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"When Opinions Are Free
Truth Will Prevail"
Now? Oh, But Now It's Stopped Raining"
f . _ ow.. T .
Achieves High Stature
AMID A WELTER of new automobile models, Detroit has been given
another work of art, which we hope will not fade as quickly from
public acclaim as the '57's. This was Carlisle Floyd's first opera,
Susannah, produced Sunday at the Detroit Masonic Temple by the
New York Opera Company.
Susannah is a lyrice drama, adapted from the biblical story of
Susannah and the Elders (Douay version, book of Daniel). Placed
in a southern setting, it tells the story of a pretty maid found by the
Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers or
the editors. This mist be noted in all reprints.
TUESDAY, NOVEMBER 13, 1956 NIGHT EDITOR: DONNA HANSON
SGC Needs Demonstration
Of Student Interest
IT'S TRITE, but it should be said.
More than ever before, it is important that
students demonstrate an interest in student
government at the University. SGC's trial
period ends in the spring. At that time, the
Regents will decide whether or not to make the
Council a permanent fixture on Campus. If the
voting turnout is as poor as it has been in the
past two elections, the Regents may decide that
students simply don't care whether or not they
have a voice.
TWO MAJOR FALLACIES about SGC con-
tribute to general apathy around election
time. One is that the Council never tackles
anything worthwhile, but spends its time in
useless wrangles over petty problems. This is
untrue. In the year and a half since its incep-
tion. SGC has investigated the driving ban,
deferred rushing, all University counseling
facilities, Sigma Kappa, the Lecture Committee,
and Residence Halls financing. The SGC Hu-
man Relations Board investigates cases of dis-
crimination involving students, either on cam-
pus or in the city. The Cinema Guild Board
provides two top flight, movies per week for the
admission price of 50c. The Air Charter Plan
allows students and faculty to fly to Europe,
round trip, for $300. Without student govern-
ment, it is doubtful that any of these things
would have been accomplished.
ANOTHER FALLACY is the old refrain, "Well,
they can only recommend; they can't really
do anything. The Administration doesn't care
what students think anyhow." Also untrue. The
Administration has proven itself most willing
to listen to and abide by student opinion. And
it has no Way of knowing what student opinion
is unless students have some official voice.
So it is important to vote, and vote inform-
edly. If you went to the candidates' Open
Houses, think back over what the candidates
said. Read the supplement in last Sunday's
Daily-you'll find out what each candidate
thinks about issues now facing the Council.
Then vote. There are ballot boxes all over
campus, and they'll be there today and to-
morrow. You'll probably pass at least one on
your way to class, so you won't have to go a
step out of your way to do something that is
both your precious right and your academic
A Longer School Year?
LENTHING of the academic year in high minds of the nation's youth in scholarship
school and upper elementary grades has and good citizenship.
recently been proposed by a reputable educator. Granted the increased school year would
Richard T. Arnold, director of basic physical cut down on the summer recess, but the educa-
sciences at Alfred P. Sloan Foundation sug- tional benefits accrued by six extra weeks of
gested a ten and a half month school year schooling would more than offset the cut in
similar to those in Western European countries. .vacation.
He pointed out that the present academic Arnold also pointed out the increased school
year which resulted from an agricultural econ- year would remove teachers from the category
omy isn't adequate for the present time andof seasonal workers and improve their social
handicaps the United States in competition position in the community.
with others. He.advocated a teacher salary increase one-
Among the 'advantages resulting from the third above present scales. He said teachers
lengthened school year would be reduction in should not be forced to throw themselves into
Juvenile delinquency in large cities by keeping the labor market for three months every year
the youngsters profitably occupied when ordi- in order to meet ordinary living evpenses.
narily they would have much free time on their This corollary to his main proposal is also
hands. one which is extremely worthwhile. In present
He also said that many Western European times when teachers are needed desperately and
students were far ahead of Americans of the many are unwilling to enter a career in which
same age in knowledge of hard-core subjects. low pay and mandatory vacations are charac-
He ascribed this advance to the six weeks' more teristic, his suggestion may well provide the
schooling a year which would amount to two spark necessary to increased interest in the
more years of schooling in the twelve year teaching career.
period spent in elementary and high schools. It is hard to argue against the Arnold pro-
posal. It is one which would be beneficial toj
A RNOLD'S PROPOSAL is a worthwhile one children through increased opportunity for
which should be considered seriously. The learning and to teachers who would gain aj
additional month and a half schooling would fairly stable and higher source of income.
provide greater opportunity for training the --CAROL PRINS
TODAY AND TOMORROW:
The Recent Soviet Threats
church elders bathing in a stream a
tive self-righteousness that this is
toss her out of the church. Suffer-
ing betrayal, humiliation, defama-
tion and seduction, Susannah help-
lessly sinks to a bewildered, lonely
life. * .
