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£Let's See -Four Oranges Plus Three Apples, Minus
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m Opinions Are Free,
ruth Will Prevai
Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express' the individual opinions of staff writers or
the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.
AY, MAY 16, 1956
NIGHT EDITOR: JIM ELSMAN
Rao's Historical Analysis
Misleading and Discouraging
T HE NAIVETE displayed by Dr. V.K.R.V. Rao
in his remarks during the panel discussion
marking the close of the Asian-American Se-
minar last Friday is most discouraging.
Prof. Rao's c'omparison and interpretation of
American and Indian history was interesting
but rather misleading. The Indian delegate,
demonstrating his annoyance with the Ameri-
can term "neutralist" when applied to India,
charged that the United States had been a
"neutral," meaning that she did not take
sides in international conflicts, from her birth
as a nation to American entrance into World
War I. He asked that we not deny to India the
same policy which we ourselves followed in the
early years of the American nation.
What Dr. Rao failed to note was that the
circumstances under which the United States
and India obtained their respective independ-
ence from the British Empire were vastly dif-
ferent. In 1776, the world was a widely separ-
ate conglomeration of nations each able to
follow an independent path in varying degrees,
according to the dictate of geography.
IN SUCH a world the United States was able
to develop without the fear of major foreign
aggression. The Atlantic and Pacific moats
were more than ample protection. Britain was
the only power capable of attacking the United
States and we had defeated them twice within
thirty-five years. Russia was far from the
colossus she is today. France was in the throes
first of the Napoleonic Wars and then of the
Revolution. Germany was s'till a loose con-
federation of principalities. Spanish and Por-
tugese power had long since been broken.
In Asia, Japan was in seclusion and China dis-
interested in almost. anything save herself.
two of the greatest land powers i nthe modern
world, two powers with demonstrated aggressive
expansionist tendencies. Even a superficial loo
k taRussian history of the past two hundred
years would indicate to Dr. Rao how persistent
Russia, Czarist or otherwise, has been in its
drive to the south through the Khyber Pass.
India cannot afford to have the complacent
attitude of smug self-sufficiency Dr. Rao would
have us believe she has. South'Asia can too
easily be overrun by the hordes of the Chinese
and Russian armies.
R. RAO criticized, and quite rightly, several
aspects of American twentieth century for-
eign policy, showing where failure of the
United States to take early action led only
to drastic consequences. He cited American
inaction during the initial stages of German,
Italian, and Japanese aggression in the 1930's.
But what Dr. Rao asked was that we make
similar mistakes again and allow his nation
to do the same. Dr. Rao's thinking reminds
one of Neville Chamberlin's "peace in our
times" statement made after the appeasement
at Munich in 1938.
Dr. Rao spoke of Indian intervention in
Korea, bringing about a truce on that bloody
batttlefield. It would be interesting to know
what he thinks would have been the effect on
India had the United States not gone into
Korea to fight for the principle of collective
security. Dr. Rao appears to have little faith
in this feature of modern power politics.
Having taken this stand, one also wonders
if China and/or Russia begin a conquest of
India, will India look to the United States for
help or will she want to go it alone? Dr. Rao
may have read somewhere a saying by one
of American Revolutionary days more illus-
trious figures-"An ounce of prevention is
worth a pound of cure."
.a is - 5: +Va
P T S t zip SVr ) .r'
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0'95% 'r'4'~ ( *Ip4Cr~hbi ~9i5~C~.
Soekarno In Washington
By DREW PEARSON
Letters to the Editor must be signed
and limited to 300 words. The Daily
reserves the right to edit or with-
hold any letter.
Mis-reporting .. .
To the Editor:
THE FEATURED article on the
U.S.-Asian Panel (May 11) is
an excellent example of mis-re-
porting. What happened during
the last hour of a three-day series
of panels is accurately reported.
