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"Who's For Apple-Bobbin?"
Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only. This mus be noted in all reprints.
TUESDAY, OCTOBER 25, 1955 NIGHT EDITOR: LEW HAMBURGER
Freedom asa Living Reality
Address for the Annual Interfaith Dinner, October 16
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THE BOSTON Symphony has long since been world-honored as a
brilliant and accomplished orchestra. Why it is so honored was
more than demonstrated last evening at Hill Auditorium, where Charles
Munch led his men through a scintillating symphonic performance of
romantic and classical works.
Including as it did compositions by Berlioz, Ravel and Haydn, the
program was instructive as well as entertaining in the highest.
By Herbert Brownell
(EDITOR'S NOTE: The following is reprinted
from Mr. Brownell's speech, in part.)
VER THE etrance to the United States
Supreme Court building in Washington are
carved the words "Equal Justice Under Law."
Here, in a short statement, is the great corner-
stone of our Republican form of government.
It embraces the great concept of impartial ad-
ministration of the rules governing the rights
To begin with, we can be thankful that the
United States has never witnessed the mas-
sacres and mass destruction visited upon min-
ority groups in other lands. But this is only
to be thankful that we are not addicted to ab-
solute barbarism. There is much in our his-
tory, young though we are as a nation, to de-
monstrate to all the world that a people intent
upon freedom can make it a living reality.
Regrettably, there have been and there still
exist situations in which our high ideals have
not been fulfilled.
It has been 92 years since the Emancipation
Proclamation was issued. We are just begin-
ning to make that concept of equality assume
practical meaning. In the instance of racial
groups, we have come to the realization that
there are bloodier punishments than segrega-
tion, but few more degrading.
Additionally, most of our varied peoples have
not been wholly free of the whiplash of intol-
erance. No nation, even one as great as ouli,
can afford to have its component groups hos-
tile toward one another. People who live in
a state of tension and suspicion cannot use
their energy and talents constructively. When
groups within become pitted against each other
in a struggle for social supremacy, we create
the weakening discord so anxiously sought by
our enemies from without.
The challenge to provide a meaningful level
of equality and freedom is peculiarly one which
has devlved upon us. We must meet it square-
ly in order to vindicate the hopes of our found.
ers and the prayers of all of the peoples of the
world. Ours is a tradition of ideals as high as
any to which a nation ever aspired. If we
cannot respect the dignity of man how can we
expect the fulfillment of freedom in countries
torn by suspicion, subjected to dictatorial ty-
rants, and engaged in a never-ending arms
race toward total destruction.
i1ow, then, can we build for greater strength
Every level of government and every person
has a share of the responsibility. First, in the
area of Federal law, our guide is primarily the
Bill of Rights-the first 10 amendments to the
Constitution - with its protection against
abridgement of the right to religious freedom
and the rights of free speech, a free press, and
the right of the people to assemble and to
petition the Government for a redress of griev-
Aside from acts bearing upon national se-
curity, thoughtful students of the whole and
varied subject, of civil rights have recognized
the obstacles, legal -and practical, of attempt-
ing to solve this complex problem through
Federal legislation alone.
But this does not mean that the Federal Gov-
ernment must stand by helplessly without ex-
ercising its influence and limited powers as best
it can. Responsible officials in government re-
main ever sensitive to the view that complac-
ency can never be substituted for forceful in-
terest and action whenever any group within
the nation is relegated to inferior citizenship
BUT IT IS not only in cases affecting specific
individuals found violating the law that
action has been taken. The problem of segre-
gation, for example, has been attacked on a
number of fronts. The Federal government's
position that racial distinctions have no place
in our schools was successfully espoused before
the Supreme Court of the United States. Con-
tinuing Federal interest remains in the imple-
mentation of the Court's findings. Segregtion
has been abolished in the armed services and
ilrojects maintaining segregation practices are
denied Federal financial aid.
