By ADELAIDE WILEY
Dean of University Education School Willard C. Olson yesterday
attacked the proposed revision of the Michigan teacher certification
Dean Olson, chairman of the influential committee on the training
of teachers, read a statement from the committee at a hearing in
Speaking in a firm voice, he outlined the committee's proposal
that the current code be available for all interested persons.
The committee also asked for a more comprehensive state-wide
opinion survey as a basis for revision.
Chief objection of the University delegation "centered on the jump
in required professional courses for high school teachers from 20
semester hours to 30.
"This increase of 50% is out of line with practice in the U.S. and
jeopardizes the free movement of teachers, between states . . . The
average requirement for professional work is 18 hours for secondary
certification," according to Dean Olson.
The committee also blasted the decrease (from 54 to 30) in hours
devoted to majors and minors, which is replaced in the code by the
controversial "broad area of concentration."
County school superintendents expressed a strong feeling about
the revision committee being made up of professional educators,;
saying they would "like to be consulted," since it is their schools the
proposals affect primarily.
Code Doesn't Follow
A teacher from Aquinas College Faculty Committee observed that
although the preamble of the code says its purpose is to set up the
best possible preparation of teachers, the requirements in the code
do not follow this up.
Prof. Peter J. - Stahdish of the University of Detroit said, "that
economically and intellectually future teachers would be hindered-
they wouldn't be able to afford the extra time and money for getting
the required master's degree for a permanent certificate, and the better
ones wouldn't submit to it."
MFT Reads Statement
A representative from the Michigan Federation of Teachers read
their statement which said, "There is little evidence in the code of
promised give and take between the advisory committee and revision
Prof. Warner G. Rice, chairman of the University English
department and chairman of the Michigan College English Association,
said that "teachers in a classroom are themselves demonstrating teach-
ing techniques by indirection.
"All these teachers train in honesty, virtue, and citizenship, which
the proposed code so strongly advocates.
"I think the present meeting, at which fall points of views have
been presented, and many opinions brought out, shows that we need
to meet more frequently so that everyone's ideas may be consid
Prof. Lawrence Quill, representing the Michigan State Unii
liberal arts school and President John Hanna, also "vigorously" o
ed to the code.
The general feeling of the hearing was expressed- in a state
by a high school teacher who suggested that "the committee 1o
the code as a brave venture, and just start anew."
At the end of the meeting, presiding State Board of Edu
member Charles G. Burns said the Board would "take a long
time to consider the protests. We appreciate the constructive a
and opinions from you people, and will certainly use them in ou
Observers claiin there will be a compromise made on the educ
requirements, bringing them down to 24. Some also thought the
should be acted upon immediately, as delay would dim opi
expressed at the hearings.
Should U.S. Cease Empha-
sizing' Military Alliance?
See Page 4
Latest Deadline in the State
mu wti1 b-
VOL. LXVI, No. 121
ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, TUESDAY, MARCH 27, 1956
Every semester The Daily exhorts the student body
to get out and vote in the all-campus elections.
This semester it is particularly important that every
student get out and vote, especially in the Student Gov-
In the past few months, SGC has proven that it
can be a strong and effective organization for implement-
ing student opinion on campus matters and problems.
SGC was the force behind the changing of the long.
derided driving ban. SGC has taken a forward step in
studying the long-criticized academic counseling system.
And SGC has touched the lives of many students with
its decision on sorority rushing.
Yet, SGC is but one year old, and will be subjected
to a critical appraisal during its next year, the second of
; two-year trial period.
It has proved itself to be of importance to the
students. Now it is the students' turn to prove their
confidence in the Council.
A small vote would raise the very serious question
of whether the students deserve to have an SGC.
A small vote could be very crippling to the future
of SGC. It might lose much of its influence and be
unable to reach the potential its last few months have,
So it is very important that every' student get out
and vote in this crucial election to prove to everyone,
especially to the University, that SGC is worth keeping.
Don't let SGC or yourself down. Vote today or
-THE SENIOR EDITORS
Over New Teacher Code
(EDITOR'S NOTE: This is the last in a series of articles
on the proposed revision of the teacher certification code.)
One major battle over the altered teacher certification code seems
in the offing.
It concerns the relations between liberal arts and -professional
A professor at Michigan * State Normal wrote that the revision
"furnishes another instance of the unremitting attempt of theedu-
cationists to drive humanistic and scientific scholarship out of the,
This is in direct condemnation of a much-discussed statement
in the revised code, which reads, ". . . the prospective teacher who
- demonstrates that his interest is
WASHINGTON (RP)-A 1954 law
to corfpel witnesses to give testi-
mony in cases involving national
security, in return for immunity
from prosecution, was upheld yes-
terday by the Supreme Court 7-2.
