- EDITED AND MANAGED BY STUDENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN
Are Free, UNDER AUTHORITY OF BOARD IN CONTROL OF STUDENT PUBLICATIONS
revan STUDENT PUBLICATIONS BLDG. s ANN ARBOR, MICH. * Phone NO 2-3241
inted in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers or
the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.
MIARCH 15. 1956 NIGHT EDITOR, LEE MARKS
bt SGC Control Would Hurt
uman Relations Board Aims
"You're Creating Chaos And Confusion And Hate!"
\ - ' _
v - t 3
y~ i' _, r
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4 Y 4 .:.
K was too well done.
audience, preoccupied with de-
interest, a report was given at
a week ago by the Human Re-
and subsequent, action taken by
> be forgotten, and for that reas-
:ent. That night SGC delegated
t Representtion Committee the
igating the degree of power the
-exercise over the Human Rela-
s an independent department of
to Cinema Guild. Working in
ecific complaints, the Board in-
ns of discrimination against stu-,
nn Arbor -area.
nt in Charge of Student Affairs,
three businessmen, and seven
uding a foreign student and a,
up the 11-member ,body.
education have been the watch-
Board's success. Names of the
,arber shops, and 'U' adminis-
d in discrimination against Ne-
y weren't given at SGC's meet-
success this year; when compared
efforts in this field, is unique.
7ith those guilty have sufficed to
es. But members of the Board
that businessmen and adminis-
use confidence in the Board and
ition once SGC pries cases into
the Board have also said that
e responsible only to the student
h concern only for the welfare
s. They are right. .
MRS of SOC are overtly fretting
fear that action by such an in-
ard reflects on the Council. In.
hould be nothing but a positive
he elimination of discrimination
-ently positive. Who would criti-
ng of discrimination barriers?
aternity members on SGC are
about the Board's autonomy lest
ition investigations touch a soft
spot. But that this fear should hamstring the
effectiveness of the Board in investigating dis-
crimination, as manifested in places of business
and within the University, is grossly unneces-
If SGC wishes closer liaison with the Board
(it now controls the membership and appro-
priates finances) it can be done without crip-
pling the autonomy and thus the effectiveness
of the Board. Why couldn't a member of
SGC's administrative wing sit with the Board
as a silent-tongued overseer?
SGC has not taken restrictive action against
the Board yet, but comment isn't premature.
We must wait until March 21, for the Student
Representation Committee to present their
study on the proper SGC-Board relationship.
Consensus now is that the reins will unfor-
tunately be tightened on a job well done.
New Trial in Ole Miss;
Same Court, Same Verdict
LAST December Elmer Otis Kimbell, a White
man shot and killed Clinton Melton, a
Negro gas attendant in Glendora, Mississippi.
There had been an argument over putting gas
into Kimbell's car. Two white witnesses were
on the scene, and testified to the shooting.
Kimbell's defense was that Melton shot at
him first. Both witnesses denied this, how-
ever, and no gun was found on or near Melton's
A 12-man all-white Mississippi jury, in the
same Sumner courtroom where J. W. Milam
and Roy Bryant were found innocent six months
ago of the slaying of Negro Emmett Till, issued
Kimbell was not guilty.
After the trial newsmen interviewed Kim-
bell, a 35-year-old cotton gin operator who
wiped his brow and said:
"I wasn't sure justice would be done, but
I should have known."
Yes, Mr. Kimbell, you should have known--
killing Negroes is legal in Mississippi.
- k $ v,
4 ti ~
dUS(CLNIER LAW V
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- ( I :E~t C. GSGAG-
Predictsy SheWp in Cabinet
By DREW PEARSON
'THE OX-BOW INCIDENT" is a
classic. It is great because
while seemingly trying to do very
little, it accomplishes very much.
It takes a small incident, isolates
it in time and space, and sensi-
tively probes it to its very limits.
It begins sundown one after-
noon; it ends the following morn-
ing. A group of men in a small Ne-
vada town mount their horses and
ride out to find some rustlers and
murderers and give them their just
desserts, namely hanging them.
They find three men, decide these
are the men they are looking for,
and they lynch them. And from
this narrow framework comes a
superbly conceived piece of film
* * *
LYNCHING IS IMMORAL, and
the movie makes this point. But
what lifts this film from the ser-
non level is its treatment of the
men who create the Incident. We
see the Confederate colonel run-
ning the lynch mob to bring glory
to himself, bringing his weak son
along with the hope' that taking
part in such a noble venture as a
lynching will make his son a man.
We see the town drunkard who is
looking for the thrills and the
humor of the affair. We see the
friend who must avenge the mur-
der, and in so avenging prove his
own power, righteousness and su-
And we see the rest of them: a
mob who, with five ways of occu-
pying their time in town ("You
can eat, sleep, drink, play poker,
or fight"), chooses a sixth and
more tragic pastime.
THE CHARACTERS -in them-
selves are complicated and puzzling
personalities. Why does the il-
lustrious Southern colonel come
to settle in such a backwoods West-
ern town? Why the unexplained
conflicts between certain members
of the' mob? But the puzzles are
neversolved, and the picture is
the better for'this.
The power of this film comes
from the fact that it limits itself.
Characters are never developed
further than the needs of the
theme dictate. The men move
only along the paths prescribed by
(EDITOR'S NOTE: 'The Ox-
Bow Incident' opens Saturday at
Lloyd to Receive
First Major Test
The first major test of Britain's
new Foreign Secretary Selwyn
Lloyd will 'come when Khrushchev
and Bulganin visit London in April.
