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May 08, 1956 - Image 4

Resource type:
Michigan Daily, 1956-05-08

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Al$$rliigan IJ|
Sixty-Sixth Year

"Dick, If I Could Borrow Checkers -Hello? Hello?-"


.When Opinions Are Free,'
Truth Will Prevenai

Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers 'or
the editors. This must b e noted in all reprints.

TUESDAY, MAY 8, 1956


Cobo Bright Light
On Republican Horizon

THE LILPING Michigan Republicans may
finally have found an answer to the G.
Mennen Williams problem.
Mayor Albert E. Cobo's decision to seek the
nomination for governor could easily be the
first step towards the routing:,of the Soapy
regime that has plagued the state GOP these
last six years. The man with the green bow
tie will have more than a nominal fight on his
hands once the campaign gets rolling.
Until Saturday's announcement, things look-
ed bad for both the Old Guard and the Young
Turks of the Republican party. Both 1952
and 1954 were disastrous years. In 1952, even
with the aid of candidate Eisenhower, the party
took a severe beating, unusually painful be-
cause of the UAW-CIO's success in replacing
Senatorial incumbent Homer Ferguson with
ex-pipe fitter Patrick McNamara.
TRADE PAPERS rejoiced again in1954, when
the Democrats swept through the House
and Senate, reducing the number of Republi-
can holders of elective offices to an almost in-
significant, number. Party wrath descended
upon Michigan leader John Feikens, but it was
generally agreed that the absence of the magic
Eisenhower name and the presence of 300,000
unemployed workers spelled out sure defeat.
The final blow came a year ago, when the
traditionally Republican State Board of Agri-
culture and the University Board of Regents
each received two Democratic members.
All this cast, a very dark cloud on the hori-
zon, one which showed no sign of being lifted
until Cobo's announcement.

THE MAYOR has an excellent record as non-
partisan head of Detroit's government. But
he has an even more impressive power Over the
electorate; one thinks twice before opposing
Al Cobo.
After a nasty difference of opinion concern-
ing an attempted strike on the part of the city-
owned transportation system workers, the
UAW-CIO vowed to put him out of office in
the next city election. Despite liberal use of
its enormous "war fund" the union failed
Mayor Cobo's home ground is an especially
important one when considering state elections.
Wayne county wields 37% of the Michigan vote;
2/3 of the Democrats' strength lies there. But
given a choice between an unquestionably suc-
cessful mayor and a controversial 3-term gov-
ernor,,even the most loyal punch press opera-
tor is likely to choose the former.
W ILLIAMS is firmly entrenched in the minds
of the Michigan voters, there is no doubt
of that. His flashing smile has beamed over
more square dances and charmed more "Michi-
gan Mile" (eight furlongs and a wreath of
roses) winners than any of his predecessors.
But it is time that the millionaire Phi Beta
Kappa moves up or out. He has "plain-
folksed" it successfully up and down the state
for six years, but Mayor Albert Cobo's Wayne
County record and supporters seem very likely
to bring a cloudburst to the long, long Demo-
cratic picnic.

~~"9s6~~ r1rW%*vGI~A aor~

~ 4

Sunday Concerts
Close Superb Series
TWO CONCERTS of heavily romantic music brought the 1956 May
Festival to an end Sunday. All the works save the last were written
in the twentieth century by composers apparently unwilling to accept
its presence.
The last work, is one of the great products of the, romantic move-
ment. The last movement is a particularly fine example of the enlarge-
ment of a classical form. Astrict chaconne, the eight-bar theme is
displayed 31 times without change of rhythm or key. Yet the inter-
weaving of other material is so subtle and so brilliantly effected that one
has to concentrate to appreciate the variation process that underlies
the whole movement.
Brahm's Fourth is an old stand-by for the Philadelphia Orchestra
and Eugene Ormandy.
After a movement of uncertainty at the very opening the orchestra
settled down to an extraordinary performance. The second movement



