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October 28, 1956 - Image 4

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Michigan Daily, 1956-10-28

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0t 3ir14igat paily
Sixty-Seventh Year

mmin=. - -
"When Opinions Are Free
Truth Will Prevail"

Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers or
the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.

An Independent Voter
Casts A Presidential Ballot

INDEPENDENT VOTERS who began the cam-
paign with questioning minds concerning
their choice of candidates for the presidency
are now coming to a decision. The issues have
been placed before the voters and, in all prob-
ability, the last ten days will be confined to
intense efforts by both parties to drive home
points on stands already taken.
Mr. Eisenhower has run on the record of his
Administration and has made few promises.
Mr. Stevenson, as would be expected of the
challenger, has attacked the record and has
made several promises. These must be examined
and evaluated to determine the choice of a
Starting with the farm problem, Mr. Eisen-
hower's policy has been one of flexible price
supports, disposing of accumulated surpluses,
curbing the inflationary trend which the con-
sumer feels most. Mr. Stevenson urges a return
to a high parity, rigid support structure and
charges that the farmer has been badly ne-
glected by the Republican Administration.
The farmer has undeniably but inevitably
been hurt by fari policy of recent years. This
has its roots in ,the irresponsible Truman
policy, however, and a continuation of the
present farm program, bolstered by such plans
as the soil bank to relieve the burden on the
farmer, is more sensible and sound economically
than the rigid parity advocated by the Demo-
cratic aspirant. Farm income is on the upswing
and will level off at a more equitable and real-
istic level under a flexible program instead of
producing the false prosperity which accom-
panies rigid supports.
A surprise of the campaign has been the
lack of a contest over civil rights. Much was
made of this in convention and pre-convention
days but has not been the expected 'major
issue in the campaign itself. Both Mr. Steven-
son and Mr. Eisenhower favor moderation in
handling this question and both so far have
been able to subdue the extremist elements in
their parties. B9th apparently believe that the
approach through local and state efforts will
bring the most satisfactory results to all con-
cerned. We agree.
Mr. Eisenhower carries this philosophy over
into the field of social welfare while his oppon-
ent endorses action by the national government,
with corresponding high spending by Wash-
ington. Again not much difference is seen in
ends but Mr. Eisenhower's means are more
democratic, more practical, and less hindered
with bureaucracy.
ONE OF THE encouraging features of the
Eisenhower Administration has been some
halt in the movement toward monopoly in
federal government. On the contrary, Mr.
Stevenson's proposalscall for more and more
centralization of government, a trend and a
political theory we feel is in opposition to the
best of democratic principles. Many of the
functions of modern life can be better admin-
istered on the local level where solutions to
problems are fitted to local needs.
The Democratic campaigners have focused
considerable attention on what they label the
"businessman's" government in Washington.
We feel that this, too, is one of the encourag-
ing features of the Eisenhower Administration.
Federal government, unfortunately, has become
the biggest business in America today. While
much of this is necessary, big government
breeds inefficiency, lack of economy, sometimes
corruption and scandal. The Republican Ad-
ministration has made great strides toward the
elimination of these liabilities, so prevalent
under the previous regime. No little credit for
this is due to the caliber of men Mr. Eisenhower
has chosen to be key administrators. In the
main, they have come from operating successful
business and have applied their experience to
the complex business of federal government,
Getting competent executives to run Washing-
ton's vast enterprise makes sense to us.
The controversial Vice-President, Mr. Nixon,
rates some comment. While there is still much
reason to have reservations concerning his
judgement, political philosophy, and his ability
to unite and successfully lead the American
people, Mr. Nixon has matured in the past four
years and has repudiated some of the rash
charges made in 1952. He has shown himself to
be a skillful diplomat in many areas, though he
has assuredly blundered in others. Should he

succeed to the Presidency, Mr. Nixon, at least
for the remainder of the coming term of office,
will be too committed to and reliant upon the
Eisenhower program to deviate far from it. The
bridge of Mr. Nixon's political future beyond the
next four years can be crossed when we reach
it. Right now, he is neither asset nor liability
to the GOP ticket.
The attention drawn by Mr. Stevenson and
his party to the influence of certain elements
of the GOP, as exemplified by Senators McCar-
thy, Jenner, and Welker is a point well taken.
The other side of the picture, however, starring
Senators Eastland, Thurmond, and the-almost-
sure-to-be-elected "Young Hummon" Tal-
'hP Mt-rhirnal ntIff