PHYLLIS CURTIN sings the role
of Susannah with charming inno-
cense, aided splendidly by Norman
Treigle as the itinerant evangelist,
who secumbs to her charms. The
chorus, supporting cast, and orch-
estra, ably led by Erich Leinsdorf,
neatly balance her struggle with
the forces of bigotry.
Rather than criticize, we will
only point out a few items of spe-
cial interest, with the intention of
whetting a few appetites for this
most rewarding work.
The music is in a modern idiom,
liberally interspersed with folk-
like songs, especially a long lament
by Susannah in the second act. Its
length at a dramatic point has
been criticized, yet we have the
feeling that here is a girl, victim of
social outrage, who in a state of
emotional shock sings to herself,
for want of some cheer.
As Susannah, Miss Curtin plays
a straightforward, innocent girl in
love with life. This is her "white
dress" act, which becomes , the
"purple dress" of sorrow during the
second act. Miss Curtin's voice has
a clear, simple quality, well suited
to the characted of her Susannah.
COMPOSER FLOYD used care-
ful taste in his portrayal of
Preacher Blitch. Where he could
have made the preacher a lecher-
ous, deceptive reprobate, after the
manner of Caldwell, he molds a
personality of basic goodness, with
an eagerness for souls, yet in a
moment of weakness falling to
Susannah's tired, unguarded wom-
anhood. His later remorse and at-
tempt at retribution fail patheti-
Baritone Treigle has perhaps the
heaviest role of the opera. Absent
for most of the first act, he al-
most single-handedly carries along
two long scenes in the second act,
highlighted by his dramatic call to
repentance, sung over a hymn-like
chorus, with throbbing orchestral
* * *
THE OPERA is in two acts of
five scenes each. Since they are
short, the dramatic continuity was
achieved by a simple, symbolic,
multi-purpose setting, and pro-
jected back lighting. The sets were
chanuged in dim light without cur-
tain, delaying only a few seconds
between scenes. Very effective.
Hailed as another Menotti, Mr.
Floyd has shown much promise
(and achievement!) in his first
major work. It is not perfect, but
few operas are. A full view of all
the high points of a memorable
afternoon would require too much
space. We can, however, guarantee
that anyone who has the oppor-
tunity to attend Susannah in a
future production will find his
time profitably spent.
By WALTER LIPPMANN
IT IS NOT yet clear whether the
Soviet notes to Britain and
France were in fact what they
seem to be-a threat of Soviet in-
tervention in the Middle East.
They contained the sentence
which, as broadcast by Moscow.
says that "We are fully determined
to crush the aggressors and restore
peace in the East through the use
of force." And this sounds as if
"we"-namely the Soviet govern-
ment-were fully determined etc.,
etc. If this were what the notes
meant, they would in fact be an
ultimatum, though without a time
limit, threatening war against
France, Britain and Israel.
However, when the' notes were
given out for publication, the offi-
cial spokesman of the Soviet For-
eign Office in Moscow said in an-
swer to questions from the corre-
spondents of the New York Herald
Tribune and of The New York
Times that the "we" referred to
the United Nations. This would
seem to mean that the Soviet gov-
ernment will intervene with force
in the Middle East if the United
Nations authorize it. The United
Nations has not authorized it..
The two interpretations are as
far apart as night and day, and it
looks very much as if the Soviet
government had intended it to be*
that way. It looks as if they had
meant to give the appearance of
an ultimatum for its popular ef-
fect and yet not to make a commit-
ment which could not fail to pre-
cipitate a world war. For there can
be no real doubt in anyone's mind
in the Kremlin that if Russia tried
to "crush" our allies, Russia would
have to deal with us.
* * *
WE ARE NOT, however, enti-
tled, I think, to conclude compla-
cently from this that the big
words of the Soviet threat can be
discounted as sheer bluff. The ba-
sic fact is that in both of the two
crises of recent weeks-the East
European and the Middle Eastern
-there has been a deep challenge
to the vital' interests of the Rus-
sian empire. Had the Hungarian
rebellion succeeded, and had it
spread by the contagion of its ex-
ample, the satellite orbit would al-
most surely have been not Titoist
and neutral but anti-Communist
and anti-Russian. Had the British
and the French succeeded in
knocking out Nasser, they would
have knocked out the center of
Soviet influence in the Middle
Eastern Europe has for more
than two centuries been in Rus-
sian eyes of vital interest to them.
