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December 14, 1956 - Image 4

Resource type:
Michigan Daily, 1956-12-14

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"Not Very M7h. W aLs New W You?"

342 gtigan al
Sixty-Seventh Year

Mr. ulles

"When Opinions Are Free
Truth Will Prevail"

Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers or
the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.

A Necessary Calculate isk

pHINGS ARE happening fast in Eastern
Europe. The Hungarian revolt is going into
its third month with an effective general strike.
Poles are rioting in Stettin. Rumblings are
heard in Lithuania and Albania. West Germany
has warned NATO that an East German upris-
ing is a distinct possibility.
Meanwhile the United States is sitting back
and watching all this, doing little. Secretary
Dulles has prophesied the disintegration of the
Soviet empire. A good place to start in pushing
the disintegrating process is in Hungary, by
giving supplies and weapons to the Hungarians.
The have already shown they can do their own
There are compelling reasons for such action.
Moral grounds are readily seen. Parallels can
be, and have been, drawn between the current
Hungarian revolt and the American revolution
of 1776. They are self-evident, and need no
P RACTICALLY. aid will benefit both the
United States and Hungary. First, it will
encourage resistance to the Russians in the
other satellites and just might lead to the end
of Communism referred to by Mr. Dulles. It
would certainly carry more weight with the
free world-r-and the Russians-than any United
Nations resolution of condemnation. America
would also take the initiative against the
Kremlin for the first time in ten years. Some-
where Communism must be checked; why not
in Hungary?

This could, admittedly, turn out to be the
opening gun in World War III, with all its
implications: atomic war, death to millions
throughout the world, perhaps even destruction
of civilization. We could force Russia's hand,
arousing her to a full-scale shooting war.
On the other hand, Russia can start a war
whenever she wants, simply by invading any
member of NATO. From all indications, it does
not suit her purposes at the moment. Either
Russia sees she can get what she wants without
a war, or does not think she could, win a general
war right now, and is waiting to build up
Inthe former case, the United States should
show Russia that she cannot achieve her ends
without fighting, and coerce the Soviet Union
into reevaluating her goals before starting a
full-scale war.
In the latter, we have little to gain by wait-
ing for a Russian attack. The United States
is not going to get any stronger, relatively. If
the Kremlin does not think it could win now,
Russian leaders will think twice about sup-
pressing a satellite revolt by military force,
and their other means of fighting it will be
sharply curtailed.
WE HAVE TO TAKE the calculated risk here,
and perhaps go to the brink of war once
For America to lift its hands in pious horror
at the outrages will do no good; we must roll
up our sleeves and pitch in.

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S RE'OR ED from Paris-- no text has been published-Secretary
Duile saici on Tuesday that NATO, while maintaining its military
trenh. sh;ould in its inrnational dealings rely on moral force. This
has been te line taken by the Administration both in the Hungarian
and in h Eyptian affair. It has meant the setting up of a working
the-ory i my View a false theory--that the- alternative to the use of
military freo as an instrument of policy is propaganda-that is to
say arousg public opinion by putting forth declarations and speeches
and restios condemning, deploring and denouncing.
Apoli ich rets olly, or even principally, on the alternatives
of military force and moral force is like a stool which has only two legs.
It will not stand up. Thu third and missing leg is to have negotiable
proposals. The three modes of international action are diplomacy, force,
and propaanda, and to act on the theory that the alternatives are force


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or propaganda will lead either to
futility or disaster. The real al-
ternative to war is negotiation. and
no statesman should ever be allow-
ed to forget it.
THE hARD CORE of diplomacy
is the third led, the working out
of pioposals which are negotiable
because they come to grips with
the issues of a conflict. It is here
that the United States policy has
been lacking, most especially in
the Hungarian trady. .
Quite rightly, so at least it
seems to me. the President took
the decision that he would not in-
tervene in Hungary with military
force. But that decision carried
with it, I believe, the moral re-
sponsibility of a full dress attempt
to bring about a negotiated settle-
ment in which the Hungarian na-
tion would achieve a position com-
parable with that of Poland or,
It is not good enough, indeed it
is embarrassing, to do no more
than to hurl adjectives at Kadar
an d the Soviets-while we assure
them that we won't fight and
while we show them that we do
not know how to negotiate. The
Western world, with the United
States in the lead, should be ad-
dressing the Soviet Union with
proposals for a European system
within which The rations of East-
ern Europe can live in security and
in national freedom
THIS IS URGENT business. and
Secretary Dulles is inviting great
trouble for the fuiurF if he stands
where he has been reported as
standing in Paris on Tuesday. On
the one hand, he vias saying that
we would not intervene. On the
other hand. he vas saying that we
hope for rebellion against and
within the Soviet empire. This is
to play with fire in a situation
which is highly explosive.
The whole situation needs to be
brought under control, brought in-
to a manageable prespective, and
this can be done only if somehow
-perhaps in a mission by the Sec-
retary General of the United Na-
tions to Moscow-there are set go-
ing diplomatic negotiations deal-
ing with a system of European se-
1956 New York Herald Tribune Inc.