But to take the words of one mem-
ber of the panel who resorted to
oratory to prolong the last session
so that he 'could state the case of
India again (he had stated the
same positions directly and indir-
ectly throughout the discussion)
should have been apparent to the
reporter who had sat through all
the sessions. Granted the incident
was dramatic and the substance of
what was said by the Asians, news-
But to lift it out of context and
give the general public the im-
pression that the panel was a fail-
ure, that it failed to deal forth-
rightly and effectively with "mis-
understandings" between the East
and Wset was, to put it mildly,
It was the general concensus of'
the panel members and observers
that basic issues had been faced
and discussed with candor and
light: Had the Michigan Daily
selected typical and significant
comments this would have been
The purpose of the US Commis-
sion on UNESCO was achieved. It
remained for the press, and a uni-
versity newspaper at that, to foster
It is easy to explain away this
type of reporting (time, space,
dramatic incident, etc.) but when
are we going to grow up and as-
sume responsibility for reporting
the facts in their proper context?
True, this article will not change
the attitudes of those who were
there, nor influence many in this
sophisticated community, but it is
this type of reporting on a nation-
al and international scale which
create the atmosphere of misun-
derstanding and distrust.
M. D. McLean
U.S. Member of the Panel
Rock 'n Roll . .
To the Editor:
RECENT r'ock and roll shows in
Boston and in Brooklyn's re-
nounced Paramount Theater have
produced mass subway and street
Already parts of Alabama and
the entire city of Boston have pre-
cautionary steps to end this mass
hysteria by banning rock and roll
from the air. I think they should
be highly commended for their
tireless effort in the direction of
a more well-adjusted adolescense.
A theory to be contended with
is, that this musical perversion
,which leads not only to a false and
limited taste in music, but also has
definite after-effects of vandalism
and terror is in reality a subversive
plot to undermine the youth of
If we, the college people can't
see into the future beyond our
very smug and sheltered noses, as
to a proper solution I feel the
country is about to experience a
I think it is the moral obligation
of each and every University of
Michigan student to aid in the
stamping out of this treacherous
Speak out now, voice your opin-
ions through your local news-
The time has come for some
form of concrete action. Join the
Anti-Rock and Roll party which
is already 1,500 strong on this
very campus. For when the No-
vember elections comes around it
will be an Anti-Rock and Roller
who will be seated in the White
-Norman A. Levy, '57
. India, today
cording to Dr.
in a stage of history somewhat
the United States in 1776 ac-
Rao, does not enjoy nearly the
She has common borders with
Women's Residences and Enrollment
WOMEN'S RESIDENCE halls have been the
scene of disillusionment and unhappiness
these past weeks. With the annual task of
room-drawing have come too many groans, too
many bitter complaints.
The dissatisfaction is not entirely unfounded.
Coeds are again faced with the problem of
crowded quarters, of living three and four in
a room that has closet, drawer, study and sleep-
ing space to comfortably accommodate two.
Women affected by this squeeze can be di-
vided into two groups: those already living in
dormitories and those who will be coming in,
COEDS in the first category feel it unfair that
they be subjected to crowded conditions
which limit even further the already over-bur-
dened dormitory. facilities such as telephone
and bathroom. They complain over the nar-
row choice of rooms left for their selection and
wonder what benefits they are getting from the
increase in dorm fees.
Women, especially freshmen, entering dorms
are always faced with adjustment problems.
Crowded conditions don't facilitatergetting
along with new roommates, don't aid the for-
mation of good study habits.
Come September, many a freshman will look
about her in dismay as she contemplates life
in the converted double, triple, or triple suite
and the universal comment will be. "But I ap-
plied for a double!" Her first thoughts, along
those of everyone whom the housing problem
affects, will be to find someone in the Univer-
sity's hierarchy of officials upon whom to
blame her uncomfortable situation.
