EDITED AND MANAGED BY STUDENTS OF THE UNIvERsTY OF MICHIGAN
UNDER AUTHORITY OP BOARD IN CONTROL OF STUDENT PUBLICATIONS
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Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only. This must be noted in all reprints.
FRIDAY, NOVEMBER 11, 1955 NIGHT EDITOR: ERNEST THEODOSSIN
Democrats and Labor,
Danger of A One-Class Party
S THE Democratic Party becoming too much A CHARACTERISTIC of democracy is that
of a one class party? -it places the common interests of the whole
In the North, at least, past election cam- above the interests of any particular segment.
paigns and results would seem to point heavily D
in that direction. Tuesday's elections indicate Democracy has the difficult task of recognizing
a growing influence of labor in the Democrat all the various groups and, interests of a society
Party. without imposing the will of a single group on
Although reputedly of little significance as all other aspects of society.
a political trend, this week's elections resulted Perhaps the Democrat Party has come too
in definite victories for Democratic candidates. close to forgetting this important fundamen-
And they were held primarily in cities-normal tal. Present circumstances certainly would
centers for industrial activity. Impressive vic- indiPrtetichas s
tories in these localities suggests the effect of idicate that it has.
the labor vote and Democrat reliance reliance In a large, complicated society as in the
upon it. United States, political parties operating in a
A similar conclusion might well be drawn two-party system must appeal to more than
one specialized interest to win the support of
from the results of Detroit's 15th District Con- the majority. This has lead to the generally
gressional primary. The Democrat who won the lo ortureTof amean poltic alt
nomination had the support of both the CIO loose structure of American politicalparties
and AFL while an opponent who is a member that has developed.
of the Democratic National Committee and If the Democrat Party identifies itself too
would be expected to have party backing, ran closely with labor interests, it is in danger of
a poor fourth. losing valuable support of other groups in
Can the Democrat Party afford to be known American society.
merely as another "Labor Party?" -MARY ANN THOMAS
No Trophies Needed
SIGMA ALPHA MU fraternity has offered to nize individual extra-curricular achievement.
put up a trophy to "that fraternity which As far as incentive goes, it is unlikely the
has attained the highest level of achievement trophy will provide the slightest degree of it.
In the three most important phases of frater-
nity life: scholarship, athletics and activities." STU1ENTS enter activities for numerous
/Interfraternity Council Executive Commit- reasons - prestige, social, fraternity pres-
tee has considered the proposed trophy and sure-but the ones who stay usually do so for
referred further consideration to fraternity the incentive provided by the activity itself.
district meetings. Demands on time and energy are far too ar-
Main purpose of the trophy, according to duous to hold the student who joins for super-
SAM President Lou Kwiker, is to provide in- ficial reasons.
centive.. There are too many trophies and awards on
First obvious objection to such a trophy is campus already. Perhaps values are being
that only a few fraternities will have any distorted. It's discomforting to think frater-
chance of- winning it. It will circulate among nities- will strive to improve themselves for
the four or five largest fraternities, which have something as superficial and unnecessary as
an overwhelming edge in activities and ath- a cup.
letics. Most are doing a fine job because they want
Second awards are already given for scholar- to. Let's keep it that way.
ship and athletics. Numerous honoraries recog. -LEE MARKS
TODAY AND TOMORROW:
Can We Muddle Through
By WALTER LIPPMANN
'Say-I Think We Can Save A Buck On This Trip"
AT THE STATE:
G 'T~ender Trap' Clever
"THE TENDER TRAP" is a sharp little semi-musical-comedy that
twits the predatory female but comes to the conclusion that
marriage isn't such a bad idea after all.
Charlie (Frank Sinatra) is a Nei York agent with a gorgeous
apartment, some money and few idiosincrasies; ergo, he is very, very
eligible. Among the women chasing him are Sylvia (Celeste Holm), a
violinist with the NBC Symphony and Julie (Debbie Reynolds), a young
LETTERS TO THE EDITOR:
Football Loss Incites M' Fans
To The Editor:
1 HATE to be disloyal, but I'm
almost glad Illinois beat us. I've
gotten sick of seeing an overconfi-
dent Michigan team putting on
lethargic performances week after
week and I'm glad that ridiculous.
