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Well, What Did You Unlearn Today?"
n Opinilons Are Free,
-utb Will Prevall"
litorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers or
the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.
RSDAY, APRIL 12, 1956 NIGHT EDITOR: DICK HALLORAN
Civil Rights Program
Positive Step Forward
'HE EISENHOWER ADMINISTRATION has
at last recognized its responsibility in the
vil rights area. Attorney General Herbert.
ownell presented to Congress a program
iich would at the very least lend consider-
le support to the country's claims that it is
ncerely interested in civil rights on an indi-
lual basis. The Administration program
>uld put teeth into Constitutional amend-
ents which presently receive little more than
service from the elected representatives of'
'e United States, professed leader in demo-
The most important recommendations made
r Mr. Brownell deal with increased judicial
wers and remedies. in cases where a citi-
n's rights have been denied. Complaints of
nial of rights could be registered in a Fed-
al court before all local or state remedies
e exhausted. This would prevent the pre-
lent stalling on the part of state authori-
s who are desirous of preventing litigation
favor of the aggrieved individlual.
PEEDIER ACTION would also be made pos-
sible under the recommendation for allow-
g the Department of Justice to go into court
r Federal injunctions against defendants in
ses of deprived rights. As Mr. Brownell says,
. . Civil proceedings to forestall denials of
e right way may often be far more Ieffective
the long run than harsh criminal proceed-
gs to punish after the event." It matters.
tle to the Negro in Mississippi that the per-
,n who has denied him the right to vote is*
verely chided five years later. What he is
terested in is the assurance that his vote
n't be taken away in the first place.,
Other recommendations would allow Federal
osecution of private persons as well as state
id .local officials for denying votes in Fed-
al election, permit the Department of Jus-
e to initiate civil suits in such cases as Ku
ux Klan "scare rides" and establish a full-
time civil rights division within the Department
of Justice, headed by an assistant attorney
Mr. Brownell also submitted detailed recom-
mendations for a bipartisan administrative-in-
vestigative committee in addition to the ad-
vised judicial improvements. The committee,
composed of three members of each party,
would have authority to conduct public hear-
ings, investigate governmental civil rights pro-
cesses, supoena witnesses, require official testi-
mony and request information on civil rights
from any branch of the Executive.
THE NECESSITY for a bipartisan, represen-
tative committee was stressed by the At-
torney General. "Civil rights are of primary
concern to all our people. To this end the
commission's membership may be truly bipar-
tisan and -geographically representative." The
cooperative approach to the civil rights'issue
is emphasized over the hypocritical Northern
brick-wall approach. The activities of a bi-
partisan, representative group would provoke
less criticism that the government is attempt-
ing to legislate change in social custom with no
knowledge of the South's problems.
The% Administration's plan is sorely needed
during the present rash sof civil rights contro-
versy and ill-feeling. It is no panacea. Its
announcement comes at a politically oppor-,
tune time for the Republican Party. But this
should not cause Congress to miss the forest
for the trees. The program has in its favor
the fact that it is something absolute to re-
place nothing .concrete. It also presents for
the first time since the Civil War a potentially
successful program for restoring long-deprived
rights granted to individuals 100 years ago.
Whether or not the proposal is being pre-
sented by "leap-year liberals" as Senator Hum-
phrey claims, the point is that it represents a
step toward restoring rights practically to
those who long ago won them Constitutionally.
Kefauver on Running-Mate
By DREW PEARSON ,
To the Editor:
T HE ABSURDITY of the politi-
cal cartoons reprinted in the
Daily was pointed out again Tues-
Just below a cartoon saying that
Eisenhower is doing nothing on
civil rights, we read the headilne
"Do Little Congress Predicted."
And on page one you run a feature
article on Ike's request for a fed-
eral civil rights commission. The
article points out that he first
asked for the commission more
than three months ago, but whe-
ther the (Democratic controlled)
Cpngress will do anything about
the request remains in question.
-Charles VanArman,'56 BAd.
More on Middle East..
