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November 08, 1956 - Image 4

Resource type:
Michigan Daily, 1956-11-08

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

Sixty-Seventh Year

"I'l Be Glad To Restore Peace To The Middle East, Too"

"When Opinions Are Free
Truth Will Prevail"

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'Plowboy' Sports
Superficial Trappings
THE RECENT crop of "sophisticated" girly magazines is ripe for
reaping and Gargoyle has volunteered to do the cutting down.
The procedure in producing a magazine parody is quite simple
choose your target, examine the contents, note those features easiest
to poke fun at, poke fun. The pattern of organization and physical
layout can follow, point by point, the pattern of the original. There
can be the same departments, features, format and tone - all slightly

Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers or
the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.

Free World in Quandry
Over Hungarian Situation

THE SOVIET MOVE to crush the Hungarian
struggle for freedom is without a doubt one
of the most heinous crimes of the century-one
of the most merciless and inhuman massacres
in recent history.
This return of the Soviet Union to the use
of brute force to keep their slaves in line marks
in blood a reversion to the old Stalinist methods.
The Hungarian people became fed up with
their subjection to the Russian despots, and
dared to launch a struggle to break away and
set up a government of their own choosing.
Their courage was rewarded with merciless
slaughter-the slaughter, not only of active
rebel combatents, but of innocent people. The.
Russian invaders overwhelmed the Hungarian
nation in one mighty blow, shooting down
everyone in sight, be it man, woman or child.
Such cold blooded mass murder is unforgiv-
WHAT CAN WE do about it? The Free World
is in a quandry. There are a number of
considered alternatives, but none so far fills the
need. Sympathy the victims have in abundance,
but that is no help. Censure of the murderers
sounds good, but is totally ineffective. The
Western world* can deplore the Soviet action
till it's blue in the face, but that doesn't save
any lives.
Armed intervention is certainly called for, but
that is impractical. The result could only be
all-out war, and the subsequent loss of many
more lives.
A United Nations police force, such as that
set up in the Middle East conflict, would be
worthless, for there is nothing to police until
the Communist hordes are first driven out. And
this brings us again to war as a solution.
Probably the best course open to us now is
one midway between the mere extension of
sympathy and sending military aid. Though it
is far from sufficient, the least the Free World

can do now is to send help in the form of mili-
tary, medical and food supplies.
So far, even that has not been done to any
appreciable extent, except for some food and
medical supplies sent through the international
Red Cross, despite the desperate pleas of the
embattled rebels.
BEFORE THE LAST of the rebel efforts
is wiped out, the West should mobilize a
relief airlift. The few rebel strongholds re-
maining report a critical shortage of ammuni-
tion, as well as food and medicine. To at least
make an attempt to reach them with material
aid, with something more than sympathy and
verbal encouragement, is an obligation.
Even though this may not save the Hungarian
nation at this stage, it will at least serve as an
encouragement to other oppressed people with
revolt in mind-the East Germans, the Ruman-
ians, the Poles and others who have not yet
dared to give any overt sign of their desires,
as these have.
The East Germans and the Rumanians have
shown their unrest in small scale demonstra-
tions. The Poles succeeded in attaining at
least partial separation from Moscow domina-
tion, and are reported again seething with un-
rest over the Hungarian tragedy.
We owe it to these people to make every
possible effort to encourage them. The masters
fear the slaves, as is shown by the extreme
precautions taken recently by the Soviet occu-
pation forces in East Germany and Berlin.
IF ENOUGH of them arose at once against
their Soviet "leaders," the end of the threat
of world communism would be in sight.
Any relief action could best be taken through
the United Nations, but it is up to the United
States, as leader of the Free World to initiate
such action.


4-4-E~ 2L- oc #w
'qr '9S{r -r+EL4Ast14~tcrr .iPaCS'r'.

Green Candles in the Windows ..