"miracle team" myth has been
Our team's performance in the
Big Ten this year has been dis-
gracefully mediocre considering
our wealth of material. We have
outscored our opponents by a small
margin and they have outgained
us by a small margin. All of our
conference games but one have
been closely fought right to the
finish. The other was a sound
trouncing and we came out on the
short end of that one.
In other words, our 4 and 1 rec-
ord could easily be 3 and 2 or 2 and
3 except for a healthy share of
breaks. And yet Michigan is re-
puted to have at least two good
players at every position and three
All-American candidates in the
first line. Why haven't we made a
Many people point to the fact
that every team we play is up for
us. This is true, but it is also true
that we play seven of our nine
games in the friendly confines of
huge Michigan Stadium with tre-
mendous crowds cheering us on.
In our two away games, both
against second division Big Ten
teams, we eked out a one-point win
and then got smashed.
Since shortage of talent is not
the cause for the team's lack of
good, consistent performances, the
only remaining explanation is poor
coaching. This is not the first year
that Oosterbaan has failed to
make good use of his material.
Let's make it the last! Bennie won
great glory for Michigan in the
'20's and has been more than re-
paid with coaching jobs ever since.
Let's not give him another chance
to make a mediocre team out of a
--Jim Barber, '57E
To the Editor:
THE Michigan football bubble
has almost burst. After heroi-
cally staving off the inevitable for
four weeks our team has toppled
from the unbeaten. With the two
greatest ends in the country, a top
fullback, linebacker, two adequate,
though erratic, quarterbacks, and
fine depth ip both the line and
backfield, the team has looked
good only in the second half of
the Iowa game.
With each Army loss, that vic-
tory looks more and more unim-
pressive. Our Big Ten victories
have been made by terrific deter-
mination and downright luck.
There must be a reason. The un-
impressiveness of a most talented
team is something to be concerned
about. The fault lies with the
head coach, Bennie Oosterbaan.
Admittedly, Oosterbaan was a
great player but the game has pro-
gressed in that time. His coach-
ing techniques have not progress-
ed. He uses, the majority of the
time, an outdated formation which
depends on the size of both the
line and backs. It requires a long-
er time to run off a single-wing
play which means there are small,
but fast linemen to open and keep
open the holes for a longer time.
This is a difficult job and this
can be shown by the complete re-
moval of the formation from the
Beyond this Oosterbaan uses
this formation badly. He passes
only on obvious - situations and
shows a complete lack of imagi-
nation. He never gambles or looks
for the big play. In general he is
playing the game of the twenties.
He refuses to progress to the fast,
gambling game which make a good
football team great. With such
good material, spirit and depth, it
is a crime to watch mediocre per-
formances week after week. It's
time for a change.
-John Loeb, '5g
starlet who want marriage, not a
career. Charlie's foil is Joe(David
Wayne), who has been married 11
years and has three children.
The plot is a simple case of the
grass being greener on the other
side of the marriage license. Char-
lie thinks he really wants to be
married, and Joe thinks he really
wants to have women falling all
QUITE ASIDE from all the far-
cical horseplay and snappy dia-
logue, tlie picture has a lot to sa'
about career versus marriage. Miss
Holm's cynical comments on ca-
reer girls and their marital pros-
pects are funny, but they are
leavened by wisdom and a real
awareness of the 'tragedy of the
Except for Miss Reynolds, all
the performers do a very good job.
Sinatra and Wayne have a feel
for the kind of parts they play and
their sense of comedy timing is
perfect. Miss Holm has the meat-
iest part and she squeezes it dry
in the manner of Eve Arden, with
quite a bit added.
But Miss Reynolds isn't quite
up to snuff in her two rather
dramatic interchanges with Sin-
atra. However, most of the time
her role requires nothing more
than a dewy-eyed, appealing look,
and she sings well.
* * ' *
SPEAKING of singing, the pic-
ture's one ditty (Title: The Ten-
der Trap) is a bouncy little thing
that seems to have been written
just for Sinatra. He is aware of
the honor and does it full justice.