madge, is none too reassuring for the prestige
and progress of the United States. Again, there
is little to choose between the parties.
TURNING TO THE question of national tIe-
fense, we find Mr. Stevenson lacking in per-
spective and Mr. Eisenhower, while unimagina-
tive, hard-headedly realistic. Mr. Stevenson's
well-known H-bomb proposal considers but a
small portion of the disarmament problem and
is the wrong place to start a logical series of
steps toward reduction in arms. We feel much
safer with the President's insistence on a com-
prehensive resolution of the question which
includes control and inspection. The memory
of the disarmament conferences following the
Versailles Treaty where agreements lacking
teeth for enforcement were made, and their
consequent contribution to bringing on World
War II, is a lesson to be well heeded.
While the Democratic candidate's suggestion
that the United States establish a strong career
army is excellent, his recommendation over-
looks the fact that the primary purpose of
today's draft is not to maintain a large stand-
ing army but rather to give the young men in
the nation some military experience in order to
build up an adequately trained reserve against
the day of total mobilization. To strengthen
the hard core around which this citizen-army
can be built is a first-rate idea, but .to cut
out the draft and cease training the citizen-
army is certainly not in the best interests of
national security.
There is some inconsistency in Mr. Steven-
son's two proposals. Modern warfare is con-
ducted by means of two instruments, manpower
and technology. If one is reduced, the other
must be increased if the nation is to maintain
a total force equal to that of our potential
enemy. Mr. Stevenson's draft plan, placing
emphasis on the technological aspect of miiltary
power as the replacement of a reduction in
manpower, does not fit well with the H-bomb
limitation-a restriction in technology.
Mr. Eisenhower, on the other hand, contin-
ues to show comprehension, realism and accept-
ance of the hard facts of life in his thinking
on defense. He has refused to delude the
American people with unworkable but popular
panacea in an area of direct concern to so
many. The President's major failure has been
his reluctance to clearly expound the reasons
for his decisions.
M. STEVENSON and the Democrats have
struck their most telling blows in the
realm of foreign affairs and have distinctly
pointed up the shortcomings of the Eisenhower
Administration. The conduct of international
relations on a day-to-day, crisis-to-crisis basis,
exhibiting very little anticipation of events or
prior planning to cope with them, evincing
practically no understanding of the major forces
loose in the world today, operating without a
comprehensive and comprehendable set of guid-
ing principles-these have been characteristic
of American foreign policy during the past
four years. In fairness to the Republican Ad-
ministration, some of this is not entirely due to
its failing. The lack of comprehension as to
what is going on in the international field is
an American shortcoming, not just one party's.
But this does not excuse the absence of leader-
ship and effort on the part of the Administra-
tion to educate the American people.
Specifically, Mr. Dulles errant and erratic
stewardship of the Department of State has
been disappointing, to say the least. While he
has been diplomatically brilliant at times, he
has bungled so often that his effectiveness has
been reduced to a minimum.
Equally disappointing, however, has been the
lack of followup of the Democratic attack.
While Mr. Stevenson and other Democrats,
notably Mr. Bowles who spoke here recently,
have been articulate in criticizing Mr. Eisen-
hower's foreign policy and its conduct, they
have not come up with an imaginative, com-
prehensive, and realistic program to replace
the Republican policy-or rather to fill the
gap left by the GOP. While we are dissatisfied
with the overall conduct of international rela-
tion by Mr Eisenhower's Administration, we
see nothing better offered from the Democratic
IN SUMMARY, then, while differences between
the two candidates in domestic affairs are

relatively slight and appear to be matters of
degree, Mr. Eisenhower's political and economic
philosophy and approach is more suited to the
needs and ideals of the nation. In matters of
national defense, the President's realism is more
assuring than Mr. Stevenson's somewhat im-
practical proposals. In foreign relations, the
Eisenhower Administration, with a few inci-
dental exceptions, has failed to display the
imagination and forceful leadership needed in
these times, but there is little indication that
anything better would be forthcoming if Mr.
Stevenson is elected.
Two other factors ought to be mentioned.
The American people today live in an atmos-
phere which breathes more self-confidence and
more confidence in their government than they
-ir fmi v_.. nn Mn -nr-iit ..rth i

"Now You Kids Beat It"
o r
1- 44- f
ti V . X
1950 -.

