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April 18, 1956 - Image 4

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Michigan Daily, 1956-04-18

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Sixty-Sixth Year

You Hear Anything Yet?"

hen Opinions Are Free,
Truth Will Prevafi"



Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers or
the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.

TEsDAY, APRIL 18, 1956


INV TE 1 & r f


U.S. Policy in Middle East:
Two Views-



Experience Points
To 'Hands Off' Policy
THIS NATION'S policy makers are currently
wrestling with the problem of what to do
about the Middle East crisis. The question at
the moment is shall we 'or shall we not send
troops topolice the international borders in
order to prevent or stop an all-out war in the
If Uncle Sam can take a lesson from ex-
perience, the decision should surely be "hands
In recent years, the United States has made
a policy of concerning itself with the internal
affairs of nations all over the globe, regardless
of how remote the problem at hand may be
from direct concern with our own affairs or
our own welfare. This nation has repeatedly
taken upon itself the responsibility of "nurs-
ing along" backward countries, and of taking
a hand in disputes which don't concern us, a
job better left to the United Nations.
Too often this help, financial or advisory,
is unwelcome or even resented, and rather than
gaining us new friends and stronger allies,
brings us only contempt and criticism.
A -else in point is India. Though the U.S.
has been an is yet pouring millions in foreign
aid into India, one of the "backward" coun-
tries, it has received anything but gratitude
and friendship in return.
The more money Prime Minister Nehru re-
ceives, the. more, "neutral" he becomes, and
the more "neutral" he becomes, the more aid
he gets. Recently he came up with a parti-
cularly vigorous denunciation of the United
States and everything American. The result?
An invitation to visit Washington.
Uncle Sam, for all his well-meant meddling,
has gotten little but rebuff and ridicule. The
recent U.S. attempt to take a hand in the
situation in Cyprus, rather noncommittal
though it was, was interpreted by the British
as favoring the Greeks. It solved nothing, and
served only to anger the British.
THE SHIPMENT of U.S. arms to Saudi Ara-
bia in February, and the refusal to sell simi-
lar war equipment to Israel, brought a storm
of protest from Israel. Had said- arms been
sold to Israel, and refused to the Arabs, the
result would have been the same, except that
the protest would have come from a different
To sell arms to both would be to encourage
war, to worsen an already explosive 'situation.
What to do? Step out of the picture alto-
gether as an individual nation, except perhaps
to offer advice and mediation if asked for, and
work for a solution of the problem through
the 'United Nations.
This Is not intended to advocate any firm
policy of neutralism or isolationism, nor to say
we should ignore the Communist threat. The
United States shiould keep out of internal affairs
of nations where our help is unwelcome.
Settlement of international problems is a
function for which the UN was set up. This
function should not be taken over by the U.S.
Department of State..

U.S. Must Stand Firm
On Tripartite Pact
ELECTION YEAR politics withstanding, the
time is over-ripe for the United States to
take extra-United Nations action in the upset
Middle East.
Those who recommend our seeking a Middle
East solution only within the UN overlook
these facts: The UN acts slowly and seldom
in preventive fashion. This is an urgent situa-
tion. The UN has already failed to enforce
the post-1948 armistice agreements.
The UN suffers internal handicaps to actionj
--an Arab-courting Russia can veto or mellow
any Security Council action. Dag Hammar-
skjold's mission will only give the Gaza strip
a breather-no one expects any better, in-
cluding the Secretary General.
Our short-run action could be taken in two
'areas outside UN doors. One move could 'scare
the war' out of both Arab and Jew; the other
could remove the main cause of Arab hate
for the Jew.
ONE-We should stand firm on our Tripar-
tite Declaration of 1950.
Then, we agreed with the British and French
to stop any fighting in the Middle East, UN
support or niot. A concerted policy among the
allies is lacking now. It must be obtained.
However, the price to us must not be the ship-
ment of arms to Israel or joining the Baghdad
Pact as the British advise.
A quadripartite declaration would be even
'better. Russia should be invited to join. Thus
far, she has hung aloof from the crisis as far
as suggesting solutions. And no country has
profited more. The Arabs consider the Soviet
a friend. A British-American breech has been
created. 4
TWO-The United States, with its abundance
of money and administrative talent, should
help to repatriate the one million Arab refugees
that have fled Israel.
This tragedy is the deepest irritation of
Egypt's Nasser and the Arab League. No other
gripe so influences their desire for war. Pre-
mier Nasser says candidly in this week's Life:
"We have no intention of using our new
weapons in an unprovoked attack against Is-
rael. However, and note carefully, we Egyp-
tians also have no intention whatsoever of
helplessly watching while our children flee as
refugees in front of marching Israeli armies."
So our policy to achieve a lasting peace must
rest on a hoped-for premise: that the Arabs
will accept an Israeli state that Arabrefugees
have - been repatriated, compensated for their
lost homes, and given jobs.
Whether done eventually through the UN
or no, we must give the refugee problem im-
mediate leadership. Neither the Egyptians nor
the Israelis would object.
These are two moves the United States can
make in the here and now. Time is on the
side of war.