THE TROUBLE is, there's no one who can
really be blamed-the problem is far too.
complex. Its root is simple enough. The tidal
Wave of students entering the University in the
last few years has far surpassed the Univer-
The logical solution, say many, is to limit
enrollment, put rooms back to the way they
were originally planned and everyone will be
happy. There is ,however a serious drawback
to that plan. Such measures would involve;
cutting down the number of out of state ap-
plicants only, since 'the University is largely
For many years officials have been able to
boast that the University has educated more
out-of-state students than any other institu-
tion of its kind in the country. They are proud
and rightly so that their student body has such
a cosmopolitan atmosphere. Yet they are not
oblivious to the housing problem. Besides
pressure from the Dean of Women's Offices,
they are forced to listen to the clamors of
state legislators, who want to considerable
limit out-of-state applicants.
IN THE FACE of this, they are trying to be as
-fair as possible in the selection of future
students. Extensive testing programs for in-
state applicants are being carried out; records
of all outt-of-state applicants are very care-
fully weighed and considered.
The position of the officials is obviously not
a happy one. Their attempt to ride the middle
of the road, to maintain the equality of the
institution is hindered by purely physical lim-
its, and their decisions can not please every-
It is 'said that every problem has two sides;
this one is no different. Perhaps coeds who
are now disgruntled would feel better if they
looked at their plight in a different light, if
they considered it as part of a transition period
and an honest effort on the part of those in
charge to uphold the standards of the Uni-
T HE WELCOME accorded for-
eign dignitaries as they drive
down elm-shaded Constitution
Avenue was never more important
than today when President Eisen-
hower receives the President of
the youngest but third largest
republic in the world-Soekarno
President Soekarno has been a
bit nervous about this trip; just
as his country has been nervous
about the precarious political path
it has trod in these days when
every Eastern nation is besieged
and beleaguered by communism.
Before leaving for Washington,
Soekarno went to his birthplace in
East Java to ask his mother's
blessing on the pilgrimage. And
he visited his father's grave in the
Jakarta Moslem Cemetery to pray
for success in Washington and
strengthened friendship with the
* * *
IT WAS the U.S.A., as he and
other Indonesians well remember,
which played such a large part in
winning independence for the
young republic. The battle cries
that inspired the Indonesian revo-
lution against the long colonial
rule of the Dutch were similar to
those of 1776. Indonesian patriots
even featured pictures of George
Washington and Thomas Jefferson
on banners and postage stamps.
The final coup de grace in win-
ning Indonesian independence oc-
curre dwhen Matty Fox, New York
motion picture executive and
friend of Indonesia, together with
Joseph K. Borkin of Washington
persuaded various Senators to cut
off Marshall Plan funds to the
Dutch if those funds were used in
the war against Indonesia. Since
then, Borkin has sometimes been
called by Indonesians "The Ameri-
can Father of Indonesian Indepen-
dence." He shares paternity with
Sen. Owen Brewster of Maine, now
retired, who circulated the Senate
petition to cut off Dutch funds.
That's part of the story behind
President "Eisenhower's gesture in
sending his personal plane all the
way to Hawaii this week to bring
the President of one of the key
republics of the Far East to Wash-
INDONESIA is a major oil source,
the second producer or tin in the
world and first in the production
of rubber, quinine and black pep-
per. Indonesia has a multi-party
political system and a constitution
guaranteeing freedom of speech,
press, 'religion and equal rights for
men and women of all races.
The major parties are Moslem,
Nationalist, Socialist, Catholic and
Soekarno (he doesn't use a for-
mal first name) is an anti-com-
munist independent. A former en-
gineer, 54 years old, he was jailed
several times by the Dutch for
"revolutionary" activity. Under
'the Dutch, his country had a
shocking death and, illiteracy rate,
but Soekarno has reduced both.,
A political progressive, Soekarno
clings to the five philosophical
("Pantjasila") principles of Indo-
nesia: belief in God, humanitar-
ianism, nationalism, democracy
and social justice.'
