EDTED AND MANAGED BY STUDENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN
UNDER AUTHORITY OF BOARD IN CONTROL OF STUDENT PUBLICATIONS
STUDENT PUBLICATIONS BLDG. * ANN ARBOR, MICH. * Phone NO 2-3241
The Boys At The Dike
When Opinions Are Free,
Truth Will Prevail
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OOV OF PPAFESSIONAL t
Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily are -uwritten by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only. This must be noted in all reprints.
FRIDAY, JANUARY 13, 1956 NIGHT EDITOR ERNEST THEODOSSIN
Unrealistic Laws No Solution
4 To College Drinking
SEVERAL recent drinking incidents culminat- prevent stealing only because they work with,
ing in the prosecution of a local restaurant instead of against, the society they protect.
on charges of serving liquor to minors lead to The general rule that minors need to be
reflections on Michigan's and Washtenaw governed and their morals imposed from above
County's archaic drinking laws. is no doubt true. It is nonetheless folly to im-
Noalcoholic beverage of any sort may be pose a moral code which is laughed at. What
served to minors (under 21 years old) in the does it accomplish? The few who are foolish
state of Michigan. In addition, Washtenaw enough ;to be indiscreet are punished and the
County prohibits oirer-the-counter sale of all rest learn to be more careful.
liquors save wine and beer. The University Treatment of the driving situation is an ex-
prohibits presence of liquor in student apart- ample of an intelligent approach to a similar
ments, regardless of age. problem. The, existing law was ridiculously
A discussion of the wisdom of such laws in- outmoded. It was not practical to allow every-
volves more than the frequently debated ques- one to drive. So a compromise was adopted
tion: Should teen-agers drink? It involves, to and the pending law, which is both reasonable
some extept, recognition that, regardless of and enforceable (by dint of stiffer penalties),
whether they should drink, they do. should ease what was a constant thorn to ad-
During prohibition the country learned, the ministrators and students.
hard way, that morals can be legislated only The answer is perhaps to be found in edu-
within limited bounds. cation rather than prohibition. In New York,
Imposing laws on the community which com, which allows drinking at 18, many schools have
mand no respect is worse than no laws at all. mandatory health courses where drinking it.
The state, county and University laws prohibit- treated frankly and sanely.
ing drinking do not stop students under 21 from
drinking. They are unenforceable, for the most 'WTHAT Michigan needs is a frank realization
part, and laughed at by students who, properly of fact and a sane, realistic treatment of
so, consider them absurd and unrealistic. Fur- a' serious problem. What they have now, at
there, the laws encourage hypocrisy and a dis- the state, county and University level, is worth-
respect for law itself. less.
Teen-age college students are always going
IN ORDER for a law to be enforceable the 'to drink. It would be a great deal wiser to try
community must have a basic belief in it. and keep reasonable drinking within bounds
If the great bulk of people in a society believed than to naively assume the problem vanishes
stealing was justified and right it would be with the strict enforcement of unrealistic laws.
useless to outlaw it. Police authorities can -LEE MARKS
New Voice in the South
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Raiding Virginia Moonshiners
By DREW PEARSON
A NEW MARK has been passed in the fight
against Jim Crow.
In the heart of the deep South, Montgomiery,
Alabama, an event has occurred breaking all
precedent. There has always been resistance
to white supremacy on the part of a Negro here
and a Negro there. But never have the Negroes
acted as a unified, single group in defiance of
the white man.
It began with the arrest and conviction of
Mrs. Rosa Parks, a Negro seamstress, for re-
fusing to yield her seat to a white person on a
city bus. The bus driver explained he told Mrs.
a'rks to give up her seat in order to "equalize"
The night following the conviction, Alabama
Negroes held a mass meeting in which they
programmed a campaign to boycott the city
Negro patronage fell pff the next morning
by 90 per cant and is now nearly 100 per cent
The boycott has been going for over a month
and the bus company has cited losses averaging
22 cents a mile. Fares have been raised 50 per
cent and mileage has been reduced by 31 per
The Negro citizens have demanded that com-
pany drivers show greater courtesy towards Ne-
gro riders and that Negroes should not be
forced to yield seats to whites. If these de-
mands are not met, the boycott will continue.