" r fir _
4049VO 77,hS WA4 14 1 At CrAP^4 PS,0 4--

Zhukv May VisitWashington

to the
'Galindez Case'
To the Editor:
WE in the United States are for-
tunate. We live in a democratic
country where we may speak, write,
and act according to what we feel
to be right and necessary, and
where those politically persecuted
elsewhere have found refuge.
Recently, we believe, a shocking
violation of human liberties has
occurred. We refer to the case of
one man who courageously lived in
the firm belief of freedom from
fear to express openly whatever he
thought was just. This man just
finished a doctoral thesis at Co-
lumbia University about a totali-
tarian oppression. His views are
emphatic, direct, analytical, and
eloquently expressed-based on the
profound insight of a critic who
hoped for a freer, safer society by
instigating and encouraging con-
structive development of institu-
tions and aspirations. Such a posi-
tive personality was Jesus de Gal-
indez. On March 12, after his lec-
ture on the History of Latin Amer-
lean Civilization at Columbia Uni-
versity, Jesus de Galindez disap-
The disappearance of a young,
outspoken scholar who wrote ear-
nest political expositions on dicta-
torships is depressing enough.
However, this case is an issue of
greater scope. It carries more seri-
ous implications because of insinu-
ations that agents of a foreign
government may be responsible for
this act.
A month has elapsed since this
tragic event. It is disappointing
that on many campuses and cities
throughout the United States, the
press has failed to awaken the
public to the detrimental signifi-
cance of the inexplicable vanishing
of a university professor. New York
papers and some national maga-
zines have given sparse coverage to
the case. Surely, this is not enough!
It is because of this disheartening
lethargy that the "Galindez Case"
can have dangerous repercussions.
It seems we are reluctant, or even
afraid to protest when a man dis-
appears under these circumstances.
When this occurs, our system of
democracy is in the danger of
drifting into a state of stagnation.
We should not forget Jesus de
Galindez - much less should we
forget the precious inalienable
rights and ideals he so valiantly
upheld. Therefore, we request stu-
dents', and professors' support on
several college campuses to demand
a thorough and prompt investiga-
tion of the disappearance of Jesus
de Galinde. We feel this to be in-
valuable to impede future infringe-
ments on the freedom of expres-
-Javier Bray,
Ann Bander
Columbia University,
New York
Re:Honor System .. .
To the Editor:
IF AND WHEN the Literary Col-
lege adopts an "honor system,"
let us hope that no silly pledge is
required as is the case in the
Engineering College. The pledge is
only a carry-over' of faculty dis-
trust-and why should the faculty
show any distrust for the students
when the one thing that The
Michigan Daily writers have told
the faculty they should not do is

distrust the students?
Let us also hope that the alter-
nating seating policy is kept under
the "honor system." The main-
tenance of this medevial carry-
over would not be to keep eyes at
home but to pamper the luxury-
loving among us who like "elbow
room" when writing for one to
three hours.
And as long as we're being
"trustful," let's save the university
some money and cut down on the
number of librarians. Let the
students charge out their own
books. A big savings could especi-
ally be realized under the new pol-
icy at Clements Library.
--Joseph M. Flora, '56