"Here Comes Mr. Jordan," a 1941
excursion into heavenly whim-
sy, marked the formal movie de-
but of St. Peter's modern-day
counterpart: calm, composed Mr.
Jordan, a-gentleman who welcomes
souls into the spacious reaches of
Since then, Mr. Jordan has es-
corted Terpsichorean Rita Hay-
worth "Down To Earth" in 1947
and been the subject of much re-
vamping, in an attempt to retell
his marvelous exploits. But he has
never been, or is he likely to be, as
charming as in this wonderously
Prizefighter Robert Montgom-
ery's soul is accidently brought to
heaven by over-anxious Celestial
Messenger No. 7013 (Edward Ever-
ett Horton) long before.the lad is
to depart from life. Because his
original "in the pink" body has
been cremated by Fight Manager
-James Gleason, it is up to Mr.
Jordan (Claude Rains) to find
the fellow a suitable, substitute "in
the pink" body so he can covort in
earthly fasion for another half
decade. Extra "bodies" are not
readily available, but Mr. Jordan
manages to locate several "spares"
with great ease and fun.
"Here Comes Mr. Jordan's"
comic exploits have been often re-
peated in the past 14 years by
zealous imitators. But the film
still retains most of its cleverness
and ingenuity and manages to
keep its fantasy foot off the ground
for the most part. Only when it
resorts to elaborate plot structures
and some Platonic-like dialogues
on the division of soul and body
does it seem to be digging a grave;
and this occurs sufficiently seldom
to let the picture remain a very
THE Daily Official Bulletin is an
official publication of the University
of Michigan for which the Michigan
Daiy assumes no editorial responsi-
bility. Notices should be sent in
TYPEWRITTEN form to Room 3553
Administration Building before 2 p.m.
the day preceding publication. Notices
for the Sunday edition must be in
by 2 p.m. Friday.
FRIDAY, NOVEMBER 11, 1955
VOL. LXVH, NO. 40
The University Senate will meet on
Thurs., Dec. 8, at 4:15 p.m. in the Rack-
ham Lecture Hall. Senate members are
reminded of the new rule which requires
that "All motions or resolutions, in
order to be included on the agenda,
muxst be submitted to the Secretary of
the Senate at least fourteen days before
the meeting at which they are to be
Martha Cook Building. Those Inter-
ested in the few February vacancies at
Martha Cook please call 23225 any week
day between 6:00 a.m. and 6:00 p.m. for
appointments. Sophomore and Junior
women without second semester con-
tracts are eligible to apply. Any out-
standing applications should come in
Late Permission: Because of the Pan-
hellenic Ball, all women students will
have a 1:30 late permission on Fri., Nov.
11. Women's residences will be open
until 1:25 a.m.
Student Government Council: Summary
of action taken at meeting of Nov. 9
Minutes of previous meeting.
Cinema Guild reports, including finan-
cial report, 1954-55.
Cinema Guild policy statements as
Should the distribution of profits to
sponsors in any one month, fall 25%
short of the expected amount, the Board
will automatically take the matter up
A maximum need shall be set by the
Cinema Guild Board upon each spon-
sor's request, and any amount above
this figure shall be put into the Cinema
Guild Development Fund.
Janet Neary to replace Phil Bery on
SGC Structure Study Committee.
Activities: Monte Carlo Ball, Nev. 18,
Union; Sigma Rho Tau, Freshman En-
gineers' Speech Contest, Dec. 6, 7, 8;
Assembly Fortnight program, Nov.21,
Preliminary report of Driving Reg-
lations Study Committee.
Members of the Faculty are invited to
apply for a visiting teachers grant of-
fered through the Carnegie Corporation.
The undergraduate colleges at Chicago,
Columbia, Harvard and Yale are collab-
orating in a Joint Program for Intern-
ships in General Education. Colleges
and Universities may nominate one of
their own staff members to spend a
year at the institution of his choice as
a visiting teacher in the general educa-
tion program. Assistant professors and
associate professors are urged to apply.
