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October 18, 1956 - Image 4

Resource type:
Michigan Daily, 1956-10-18

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Sixty-Sixth Year

"When Opinions Are Free
Truth Will Prevail"

Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers or
the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.
Bi Ten Hoeing Road Between
Amateurism and Professionalism

AFTER years of piously snorting at other con-
ferences for athletic impurities the Big Ten
has finally faced reality and discovered it is
far from the ideal of pure amateurism.
A frank, highly critical self-appraisal of
the Western Conference admits that its rules
are being "bent" and "tortured". Prepared by
a Big Ten committee, the report further notes
that aid to athletes and recruitment are now
major problems.
The Big Ten deserves credit for dropping
the purity act and recognizing that conference
schools will soon be professional.f arm systems
if reforms are not instituted.
Where do we go from here?
ONE suggestion reportedly being drafted as
possible legislation is a procedure for equal-
izing the amount of aid conference schools can
give, in economic terms. The amount would
be the difference between what it actually costs
to go to school and what the athlete can put up.
The effect, if it worked, would be to elim-
inate aid differences between schools and thus
professional "shopping" for the best offer.
A second suggestion is to require a "letter
of intent" by all prospective athletes.
Given a few years member schools will
find ways to "bend" and "torture" this legis-
lation as they have other conference rules.
As long as the Big Ten tries to hoe a
middle road between Ivy League amateurism
and Southwestern Conference professionalism
it will drift towards the latter.
If amateur athletics are ever going to be
returned to amateurs the Big Ten will have to
realize more than rules are needed to avoid
the quasi-professionalism now characteristic
of the conference.

THERE'S an analogy between obeying con-
ference rules and paying income taxes. No
one wants to pay income taxes. Obeying tax
laws is mostly a matter of looking for loop-
holes and "torturing" the laws much as con-
ference rules are "tortured." It's that way in
the Big Ten - no one wants to obey the rules.
The spirit is more important than the
rules, and unfortunately there isn't much en-
thusiasm for strict amateurism among players,
coaches, athletic directors, or administrators.
Instead of trying to equalize athletic aid,
the conference should cut it out altogether. The
only financial help available to athletes should
be that which is available to all students. The
argument that athletes spend so much time
playing ball that they can't afford to work and
therefore need help collapses when time spent
on extra-curricular activities by non-athletes
is considered. Many people spend their time
working for the University - who pays their
food bills?
THE BIG TEN has taken the first step -
recognizing that it is nowhere near the ideal.
The second step is to determine where it wants
to go.
If the Western Conference wants amateur
athletics it will need far more sweeping reform
than it has so far indicated a willingness to
accept. It will need cooperation by member
schools complying with the spirit of legislation
as well as the legislation itself.
If it wants anything else, then valuable
time was wasted preparing a frank and com-
mendable report.
City Editor

- e
r q
- zr r ..sA It-,. S~- c
~ +9 -r A + r - s e.
Campaigning Gov. Knight

SGC and Its Constituents

Boston Symphony Plays
Upside Down at Hill
. S. BACH is the archetype of musical intellectuals, his music is coldly
intellectual; L. V. Beethoven is one of the original romantics, his
music is heroic, lush - so goes the old saying, and there is much
truth in it. So it was peculiar last night at Hill Auditorium as the Bos-
ton Symphony Orchestra performed for the second time in three
nights to find old Mr. Bach the romantic high point of the evening,
while Beethoven satisfied one's classical desires.
All this just illustrates the fact that there is more than one side
to any great composer. In Bach's time, florid, complicated, contrapun-
tal music was the style. Old dance styles were about all one could
write. Bach did so and did so well. The technicalities of his craft were
so completely under control that keeping within a rigorous framework

STUDENT Government Council is a very im-
portant organization on this campus.
It meets every Wednesday night at 7:30
p.m. in the Michigan Union and its decisions
are important ones. Meetings are open to ev-
eryone. But few student-constituents attend.
Students complain that they get informa-
tion second hand, through various committee
reports or through dormitory or affiliated rep-
resentatives. Here is a- chance for everybody to
find out for himself what is happening on this
Student Government Council isn't some-
thing apart from students. They can run for
it, listen to it, and influence its decisions. SGC
represents the student body to the faculty, ad-
ministration, and other students. To do this,
members ought to know what their constitu-
ents are thinking.