New Senate an Improvement

THE MOST STRIKING thing about the
election returns - aside from the width,
breath and depth of the Eisenhower majori-
ties-is the divergence again shown between the
Democratic Party, which increased its control
of the Senate and its majority of the governor-
ships and experienced very few losses in their
margin of House control, and President Eisen-
hower, who widened his 1952 margin by several
percentage points.
Despite the Eisenhower landslide, the Demo-
crats have emerged from this election even
stronger than they did from that in 1954. New
faces like Clark in Pennsylvania, Furcolo in
Massachusetts and Church in Idaho, plus a
number of other new Senators and Governors,
have provided a healthy injection of promising
new blood. Senator-elect Clark, especially, is
a man who bears watching in future contests.
Lest there be too much Democratic cheer over
their party's. continuing majority status', it
should be remembered that such things are
subject to change, especially under the appeal
of so popular a leader as Dwight Eisenhower.
Democrats need only recall this country's
political transformation from 1928 to 1948
under the tutelage of Franklin Roosevelt, and
and President's victory will seem more fore-
Again, however, they can take consolation
in the fact that as yet Eisenhower's popularity
has not generally rubbed off on his party and
there have been no events comparable to the
Great Depression to completely alienate large
groups of onetime Democratic voters.
LIBERALS of both parties can be encouraged
by the outcome of yesterday's Senatorial
contests. The comparison between the 84th
and the new 85th Senate runs like this:
Colorado--John darroll for conservative Eu-

gene Milikin is a definite improvement in
liberalism if not intelligence.
Georgia-Demagogue Herman Talmadge is
replacing moderate old Walter George, a de-
cided setback for any form of rationality.
Idaho-Young internationalist Frenk Church
is replacing crusty conservative Herman Welker,
a member of the shrinking McCarthy clique iii
the Senate.
Kentucky - Internationalist John Sherman
Cooper, who did an impressive job as Ambas-
sador to India, won the seat of the late Alben
Barkley, no great loss for the cause of liberal-
ism. Cooper's experience should make him a
real asset to the Senate.
Ohio-Conservative Democrat Frank Lausche
defeated conservative Republican George Ben-
der, who had shown signs of liberalism as he
grasped for the President's coattails. Probably
some improvement from the liberal viewpoint.
Pennsylvania-Ultarliberal Joseph Clark beat
out moderately liberal Republican James Duff,
in something of a gain. Clark's comparative
vigor must also be counted a liberal asset.
New York -- Probably little change, as ultra-
liberal Republican Jacob Javits took over the
seat of ultraliberal Democrat Herbert Lehman.
West Virginia -- The last of only two
decided liberal setbacks. Former Senator Chap-
man Revercomb, of the barnacled wing of the
Republican Party, succeeds to the seat of the
late liberal Sen. Harley Kilgore, whose seniority
was a positive asset in making him chairman of
the Judiciary committee and a negative one
in keeping James Eastland out of that post.
THE 85TH SENATE, then, should find the
Dixiecrats slightly stronger, but with Old
Guard Republicanism on the decline, the liberal
Democrats and Republicans both increasing
their seats in the Senate.

A LITTLE MAN from beleaguered
Hungary came to see me the
other day. On his left arm was
tattooe dthe number "B.12305,"
cruel reminder of his slave days in
Hitler's Auschwitz concentration
camp. He did not show me the
number on his arm. I learned about
it by accident, just as I learned
other things about him by acci-
Dr. Bela Fabian, exiled leader of
Democratic Party in Hungary, first
came to see me a good many years
In between, a lot of things had
happened. Among them, Arkady
Sobolev, Soviet delegate to the
United Nations, recently denounced
Dr. Fabian as "The leader of the
anti-popular underground move-
ment" for which preparation had
"begun as early as June 27, 1956."
Sobolev was telling the truth-
as far as he knew it. What he
didn't kno wwas that Fabian's
undergorund preparation began
long before June 27, 1956. It began
even before the first time I met
him in 1950 when he tipped me
off to the fact that the doctor
who administered the drug to Car-
dinal Mindszenty at his trial was
now Hungarian minister in Wash-
ington. The campaign I waged to
force the recall of Dr. Emil Weil
from the Hungarian legation was
the result of Dr. Fabian's under-
ground intelligence.
FOR YEARS Dr. Fabian had
been telling me: "The Hungarian
people will revolt. Hungary will be

