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November 13, 1955 - Image 4

Resource type:
Michigan Daily, 1955-11-13

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Sixty-Sixth Year

Just One More"

Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only. This must be noted in all reprints.

'Wide World' Wider
But Not Much Better
Daily Television Writer
THIS AFTERNOON "Wide Wide World" (NBC 4 p.m.) presents a
television first. So far in this series Dave Garroway and crew
have gone to Mexico for a bullfight and to Canada for the Stratford
Shakespearian Festival along with numerous places of interest in the
United States through the eyes of the live television cameras.
But today these cameras will be in Havana, Cuba, to present the
first live telecast from a foreign country that has to be beamed across
a body of water to the United States. NBC will employ the use of
an airplane which will stay at an altitude of 11,000 feet and relay
the signal from Havana to Miami Beach, Florida, where the nation-
wide coaxial cable starts.
After this big build-up one would think that this will be the

'We Are Entering
A New Era'
An Address By Walter Lippmann

(EDITOR'S NOTE: The following addre was
delivered at the Convocation of the University of
Chicago Friday. It has been abridged slightly.)
IT IS AN honor, and I certainly regard it as a
great privilege, to have been invited to take
part in this celebration and to speak at this
An anniversary speaker has but one possible
subject: he must look back upon the past and he
must look forward to the future.
This is, as it happens, a moment in the history
of the modern world when this, the perennial
subject of an anniversary speaker, is also the
living subject of our most serious practical con-
cern. We have arrived at a turning point in
the history of our time. We have arrived at
a great divide between two eras, and what for
most of our lives we have thought of as the
present and the contemporary, is now the re-
cent past and behind us. We have come into
a future which even ten years ago few could,
and almost no one did, imagine.
There has been a revolution of the most radi-
cal kind in the technology of war and this revo-'
lution is having enormous consequences upon
the balance and the structure of power through-
out the world. This technological revolution is
not completed. It is proceeding far more rapid-
ly than our ability to assess its political conse-
But we have reached the point-we reached
that point in the past year-when all the great
powers have realized, and have publicly recog-
nized, that none of them can face the risk of
a modern nuclear war. There exists, as a re-
sult, a military stalemate which compels the
great powers to avoid war even at the expense
of their objectives, even though the issues of
the struggle between them remain unsettled
and unresolved.
NO MAN can be sure he is reading correctly
the history of his own time. But as I read
our recent history, this fundamental change of
view has meant that there is a devaluation and
downgrading of the political issues, that there
is an upgrading of the necessity of avoiding war.
This fundamental change began in\1949 when
the Soviet government showed that it had
developed nuclear weapons. The change came
to a climax in 1954 when the hydrogen bomb
had been tested, and its awful consequences
had been realized, in London, in Washington,
and in Moscow.
The famous meeting at the summit last July
in Geneva was the direct result of the fact that
the big governments and informed opinion
throughout the world had realized the enor-
mous and revolutionary character of the mod-
ern weapons. The so-called spirit of Geneva
was essentially a public acknowledgment that
it had become impossible to contemplate a re-
sort to nuclear warfare.
There was no agreement at Geneva that we
were all going to love one another. There was
no agreement that we were all going to think
alike, and none that our interests had suddenly
become compatible. But there was an agree-
ment that for the time being it was impossible
to contemplate a war among the great powers.
No one knows how long this military stale-
mate will last. But while the stalemate does
last, we find ourselves living in a time when
war and the threat of war have become un-
useable instruments for the promotion of the
national purposes of the great powers. There
has been, as we know, no disarmament. But
the armaments of the great powers are, for the
time being, neutralized.
THE SOVIET Union cannot use its military
forces to support a Communist uprising in-
side the lands protected by the Western powers.
For the risk of war is too incalculably great to
justify an attempt to expand the Communist
orbit by military action. The Western powers
cannot use their military power to roll back
the frontiers of the Communist orbit.
For the risks- of war are too incalculably
great. The struggle between the two great
systems goes on. It will go on. But we now
have reason to think-indeed we know when
we look, for example, at Egypt-that this strug-
gle is going to be waged with measures and with
instruments which do not provoke or challenge
a total war.

