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September 21, 1955 - Image 11

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Publication:
Michigan Daily, 1955-09-21

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VEDNESDAY, SEPTEMBER 21,1955
1,500,000 IN RESEARCH FACILITIES:

THE MICHIGAN DAILY

4

Phoenix Lab Opensy New Atomic Fields

EIGHTH PRESIDENT:
Hatcher Begins 5th Year as 'U' Head

gew fields of atomic research
Fe opened to University scien-
as June 9 with the dedication
the ultramodern Phoenix lye-
irial Laboratory.
['he three-story, glass and brick
ucture, a living monument to
SUniversity's dead of World
Lr II, is believed to be unequal-
outside government facilities.
Studies involving the most pow-,
ul sources of atomic energy
vre been made possible by the -
500,000 lab. It contains the lat-
facilities for handling and
ring these materials.
i. powerful bundle of radioac-
e Cobalt 60, the first to be
'ved into the laboratory, was
loaded July 11. Its strength was
Imated to be about twice that
th world's known supply of
Nuclear Reactor
%i $1,000,000 nuclear reactor and
ilding financed by a Ford Foun-
sion grant to the Memorial-
oenix Project is under construc-
ni. As thiis issue. went to press,
excavation had bee compet-g
ired and heating lines were be-
installed from the Phoenix

University Presiden HalnH
the University this fall.
Eighth president of the Univer-
sity, the 56-year-old educator, au-
thor and civic leader was appointed
to succeed retiring President Alex-
ander Ruthven in May, 1951.
President Hatcher has a wide
background frhis job ofp heading
Aiienative of Ironton, 0., he pre-
pared for .college at Morehead
Normal School in Kentucky. After
completing preliminary work at
Ohio State University, he received
his Ph.D. degree there in 1927.
OSU Vice President
He did postgraduate work in the
United States and abroad, becom-
ing an Ohio State professor in
1932. He served as dean from 1944
to 1948 and became OSU vice
pesidentrin charge of faculties
Noted as one of Ohio's leading
citizens, ,President Hatcher was
given the Ohio Governor's Award
for advancement of Ohio's pres-
tige in 1949.
A year later, he received the
Ohioana Grand Medal for his
books on Ohio and the Northwest
Mrs. Hatcher
Mrs. Hatcher has a background
atmuch centere arundBOhioe
New Havren, Conn., Mrs. Hatcher
received a Bachelor of Arts de-
gan her teaching career in Colum-
bus soon after.
She met President Hatcher when
he was a professor of English
at OSU and she was a teacher of
French and German at the univer-
sity high school.

Other members of the Hatcher
family are 11-year-old Bobby and
nine-year-old Anne Linda.
President's Aides
Aiding the President in running
the University are Vice Presi-
vin L. Nehuss Vice Pesident Wil
bur K. Pierpont, in charge ot
business and finance, Vice Presi-
dent for Student Affairs James A.
Lewis, Assistant to the President
Senior Board
One of More
Active Groups
One of the less publicized but
more active campus groups is
Senior Board.
Attempting recently to become
a more important campus gov-
erning body, Senior Board is made
up of the officers of all the sen-
ior classes of the University's
schools and colleges.
In addition to doing a great
dea of hplannin fot~r commence-
nator of inter-college events.
This year Senior Board will be
ner '56. Other offcersB area vie
chairman Jerry Prescott, '56BAd,
R ankin '56A, recordi tgsecretry
Marilyn Smith, '56BAd, and treas-
urer Roger Anersen, '56E.
Daily Classifieds

Erich A. Walter, Secretary and
Assistant Vice President Herbert
G. Watkins and Director of Uni-
versity Relations Arthur L. Bran-
don.

Gives Credit
Founded in 1928 as the sum-
mer home of the National High
*School orchestra, Interlochen Na-
tional Music Camp has grown into
a town of dormitories, studio
buildings, cafeterias, libraries, lab-
oratories, warehotises, a sawmill
and hospital.
Campers range from grade
school to graduate students.
IGraduate and undergraduate stu-
dents enroll in a field branch of
the University.
Part of the Summer Session, the
University branch offers courses
for regular credit In the music
school, speech department, educa-
tion school and architecture col-
lege. Courses are offered for the
same credit as In regular summer
sessions.
At least one concert Is planned
for every night of the eight
weeks, excepting Mondays. A sym-
phony concert is scheduled for 8
p.m. every Sunday.

HARLAN H. HATCHER
...'U' president

-PHOENIX LAB-The new $1,500,000 Phoenix Memorial Laboratory is equipped with extensive
facilities for atomic energy research. Located on the new North Campus, it is the first building
for the Memorial-Phoenix Project, a war memorial dedicated to the study of peacetime uses for
atomic energy.

The buildings' facilities are for
research on the peaceful uses of
atomic energy, the purpose of the
Nearly nieyears ago, the Stu-
dent Legislature went on record as
favoring a "functional war memo-
rial to the World War I- dead,"
thus laying the seed for the Phoe-
nix Project.
Tribute To War Heroes
In the wake of the war, *he
project was conceived as a living
tribute to Its heroes, dedicated to

testudy of peace-time pten-
inery months after the initial
SLresolution the idea received of-
appointment of a faculty-student
War Memorial Committee.
The committee later adopted
the suggestion of prominent alum-
nus Fred J. Smith, a New York
publsiher, who proposed that re-
search be devoted to the study of
atomic potential in the r'ealm of
peace-time activity.