Soekarno sums it up: "The be-
lief in God and free choice of re-
ligion affirms the democratic prin-
ciple of freedom of worship. De-
mocracy gains strength and mean-,
ii g when it is coupled with social
justice in economic matters. These
two, in turn, are incomplete with-
out a humanitarian regard for theI
rights and interests of one's fellow
* *' *
SENATOR Lyndon Johnson has
come back to Washington with new
stature, even if his office staff
did have to enlist elevator opera-
tors and hired help from the Capi-
told Building to get a welcoming
crowd at the airport.
He is also full of fight, and when
Lyndon fights for the U.S.A. rather
than just the State of Texas he is
superb. It's when he forgets that
Texas joined the United States
and figures that the United States
joined Texas that he gets into
Lyndon's first test over which
comes first, the United States or
Texas, faces him immediately, with
the appointment of a Senator to
fill the vacancy of the late Senator
Barkley 6n the potent Finance
Committee. This is the committee
which passes on tax laws and
which could change the Texas-
prized 27/2 per cent oil depletion
allowance which puts the oil-gas
men ahead of the rest of the
nation when it comes to taxes.
* * *
THE SENATOR with top senior-
ity to take Barkley's place among
those who want the post, is Paul
Douglas of Illinois, former eco-
nomics professor of the University
of Chicago and the most skilled
economist-finance expert in the
However, Douglas is dead op-
posed to the tax favors given the
oil-gas industry. And hitherto,
Johnson has skillfully kept such
opponents off the tax-writing Fi-
nance Committee.. At the moment
he has been discreetly sounding
out other Senators to see if he can
find someone with more seniority
than Douglas who would like the
Seniority is a time-honored cus-
tom in the Senate. It was why
race-baiting Sen. Eastland of Mis-
sissippi became chairman of the
Judiciary Committee when all
Democrats knew it would lose them
So Senate colleagues are watch-
ing to see whether seniority or
Texas oil men will rank first when
it comes to filling the vacancy of
the Finance Committee.
(Copyright 1956, by Bell Syndicate, Inc.).
THE Daily Official Bulletin Is an
official publication of the University
of Michigan for which the Michigan
Daily assumes no editorial responsi-
bility. Notices should be sent in
TYPEWRITTEN from to Room 3553
Administration Building before 2 p.m.
the day preceding publication. Notices
for the Sunday edition must be in by
2 p.m. Friday.
WEDNESDAY, MAY 16, 1956
VOL. LXVII, NO. 72
Choral Union ushers are hereby re-
minded that the walter Gieseking Con-
cert which was postponed from March
19. will be given oti wed., May 16. You
are expected to be present.
Selective Service Examination: Stu-
dents taking the Selective Service Col-
lege Qualification Test on May 17 are
requested to report to Room 140, Busi-
ness Administration, Thurs., morning
Late Permission: All women students
who attended the play "Black Chiffon'
had late permission until 11:10 p.m.
League House Judiciary: No sheeting
of the League House Judiciary Wed.
Physical Therapy Curriculum: Meet.
ing of all sophomores planning to con.
centrate in Physical Therapy or inter.
ested in knowing more about the cur.
riculum on Thurs., May 17 at 7:15 p.m.
Come to Room 1142, University Hospital.
If interested but unable to attend
please call NO 3-1531, Ext. 242.
American Chemical Society Lecture,
Wed., May 16, 8:00 p.m. Room 1300
Chemistry Building. Dr. Henry Taub
of the University of Chicago will speak
on "Oxygen Isotopes in the Study of
Mechanisms of Redox Reactions."
Lecture, auspices of the''Dept. o
Anthropology. "Human Evolution and
the Piltdown Hoax." Dr. Kenneth Oak.
ley, British Museum. 4:15 p.m., Thurs
May 17, Aud. C, Angell Hall.
"Employment Opportunitiesin F-
nance," symposium Thurs., May 17, at
3:00 p.m. in Room 140 Bus. Ad. Bldg.
Prof. M. H. Waterman and Prof. G. W.