To The Editor:
AER NINE YEARS of con-
tinuous conflict, the United
Nations reached an ultimate de-
cision . . . to send forces to the.
boiling Mid-East to assist the na-
tion subjected to an aggression
They have decided to decrease the
boiling state by adding more heat.
Let us keep our fingers crossed.
One might ask what are the
motivations behind such a strong
issue? One of the many would
be to. restore peace to the Holy
Lands and to prevent further vio-
lations of the UN sponsored ar-
A second motive could be safely
formulated with the aid of a pene-
trating look on the background of
the present situation. Some might
arrive at this conclusion because
of England's loose grip on the
Mid-East on which her materialis-
tic civilization, and that of her
neighbors, the Western European
countries, rests. Since she is los-
ing her grip, her position has been
in grave danger, and she demand-
ed drastic action for what she
created by the UN before it gets
much too late.
This drastic action might put
America in the same wagon with
Britain. This will pave the way
for the Russian intervention to
function more iffectively and re-
sistantly, which would simultane-
ously lead to a larger scale war.
And what would America gain out
of it? Exactly what she gained in
Korea. Add to this that they will
blow up in their own hands the
bridge to the Far East.
-Waleed Karachy, '59
Grateful to Noehren ...
To the Editor:
RECENTLY ANOTHER delight-
fully refreshing series of con-
certs played on the Hill Auditor-
iun organ by Mr. Robert Noehren,
the University's outstanding or-
ganist,. came to an end. The
organ, which has just undergone
an extensive modernization pro-
gram directed by Mr. Noehren, is
now even more adaptable to the
melodies of Johann Sebastian
Bach. Happily, Mr. Noehren once
again chose to devote the entire
series exclusively to the wonderful
works of this talented composer.
It is with eager anticipation that
we await the day when our versa-
tile organist will once again take
his accustomed place to begin yet
another series. Who can doubt that
another hallowed Michigan tradi-
tion is evolving?
We are copfident that should we,
as aging alumni, return to Ann
Arbor anytime in the years to
come, we will need sonly to open
the doors of Hill Auditorium to
thrill once again to the sensitive
interpretations by our University
organist of the works of this ever
May we say, in concluding, that
we are grateful that Mr. Noehren
has chosen not.to contaminate the
atmosphere of Hill Auditorium
with the meager efforts of lesser
TODAY AND TOMORROW:
gotten better, it i
er what is the funds
policy which will :haA
don and Washington.
and how they will re
Soviet Union is now
in the international a
This question1 is as
is the. somewhat sin
East, that of the re
Both in China and
question is how policy
the hard and unpleas
ly great power is now
traditionally a friend
is this unansweredq
root of thehesitatio:
London and in Wasb
The reason that thl
decisions being taken
volves the question o
will do about it. We
lomatic contact with
the Middle East. We
able to do without he
LAST WEEK thet
of them was to go toi
Security Council instr
work on the improver
mistice. This move
of the Soviet Union
its veto, and in thei
obtained. Almost si
under pressure from
Mr. Loy Henderson,E
to the coming meetin
Baghdad Pact. Thi
DEBRA DURCHSLAG ...
DAVID KAPLAN ........
JANE HOWARD - ....
ALAN EISENBERG ......
MARY HELLTHALER .
ELAINE EDMONDS .....
DICK ALSTROM ........
Maddle Eastern Dilemma,
By WALTER LIPPMANN
in the Middle East has blessed but not joined, does not recognize the
is, I think, becoming clear- Soviet presence in the Middle East. It is in
amental question of high fact designed to exclude the Soviet Union's
e to be answered in Lon- participation in the affairs of the Middle East.
