FRIDAY, DECEMBER 14,,1956
.THE MICHIGAN DAILY
FRIDAY, DECEMBER 14,1956 THE MICHIGAN DAILY PAGE ThREII
Chinese Socialism Successful
LAW SCHOOL TRIALS:
By DAVID LANCASHIRE
(Editor's Note: David Lncashire
Is a Canadian reporter who spent six
weeks in Communist China and
toured over 5,500 miles.
PEIPING (A)-Lu Ku is a shab-
by, mud-walled village outside
Peiping which looks as though it
has not changed in the last thou-
But behind the sunbaked walls
on the unpaved street where the
mule carts raise a cloud of brown
dust, lives have been altered and
Now a propaganda poster is
pasted to the wall of the outdoor
latrine. There are telephone wires
over the street and a red star,
over the door of the meeting hall.
Lu Ku is the center of the Sino-
Soviet Friendship Agricultural
Cooperative. It is a sample of the
socialization « which has trans-
formed the lives of 108 million
families in China and, to all ap-
pearances, brought them above the
minimum subsistence level that
has haunted the Chinese peasant
Now a family in Lu Ku, by hand-
tilling the soil seven days a week
for eight months and working
with a mule cart on construction
projects for the other four,, can
earn the equivalent of $222 in a
good year. Even in China this is
not, much money. But it * more
than the peasants of Lu Ku have
ever earned before.
Without benefit of machinery,
workers from the 10 villages
which comprise the sprawling
communal farm have by official
account increased production from
the time-worn soil by 600 per cent
The Sino-Soviet is a thriving es-
tablishment of 1,504 families seven
miles from the heart of Peiping.
A goal of $46,900 for the March
of Dimes in 1957 has been set by
the Washtenaw County Board of
the National Foundation for In-
fantile Paralysis, Mrs. James A.
Nichols, board chairman, an-
This amount is one per cent
-of the total national March of
Dimes aim of $46,900,000 and falls
Sshort of the January, 1956 target
of $57,600- by 20 per cent. Mrs.
Nichols said that she expects the
final revenues to exceed the goal.
In 1956, the desired amount was
surpased 'by $16,000, and similar
success is forseen this year.
One-half of the contributions
collected in Washtenaw County
have always been donated to the
national headquarters which allo-
cates the funds into three main
areas: patient care, rehabilitation
and vaccination and scientific re-
search, public education and other
programs of advancement. Polio
has not yet been conquered. The
National Foundation predicts that
20,000 people will have contracted
it by the end of this year, while
10,000 new cases will arise in 1957.
20 Countries, 70 Days, $1305
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Lu Ku is the administrative
center of the farm, which began
in 1951 when 180 families pooledl
their labor under the rulebook
guidance of a staff of Communist;
cadres from Peiping.
Over tea, cigarettes and wet
peanuts pulled from the farm's
humanly fertilized soil, a director
named Kuo Chen told of the co-
operative's development. His prac-
ticed, sing-song recitation never
hesitated for a fact or statistic.
Kuo Chen has told the same story
many times to many visitors.
Landlords were dispossessed and
land redistributed on a common
standard among the peasants in
1950. In 1951, said Kuo Chen, the
village families formed mutual aid
teams of five families each, re-
taining their own portion of land
but working together on them.
The following year, mutual aid
teams grew to 28, production in-
creased and a semisocialist coop-
erative was formed, with peasants
pooling their land and being paid
for land and labor contributed.
Then the 10 surrounding villages
combined into one advanced co-
op of 15,000 mou or about 5,000
acres. All land animals and
equipment were pooled into com-
mon ownership, and members
Judges Pick Winners In First
Round Of Campbell Debates
were paid only for labor contrib-
Kue Chen was asked what hap-1
pened to the landlords who once
owned the village.
"The landlords and the rich
peasants (the interpreter used the
word 'kulaks') are now in the co-
operative," he replied.
"iWth equal privileges?"
"Oh, no. They're third-class
Second and third class 'co-op,
members have no voting rights
in community matters, and are'
paid on a salary basis. A second-
class comrade is a candidate mem-
ber while a third-class is one who
still opposes the movement theo-'
retically, but works on the farm
nevertheless. The director claimed
they received the same salary as
year study abroad has created a
problem in the transfer of cred-
its," Prof. Benjamin Wheeler, fac-
ulty counselor for special pro-
grams said yesterday.
Colleges and universities in the
United States have arranged with
various European institutions to
supervise students and arrange
for testing to transfer grades to
the school from which the stu-
dent expects his bachelor degree.
"Provided the undergraduate of
literary college studies under a
sponsored program," Prof. Wheel-
er added, "the University approves
of junior year study abroad. How-
ever, students who "free lance"
their study without supervision
under a sponsored program risk
transfer of course credits."
Congregational and Disciples Stu-
dent Guild, caroling and UCF party,
7:10 p.m., Guild House.
Michigan Christian Fellowship, John
Stott Lectures, "Where Will It End?"
8 p.m.. Rackham Lecture Hall.
CAMPBELL COMPETITION Judges hear law students debate a
mock court case in the first round of the annual Campbell
Changes in Oil Transportation
SForeseen By 'U' Professor
} _.. ...