Ja anj i& iteatio s

APAN reached a most significant point on
the road back to an honorable place in the
family of nations when she was admitted as
the eightieth member of the United Nations
this week.,
Overlooked in the flurry of other pressing
issues facing the world and the United Nations
today, Japan's admission is a direct outgrowth
of negotiations with Soviet Russia last fall.
Russia's veto of Japan, used several times pre-
viously, was withdrawn as a part of an agree-
ment which included Russian acceptance of
the terms of the San Francisco treaty of 1951,
thus ending a 10 year technical state of war.
Fifteen years ago this month. Japanese at-
tack on Pearl Harbor spread the European
war into World War I. Out of this war was
born the United Nations, dedicated to the pre-
servation of world order and the settlement
Of disputes by means other than violence. The
admission of Japan into this organization is
an important step in the rebuilding and re-
covery of a nation from what has been labelled
one of the truly great mistakes of history.
IT IS NO LESS an important step'for the
United Nations, that a one-time proven ag-

gressor has now come to the point where she
can rightfully join this international assembly.
The efforts of those who have labored for the
success of the United Nations have not been
in vain.
There is a touch of rather grim irony in
the situation. Japan, bitter enemy of the United
States eleven years ago. is now her ally and
a welcome fellow-member of the United Na-
tions. Soviet Russia, valiant fighter in the
struggle aganst fascist aggression a decade ago,
has just been condemned by the United Nations
for the very crime she fought with us to
The example of Japan is one which the
Kremlin might do well to heed. We hope that
Soviet Russia will not commit the same error
Japan did but can arrive at a similarly re-
spected place without making all nations suf-
fer through the throes of another world war.
In the meantime, we offer our congratula-
tions to the Japanese people on their nation's
attainment of membership in the United Na-
Editorial Director

GREAT DEAL of backstage
diplomatic jockeying took place
before the United States finally
agreed to furnish oil to our long-
time allies, Britain and France.
The extent of this jockeying is im-
portant as an indication of how far
the State Department has drifted
away from Western Europe and
how eniptured it has become of
its new-found friends in the As-
ian-Africal bloc.
It took hot warnings by U.S.
Ambassador Douglas Dillon in
France, by General Gmuenther,
former head of NATO, plus a table-
pounding session with Sen. Hu-
bert Humphrey of Minnesota to
jog the State Department out of
its oil boycott of Western Europe.
The Humphrey session was es-
pecially significant. The Minne-
sota Democrat is now serving as
a member of the American delega-
tion to the United Nations in New
York. He came to Washington,
asked to see Acting Secretary Her-
bert Hoover, Jr., but was turned
down. Hoover, a former executive
of Union Oil, closely affiliated with
Gulf Oil which gets most of its
product from the Near East, has
leaned heavily toward the Arab
' * * *
IN THE OLD days, a U. S. Sen-
ator could always see the President
of the United States, to say noth-
ing of the Secretary of State. But
Humphrey was not even able to
see the Undersecretary of State.
Instead he saw Deputy Undersec-
retary Robert Murphy, Robert Hill,
Assistant Secretary for Congres-
sionalARelations, and Francis Wil-
cox, Assistant Secretary for In-
ternational Organizations. They
listened as the Minnesota senator
warned that the State Depart-
ment's oil boycott of England and
France was splitting NATO and
the defense of Europe right down
the middle.