More About Chotiner issue

Sweezy and Socialism

WEDNESDAY NIGHT, this campus will be
graced by the most unorthodox thinker to
appear here this year.
Paul M. Sweezy has accepted the invitation
of the Economics Club to debate with Profes-
sor Kenneth E. Boulding on "American Capital-
ism Today."
. Sweezy is a socialist-a Marxian as opposed
to a Fabian according to a member of the eco-
nomics department. This fact differentiates
him from campus speakers so far this year-he
is an intellectual heretic.
But, besides being unorthodox, Sweezy is
also controversial. On January 3, 1954, he was
brought before a New Hampshire investigating
committee under authority of that state's Sub-
versive Activities Control Act.
The Act defines a subversive as one who ad-
vocates the violent overthrow of the United
States government by force or violence.
A former Harvard professor, Sweezy testi-
fied he wasn't a communist, never had been,
didn't know any, never went to meetings, and
that he had never advocated the violent over-
throw of our constitutional government.
He refused to answer questions concerning
his ideas and associations, saying that this
information wasn't "pertinent to the New
Hampshire law."
Again on June 3, 1954, he was called before
the New Hampshire attorney general. This
time Sweezy told the attorney general that he
was "outside the scope of his inquiry" when

asked about participation in the Progressive
Party and a lecture on "Socialism" he delivered
at the University of New Hampshire.
Sweezy was convicted on a contempt charge.
Public opinion was generally on his side during
the trial. The Nation felt, "Investigations sanc-
tioned to defend constitutional government are
being utilized to deny political freedom to those
who may hold unpopular views, or any opinions
at all. Freedom of speech, press, and associa-
tion become devoid of meaning when their ex-
ercise may provoke official investigation and
the threat of prosecution for perjury or con-
Essentially Sweezy's thought advocates that
a socialist labor party in this country must use
its political power to acquire an ever increasing
share of economic power. "What I am advo-
cating," says Sweezy, "is that those of us who
are convinced that in the long run socialism
is the only possible answer politically, and by
far the best conceivable answer economically,
should begin right now to explain why, to every-
one we work with for the realization of more
limited aims."
Wednesday night in the Rackham Amphi-
theatre, Paul Sweezy will give us "whys" forI
his opinion and we may ask him "whys" about
Even if no "therefores" are reached, the minds
of the University will at least have had a choice
of the thought menu.

THE ISSUE in the case of Mur-
ray Chotiner, campaign mana-
ger and personal attorney for
Vice President Nixon, is quite
simple. It can be best understood
by making some comparisons.
In 1933, shortly after Franklin
Roosevelt took office, several im-
portant Democrats who had help-
ed elect him came to Washington
and set up law offices. They start-
ed to practice law legitimately, but
naturally their position of influ-
ence helped their law practice.
President Roosevelt then an-
nounced that if they were to prac-
tice law they would have to re-
sign from the Democratic Nation-
al Committee. They had every
right to practice law, he said, but
not to use the Democratic Nation-
al Committee as a means of get-
ting business.
* *
I WAS IN FDR'S press confer-
ence when he made this statement.
I recall that some Democratic stal-
warts who had helped elect him
didn't like this at all. 0. Max

Gardner, Democratic committee-
man from North Carolina, said the
President was quite right and re-
signed immediately. But Arthur
Mullen of Nebratka called at the
White House and squawked before
he would resign. Others who re-
signed were Robert Jackson of
New Hampshire and Bruce Kramer
of Montana, all on the Democratic
National Committee'
Harry Truman continued the
Roosevelt rule. However, he got
smeared when an attorney named
Col. James Hunt, using an auto-
graphed photo given him by Tru-
man, started using Truman's
name. Truman actually had noth-
ing to do with Hunt.
This was the first big five-per-
center case, and the same Senate
committee which treated Chotiner
so gently was ruthless in probing
five-percenter Hunt. The same
committee also rode roughshod
over Gen. Harry Vaughan for mak-
ing phone calls from the White
House on behalf ofaJohn Maragon
and friends, just as did Charley
Willis and Max Rabb for Murray

Chotiner. The same Senate Com-
mittee did not press Chotiner for
the names of the clients for whom
the phone calls were made.
* * *
THIS COLUMN was the first to
expose Vaughan's and Maragon's
influence operations; and I per-
sonally testified before the Senate
Committee. This was the root
reason why I was called some
choice names by the White House.
Murray Chotiner is just as much
a part of the Republican Com-
mittee as Roosevelt's friends whom
he fired were a part of the Demo-
cratic Committee-perhaps more
I happen to have the record of
Chotiner's expenses paid him by
the Republican committee from
June 1, 1954, to Jan. 23, 1956. It
shows. he received $5,085 in ex-
penses, largely for telephone calls.
His heaviest expenses occurred
during the 1954 Congressional
campaign, which the Eisenhower
administration lost both in the
House and Senate.
(Copyright, 1956, by Bell Syndicate, Inc.)