There are many diverse groups on this
campus with conflicting goals. These goals and
means of achieving them must be reconciled.
No one group can be thought of as having the
right solution to current questions. The view
of every person on this campus is improtant
and necessary if workable policies are to be
made. As many as possible should see what
goes on at a Student Government Council meet-
ing. Much can be learned at these meetings but,
more important, SGC may learn something
from the students. When opinions are presented
to the Council, it will be in a better position to
decide on the problems before it. But only if
interest is shown on the part of the students
themselves can SGC have some measure of
University public opinion.

Los Angeles - Goy. Goodwin
Knight of California, a gentle-
man who is not too high-hat to be
called "Goody", was not popular
for a time with the ruling minds
of the Republican party. Reason:
He liked Ike, but didn't like Dick.
After San Francisco, however,
Goody was wooed and courted. Len
Hall, who was once sore as blazes
at Goody, phoned him and said:
"We need you."
"OK," said the Governor of
California. "What's the assign-
"Go to Whittier and introduce
Dick Nixon."
* * ,*
GOV. KNIGHT went to Nixon's
home town and introduced him.
Since then he's been campaigning
wherever the GOP high command
has sent him-chiefly Florida,
West Virginia and Maryland.
Knight was also asked to go to
Michigan to woo the labor vote,
since he's about the only Republi-
can governor with a strong labor
backing. Knight, however, refused
and is heading back to California.
Too many fires to put out at home.
He has reported to Republican
headquarters that Sen. Tom Ku-
chel will defeat Democrat Dick Ri-
chards but that Ike himself is in
trouble in California.
For the first time in years the
name "Democratic" is on the tick-
et. Hitherto, California has had
cross-filing and a lot of people
really didn't realize who were the
Democratic and Republican can-
didates. But with the name Re-
publican clearly stamped after a
candidate's name, and with Demo-
cratic registration heavy, Govern-
or Knight is not at all sure that
the final outcome will be in No-
Note - after wooing Knight to,
get out on the hustings, Len Hall
seemed peculiarly unappreciative.

The Governor of California spent
all week end in the Carlton Hotel
in Washington where Hall was al-
so residing, but Hall made no ef-
fort to see him.
Brooks has slapped a subpoena on
an ex-Eisenhower Administration
official, now retired to a Califor-
nia ranch, who could tell the inside
story about GOP Chairman Len
Hall's connection with the Nicaro
Nickel Plant scandal in Cuba.
This key witness is Edmund
Mansure, former head of General
Services Administration, the huge
agency which lets government
contracts and distributes more
money than any outside the Pen-
Mansure has already admitted
confidentially to investigators that
Hall put political pressure on him
to award a $43,00,000 contract for
expanding the Nicaro Plant to
Raymond Concrete Pile. Mansure
wanted the contract to go to the
Frederick Snare Co., which built it
in the first place, had personnel
and know-how in Cuba.
A diary and correspondence of
Randall Cremer, ExecutiveVive
President of Frederick Snare,
states that Hall didn't consider
his outfit sufficiently Republican.
Cremer even went out and con-
tributed $1,500 to the Republican
Congressional Campaign Commit-
tee within a matter of days after
being asked by Hall for evidence
of his loyalty to the Republican
* * * .
CREMER HAS also admitted to
Investigators that other -Frederick
Snare officials, including company
president George Seeley, made do-
nations to the Republicans up to
$500 after hints from Hall. These
contributions were made to the

GOP finance chairmen in New
York and New Jersey.
Significantly, Cremer's secret
diary, now in Congressman Brooks'
hands, notes: "Unfavorable news
from Hall ... has received no cor-
roboration from the finance chair-
men in New York and New Jersey."
This entry was dated June 15,
1954. Within two months, the fi-
nance chairmen collected from the
Frederick Snare officials, and Hall
suddenly withdrew his objections
to the company's Nicaro bid.
The secret Cremer diary also
claims Hall demanded that Fred-
erick Snare prove its own Repub-
lican standing and place its insur-
ance through a GOP firm. Several
prominent Republicans vouched
for the Snare company's political
rightness, including Ambassador
to Cuba Arthur Gardner.
IN A PRIVATE cable to Hall,
Gardner assured him that Fred-
erick Snare "is pre-eminently
qualified from every angle and
there is no possible tieup with for-
mer (Democratic) administra'-
The wire-pulling and political
backbiting over the juicy Nicaro
contract are one of the untold
scandals of Washington. More big
time officials and White House
friends got into the act than any
other in years. If the inside story
is ever told it will make Harry
Vaughan's deep freeze look like
chicken feed.
One untold chapter took place
in May, 1953, when Charlie Willis,
assistant to Sherman Adams in the
White House and son-in-law of
Harvey Firestone, phoned Mansure
and asked him to lunch at the
White House with Jock Whitney,
chairman, and Langbourne Wil-
liams, president of Freeport Sul-
(Copyright 1956, by Bell Syndicate, Inc.)