The national government also has taken the
position and has given forceful application to
the principle that those who wish to do busi-
ness with it must agree, in their contracts, not
to discriminate against any applicant for em-
ployment or any employee because of ;race, re-
ligion, color, or national origin. As a result,
thousands of new job opportunities have re-
cently been opened up for members of minority
The States, too, have a large share of the
responsibility for according equal protection
to all of its citizens. It is gratifying to observe
the great strides made in recent years under
local law. They reflect a more sensitive aware-
ness of minority problems and a forceful dispo-
sition to strike at the roots of the several evils
which have persisted.
BUT GROUPS libel laws hit at the manifes-
tation of prejudice, not at the prejudice
itself or its causes. When a locality eliminates
a slum area and gives to those long forced to
When a police force is educated to the complex
problems and tensions which exist among a
mixed people, and is taught how properly to
regard the dignity of all men, the corroding
fear of the oppressed has been dissolved. When
children, in the innocence of mind and purity
of heart, come to know that free public schools
and playgrounds mean exactly that, the State
has translated a philosophic vacuum into a liv-
In many other circumstances, the long, in-
exorable shift of the nation toward racial de-
mocracy is becoming evident through local ac-
tivity. In the last few years, such States as
Virginia, Alabama, Georgia, Florida, and South
Carolina have passed and enforced anti-mask
and anti-cross-burning statutes and ordin-
ances. An aroused South has shown that it
will not tolerate hooded hoodlums bent on
splitting the nation into mutually-repellent
It is also no longer a rare novelty for Negroes
in the South to be attending State-owned uni-
versity graduate schools, to play on school and
professional ball teams, and to be admitted to
local medical and other professional societies.
Though prejudice often gives way only with
groaning noises, the suppressed climb upward
But our Federal and State governments are
only instruments for the regulation of society.
They can only give to each of us the opportun-
ity to solve the major parts of the problem
as individuals, each in his own sphere of life.
Laws have their proper place, but the respon-
sibility of worthy citizenship is a personal one.
We each have a separate and individual share
in eradicating social evils and in refusing to
perpetuate practices odious to a free nation.
It has been said, with much truth, that no-
body knows so little about a minority group
as an American who has lived near it for years.
Often deliberately, sometimes unwittingly, the
surface behavior of non-representative mem-
bers of a group has caused us to wall off the
whole group. Knowledge must not be permitted
to stop at this superficial level.
THOSE WHO insist upon thinking of groups
in terms of individuals would do well to
give thanks for the great and lasting benefits
given to all of mankind by "the rejected." I
could not here attempt to catalogue the ac-
complishments which have emerged from our
minority peoples. But I 'would remind you
that the giant who has emerged in the fight
against the dreaded polio disease-Dr. Jonas E.
Salk-is a Jew.
He is the same kind of person still barred
from living anywhere he might please by the
practical effort of obnoxious restrictive coven-
ants. He is still not acceptable in country clubs
and social organizations whose members search
for superiority in caste aristocracy.
But more and more, and in countless ways,
our individual efforts are unifying all of our
people in the common bonds of mutual under-
standing, faith and respect. The ability of
differing peoples to live together in a stable,
enduring and beneficial society is being proven
in every corner of our land. It is evidenced in
the greater number of businessmen who are
realizing that when they hire for skill and tal-
ent alone, they best serve their personal in-
terest and that of the nation. It is reflected
in the admission practices of most of our col-
leges which have eliminated the abominable
quota system, a device to exclude qualified stu-
dents from professional life simply because of
the color of their skin, their religious faith, or
their national origin.
A wholesome national climate need not de-
pend upon organizational programs. A single
spontaneous gesture may itself be a moving
experience in brotherhood.