By May gof r1948 the inevitable
the Regents, the pat asprcleared
for te Poject' realiation. A.
Sawyer of the graduate school,
and his staff began in 1949 on a
borrowed operating budget of
$25,000. That year Phoenix grant-
ed a total of $6,400 to individual
researchers to explore various
atomic areas.
During 1952-53, $555,692 was
spent by the Phoenix project on

research, operations and construc-
Labh wthe first buidingtoe
completed for the Project'.
The lab, located on the new
North Campus, contains two radi-
ation "caves," with wals three-
fet thick, nine-ton doors and
specially treated windows. Each
cost $150,000.

Try FOL LET T'S First
USED BOOKS
BARGA IN PR ICES
STATE STREET at NORTH UNIVERSITY

PER SEMESTER:
'U' Regents
Raise Tuition
Fees $0,1$2
S Student tuition fees are at their
present level because the Board
of Regents raised fees $10 per
semester for Michigan residents
and $20 for non-residents at its
SJune meeting.
As a result of the increase,
tuition for a Michigan resident
Is now $100 per semester and $235
for a non-resident student.
Last increase in fees was in 1953
when tuition was raised to $90 for
*residents and $215 for non-resi-
dents.
Combined with an expected fall
4 enrollment of 19,750, the increase
in fees is expected to bring an
additional $400,000 to the Univer-
sity. Income from student fees
and other, resources will be in--
creased from $5,824,000 in 1954-55
to $6,488,400 for 1955-56.
tio of $23,725,00 the inreas
made possible by General Funds
Budget for University Operations
of $30,213,400, which is $3,336,404
larger than the previous year's
budget.
$University President Harlan H.
LHatcher reported that 89 new fac-
I ulty members would be added to
the staff this year, bringing the
total to 1,449.
President Hatcher said fees at
the University have changed from
time to time but haven't kept pace
*with changes'in the economy. The
University has never been the top
one in fees, he said, but has kept
near the top in fees at state sup-
ported universities.
Increased expenditures In the
bnew budget include $1,179,000 in
salary improvement, and $580,000
k n additional personnel. Plant
operations and extension will cost
an added $451,000. This Includes
Yjanitors, maintenance, -heat and
*power for new buildings and re-
habilitation of present class-
Srooms.

Conducts Variety of Studies

Who does wht ow often and
why, Is thie job of the University's
Institute for Social Research.
The Institute, established in
1946, consists of two centers: the
Research Cepiter for Group Dy-
namcs, and the Survey Research
Center. Both centers have their
beginnings in events which occured
before their association with the
University.
- Survey Research Center grew out
of an organization with the United
States Department of Agriculture.
The Division of Program Surveys
was formed by the government in
1939 under the direction of Rensis
Likert, present head of the Insti-
tute.
Surveys During War
Surveys were carried out first
for the Agriculture Department,
but during the war years, the sur-
vey range and variety was widened
to include many other government
projects.
After the war, key members of
the research organization were de-
termined to carry on the work, but
found It necessary to associate
themselves with some academic In-
stitution. They desired a greater
freedom of choice in i'esearch ob-
jiectives.
The University provided the ne-
cessary freedom in combination
with an expanding social science
program. Also, Michigan was one
of the few universities with ex-
perience in administration of large
scale research units, and was able
to provide the necessary housing
and financial support.
In 1946, the Survey Research
Center was established .at the
University.
Second Began In 1945
The second of the centers now
comprising the Institute was.
founded in 1945 by Prof. Kurt
Lewin at Massachusetts Institute
of Technology. Prof. Lewin, a pio-
neer in the field of group research,
had been making substantial pro-
gress in developing experimental
techniques, and had succeeded in
isolating different types of leader-
ship and their consequences for
various groups.

Prof. Lewin died In 1947, and his
successors decided to; move their
group to an institution with great-
er social science resources. In 1948,
the decision to invite the Research
Center for Group Dynamics to the
Universiy was made by the Board
of Reents
Prof. Angus Campbell has been
director of the Survey Research
Center since 1948, and Prof. Dor-
win Cartwright has headed the
Research Center for Group Dy-
namics over the same period of
time.
Study Economic Decisions
The oldest program of the Sur-
vey Research Center Is concerned
with dynamics of major economic
decisions-made by consumers and
businessmen. Under the direction
of Prof. George Katona the pro-
gram believes that people's mo-
tives, level of information and atti-
tudes influence economic behavior.
Data traditionally rpgard as eco-
nomic is supplemented by quanti-
tative Information on psychologi-
cal factors. Studies have been
supported by various governmental
agencies, private business firms
and foundations.
A grant from the Ford Founda-
tion provided necessary economic
impetus to the Detroit Area Study.
Established in 1951, the study pro-
vides faculty and graduate stu-
dents with opportunity to study
behavior in a major metropolitan
.center.
An important area of research
for the Group Dynamics unit has
been in developing methods for
improving group functioning and
utilizing group processes in ways
to maximize member adjustment.
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