IT ISN'T supposed to be announc-
ed, but plans are under dis-
cussion to have Marshal Zhukov,
Eisenhower's wartime co-com-
mander in Germany visit the
United States in September or
For some time the Kremlin's'
two rover boys, Khrushchev and
Bulganin, have been discreetly
hinting that they might like to
visit the USA. This has been met
with State Department rebuffs, for
to welcome the two Soviet sight-
seers in an election year is con-
sidered poor political strategy plus
a real security problem.
The job of protecting Khru-
shchev and Bulganin from the
many refugees and White Russians
in this country makes secret ser-
vice men shudder.
* * *.
HOWEVER, when Marshal Zhu-
kov hinted, during a diplomatic
reception in Moscow, that he
might like to come to the USA,
there was a more favorable res-
In the first place, Zhukov is con-
sidered the rising strong man of
Russia. Second, the visit of an
army man who is not an active
Communist would sit better with
the American public. Third, such
a visit would further the idea that
President Eisenhower, through his
wartime associations, might lead
the USA toward a Russian-Ameri-
can peace.
The plan is still in the discus-

sion stage, but the chances are
strong that Marshal Zhukov will
come to Washington for a call on
his old wartime buddy during the
height of the election campaign.
* * *
WORST EGG the Democratic
National Committee has laid in a
long time is looming Saturday
night when the biggest Democratic
dinner of the year is expected to
be held in a half-empty armory.
Instead of making money for
the already in-debt Democrats, it
will put them in the light of fail-
ing to honor a great Democratic
hero, Woodrow Wilson, and of be-
ing woefully incapable of match-
ing Len Hall's triumph when he
collected $3,000,000 at Madison
Square Garden Jan. 30 for Ike.
Reason for the fiasco is that
the dinner is slated for April 21,
when it faces the following com-
peting attractions:
* * *
Truman is getting married. So top
Democrats will be in Indepen-
dence, Mo., not Washington.
Attraction No. 2 - Minnesota
Democrats are holding national
dinner on the same night.
Attraction No. 3-Senator Ke-
fauver is peaking with Senator
Wayne Morse in Oregon to launch.
the beginning of his own and
Morse's campaign.
Attraction No. 4-Eisenhower is
speaking before the American So-

ciety of Newspaper Editors at their
big wind-up dinner in Washington.
* * *
PLANNERS of the Democratic
dinner should have known better
than to stage their dinner on the
same night as the Editors' dinner,
the latter having been set a year
in advance. However, they knew
that Adlai Stevenson was sched-
uled to be in Washtington that
week end, and the Democratic
high command, long pro-Steven-
son and anti-Kefauver, figured it
could highlight Adlai and ignore
Estes, however, promptly ac-
cepted an invitation to help Sena-
tor Morse in Oregon. Meanwhile,
the Republicans rushed Eisenhow-
er in as top speaker at the editors'
dinner, so he will black out Steven-
As of this writing, 800 tickets
are sold for the armory which seats
3,000 people. Tragic probablity is
that Democratic speakers Will be
extolling Woodrow Wilson to 2,000
empty chairs.
(Copyright 1956, by Bell Syndicate, Inc.)
New Books at Library
Earl, Lawrence - The Frozen
Jungle; N.Y., Alfred A. Knopf,
Greene, Graham-The Quiet
American; N.Y.
H e s c h e 1, Abraham-God in
Search of Man; Viking Press, 1956.