The Middle East has for at least
a century been an object of Rus-
sian imperial ambition. Under Sta-
lin-thanks to the European civil
war which Hitler started-the
Russian imperial power became the
master of all of Eastern Europe.
Under Stalin's successors, Russia
has for the first time in our his-
tory succeeded in winning a place
of power in the Middle East.
In the past few weeks the whole
post-war gains of Russia have been
la nude. Feeling in their conserva-
a sign of her inherent evil, they
put in jeopardy, and for the past
week Moscow has been reacting
violently to this situation.
* * *
THERE ARE ominous signs,
though they are no more than
signs, that the men who are now
top-dog in the Kremlin may not
stop at the subjection of Hungary.
There is less promise than there
wag a few weeks ago of a stabili-j
zation of Russian intentions about
Poland. There are storm warnings
which cannot safely be ignored.
We should take great precautions.
We should use strong measures
against propaganda from our side
of the Iron Curtain which could
be treated by the Soviets as a
provocation or as a pretext for in-
tervention. And we should do all
that we can to keep on reassuring
Moscow that they have nothing to
fear for their security in Gomul-
In the Middle East the Soviet
government will, we may be sure,
find ways to intervene, short of
the kind of intervention which
would precipitate- a worldswar.
They will be using the crisis to
expand their influence with Nasser
and with his followers in the other
Arab states. The notes addressed
to Britain and France on Monday
may not have been, were probably
not, an ultimatum in the full
meaning of the word. But they are.
notice that the Soviet Union means
to act in the Middle East, and that
its aim is to be the dominant pow-
er in the settlement.
1956, New York Herald Tribune Inc.
The Daily Official Bulletin is an of-
ficial publication of the University of
Michigan for which the Michigan Daily
assumes no editorial responsibility. No-
tices should be sent in TYPEWRITTEN
form to Room 3553 Administration
Building before 2 p.m. the day preced-
TUESDAY, NOVEMBER 13, 1956
VOL. LXVII, NO. 45
Choral Union Members whose atten-
dance records are clear will be extended
the special courtesy of passes to the
concert by Elisabeth Schwarzkopf, by
calling at the offices of the University
Musical Society in Burton Tower, on
theday of the concert, Nov. 14, be-
tween 9:00 and 11:30 a.m. and 1:00 and
National Teacher Examinations: Ap-
plication blanks for the Feb. 9, 195
administration of the National Teach-
er Examinations are now available at
122 Rackham Building.
Selective Service Examination: Stu-
dents taking the Selective Service Col-
lege Qualification Test on Nov. 15
are requested to report to Room 130
Business Administration, at 8:30 a.m.
Lecture, auspices of the Departments
of Classical Studies and Fine Arts.
"Princeton Excavations in Sicily", by
Prof. Erik Soqvist, Princeton Unkver-
sty, 4:15 p.m., Tues., Nov. 13, Rackham
Ivy Baker Priest tonight at 8:30.
Treasurer of the United States, Mrs.
Priest will be presented tonight in Hill
Auditorium as the fourth number on
the Lecture Course, speaking on "Our
Monetary system." Tickets are on sale
today 10 a.m. - 8:30 p.m. in the Audi-
torium box office.
University Lecture: 4:15 p.m. Wed.,
Nov. 14, Aud. A, Angell Hall, "Symbo-
lism in the works of J.S. Bach," by
Karl Geiringer, professor of Music and
head of Graduate Studies in Music at
Boston University. Open to the general
Economics Club, Wed., Nov. 14, 8:00
p.m., Rackham Amphitheater. Dr. Nich-
olas Kaldor, economist of Kings Col-
lege will speak on, "Conditions of
Economic Development." Staff mem-
bers and graduate students In eco-
nomics and business administration
urged to attend. All others invited.
Concert. Elisabeth Schwarzkopf, Ger-
man opera star and concert singer,
will.give a program of songs and arias
in the third concert of the Extra
Series, Wed., Nov. 14, at 8:30 p.m. in
A limited number of tickets are avail-
able at the offices of the University
Musical Society in Burton Memorial
Tower; and will also be on sale after
7:00 on the night o the concert at
the Hill Auditorium box office.
Two Tutorial sections of Sociology I
will be offered during the second semes-
ter to provide an opportunity for a
more intensive and indivdualized in-
troduction to sociology for superior stu-
dents. Enrollment in each section is
limited to ten students. Freshmen and
sophomores with a grade point average
of 3.0 are eligible to apply for admis-
sion to these sections. Interested stu-
dents should see Prof. Ronald Freed-
man in Room 5626 Haven Hall on Mang
from 10-11 a.m. and 4-5 p.m. and Fri.,
from 4-5 p.m.
