EDITED AND MANAGED BY STUDENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN
UNDER AUTHORITY OF BOARD IN CONTROL OF STUDENT PUBLICATIONS
STUDENT PUBLICATIONS BLDG. * ANN ARBOR, MICH. * Phone NO 2-3241
"That's A Laugh, Ain't It?"
n Opinions Are Free,
ruth Will Prevail"
Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers or
the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.
" " . w...+...
Y, FEBRUARY 19, 1956
NIGHT EDITOR: JANET REARICK
CHAMBER MUSIC FESTIVAL:
Budapest Quartet Play
Beethoven and Mozart
THE PERFORMANCE by the Budapest Quartet on Friday night was
a very good one, but their performance last night was superb in
The Quartet, to begin with, played with the customary polish and
smoothness which has been their mark in trade for more than two
decades. Theirs is a super-disciplined, technically incisive ensemble
playing. With the return of Alexander Schneider last February to the
organization on the sudden illness of Jacques Gorodetsky, the group
has regained some of the former brilliance and excitement that can
be heard on the pre-war recordings of the Quartet made in the late
Recently, however, the string tones of Joseph Roisman, the first
violinist, has acquired a driness and an edge which is not always ap-
propriate or desirable in quartet-playing. It made for harshness in
some passages of the Mozart Quintet, especially in the first two move-
THE PROGRAM last night was calculated to show off the best
qualities of the organization: Bethoven's Quartet Op. 18, no. 2; Smet-
Faculty Sidestepping Controversial
ONE of the five examples of faculty conser-
vatism pointed to in the recent Daily edi-
torial may have been little noticed but its im-
port,necessitates rexamination. This refers to
inaction on the Faculty Senate Report on the
Faculty's rights and responsibilities to Society.
Last summer five Faculty Senate sub-com-
mittees submitted reports concerning problems
raised during the faculty dismissals cases the
previous year. Reports concerning tenure mat-
ters, severance pay, Senate rules and appoint-
ment procedure were accepted with little fuss
by the Faculty Senate.
The fifth report, concerning the Faculty's
responsibilities to society, was turned down by
a small margin. The balloting conducted dur-
ing the last two weeks in June registered 353
votes against the report and 317 for. There are
nearly 1,100 faculty members who could have
voted on the report.
Whether the report should have been passed
or not is not the primary qestion at this time.
The question is-why has nothing happened
since last summer's negative vote.
The sub-committee was commissioned to sub-
mit a report to give faculty members some
positive criteria by which to judge their occu-
pational activity. It hardly, seems plausible
that suddenly faculty members no longer need
the criteria so badly lacking in the pre-'dis-
rJ7O possibilities immediately come to mind.
One is obviously to write a new report that
would be acceptable to the majority. The other
THE PRESIDENTIAL order revising current
selective service regulations to exempt
fathers from the draft is unfair, inconsistent
That a man should be exempted from ful-
filling his military obligation because of the
happenstance of his private life is grossly
unjust. Normally, exemptions are made from
the draft for the good of the nation-either
mei are not physically able and therefore a
detriment to the service or else they can
contribute more to the national welfare in
civiliaiVlife. Fathers per se fit into neither of
these categories but are being excused from
their obligations by the pure chance of their
The new ruling obviously favors men who
are able to marry yung and begin to raise a
family. Those who have the financial backing
and/or the education necessary. to support
themselves -and a family are favored while
the young man, who through choice or neces-
sity, must postpone his plans from a family until
such time as he has himself is subjected to
discrimination. Why should he have to devote
two years of his life to something not of his
choice while his married and parented counter-
part lives his life without such obligations?
This exemption will do little to improve the
morale of those who are now in or to be
called up for military service, knowing that
while they pull K.P. others still in civilian
life are getting ahead and living comfortably
only because they happened to be fathers,
This is particularly true during peacetime when
military service is regarded by many as a
drudgery and sacrifice of' time to be gotten
over with as quickly as possible. Knowing that
they have been chosen by an arbitrary method
will certainly not make the draftee more willing
is for a re-vote. The 400 or more faculty mem-
bers who didn't vote could easily swing the
vote to support of the report.