did not prevent his expressing
powerful emotions in his works.
By Beethoven's time people were
more liberal in what they con-
sidered music, and people like
Beethoven were making them more
liberal all the time. Already in his
second symphony he had aroused
scorn: the coda of its first move-
ment had been called a hideous
monster refusing to die. As ade-
quately explained in the program
notes, the third symphony, which
was the featured work on last
night's program was even more of
a shock to the musical world. The
small compass of the classical
symphony had been greatly
stretched to accomodate the larg-
er ideas of Beethoven. Yet the
form of the symphony had not
been discarded: the first move-
ment is a great example of sonata
form. The simple broken triad
theme, heard first immediately
after two introductory chords at
the beginning in emasculated form'
is slowly evolved throughout, not
just during the "development sec-
tion" as had been the custom in
the classical period. The number
of subsidiary themes and the ex-
tent of the transitional material
are greatly increased as well-but:
the overall structure-mention a
theme or two, play fragments of
them in various positions, and
bring them together again for a
final comparison-is retained.
" s
* -* *
POOR OLD Debussy came out
a rather poor third. Iberia, 2nd
of his Images for Orchestra, was
the second work on the program,
following Bach, preceding Beetho-
ven. This work created something
of a stir at its first performance,
like many compositions of the ear-
ly years of the century. It is "mood
music." Even in its title it tries to
create the illusion of Spain. Cas-
tanets rattle and a tambourine
clanks, it is all very colorfully or-
chestrated- and the BSO played
it superbly: sonorously, cleanly-
but it is rather dull music. It takes
great patience to sit out the middle
section "perfumes of the night"
even though Dr. Munch conducted
till you could almost smell the
rosin on the violin bows.
. : *
night were excellent. The Sympho-
ny's lady first flutist shone in the
Bach Suite. Playing with the en-
tire orchestra or in a charming
duet with first 'cellist, she had
control, articulation, fine tone,
and exquisite phrasing. Her play-
ing was magnificently supported
by the Boston's superb string sec-
tion. The concluding Badinerie
was consummately done.
Beethoven's 3rd Symphony, the
concluding work, was, as men-
tioned, porformed with the accent
on the classical aspects of the
work. It was a strong precise read-
ing; inner melodies and counter-
point were brought out The fugato
sections, with even the strettos
clearly delineated, sounded almost
like Bach. This is certainly one
way of interpreting the work. In
this reviewer's opinion, much of
the drama and impact can be lost
in this fashion, and if one is feel-
ing particularly mellow, such a
performance can seem a bit flat.
-J.P. Benkard

