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September 25, 1955 - Image 15

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Publication:
Michigan Daily, 1955-09-25

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SUNDAY, SEPTEMBER 25,1953

THE MCHIGALN DAILY i

STJNDAY, SEPTEMBER 25, 1955 THE MICHIGAN DAILY

Ford Grant
Finances 'U
Study Areas
A grant of $220,250 from the
Ford Foundation is financing sev-
eral University research projects
in the behavioral sciences.
The fields included are psychol-
ogy, sociology, anthropology and
aspects of political science and
economics.
Support for three research and
training programs over a period of
three years will take up $115,000
of this grant.
Of this, $42,000 is for the Detroit
Area Study. A study of political
behavior is getting $31,500. And
research on the application of
mathematics to the behavioral
sciences takes up $42,000.
These three -projects were part
of the program or research on
individual behavior and human re-
lations inaugurated with a $300,-
000 grant from the Ford Founda-
tion in 1950. The $220,250 grant
was accepted by the Regents last
July.
Other uses of the latest grant
will be:
$20,000 for ten graduate fellow-
ships in the behavioral sciences;
$30,000 for a field research
training program in anthropology;
$42,000 for research by the be-
havioral science faculty members
and of the staff of the Institute of
Social Research; and
$12,750 for five stipends at the
rate of $850 a year for three years
to permit research training in so-
cial psychology.
Delegates Met
By Ukrainians
When three members of a Rus-
sian farm delegation visiting the
United States stopped off in De-
troit for a tour of the giant Ford
Rouge plant Aug. 10, they were
greeted by a motorcade of sign-
bearing Ukrainians.
More than 20 cars circled the
hotel where the Russians were
staying. They carried signs read-
ing, "The Ukraine fights 'com-
munism," "Hunger, fear, mass ex-
ecution -- the Russian weapons,"
"Moscow's artificial famine - a
warning to the West.?'
Pollock Elected
Prof. James K. Pollock, chair-
man of the political science de-
partment, has been elected presi-
dent of the International Political
Science Association.
He is the second American
scholar to head the group. He was
elected during the association's
Third Congress Aug. 20 in Stock-.
holm and will hold the office three
years. He was formerly senior vice
president.
First American to hold the pres-
ident's office was the University of
Chicago's Quincy Wright.

ATTENDS ATOM CONFERENCE
Prof. Gomberg Outlines Methods'
Of Using Radioactivity in Research

Prof. Henry J.- Gomberg, assist-
ant director of the University's
Memorial-Phoenix Project, spoke
on two phases of research involv-
ing radioactivity at the Interna-
tional Conference on the Peaceful
Uses of Atomic Energy in August
at Geneva, Switzerland.
I-e first reported that University
researchers were devising new
methods of obtaining data about
the sub-microscopic world of na-
ture with the help of radioactive
tracers.
Prof. Gomberg said University
scientists were working on ways to
pinpoint tracers after they have
been incorporated into living or
inorganic systems.
Build Pilot Plants
Later, while reporting on the
University's research on irradiat-
ing food, he suggested that United
Nations health authorities consider
building pilot plants for irradia-
tion of food in areas of the world
where the need for the control'
of food-borne parasitic diseases is
greatest.
Gamma radiation from -nuclear
reactor by-products can break the
disease cycle of trichinosis in pork,
and should be investigated as a
method of curtailing similar dis-
eases around the world.
Speaking on the use of radio-
active tracers in living or inor-
ganic systems, Prof. Gomberg said
fairly good. methods of tracer
movement exist now, but there is
room for 10,000-fold improvement.
Tracers Change Structure
Tracers are radioactive atoms.of
an element that behave temporar-
ily in exactly the same manner as
ordinary atoms. Periodically one
of the tracers changes its internal
structure and emits radiation,
thereby revealing its presence.
When tracers are introduced in-
to a system, they can provide in-
formation on their route and dis-
position that could not otherwise
be obtained.
.Though instruments and pro-
cedures for showing the amount
Institutes Set
For Teachers
A schedule of six conferences
and institutes for teachers of-voca-
tional education and practical arts
subjects to be held during the
1955-56 school year has been an-
nounced by the University.'
They are:
The Third Annual Institute for
General Shop Teachers, Oct. 22;
The' Third Annual Institute for
Teachers of Woodwork, Nov. 5;
The Third Annual Institute for
Teachers of Auto Mechanics, Feb.
25;
Fourth Annual Institute for
Drafting Teachers, April 7;
Fourth Annual Conference for
Teachers of Driver Education,
April~ 28; and
Fourth Annual Inlstitute for
Machine Shop Teachers, May 12.