Perusal of neither alternative is presently
Unfortunately the Responsibilities to Society
report has become a hot potato. Not unex-
pectedly,, last summer's vote on the report
became tangled in the preceding year's contro-
versy over whether or not Messrs. Nickerson
and Davis should have been dismissed.
Although much of the hassle has been be-
hind closed doors, the controversy descended
to the point where if you voted for the report
you were voting against the University's previ-
ous stand on dismissing the professors. The
Report was too nearly a direct reference to the
University's handling of the dismissals.
NOW few apparently want the split brought
back into the limelight. A re-vote favor-
ing the report might make the University look
bad and a watered down report would antago-
nize the liberal element into a battle of ideals
that might publicize unnecesarily a serious
split on the University faculty.
Meanwhile people will still ask, "What hap-
It is indeed lamentable that the faculty
feels it must side-step an issue so vital as
what its rights and duties to society should
be. Freedom, loyalty and the like are touchy
terms but still in the realm of important dis-
--DAVE BAAD, Managing Editor
The great inconsistency comes from the fact
that much of the Department of Defense's
efforts to build up an effective reserve system
will be negated by this action. The tendency
today amongst young men is to ride the draftee
situation out, hopiiig that they will not receive
their greetings from their neighbors saying that
they have been chosen to be among the unlucky
many. No sweeping movement to join the
reserve unit has been seen despite recent legis-
lation supposedly designed to encourage enlist-
ment. The increasing possibility of no call
at all presented by the new regulation will serve
only to increase draft eligibles determination to
wait it out.
THE PHILOSOPHY of the military "New
Look" is to keep active duty forces at the
minimum needed to deter an aggressor or in
the event of. hostilities, to fight a holding
action until the partially trained reserve can-
be activated and brought into the conflict.
Yet a sizeable segment of the male population
will not only receive no training now but at the
time when every trained man is needed, this
group will be totally unprepared to do its share.
Having neither compulsion nor incentive to
join the reserves, fathers will not have the
slightest hint of military life. It makes little
sense to put on a high pressure campaign to
strengthen the reserve forces and then turn
around and take a step to deliberately under-
The draft laws now in effect are far from
fair, consistent, and democratic in many re-
spects. Defense is everybody's business, not
just the concern of those who have yet to go
through the siege of the diaper.
Military Battle Over Missiles,
By DREW PEARSON
MORE OF THE inside story on
the hassle over guided missiles
and the resignation Cof Trevor
Gardner as Assistant Secretary of
the Air Force can now be told.
The public didn't know it, but
Gardner resignedi while under a
Senate investigation. W h e t h e r
that investigation was justified or
not is another matter. Most Sen-
ate invesigations are healthy but
this one may have set back the
guided-missile program by several
Basic trouble with the guided-
missile program is that it's been
pulled back and forth between
rival arms of the so-called unified
Armed Forces. The Navy has its
own guided missiles, the Army its
own, and the Air Force works in-
dependently of both.
* * *
ALL THREE have their own
scientists, their. own budgets, and
their own missiles. They don't al-
ways know what the other branch
of the service is doing, and each
is determined to get ahead of the
other in this race to develop what
all three know will be the weapon
to decide wars in the future.
Today, rival military chiefs
know that if a guided missile can
be developed to hit Moscow, then
the airplanes of the Air Force
won't be important any more.
Thus, if the Army gets ahead in
guided missiles, it can make the
Air Force take a back seat. And
right now, the Army, with old-
fashioned foot soldiers and Ike's
budget cuts, is taking a back seat
to the Air Force. So is the Navy.
Guided missiles could reverse this.
Assistant Secretary of the Air
Force Gardner, an energetic young
rocket manufacturer from Los
Angeles, was the mast dynamic
crusader for missiles on the Wash-
ington scene. He was putting the
Air Force ahead of the Army and
Navy. And it's strongly suspected
inside the Pentagon that the Army
and Navy h'ad something to do
with tipping off the.Senate com-
mittee to certain things that start-
ed its investigation.
* * *
THIS INVESTIGATION got hot
quite recently when Bob Kennedy,
brother of Massachusetts' Sen.
Jack Kennedy and Counsel for
the old McCarthy committee,
queried Gardner regarding a sub-
contract given his former firm,
Hycon-Eastern, by an Air Force
prime contractor in Boston.