especially was presented in one of
the finest readings of orchestral
music I have ever heard.
* * *
THE OPENING number on the
evening concert was by someone
named Yardumian, described in
the program as one of Philadel-
phia's most promising composers.
Unless he improves considerably
he has little hope outside Phila-
delphia. I do not feel I am alone
in this judgment for the work,
"Cantus animae et cordis," was
given a cordial but scarcely ani-
mated reception.
After the Yardumian, a piano
appeared from the basement on a
conveniently located elevator, al-
leviating the curiosity of those
who may have wondered about how
they get a piano onto the stage
through those two little doors.
The result was more than worth
the commotion. .Byron Janis sat
down at the piano and played
Rachmaninoff's Third Piano Con-
certo. In response to prolonged
applause Mr. Janis performed the
amusing little "Black Key," playing
the famous double sixth run at
the end in a way that showed he
had not been seriously tried by
his previous exertions.
* * *
THE ENTIRE afternoon was de-
voted to a complete performance,
with reduced orchestra, of Schon-
berg's Gurre-Lieder. This enor-
mous cantata is one of those things
that everybody talks about, but
nobody does, at least not very
Thor Johnson, who conducted
the afternoon concert, did a fine
job with a complex and prolix
work. Ichonberg wrote the Gurre
Lieder before he deserted the ro-
mantic movement for his "twelve-
tone" system for which he is most
The opening, a somewhat pas-
toral motive, depicting the Danish
countyside about the ill-fated
castle, Gurre, appears periodically
throughout; subtly becoming more
and more ominous as the doom of
Tove become imminent. The music
as the horrified peasant, Bauer,
watches Tove's coffin pass is quite
effective. The final Chorus "See
the Sun Rise" is perhaps too long,
but quite lovely. It bring the
work to the customary sonorous
--J.P. Benkard
Mario All
"MARIO! Mexico! Man-Woman
Madness!" screms the ad-
vertisements for Mario Lanza's
comeback picture, "Serenade," a
two-hour collection of every musi-
cal cliche Hollywood has invented.
The Plot: healthy, Italian Da-
mon Vincenti (Lanza), a young
man with a voice "that God gave
me," meets up with Kendall Hale
(Joan Fontaine), a high-society
strumpet who has no talents out-
side of the bedroom, but who picks
up young artists, keeps them for
a few months, and then tosses
them aside on the eve of their
public debut. Cautious at first,
Damon eventually flies into Ken-
dall's arms while the two cham-
pagne glasses she has just filled
* * *
DAMON IS singing in his New
York debut when Kendall walks
out on him and he dashes off stage
in the middle of the Dio Ti Gio-
codi duet from "Otello" and flees
to Mexico.
There, Damon collapses, loses
his voice and, in general, goes to
pieces until shapely, devoted Jua-
na Montes (Sarita Montiel) nurses
him back to health, gives him con-
fidence to sing and helps him

stage a return to the theater. Jua-
na gets jealous of Kendall and
runs across a busy street and gets
run over by a motor vehicle, re-
covering in the middle of Ramon's
final concert.
'* *1 *
MARIO, looking like a svelte
Egyptian pyramid, overdoes every-
thing terribly. When he acts, his
body convulses, his hands tremble,
his lips jar, his nostrils quake and
his eyes dilate. When he sings,
he not only acts with all the afore-
mentioned embellishments, but
also demonstrates enough power
to make Ethel Merman sound like
a 12-year-old choir boy. Miss Fon-
taine has little to do except wear
a few dozen chic gowns designed