THIS MARKS a new era. But we must rea-
lize that we are entering this new era with
our minds conditioned by our experiences in the
old era. Our minds are conditioned by the
great depression, by the rise of Hitler, by the
aggression of Japan, by the failure to organize
and to arm the allied resistance, by Munich,
by Hitler's defeat and conquest of Europe, by
the fact that the liberation of Europe could
not be achieved without the Red Army, and

we must respond are primarily foreign, alien,
and external. Singe the First World War, when
we were drawn into war against our will, we
have felt ourselves threatened by events for
which not we, but others, were responsible. Our
greatest decisions have, in fact, been reactions
forced upon us by challenges from the outside.
We were attacked at Pearl Harbor. Then we
began to prepare for war. We saw Western
Europe bankrupt and prostrate and on the
verge of anarchy. Then we produced the Mar-
shall Plan. We saw Western Europe, which is
our own strategic frontier,. defenseless and
threatened with conquest. Then we rearmed
ourselves and organized NATO.
And so we have acquired the habit of react-
ing rather than of acting, of making. great and
necessary decisions only after, only when, we
have been pushed, prodded, and provoked by
events beyond our own immediate control,
I would suggest that in the time ahead of us
the big challenges will probably not look as if
they came, and may not in fact come, from the
outside. They will appear as internal issues of
our own democratic society. Yet the world
will not be at peace. It is only too plain, is it
not, that while we are not now faced with a
third World War, we are not in sight of a peace
of collaboration with the Soviet Union, and
much less with China. Vast areas of the globe
-much of Asia, most of Africa, some of Latin
America, the core of Europe, will not be a
settled order. The great ideological struggle
will be going on.
In all the vast unsettled areas of the world we
must expect to be the rivals, not the partners,
of the great Communist powers. We shall be
competing with them for the friendship and for
the confidence of the emerging peoples, for
influence and for power and for profit. These
areas were once-as recently as the First World
War-under the hegemony of the Atlantic pow-
ers in Western Europe and in North America,
China, Southern Asia, the whole South Pacific,
the Middle East, Eastern Europe, all of Africa
and the whole Western Hemisphere were within
the cultural and political orbit of the western
liberal democratic society.
We can be certain, I think, that in th time
to come we shall be the rivals of the Soviets and
of the Chinese in all the lands where the Atlan-
tic nations were, until recently, the leaders and
so often the masters.
I do not know how to predict the outcome of
that rivalry. But I shall dwell on one aspect
of it which concerns especially this company
who are here today, this company of men who
work in the problems of human society. I said
a few minutes ago that a characteristic of the
era of the world wars was that our democratic
societies were presented with a series of ex-
ternal challenges. If we are now, as I believe,
entering a period when war and the threat of
war cannot be used by the great powers, then
the rivalry for power and influence will be
diffused. It will not be concentrated, it will
not be brought to a head in some capital issue
of peace or war.
IN THE era we are now entering the impera-
tives of policy are likely to be much less clear,
and much-less compelling. The President will
not be able to go confidently to the people or
to the Congress saying that this is what we
must do to be saved, saying that this is what
we must do to defend the country and to insure
its survival. Our rivalry with the Soviet Union
and with China will be made up of myriads of
little issues, enormously important in the ag-
gregate, none of them in itself quite obviously
vitally important.
We must take it as not unlikely, indeed as
probable, that this will reduce big national
policies to'a collection of items that are treated
by Congress as domestic and as local questions.
We have, I believe, a good preview of what is
coming in the way Congress has been disinte-
grating ,and devaluing the foreign economic
policies of the Administration.
This has happened because, unlike the great
policy of Lend-Lease during the war and of the
Marshall Plan after the war, the measures to

promote the development of backward coun-
tries, do ,not appear as imperatives of national
survival. Honest men can differ about their
wisdom or their practicality. Nothing specta-
cular happens immediately if such measures are
The sovereign question in the time to come
may, I submit to you, be this: when the demo-
cracies are not challenged and compelled from
the outside, are they able to form and to carry
out national policies which their vital interests
in the long run, but not in the short run, re-