FOR THE FIRST time Negroes are learning
not to be afraid to assert their rights. In
many cities in the South the Negro population
outnumbers the white. The whites only retain
their supremacy by keeping the Negro aware of
who his "betters" are.
'But now the Negroes are finally putting their
foot down. There is no need for violence. There
is no need for economic pressure from the
The white man really can't give the Negro
equality. Only the Negro can take it for him-
self-which he is doing.
(EDITOR'S NOTE: Mr. Pearson ac-
companied the Virginia Alcohol Tax
Unit in order to televise a raid on a
still outside of Roanoke, Va. The ac-
count will be continued tomorrow.)
IN ROANOKE, in order not to at-
tract attention, I registered at
the Ponce de Leon Hotel under
the name of "A. R. Pearson,"
which I haven't used for years and
which goes back to the name I
was cliristened, "Andrew." Short-
ly thereafter we were in a huddle
with Col. Tom Bailey, Chief En-
forcement Officer for Dwight Avisj
and the Alcohol and Tobacco Tax
Unit; also Walter Elmore, his top
agent in Southwest Virginia; and
Harry Lieberman of the Washing-
Elmore reported that he had
located a big 600-gallon still in
an old apple-packing barn in the
Blue Ridge Mountains about 15
miles from Roanoke and had just
come back from inspecting it.
He had climbed over a small
mountain ridge in the dark in
order to come up on the still from
behind, and found a piece of paper
in the door, probably put there
so the moonshiners could tell if
some prying agent had dropped
in to inspect their work.
MR. ELMORE said he had been
careful not to disturb the door or
make too many tracks in the snow,
but had looked through, and with
his flashlight could tell that the
vats of mash were bubbling and
about ready to run.
"They'll have to start working
tonight or in the morning," he ex-
plained, "or the mash will get too
ripe. They probably set their
mash early this week and then
will come back to work it tonight.
"One of our lookouts saw a
truck go up the valley toward the
apple barn just about twilight,"
Elmore explained, "and it's prob-
ably loaded with jars ready to be-
We discussed for some time the
strategy and timing of the raid.
* * *
COLONEL BAILY finally decid-
ed that it would be better to start
in the morning.
Early next day we were up and
off by car to a little ravine tucked
away in a foothill of the Blue
Ridges about 15 miles from Roan-
In the party, in addition to the'
men already named, were A. H.
Mucciano, David L. Price, Cecil
E. Kline, Thomas B. Stevens, Fred
H. Murrell and Raymond Bevins,
all of the Alcohol Tax Unit; with
the following members of the Vir-
ginia ABC (Liquor Control) Board:
Wayne Prillaman, George A. Mar-
tin, -R.P. Richardson, and W. W.
I had not realized before what
perfect teamwork exists between
the Virginia and other state auth-
orities and the federal agents. A.
L. Fulcher, in charge of Virginia
ABC Enforcement, was with us
and his men worked with the ATU
agents as if they were one team.
* * *
WE SPLIT up at the mouth of
the ravine, six men together with
my cameraman, Bert Spielvogel,
and me going up over the moun-
tain ridge to come down on the
other side from the rear. The
other men were to sneak up a
ravine and approach the barn
from the front. The raid was
timed:for 12:30 noon.
As we stood and waited for the
zero hour I learned something
about the work of the Revenue
agents. I had not realized how
much rum-running and moonshin-
ing still continues despite the end
These agents had been working
for hours. Most of them had been
up all night. Elmore had climbed
that tough mountain ridge three
times in 24 hours, twice in the
night. Most of them put yin a 60-
hour week. In truth they are the
unsung enforcement heroes of the
nation, their diligence saving the
taxpayers millions of dollars.
Finally it was 12:15. The men
would be up the ravine in another
15 minutes. Elmore and I started
down an old apple-orchard trail
toward the barn and the moon-
shiners. We could see the barn
but had no idea whether they were
(Copyright, 1956, by Bell Syndicate, Inc.)
