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FAIR AND CLOUDY
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.VOL. LXVI, No. 116 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, WEDNESDAY, MARCH 21, 1956
May Be Revised
Requires 50% More Professional
Training; Teachers Protest Change
(EDITOR'S NOTE: This is the first of a series on the proposed revision
of the Michigan teachers' certification code, up for hearings before the
state Boarfi of Education.)
By ADELAIDE WILEY
Final proposals for the revised Michigan teacher's certification
code have been put to the State Board of Education, and many
teachers are vehemently protesting the revision.
Those who know about the new code say it will make extensive,
even "sensational" changes in Michigan's educational system.
Various University faculty members will present their opinions
and protest§ at the regional hearing on the code next. Monday in
.Subcommittee: 5 Years' Work '
The final report on the teacher's code came to the 16-member
advisory committbe to the State Board Dec. 5, 1955 from the subcom-
mittee which has worked five years on the revisions.
'As summed up in a report by a committee of the Michigan'
Federation of Teachers, the outstanding changes are as follows:
1) Professional education: the present code requires a minimum
of 20 semester hours in education courses, including practice teaching.
'The proposed code would require a
PROF. SIDNEY FINE of the history department addressed the
organizational meeting of Students for Stevenson. Also at the.
table is Ralph Goldberg, '56, temporary chairman of the meeting.
Prof. Fine Tells Club
How Stevenson Can Win
Prof. Sidney Fine of the history department told the organiza-
tional meeting of Students For Stevenson last night how their candi-
date might be able to win in November.
The club's new president, Dave Marlin, '57L, said he was im-
pressed by the turnout of approximately 50 students and called
the meeting a "good start toward effective political action on campus."
Prof. Fine said that "if Stevenson can hold the South and win
the border states-which Democratic candidates traditionally do-
and pick up a few farm states, he's in business."
While conceding that "at the present time Eisenhower is enjoying
a tremendous advantage," the historian reminded the new club
members that former President
Spring is Here; No Fanfare
WASHINGTON ()-The 156-
day Westinghouse Electric Corp.
strike, the nation's longest major
walkout in two decades, was set-
tled last night.
Company and union officials put
their signatures on a new five-
year contract in, a ceremony with
Director Joseph F. Finnegan of
the Federal, Mediation Service.
His agency patiently guided the
disputants to their settlement.
Conference Board Gives OK
Final agreement came when the
Westinghouse Conference Board
of the strilking AFL-CIO Inter+.
national Union of Electrical Work-
ers gave the deal an okay.
The company had agreed es-
sentlally to' the settlement, pro-
posed by the government, two
' weeks ago but agreed to; some
minor changes to meet union ob-
These mainly concerned provi-
sions for reinstatement consider-
ation of 36 workers discharged
for alleged violence during the
An arbitrator will have the final
say-so on whether they are retired.
The settlement ended the IUE
phase of the strike so far as about
45,000 workers were concerned.
UEW Needs Separate Negotiations
But it left in effect a strike of
10,000 additional Westinghouse
workers, members of independent
United Electrical Workers. This
requires separate negotiations.
More than half the UE strikers
are employed at Ph.iladelphia.
The new contract gives IUE
workers annual raises of ifrom 5
to 22 cents an hour during the
five-year contract, which runs to
October 1960, dating from last
It also provides pension, insur-
ance and grants handling im-
In Bus Boycott
MONTGOMERY, Ala. (P) -
State's attorneys sought to show
yesterday that Negroes have been
threatened for riding busese dur-
ing the segregation boycott in
1 Montgomery, but only part of the
testimony along that line was al-
Circuit Judge Eugene Carter,
presiding at the trial of Rev. Mar-
tin Luther King, Jr., one of 90
Negroes indicted on boycotting
charges, threw out the entire tes-
timony of one Negro witness who
said his life had been threatened.
But the judge permitted two
other Negroes to testify about
threats they said they received.