the first country to challenge its
Soviet masters. I know my people.
I know the unrest among the
peasants, even in the army. With
a little help from you Hungary
will burst into flame."
"But how do you know this?" I
pressed him. "You have been away
a long time."
"I will give you one clue," was
his reply. "The green candles in
the windows. Green is the color
of the Peasants' Party. It has
become the symbol of freedom, the
symbol of protest, of revolt. All
over Hungary you will see green
candles in the windows. The
Soviets can't stop them.
"You will also see green paint
on the walls-slaps of green paint.
It's a symbol. Your crusade for
freedom has helped this. Your
balloons have helped. They have
carried messages which keep the
spirit of freedom alive. They have
spread green all over Hungary.
You do not believe me, but the
Hungarian people are stirring,
They will rise up when the time
comes, and then they will look to
you for help."
OVER AND OVER again during
the past five years, the gnarled old
refugee from Hungary warned me
what was coming. He came back
last week to remind me of his
warning-and to ask for help.
"What can the United States
do?" I asked.
"You can risk a little blood," he
said. "Risk a little blood now, and
you save a great deal of blood later.

"This could be the beginning of
Warld War III," he said, "or it
could be the way to head off World
War III. It all depends on you.
If you let the Hungarian people
down there will be no more revolt
behind the Iron Curtain. Poland
is watching H ungary. Czechoslo-
vakia is watching. Rumania, Bul-
garia, Albania-all are watching
"You would not believe me when
I told you several years ago that
the Hungarian people would be
the first to rise. But it was true. I
told you about the green candles.
It was true. I have always told
you the truth. I told you about
Dr. Weil. You exposed him, and he
was recalled. He is now dead.
They purged him.
* * *
"NOW IS THE TIME for you to
help your friends behind the iron
errtain, if you don't want the
Soviet to become a juggernaut
which some day will rise up and
crush you too.,
"You have heard the cries of
the people of Hungary. You have
heard their appeals for help. I
have told you the truth before-
always the truth. I tell you the
truth now. If the Soviet crushes}
thhe flaming spark of freedom in
Hungary-if you let it be crushed--
then you and I, as we sit here, are
witnessing a new Russian march
of conquest that can lead only to
World War III."
(Copyright 1956 by Bell Syndicate, Inc.,)

altered to make the pomopsity of
the original apparent.
But the success of a parody oft-
en depends on readers familiar
enough with the original to see
the point. The authors of the Nou-
veau Riche, Gargoyle parody of
The New Yorker, almost dropped
the idea of a parody when they
discovered that Garg had a wider
circulation in town than did The
New Yorker. I am informed that
this danger does not exist with
* * s
AND THE CRITIC too must be
expected to know the original pro-
duct before he dare judge the
worth of the substitute.
iWth this consciousness of criti-
cal responsibility firmly in mind,
I pushed back my chair from the
typewriter, licked my lips and
set out in quest of-knowledge. My
quest took me to the Blue Front
Cigar Store where, after a few
nervous glances about, I made for
the rack of girly magazines. I had
to wait my turn. A new shipment
had evidently just come in and the
crowd was three deep in front of
the rack.
After about tenhminutes I man-
aged to get my hot hands on a.
publication which called itself
Bloodlust. The cover was pleasing
enough (a gorilla was nibbling the
neck of giggling buxom blonde)
but it was several minutes before
I jostled out enough room to turn
the pages. (There was a Profes
sor of Econ on my left and an "M"
man on my right and neither
would jostle easily.) I soon re-
membered that it was not just
bloody pulp I was seeking but
slicks with names like Leer, Smirk,
Cad, and Churl. They, like Play-
boy and Plowboy seem to be seek-
ing financial security through
"sophisticated" sexual expression.
* * *
THEY ARE ALL trying to get
something (money) for nothing
(nakedness). A distinguishing fea-
ture seems to be the large center-
fold color-photo of a girl bare
from the guggle to the zatch.
Armed with this sort of knowledge
I re-examined Plowboy.
It seems obvious that a great
deal of time was put in on produ-
cing Plowboy. It seems sad that
an enormous amount of time was
not put in. Good dirty fun is made
of the content and attitudes of
Playboy; and Plowboy is most suc-
Center' On
"STORM CENTER," starring
Bette Davis, is a striking film
about a small town librarian who
is fired for refusing to suppress
a book called "The Communist
It is the story of a community
beset by hallucinations of a "red
menace" and confused by a young
McCarthy-type ("look for Reds
under the beds") politician who is
Ihooking on to a good issue.
As a documentary attempting to
portray the "witch-hunt" atmos-
phere of the post-World War II
decade, -the film is convincing.
However, as a filh drama, it is
choppy and somewhata unbe-
* * *
PERHAPS this was the deliber-
ate intention of scenarists Elick
Moll and Daniel Taradash. Rath-
er than offering a neat film play
in which the audience would sim-
ply empathize with the protagon-
ist and achieve catharsis with the
eventual resolution of conflict,