The question is whether Here then we have two different lines of
cognize the fact that the policy being followed at the same time. One
present as a great power aims to induce the- Soviet Union to concur in
affairs of the Middle East. the maintenance of peace and eventually in
s. painful and difficult as the arrangement of a settlement. This, one
iilar question in the Far may say, is the line that the Eisenhower ad-
ecognition; of Red China, ministration would like to. follow. The other
in the Middle East the line, that of the Baghdad Pact and also of
y is to come to terms with the 1950 Tripartite Declaration about Palestine,
ant fact that an unfriend- would not recognize the Soviet Union in deal-
present in what has been ing with the Palestine conflicts or with the
ly sphere of influence. It strategic and economic problems of the Middle
question which is at the East.
ns and the differences in We have to ask ourselves how long we can,
hington. continue on these two incompatible lines of
ere are no clear and firm policy. There exists today a Moscow-Cairp
is that every decision in- axis which rests on. the fact that both the
f what the Soviet Union Soviet Union and Egypthave a common inter-
are not genuinely in dip- est. They both wish to overturn the policy
the Soviet Union about of the. Baghdad Pact and of the Tripartite
do not know what we are Declaration--the policy of excluding the Sovi-
er, in spite of her-, or with et Union and of claiming for the West the ulti-
mate responsibility for the whole area.'
Can we expect to succeed both in the U.N.
United States made two and at Baghdad? Can we have collaboration
in the Middle East. One at the U.N. and non-recognition and exclusion
the U.N. and ask that the outside the U.N.? Is it not evident that the
ruct Mr. Hammarskjold to attempt to follow both. lines simultaneously
ment of the Palestine ar- must lead to the frustrations we are experi-
required the concurrence encing and to the equivocations and indeci-
, which could have used sions which everyone is complaining about?
end the concurrence )was
muitaneously Washington, IT IS, OF COURSE, easier to see the dilemma
London, decided to send of our incompatible policies than it is to
a high diplomatic officer, see how the dilemma can be resOlved. For we
ng of the members of the do not know whether the Soviet Union would,
is pact, which we have if invited, be willing to collaborate.
At the U.N. meeting in New York last week
Mr. Sobolev, the Soviet representative, drew a
sharp line between stabilizing the Arab-Israeli
armistice and attempting to make a settle-
ment. Presumably then, Moscow does not now
want war but neither does it want peace. The
~rial Staff present situation, with its fierce passions and
, Managing Editor its 'high tensions, seems to suit Moscow. Why?
JIM DYGERT Presumably again, because it is an anti-Israel
City Editor coalition that the Arab states are the most
..............Magazine Editor united and at the same time the most depend
........... Feature Editor ent upon the Soviet Union.
...........Assciate Editor Egypt, which is the prime mover among the
............ . AssociateEditorArabs, depends upon the Soviet Union for some-
...... Sports Editor thing more than arms. It depends on the
..... Associate Sports Editor. h U N d
Associate Sports Editor Soviet Union for its veto in the U.N. and above
*. Associate Sports Editor all for its capacity to interpose military power
.............. Women's Editor if Britain and the United States were to re-
.Chief Photographer sort to force to maintain the status quo. Col.
Nasser, one might say, depends on Moscow to
uess Staff keep the green light burning for his advances.
S.Business ManagerThe Soviet Union is acting as a protector of
. Bn Egypt and of Saudi-Arabia in their campaign
HIS WEEK in New Jersey, the
Vice-Presidential shoe was on
the other foot for Estes Kefauv-
er. Hitherto he has been asked
whether he would run for Vice
President: But at a press con-
ference in Trenton, with Governor
Meyner of New Jersey standing
somewhat embarrassed beside him,
Kefauver was quizzed:
"Will you take Governor Mey-
ner as your Vice-Presidential run-
"He's a fine man," parried Ke-
fauver, "and I certainly would
take him. But we have a lot of
fine leaders in the party, and I
think the final choice should be
left to the convention."
Just six months ago, mutual
friends of Kefauver and Stevenson
sounded Adlai, out as to whether
he would take Kefauver as his
running-mate. Stevenson said that
he would make no commitment,
that there were many fine Demo-
crats who would make good Vice-
Presidents, that the matter must
be left to the Chicago, convention.
He added that if Kefauver ran
against him in the primaries and
made him go to the expense and
trouble of stumping the different
states, then he would never take
Kefauver for Vice-President.