The story is told that while Dr. Mordeca
Johnson, president of Howard University in
Washington, was going south one day he no-
ticed a Negro boy on the train who appeared
to be worried. Dr. Johnson asked the boy what
was troubling him. He replied "I am the first
Negro to be admitted to the University of Ar-
kansas, and I don't want to enter. I feel that
I will have a most unpleasant experience. But
all my relations and friends insist that it is
my duty to go there."
The boy's anxiety was increased when he
reached Fayetteville, Arkansas, where the
school was located, for he found thirty-five
white boys waiting for him at the station. This
had the appearance of a terrifying situation.
However, his concern quickly turned to relief
when one of the boys came up, extended his
hand, and said: "Last night a group of us were
talking about you and how you would feel on
coming to the University. And we decided to
come here and offer you our friendship." This
was democracy in action!
ALL OF THESE forces - from the simple
handshake to the carefully planned pro-
gram of experts-embrace the values of toler-
ance, charity, mercy, and brotherhood urged
a =' :.. f .fit .N r+
A 4'' aA rr %"iriiiMrY.
it allowed Dr. Munch to interpret
the French music he knows and
loves so well, and also allowed the
audience to hear early and late
French romantic works contrasted
with each other and with the clas-
sicism of Haydn.
Berlioz and the Ravel make de-
mands of an orchestra which only
composers who are interested in
massive tonalities, extravagant
harmonies and full melodicaand
rhythmic expressiveness can make.
The Boston Symphony served each
in its turn with memorable ap-
It played the variable Fantastic
Symphony of Berlioz at once with
beautifully responsive mellowness
in the Reveries, with freely mov-
ing rhythm in the Valse move-
ment, marvelous pastoral touch in
the Country adagio.
* * *
ONE CANNOT forget here the
deeply luxurious string tone, es-
pecially of the altos, cellos and
basses, or the soft, bell-like qual-
ity of the Boston's woodwinds-
woodwinds which were to perform
again so brilliantly yet sensuously
in the Daphnis et Chloe of Ravel.
The March to the Scaffold gave
brasses their moment to be heard
with clear and distinct tone, and
the percussion to exact its insist-
ent wage of somber tones and sure
prising rhythms both here and in
the exciting and burlesquing
Witches' Sabbath finale.
* ** *
RAVEL'S orchestration seems at
first glance, to be mere effect and
Danse generale, but the delicate
tone blurring of the Lever du jour
and Pantomime suggests a care-
ful impressionistic handling of
programmatic material. Dr. Munch
drew out of his orchestra every
mood, every melodic line, in such
a way as to display the whole of
Ravel's ensemble, especially in the,
excellently played flute passage of
the Pantomime. It was a beauti-
fully treated Ravel.
The Haydn with its airy lyric-
ism and measured wit and vigor
served to balance the luxurious-
ness of the French works, with its
cool classic mood. Once again the
strings played with precision and
clarity against brass and wood-
wind, themselves equally temper-
-L. L. Orlin
Small Price. .
To the Editor:
HAVE a few suggestions con-
cerning the deification of Ike.
After he draws his last breath, we
won't bury him, but have him em-
balmed a'la Lenin and Stalin
Then, every four years the Re-
publican candidate for President
can take Ike along with him on
the campaign train. Think what
a political asset this perpetual
blessing would mean to the Re-
But, more important, would be
the new means of selecting the
Republican nominee. Gone will be
conventions! Instead, we will take
all the Republican hopefuls for,
say, the 1968 race, have them stand
around in a circle, and plan "Spin
The person to whom the coffin
finally points will be the candidate
for that particular year. This may-
smack of theocracy, but,-this is a
small price to pay for good, honest
-Tom Kelly, 57L
Reminder to G.I.'s...
To the Editor:
W E WOULD like to remind any
veterans studying under the
Korean G.I. Bill that between now
and the next session of Congress
is the best time to, act in order to
get a larger allowance next year.
A letter, or even a post card,
with just a few words in favor of
an increase in the educational al-
towance, to any Congressman could
take some of the financial strain
out of life here in school.
