A REPORT ON
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Latest Deadline in the State
VOL. LXVI, No. 122 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, WEDNESDAY, MARCH 28, 1956
Sue Arnold Chosen
New Head Proposes Newsletter,
'Drop Down' System of Elections
H By PAT NORTON
Sue Arnold, '57, was announced as the new president of the
Women's League yesterday.
Miss Arnold's plans for next year include advocating a change in
Women's Senate to a President's Council which would meet once a
} month, making it a joint council of Assembly and Panhellenic.
She would like to see the League have a newsletter to take care
4 of all announcements which the Senate might ordinarily do. This
newsletter would also list the coming events of the League.
Includes 'Drop Down' System
Incluied in her plans is a "drop down" system of elections
whereby chairmanships of League committees would be filled by coeds
SGC Committee Adopts.
By RENE GNAM
The General Subcommittee of Student Government Council's
Campus Affairs Committee yesterday decided to take a 3-point stand
on the bicycle problem.
Meeting last night in Quonset Hut A, the subcommittee unani-
mously 'felt that "some sort of statement of policy should be made
o the Ann Arbor City Council expressing the views and representing
the opinions of the students of the University towards the proposed
Elections Director Hopes
For 7,000 Voting Total
Elections Committee Reports Balloting
Stations Operating at Full Efficiency
By TOM BLUES
An estimated 3,500 University students braved the slush of yes-
terday's spring thaw to cast their ballots in the first day of this
semester's all-campus elections.
On a clear, crisp spring day the unnofficial count fell short by
approximately 200 voters the number of first day participants in last
In spite of the fact that this morning is expected to be marred
by showers, Election Director John Walper, '58, is hoping for a total
vote of at least 7,000. "If the good weather of yesterday holds out,
SA University graduate student,
Sharlene Duncan, was charged
with two counts of negligent homi-
cide Monday in the deaths of two
Wayne County road repairmen.
State Police said Miss Duncan
was driving to classes fron her
home in Detroit at 11:30 a.m. on
the Willow Run Expressway ,t
speeds of 50 to 60 miles per hour
on the inside lane of the divided
four-lane highway. According to
Miss Duncan, a car in front of her
slowed, and she lostcontrol of her
1953 sedan as she applied the
Police stated the car skidded
sideways for a distance of 80 feet
past a barricade and caution sign
and slammed into a Wayne County
dump truck, beside which the two
men were working.
The scene of the accident was
400 yards from the Wayne County
line in Ypsilanti.
The victims, Lorraine C. Smith
and Loyse M. Huffman, both 29..
and from Belleview, were dead on
arrival at Beyer Uemorial hospital
in Ypsilanti. Smith from internal
injuries and Huffman from a skull
fracture. Smith was father of two
children and Huffman was father
The men were part of a four-
man- crew patching the highway
with asphalt. Another man was
driving the truck at about two
miles an hour in the outside lane
and the fourth was flagging cars 80
feet behind the truck.
Four political science professors,
in a "Democracy vs Communism"
symposium, yesterday discussed
several of the differences between
the two forms of government.
- One of the random distinctions
between the two was pointed out
by Prof. Henry L. Bretton.
Although in Western philosophy,
Prof. Bretton said, the "idea"
comes before the institution, under
Marxism the economic situations
come first and then the "ideas."
Prof. Bretton also emphasized,
in the first of a series of Inter-
House Council-sponsored Faculty
Debates held yesterday evening in
West Quadrangle, that Commun-
ism, ideally, is not what is in
practice in the Soviet Union today.
"Dictatorship of the proletariat,"
he said, "is not the end, but the
The political science faculty
members went on to point outhow
Lenin saw the problems in Marx-
ism and made changes, and how
Stalin later made additional
"Stalin was a deviationalist"
Prof. Bretton said. "The only
people who didn't say so were the
ones under his direct control."
"And now even they are saying
it," Prof. Lionel H. Laing, modera-
tor of yesterday's program, added.
William Ritchie, a third political
science faculty participant in the
symposium, maintained that "If it
had not been for the existence of
Russia, Marxism might have had
a much greater movement in the
Another aspect of the problem
was pointed out to the audience of
120 by Prof. Frank Grace, who
stated that the goal of the Com-
munist is "unattainable."
who were not elected to League
Active League support of the
Student Government Council is
also planned by Miss Arnold. .