Comments on History, Bells

Eastern Europe
.nt-Russian Movement
The insurrection in Hungary has raised the question whether the
anti-Russian movement in Eastern Europe will stop at Titoism
or become an anti-Communist uprising. Nagy, who is the Hungarian
Tito, was not able, it appears, to cope with the rebels in Budapest,
and was compelled to call upon the Red Army to quell the uprising.
There have been demonstrations in Warsaw which went beyond
Titoism, being both anti-Russian and anti-Communist. But in Poland
the Gomulka government seems to have had enough prestige and
enough police power of its own to deal with the trouble without calling

A Bit Longer .. .
To the Editor:
IN your editorial of October 24
entitled "Polish Nationalism
Spotlights New Cold War" you
made certain erroneous statements
concerning the historical genesis
of certain nations. You wrongly
state that Nepal, Lebanon and
Yeman have become national en-
tities since 1945.
Nepal has never known the dom-
ination of a European power, al-
though they have shown a great
amount of co-operation with Great
Britain, especially during the Tibet
and Afghan wars. In 1923, Great
Britain recognized the complete
independence of Nepal.
Lebanon was proclaimed a re-
public on May 23, 1926, to offset
Moslem Syria. Despite Syrian ob-
jections, Lebanon was allowed to
declare its complete independence
on November 26, 1941.
Yemen's sovereign status was
confirmed by the Treaty of San'a
with Great Britain and India on
February 11, 1934 and the Treaty
of hostilities between Saudi-Arabia
of Taif, signed at the conclusion
and Yemen on May 13, 1934.
-Dale W. Priester, '58
UN Revisions . .
To the Editor:
in your recent editorial "United
Nations Ineffective," the author
said the only way the UN could
be strengthened would be to re-
vise its Charter for the sake of
getting rid of the present veto
power of each of the Big Five.

The author of this article gave
some suggestions for revising this
veto power. I question the validity
of each of the author's sugges-
The first suggestion was to per-
mit a dual veto by permanent
Council members. In 1952, there
was fear that free China (one of
the Big Five) might become con-
trolled by the Peiping government
and thus side with Russia. This
threat could still become real.
With this chance, a dual veto
would accomplish nothing.
The author thought a simple
majority in the Security Council
or maybe even a two-thirds ma-
jority would solve the veto prob-
lem. The six elected members
(enough for a simple majority)
could then prevent an unanimous
vote by the Big Five. Both a
simple and two-thirds majority
could be to our disadvantage. The
elected members by themselves,
or, with help of permanent mem-
bers (in a two-thirds majority)
could agree to actions which
might not be to our interests. We
could do nothing. A similar situa-
tion could happen to any perma-
nent member.
The last suggestion was to allow
the veto power only to a Big Five
nation when action had to do
with its own country. The Security
Council's primary responsibility is
to maintain international peace.
How many international disputes
do not in some way involve these
permanent members? None. Who
determines when action concerns
the interests of one country? Any
country which claims it does-
so any Big Five member could

use the veto power-the same as
Such revisions would be inef-
--Robert Mancell '59
Ear Plugs, Anyone? .,..
To the Editor:
would like to register a com-
plaint about the amount of bell-
ringing which emanates from atop
Burton Tower. I strongly suspect
that I am neither the only indi-
vidual on campus who finds it ex-
ceedingly difficult to study and
listen to the carillon at the same
time nor the only one whose work
load necessitates study during the
numerous hours when the bells are
customarily played. My impression
is that an official concert is sched-
uled for once a week, on Thurs-
day evenings, which seems like a
reasonable amount of time for
such a performance. In reality we
are made a captive audience sev-
eral evenings a week, as well as
during the hour from 12 noon un-
til 1 o'clock.
If it is a question of students
practicing, perhaps some minia-
ture carillon ought to be con-
structed which would ring only in
the immediate vicinity of the per-
former. If, as I suspect, this is
impractical, I would suggest the
publication of a complete sched-
ule of hours during which the
carillon is to be used, so that those
of us with work to do can find a
quiet niche in the basement or
have ear-plugs readily available.
-Anthony Kallet, Grad.