At the samie time, defenseattor-
neys brought from one prosecution
witness a statement that Negro
ministers he had heard speak at
mass meetings during the boycott
minimum of 30 semester hours in!
education courses, including prac-
2) Specialization: the present
code provides for specialization in
major and minor subject matter
areas for a total minimum of 54
Dispense With Specialization
The proposed code would dis-
pense with major and minor sub-
ject matter specialization as such
and substitutes 30 semester hours
in a "broad area of concentration"
which would cover several related
subject fields as determined by the
sponsoring teacher-training insti-
3) Degree requirements: A min-
imum ofa bachelor'sadegree plus
10 semester hours of added course.
work is now required for the grant-
ing of a permanent-type certificate
whereas the new code would ask a
Master's degree or its equivalent
as a condition for the granting of a
4) General education: There
are no requirements in the present
code for general education but the
proposed code would: require a
minimum of 40 hours in general
education as condition for the
granting of a provisional-type cer-
'Broid Concentration Area'
-I defining the "broad area of
concentration" that takes the place
of the major and minor system,
and which covers "two or more
related subject fields," the new
code specifies the ten fields of
agriculture, art, business educa-
tion (including economics), home
economics, industrial arts, librari-
anship, music, physical education,
special education (including spe-
cific and related fields), and trade
and industrial education.
Among several protests put out
by rganizations throughout the
state is one by the Michigan Con-
ference of the American Assoia1-
tion of University professors.
No Need For Sweeping Changes
Stating that "There is no . .
need for immediate sweeping
changes in the present code," I
also says the new code wa not
prepared by a representative group
of educators, such as high school
superintendents, public school
teachers and people from college
In addition, the AAUP is against
the decreased training in major
fields and the "invasion of insti-
tutional autonomy and of faculty
control of curricula," by the new
code's tendency to "prescribe the
curricula for prospective teachers."
The AAUP statement was made
by instructors from Michigan
State, Kalamazoo, Michigan Nor-
mal, Wayne and Prof. Stanley E.
Dimond of the University Educa-
To Be Put on Sale
Blue leather booklets, engraved
announcements and calling cards
-all part of the commencement
regulia-are now on sale to gradu-
ating seniors in the Administra-
tion Bldg. lobby,
Members of Senior Board will
man the booth from 1-5 p.m. to-
day through Friday and from April
9-11 takim nacmts -...r ar fn
Harry Brothers of the Wash-
tenaw County Republican Labor
Committee told a story here last
night that the Hennings Coin-
mittee in Washington wouldn't
Brothers is a laborer at the GM
Willow Run plant, a Republican,
and an attacker of ends and means
of the AFL-CIO's political Action
This is the story Brothers re-
lated to the Young Republican
Club last night: Union members
must contribute to the AFL-CIO
Citizenship fund or lose their jobs;
this money and other voluntary
contributions are used by the
union's Political Action Committee
to support Democratic political
"The union has ;not attempted
to deny this," said Brothers, "but
has tried to rationalize it. They
say, that majority rules in union
decisions and the Corrupt Prac-
tices Act that outlaws such pro-
cedure is unconstitution)Al."
Brothers mentioned SenatorMc-
Namara's and Governor William's
'52, campaigns as instances where
union money had been used in
such a way.
WASHINGTON "(M---A fiareup
between Sens. Paul Douglas (D-
Ill.) and Price Daniel (D-Tex.)
marked Senate debate yesterday on
a proposed constitutional amend-
ment to change the electoral col-
lege system for the election of
presidents and vice presidents.
Harry Truman's chances "were
discounted more heavily in 1948
than Stevenson's are today."
He listed as some of the impond-
erables in the- coming campaign
the permanence of the peace and
prosperity issues, the amount of
discontent over the Administra-
tion's farm and conservation poli-
cies, the reaction to the President's
health and the Republican Vice-
Presidential candidate,, and the
size of the vote in November.