Mathematics Club. Tues., Nov. 13, at
8 p.m.. in the West Conference Room,
Rackham Building. Prof. J. L. Ullman
wil speak on 'Problem in Harmonic
The Extension Service announces the
following class to be held in Ann Ar-
bor beginning Tues., Nov. 20: Efficient
Reading 11, 7:00 p.m. 524 University Ele-
mentary School. Enrollment limited to
eighteen. Eight weeks. $11.00. John E.
Valusek, Instructor. Registration for
this class may be made in Room 4501
of the Administration Building on
South State Street during University of-
Romance Languages Journal Club
Wed., Nov. 14 at 4:15 p.m., in the East
Conference Room of the Rackhamn
Building. Prof. Mikel Dufrenne, Uni-
versity of Poiters, will speak on "L'or-
ganisation et l'esprit de 1'enseignement
en France." Staff members and gradu-
ate students of the Department are
urged to attend.
Operations Research Seminar: The
Wed., Nov. 14 session of the seminar will
be held at 4:00 p.m. at Willow Run,
Building 153. No coffee hour.
Botanical Seminar: Prof. A. C. Leo-
pold, Purdue University, will speak on
"The Function of Plant Growth Hor-
mones." Wed., Nov. 14, 4:15 p.m., 1139
Natural Science. Refreshments at 4:00.
Doctoral Examination for William
Franklin Jewell, III, Geography; thesis;
"The Influence of Shore Processes on
SPORTS EDITORS across the world may some
day be forced to schedule and print headlines
reading: "Olympic Games End." If participat-
ing nations continue to withdraw from the
Games at the current rate, that date may not
be too far in the future.
Friday, Switzerland became the sixth nation
to withdraw from the 1956 winter Olympics.
Previously, Spain, the Netherlands, Iraq, Egypt,
and Communist China told the International
Olympic Committee they would not participate
in the Games. Rafael Hernandez Coronado,
secretary of the Spanish sports delegation, said
his country intends to boycott the Games be-
cause of Russian participation. Switzerland said
she would not allow her gymnasts to compete
Representatives of other nations have ex-
pressed concern over current strife in Hungary
and claim they will not decide their status in
the 1956 Olympics until the last possible
moment. Reports received by the International
Olympic Committee in Chicago last week list
Denmark, Luxembourg and Norway among un-
RICHARD SNYDER Editor
RICHARD HALLORAN LEE MARKS
Editorial Director City Editor
GAIL GOLDSTEIN.................Personnel Director
ERNEST THEODOSSIN............... Magazine Editor
JANET REARICK..........Associate Editorial Director
MARY ANN THOMAS................ Features Editor
DAVID GREY,. .... ..................... Sports Editor
RICHARD CRAER.......... AssociateSports Editor
STEPHEN HEILPERN.......-..Associate Sports Editor
VIRGINIA ROBERTSON.............Women's Editor
JANE FOWLER.............Associate Women's Editor
ARLINE LEWIS..............Women's Feature Editor
JOHN HIRTZEL...................Chief Photographer
DAVID SILVER, Business Manager
MILTON GOLDSTEIN....Associate Business Manager
WILLIAM PUSCH.....:............ Adertising Manager
SPEAKING IN Lausanne last week, Otto
Mayer, chancellor of the committee, said
"It is a disgrace that Switzerland, a neutral
nation and the very country where the Interna-
tional Olympic Committee has its headquarters,
should set such a shameful example of political
interference in the Olympic Ideal."
We think Mayer is correct, as is Avery Brun-
dage, the committee's chief, who said "The
Olympic Games are contests between individuals
and not between nations. We hope that those
who have withdrawn from the Melbourne
Games will reconsider."
In this world of confused politics and mixed
loyalties, the annual Olympic Games provide
just about the only chance for Cold War antag-
onists and opponets to compete on a friendly
basis. To take away the Olympic Games when
the world relations are as strained as they are
today would be almost as disastrous as elimina-
tion of the United Nations. Yet, this is what
we are approaching.
Melbourne, Australia, will be the scene of
this year's Olympics. American Olympians will
be seeking to maintain world dominance in
track and field events in the spacious, ti'iple-
decked 110,000-seat Melbourne Cricket Ground.
And, Melbourne, according to press correspon-
dent's reports, is ready to play host to the
world, doing it up in fine style. But, Melbourne's
preparation is overshadowed by the serious fate
of the Olympics.
THE SIX NATIONS that withdrew, the three
contemplating such withdrawal, and any
other with dubious Olympic status might do
well to reconsider the situation and retain mem-
bership in the 1956 Olympic Games.