'Please Stay, Bennie,' Fans Acclaim

A Little Too Late.. ..
To the Editor:
I AM not what one would call an
avid football fan. I don't go to
all the games, even with my free
tickets. I am, however, familiar
with an expression from the world
of sport which has seeped out into
everyday life, viz., Monday morn-
ing quarterbacking.
It seems to me that, all those
who now realize how obvious it
was that the local team was basic-
ally a losing team should have
spoken up earlier with construc-
tive criticism, rather than wait-
ing until the time when later
events, while certifying their an-
alysis, made their comments use-
-J. P. Benkard
A Coach's Job...
To the Editor:
MUCH SPACE has been devoted
to condemnations of Ooster-
baan and his handling of the foot-
ball team. What qualifications for
such recommendations these in-
dividuals possess I do not know,
but from their letters it must be
A few words regarding a coach's
position may enlighten them and
any other misguided individuals.
Vhis is not a defense of Ooster-
baan or any other coach, such is
not necessary.
First, the coach's work (teach-
ing) is open to public scrutiny
each time his team plays. No
other professional has thousands
of persons sitting there waiting
for a mistake. Is it recommended
that a doctor's license be forfeit
should a patient die? Is a teacher's
position endangered if a pupil
fails his course? Yet a coach is ex-
pected to handle a multitude of
problems, both tactical and human,
and come up with the right solu-
tion each time. How ridiculous can
you get?
A coach is not dealing with a
machine but with human beings
who are subject to the same limi-
tations as all other mortals. The
coach himself is human and liable
to error. Everyone has good days
and bad days, including football
players and coaches. The coach
does what he can to get his team
into the proper physical and men-
tal state for a game. This is a dif-
ficult task at best and often im-
possible. Because a man is a coach
must he suddenly become perfect?
People who would hesitate to tell
a carpenter he was using the wrong
end of a hammer to drive a nail
feel free to, tell a coach how to
run a team. How does a seat in
the grandstand qualify someone as
an expert? If the Michigan team
were run by spectators I doubt
that a single game would be won.
Even a winning coach must
suffer it appears if he doesn't win
by the score that the 'expert'
sports reporters think he should.
Most reporters never get closer
to the game than a good seat and

Backs Bennie ...
To the Editor:
I'M GETTING tired of the grow-
ing "Bennie mhust go" feeling
on this campus. It amazes me that
so many people can get so bitter
and cynical over one defeat. I'd
just like to point out a few facts
to these people that they might
have overlooked in their bitter-
ness and disappointment.
1. Oosterbaan was named "Coach
of the Year" in his very first year
as head coach. It is doubtful that
the experience he has gained since
then has had a harmful effect.
2. Football players are closer to
their coach than anyone else is,
and the whole Michigan team is
solidly behind Bennie. Try telling
one of our players that Oosterbaan
is no good if you don't believe me.
3. Bennie has been closely as-
Sociated with football for 30 years
as player and coach and was scor-
ing touchdowns for Michigan be-
fore most of his recent critics were
born. With all, his experience,
there's more than a slim chance
that he knows more about football
than they do.
4. In spite of any statistics, Ben-
nie wins his games. He seems to be
one of the few who still cling to
the old-fashioned belief that the
score is what counts, not the total
yardage gained. It's true that he
hasn't won all his games this year,
but no other Big Ten coach has
I suggest that Messrs. Carroll,
Barber, Loeb, and company con-
sider these facts before they let
loose with any more blasts against
such a fine person and coach as
Bennie Oosterbaan.
-Bill Bolton, Grad.
Like Bennie . .
To the Editor:
WHETHER we win, lose, tie, go
to the Rose Bowl, or don't go
to the Rose Bowl, we, as a group
of loyal alumni, favor the collec-
tion of all brains similar to and
including those of Messrs. Car-
roll, Barber, and Loeb and ship-
ping them COD to a school like
Ohio State where chronic com-
plaining about the coach is a cus-
tom indulged in by everyone and
not just a few poor maladjusted
If the sagging egos of the afore-
mentioned can be bolstered only
by a winning football team (so it
seems) they need a psychiatrist.
Just let Bennie be; we like him.
-Sandra Gluck, '53
-Peggy Spaulding, '55
-Joyce Cleaveland, 55
-Jean Sorenson, '47
'Bennie Must Stay!'...
To the Editor:
BENNIE Must Stay!
In Thursday's Daily Charlie
Carroll said that the miracle was
over and now Bennie must go.
Mr. Carroll seems to believe that
Saturday's defeat was the cause
of Bennie's inferior coaching ..*.