Woodworth of the Finance Department,
and R. B. Vokac of the Placement office
will discuss employment opportunities
in Commercial Banking, Investment
Banking, Investment Counseling, and
Corporation Finance. A question and
answer period follows.
Research Seminar of the Mental
Health Research Institute. Dr. Dorwin
Cartwright, professor of psychology,
will discuss his previously presented
paper on "A Formalization of the Con.
cept of Balance," Thurs., May 17, 1:30-
3:30 p.m., Conference Room, Children's
Walter Gieseking will give his post-
poned concert in the Choral Union Ser-
les in Hill Auditorium, Wed., May 1,
at 8:30 p.m. Concert-goers are respect-
fully requested to use for admission the
tickets which they purchased for the
original date in March.
For .further information call, or ad-
dress: University Musical Society, Bur-
ton Memorial Tower.
Student Recital: Joyce Elaine Wright,
saxophonist, recital in lieu of a thesis
for the'Master of Music degree, at 8:30
p m. Thurs., May 17, Rackham Assembly
Hall. A pupil of Laurence Teal, Miss
Wright will perform works by Handel,
Heiden, Ravel. Moussorgsky, Ibert, Glas-
ounov, and Pierne. Open to the general
Graduate Faculty Meeting Wed., May
16, at 4:15 p.m. in the Rackham Amphi-
theatre. Ballots for nomination of
panel for the Executive Board of the
Graduate Schoolhave been sent to
members of the Graduate Faculty and
should be brought to the meeting.
Freshmen and Sophomores, College of
LS&A. Those students who will have
fewer than 55 hours at the end of this
semester and who have not yet had their
elections approved for the Fall Semester
should make an appointment at the
Faculty Counselors Office for Freshmen
and Sophomores, 1210 Angell Hall. If
you do not have your fall elections
approved before the final examination
period, it will be necessary for youto
do this the -half day before you are
scheduled to register next fall. Be-
cause registration will being on Mon-
day, September 17, the "half day be-
fore" Monday morning will be Saturday
afternoon, September 15.
Department Colloquium, 7:30 p.m.,
Thurs., May 17, Room 1300 Chemistry
Building. K. Wyckoff will speak Ont
"Studies on the Yohimbyl Alcohol.
Physical. Analytical- Inorganic Chem-
istry Seminar, Thurs., May 17, 8:15 p.m.,
Room 1300 Chemistry Building. R. E.
Machol will speak on "Order-Disorder
Interdepartmental Seminar on Applied-
Meteorology, Thurs., May 17, 4 p.m.,
Room 4041 Natural Science Bldg. Prof,
Edw'ard R. Baylor will speak on "The
Response of Microcrustacea to Radia-
Doctoral Examination for Rico Nicho-
las Zenti, Education; thesis: "A Con-
parison of the Results Obtained by the
Mitchell and Kuder Interest Measures.
which Administered to Male Freshmen
at the University of Michigan," Wed.,
May 16, Room 3K, Michigan Union, at
10:00 a.m. Chairman, P. A. Hunsicker.
Doctoral Examination for Clayton
Dale Dickinson,- Metallurgical Engineer-
ing; thessi: "A Study of the Fundamen-
tals of the Effect of Deoxidation on the
Creep Characteristics of Plain' Carbon
Steel," Thurs., May 17, 3201 East Engi-
neering Building, at 2:30 p.m. Chair-
man, J. W. Freeman.
'ALEXANDER THE GREAT':
Rossen Begins Notably, Ends Up with Old Cliches
INTERPRETING THE NEWS:
uissian Peace Offensive
By J. M. ROBERTS
Associated Press News Analyst
NTEVER BEFORE has Russia put such drive
into her efforts to make the rest of the
For a year now she has been doing one thing
after another to meet the Western demand that
she show her intent by deeds.
Only once, by grasping the opportunity to
inject her influence into the Middle.East, has
she let the old expansionist policy take the
spotlight from her peace offensive, though she
has held back from any definitive settlements.