A Six-Part Series
Beginning tomorrow T h e
Daily will feature the first in a
six-part series entitled: "From
the Other 'Side," the story of
today's prison and today's pris-
It was written by Earl Gib-
son, Editor of the Jackson pris-
on "Spectator," an inmate of
He writes: "These articles do
not provide-the reader with the
bizarre, the sensational, the
dramatic . . . I never went to
college, in fact I never went to
"But from what little I know '
of college newspapers, especial-
ly one of the size and prestige ,
of yours, your students and :
alumni and other readers would
enjoy this reading because they'
would be reading plain bread
and butter facts."
This special Daily series will
continue through next week '
and be resumed -next semester..
AT THE MICHIGAN:
Three law school students be-
came weary with the routine
of university life. "Five Against
the House" shows their efforts to
create excitement: they plan to
rob Harold's Bar in Reno.
The student who originates the
skillful plan makes it clear the
idea is done with the goal in mind
of being the first person to achieve
an apparently impossible feat. He
plans to return the money as soon
as the plan succeeds.
However, one of the three stu-
dents, played by Brian, Keith, is
a Korean War veteran subject to
savage attacks caused by a severe
head-wound. He becomes con-
vinced that it is his right to get
the money at all costs.
* * *
AT GUNPOINT, he involves an-
other war-veteran, Guy Madison,
and his girl friend, Kim Novak, in
performing the robbery seriously.
The story moves quickly and the
direction builds to a climax which
is tense and believeable. Robbing
a gambling-house open twenty-
four hours a day with 10,000 people
in-and-out of it daily, calls for
a plan both clever and credible.
Although it is not probable a
group of law students would plan
and execute such an idea for the
sake of personal satisfaction, the
film is such that it becomes total-
* * *
DURING SEVERAL university
scenes in the early sections of the
picture, some creditable comic
scenes connected with the tradi-
tional bewildered freshman are
carried out nicely. As the dramat-
ic depth increases with the reali-
zation of the motives of the wound-
ed man, the comic vanishes and is
replaced with a well-contrasted at-
mosphere of mortal danger.
Brian Keith is outstanding in
the film. His change from the
cool, cocky war-hero and prac-
ticed lover to a snarling and me-
thodical killer, is a competent ex-
hibition of acting.
' . * *
IT IS FORTUNATE that his is
by far the most important and
necessary role in the film, since,
the acting of his two co-stars, Guy
Madison and Kim Novak, the two
lovers, lacks that certain quality
which makes a character alive or
On the other hand, Alvey Moore
and Kerwin Matthews, the other
two students, are both sincere and
alive in their roles.
The Lighter Side...
To the Editor:
R. PHIL Benkhard's article on
the review of The Boston Pops
Orchestra was completely out of
control. This article was defin-
itely bad news.
First of all, the attitude of this
University is that music should be
superficially aesthetic, and utter-
ly lacking in the lighter aspect of
its context. We attended this con-
cert with the anticipation of lis-
tening to pleasant strains of music
and were gratified at the final re-;
THE Daily Official Bulletin is an
official publication of the University
of Michigan for which the Michigan
Daily assumes no editorial responsi-
blty. Notices hould be sent in
TYPEWRITTEN form to -Room 3553
Administration Building before 2 p.m.
the day preceding publication. Notices
for the Sunday edition must be in
by 2 p.m. Friday.
BRIIAY, JANUARY 12 1956
VOL. LXVII, N6. 75
Student Government Council. Su
mary'of action taken Jan. 11, 1956:
Approved: Minutes of meeting O
Jan. 4; Established date for spring
election, March 27, 28; Cinema Guil
showing, Feb. 6.
Endorsed: Code for administration
of the University Automobile Regula-
tions - to be submitted to the Regents.
Heard progress report of the rushing
Directed Elections committee to again
examine the possibility of requiring
Administrative Wing experience prior to
running for the Student Government
Council, and report definite recom-
mendations for consideration by the
Council at its meeting of Jan. 18.
Examination Period: Please note that
final examinations at the end of the
first semester of the University year
1955-56 begin on Mon., Jan. 23, and end
on Thurs., Feb. 2. The final day of
regularly scheduled classes is St,
Jan. 21. There will, for this semester,
be no ."dead period" between the end
of classes and the examination period.
Dr. C. M. Pomerat, Professor of Cytol-
ogy, Medical Branch, University of
Texas, Galveston. "Current Studies in
the Field of Microbiology With the Use
of Tissue Cultures." (with moving pie-
tures). Fri., Jan. 13, 4:00 p.m., Audi-
torium, School of Public Health.