Reminding the club members
that Stevenson's nomination is
not a cei'tainty, Prof. Fine said
he has to "win fairly decisively"
in the Minnesota primary to retain
his lead for the Democratic nomi-
nation. "When you're a front-
runner, you've got to keep on win-
He balled Stevenson 'the only
Democratic nominee in sight who
stands any chance of defeating
NICOSIA, Cyprus OP)-Hundreds
of young Turkish Cypriots stoned
and looted Greek Cypriot shops
here yesterday in reprisal for anti-
Turkish rioting at the village of
They battled police and troops
who tried to intervene and shook
off the effects of round after round
of tear gas fired at them during
a three-hour demonstration.
They finally heeded an appeal of
Dr. Fazil Kucuk, leader of the is-
land's Turkish minority, and dis-
The fighting centered in Ataturk
Square, named after Kamal Ata-
turk, founder of modern Turkey.
The neighborhood is predominate-
The narrow streets were littered
with broken glass, wrecked furni-
ture, scattered books and papers
and telephones and fans.
By ALLAN STILLWAGON
We've been waiting all winter,
and she finally came, just like
the man at the airport promised.
Spring made her maidenly en-
trance at 10:21 a.m. 'Yesterday
"without fanfare or rioting in the
streets. But everybody was ready
for her. Though she failed to com-
pletely change the weather scene,
some have already found signsof
better things to come.
Crowds in the Mason Hall Lobby
have been thinning as it becomes
more socially. correct to stop in
the sunshine outside.
Professors throw open windows,
and everyone is convinced that
there is definitely a "Spring Smell"
in the -wind. Coats are not tossed
off, but plenty of wintry attitudes
O' Restless Feeling
That old restless feeling comes
creeping back, revealing itself in
the wandering of couples dreaming
of ice cream cones, bathing suits,
and Arboretum treks. A dignified
University woman glanced fur-
tively around and guiltily /gave in
to an urge to skip the last few
feet of the diagonal.
One crew-headed Varsity man
blushed, as he was caught kicking
a stone down the street. Botany
students turned wistfully from
their cottage cheese cartons and
scanned the oozing earth for a
sign of the first crocus.
Student Government Council
will consider Review Board recom-
mondations to be presented in a
letter at today's meeting at 7:30
p.m. in the Cave Room of the
Council President Hark Berliner,
'56, will read the letter of ampli-
fication and report on the Board's
action upholding SGC's approval
of spring rushing for sororities.
The letter is expected to contain
recommendations on future policy
regarding study committees and
Council policy on 'non-student
A report on the relations of SGC
and the Human Relations Board
will also be given along with a
progress report on the Student
Bob Leacock, '57, will present a
motion calling for a University
Academic Freedom Week with a
scheduled all-campus forum pan-
eled by students and faculty. The
Week would be held April 9-16.
} -Daily-D1ic uasiU
'TWILL SOON BE SHIRTSLEEVE TIME
The baseball team took vicious
swings at the bail ,eager to getI
outside where they belonged. More
than one Stockwell resident noticedI
that the sun set later than usualt
over Burton Tower and then took
a long w'ondering look at the stars
that were clearer than in the last
Dogs gamboled on the lawns,
and many a mind romped with
A few patches of grubby snow
still lay!in the mud, but they worel
a doomed look.
Coney Island Will. Light Up
Transplants from the Big City
remembered that Coney Island
would light up soon, and others saw4
rich, black dirt being pushed aside
by giant plows.
After dark, many South Quad-
rians laid their books down for a
minute, and looked' out over the
stadium at the long string of head-
lights on the highway. The sound
of a train whistle came through the
It is just the beginning of better
weather, but hope is firmly en-
trenched in the hearts of, those
hereabouts. One winsome creature
summed the situation up between
licks bf a chocolate ice cream
cone,. "Winter is o.k., but when
first days like these come along,
7 Out of '
Ike Far in Lead
By The Associated Press
MINNEAPOLIS - Reports fromr
the Minnesota Primary elections
early this morning showed 2,023
of 3,868 precincts reporting-with
Senator Estes Kefauver leadini
Adlai Stevenson by a vote of 14,-
487 to 103,541.
These figures indicate that Se:."
MINNEAPOLIS ()- Steven-
son forces conceded victory late
last night to Sen. Estes Kefauv-
Pr in Minnesota's vital Demo-
cratic presidential primary
It was a stunning upset vic-
tory for the Tennessee seniitr,
compounded of votes from both
Republicans and Democrats.