Death Lurks
In '.Red Inn'
'THE RED INN," s t a r r i n g
French comedian Fernandel,
is an amusing story about a clever
Franciscan monk who gets in-
volved in a series of precarious
situations with two murderers. The
two, a homicidal couple who own
the "Red Inn," seem to be engaged
in a private campaign of homicide
against any unwary traveler who
happens to have the bad luck to
come across their establishment.
Fernandel, the monk, and his
naive novice are on the way to
their convent when a snow storm
forces them to take lodging at
the "Red Inn" for the night. Also
at the inn are a group of travelers,
most of them quite haughty and
The young novice who is pre-
paring for a celibate life as a
priest has his plans disturbed when
he encounters the attractive dau-
ghter of the murderous proprie-
k , ,
THEY are standing outside in
the snow when she asks, "What
do you study when you become a
"Latin, Greek, and Hebrew," he
"Oh," she purrs, "learning love
relations is easier than learning
He complains, "But I am more
interested in learning Latin."
"Well," she replies as she edges
closer to him, "I can't teach you
Latin, but...'
Scene dissolves into interior of
* * *
MEANWHLE, in a rather un-
believable makeshift confessional,
Fernandel is discovering from the
proprieter's penitent wife that the
two have been conducting a cam-
paign of "twenty years of murder"
-knocking off 102 innocent souls
up to and including that very
Realizing that he, who happens
to be carryingha religious sacra-
ment made of gold and rubies, and
the rest of the lodgers are potent-
ially victims 103, 104, etc. on the
list, he tries to convince everyone
to leave the inn.
The complexity of the plot is in-
creased when no one wants to
leave in the middle of the night,
including his own novice who has
fallen helplessly in love with the
proprieter's daughter.
* * *
FROM then on it is a battle of
wits between the resourceful monk
and the inkeeper. Fernandel plays
hide-and-seek with his dangerous
adversary, and gets involved in
several comic incidents reminiscent
of the better Abbott and Costello
movies-only with a French flavor.
-Sol Plafkin
The Daily Official Bulletin is an of-
ficial publication of the University of
Michigan for which the Michigan Daily
assumes no editorial responsibility. No-
tices should be sent in TYPEWRITTEN
form to Room 3553 Administration
Building before 2 p.m. the day preced-
ing publication.
General Notices
It is expected that the Directory for
1956-57 will be ready for distribution
about October 26. The chairmen of the
various departments and directors of

other units will please requisition the
number of copies required for Univer-
sity campus use. Requisitions should
be sent to the Purchasing Department
and delivery will be made by campus
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horpe us the Directory will be avail-
able by payment of 75c at the Cashier's
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Business concerns or individuals not
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Faculty, College of Literature, Science
and the Arts: The freshman five-week
progress reports will be due Wednes-
day, October 24, in the Faculty Coun-
selors Office for Freshmen and Sopho-
mores, 1210 Angell Hall. Arthur Van
Duren, Chairman, Faculty Counselors.
The following student sponsored ev-
entsarannroveaAfnr. te nm..n.4-'wook-,..






Victim-of-Aggression Policy

Associated Press News Analyst
SECRETARY Dulles, under news conference
prodding about the Arab-Israeli situation,
has reiterated the American policy of aiding
any victim of aggression.
You can bet your bottom dollar that
doesn't mean Jordan.
In the first place, when reiterating last
April something that has been a part of Ameri-
can policy ever since 1948, President Eisen-
hower was careful to wrap his phraseology
around the words "within constitutional limits."
At that time it meant he still was not com-
mitting the nation without regard to the will
of Congress something to which he has referred
many times.
Now, against the Middle Eastern back-
ground, it could mean almost anything.
The present situation is this: The Jordan
government, involved with domestic economic
difficulties and faced with a conflict for power
among the Arab states themselves, asked Iraq
Editorial Staff

to lend them some troops to insure control
during forthcoming elections. Iraq agreed to
send 3,000. The West didn't mind, considering
it some insurance against the machinations
of Egypt's Nasser.
BUT Israel got excited and started throwing
Israel and Jordan are in the midst of a
new crisis over border incidents. Israel staged
a big retaliatory raid and fears counter-action
from Jordan.
Israel has displayed a desire to straighten
out border disputes with Jordan and the other
Arab neighbors, by force if necessary, but has
refrained from, taking territory in violation
of United Nations agreements.
If Iraq put troops into Jordan, however,
an excuse for Israeli action would be provided.
There are many historical precedents for action
by one country when the troops of a third
party enter the territory of an immediate
neighbor. It wouldn't necessarily be classified
as aggression.


President Eisenhower and the Suez Crisis

That undoubtedly is behind the
thoughts which Jordan and Iraq are
their original plan.