Representative Hayworth has
stated that he is considering sub-
mitting a bill to liberalize the
C.I. Bill allowances and letters
to him might be especially influ-
.-Joseph T. Rawley, Jr, Spec.
Robert P. Neault, '51
Silver Trays Replace Minks
-BY DREW PEARSON
WHEN you find silver trays
worth $1,000 handed out to"
businessmen and Cabinet mem-
bers by business advisers around
you, it's not difficult to under-
stand why Secretary of Commerce
Sinclair Weeks,. the Boston blue-
blood, has been ducking testimony
before Congressman Maity Cel-
ler, the boy from Brooklyn.
Celler has finally laid his hot
hands on the financial records of
the Business Advisory Council, the
group which advises the Com-
merce Department. This is the
group whose minutes "Sinny"
Weeks would not give to Celler's
Monopoly Committee last sum-
mer; regarding which also Weeks
was "too busy" to testify last
However, Manny has received
the financial records from Sinny
and they are interesting. They
TWO SILVER trays costing over
$1,000 each were presented to for-
mer Commerce Secretary Charles
Sawyer of the Truman Adminis-
tration and former Army Secre-
tary Robert Stevens of the Eisen-
hower Administration. Both are
A $1,102 silver service was giv-
en to John Biggers, Chairman of
Libbey-Owens Ford Glass Co., al-
so a Council member; $550 was
spent for a diamond rooster
brooch, recipient unknown; $557
spent on beverages for the Coun-
cil's 1954 confab at Hot Springs,
Va.; $2,339 paid to the law firm
of John C. Gall in the fall of 1953
and $3,600 a year later.
* * *
AN $804 gift, unspecified, to
James S. Knowlson, Board Chair-
man of Stewart-Warner Corpora-
tion, a Council member.
Over $10,000 spent at the Coun-
cil's meeting in Pebble Beach,
Congressman Celler wants to
find ouit just why these gifts were
presented, also what influence the
Council wields over the govern-
ment. He claims its members have
the inside track on important ex-
clusive information of importance
to business and that it has had
a great deal to do with recom-
mending certain top appointees
in the Eisenhower administration.
* * *
THERE WAS more than met the
eye beyond the two elite pressur-
ized planes which the Defense De-
partment sent across the Atlantic
to junket three Senators and their
wives home from Madrid and Par-
No. 1-The Defense Department
got plenty from the Senators in
return-much more than the oth-
er 93 Senators now know about.
What the Defense Department
got was a secret telegram sent byj
the junketing Senators OK'ing the
much - criticized multibillion - dol-
lar American Telephone and Tele-
graph deal with the Air Force
which Ike's Comptroller Generalj
has riled illegal. 'Despite that
ruling df illegality, four junket-
ing Senators telegraphed back to
Senator Hayden that they would
introduce legislation making the
telephone deal legal.
* * * .
THIS CUTS the ground right out
from under one of the Democrats'
biggest and best campaign issues.
So no wonder astute Gen. Robert
Moore, who chaperoned the Sena-
tors around Europe, wanted the
best for them in trans-Atlantic
travel. Moore is the Defense De-
partment lobbyist on Capitol Hill
and, since the Senators rule on
Pentagon appropriations, he was
nurse-maiding them through ev-
ery airport, every hotel, every
night club in Europe, Asia, and
No wonder also that Assistant.
Secretary of Defense Robert T.
Ross agreed to send the 'special
planes. It was he, incidentally,
who overruled Air Force subordi-'
nates who at first had refused the
Incidentally, all three of the'
junketing Senators' who undercut
the Democrats are also Democrats
--Chavez of New Mexico, Stennis
of Mississippi, and McClellan of
Arkansas. The other Senator who
signed the secret cable, Salton-
stall of Massachusetts, came home
separately. Senator Kilgore (W.
Va. Democrat),- who was also on
the junket, did not sign the cable
and came home by boat.