Band Concert, 8:30 p.m. tonight, Hill
Auditorium. University Symphony Band,
william D. Revelli, Conductor, with
George Cavender Assistant Conductor
and Ralph Hermann, Guest Conduc-
The Vienna Choir Boys will be heard
in the Choral Union Series in Hil
Auditorium, Sun., Jan. 15, 2:30 p.m.
A limited number of standing room
tickets-are on sale at the offices of the
University Musical Society in Buron
Tower daily, until noon Sat., and un,
afternoon after 1:30, at the Hill Audi-
torium box office.
Student Recital, 4:15 p.m., Bun., Jan.
15, in Aud. A, Angell Hall, by Sally Luta,
pianist, in partial fulfillment of the
requirements for the degree of Bache-
lor of Music. Miss Lutz is a pupil of
Marian Owen, and her recital Will be
open to the general public.
Psychology Colloquium and History
Club: Dr. F. Wyatt of the Psychology
Dept. and Dr. W. B, Wilcox of -the'
History Dept. will discuss "Clio on the
Couch: the Use of Psychology in His-
torical Explanation." Fr., Jan. 13, 4:15
p.m., Angell Hall Aud. A.
Astronomical Colloquium. Fri., Jan.
13, 4:15 p.m., the Observatory. Dr. Free.
man D. Miller will speak on "The Cur-
rent Status of Stellar Knematics."
Mathematics Colloquium: Mon., Jan.
16, at 4:10 p.m., in Room 3011 Angell
Hall. Prof. H. F. Bohnenblust, of the
California Institute of Technology, will
speak "On Symmetric Functions."
To all students taking classes in the
College of Literature, Science, and the
Arts: On Tues, and Wed., Jan. 1748
you will be invited to fill out a ques-
tionnaire asking your opinons about
several aspects of the instruction in
your classes. In order thatyonmay
give consideration to your responses
beforehand, the general instructions
and the questions are reproduced below.
"Because learning and teaching are
reciprocal activities, it is appropriate
to review quite deliberately the rel-
tions between students and teachers in
"It is also clear that a college edu-
cation ought to challenge the student
to increasingly mature achievement by
extending his power to reach informed
and independent judgments. But be-
cause the arts of gaining and imparting
knowledge are subtle and complex, the
act of evaluating educational progress
is not simple either for the teacher or
"In answering the questions that
follow, it may be helpful to consider
that a teacher's central aim, beyond
the immediate communication of his
subject-matter, is to encourage lively,
critical thinking. At the same time, as
teacher's most obvious merits or even
his obvious defects may not really de-
termine the ultimate educational value
of a course, and the essential' but not
so apparent labors of course-design and
development are often no less signif-
cant than a teacher's conduct of the
"Your thoughtful responses to this
questionnaire will assist the College in
Improving the methods and objectives
of our common educational endeavor
"1. What is your judgment as to the
value of this course in your edu-
cation? Please point out both
its contributions and its deficien-
"2. Irrespective of your answer tO
question 1, state and then.evalu-
ate the objectives of this course.
Are they clearly apparent? How
well are they accomplished?
"3. How well was the instructor able
to stimulate your interest in the
material of this course? Give'
specific reasons for your opinion.
"4. To what extent did you learn'to
think critically in the subject.
matter area covered byl this
45. Keeping in mind that the re-
turns from this questionnare will
be used by the instructor in the,
process of improving his teach-
ing, please mention any other
aspects of the course or instrue-
tor (such as, for example, clarity
of presentation) not covered in
INTERPRETING THE NEWS:
Calling the Soviet Bluff
NO NEW ADVENTURE:
To~ Be, Proud Of'
By WILLIAM L. RYAN
AP Foreign News Analyst
INSTEAD of raising once again the specter of
nuclear warfare, the United States might
score a decisive success in the cold war by call-
ing he Communist bluff.
The Soviet Union has retained the propa-
ganda advantages in this argument. The posi-
tion stated by Communist boss Khrushchev in
India is this: Lacking agreement to end nuc-
lear weapons tests, the Russians are forced to
continue experimentation. But the Soviet Un-
ion, he says, stands for outlawing such weapons.