"I will try and put my program
into effect and see how it works
out, 'the education major said.
Serving as director of the Junior
Girls -Play - and writing songs for
the production, as well as being'
junior personnel representative on
Kappa Kappa Gamma's house
judiciary are among Miss Arnold's
During her sophomore year, she
'was a member of Michifish and
the Soph Scandals cast. Miss Ar-
nold, who comes from Glencoe,
Ill., also directed the skit which
Kappa Kappa Gamma and Phi
Gamma Delta presented for Skit
Night last year.
Spending her freshman year at
Smith College, Miss Arnold was
freshman representative to the
Will Be SGC Ex-Officio
As League president, Miss Ar-
nold is an ex-officio member of
chairman of the League Council
SGC. She will also serve as
chairmanhof the League Council
and be a member of the Joint Judi-
ciary interviewing board. She will
act as ex-officio vice-president of
the League Board of Governors.
Her duties also include coordi-
nating all League activities and is-
suing League appointments.
The Washtenaw county sheriff
has intervened to prevent inci-
dents in the smoldering Detroit
Three milk trucks, belonging to
Tom Merkle of Chelsea were re-
ported to have been followed Mon-
dav by two Michigan-licensed cars
bicycle ban" in specified areas of
According to Joe Collins, '58,
A system to establish a liason
between students and University
alumni clubs will be organized im-
mediately after spring vacation, it
was announced at last night's
meeting of the Student Relations
Committee of the Development
The organizational group, which
will work through the Union,
League, and the Student Relations
Committee was stimulated primar-
ily through the interest of Ruth
Byers, Alumnae Council Secretary,
and response of alumni clubs to
the request for names of a possible
student liaison to the individual
Committee To Broadcast
It was reported that the Com-
mittee will be able to sponsor
radio time on WCBN, broadcasting
from South, East and West Quad-
rangles, with a program of records,
talks and interviews to acquaint
students with the work of the
Committee, the Development
Council, and current campus is-
sues. The broadcasting, tentatively
scheduled for Saturday night from
7:15 to 8:00 p.m., will begin after
Donna Netzer, '56, committee
chairman, said that alumni clubs
have expressed an interest in re-
ceiving names of students in their
areas and of holding some sort of
social gathering for students and
staying closely behind. No actual Birthday Parties Held
incident took place. The clubs are conducting meet-
The "Fair Share Bargining As- ings as "birthday parties" during
sociation" which has been picket- the months of March and April
ing for higher milk prices has to celebrate the Universtity's 139th
called on its members to pour raw birthday.
milk into the gutters in support of According to Tapping, General
the strike. Secretary of the Alumni Associa-
The sheriff's officers said that tion, the birthday party is the only
law enforcement agencies are co- meeting that many of the clubs
operating in protecting traveling outside the United States hold
milk trucks. during the year.
chairman of the committee, "It
,was felt that the bicycle is an in-
tegral part of University life."
Resolution Too Harsh
Collins said the committee felt
the City Council resolution to be
. "The City Council," Collins said
"should consider the bicycle prob-
lem in respect to the best inter-
ests of the students."
The second point established by
the committee was to contact the
University Plant Department this]
week, and "show them where we
can prove that there is a definite
need for bicycle racks," Collins
The committee's recent bicycle
count and survey o existing bi-
cycle racks showed four major
areas of congestion.
Collins listed thesesas: Mason-
Haven Hall entrance, in front of
the General ibrary, in front of the
Economics Building and in front
of Angell Hall.
"Other areas," Collins said,
"were considered, but it was felt
that these four cause the most
congestion to the students and
need the most immediate relief."
The bicycle count and rack sur-
vey revealed that the "big cause
of bicycle congestion is that stu-
dents are not using the bicycle
racks to their fullest advantage."
The committee's third point is
to embark on a program intended
to educate students as to the
proper use of existing racks and
courtesy towards pedestrians.
WASHINGTON (/P)-A Senate-
House conference committee junk-
ed the administration's flexible
price support system in re-writing
the farm bill yesterday.
Secretary of Agriculture Ezra
Taft Benson predicted the move
will bring a presidential veto.'