of tracer material in a system
have been developed to a high de-
gree, techniques for finding the
exact location of the radioactivity
are "relatively . poor," according
to Prof. Gomberg.
Problems Discussed
He told of two University re-
search problems in which precise
detection of tracers supplied vital
information.
One study may invalidate an old
assurpption that a particular com-
pound was incorporated during
the formation of melanin, the
black pigment of the hair and
skin. Knowledge of the process is
important, for when out of con-
trol, it can lead to melanoma, a
form of cancer.
In the second project the diffu-
sion rate of nickle plated onto
copper was closely measured by
using radioactive nickle. This type
of information is needed to under-
stand the behavior of metals work-

Prof. Henry J. Gomberg
Writings
A first collection of writings
by students at American upi-
versities and colleges will be
published this week in pocket-
size, paperback format.
Entitled "New Campus Writ-
ing" and edited by Prof. Nolan
Miller of Antioch College, the
book contains 18 short stories
and 26 poems, representing the.
work of 29 authors, including
University authors.
The writing in the book is
said to be the direct result of a
phenomena of the current de-
cade; the great university writ-
ing centers.
These workshops, in many
cases headed by teachers who
are themselves established au-
thors, are attended by students
who intend to devote their lives
to writing. From their ranks
will come tomorrow's winners
of literary prizes, magazine con-
tributors, poets,, dramatists and
authors of best-sellers.
Neel Continues
Studies in Africa
Dr. James V. Neel, associate
geneticist in the Instiute of Hu-
man Biology and associate profes-
sor of internal medicine, is cur-
rently in Africa under the spon-
sorship of the Rockefeller Founda-
tion.
During a two-month period, he
will have visited medical research
centers in Uganda, Ruanda-Urun-
di," the Belgian Congo, Liberia and
French West Africa in connection
with a continuing research pro-
gram on inherited abnormalities
of the red blood cell.
He will return to the University
Oct. 21.