ONE THING the West had demanded was a
peace treaty for Austria. After blocking
it at every turn for years, she came across.
To back her argument against big-power
maintenance of military bases beyond their
relinquished some of her powers in Manchuria,
although the effect of this was dulled by the
fact that the beneficiary was Red China, which
Russia continues to arm.
She made peace was Yugoslavia.
TfO MATCH leveling off of military prepared-
ness in the United. States and elsewhere,
she cut her military manpower last year, and
now, to offset the failure of recent disarma-
ment talks in London, she has announced a
further and much larger cut. She and the
Communist bloc nevertheless retain something
like a 2-1 edge in this department.
She has reached a fishing agreement with
Japan designed to go into effect along with
a peace treaty which she obviously intends, at
long last, to negotiate.
No reliance can be placed on Russian deeds
or.i wnrr'1'AQ hm4TPI71~r ac. 1no' a.- -cha is, +hcafr'ankly',
By ERNEST THEODOSSIN
Daily Staff Writer
Robert Rossen, the man who
wrote, produced and directed the
current "Alexander the Great,"
seems an immediately fine choice
for dramatizing the life of the
great historical military figure.
With so many Hollywood people
almost totally devoted to the ac-
quisition of money, Mr. Rossen is
one of the few American cinema
artists with a semblance of artistic
integrity. He has been associated
with many of Hollywood's best
products of the past decade, hav-
ing scripted "A Place in the Sun"
and having previously performed
his present triple function for "All
the King's Men."
In producing "Alexander the
Great," Mr. Rossen has not tried
to rewrite history. He has spent
three years in research, hired a
staff of competent technical ex-
perts, and has kep himself within
recent "The Conqueror," an abor-
tive monstrosity purporting to ex-
plain the exploits of Ghenis Khan
by the latter's presumed love for
a hip-swiveling Tartar princess.
* * *
DESPITE all his historical pre-
cautions, however, Mr. Rossen has
produced a flat dramatic piece. He
has gotten together a fine cast of
Burton, Claire Bloom, Frederic
March and Danielle Darrieux --
people who have proven them-
selves to be very skilled thespians.
But he has done almost nothing
In writing his story, Mr. Rossen
started out with the idea of ex-
plaining the motivations of his
characters with the tools of mod-
ern psychology, a process subject
to criticism, but, within limits,
capable of achieving merit.
About half way through his 142-
minute film, however, he has dis-
battles, bacchanalia and palace
Mr. Rossen seems not to care
that what he is presenting has
already been overworked to death.
For example, his large-scale bat-
tles, of which he has had the poor
dramatic taste to include many,
consist of armies drawing up in
opposing lines, charging, and then
having a camera pan in for a few
falling horses, swort thrusts and a
great deal of banging of helmets,
shields, and armor.
In his banquet scenes, Mr. Ros-
sen never gets away from the idea
that ancient peoples with wealth
and social position congregated in
large groups only for the purpose
of an orgy. He is undoubtedly
subtle in not emphasizing the
standard grape clusters held over
decadent senator's reclining and
open-mouthed figures; but he is
not above employing dancing girls
and those inevitable jewel-encrust-
tings and the piles of extras. Mr.
DeMille's neice, choreographer Ag-
nes DeMille, was once quoted as
saying that her uncle couldn't rec-
ognize people in the street unless
they were standing in a crowd.
Few of us operate in this manner,
and the fact that Mr. Rossen has
chosen to do so is very lament-
From Mr. DeMille one 4hpects
hokum; from Mr. Rossen, one does
not, and his present effort seems,
hence, like so much more of a
tragedy. Also, Mr. Rossen has been
extremely niggardly with his mon-
ey, doing everything in as eco-
nomical manner as possible.
He sets up Darius in the desert
so he won't have to reproduce Per-
sian palaces; he keeps his camera
on groups of people who extend
backwards, but not to the side;
and everything that he films in
Athens takes place beside a few
marble pillars. His special effects,