The conferees agreed to write
into the legislation a provision to
support major crops at 90 per cent
of parity this election year. This
would mean an additional billion
dollars in 1956 benefits to the
Benson told reporters he tas
"disappointed" at the congres-
sional decision and that he didn't
think President Dwight D. Eisen-
hower would approve-even for
one year-a return to the high,
rigid price props which prevailed
during World War II.
As for the conference com-
mittee's vote to retain a "dual
parity" plan in the farm bill, the
secretary called it "indefensible"
and "political log rolling."
Dual parity would permit farm-
ers to use either the old parity
formula or the new,hwhichever is
higher, in computing crop support
Two students and two profes-
sors will participate in a debate,
"How Best to Secure Integration
in the South," at 7:30 p.m. today
in rooms D and E of the League.
Professor William R. Leslie of
the history departmeit, Professor
uin " T . ifnrof hnnc- hl
By MARY ANN THOMAS
Nigeria will be a self-governing
dominion of the British Common-
wealth within a few years, Briga-
dier Edward J. Gibbons predicted
"Nigeria is a typical example of
the nation-building process which]
has been the main effort of Great
Britain in her colonies," he com-
mented in an address sponsored
by the political science and anthro-
Speaking on "Africa Today:
British Colonies on the Road to
Self-Government," the commis-
sioner for the Cameroons and
British representative on the Trus-
teeship Council of the United Na-
tions traced the development of
Nigeria under British administra-
Taken over by Great Britain in
1900 in an effort to combat piracy
and the slave trade, Nigeria has
developed into the modern coun-
try it is today at a "quite aston-
ishing" speed. "The credit," he
said, "goes not to the British, but
to the partnership of the two."
Explaining the administrative
policy of Great Britain in her Af-
rican colonies, Brigadier Gibbons
discussed the difficulties adminis-
trators had in teaching the natives
In the northern regions they
made use of existing forms of self-
government anddruled by indirect
methods, he said. In the coastal
regions, where few forms of gov-
ernment had developed, however,
British leaders had to build up a
local government system.
"Now the system is being mod-
ernized into county-council gov-
ernments carrying on more exten-
sive self-government," he com-
mented. Nigerians are also learn-
ing fundamentals of public finance
on a small scale.
In every case, Brigadier Gib-
bons emphasized, each British
colony is treated as a separate
entity and is completely outside
Great Britain's budget.
This is important in regard to
what is now happening in these
territories because as these.coun-
tries are: becoming independent,
they are taking over already work-
ing government .machines with
which Britain is already accus-
tomed to work-
Nigeria will, of course, face
many problems, the diplomat com-
mented, but "I believe Nigerian
leaders have the capacity to settle
their own problems."
WASHINGTON (P)-The Senate
yesterday rejected two proposals
to revise the constitutional system
of electing presidents and vice-
presidents, then moved, on to con-
sider a major compromise plan.
A 69-13 vote defeated a con-
stitutional amendment by Senator
William Langer (R-ND) which
called for presidential elections to
be determined by direct popular
vote. The candidates, under Sen.
Langer's plan would have been
nominated in nationwide party
Rejected earlier by voice vote
was an- amendment offered by
Senator H. H. Humphrey (D-
Minn). This would have given each
state two electoral votes which
would go to the party ticket carry-
ing the state.
The remaining 435 electoral
votes would have been allocated
nationally according to the na-
tionwide popular vote.
At present a ticket which carries
a state gets all that state's elec-
toral votes. A state has as many
electoral votes as it has senators
BALLOTS OF ALL SIZES greet voters as they gather to exercise
their franchise in this spring's all campus election.
we should be able to attain or even
excel last fall's total vote of 7,120,"
This number represents. 36%
of the University's student popu-
It was reported by the elections
committee that balloting stations
are operating at full efficiency
with complete crews of election
booth workers to handle' today's
Ballots will be counted at 7:30
tonight at the Union Ballroom.
Count Night is open to the pub-
lic and Walper urges those who
are interested in the ballot count
to attend the event. "The counting
procedure is exciting in itself," he
said "and all students are welcome
to be present."