ing under loads and at high tem-
peratures.
Discussing the irradiation of
food, Prof. Gomberg mentioned
Chinese liver fluke, intestinal
fluke, beef tapeworm, Oriental
lung fluke and fish tapeworm
anemia as diseases that could be
restricted by the irradiation of in-
fected foods such as meat, fish,
crabs and crayfish.
Some of these diseases affect
as many as 644 million people, he
pointed out in a paper he co-
authored with Dr. S. E. Gould of
the Wayne County General Hos-
pital.
Radiation Helps
Research at the University has
shown that radiation doses from
Cobalt 60 of Cesium 137 will pre-
vent trichina larva from growing
and will sterilize them so they
cannot reproduce, Prof. Gomberg
said.
No undesirable secondary effects
from this method of processing
have been discovered, he added.
In two other technical papers,
University researchers reported to
the Geneva Conference that:
1. A number of chemical re-
actions of possible industrial im-
portance can be promoted by gam-
ma radiation, and deserve "serious
consideration" by manufacturers.
2. Gamma sterilization of hu-
man bones for "bone banks" and
of bulk medical supplies is "one of
the most promising uses" of fis-
sion products.
Faculty Post
Given to Dutch
Mathemattcamn
Prof. Hendrick D. Kloosterman
of the University of Leiden will
hold the chair of Netherlands
Visiting Professor in Mathematics
at the University during the pres-
ent academic year.
Through the cooperation of the
Netherlands government and the
Univer~sity, this chair has now
been established on a regular
basis. - Prof. Kloosterman also
visited the University during the
summer of 1950.
According to Prof. Theophil H.
Hildebrandt, chairman of the
mathematics department, Prof.
Kloosterman is one of the Neth-
erlands' outstanding mathemati-
cians, having done'work in algebra,
number theory and analysis.
Prof. Kloostermann received his
Doctor of Philosophy degree from
the University of Leiden in 1924,
and did post-doctoral work at the
University of Gottingen, Germany
and the University of Hamburg.
He is currently a professor at
the University of Leiden and a
member of the Academy of Science
of Amsterdam.
New Program Set
For Engineering
A new program on the applica-
tion of basic scientific principles
to modern technological problems
has been added to the curiculum
of the engineering college.
Called Science Engineering, the
program begins with the start of
the fall semester tomorrow.
The program is designed to in-
crease the creativeness and analy-
tical powers of students, Dean
George G. Brown of the engineer-
ing college said.
Science Engineering graduates
would be able to apply their overall
knowledge of a variety of specific
engineering problems, he said, as
medical doctors call upon their
knowledge in basic areas to diag-
nose diseases and prescribe treat-
ment for patients.

U Program
Celebrates
Anniversary
Engineers, Industry
Broaden Channels
At the first anniversary of direct
channels between American indus-
try and the University's College
of Engineering, both parties have
benefited.
Under the College's Industry
Program, the College disseminates
information to, and arranges tech-
nical meetings for, industries en-
rolled for a fee of $5,000 a year for
three years.
The University gains by keeping
in touch with developments in all
industrial fields and at the same
time industry receives a number of
services, any one of which may be
worth the tax-deductable fee.
Growth Continues
Twelve companies have already
signed up, and the present growth
rate is between one and two new
subscribers a month, according to
Prof. Harold A. Ohlgren super-
visor of the program.
"We are convinced that the pat-
tern of communication being de-
veloped within the Industry Pro-
gram is one of the best ways Amer-
ican industry and education can
team up to solve some of their
mutual problems," Prof. Ohlgren
says.
During the first year of the plan,
35 technical reports were made
available to subscribers, campus
symposia were arranged, and Uni-
versity-industry representatives
met in informal sessions.
Staff Visits
University engineering and re-
search staff members visit sub-
scribing industries to discuss re-
search development, new materials
and techniques, and long range
plans, and industrial participants
are invited to campus for similar
activities.
The nominal subscription fee Is
about one-fourth the cost of one
technical man per year in an in-
dustrial research laboratory, Prof.
Ohlgren says, and is modest
enough so that smaller industries
can be supplied with data that
they are unable to develop them-
selves.
Income from the program is be-
ing used to make information
available that may be on file in a
faculty member's office. This
means abstracting the material
and having it printed and illus-
trated. As income increases it will
be used to stimulate research in
other areas which are of poten-
tial importance to industry.
Met Manager
Sets Talk Title
Rudolph Bing has informed Uni-
versity Lecture Series officials
that he will discuss "What Makes
Opera Tick," at 8:30 p.m. Oct. 18
n one of the Series' attractions.
Manager of the Metropolitan
Opera, Bing had originally plan-
ned to discuss his experience..,with
the arts in general.
Box office hours for the Series
at Hill Auditorium are 10 a.m.
to 5 p.m. Monday through Friday
eagh week.
Besides Dr. Bing, the Series In-
cludes Gen. Carlos P. Romulo,
Oct. 12; United States Senators
Alexander Wiley and Wayne
Morse, Nov. 15; Henry Hull, Nov.
21; Clifton Fadiman, Jan. 10; Dr.
Norman Vincent Peale, Feb. 20;
and Edith Atwater and Albert Dek-
ker, Mar. 6.

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