upon the Russians.
We are, we must realize, poorly
is in a large part hidden from sight
ing hypothesis, I would say that
the critical place to watch is Po-
land, and that in Poland the im-
mediately critical issue is wheth-
er the Gomulka regime and the
Kremlin are able to work out
what amounts to a new alliance.
Poland is of all the satellites
the critical country. Both Ger-
many and Russia are vitally in-
terested in Poland. The Russians
are always vitally interested in
Poland because the Polish plain
is the avenue on which have
marched all the armies that have
invaded Russia. For the Germans,
the Polish plain is not only the
avenue of the Russian advance
into Europe but, since World War
II, Poland has annexed German
territories which the German na-
tion has never renounced.
f .
THE CRITICAL issue in Poland
is whether the new Polish regime
will stabilize its foreign policy,
more specifically its policy to-
ward Germany and the Western
world beyond Germany. We know
what Gomulka wants. It is to
renew the Soviet alliance which
guarantees him against Germany.
The old alliance, which goes
back to the end of World War
II, was imposed upon a Polish
puppet government by the Red
Army, and it has depended on the
infiltration of the Polish Army
by a controlling apparatus of So-
viet officers. Gomulka's uprising
has destroyed the foundations of
the old Soviet-Polish alliance. The
question is whether a new alli-
ance can be formed based not on
Soviet domination but on the mu-
tual interests of Poland and the
Soviet Union. The indications are
that Gomulka wants this to hap-
pen, and there are credible re-
ports from Moscow that the
Kremlin, despite what must be
deep suspicion of Poland, wishes
to negotiate with Gomulka.
* * *
UNLESS THE Polish crisis is
stabilized at about this point,
with Gomulka in power, with
Russian military and ideological
control dismantled, but with a
Polish-Russian alliance renewed,
then we may expect to see, I
would guess, the Polish crisis be-
come a far-reaching crisis of the
European continent. For it will
then spread to and involve not
merely the rest of Eastern Europe
and the Balkans but the two Ger-
manys. There is no telling what
would come of such a crisis. For
the essential character of the
crisis would be that there was no
power and 'authority - be it So-
viet, Western or local - to or-
ganize Central Europe.
In the interests of peace and of
freedom - freedom both from
despotism and from anarchy -
we must hope that for a time, not
forever b:.t for a time, the upris-
ing in the satellite orbit will be
stabilized at Titoism. It is in the
interests of the Western world
that the Soviet Union be helped
to accept Titoism in its empire,
and that it should not feel that
its own security is menaced.

informed about a situation which
and in rapid flux. But as a work-
For with Titoism in Eastern Eu-
rope, the military threat that the
Russian Army will invade Western
Europe is radically reduced. The
danger of a World War beginning
in Europe will be even less than
It has been these last two years.
1956 New York Herald Tribune Inc.
The Daily Official Bulletin is an of-
ficial publication of the University of
Michigan for which the Michigan Daily
assumes no editorial responsibility. No-
tices should be sent in TYPEWRITTEN
form to Room 3553 Administration
Building before 2 p.m. the day preced-
ing publication.
General Notices
Health Service Clinic will be closed
at 4:00 p.m. instead of the usual 5:00
p.m. on Tues., Oct. 30, only, except
for emergencies.
Anyone who has rooms to rent for
football weekends, call the Union Stu-
dent Activities Offices.
Joyce Grenfell, actress, comedienne,
mimic and star, will appear Thurs.,
Nov. 1, in Hill Auditorium in a pro-
gram of comedy and song, the third
attraction on the Lecture Course. Tc-
kets are on sale Mon.-Wed., 10 a.m.-
5 p.m. and on Thurs. from 10 a.m.
to 8:30 p.m. at Hill Auditorium.
Baroque Trio, Nelson Hauenstein,
flute, Florian Mueller, oboe, and Mar-
ilyn Mason, harpsichord, with com-
mentary by Louis Cuyler, 8:30 this
evening, in Aud. A, Angell Hall; open
to the general public without charge.
Trio Sonata in G major, by Heinichen,
Sonata in G major, by Pietro Loca-
telli, La Steinquerque, Trio Sonata In
B-flat major by Couperin; Concerto
for Oboe by Albinoni, and Trio Sonata
in D by W. F. Bach.
Stanley Quartet, Gilbert Ross and
Emil Raab, olins, Robert Courte,
viola, and Oliver Edel, cello, in the
first of two concerts at 8:30 p.m.
Tues., Oct. 30, in the Rackham Lec-
ture Hall. The Quartet will be assisted
by Albert Luconi, clarinet, in a pro-
gram of compositions by Beethoven,
Ross Lee Finney, and Mozart. Open to
the general public without charge.
Extra Carillon Recital, 4:00 this af-
ternoon, by Beverly Brehm, Frederick
Fahrner, Juli Hollyer, Ottilie Timblin
McGehee and Milford Myhre, present
and former pupils of Prof. Percival
Price, University Carillonneur. Works
by Bach, Mozart, Ribaupierre, Scar-
latti, Percival Prive, Roy Johnson, Hart,
Pachelbel and Nees, arranged for caril-
lon by Ronald Barnes, Ottilie McGehee
and Milford Myhre.
Academic Notices.
Scholl of Business Administration.
Faculty meeting Tues., Oct. 30, 3:30
p.m., Room 165, B.A.
Anatomy Seminar, wed., Oct. 31,
Room 2501, East Medical Building.
Speaker: Dr. Raymond Kahn, "Re-
port on Second Decennial Review Con-
ference on Tissue Culture."
Seniors: college of LS&A, and Schools
of Business Administration, Education,
Music, and Public Health: Tenative
lists of seniors for February graduation
have been posted on the bulletin
board in the first floor lobby, Ad-
ministration Building. Any changes
therefrom should be requested of the
Recorder at Office of Registration and
Records window number A, 1513 Ad-
ministration Building.
~ NoticesI