THE Daily Official Bulletin is an
official publication of the University
of Michigan for vhich the Michigan
Daily assumes no editorial responsi-
bility Notices should be sent in
TYPEWRITTEN form to Room 3553
Administration Building before 2 p.m.
the day preceding publication. Notices
for the Sunday edition must be in by
2 p.m. Friday.
General Notices
Selective Service Examination: Stu-
dents taking the Selective Service Col-
lege Qualification Test on April 19 are
requested to report to Room 100, Hut-
chins Hall at 8:30 a.m. Thursday.
Late Permission: Women students
may use an automatic late permission
to work on Michigras. These permis-
sions will extend to their usual time,
Meeting for seniors interested in a
commission in the U.S. Navy, 7:0 pm..
Thurs., April 19 in the Council Room
of South Quad.
Sigma Delta P: All members of the
Spanish Honorary Society, Sigma Delta
Pi, are urged to be present at an im-
portant meeting April 19, at 4:10 pm.,
In 108 R.L. (Romance Languages Build-
ing). The Organization and future act-
ivities of the Society will be discussed,
CAVE ROOM 7:30 p.m.
Minutes of the previous meetings April
11, 13
Officers reports: President: Propectur
Finance Report
Elections Study Committee Report
Vice-Pfesident: Appointments
Treasurer: Activities Booklet
Early Registration passes
Religious Emphasis Week
Gothic Film Society review
Student Representation: Honors Con
vocation Committee recommendations
-two to be selected from names sub-
Coordinating and Counselling
Requests for recognition: Fine Arte
Students for Stevenson
Greek Week activities:-May 13-19
International Festival Week activities
May 5-13
International Fashion show, Union
May 10
International Tea, Union May 10
International movies, supper (Lne
Hall) May 13
International pageant, Portrayal of
Marriages Around the World May 11
Kiyoshi Saito, Japanese woodcut print
artist, will show slides and movies,
Wed., April 18, at 3:30 in Auditorium
B, Angell Hall, followed by a demonstra-
tion in the exhibition room, second
floor of Alumni Hall. Mr. Saito is spon-
sored by the State Dept. and Center
for Japanese Studies, and the lecture
is open to the public.
American Chemical Society Lecture,
Wed., April 1, 8:00 p.m., Room 1300
Chemistry Building. Dr. T. Moeler of
the University of Illinois will speak on
"Coordination Chemistry Of Rre Earth
Metal Ions."
Research Seminar of the Mental
Health Research Institute. Dr. Dorwin
Cartwright, professor of psychology, will
speak on "A Formalization of the Con-
cept of Balance," April 19, 1:30 - 3:30
p.m., Conference Room, Children% Psy-
chiatric Hospital.
University Lecture: Rufus S. Hendon
of Yale University, will speak on
"Speech Style in Javanese: a Linguistic'
and Sociological Problem," in Aud. C,
Angel Hall, on Thurs., April 19,-at 4:10
p.m. Auspices of Department of An-s
thropology and the Linguistics Program.
Exchange Lecture. Prof. David L.
Stevenson of Western Reserve Univer-
sity. "J. D. Salinger: His Place in Am-
erican Letters." Thurs., April 19, Aud.
B. 4:10 p.m.
Student Recital: Betty Rice, pianist,
recital in parital fulfillment of the
requirements for the degree of Master
of Music at 8:30 p.m. Thurs., April 19,
Rackham Assembly Hall. Miss Rice is a
pupil of John Kollen, and her program

and Severac will be open toy the public.
Academic Notices
.Seniors: College of L.S.&A., and
Schools of Business Administration,
Education, Music and Public Health.
Tentative lists of seniors for June grad-
uation have been posted on the bulle-
tin board in the first floor lobby, Ad-
ministration Building. . Any changes
therefrom should be requested of the
Recorder at Office of Registration and
Records window Number A, 1513 Ad-'
ministration Building.
Honors Convocation, School of Natural
Resources, 11 a.m., Thurs., April 19,
Kellogg Auditorium. Gordon Bonfield,
Vice-President of the American Box
Board Company of Filer City, will speak
on his company's management code.
Open to public. Request is made that
instructors in other schools excuse from
11:00 classess Natural Resources stu-
dents who wish to attend the Convoca-
Students who are definitely planning
to transfer to the College of Literature,
IScience, and the Arts, School of Edu-
cation, School of Music, School of
Nursing, or the College of Pharmacy in
June or Setpember from another cam-
pus unit should come to the Office of
Admissions, 1524 Administration Build- 4
ing immediately to make application
for transfer.
LSA students planning on doing col-
lege work during this summer at other
educational institutions should Im-
mediately file the proper summer course






1e London Talks


MESSRS. Khrushchev and Bulganin are due
to arrive in London on Wednesday of this
week. There has been a great change since
their visit was first suggested during the meet-
ing at the summit in Geneva last July.
The question then was whether and how
and when diplomacy might resolve the series
of deadlocked issues from Germany through
Formosa to Korea. The understanding that
came out of Geneva was that even though the
great nuclear powers could not agree on a Ger-
man settlement, a; Chinese settlement, a Ko-
rean settlement, they would not go to war
about them.
What was not foreseen then, and is new in
the situation today, is that Soviet Union now
holds the keys to peace and war in the Middle
East. Peace can be maintained if the Soviet
Union will act to maintain it. War is probable
if the Soviet Union connives at war by refusing
to prevent war.
Ndbody knew last July that this would be the
main business to be discussed when Bulganin
and Khrushchev came to London. It now over-
shadows every other subject. The world is liv-
ing and for an indefinite time to come it can
go on living with its unsettled issues. They are
disagreeable, they present danger for the fu-
ture. But they are not in crisis.
This is not true of the Middle East. There,
unless the Soviet Union acts positively to pre-
vent war, as is her duty under the charter of
the United Nations, there is a near prospect of
an explosion that would rock the world.
Because the situation in the Middle East is
so critical, and the responsibility of the, Soviet
Union is so unmistakably clear, the coming
talks in London may well be momentous. They
will be in' the nature of a show-down on what