* * *
REASON FOR Prime Minister
Eden's personal query to President
Eisenhower wanting to know ex-
actly how far the United States
would go in blocking war in the
Near East is the tremendous build-
up of Egyptian-Arab forces along
the Israeli border.
Both U.S. and British Intelli-
gence have warned their govern-
ments that on the basis of this
troop concentration, war is likely
to explode almost any minute. They
even warned; some 60 days ago,
that the war deadline was likely
to be in April.
Here are the details of the Egyp-
1. Egyptian armed forces be-
gan massing in January in the Si-
nai, south of Israeli's Negev bor-
2. By the end of March, nearly
three divisions, fully equipped,
were along the border. Stockpil-
ing of munitions started before
this to make these divisions inde-
pendent of Egyptian bases in the
3. The armored units include
Sherman tanks, Russian tanks,
British centurian tanks and Rus-
4. Russian artillery has been
installed along the Gaza strip.
5. Egyptian and Saudi Arabian
forces have now been almost com-
pletely unified. The new British
jets which Egypt "sold" to Saudi
Arabia will be flown by Egyptian
6. A pincers movement from
Egypt on one side and Saudi Ara-
bia on the other would catch, Is-
rael in between. King Saud re-
cently stated that Saudi Arabia,
Syria and Egypt had worked out
plans to rescue "bleeding Pales-
*. * *
TODAY BEING the anniversary
of Franklin Roosevelt's death, it's.
interesting to note the attitude of
current Washington officials re-
garding adprized memento of the
late President which was offered
by his son James to the Navy fore
the Midshipmen at Annapolis-
namely, FD's old sailing sloop.
However, Secretary of the Navy
Charles Thomas ruled that he
didn't want FDR's sloop at the
Naval Academy or anywhere else.
The sloop was then offered to
the Smithsonian Institution. A
sign at the entrance of the Smith-
sonian reads: "The historical col-
lections of the Smithsonian illus-
trate the lives and times of Ameri-
can historical personages and the
material circumstances of the
periods during which they lived.
However, the Smithsonian turn-
ed FDR's sloop down-for reasons
* * *
FOLLOWING THIS, I happened
to be at the Smithsonian, actually
not to check on its space, but be-
cause my grandsons wanted to see.
all its relics."
Among the assortment of tro-
phies I noted: Eight Eskimo kay-
aks, about the same size as the
Roosevelt sloop; fourteen dugout
canoes; a lengthy model of the SS
Mauretania, which is British; of
the SS Statendam, which is Dutch;
of the SS Empress of Russia, which
But the payoff was a model of
the SS Pilsudski of the Polish
Gdynia-American line, now Com-
(Copyright 1956, by Bell Syndicate, Inc.)
New Books at Library
Shaw, Wilbur-Gentlemen, Start
Your Engines. New York, Coward-
Mauriac, Francois-The Lamb;
N.Y., Farrar, Strauss, 1956.
Merson, Martin - The Private
Diary of a Public Servant; N.Y.,
Nalasz, Nicholas-Captain Drey-
fus; N.Y., Simon & Schuster, 1955.
Newell, H. M.-The Hardhats;
Boston, Houghton Mifflin, 1956.
Cary, Joyce-A House of Child-
ren; N.Y., Harper & Bros., 1956.
Cronin, Vincent--The Wise Man
from the West; N.Y., E. P. Dutton,
Kirst, Hans Hellmut-The Re-
volt of Gunner Asch; Boston,
Little, Brown & Co., 1956.
THE Daily Official Bulletin is an
official publication of the University
of Michigan for which the Michigan
Daily assumes no editorial responsi-
bility Notices should be sent in
TYPEWRITTEN form to Room 3553
Administration Building before 2 p.m.
the day preceding publication:Notices
for the Sunday edition must be in by
2 p.m. Friday.