"We put too much into the
NATO A lliance," Humphrey warn-
ed, "to behave like miffed child-
ren toward our old allies."
The State Department officials
argued that the United States had
made so many new friends among
the Arab countries that they didnt
want to antagonize them by selling
oil to England and France.
"Yes," replied Humphrey, "but
your new friends will judge you by
the way you treat your old friends.
If we push our old friends, the
French and British, around just
because they made a mistake and
now admit it, what makes you
think our new friends aren't go-
ing to judge us accordingly?"
In the end, Senator Humphrey
threatened to resign from the
American delegation to the UN if
oil was not sent to England and
France. Other factors influenced
the situation, such as the British
promise to the State Department
that they would announce with-
drawal from Suez, but the furnish-
ing of oil on credit was announced
four days later.
A TIP to Joe De Silva of the
Retail Clerks in Los Angeles:
Waterfront goons are out to do to
you what was done to Harry Brid-
ges near San Francisco or to Vic-
tor Riesel in New York. Look out
... Scott McLeod, Joe McCarthy's
old pal now in the State Depart-
ment is the man who literally has
put the blocks in front of Hungar-
ian refugees' entry into the United
States. At first McLeod was for ad-
mitting refugees, but now he's
fearful there might be a Commu-
nist in the lot . . . there are now
100,000 refugees in Vienna sleep-
ing in tents, o nthe floor or in
ihe open as their reward for
battling Comunism
Georgia Republicans have been
feuding over the Soil-Bark pro-
gram. When GOP National Com-

mitteeman Robert Snodgrass crit-
icized the Soil Bank in Georgia it
so infuriated GOP Georgia Chair-
man Bill Shartzer that he de-
manded Snodgrass be fired.
Sen. Lyndon Johnson of Texas,
the Democrat leader, has cabled
all Dems traveling abroad to get
home by January 1. Otherwise a
loss of one vote could upset the
Democratic margin in the Senate
-and of course lose Lyndon his
his job.
* *, *
BEFORE Vice President ,Nixon
m: de his recent speech pledging
aid to Western Europe, newsmen
were called in for a so-called
"back-grounder." This means they
were told for "background" that
the Nixon speech was to be a great
speech, another way of advising
that it be given headlines.
There have been two important
aftermaths of the Nixon speech.
Upon them will depend whether it
lives up to the advance "back-
ground" billing.
Secretary of the Treasury George
Humphrey said there would be no
aid for Western Europe other than
through the export-import bank
and the International Monetary
Fund. This was in direct contra-
diction to Mr. Nixon, and on finan-
cial matters George Humphrey
usually knows what he's talking
Furthermore, the confidential
budget figures. which already are
made up, bear Humphrey out.
They call for $4,200,000,000 of for-
eign aid which is less than the $4,-
700,000,000 requested last year, and
more than the $3,900,000,000 whcih
Congress voted last year. In the
present budget no money is in-
cluded for France or England. The
average annual expenditure on
foreign aid during the Truman
years firom 1948 to 1952 was $6,-
(Copyright 1956 by Beli Syncbeate, Inc.)

Contradicti0. of L r y uR ct n

BOOKS ARE the staff of educational life-
perhaps more so than are students and
If the right to access of books is violated,
education is stilted and knowledge suppressed.
When libraries disrupt that free flow of know-
ledge, they contradict their avowed purpose of
disseminating information.
The Legal Research Library of the Law
School is guilty of encroachment in its new
policy of not permitting Literary College stu-
dents to take books from its library.
Since there are some books which Lit. school
students need which are not provided in the
general library or are not provided in as great
an abundance as is the same volume, in the
Legal Library, a certain hardship is placed on
those who cannot spend hours in the Legal
Library reading these "closed reserve" books.
THE LEGAL Library recently enacted this
policy because it is said Literary school
people. "don't bring them back."
This, it would seem, is classifying the major-
ity of Literary students using the Legal Li-
brary's facilities as irresponsible, or worse,
Possibly this is not their intention, but their