See You There...
To the Editor:
T SURPRISES me immensely to
see the large amount of anti-
Michigan students on campus. Mi-
chigan has definitely one of the
best teams in the nation. People
call the Wolverines lucky; I call
them a great clutch team.
The Missouri game was hardly
a contest. Take. advantage of
breaks? That's what we did in
the State game. Lucky breaks? A
good team makes their own
breaks. We made our own
Michigan showed the nation
what they had in the Army game,
which was probably our best game
of the year. We beat Northwest-
ern through depth. We played a
bad game and still won. Minne-
sota, game-Clutch with a capital
C. Same with the Iowa game.
Then we met an underrated Il-
linois team who were so up for
the game that they were hardly
able to get down to the field to
play. This will be the last defeat
for Michigan. See you in Pasa-
-Don Werbelow, '59
Blames Students...
To the Editor:
LOSE one game and yell for the
coach's scalp, Is this, too, a.
part of that "great Michigan tra-
dition" I've been reading so much
about, And the team's send-off,
when they left Friday morning for
Illinois? Was that tradition? Time
and place announced in the paper;
and, as far as I could tell ,a crowd
of three jamming State Street.
"Is that the team?" an under-
graduate, male ,asked me; mildly
curious, just mildly interested.
"Yes," I told him. "That's the.
team. Not much of a send-off, is
'Michigan was down,' the news-
papers reported. And who, I won-
der, is responsible for keeping a,
team's spirit up? The sports writ-
ers? The coach and his staff? Or
has Mr. Carroll considered that it
might depend, to some extent, on
the enthusiasm and loyalty of the
student body itself ?
-Elizabeth G. Patterson, Grad.

biggest television event of the year.
the Havana portion of "Wide
Wire World" will consist solely of
a group of Cuban children singing
and dancing in the native tradi-
tion and a panoramic view of the
S .
secret of the identity of Mrs. Cala-
bash may have been let out be-
cause of a slip by Durante him-
self on a recent show.
Up to this time people have
been guessing as to who this per-
son was. Some said it was just
a ficticious name, others said that
it was an old' friend, his landlady
and even his late partner Lou
The slip indicates that Mrs.
Calabash is his late wife Jeanne,
who died in 1943 after twenty-two
years of happily married life with
the 'nosey' comedian. At the end
of this show he sang a tender love
song and then said the familiar1
"Goodnight, Mrs. C a 1 a b a s h,
wherever you are."
After theshow the "Schnoz"
said "Ya notice I said 'Calabash'
right aftah the song, to connect
the two. I donno whether any-
body got it." You can take this
for what it's worth, but it now
seems very likely that the famous
Mrs. Calabash is- really Jimmy's
late wife.
s .
TONIGHT marks the one Sun-
day out of four when the "Variety
Hour" has a chance to be strong
competition for "The Ed Sulli-
van Show." This is the night for
Dean Martin and Jerry Lewis to
appear on the NBC portion of the
weekly 8-9 Sunday night feud be-
tween the two top networks.
Since we're on the subject of
the battle between "Sullivan" and
"Variety", let's chalk one up for
Two Sundays ago Dick Shawn
appeared on "The Ed Sullivan
Show." As one of his numbers, he
imitated Billy, Daniels. At the
same exact moment Billy Dan-
iels appeared live on the "Variety
Hour." Yet the ratings show that
more people were tuned into Sul
They say imitation is the best
form of flattery. This type of
flattery Billy Daniels doesn't par-
ticularly need.
What They're
(Reprint of a letter to the edi-
tor in the Michigan State
In the interest of improving
MSU's "mediocre" educational
program, may we suggest that a
new area of study be added to the
curriculum, namely, Taxicab Ad-
ministration. The purpose of such
a program would be to improve the
quality of taxicab service across
the nation.
Both the taxi industry and so-
ciety stand to benefit by the pro-
gram. Cab companies would be
able to recruit college-trained
drivers and the public could rest
in the confidence that they were
being driven about town by the'
most highly trained individuals.
The most important result, how-
ever, would be that the field of
taxicab administration would take
its place along with hotel man-
agement, secretarial science, tele-
vision acting and landscape archi-
tecture as an area of critical acad-
emic inquiry, and thus the entire
field of learning will have broad-
-R. Ebel