Michigan Christian Fellowship, Meet-
ing, 4 p.m., Lane Hall. Speaker: Clan
Conner, "Christ Brought Revolution."
* * *
Lutheran Student Association, Sup-
per and Meeting, 7 p.m., Lutheran Stu-
dent center.
Unitarian Student Group, Political
Debate, 7 p.m., First Unitarian Church,
Speakers: Morris Janowitz, Owen J.
Wesleyan Guild, Supper and Pro-
gram, 5:30 p.m. Wesley Lounge.
. . *
Graduate Outing Club, Hike and
Supper, 2 p.m., Rackham.
* * *
Congregational and Disciples Student
Guild, Lecture, 7 p.m., Congregational
Church, Speaker: Mr. E. D. DeVine,
"Why I as a Christian will Vote the
Republican Ticket."
* * *

InoGerald MCoing-Joing Doings Into TV

Daily Television Writer
Cerald McBoing-Boing, who has
T already proven himself on the
motion picture screen (most un-
usual actor ever to receive an
"Oscar"), will be brought to life
for the American television audi-
ence, in full color, in a regular
half-hour cartoon series to start
on CBS Sunday, December 16 at
The new series, produced by
UPA Pictures, Inc., in associa-
tion with CBS, will feature Ger-
ald-the boy who does not speak
but communicates by going "bo-
ing, boing"-as not only host of
the program but as star of some
of the programs.
Eachphalf-hour program will
be produced in segments, ranging
from short song-pictures and vig-
nettes to longer productions.
Since Gerald's unique manner
of communication is not readily
understood by most persons (with
the exception of the very-wise-
very young and college students)
off-stage commentary will be

is called upon to settle problems
among the animals, with whom
he has speaking acquaintance.
The Steve Allen - Ed Sullivan
feud continues to grow as Allen
is getting closer and closer to Sul-
livan's ratings (but not tonight
for Elvis will make another ap-
pearance with Sullivan). The big-
time battle burst open when Sulli-
van "stole" (according to Allen)
the rights to publicize the new
James Dean movie, "Giant."
Since then interesting events have
taken place during their Sunday
night hour, which you could only
see if you are a dial switcher or a
regular viewer of NBC and CBS
on two separate receivers at the
same time.
For instance, on the night of
the "Giant" promotions Allen had
a film interview with Dean's
uncle and aunt. As soon as the
Allen interview got underway
Sullivan stopped what he was
doing after getting a signal, and
went right into his "Giant" seg-
ment of the show, which was
highlighted by a "live" interview
%%it tho oma min an _ra

with Arthur Godfrey. Could it be
that his name really isn't Ed? It
might be John L..
Another interesting thing which
is related to this subject is the
fact that Colgate continues to
purchase the station-break an-
nouncements on "The Steve Allen
Show" on the local NBC outlets.
They seem to have a sentimental
feeling towards being, at least in
some way, connected with the old
"Colgate Comedy Hour" time
EVEN THOUGH they recently
fired the man who "invented"
the spectacular (Pat Weaver) NBC
is planning bigger and better
spectaculars for the coming sea-
son-. The newest one to be added
to the list is "Pal Joey". Jose
Ferrer is definitely set for the
lead and Tallulah Banghead will
play opposite him if NBC can
finalize present contract negotia-
tions. "Pal Joey" will be seen in
compatible color on "Producers
Showcase" January 7. That's one
claim that Steve Allen and Ed

is not busy at the Mark Hellinger
Theatre), "Cinderella" will be
seen in place of Jack Benny and
Ed Sullivan on one of the Sun-
days in March. This will be the
first time that "The Ed Sullivan
Show" will have been lifted by
CBS to make room for another
* * *
will present another Victor Borge
spectacular. This should make
Borge very happy, because he
gets $100,000 per show.
Tonight CBS radio will inaugu-
rate a policy which, if followed by
NBC, might give radio a complete
new outlook on life. Jack Benny
returns to radio tonight, but all
Benny will have to do for the show
is sit back and collect royalties.
The radio show will be the re-
cordings of the old Jack Benny
radio shows. This is probably
something CBS has learned to do
from their television experience
of the showing of re-runs.
The Trendex tallies show that
Bob Hope was last week's winner,
scoringt a 37.5 Other week-end




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