Kennedy suspected that Gard-
ner, as Assistant Air Force Secre-
tary, had helped place this Air
Force contract with his old firm.
Gardner stated that he knew noth-
ing about the contract, pointed
out that subcontracts are let by the
military or the prime contractor,
don't come up to top executives of
the Air Force. Furthermore, he
had sold all his stock in Hycon be-
fore he entered the government.
Kennedy, however, persisted. He
and Carmine Bellino, former Mc-
Carthy investigator, cross-examin-
ed Gardner at length.
* * *
"DIDN'T YOU have a 33-minute
telephone conversation with Gen-
eral Schriever last August?" they
asked, referring to Ben Schriever,
the hard-driving young officer in
charge of pushing the ICBM (In-
ter-Continental Ballistic Missile).
"Yes," replied Gardner.
"Wasn't that all from your
"Yes, it was."
"Now, didn't you talk to General
Schriever about getting that con-
tract for Hycon-Eastern?"
This was what the Senate prob-
ers were driving at. They figured
Gardner has phoned from his
home to General Schriever so the
call wouldn't show on the phone
records of the Pentagon.
The answer was no.
HAVING CHECKED into Gard-
ner and his operations, I am con-
vinced he was telling the truth.
He sold his stock in Hycon out-
right, made a clean break with the
company. If he had kept it, he
would have made a profit of $2,-
000,000. The value 'of companies
able to make rockets today has
increased tremendously since.
(Copyright, 1956, by Bell Syndicate, Inc.)
AT THE STATE:
FOR A ROUGH, tough, hard-
boiled gangster movie, "Hell
on Frisco Bay" is pretty good.
Akin in pace and characterization
to a vintage Spillane novel, the
film moves fast and loudly. Woman
gets smacked in the kisser, squeal-
ers get bumped off,cops take graft
and, all in all, everybody has a
fine old time.
The plot is the familiar mobster
fairy tale. Alan Ladd (a tough
guy) gets out of San Quentin after
serving a term for a manslaughter
he didn't commit, natch. His blood
has been boiling for five years on
that stony island and as sooii as
he emerges, he goes gunning for
the rats that framed him.
* * *
THE MAIN RAT and local Luci-
fer of the Frisco Hell is water-
front boss Vic Amato, played
handsomely by Edward G. Robin-
son (also a tough guy, but not as
tough as you kndw who).
From then on its each rat for
himself and the action is aplenty.
Amato is a power-drunk fellow
and the gang he oversees is a col-
orful crew. Nobody trusts each
other in the organization. So with
internal strife plus Alan Ladd
hammering away at everybody,
you can imagine the fun!
And it is fun, to be sure. Rob-
inson performs a tour de force
here, and though he has done it
before, he still makes it good. The
big boss is an interesting type--
impossibly black and evil, but
with something new thrown in.
* * *
IT SEEMS Amato is violently
anti-religion and this adds a new
interest to the character. He is
married to an old country woman,
very religious whom he terms "A
walkin' rosary." The icons that
adorn his home disagree with him,
too. This may be offensive , but
after all, he is the villain, ergo he
is supposed to be offensive. Con-
sidering the part, Robinson is to
be praised for some intelligent
acting which makes Amato be-'
lieveable in spite of his immense
"Hell on Frisco Bay" may not
be "Hamlet," but who wants Alan
Ladd playing Hamlet?
(Now there's an idea!)
ana's Quartet Op. 116, no. 1
("From my Life"); and Mozart's
Quintet'in G Minor, K. 516.
The early Beethoven Quartet
shows the composer looking back
towards Haydn of the Opus 76
Quartets, and shows Haydn to be
the old master still. The perform-
ance was an exciting one, with out.
standing cello playing in the sec-
Since the Quartet by Smetana
was the curiosity of the evening,
it deserves added comment. This
work proved to be more interest-
ing than the full-blown symphonic
tone poems (like The Moldau) also
by the same composer. Here, Smet-
ana is shown grappling with the
problems posed by Quartet-writ-
ing; both in form and in the treat-
ment of the medium. Sm'tna
seems to solve all the problems
primarily by ignoring them. But
the work has both a dramatic and
emotional drive, flashy violin-
writing, and in large part, it is
Smetana at times seems to be
parodying the folk elements that
he capitalized on in his other
compositions. For example, there
was the passage in the second
movement where the screechy
violins in unison cascade over the
lumbering cello; or the beginning
of the third movement where ,the
cello inserts elaborate, mock-
heroic trills in its pompous theme.