Justice Felix Frankfurter, speak-
ing for the majority, said the Fifth
Amendment privilege against com-
pulsory self-incrimination ceases
when "immunity replaces danger"
Justice William Douglas wrote
a dissenting opinion in which he
said the framers of the Constitu-
tion "put it beyond the power of
Congress to compel anyone to con-
fess his crimes."
Douglas, whose opinion was con-
curred in by Justice Hugo Black,
said "the privilege of silence is
,exchanged for a partial, undefined,
vague immunity" and that "Con-
gress has granted far less than it
has taken away."
The court's decision affirmed
the contempt conviction in New
York of William Ludwig Ullmann,
first person to be punished under
Ullman Claimed Privilege
Ullman, called before a federal
grand jury investigating a Wash-
ington wartime espionage ring, re-
fused to answer questions, claim-
ing the privilege against self-in-
Upon recommendation of Atty.
Gen. Brownell, United States Dist.'
Judge Edward Weinfeld promised
Ullman immunity from prosecu-
~ion as a result of any testimony
he gave. When he still refused
to answer questions, Judge Wein-
feld sentenced him to six months
Frankfurter said the a'ct gives
a witness immunity from state as
well as federal prosecution result-
ing from compelled testimony.
By DICK SNYDER
Though the weather outlook is far from good, Student Gov
ment Council elections workers are optimistic that a new recor
students voting will be set in today's and tomorrow's all-campus
Elections Director John Walper, '58, points out that the wea
man, who has predicted rain or snow by tonight and increasing
t9morrow, is not always infallible.
Walper's -committee yesterday loaded portable tables on tr
and prepared ballot boxes for distribution today to the 16 pol
booths across campus.
LAST MINUTE CHECK-Office Manager Claudia Taylor and Polls Directpr Tom VandenBosch pre-
pare ballots for distribution today to 16 campus polling places. Students will be voting for seven Student
Government Council candidates, positions on four other organizations and a Union referendum.
By The Associated Press
NICOSIA, Cyprus-Greek Cyp-
riots last night resumed their
campaign of violence against
British rule after a day of com-
Authorities reported three bomb-
ings that caused damage but no
W. Va.-President Dwight D.
,Eisenhower, the Prime Minister of
Canada and the President of
Mexico opened talks yesterday at
a good neighbor conference sym-
bolizing North American unity.
WASHINGTON-The Senate ii-
vestigations subcommittee bumped
into a wall of resistance yesterday
when it tried to get confidential
papers on Communist trade policy
from high administration officials.
U' Scientist Discovers
A University scientist has produced evidence that the "wasting
away" of patients afflicted with cancer may be caused by change in
the body chemical glutathione-a basic component of all living matter.
This announcement was made recently by the Michigan Division
of the American Cancer Society in a report on research conducted
by Dr. Jere M. Bauer, an associate professor in internal medicine at
Dr. Bauer's experiments were performed with pairs of mice. Half
of the mice were normal and the
WASHINGTON P)-Sen. H. Al-
exander Smith (R-N.J.) told the
Senate yesterday he has decided
to withdraw his support of the pro-
posed constitutional amendment to
change the method of electing
other half had a transplanted can-
Dr. Bauer's results challenge the
common concept that the bodies of
diseased animals contain increased
His experiments show the in-
crease does not represent an in-
crease in water content of the body
tissues, but is due to the excessive
loss of fat.
Fourteen candidates are -in the
running fort seven SGC posts this
semester, six of them full-year
terms, the other a half-year in-
In addition, students will elect
seven Union Vice-Presidents, nine
J-Hop committee members, three
members of the Board in Control
of Student Publicatiors and one
member of the Board in Control
of Intercollegiate Athletics.
Voting will also take place on a
referendum proposing a change in
the number, titles and functions
of the Union's senior officers.
While Walper said that the elec-
tions committee has no specific
goal in mind, he stressed that it
definitely 'hopes to surpass last
semester's total vote of 7,120.
Only 6,070 Last Year
A year ago at this time, only
6,070 votes were registered in the
first SGC election. The highest
number of votes cast in a student
government election on this cam-
pus was 8,500 in Student Legis-
lature's April, 1949, balloting.
Walper noted that as of last
night there were few. people to
man ballot boxes for. the noon
to 1 p.m. shift, but expressed con-
fidence that the committee would
find the necessary help by this
SGC incumbents running for
second Council terms are Bill Ad-
Here are available figures for
12 election vote totals since
Student Legislature originated
As indicated, the record was
set in April, 1949, when ap-
proximately 8,500 students went
to the polls.