THE Daily Official Bulletin is an
official publication of the University
of Michigan for which the Michigan
Daily assumes no editorial responsi-
bility. Notices should be sent In
TYPEWRITTEN from to Room 3553
Administration Building before 2 p.m.
the day preceding publication. Notices
for the Sunday edition must be in by
2 p.m. Friday.
General Notices
Regent's Meeting. Because of the
anticipated volume of business which
must be transacted at the Regents'
meeting of May 24 and 25, it is earnestly
requested that all those having com-
munications ;or presentation at this
meeting submit them to the President
not later than May'15 instead of May
The preparation of the individual
copies of the agenda which must be
sent to the Regents at least a week in
advance of each meeting is requiring
more time than in the past, because of
thevnumber of communications in-
.There seems to be some confusion
as to when classes end for the second
semester of the present University year.
According to the official Academic Cal-
endar for 1955-56 classes end on the
evening of Tuesday, May 29.: Examin-
tions begin Friday morning, June 1,
and end Thursday afternoon, June 14.
Herbert G. Watkins, Secretary
Michigan Linguistic Society will meet
May 12, 'Saturday, :30 p.m., Rackham
Amphitheater. Professor Warner G.
Rice, Chairman of the Department of
English Language and Literature will
preside at the following program meet-
ing. "Linguistics and Reading," by
Charles C. Fries; "Some Problems in
Editing The Middle English Diction-
ary,'" Hans Kurath; "I Would Have
Did It But I Was Too Scairt," O. L.
Abbott. Reservations for the luncheon
at 12:15 in Room 101-102 Michigan
Union may, be made by contacting
Professor Hide Shohara, 2019 Angell
Hall, Extension 431 before Thursday
School of Music Honors Convocation
4:15 Wednesday afternoon, May 9, Audi-
torium A Angell Hall. Guest speaker:
Henri Temianka, violinist, Paganin
Quartet, "The Present and Future of
Academic Notices
Freshmen and Sophomores, College of
LS&A. Those students who will have
fewer than 55 hours at the end of this
semester and who have not yet had ther
elctions approved for the Fall Semester
should make an appointment at the
Faculty Counselors Office for Freshmen
and Sophomores, 1210 Angell Hal. f
you do not have your fall elections
apprved before the final examination
period, it will be necessary for you to
do this the half day before you are
scheduled to register next fall. Be-
cause registration will being on Mon-
day, September 17, the "half, day be-
fore" Monday morning will be Saturday
afternoon, September 15.
Seminar in the Resolution of Conflict
(Economics 353, Problems in the Inte-
gration of the Social Sciences) will meet
Tues., May 8, in the Conference Room
of the Children's Psychiatric Hospital.
Dr. Theodore Larson of the Architecture
Department will speak on "Integrat'on'
in Design as a Fector in Conflict Reso-
Mathematics Club. Tues., May 8, at x
p.m., West Conference Room, Rackham
Building. Dr. M. Auslander will speal
on "Group Extensions."
Doctoral Examination for Emma
Hirsch Mellencamp, Fine Arts; thesis:
"Renaissance Classical Costume (1450-
1515)," Tues., May 8, 204 Tappan Hall,
at 4:15 p.m. Acting Chairman, Marvin
Doctoral Examination for Robert Os-
car Schuze, Sociology; thesis: 'Eco-
nomic Dominance and Public Leade'r-
ship: A Study of the Structure and
Process of Power in an Urban Com-
munity," Tues., May 8, 5607 Haven Hall,
at 9:00 a.m. Chairman, Morris Janowitz.
Doctoral Examination for Elizabeth
May McClintock, Botany; thesis: "A
Monograph of the Genus Hydrangea,"
Tues., May 8, 1139 Natural Science Bldg.,
at 9:00 a.m. Chairman, Rogers Mc-
Botanical Seminar. Dr. S. H. Min-
shall, Science Service Laboratory, Lon.

don, Ontario, will speak on "Some Phy-
siological Effects of CMU on Plants."
4:15 p.m., 1139 Natural Science. Wed.,
May 9.
Sociology Colloquium: Robert 0
Schulze, of Brown University, will speak
on "Who are the Community Power
Elite?" on Tues., May 8, at 7:30 p.m., on
the third floor in Rooms D andi E at
the Michigan League. Open lecture.
T U'.- a..






The Upward Trend of Crime


NATO's Economic Efforts

T HE COMMITTEE appointed by the North
Atlantic Treaty Organization to make plans
for a coordinated economic effort in the cold
war is going to run into many difficulties.
If the efforts of the individual nations, par-
ticularly the United States, are allowed to lag
pending international action, which promises
to be slow, Russia will be handed an important
Indeed, there is a serious question whether
NATO can ever agree on methods of helping
noncommitted and underdeveloped countries
outside its own ranks. There is a question
whether, if it should agree, it would be able to
do the job properly. The character of the or-
ganization itself is against it.
Editorial Staff
DAVE BAAD, Managing Editor
Editorial Director City Editor
DEBRA DURCHSLAG...............Magazine Editor
DAVID KAPLAN ....................... Feature Editor
JANE HOWARD ...................... Associate Editor
LOUISE TYOR ....................... Associate Editor
PHIL DOUGLIS ........................ Sports Editor
ALAN EISENBERG ............ Associate Sports Editor
JACK HORWITZ .............. Associate Sports Editor
MARY HELLTHALER.............. .. Women's Editor
ELAINE EDMONDS..........Associate Women's Editor
JOHN HIRTZEL................. Chief Photographer
Business Staff
DICK ALSTROM...................Business Manager
BOB ILGENFRITZ ...... Associate Business Manager
KEN ROGAT ................... Advertising Manager