The treasure of the evening was
the Mozart Quintet. It was a truly
elegant performance, especially in
the third and fourth movements,
and it was an apotheosis of Mo-
zart, suitable for the season. The
work throughout is one of those
sweetly sad compositions, and the
sudden jocular allegro at the end
of the fou'rth movement only made
for greater heart break.
QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS:
Diem Stalling For More Time In Viet Nam
IN THIS CORNER:
.S. Guns v. Red Ideology
By MURRY FRYMER
W ITH tanks, guns, guided missiles, and a
large, powerful army, the Western world
is helping the small, neutral nations of the
world to make a decision. It won't be diffi-
cult for them to make it, either. All they have
to do is equate Soviet words of friendship and
peace, along with new Red offers of economic
and technical aid, with the Western power
It comes out easy. One offers food and hope,
the other bullets and fear.
hRecent changes in Soviet political theory,
whether real or not, are going to make a big
impression. No longer is war and force a part
of Soviet ideology, at least as far as public
consumption is concerned..
The reformulation of policy is designed to
have an erasure effect, to wipe out all previous
Soviet aggressions, and offer a hopeful pros-
pect of peace to the world. It could be called
"Peace Offensive No. 2" as the Soviets move
from their first Geneva conference policy to
their 'second, and now to reversing again to
IN contrast, recent bulletins from Washington
offer an unfortunate comparison. Among oth-
er things, the U.S. has announced new speed-
comprehensible," and from the Arabs who claim
default on an earlier agreement of U.S. tanks
in exchange for use of the Dharhan air base.
And so to somehow work our way out of this
diplomatic muddle, the United States' is now
considering sending arms to both Middle East
belligerants, in this way hoping to keep both
the air base and the previous Eden-Eisenhower
promise of peace for the area.
This raises speculation as to whether the
Soviet Union might not switch its propaganda
office to Washington. The contradicting, and
often hypocritical policy that has been issuing
from the State Department seems custom-made
for Communist cold-war attacks.
This is not 1948. However the State De-
partment seems anachronistically to be oper-
ating according to that earlier policy. Peace
and friendship is what the frightened and
war-weary world isdanxious tohear today, not
plans for more and more force. The Soviets
are realizing this and shouting their offers of
cordiality louder than ever. Honest or not,
consistent or not, the militarily powerless na-
tions of the world will grasp at any straw.
YET, in the West, despite anything Messrs.
Eden and Eisenhower may say, policy is
drntpA IwarA frpn Tanrs and nuns for
By PETE ECKSTEIN
Daily Staff Writer
THE Geneva settlement "of July,
1954, which ended the Indo-
Chinese war, called for special
elections this year to unify war-
torn Viet, Nam.
Ngo Dinh Diem, Premier of South
Viet Nam, is struggling to unify
and keep his country out of Com-
munist hands. North Viet Nam-
ese Communist leader Ho Chi
Minh is demanding fulfillment of
the Geneva agreement on elections.
Prof. Russell Fifield of the poli-
tical science department, -an auth-
ority on Southeast Asia, answers
a series of questions on this world
Q: Why is the Diem govern-
ment opposed to all Viet Namese
A: They take the position that
they never approved of the Geneva
settlement on Indo-China and are
not legally bound to it. They also
contend that free elections could
not be held in a Communist-held
Q: If elections were held this
July, could Diem hope to win?
A: The longer the elections can
be postponed the better the
chances are that Diem could win.
I think he is stalling for time.
If elections are held in July
and if they are not free elections,
minister his part of Viet Nam. He
is also a true nationalist, and the
Communists in Indo-China can no
longer say that the leader in South
Viet Nam is a puppet of the
He wants to have a constitu-
tional government along Western
lines, but he realizes that many
problems face him before that can
be brought about. He's a strong
anti-Communist and refused to
co-operate with the Japanese in
any way. And he is a Roman
Catholic in a country where Catho-
lics are i na minority.