ruling victimizes the rule-obeying majority as
well as the spoilers of the minority.
An old adage says that it is better to throw
away a few rotten apples than to wait until
they spoil the whole barrel.
The Legal Library seems to have chucked
away the whole barrel rather than taking
measures to salvage the main portion not of
apples but of Literary School readers.
PERHAPS there are not enough Literary
School students using the Legal Library fa-
cilities for them to "matter." The voice of
such a minority is not loud. But should lack
of numbers constitute lack of rights?
Libraries have records with which overdue
books can be traced and monetarily-induced
reprisals for lost books. This was no doubt
the practice used in recovering over-due books
prior to a few weeks ago. But a complete ban is
a much stiffer penalty than any fine.
True, a book overdue could handicap a law
student's use of it. It would seem that some
sort of limited take-out system - if not a res-
toration of the old policy - could be arranged
on weekends or during times when such vol-
umes are not in use by law classes so that Lit-
erary College students might also benefit more

reg . St d en , s. .J1 , a y ? o a 5

THERE S blood, head-shrinking,
tribal skirmishes and the old
male-female conflict, along with
a feathered beastie, at the State.
It seems Curucu, the Beast of
the Amazon, is terrorizing the
Brazilian natives right back into
the jungles to live the good old
life of whooping it up and head-~
shrinking. Our hero, John Brom-
field, sets out to catch the beast
and get those natives back where
they belong, on his plantation.
Accompanied by a red-headed
lady doctor who whispers sweet
nothings about needing the for-
mula for head-shrinking for a
little research project on cancer.
he heads for the jungle. There
they wander about, getting cap-
tured by the wrong tribe and
saved by the right one, killing
the beast along with a few dozen
pythons. crocodiles and natives,
and falling in love.
THE SECOND feature is a{
science fiction film that starts out
uniquely and gets run-of-the-mill
after a while. The Mole People
is introduced by a realistic Pro-
fessor of English from the Univer-
sity of South Carolina. Next thin.;
you know, we're somewhere in
Asia on an expedition with a
bunch of nebulous archeologists,
who stumble onto the ruins of an
ancient Sumerian tribe. While
they're looking the place over, on-
of the party falls through the
ground and whammo!. they've
found an entire civilization living
The folks down there, presum-
ably Sumerians, have a nice litt>,
despotic system going, whipping
slaves (the Mole People) and all.
They resent the intrusion. Fur-
thermore. they can't stand bright
light and the archeologists have
a flashlight, so things go along
pretty well until the batteries run
down. Then it's touch and go for
a while, with the earthmen help-
ing the Mole People, finally get-
-i . a - 11f ad t ntp opr +m r

IAST night the Detroit Sym-
phony played a concert su-
perior to many heard in Ann Ar-
bor recently. There seemed to be
few people from this city pres-
ent, and several seats in the new
Ford auditorium remained empty.
The first part of the program
was devoted to two relatively un-
spectacular works: Berlioz' Ro-
man Carnival Overture, and
Beethoven's Piano Concerto 2.
However, the pianist, young Leon
Fleisher, whom these reviewers
last heard some years ago, has im-
proved tremendously; in fact his
performance is to be compared
with the Schnabel recording, long
a criterion of excellence.
After the intermission, Bartok's
Music for Strings, Percussion, and
Celesta was performed in the ori-
ginal scoring: for chamber orches-
tra. The sounds of the small group
were somewhat lost in the spa-
ciousness of Ford auditorium; a
quality which is both visually and
acoustically evident. The sound
quality is dry, but not unpleasant-
ly so which was helpful in keeping
the contrapuntal lines distinct,
This extremely dfificult work was
played with great skill and pre-
The acoustics of the hall were
most advantageous in the last
work on the program, Rachman-
inoff's heavily orchestrated Rhap-
sody on a Theme of Paganini.
Fleisher again was excellent. As
one ofthe younger generation of
pianists he should have a great
future if he stays out of airplanes.
*, * *
THE PEOPLE of Ann Arbor are
fortunate in having May Festivals
and the Choral Union series bring-
ing four or five orchestras a year
to the campus. But with this fine
Detroit organization less than an
hour away, giving almost weekly
concerts it is surprising that some
arrangement has not been made,
perhaps involving the University's
large bus family, to take groups
of people into Detroit Thursday
or Friday.
The next concert, Thursday,
December 20, at 8:30 p.m., fea-
tures Mendelssohn's fifth sym-
phony, and mezzo-soprano Mar-
tha Lipton singing Ravel's She-
herazade, plus some minor works.
-J. P. Benkard &
David Kessel
The Daily Official Bulletin is an of-
ficial publication of the University of
Michigan for which the Michigan Daily
assumes no editorial responsibility. No-
tices should be sent in TYPEWRITTEN
form to Room 3553 Administration
Building before 2 p.m. the day preced-
ing publication. Notices for Sunday
Daily due at 2:00 p.m. Friday,
General Notices
Christmas Holidays. While the Uni-
versity offices and departments will be
open on the Mondays before Christmas
and New Year's Day, staff members
will have the option of selecting one
of the two Mondays as an additional
holiday. Those staff members who se-
lect the Monday before Christmas as a
holiday will work the Monday before