NATO IS DESIGNED to provide a background
of military strength against which Western
diplomats can work for peaceful settlements.
The nations which need help-primarily East-
ern nations-would consider cooperation with
such an organization a violation of the neu-
trality they are trying to maintain. They would
be afraid of Russia's reaction.
As a means of further unifying the NATO
countries, however, the new movement is im-
portant even though it may not produce much
more than consultation. Formation of a "one
for all and all for one" economic organization
paralleling the military organization would be
very difficult, especially in view of Britain's
obligations to the Commonwealth nations.
It i's doubtful that congressional approval
could be obtained in the United States.
in which the nations could discuss mutual
interests and mutual difficulties, trying to avoid
monetary and trade practices which hurt each
other, would be valuable to the economic sta-
bility of the whole anti-Communist front.
New Books at the Library
Wendt, Gerald-You and the Atom; N. Y.,
Whiteside-Wm. Norrow, 1956.
Williams, Jay-A Change of Climate; N. Y.,
Random House, 1956.
Sloane, Eric-Eric Sloane's Almanac &
Weather Forecaster; N.Y. & Boston, Duell,
Sloan & Pearce-Little Brown, 1955.
Solon, Gregory-The Three Legions; N. Y.,
Random House, 1956.

(EDITOR'S NOTE: The following
article was written by a present in-
mate of the State Prison of South-
ern Michigan. Earl Gibson, editor
of the prison weekly, "The Specta-
tor, wrote a six-part series which
appeared in The Daily for Jan. 16-
20. In the future, the Daily will
publish other articles of Gibson's
on the problem of today's prisons
and today's prisoner.)
ACCORDING to the latest Uni-
form Crime Reports, published
by the FBI, the total percentage
of crime committed in the United
States between the years 1950 and
1954 rose 20 per cent, whereas the
total population itself rose only
aboue five per cent during the same
period. In all probability, how-
ever, the net result of this reve-
lation, and of the assurance of
continued percentile increase in
crime, will be renewed cries for
and the subsequent building of
more prisons.
Once upon a time, epilepsy was
considered a sacred sickness, a
visitation from on high of divine
judgment. All that was done in
those days for epileptics was eith-
er to build more hovels for them
or to disregard them entirely. Cer-
tainly nothing could be done for
the disease itself, since mortals
could not interfere in divine mat-
ters. Although many of these epi-
leptics, to be sure, were hopeless
mental degenerates, many others,
aside from the annoying seizures,
were intelligent and eminently
worth saving.
* * *
WITH THE progress of medical
science, however, studies were
made of the etiological factors in
the various epileptiform afflictions,
and gradually, where once there
had been ignorance and supersti-
tion, there appeared some glim-

of epilepsy was not dealth with
by either disregarding the disease
or solely by bui-lding more and
more places for storing away the
* * *
vironmental and hereditary, which
lead to the development of the
criminal are doubtlessly much
more complex and subtle than
those which produce epilepsy, or
any other disease, for that mat-
ter, and more difficult to isolate.
But still,nwhat a different picture
we find in the field of criminology
and penology! With but few, and
relatively recent exceptions, the
problem of dealing with (detected,
mind you) criminal activity has
been carried out on the basis of

an outmoded metaphysico-legal
philosophy, the prime panacea of
which, in the last analysis, resolves
itself into the application of the
lex talionis and tribal retribution:l
incarceration and capital punish-'
To use another analogy, you
may attack the vermin problemI
in several ways. You may, for
instance, fill your cellar with more
and more, larger and larger rat
traps, baited with bigger and big-
ger pieces of cheese. True, you
may catch more rate, and you
may gloat over even finer and
fatter specimens of the animal--
but you are not solving the rat
problem. At best, you are only
producing a super-breed of wiser
and bigger rats.





by Vicik bibter

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