December, 1947 . .f... 5,301
April, 1948 ............ 5,756,
April, 1949 ..... 8,500
November,'195# ........ 3,000
April, 1951............. 6,918
November, 1951 ........ 6,489
September, 1953 ........ 5,988
November, 1953 . ...... 6,489
March, 1954 ........... 6,091
December, 1954 .....6,741
March, 1955........... 6,070
November, 1955 .......... 7,120
ams, '57, Lewis Engman, '57, and
Tom Sawyer, '58.
Other Council candidates are
Jim Dygert, '56, Jerry Janecke, '58,
Nora Lee Paselk, '57, Irm Saulson,
'57, John Schubeck, '57, L,.eonard
Shlain, '58, Ronald Shorr, '58,
Georgia Strain, '57, Anne. Wood-
ard, '57. Richard Wright, '57, and
To Vote Approval
Hector Berlioz's "Requiem" will
be given a premiere performance
at the University when it is pre-
sented at 8:30 p.m. today in Hill
Under the direction of Prof.
Maynard Klein of the music school,
the program will be given by the
combined University choirs and
For his purposes, Berlioz found
that he needed 190 instruments
and 210 voices with additional tim-
pani and brass choirs.
.For the University's choir's per-
formance, 35 (nixed yoices, 75
orchestra members and an addi-
tional 30 members divided into
four brass choirs will be heard.
Eight timpani and three other per-
cussion instruments will be used.
The performance is open to the
public without charge.l
primarily in the acquisition of
knowledge in a particular subject
matter field, cannot be calculated
to have an equally fundamental
interest in the welfare of chil-
Objectors to the proposed code
state that it is "anti-intellectual,"
that in substituting. "broad con-
centration" subjects- like agricul-
ture, home economics, physical
education, ,industrial arts, librar-
ianship, art or special education,
for liberal arts subjects like his-
tory, English, mathematics and
science, the teacher's intellectual
maturity will never get beyond the
An instructor from an Ohio col-
lege reviewed the Michigan revi-
sions, and said "the proposal seems
to be an effort to make teachers
Further, it is a system designed
to confine a college education to
introductory courses in many dif-
ferent fields .. . the teacher will
never know what it means to ex-
plore anything in depth . . . as
his knowledge is to be carefully
The University's chapter of Am-
erican Association of University
Professors have approved the re-
cent report of the Committee on
Academic Freeddn and Tenure in
the Quest for National Security.
Prof. Ferrell Heady of the Polit-
ical Science Department, the Uni-
versity's delegate to the AAUP an-
nual meeting in St. Louis April 6,
has been instructed to approve the
report as it stands,
The Executive Committee of the
local branch took action on the
T h e i r statement commented,
"While there is some duestion in
the minds of the Executive Com-
mittee about certain minor points
in the section regarding the Uni-
versity, the members feel that the
report is in general judicious and
Members of the Executive Com-
mittee had no comment yesterday
on whatrthe "certain minor points"
The AAUP Committee for Aca-
demic Freedom released a report
last Wednesday on faculty civil
The report summarized faculty
incidents at 21 schools and univer-
sities, recommending censure for
five and commendation for six.
The University was one of ten
whose cases were reviewed but for
whom no recommendations were
The Academic Freedom com-
mittee recommendations do not
become official AAUP policy until
voted on at the annual meeting.
It is likely, though, the report
will be accepted as it stands.
"My Very Own," directed and
written by Beverly Canning, grad.,
will be presented by the Depart-
mn nf nP vnh n + R(Mm Wm,'
MERE MENIAL LABOR'
COed Prefers ean Cuttin Tshes
~'~'~" .e a n ...... ..... BY ERNEST THEODOSSIN
ne Rchtishelping to support herself by dissecting beans.
Miss Reichart, who works for the botany department, sends 15
Y h ur e c week working w ith lupine be n . E c Saturday, sh
spends eight hours dissecting epicotyls from the lupine beans.
Then she places the beans in a solutiQn in erlenmyer flasks.
Four days later she places them in other flasks, six per vessel.
Miss Reichart, who describes her job as "the mere menial labor
required in every research experiment," calls her work "very inter-
.I get to workdith graduate students ad meet some ally out
standing pol, h ad
A -- .-nother assistant works with Miss Rec.tAu hepeae l
of the solutions and does theaayig i job is muchmoec -
h m r c o-otpi'ca te .
rMisshReichart gt t bean dissectingjo b last September
~ through teia of e atye adviser. Before that, she had worked'