No. 2-This particular group of
junketeers started off with one
of the worst records of some 250
Congressmen, wives, staff mem-
bers, and wives of staff members,
who fanned out to all parts of the
world--at the taxpayers' expense
-immediately after Congress ad-
jourried. It totaled 22 members,
including the personal physician
of Senator Chavez, and they pro-
ceeded to displace 43 wives and
children of servicemen scheduled'
to join their husbands and fathers
The Senators' party asked for
space at the last minute on the
military transport Upshur, and to
make room for them, 43 wives and
children had to get off.
(Copyright, 1955, Bell Syndicate, Inc.)
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
CLARE BOOTHE LUCE:
Ambassador 's Formula-Persistence
THE Daily Official Bulletin is an
official publication of the University
of Michigan for which the Michigan
Daily assumes no editorial responsi-
bility, Notices should be sent in
TYPEWRITTEN form to Room 3553
Administration Building before 2 p.m.
the day preceding publication. Notices
for the Sundaygedition must be in
by 2 p.m. Friday.
TUESDAY, OCTOBER 25, 1955
VOL. LXVII, NO. 26-
Meeting of the University Staff,
General staff meeting at 4:15 p.m.,
Mon., Oct. 31, in Rackham Lecture
Hall. President Hatcher and the Vice-
Presidents will discuss the state of the
University. All members of the Uni-
versity staff, academic and non-aca-
demic, are invited.
It is expected that the Directory for
1955-56 will be ready for distribution
about Oct. 27. The chairman of the
various departments and directors of
other units will please requisition the
number of copies required for Univer-
sity campus use. Requisitions should
be sent to the Purchasing Department
and delivery will be made by campus
mail. If individuals wish a copy for
home use the Directory will be avail-
able by payment of 75c at the Cashier's
Office, Main Floor, Administration
Business concerns or individuals not
connected with the University desiring
a Directory may purchase a copy at a
cost of $2.00.
Late Permission: Because of the
Homecoming Dance, all women students
will have late permission on Sat., Oct.
29. Women's residences will be open
until 1.25 a.m.
Agenda: Student Government Council,
Michigan Union, 7:15 p.m., October 26.
Minutes of previous meeting.
Officers' reports: Michigan Christian
Fellowship, conference at Fresh Air
Camp, Oct. 21-23 approved for Council.
President: Vacancy on Council, Struc-
ture of SGC Study Committee. Vice-
Pres: Orientation xeDirector, Regents'
dinner, Agenda. Treasurer.
Administrative Wing, Frank Vick;
Central Pep Rally Committee, plans
for pep rally for Nov. 18; Michigan Re-
gion Executive Committee meeting,
discussion of time, place, topic for
Regional Assembly; Human and Inter-
national Welfare, Israeli students; Hu-
man Relations Board; Cinema Guild;
Constitutions, Fraternity Buyers'; Elec-
tions; Activities, Panhellenic Ball, Nov.
11, 9-1, League-budget submitted.
.Discussion topic: Educational Objec-
tives of SGC-Counselling programs?
Faculty Evaluation? Student-Faculty
sion of time beyond this date in order
to make up this work, should file a
petition, addressed to the appropriate
official of their school, with Room 1513
Administration Bldg., where it ,will be
All graduate students in the Depart-
ment of Botany who have not taken.
or have not yet passed the Qualifiying
Examination will have the opportunity
to take it during the Fall Semester on
Tues., Oct. 25, at 7:00 p.m., in room
2033 Natural Science.
Physical Therapy Meeting, Thurs.,
Oct. 27, 7:15 p.m., Room 1603 Main
Building, University Hospital. This is
an important meeting for all juniors
concentrating in Physical Therapy and
expecting to apply for admission to the
professionalprogram of the senior year.