THURSDAY, APRIL 12, 1956
VOL. LXVII, NO. 43
Blue Cross Group Hospitalization,
Medical and Surgical Service Programs
for staff members will be open from
April 9 through April 20, for new appli
cations, and changes in contracts now
in effect. Staff members who wish to
enroll or change their coverage to in
clude surgical and medical services
should make such changes in the Per-
sonnel Office, Room 3012 Administration
Building. New applications and changes
will be effective June 5, with the first
payroll deduction on May 31. After April
20, no new appcations or changes can
be accepted until Oct. 1956.
The persons listed below will please
pick up their May Festival Usher tickets
at the Hill Auditorium box offce(n
Thurs., April 12 between 5, and 6 pm.:
Judith Anderson, Janice Anspach,
Charles van Atta, Jerry Awais, Anne
Becker, Astrid Beigel, Caroline erlo-
witz, Joseph Berman, Priscilla Bckford,
Lois Anne Blum, Caroline Bradshaw,
Mary Jane Briggs, Alfred Brothers, Bar-
bara Brothers, Louis J. Brown, Elaine
Burr, Alice Burton;
Betty virginia Carlson, Cynthia Con-
way, Charles H. Croninger, Ronald De
Bouver, Ruth Dickstein, Caroline Die-
terle, Erma Donner Sonya Doglas,
Joan Dudd, Miriam Dufresne, Arline
James Edmonds, Mary Elmore, Ilona
Engle, Irving N. Ennis, Joseph Faris,
June Feenstra, Dr. L. Feenstra, Evalyn
Fink, W.n Flenniken, Shirley. Forrest,
Emerson Foster, Morton Fox, Stephen
Eleanor Ganger, Zina Gefter, Kathy
Gemuenden, Anna Gonda, Roger Halley,
Lewis Hamburger, Harold F. Heatwole,
Richard J. Heiman, Llewellya WIlls,
Teresa Holtrop, Agnes Ius, Lee Irish;
Carl D. Johnson, Nina Katz, Eugenia
Kivok, Alice Kretzschmar, Kirke Lewis,
Tamara Lewis, Kathy Lindsay, Wesley
E. Loos, Kathryn c. Lucas, Roger Lutt-
Sherwin Malkin, Arthur C. Marken.
dorf, Barbara Marriott, Ruth Martin,
Winnie Martin, Fred McCluskey, J. D.
McFayden, Keith A. More, Mary E.
Moreland, Jeanne Nagle, Brewster R.
Peabody, William Price, Mrs. Willami
Patricia J. Ray, Betty Jo Richter,
Donald- Ridley, Dr. A. v..Rodriguez,.
Anna Rodriguez, Fred Sansome, Arthur
Schwartz, Elaine Schwartz, Leonard
Scott, Donald Seitz, Dorothy Sodrgen,
Roy Steinberg, Francis Steinon, Thomas
R. Stengle, Priscilla Stockwell, Karen
Stokstad, Marilyn Stokstad;.
Mila Underhill, John C. an der Vede,
Marilyn Van der Velde, Fred Von sach,
Hans Wagner, Donald West, Marlies
West, Arthur C. Wolfe, Shirley P. Wolfe,
Eugene Baitzeff, Norman Zilber, Ronal4
May Festival Tickets for single eon-
certs, are gn sale at the offices of the
University Musical Society in Burton
.Memorial Tower at $3.50, $3,00, $2.50,
$2.00 and $1.50 each.
Fresh Air Camp Tag Days are April
12 and 13. Will University personnel
please make their contributions in the
buckets. There will be no mail solicita-
tion this year except for a few major
The following student sponsored social
events are' approved for the 'miming
weekend, Social chairmen are. reminded
that requests for approval for social
events are due in the Office of Student
Affairs not iater than 12:00 noon on the
Tuesday prior to the event.
April 13: Alpha Delta P, Collegiate
Sorosis, Couzens Hall, Delta Phi Epsilon,
Delta Theta Phi, Martha Cook, Mosher,
Phi Delta Phi.