Editorial Director

City Editor

GAIL GOLDSTEIN . ......Personnel Director
ERNES'I THEODOSSIN............rMagazine Editor
JANET REARICK . .. Associate Editorial Director
MARY ANN THOMAS............Features Editor
DAVID GREY .................... Sports Editor
RICHARD CRAMER .......... Associate Sports Editor
STEPHEN HEILPERN ........ Associate Sports Editor
VIRGINIA ROBERTSON ...... .... Women's Editor
JANE FOWLER............Associate Women's Editor
ARLINE LEWIS ............. Women's Feature Editor
VERNON SODEN .............. Chief Photographer
Business Staff
DAVID SILVER, Business Manager
MILTON GOLDSTEIN .... Associate Business Manager
WILLIAM PUSCH . ... Advertising Manager
CHARLES WILSON........ . Finance Manager
PATRICIA LAMBERIS ........Accounts Manager

AS FOR the United States, there are several
fundamental factors in her position which
will deter her from any direct action or major
support for fighting in the Middle East now.
Number One is the broad attitude of the
Eisenhower administration, heightened by the
approaching election, toward fighting or con-
donement of fighting.
Then there is the political fact that the
United States will not take strong action
against Israel because of the power of the
Zionists in this country and because of the
American role in the establishment of Israel
as a national state.
The American refusal to supply Israel
with arms during the crisis over Russia's sale
of arms to Egypt still stands as a warning to
her that Washington wants no breach of the

The Suez affair has now been
brought to the condition which
prevailed at the other danger spots
-Korea, Formosa and Indo-China
-that of a stalemate without a
settlement, that of the acceptance,
not in principle but in fact, of the
status quo. The President has once
again been the peace-maker in the
sense that he has vetoed success-
fully a recourse to arms, and once
again he has had no positive policy
of his own which seized the prob-
lem and opened up the prospect of
a decent future.
On Thursday, July 19, Secre-
tary Dulles told the Egyptian Am-
bassador that the United States,
which had been negotiating with
Cairo for some months, was with-
drawing its offer to help finance
the High Dam at Aswan. The next
day, Friday, July 20, the British
government followed suit. This
was a major stroke at Nasser's gov-
ernment, and it was carried out by
Mr. Dulles with the accompani-

after he withdrew American aid
on the Aswan Dam project, the
President, accompanied by Mr.
Dulles, flew to Panama, where
they stayed until Tuesday, July 24.
On that Tuesday, Nassed delivered
a violent speech attacking the
United States and charging that
Mr. Dulles had lied about the
Egyptian economy. Two days lat-
er, on Thursday, July 26, Nasser
seized the Suez Company.
Where was Mr. Dulles? He was
in Peru for the inauguration of
the President, and he did not re-
turn to the United States until
Sunday, July 29.
Thus for the first nine days fol-
lowing the crisis which he had
touched off in his talk with the
Egyptian Ambassador, Mr. Dulles
was in Panama and Peru, away
from the State Department, away
from his expert advisors, away
from the Ambassadors in Wash-
ington who could speak for the
countries most vitally affected. No
doubt, he was kept more or less in-
*rrn, h +-al annRna f t , y+ hi- a

policy for what might happen,
once they had so abruptly made
their break with Nasser.
This accounts for what has fol-
lowed. There were three possible
lines of policy which could have
been followed. One was to coerce
Nasser, as Britain and France
meant to, with military and eco-
nomic sanctions into accepting in-
ternational management of the
canal. The President himself ve-
toed the use of force, rightly
enough, it seems to me, since that
would almost certainly have meant
making Egypt and the Middle East
a kind of enlarged Cyprus and Al-
But if Nasser was not to be co-
erced, then there were only two
general choices left. One was to let
him have his way. The other was
to propose a new regime for the
canal which would have the sup-
port of so many nations, including
India and even the Soviet Union,
that it would be very difficult for
Nasser to refuse it, very difficult
fnr him + inlnfta i+

deed of getting anything better,
indeed of getting anything as good.
Lacking any positive policy of
our own for building a new regime
at the canal, Mr. Dulles found
himself working principally to re-
strain Britain and France from
following their policy. This has
caused deep and dangerous resent-
ment in London and Paris. Instead
of taking a bold and independent
line for a new deal at Suez, Mr.
Dulles took a line of agreeing with
London and Paris just enough to
hold on to them, and not enough to
support them. It was, to give it is
name, a tactic of frustration which
had as its aim the avoidance of
hostilities without offering any
real proposal of a settlement.
* * *
THE SUEZ affair illustrates the
virtues and the limitations of Gen.
Eisenhower as a peace-maker. He
is opposed to fighting wherever
and whenever it is avoidable, and
he is quick and decisive to say no
to those who might wish to fight.
He reacts peaceably when' a crisis

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