Faculty, College of Literature, Science
and the Arts: Freshman five-week
progress reports due Fri., Oct. 28, in
the Faculty Counselors Office for
Freshmen and Sophomores, 1210 Angell
Botanical Seminar. Dr. K. L. Jones,
"The Nature of Streptomyces Popula-
tion in the Soils," 4:15 p.m., Oct. 26,
1139 Natural Science, Refreshments.
Mathematics Colloquium. Tues., Oct.
25, at 4:10 p.m. in Room 3011 A.H. Dr.
M. Auslander will speak on "Homologi-
cal Dimension in Noetherlan Rings."
Doctoral Examination for Morton Lev-
itt, Education; thesis: "Freud and
Dewey: A Comparative Study of Their
Psychological Systems," Tues., Oct..25,
4023 University High School, at 2:00 p.m.
Co-Chairmen, Claude Eggersten and W.
The Personnel Office has miscellan-
eous odd jobs and yard jobs available
now, apply Personnel, 3012 Admin. Food
Service Helper Meal Jobs available now.
Apply Residence Halls, 1056 Administra-
Mich. state Civil Service announces
exams for Nutrition Consultant III,
Bridge Engr. II and III, Apiary I, and
Agricultural Products Inspector Al.
U.S. Civil Service announces exams
for the following positions: Interna-
tional Information Specialist, Student
Trainees in Engrg. and the . Physical
Sciences, and Information and Editorial
The General services Administration,
Washington, D.C., has openings for
college graduates in Management, Per-
sonnel and Budget Admin., Engrg.,
Acctg., Arch., Records and Archival
By STAN SWINTON
Associated Press Writer
ROME-Your friend from home
fingered his wine glass, leaned
close as a conspirator and asked
Rome's most familiar question:
"How is Clare Boothe Luce real-
That same Sunday he could
have found his answer in a work-
ing class restaurant on Monte
Among the neighborhood fami-
lies celebrating a confirmation
day, it was a dark child in white
confirmation dress who first recog-
nized the blonde women eating
with friends. Shyly the girl touch-
ed a. ribbon of the woman's soft
green dress and asked a blessing.
An old woman stepped up with a
Then, spontaneously, the whole
restaurant applauded the United
THE APPLAUSE was symbolic
of what has happened in the 2% '
years since President Eisenhower
sent one of America's most re-
take a woman seriously. Mrs.
Luce's own Roman Catholicism
might prejudice her judgment in
a Catholic country with the Vati-
can close by.
* * "
MRS. LUCE came anyway and
what happened is history. Trieste
was peacefully partitioned. Com-
munism is losing ground. The
Italian economy is, at record levels.
The strategic hole in Western de-
fenses created by Austria's neu-
tralization has been plugged,
thanks to an Italian invitation-
through NATO - for American
combat troops with an atomic
potential to move onto Italian
Possibly no one' American had
more to do with these successes
than Clare Boothe Luce.
Mrs. Luce believes there is one
universal formula for success:
"Vitality and persistence in the
face of criticism and disappoint-
ment. When you look into what
they have done, what seems to
others to be the easy success of
the famous is to shrewdly make
fhpir. PA li,.rc nrainha1p1a rhp an
his holdings long-range from
Rome six months a year.
Mrs. Luce turned playwright in'
the years after the successful sec-
ond marriage and a succession of
witty hits came from her pen.
Chief among them was a vicious
study of her sex called "The
Her interests grew broader, par-
ticularly in international affairs,
as the world moved into war. In
1943, she ran for Congress in Con-
necticut as an anti-Roosevelt Re-
publican. She won.
' .* * ' *
HER TART tongue kept her in
the headlines. Her conservative
zeal-the same intense pursuit of
her convictions which later aided
her diplomatic success - made
many political enemies; unjustly,
Two deeply personal events pro-
foundly influence her life. Ann,
her only daughter, was killed in
a 1944 automobile accident. The
other was conversion to the Ro-
man Catholic faith.
Almost no one believes her pub-