they chose to present an exposi-
tion of a crucial domestic problem.
iMss Davis refuses to ban the
pro-communist book even though
she personally dislikes it. She be-
lieves in the free expression of all
ideas, irregardless of their popu-
larity or unpopularity.
A mass meeting is called by a
sympathetic minister to defend
the librarian. Only 20 show up,
greatly due to intimidation by the
local newspaper. Miss Davis dis-
misses the group, stating that she
prefers not to fight. And several
of her supporters, fearful of their
own positions in the community,
are quite thankful for her inaction..

ce'ssful in its stories and articles.
Plowboy dutifully furrows its ear-
thy path through the departments,
features, and ads of Playboy. But
the artwork, though fin 'in itself,
fails as parody, there being no
recognizablegcounterpart in the
original magazine.
Another quarrel to be laid at
the art editor's door is the hardly
better than rudimentary attempt
to employ similar type, format
and layout. These superficial trap-
pings of parody can frequently de-
light far beyond any reasonable
expectation. Not attending to
them leaves the reader, after the
first few pages of Plowboy quite
certain he is looking at the same
old Gargoyle.
-Richard Laing
(Continued from Page 2)
cia1 events are approved for the coming
week-end. Social chairmen are re-
minded that requests for approval for
social events are due in the Office of
Student Affairs not later than 12:00
noon on the Tuesday prior to the
Nov. 8: Helen Newberry.
Nov. 9: Chinese Student Club, Delta
Theta Phi, Evans Scholars, Kappa Kap-
pa Gamma, Phi Delta Phi.
Nov. 10: Anderson-Cooley, Alpha Ep-
silonri P, Alpha Kappa Kappa, Allen,
Rumsey, Acacia, Alpha Phi, Delta Sig-
ma Phi, Delta Sigma Pi, Delta Theta
Phi, Delta Upsilon, Gomberg, Phi Kap-
pa Sigma, F. F. Fraternity, Huber, Kel.
sey, Nu Sigma Nu, Phi Alpha Kappa,.
Phi Delta Fli, Phi Kappa Tau, P1
Lambda Phi, Psi Omega, Reeves, Sig-
ma Alpha Mu. Sigma Delta Tau, Sig-
ma Phi Society, Strauss, Tau Delta
Phi, Theta Chi, Triangle, Tyler, Wil-
liams, Zeta Beta Tau, Zeta Psi.
Nov. 11: Henderson House, Phi Delta