"Olympic Games End" would make a poor
N ew Bo iks at the Library
Anderson, Courtney-To the Golden Shore;
Boston, Little Brown, 1956.
Chang, Diana-The Frontiers of Love; N.Y.,
Random House, 1956.
Durrell, Gerald-The Drunken Forest; NY.,
LETTERS TO THE EDITOR:
International, Nlational, and Local 'Crises'
National Good Will.. .
To The Editor:
THE ALLEGATION contained in
Messrs Desai and Shah's letter
to the Michigan Daily of Novem-
ber 3, 1956, that the name of the
International Students Associa-
tion or my position as the presi-
dent of ISA were used to enhance
the interest of the national club
which sponsored the oriental mo-
vie "Vagabound", is as false as it
At no place at any time was
the name of the ISA used either
for publicity purposes or for seek-
ing cooperation from any individ-
ual. All members of the ISA cabi-
net, the Faculty Adviser of the
ISA, the Office of Student Affairs,
the Student Government Council,
the Cinema Guild Board, and all
those who were in a position to
know or wished to know were
aware that the movie was being
sponsored by a certain national
The Michigan Daily was prompt
in correcting its mistake of identi-
fying the movie with ISA. Further-
more, nobody cooperated with the
national club because of pressure
from the ISA or its president. In
fact, the ISA has no power but
It may be pointed out, however,
that if in the future the ISA does
help any national club in its
worthwhile program of activities,
it will be totally in accord with
British Sentiment .
To the Editor:
THIS letter is written by request
of many British students and
to give an American's impression
of the reaction in Oxford to the
recent "police action" taken by.
Oxford has been of late a Con-
servative stronghold and it is to
be expected that voicesraised in
defense of Sir Anthony Eden's
policy would be clearly heard here.
However, there is apparently a de-
cided lack of those favoring or at-
tempting to justify said policy.
The reader's attention is, call-
ed to the policy concerning
"Letters to the Editor." Because
of space limitations it is neces-
sary that letters not exceed 300
words; hence, letters longer
than this limit must either be
cut, or filed indefinitely. It is
in the reader's interest to keep
letters short and to the point.
The University has reacted strong-
ly against the Government.
It is a well known fact that Ox-
ford is decidedly apathetic to po-
litical crises and it is sufficiently
surprising that any action has
been taken, evoking comments
from the English press. Particular
reference was made to the protest
petition signed by the Senior mem-
h-,rc onf +Iha UTirI,,ci,jI wnrhn ,'oroln
This reaction is prevalent also
among those in Oxford not at-
tached to the University. One ex-
ample can be seen in the experi-
ence of a House Counselor at St.
Anne's College, who was shopping
yesterday and noted a rise in
food prices. She asked the shop-
keeper if any prices had gone
down. His reply was that English
prestige in the world was the only
thing which had been lowered.
The general opinion that I have
observed is that the British people
are deeply shamed at the action
of their government. A serious
blow has been struck at the
strength of the United Nations, the
unity of the Commonwealth, An-
glo-American relations, and the
principles of moral justice in for-
eign policy. Mr. Bertrand Russell
termed the action "lunacy", and
newspapers, among them some
Conservative ones, have been ve-
hement in their denunciation of
Sir Anthony Eden.
It is hoped by my English friends
that Americans will not judge the
British people by the disgraceful
action of their government. An ex-
cerpt from an editorial in The
Observer summarizes their feeling.
"Nations are said to have the gov-
ernments they deserve. -Let us
show that we deserve better."
-Ann M. Burton
sion. Strange! but the "new de-
velopments in the life of Moham-
med" have received greater pub-
licity, not to mention the Ann Ar-
bor Civic Symphony.'
Another such episode of pro-
motion-apathy, and we'll be having
these concerts in Auditorium A.
-Brendan Liddell, Grad,
To the Editor;
I WAS AMAZED and irritated to
read in The Daily that SGC,
while voting to permit the Moral
Re-Armament movement to bring
two plays to campus, also passed a
motion in which "SGC recommends
to the student body that each
member give serious consideration
to the goals and principles of Moral
I have no objection whatever to
SGC's granting the opportunity
to Moral Re-Armament, or to any
other group, to present its point of
view. But the motion accompany-
ing SGC's action seems not only
irrelevant but also improper.
The job of SGC, in my opinion,
is to advance the welfare and in-
terests of students by the respons-
ible and imaginative exercise of
governmental functions. In a dem-
ocratic society, the functions of
governments should not include
the official recommendation to
their constitutents of religious,
social or political beliefs, no mat-