New Year's, and, conversely, those who
work on the Monday before Christmas
will have the Monday before New Year's
as a holiday.
Janiary Graduates must place orders
for caps and gowns at Moe's Sport
Shop, 711 N. University, before Dec. 21.
Caps and gowns are required for Com-
mencement Exercises Jan. 26, 1957.
Social Chairmen of Student Organi-
7ations are reminded that the calendar
9:; closed to student sponsored activi-
tis for ten days prior to'the beginning
of a final examination period. For the
present semester, no such activities
can be approved beginning Jan. 10. This



- .

eay eet n

LAST night's scheduled boycott at Alice Lloyd
was a culmination of students' feeling that'
the Administration is needlessly disregarding
simple requests.
For the past two months, girls of the Jewish
faith residing in Alice Lloyd have been asking
that at the three weekly served meals, pork and
ham be omitted from the menu. During served
dinners, no substitute is offered, whereas during
the majority of calk-teria-style dinners, left-
overs are available, thus giving some choice.
,!Or/ t - -== .-

The girls realize that any public institution
cannot afford to comply with individual dietary
requests. They do not ask that these foods be
entirely omitted from the weekly menu, but
that they merely be included at other times
during the week. This would cause little in-
convenience to the personnel involved and
would satisfy students.
Students cannot complain that dormitory
personnel have not been in agreement, or that
the staff has not shown sympathy . . . but no
change has resulted. A last minute change in
menus was instituted yesterday morning be-
! V ..I +1 n n f i , I _ _ n-n T 7n -, A

Daily Staff Writer
O NE of the numerous reports
Student Government Coni
was concerned with Wedniscay
night was on the Foreign Student
Leadership Program and its value
on this campus.
SGC ultimately approved a mo-
tion to "apply for a student from
the Forei°n Student Leadership
projecttfo rthe academic year
1957-58 and that the Finance
Committee report on . . . possible
scholarship provisions , .
It was pointed out in discus-
sion that SGC is under no finan-
cial obligation to the program,
that it must apply to have a stu-
dent on this campus if it wishes
to, but has no assurance its ap-
plication will be approved.
Council members also qu.es-
tioned the value of the proram
on campus. Presently. Tom Kano,
Spec is the student attendng
I t nriz-,-,,nyfhr- o +in ,-' tm tih m n-

er ulation of international stu-
dens now on campus rather than
bring a few more here.
ANOTHER OF Wednesday
night's reports concerned the "M"
Handbook. The study committee
came up with several recommen-
dations calling for some revision
in future editions of the hand-
book and technical aid from the
journalism department in its pre-
Council decided to publish the
"M" Handbook to be sent to in-
coming freshmen during the sum-
mers of 1957 and 1958.
One SGC member asked about
fre,;hmen who would enter the
University during the winter. The
answer: there aren't very man>y
of them.
* * *
SGC ALSO heard a past presi-
dent of the National Stidents
Association. Al Lowenstein, en
the subject of student government
.ndt li- ni n Ori nro, rnn iv Tao

the American scene and will be
for some time to come, he said.
Lowenstein also noted the sac-
ifices being madeby Hungarian
students today in their fight for
academic freedom. "You're not
asked to attack tanks with your
bare fists," he told SGC members.
Later in the evening Lowen-
stein met with a smaller group to
criticize the University's student
government and its lack of a con-
* * *
THERE SEEMS to be some
daubt about the functioning of
SGC's Board in Review.
As explained by its chairman,
Prof. Lionel H. Laing, of the
political science department, the
Board reviewys actions oi SGC to
see if these actions have gone be-
yond 1' Regental practice, and 2
administrative policy-
The Board is not an appeals
board, bu a "concerned" person
may nevertheless request a Board
mrmer t o r tim hchairman to

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