PRESIDENT and
Secretary Dulles were asked at
their press conferences last week
whether this government would
take sanctions if Israel did not
withdraw unconditionally behind
the armistice lines.
The President replied that if
the UN voted for sanctions, "we
are committed to the support of
the UN." This reply does not really
answer the practical question,
which is whether the United States
will use its own vote and its very
considerable influence to enable
the Arabs, the Afro-Asians and
the Soviet blocs to vote sanctions.
For as the voting blocs are now
aligned in the General Assembly,
and how we exercise our influ-
ence in the General Assembly will
determine what action by the UN
we are committed to support.
THE PAINFUL dilemma in
which we find ourselves arises
from a situation in the General As-
sembly. The basic pact is that Is-
rael can be coerced if we will vote
to coerce her, whereas Egypt can-
not, as the Assembly is now con-
stituted, be corrected at all. Israel
can be coerced if we do not ex-
ercise our veto and instead vote
for sanctions. But Egypt cannot
be coerced because the Arab, Afro-
Asian and Soviet blocs also have a
veto, and what is more will cer-
tainly use their veto.
We are in a dilemma because
ing guerrilla warfare across the
The problem which confronts
the United Nations and the United
States is how to get Israel to with-
draw, thereby ending her war
against Egypt, without putting
Egypt in a position to resume her
war against Israel. The problem is
how to prevent both sides, not
merely one side, from waging war.
THE CONTROLLING fact in
the situation is, as I pointed out
above, that the General Assembly
will, as it is now aligned, exert
pressure on Israel but not on
Egypt. Nasser is, therefore, in a
position to refuse to give any
public assurances that he will cease
to violate the armistice if the Is-
position to stand pat, what with
Israel, which is a democracy, un-
able to stake her security on pri-
vate assurances of what the Pres-
ident, Mr. Dulles and Mr. Ham-
marskjold hope and believe they
can in the future induce Nasser
not to do.
Is there anything else that can
be done? As things stand now, if
Israel withdraws she will have no
assurance from Nasser that he
will not wage war. Israel can get
no assurance from the UN. The
UN will not be permitted to act.
All that is left is some kind of
assurance by the United States
that it will do something about it
all in the future.
THE EASIEST THING to do