Sees Need For 'Some' Censorship

are Moscow's intentions, on whether Moscow
wants the future of the Middle East to be de-
tetmined by peaceful negotions or by war.
THESE LONDON TALKS will be conducted
by Sir Anthony Eden, and the United States
is not participating in them directly. But the
British will be keeping us fully informed, and
there is little doubt that on the crucial ques-
tion of Soviet intentions about war, Washing-
ton and London will reach a common esti-
mate. From this common estimate there is
almost certain to follow a common judgment
on the undecided question of policy.
The great undecided question of policy is
whether on the basis of the prevention of an
Arab-Israeli war, there are to be broader ne-
gotiations about the Middle East. The alter-
native is for London, Paris and Washington
to take their own measures, despite the Cairo-
Moscow axis, to maintain the status quo. This
is a disagreeable and dangerous alternative.
But the choice between the two alternatives
does not depend on what we would like but
on what we learn from Messrs. Khrushchev
and Bulganin when the questions are put to
them. e.
During the past months we have seen a
great expansion of Soviet influence and a
mounting challenge to the West in the field
of unwarlike campetition. But the Soviet pen-
etration of the Middle East is a radically dif-
ferent kind of thing from the Soviet campaign
in South Asia. The Middle East is different
because there the Soviet diplomacy has as its
spearhead the military aggressiveness of
Egypt's Col. Nasser.
What is going on in Egypt, in Saudi-Arabia,
in Syria and now annarently in the Sudan. is

(EDITOR'S NOTE: Mr. Kessel is the
present and future Managing Editor
of Gargoyle, campus humor maga-
zine.) I
THE PROBLEM of censorship of
college humor magazines is per-
haps not so disturbing as censor-
ship of college newspapers, since
presumably newspapers are pri-
marily concerned with publication
of news, which should be delivered
to the public reasonably free from
distortion or suppression.
Also, it seems to be generally
believed that editorial columns of
college newspapers should be open
to the expression of so-called "un-
popular" opinions; whether they
be unpopular with faculty, admin-
istration, or student groups.
Censorship of hamor magazines,
however, has a certain amount of
approval. It is generally believed
on many college campuses. that
without censorship, a humor mag-
azine will become a device for the
circulation of "objectionable" ma-
terial. Then, of course, editors of
humor magazines tend tq be some-
what less conservative than editors
of college newspapers; hence less
easily trusted.
* * *
SINCE THESE two obsevations
are occasionally quite true, censor-

warningshfrom college officials,
one rather well known humor
magazine was finally banned.
A quick glance through the par-
ticular issue which brought about
this action reveals that the loss is
not a serious one, since the editors
attempted to counterbalance a lack
of staff talent by use of quasi-ob-
scene material which was not even
significantly amusing.
It might 'seem that a small
amount of control, through per-
haps a faculty advisor, could have
prevented the need for this drastic
* * *
THE FOLLOWING problem is
then raised: how can a college
keep a certain amount of control
over its publications, without an-
tagonizing the students involved?
Ideally, the publication system
should be a self-perpetuating one,
in which responsible and able stu-
dents are trained to develop their
abilities to best serve-the purposes
of student publications: informing
and entertaining the student body.
But many colleges seem to be
unwilling to trust student editors
and staffs, and have provided some
form of faculty or alumni or ad-
ministration control of publica-
The policy of the University of
Michigan is something of a border-

pus publication of Gargoyle for a
Any sort of publication censor-
ship cannot help but lead to some
dissatisfaction. Yet, the presence
of some type of faculty control is
sometimes necessary to assure re-
sponsible management of publica-
It appears that this University
has solved the problem rather suc-



by Dick Bibler


pq~ 1
v ,;



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