Kefauver is leading in7 Out of/ 9
Congressional Districts. At thi
rate, 14 of the 18 congressional
district votes, as well as all 12
large" votes will go to sen. -
Sen. Kefauver was making hi
showing both in rural areas, where
her was expected to run strongly k
and in metropolitan centers, where
The first 70 precincts from St
Paul, which virtually had been
conceded to Stevenson, put Kefau.
ver into surprising slight lead of
10,691 to 10;017.
On ,the Republican side, Pres.
Dwight D. Eisenhower marched fai
out in front of Sen. William F.
Knowland of California. This was
according to form, since there was
On the same terms, Eisenhower
was collecting two Republican con-
vention votes from each of the
nine - districts and 10 from the
state at large.
The voting ended Tuesday night
with evidence of Rlepublican inva-
sions of the IDemocratic battle.
In a few instances, Republican
voters nullified their ballots by at-.
tempting to write in votes for Vc
President Nixon for second places
on the GOP ticket. There is no
space on the ballot for votes for
vice presidential choices or for
write-ins for them.
The future of polio vaccines
looks very hopeful, Dr. Thomas
Francis, Jr. stated yesterday ,in
the seventh annual Gudakunst
"The studies of the effects of
last year's inoculations confirm
the favorable reports given out be-
fore," Dr. Francis said.
He pointed out that unvacci-
nated children have contracted
polio from two to ten times more
frequently than vaccinated ones
of the came age group.
"Investigations have failed to
show that an inoculation can in-
cite the disease," he said. "If such
a things has ever happened it was
something we could not discover
even with the most persistent
"At the Center we instituted a
strict and rigidly controlled pro-
gram," he said in the speech. "So
that there could be no even un-
conscious bias in the examining
doctors we let no one know which
children got the vaccine."
I'm ready for
Activities .Booklet Cost"
By RENE GNAM
Over $1,500 will be saved on the total costs of the Student Activi-
Policy Committee of Student Government Council, meeting in
Quonset Hut A last night, decided to do their own page makeup and
composing, thus saving $1,000.
By setting right-hand margins for the booklet, the committee
will cut another $500 from the costs.
Total Costs: $1,500
Total costs of the 120-page booklet are expected to be approxi-
" mately $1,500, which SGC has de-
cided to spend on the booklet.
Policy Committee members also
decided to publish the booklet once
1u each year, rather than wthe pro-
posed biannual printing. It was
decided that 'biannual printing
would not enable campus organi-
zations to give up-to-date. data in
Rod Blackman, '58, editor of the
booklet, announced that consider-
able space in the descriptions of
campus activities would be devot-
ed to the following points: history,
purpose, activities, how the indi-
vidual can join, benefits he will
derive location and officers.
April 16 is the deadline for all
copy for the booklet.
SOMETIMES JUNK DEALER:
'Pick Up Some Scrap Metal Ai
(EDITOR'S NOTE: This is the second in a series of
articles on students who earn extra money on unique jobs.)
-By ERNEST THEODOSSIN
"Pick up some scrap metal and sell it" is Wayne Marine's success
formula for earning extra money,
Marine, a pharmacy sophomore and sometime junk dealer, put
the idea into practice during high school days.
"My buddy and I needed some extra cash, so we cleaned out his
dad's garage and sold all the old junk," Marine said, "Since then
we've been doing it about twice a semester."
Marine finds the call of the junk dealer "very profitable." "You
can make about $10 per load usually. If you really get to work, you can,
make $30 a day easily."
For the would-be junk dealer, Marine recommends a drive in the
country for securing goods. "Farmers are always throwing out broken-
down machinery. You can pick that up easily. The best thing to do
'U' To Cover Mailing
Joe Collins, '58, chairman ofa
the Policy Committee, said the
University would cover costs of
mailing the booklet if it can be
completed and in the hands of
the University by July 1. It would
then be included in packets mailed
RM , M m= W'l !-',*"-- '.-,'l