The American reply, as illuminated by var-
ious statements made by and attributed to Sec-
retary of State Dulles, probably will appear lame
to many Asians. In the first place these state-
ments indicate that the United States was pre-
pared, to use nuclear weapons in Asia. In the
second place, they serve notice that the United
States will continue to test nuclear weapons.
Dave Baad.,....................... Managing Editor
Jim Dygert.....«,....................... City Editor
Murry Frymer ...................... Editorial Director
Debra Durchslag .................... Magazine Editor
David Kaplan ....................... Feature Editor
Jane Howard..................Associate Editor
Louise Tyor .......................... Associate Editor
Phil Douglis........................ Sports Editor
Alan Eisenberg................Associate Sports Editor
Jack Horwit................Associate Sports Editor
Mary Helithaler.......... ,........ women's Editor
Rlaine Edmonds ........... Associate Women's Editor
John Hirtzel ...................... Chief Photographer
BOTH these statements are likely to resurrect
the basic fears of the Asians which were so
apparent two years ago when the Secretary of
State was speaking in terms of "massive retalia-
tion." Moreover the Secretary has been quoted
as indicating that the United States is willing,
as a means of deterring the Soviet Union, to
bring the world to the brink of war and take
the long chance that the world would not be
pushed over that precipice. This is likely to
do little to calm the fears of the Asians and
other people who dread the prospects. Soviet
propagandists likely will seize upon the state-
The "wake-up-America" statement endorsed
by the President and the Secretary of State is
likely to be welcomed throughout the United
States as a courageous assessment of the con-
dition of the country in the cold war.
It might have been followed up most effect-
ively by a frontal assault on Soviet propaganda.
A strong statement that the United States not
only opposed nuclear warfare but was prepared
under safeguards to end experimentation with
atomic weapons would have an electrifying ef-j
feet on world opinion.
UP TO NOW the Soviet Union's horror of
nuclear weapons has been a matter of words
alone. When the chips are down, Moscow is
likely to be found in a poor position to follow
up the words with action. If the United States
were to say: "We are against experimentation
with nuclear weapons and here is how we pro-
pose to stop it" a set of conditions could be
laid down which could be most embarrassing to
the Kremlin. The realist knows the USSR is
not going to throw open to inspection its posi-
tion in nuclear weapons, and the stalemate is
likely to persist.
The world has been waiting for American ac-
(EDITOR'S NOTE: The following is
an anonymous letter received by The
Daily from a student at the Univer-
CONGRATULA -)NS on City
Editor Jim Dygert's outspoken
article on the lack of political
alertness of University students.
How right he is!
When I entered Michigan in
September of '55 I was one of the
approximately 3,000 freshman stu-
dents to do so. My anticipation of
leaving the small town and small
townness that has confined me to
its rigid standards of behavior all
the years of my life, was great.
Great also was my anticipation of.
being allowed to view and to take
part in the affairs of University
LITTLE MAN ON CAMPUS
by Dick SiMbr
I thought I was embarking upon
a new adventure in living. But, in
some degrees I was very much
mistaken. Here at the U of M
I found the same hesitancy to
disagree, to agree, to take any
definite stand at all about politics,
world affairs, anything that con-
cerned society at all, that I found
in my own small town. Contro-
versy of any sort is just something
that students here do not expose
STUDENTS seem to take the
point of view that, for one thing,
they are being taught at, lectured
at, rather than to. One begins to
wonder, just what is being taught,
not only in the classes themselves,
but in the various student organi-
zations, in the extra curricular ac-
tivities and associations?
I live now in a large dormitory
and I am tired of the "Well I
really don't know anything about
it, but my father says so, so I
know that I'm right "s and the:
"My teacher must be a Communist;
he's always talking about individ-
ualism and things like that "s; and
the la'ck of out-of-town newspapers
and the general apathy and obli-
vion that seems to pervade in these
otherwise student-filled corridors.
The struggle for truth seems to
lose its meaning when there's
nothing to struggle about.
TOO BAD these students are so
"respectable." Too bad these stu-
dents are so unwilling to deviate
from what is expected of them.
Too bad these students seem so
bound by tradition to not want
to try to alter it. In short, it's too
hbd that these students nnform