For those unable to be present
for the counting two radio stations'
will report the results as they are
posted in the Union. WCBN will
broadcast to the three quadrangles
direct from the Union. WHRV will
carry the returns to all Ann Arbor
SGC Ballots for Everybody
All voters will receive ballots'
for Student Government Council
and Board in Control of Student
Publications. Sophmores will elect
nine committeemen for their J-
In addition two new members
will be elected to the Board in
Control of Intercollegiate Athlet-
ics, nine Union Vice-Presidents
will be chosen and the Union ref-
Gargoyle Out Today
The Gargoyle staff - announced
that their current issue will be on
Managing editor David Kessel
has promised students a "slam-
bang" issue containing "carefully
selected and aged jokes, bad ad-
vice, better stories and futile ad-
By Tax Men
WASHINGTON (P)-The Inter-
nal Revenue Service said last night'
it had raided and seized the prop-
erty of Communist party offices
acrossa the country after it had re-
fused to supply tax information.
The service's main office here-
where even Commissioner Russell
C. Harrington seemed not to know
why or what happened-said it
had received this explanation from
Donald Moysey, director of the
lower Manhattan district in New
York City, after a telephone con-
versation with him.
Made Raids on Own
Moysey said he made the raids
on his own because he considered
the Communist part, just another
taxpayerand that his agents pre-
vioutly had asked the party's law-
yers for permission to study ifs .
books to learn its income and ex-
The agents were told, Moysey is
-quoted by the Washington office as
saying, that the party had no
books and no records and consid-
ered itself tax exempt.
'Then-so the story here went-
Moysey sent the Communist party
forms to fill out to show why it
should be treated as tax-exempt
but that the forms were never
filled out or returned.
As a result, Moysey said, he
asked the cooperation of other dis-
trict directors to crack down on
party headquarters in various cities
and to seize what tangible assets
they could find, to be held against
the total which Moysey figures
the party owes: $389,000.
This information was obtained
from Moysey by telephone from
the Washington headquarters of
the internal Revenue Service,
Harrington was asked in his of
fice by an Associated Press report-
er if he would make a statement
explaining the raids-this was be-
fore Moysey was reached by tele-
phone from here-and he said:
"I don't want to make a state-
ment until I learn the details."
He was asked: "These raids
weren't conducted without your
permission,- were they?"
Harrington hesitated a moment
and then answered: "Well, I guess
I'll have to take the responsibility
Ann Arbor will play host. today
to the North Central Conference
of the Student Chapters of the
American Society of Civil Engi-
neers, Howard Linders, '56E, con-
ference chairman, said yesterday.
Approximately 80 delegates from
Michigan and Ohio are expected,
along with 40 members from the
University. Delegates will register
at the Union at 1 p.m.
Lawrence A. Rubin, secretary of
the Mackinaw Bridge Authority,
will be guest speaker at a dinner
6:30 today in the Union.
Tmnrrnw t+edP atRA nw11
My Very Own'
World News Roundup
WHEELING, W. Va. (P)-Leaders of the, United States, Canada
and Mexico agreed yesterday their nations should offer moral and
economic aid to thwart possible Communist domination of newly inde-
President Dwight D. Eisenhower, Canadian Prime Minister Louis
St. Laurent and President Adolfo Ruiz Cortines of Mexico agreed on
the need for such a course in continuing informal talks underscoring
North American unity on international problems.
* * * * -
NICOSIA, Cyprus(P)-Two British military policemen were killed
in an ambush yesterday a few hours after British Gov. Sir John
Harding pleaded for an end to violence.
A Greek-speaking customs official was shot dead in the port city
of Limassol during the day.
The deaths brought to 62 the number of persons killed in the
last year by Greek Cypriots seeking union of this British east Medi-
terranean island colony with Greece.
NEW DELHI, India (MP)-A. I. Mikoyan, a Soviet first deputy
premier, told Indian and Western newsmen yesterday the Soviet
Communist party will be strengthened by criticism of Joseph Stalin.
Mikoyan said that because too much good had been said about
Stalin, the 20th Soviet Communist party Congress in Moscow last
month "criticized some actions of Stalin . . . from a historical point
of view and the main aim was to show what is right and wrong-
and arm the party for the future."
* * * *
WASHINGTON-Secretary of Defense Charles E. Wilson yes-
terday named a single boss to speed the United States drive for victory
in the long range strategic missile race with Russia.
He is research engineer Eger V. Murphree, president of the Esso
Research & Engineering Co.. at Summit. N.J.