Novel Laclis Craftsmanship

Second Campus Public Lecture by
Leland Stowe, former foreign corre-
spondent and now prof. of journalism.
Prof. Stowe opened to the campus pub-
lic his lecture in Journalism 230, on
Egypt, and will now open a second lec-
ture, "Russia's Betrayal and Armed
Conquest of Hungary: Its Causes and'
Consequences." Thurs., Nov. 8, 11 a.m.
Aud. D, Angell Hall. A third lecture,
title to be announced, will be offered
Thurs., Nov. 15 at 11:00 a.m.
Research Seminar of the Mental
Health Research Institute. Dr. Arnold
Horowitz will speak on "Som~e Work
In Cross Cultural Experimentation",
Thurs., Nov. 8, 1:30-3:30 p.m., Confer-
ence Room, Children's Psychiatric Hoe-
Erich Leinsdorf, director of the New
York City Opera Company, 4:15 this
afternoon, Aud. A, Angell Hall, "~The
Problems of Opera Repertory," aus-
pices of the School of Music. Open to
the general public.
University Lecture sponsored by the
Department of Botany, Prof. Robert
Muir, State University of Iowa, will
speak on "Cell Elongation in Plants" at
4:15 p.m. orf Thurs., Nov. 8 in the Rack-
ham Amphitheatre.
"Air Traffic Control." Fri., Nov. 9,
Room 2072, East Engr. Bldg., 2 to 4
p.m. J. L. Anast, head of the System
Group studying the problem of Air
Traffic Control for the President.
Astronomy Department Visitors' Night,
Fri., Nov. 9, 8 p.m., Rm. 2003, Angell
Hall. Dr. Lawrence Aller will speak on
"The Origips of the Stars." After the
lecture the Student Observatory on
the fifth floor of Angell Hall will be
open for inspection and for telescopic
observations f Mars and the Moon.
Children welcomed, but must be ac-
companied by adults.
University Symphony Orchestra, Jo-
sef Blatt, conductor, 8:30 p.m., Thurs.,
Nov. 8, in Hill Auditorium. Program:
Symphony No. 102 in B-flat major,
Don Juan, Op. 20 by Strauss, and Sym-
phony No. 5 in E minor by Tschalkow
sky. Open to the general public with-
out charge.
Carillon Recital: Final program in
the fall series of carillon recitals by
Percival Price, University Carillonneur,
7:15 this evening. Three Short Marches,
Andante, Air, Two Minuets, La Fer-
lande, La Fanatiq, La Grotte de Ver-
salie, and Two Ave Marias. The entire
series of eight recitals covered the
repertory of Joannes de Gruytters,
Flemish carillonneur.
Academic Notices
Linguistics. Preliminary examination
in Linguistic Science Sat., Nov. 10, at
9:00 a.m. in Room 1611, Hayen Hall.
Orientation Seminar. Thurs., Nov. 8,
7:00 p.m. Room 1300, Chemistry Build-
ing. Dr. R. B. Bernstein and Dr. R. Ire-
land will be the speakers.
Law School Admission Test: Candi-
dates taking the Law School Admis-
sion Test on Nov. 10 are requested to
report ot Room 100, Hutchins Hall at
8:45 a.m. Sat.
Chemistry Department Colloquium.
Thurs. Nov. 8. 8:00 p.m., Room 1300.






Trends in Voting

Associated Press News Analyst-
HERE'S SOMETHING going on, in the
American voting pattern which could turn
out to be more important than Tuesday's choice
between two good men for president.
Editorial Staff
Editorial Director City Editor
Business Staff
DAVID SILVER, Business Manager
MILTON GOLDSTEIN.....Associate Business Manager
WILLIAM PUSCH............... Adertising Manager
CHARLES WILSON...............Finance Manager
PATRICIA .AMmER A ...,.,,.. *.