Q: How would you describe
A: It is not based as yet on
any constitution. Diem became
Chief of State following a plebis-
cite in the South where the people
voted for him in place of former
Emperor Bai Dai. South Viet Nam
has a long way to go before it can
have a democratic parliament.
The French didn't encourage self-
government in Indo-China the way
we did in the Philippines.
Q: Have we been giving Diem
all the support we should?
A: The strongest friend Diem
has had has been the United
States. If it hadn't been for our
support he probably wouldn't be
in power. At the same time I
don't think Diem can be considered
maintain the status quo in the
hope that time would work to his
advantage. It would seem likely
that Ho wouldn't take drastic ac-
tion unless he felt he has the
support of Russia and China. Giv-
en the experience in Korea and
the present policies of Krushchev
and Bulganin, it is doubtful that
Moscow and Peiping would sup-
port Ho in an invasion.
Q: In the now-famous article
in Life magazine, it ,is claimed by
Mr. Dulles that a show of Ameri-
can willingness to fight to save
Indo-China prevented that country
from completely falling to the
Communists. Do you think we
were willing to fight?
A: That would be hard to say.
I personally doubt it.
Q: Was the Indo-China settle-
ment in any sense a Western vic-
A: In retrospect it was a ser-
ious defeat for Western diplomacy
and, of course, a military defeat
for France. The United States
was so disturbed over the Geneva
settlement that it refused to ap-
prove the Conference Declaration
in its entirety.
Q: The Communists seemed to
have the upper hand in the war.
Why did they agree to the settle-
A: It is still puzzling as to why
the Communists agreed. It may
THE Daily Official Bulietin is an
official publication of the University
of Michigan for which the Michigan
Daily assumes no editorial responsi-
bility. Notices should be sent in
TYPEWRITTEN form to Room 3553
Administration Building before 2 p.m.
the day preceding publication. Notices
for the Sunday edition must be in
by 2 p.m. Friday.
SUNDAY, FEBRUARY 19, 1956
VOL. LXVII, NO. 6
Members of the University Club: The
club dining room will be opened Wed..
Art Print Loan Collection. Students
who have reserved prints may pick
them up Mon., Feb. 20 through Fri.,
Feb. 24 in room 510 Administration
Bldg. (Basement) Reservations will not
be held after Fri. the 24th.
The Ann Arbor Play Reading Group
will meet Mon., Feb. 20 at the Masonic
Temple at & p.m. The group will read
"Summer and Smoke" by Tennessee
Williams. There is no charge. New
Aeronautical Engineering Seminar. R.
R. Heppe, Department Head-Aerody-
namics, Lockheed Aircraft Corporation,
will speak on "Current Aircraft Design
Problems," Mon., Feb. 20, at 4:00 p.n.,
in Room 1504, East Eng. Bldg.
Mathematics Colloquium: Tues., Feb.
21, at 4:10 p.m., in Room 3011 A.H.
Prof. Annette Sinclair will speak on
"A Topological Approach to a Class of
Approximation Problems in Analytic
Function Theory." Tea and coffee will
be served in Room 3212 A.H. at 3:45
The Extension Service announces
that there are still openings in the
following classes to be held in Ann
Ceramics 7:30 p.m., Mon., Feb. 20
125 Architecture Building
The Arts of the Renaissance
7:30 p.m., Mon., Feb. 20
Auditorium B, Angell Hall
The Recorder and Its Music
7:30 p.m., Mon., Feb. 20
435 Mason Hall
Registration for these classes may be
made in Room 4501 of the Administra-
tion Building on South State Street
during University office hours, or in
Room 164 of the School of Business
Room 164 of the School of Business
Administration, 6:30 to 9:30 p.m., the
night of the class.
PROF. RUSSELL FIFIELD
"... postponing elections might
Q: Are the areas of Commun-
ist strength in the South a threat?
A: T h e Communist under-
ground is still very powerful in the
South, but it is Communist policy
to be quiet just now.
Q: What are the motives be-
hind this policy?
A: I think Ho is trying to prove
to the world that he is living up,
as he sees it, to the Geneva agree-
ment on Viet Nam. Also, he prob-
ably wants to build up his own