A leave of absence will be granted for
one year and the visiting teachers salary
will be paid by the host institution frou
funds provided by the Carnegie Corpora-
tion. Remuneration will be based on
the individual's regular salary with ap-
propriate allowances for transportation,
increased living costs, etc. Further in-
formation and application blanks may
be obtained In the Graduate School
"The Kinetics and Mechanism of the
Reactions between Iron (III) Complexes
and Hydroperoxides." Dr. Warren L.
Reynolds, University of Minnesota. 4-:1
p.m. Room 1300, Chemistry Bldg., Fri.,
Admission Test for Graduate Study
in Business: Candidates taking the Ad-
mission Test for Graduate Study In
Business on Nov. 12 are requested to
report to Room 140, Business Adminis.
tration at 8:30 a.m. Sat. Be sure to bring
$10.00 registration fee (check or money
dLaw School Admission Test: Candi-
dates taking the Law School Admission
Test on Nov. 12 are requested to report
to Room 100, Hutchins Hall at 8:45 a.m.
Doctoral Examination for Frank Glenn
Ireland, Education; thesis: "Factors Re-
lated to the College Choices of Akron
High School Graduates in 1951," Fri.,
Nov. 11, 4019 University High School, at
2:00 p.m. Chairman, H. C. Koch.
Doctoral Examination for Edward Paul
Coleson, Education and Geography;
thesis: "Educational Change in Sierra
Leone," Fri., Nov. 11, 4024 University
High School, at 3:00 p.m. =Chairman,
The Good Woman of Setzuan, a
Chinese Parable for the theatre by
Bertolt Brecht, will be presented by
the Department of Speech at 8:00 p.m.
in the Lydia Mendelssohn Theatre.
George Baker, personnel director of
WE ARE facing serious decisions arising out
of a very great expansion of the political
power and influence of the Soviet Union. The
problem has been dramatized by the sale of
arms to Egypt and the acute tension which
that has caused between Egypt and Israel.
But the expansion of the Soviet power is not
limited to this one area around Suez. It is
making itself felt in Spain despite Franco's
celebrated anti-Corhmunism, it is making it-
self felt ifi French North Africa, in the Balkans
and in Cyprus, and across Southern Asia into
the South Pacific.
There have long been Communist propaganda
and infiltration in these parts of the world.
What is new and recent is that the Soviet
Union has now entered these lands openly
and directly in the role of a great power. Until
the past few months the Soviet Union has been
a diplomatic outsider, acting indirectly and
exerting a clandestine power. Now she has
taken her place as a principal player in the
big game of power politics.
This is something very new for which London
and Washington have been quite unprepared.
Until the past few months they have been liv-
ing under the impression that Russia was ex-
cluded, as she has been for centuries, from the
Mediterranean and the Middle East. Sudden-
ly they find that in these critical and unsettled
lands, there are no longer three great powers,
namely France, Great Britain and the United
States, but four great powers. The appearance
of the fourth great power, the Soviet Union,
has altered radically the fundamental relation-
ships throughout this region.
T HE EGYPTIAN affair illustrates the nature
and mechanism of the change. Formerly,
the choice for Egypt and for the other weak
countries was to join the coalition of the At-
lantic powers or to be refused aid and to be
ignored politically and to be scolded for their
lack of public spirit. Now these countries can
turn to the Soviet government and they can
trade and manipulate their way between Mos-
cow and Washington. If they play the game
skillfully, they can use Moscow's favors and
Moscow's promisese to frighten London and
Washington, and they can use Western favors
and Western promises to get more favors and
more promises out of Moscow.
This game can become very dangerous. But
as long as Egypt, for example, or for that mat-
T ACCEPT the challenge and to compete
for influence and power is to undertake
something very big indeed. It will require
massive expenditures on a scale that will up-
set the whole financial policy of this Adminis-
tration. It will require also truly agonizing
choices affecting the national interests of our
allies in NATO. For the Soviet Union can do
more than supply arms, it can do more than
give'aid in the under-developed countries. It
can give these countries political support, which
costs the Soviet Union nothing, in their struggle
against France, Britain, Israel and the United
The alternative to accepting the challenge is
to recognize the Soviet Union as a great power
in that part of the world, and to negotiate
something in the way of a political truce. The
objection to negotiation is that it will at
once raise the political prestige and bargaining
power of the Soviet Union to unprecedented
heights, and thus may make exorbitantly high
the price of an agreement.