There is the maturity and the new indepen-
dence of party lines shown by the voters.
They stepped into the booths and demon-
strated overwhelmingly that Dwight Eisenhower
is far more popula rthan any party.
Then they went right ahead and refused his
advice on how to vote. They made their choices
of other candidates on part personal, part re-
gional grounds. Several candidates the Presi-
dent has endorsed were beaten, some of them
his close friends.
There must have been more split tickets
than ever before-and once a voter begins to
split his ticket he has broken the hold of
precinct politicians.
T HE MOST significant display of this ten-
dency was, of course, in what used to be
called the Solid South, which is solid no

Hilda Manning by Allan Seager,
Simon and Schuster,
$3.95. 312 pp.
ALLAN Seager's latest novel,
Hilda Manning, is disappoint-
ing since his collection of stories,
The Old Man of the Mountatin,
gave evidence of craftsmanship
and a promise of better things to
come. Now the reader is left won-
dering whether Mr. Seager has
forgotten the skill he displayed in
a number of those earlier short
stories or whether what then ap-
peared to be skill was merely un-
conscious choice and luck.
The setting for Hilda Manning
is a small town in Michigan. (Pre-
sumably one near Ann Arbor, for
at one point Hilda's husband is
brought to the University hospi-
tal.) With perhaps Madame Bo-
vary in mind Mr. Seager has as-
pired to portray Hilda as a kind
of extraordinary woman, that is
as extraordinary in this provincial
American setting as Bovary was
in that of France. He places her
in circumstances which lead her
to commit murder and attempts
to explain her psychology and the
psychology of her semriural neigh-f
bors as they watch her, a woman
possessing what the flap writer
calls "a kind of elemental sex
It is here, in this attempt to
exulain the psvchologv of Hilda

talking about people he has never
really seen nor understood.
IN HILDA Mr. Seager attempts
to picture a woman married to an
older man whom she does not love,
a woman who feels that her life
is sterile because she has been de-
prived of her illegitimate son. But
the relationship between Hilda and
her husband, between Hilda and
the facts of her existence, lacks
all of that tension and interest
which one feels so strongly in Ma-
dame Bovary. People do suffer in
silence,, and perhaps. that is what
Mr. Seager intended to imply in
his characterization of Hilda, but
a writer does not, if he wishes to
interest his reader, portray bore-
dom by boring. Whether she is
stepping out of her nightgown for
the pleasure of a lover or noncha-
lantly poisoning her husband, Hil-
da gives the impression that she
has neither a mind nor a soul; that
she is, in fact, only a verbal car-
Yet perhaps such people do
exist, though they are scarcely
choice subjects for psychological
f fiction, and a writer may be ex-
cused for confusing life with the
necessities qf art. But when a writ.
er presumes to show us the psy-
chology of typical rural and small
town people and then makes gross
mistakes it is difficult to forgive

those white front porches and
those false-front stores.
* * *
FOR AFTER Hilda has poisoned
her husband, one by one, the doc-
tor who signs the death certifi-
cate, the undertaker who embalms
the body, the suspicious friends,
all keep silent. And, as though
this were not incredible enough,
after Hilda has gone away, Sam
Larned, who. loves her and whom
she has turned down, proceeds, out
of anger, to dig up the body of
the murdered Acel Manning and
to get a coroner's jury convened.
Even after the examiner has found
arsenic in "a massive amount in
the stomach" the jury, though
some are certain that it is mur-
der, call it suicide. Why? Because,
as one of them says: "She's 'a
beautiful woman and if I vote
murder, she'll never come in my
store again."
Perhaps, if Mr. Seager had por-
trayed Hilda Manning as a kind
of Cleopatara, a woman of infi-
nite variety, rather than a dull
farm wife, we could accept such
motivation on the part of these
men. But even then one would
recall that Cleopatra was not for-
given by Octavia because she was
a beautiful woman, and most ev-
ery man has his Octavia. But Mr.
Seager, unlike Flaubert, has man-
aged to keep out of his novel all
of the complexities of life.


* * *
KEVIN COUGHLIN, a neurotic
schoolboy with a mania for books,
reflects the anxiety of the com-
munity in shifting from an admi-
ration of Miss Davis to a paranoid
fear of her.
In a drastic act - dramatically
incongruous, but with tragic por-'
tent - the young boy sets fire to
the library. We see the flames
consume the works of Dickens,


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