International oil trade will un-
dergo major changes in the future,
Prof. Henry Benford of the engi-
neering college, has predicted. ,
Through the construction and
widespread use of large super-
tankers which would travel around
the Cape of Good Hope instead
of through the Suez Canal, the
transportation of oil can be made
far more economical, Benford told
a meeting of the Northern Calif-
ornia Section of the Society of
Naval Architects and Marine En-
The dead weight supertankers
weigh 80,000 tons, and one weigh-
ing as much as 100,000 tons could
be constructed. They can contain
20,000,000 gallons of oil, while the
vessels already in use only hold
half as much. The cost of building
a supertanker is less than twice
as much as is now spent for each
ship, and the crew would be only
slightly more expensive.
The fully loaded ship is one and
a half times as heavy as the stan-
dard model. It could not pass
through the Suez Canal because
its draft would be greater than
the depth of the canal.
However, the total benefits of
the supertanker outweigh the dis-
advantage of the extra 10,000
miles around the Cape of GoodI
Hope. When emptied it could re-
turn via the Suez Canal. Through
this use of the Suez the foreign
supertanker would pay for itself
in two years.
Supertankers are still in the
blueprint stage; thus far only one
has actually been built but plans
have been made to construct many
This vessel would also be profit-
able to the general economy. A
United States supertanker follow-
ing the Cape of Good Hope route
would be a far better investment
than a U.S. conventional Suez
A foreign supertanker would
produce a rate of return invest-
ment 30 per cent higher than that
of the American small ship, 15 per
cent higher than a foreign small.
ship and 20 per cent higher than
an American supertanker.
By SUSAN KARTUS
and JAMES BERG
The first round of the 1956-57
Henry M. Campbell Competition
was held last night in the law
Of the 16 original contestants,
eight argued their way into the
semi-finals. The four winning
teams include: John Lewis, 58L,
and Eugene Wanger, '58L; James
Wills, '58L, and Robert Knauss,
'58L; Eugene Hartwig, '58L, and
James Feibel, '58L; and Lee Ab-
rams, '57L, and Marty Pompapur,
Four separate mock trials were
held simultaneously, from which
the eight winners were chosen.
Each counsel was alloted 20 min-
utes in which to present his case,
during which time any one of
the three judges presiding could!
ART SALE--This picture is one of many on a sale display in the
architecture auditorium lobby. Student and faculty art work will
be sold from 6:30 p.m. to 10 p.m. today and tomorrow in the
auditorium lobby of the architecture building. Profits from the
sale will help subsidize the architecture and design magazine,
"Dimension," an independent student publication which is printed
bi-annually and will appear on campus next week. The art work is
to be selected by a jury. The sale will include paintings, cereamics,
jewelry, sculpture, lithographs and unique Christmas cards.
Among the faculty contributors are Prof. Frank Cassara, Prof.
Donald B. Gooch, Prof. David H. Reider, Prof. Frede Vidar, Prof.
Emil Weddige and Prof. Richard Wilt, all of the School of Archi-
tecture and Design.
and did interrupt with piercing
The judges persisted in cross-
examining each counsel until the
point of law or fact in which he
was interested was clarified to his
satisfaction. The student lawyers,
in turn, found it necessary to
think on their feet, and general-
ly seemed successful in their at-
tempts to justify their position.
The case is a hypothetical one,
appealed from a lower court. This
same case will be used through-
out the semi-final and final
rounds of competition. It is a cor-
poration matter involving the im-
proper sale of securities by the
In the past the final mock trial
was presided over by a justice of
the United States Supreme Court.
As yet, this year's presiding jurist
has not been announced.
for the Finest in Recorded Music
"WHEBE WILL IT END?"
Mr. Stott will conduct a question period on his Thursday evening
lecture, "What Must I Do?", today at 4:00 P.M. in Room 25 An-
By appointment purveyors of soap to the late King George VI, Yardley & Co., Ltd., London
Illinois College of
Applications for admission to
classes beginning February 4,
1957 and September 9, 1957
are now being received.
Three year course
of professional study
Leading to the Degree of
Doctor of Optometry
Requirements for Entrance:
Two years (60 semester hours or
equivalent quarter hrs.) in spe-
cified liberal arts and sciences.
WRITE FOW BULLETIN
3241 So. Michigan Ave.
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Among the sort of sport shirts
that Van Heusen refuses to
make are the following:
Sport shirts that light up in
the dark: These are the kind
that flash messages, like "Hey,
baby, you're a honey," or
"Pass the ashtray, please."
Useful for parties, faculty teas
and cotillion balls. But they
tend to commercialize the
graceful art of conversation.
Sport shirts with road maps
on them: Too dangerous. Say
you're driving from campus
to the big city. You don't know
whether to turn left or right
at the turnpike, so you look
down at your shirt to check.
Edible sport shirts: Too mis-
leading. You're sitting under a
shady tree with your favorite
co-ed. She rests her head gently
on your chest. You think she's
fond of you. Suddenly you hear
"munch, munch," and there
goes your delicious shirt! It
was it she craved, not you!
But the sport shirts that
Van Heusen does make are
fascinating. Dashing checks,
interesting plaids, splendid
stripes, solids in some very
unusual colors. Their cut is
free and comfortable. . . their
style is original and flattering.
Thumb through the collection
that your campus haberdasher
At better stores everywhere,
or write to Phillips-Jones
Corp., 417 Fifth Avenue, New
York 16, New York. Makers
of Van Heusen Shirts " Sport
Shirts Ties - Pajamas
Handkerchiefs - Underwear
Swimwear - Sweaters.
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At your campus store, $1.10 and $1.50, plus tax
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