For either line of policy it will be necessary
to reappraise and revise the doctrine, as we
in practice apply it, of containment.. We have
held that all nations must join our military
alliances or be considered as fellow travelers
on their way to becoming Communist satel-
lites. This dangerous dogma has poisoned our
relations with India, the greatest and the most
influential of the free countries of Asia.rIt has
earned us the reputation from Morocco to
Indonesia of interfering in the internal affairs
of the new countries in order to support fac-
tions which favor alliances with us.
T HIS OFFICIAL infatuation with military
alliances has deeply misled the Administra-
tion and the Congress. For it has allowed them
to believe wishfully that 'it was unnecessary
to do anything important about the under-
developed countries if only these countries had
signed a military pact. The combination of
military pacts, which are extremely unpopular
in all countries, and the withdrawal of eco-
nomic aid, has left us wide open and vulner-
able to the Soviet campaign. The Soviets give
arms without demanding that people sign on
the dotted line in military pacts. They are
increasing their economic aid at the very
moment when Mr. Hollister is trying to reduce
The trouble with all this is that it calls for
new decisions at the very highest level, at the
Geneva Spirit' Extended to Afghans
By WILLIAM L. RYAN
AP Foreign News Analyst
According to Soviet propaganda,
the "Spirit of Geneva" can be vio-
lated only by the West.
Recently Moscow announced
Premier Nikolai Bulganin and So-
viet Communist boss Nikita Khru-
shchev plan to visit Afghanistan.
The announcement was accompa-
nied by this comment:
"The Soviet leaders' visit to Af-
ghanistan is worthy of attention
because it is a blow to the in-
trigues of those acting against the
spirit of Geneva, those who do not
want a relaxation of international
But the real reason for the visit
to Afghanistan appears to be the
shift of scene in the cold war-
away from the standoff produced
by the' Geneva spirit in Europe
and into the volatile Middle East.
* * *
AFGHANISTAN has been an
historic buffer to Russian imperial
ambitions. Czarist and Soviet ex-
pansion stopped on its northern
frontier. It separates the pres-
ent-day Turmen, Uzbek and Tad-
lik Soviet republics from the
Indian sub-continent. To its West
is Iran, the link between Europe
and Asia in the anti-Communist
Today Afghanistan represents
an anchor of the current Soviet
drive to splinter the line. At the
moment it swarms with Soviet
technicians who have built a cot-
ton izinnina ntn.l id ahut 600
--in view of the country's current
bitter dispute with Pakistan it is
likely to do so-it will be of ' a
piece with the Soviet bloc offers
of arms at cut rates to Egypt,
Syria and Saudi Arabia.
Arms to the Arabs threaten a
new Arab-Israeli war. Arms to
Afghanistan could mean conflict,
or at the least explosive tension,
with Pakistan over .the future of
the seven million Pathan tribes-
men in Pakistan's northwest fron-
ON THE OTHER flank of the
West's defenses, there has been
C o m i n f o r m interference in
France's troubles in North Africa.
Thus far Western observers can
pin down nothing more specific
than a flood of Cominform propa-
ganda to North Africa and the of-
fer of Communist help to extrem-
ists there. The goal obviously is
to prevent any stability in the
strategically important area. The
French Communist party plays an
Russian offers of arms to the
Middle Eastern countries have co-
incided with the signing of bi-
lateral military pacts, Egypt -
Saudi Arabia and Egypt-Syria,
providing for unified commands
and pooled expenses.
These pacts tage the place of
the All-Arab League Defense Pact
of 1949 which followed the Pales-
tine War and was ratified by all
states of the league except Libya
and the Yemen.
less dangerous than it seems on
the surface. They cite the amount
of training the Arabs would re-
quire in the use of the arms, and
Israel's presentisuperiority in
fighting potential. But others
point out that this overlooks two
First, there is a possibility of Is-
rael's taking the bull by the horns
and launching a preventive war
before the Arabs get too strong.
Second, by the time the dust set-
tled and the West could sense the
danger, it might be too late to do
anything about it.
Scribbling by Mike Marder,