April 14: Allen RunIsey,. Alpha 'Chi
Sigma, Alpha Delta Phi, Alpha Epsilon
Pi, Alpha Kappa Kappa, Alpha Kappa
Psi, Alpha Sigma Phi, Chi Phi, Cooley
House, Delta Sigma Phi, Delta Sigma
Pi, Delta Tau Delta, Delta Theta Phi,
Hawaii Club, Kelsey House, "M" Club,
Michigan House, Nu Sigma Nu, Phi
Delta Phi, Phi Kappa Psi, Phi Kappa
Tau, Phi Sigma Kappa, Reev esHouse,
Scott House, Sigma Alpha Epsilon, Sig-
ma Chi and Beta Theta Pi, Tau Delta
Phi, Theta Chi, Theta Xi, Triangle,
Trigon, van Tyne, Wenley House.
April 15: Phi Delta Phi.
Research Seminar of the Mental
Health Research Institute. Wilson P.
Tanner, Jr., of the Engineering Research
Institute, will speak on "The Human
Use of Information," Thurs., April. 12,
1:30-3:30 p.m., Conference Room, Child-
ren's Psychiatric Hospital.
Political -Science Round Tablf will
meet at 8:00 p.m., Thursday,- April 12,
In the Rackham Assembly Hall. Prof.
Kenneth Wheare., All Soul's College,,
Oxford University, England, will speak
on "The Decline of the Legislature."
All interested persons invited.
University Lecture in Psychology. "Ex-
perimentally Induced Paralysis and
Theories of Behavior." Prof. Richard.
L. Solomon, Harvard University. Fri.,
April 13, 4:15 p.m., Angel, Aud. B.
Medical College Admission Test. Ap-
plication blanks for the May 5 adminis-
tration of the Medical College Admis-
sion Test are now available at 122
Rackham Building. Application blanks
are due in Princeton, N.J. not later than
April 21, 1956. If you expect to enter
medical school in the fall of 1957, you
are urged to take the test on May 5,
Admission Test for Graduate Study in
Business: Candidates taking the Ad-
mission Test for Graduate Study in
Business on April 14 are requested to
TALK WITH SEN. POTTER:
State GOP Will Run Ford or Cobo for Governor.
By JIM ELSMAN
Daily Staff Writer
W ASHINGTON, D.C. strutted
some scenic cherry blossoms
and 70 degree-plus temperatures
for the thousands that walked her
humid tourist route last week.
But those sight-seers hoping to
watch the Congress hammer out
the farm bill or other legislation
were disappointed. Both Houses
were taking their own Easter va-
Some, like this state's Demo-
cratic Senator Patrick V. McNa-
mara, were jumping the Novem-
ber deadline by mending or build-
ing partisan fences back home.
Others, like Representative George
Meader of Ann Arbor just "weren't
would respond to a draft move-
ment and said that he was "able
enough and enough of a vote-get-
ter to beat Governor Williams."
. * *
THE REPUBLICANS' Sunday-
punch in Michigan this Novem-
ber, according to the Senator, will
be an attack on the integrity of
the Democrat-run State adminis-
"Governor Williams' Secretary
of State, James Hare, and his At-
torney General, Thomas Kava-
naugh, haven't given credence to
good public service: the institu-
tion of a 10% kick-back for em-
ployes of the Secretary of State's
office is one case; the other is
that Atty. Gen. Kavanaugh, a
weak man, has had his own ticket
fixed on five or six traffic viola-
Corrupt Practices Act," warned the
"Peace and Prosperity," thought
Potter, will be two potent claims
for the GOP in the presidential
contest, but he conceeded that
both were subject to bad fortune
and thus to the detriment of the
The Senator thinks the farm
issue will receive attention in this
state as well as in the corn belt.
"Most farmers that have contact-
ed me thus far favor flexible price
supports," he reported.
* * *
WHEN TOLD that many on this
campus were concerned about the
shortcomings and short-sighted-
ness of our foreign policy, Sen.
Potter sympathized, acknowledged
the desirability of long-range for-
eign aid, but added that there
SEN. CHARTES E POTTER