THE Daily Official Bulletin is an
official publication of the Unversty
of Michigan for which the Michigan
Daily assumes no editorial responsi-
bitity. Notices should be sent in
TYPEWRITTEN form to Room 3553
Administration Building before 2 p.m.
the day preceding publication. Notices
for the Sunday edition must be in
by 2 p.m. Friday.
General Notices
Meeting of the U. S. Marine Corps
Reserve Volunteer 'Training Unit 9-2 at
7:00 p.m., Mon., Nov. 14, In the upstairs
lounge of, the Lawyers Club.
Chest Clinic. The Michigan Depart-
ment of Health will have a mobile
X.Ray unit available from 8:30 a.m.'
to 4:30 p.m. Nov. 14, and from 3:30 to
4:00 p.m. on Nov. 15 for staff members
of the University who wish to have a
chest X-Ray. This service is free,
The mobile unit will be parked in the ,
rear of the Student Health Service.
Staff members will register in Room
No. 58 of the Health Service Bldg.
"Report to the American People", a
30-minute film in sound and color,
prepared by the International Coopera-
tion Administration, describing t he
varied technical assistance of the U.S.
in many foreign lands, will be shown
promptly at 7:30 p.m. Tues., Nov. 15,'
Aud. C, Angell Hall.
Nathan Milstein, violinit, with Ar-
thur Balsam at the piano, will give the
4th concert in the Choral Union Series
In Hill Aud. Mon., Nov. 14, at 8:30 p.m.
Tickets on sale daily at the offices
of ,the University Musical Society in
Burton Tower, and the night of the
concert at the Hill Aud. box office after
Academic Notices
Seminar in Chemical Physics. Prof.
Samuel Krimm will speak on "Infrared
Spectra of High Polymers". Tues., Nov.
Mathematics Colloquim. Tues., Nov.
15, at 4:10 p.m. in Room 3011 A.H. Dr.
Herbert Knothe from Holloman Air
Force Base, New Mexico, wil speak on
"Convex Functions on Convex Bodies."
Tea and coffee at 3:45 in 3212 A.H.
Doctoral Examination for Neto
Clayton Loken, Education; thesis: "Sur-
vey of Secondary School Programs of
Health and Physical Education for
Boys in the State of Michigan", Mon.,
Nov. 14, East Council Room, Rackham
Bldg., at 2:00 p.m. Chairman, P. A.
Doctorial Examination for Gl1 a d ya
Ishida, Far Eastern Studies; thesis:
"The Japanese American Renunciants
of Okayama Prefecture: Their Accomor-
dation and Assimilation to Japanese
Culture," Mon., Nov. 14, 618 Haven
Hall, at 2:00 p.m. Chairman, Mischa
Doctoral Examination for Gail San-
ner Crouse, Zoology; thesis: "Differ-
entiation of and Host Reaction to
Homoplastic Intercerebral Implants of
Embryonic Rat Rudiments with Em-
phasis on Endodermal Derivatives",
Mon., Nov. 14, West Council Room,
Rackham Bldg., at 2:00 p.m. Chairma _j
N. E. Kemp.
Events Today
Free Film. Museums Bldg., 4th floor
Exhibit Hall. "Life in the Grasslands
and' "Horizons of Hope," Nov. 8-14.
3:00 and 4:00 p.m. daily, including Sat.
and Sun., extra showing Wed. at 12:30,
Placement Notices.
The following schools have listed va-
cancies for the second semester. They
will send no representatives to the Bur-
eau of Appointments for interviews at
this time.
Flint, Michigan (Young Women'.
Christian Assoc.)-Girl's Physical Edu-
cation-Asst. Health Education Direc-
. Roseville, Michigan (Eastland Schools)
-Girl's Physical Ed.; Jr. High Lang-
uage Arts and Soc. Studies; Special
Education (Exceptional Children); Pri-
Wiliainston, Michigan-Girl's Physi-
cal Education.
Copley, Ohio-Girl's Physical Educa-

Parma, Michigan-H. S. Industrial
Arts (Wood & Metal).
Berkley, Michigan-Jr. H. History,
English and Science; Jr. H. Physical
Education, Social Studies and English;
H. S. Goen. Mathematics; 6th, 7th, and

But the entertainment value of


by Dick Ibler


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