It will also be, in a way, a test
of his relations with his Prime
Minister. There was little con-'
cealment about the fact that Eden
and Macmillan had had serious
differences of opinior about the
way in which Russia should be
confronted after the failure of the
Geneva Foreign Ministers' Con-
THE Daily Official Bulletin is an
official publication of the University
of Michigan for which the Michigan
Daily assumes no editorial responsi-
bility. Notices should be sent in
TYPEWRITTEN form to Room 3553
Administration Building before 2 p.m.
the day preceding publication. Notices
for the Sunday edition must be in by
2 p.m. Friday.
THURSDAY, MARCH 15, 1956
VOL. LXVIII, NO. 27
Friday, March 16, Junior College, UnIv
vgrsity of Michigan Conference. Regis. ,
tration, 9-10 a.m., Michigan League.
10-12 a.m. - Discussion sessions, class
visitations, individual conferences for
Junior College faculty with University
faculty. 12:10 - Luncheon, Michigan
League Ballroom. 1:45-3:30 -- Depart-
Fishing Clinic Sat., March 17, 12:30
to 6 p.m. in Waterman and Barbour
Gyms. Auspices Dept. of Fisheries,
School of Natural Resources.
NCAA Hockey Tournament in Colo-
rado Springs will be broadcast by
WUOM (91.7 mnc FM) at 10:00 p.m. EST
Fri., March 16 and Sat., March 17.
Late Permission: All women students
who attended the virtuosi Di Roma
Concert on Tues., March 13, had 11:15
p.m. late permission.
All Petitions for the $100 Mortarboard
Scholarship must be turned in to the
Under Grad Office in the League by
5:00 p.m. Friday. Any junior woman
may petition for this scholarship which
will be awarded on the basis of scholar-
ship, campus activities, and financial
need. Interviewing from 7 to 1 a.m.
Monday, March 19 in the League.
The following student sponsored social
events are approved for the coming
weekend. Social chairmen are reminded
that requests for approval for social
events are due in the Office of Student
Affairs not later than 12:00 noon on the
Tuesday prior to the event.
March 16: Alpha Epsilon P, Delta
Theta Phi, Gilbert and Sulliian Society,
Kappa Kappa Gamma and Alpha Phi.
Mosher Hall, Phi Delta Phi, Phi Sigma
March 17: Alpha Kappa Kappa, Alpha
Kappa Psi, Beta Theta PI, Chi Phi, Delta
Chi, Delta Tau Delta, Delta Thetapi
Delta Upsilon, Evans Scholars, Hawaii
Club, Jordan Hall, Kappa Alpha Psi,
Kappa Sigma, Nu Sigma Nu, Phi Alpha
belta, Phi Alpha Kappa, Phi Ch, Phi
Delta Phi, Phi Delta Theta, Phi Gamma
Delta, Phi Kappa Psi, Phi Kappa Sigma,
Phi Rho Sigma, Sigma Alpha Epsilon,
Sigma Chi, Sigma Nu, Sigma Phi, Sigma
Phi Epsilon, Tau Kappa Epsilon, Theta
Chi, Theta -Delta Chi, Theta Xi, Tri.
angle, Trigon, van Tyne, Zeta Psi.
March 18: Phi Delta Phi.
Kappa Delta Alumnae Scholarship
Award of $150 will be made payable at
the time of Registration for the 1956-57
academic year. Given to any sophomore
or junior woman who is a regularly en
roiled student at the University o
Michigan, on the basis of scholarship,
activity record, and' need. Apply at the
Officeof the Dean of Women by March
19. The winner will be announced on
Installation Night, April 16.
Jimmie Ernst, American painter and
designer, will speak on "Current Work"
Fri., March 16 at 4:15 p.m. in the Archi-
tecture Auditorium. Sponsored by the
Department of Art. Public invited.
Astronomy Department Visitors'
Night. Fri., March 16, 8:00 p.m., Room
2003 Angell Hall. Dr. Lawrence H. Aler
will talk oh "venus and the Moon,
Our Nearest Nelbhgors." After the talk
the Student Observatory on the fifth
floor of Angell Hall will be open for
inspection and for telescopic observa-
tions of the Moon, venus, and Jupiter.
(Continued on Page 6)
TODAY AND TOMORROW:
The Mounting Disorder
THE MEN around Ike have de-
cided on a major shake-up of
the Eisenhower Cabinet. As a start
toward clearing the decks for ac-
tion in the coming Presidential
campaign they plan to unload a
total of four members of the Cabi-
net, the first having already been
announced-Secretary of the In-
terior Douglas McKay.
They will be unloaded adroitly
and diplomatically, and this col-
umn unquestionably will be denied.
Nevertheless, the fact remains that
the men who are steering Ike's
campaign are deadly serious and
don't plan to let ;any deadwood or
money-business interfere with vic-
tory in November.
In addition to Secretary McKay,
the Cabineteers they have marked
for the ax are:
Sinclair Weeks, Secretary of
Commerce-who in inner White
House circles is sometimes referred
to as the man who stayed too long.
He joined the Cabinet with the
expectation of staying one year
and has been here three. He lkes
Washington. But the powers-that-
be at the White House don't like
l(m. Also his ambitious Under-
secretary, Walter Williams of
Washington State, had long ex-
pected to step into his shoes.
Finally, "Sinny" has had the big
business label so unmistakenly
pinned on him that it's decided he
will have to -go.
* * *
CHARLIE WILSON, Secretary of
Defense will also be a casualty,
though not a forced one. There
are mixed views about Wilson in-
side the Eisenhower high com-
mand. He is considered a strong
man as far as the Cabinet is con-
cerned, though not strong politi-
cally. He has put his foot in his
mouth too many time with kennel
dogs and what's good for General
Motors statements; also is too
closely stamped with the big busi-
The manner in which these res-
ignations will come about is illus-
trated in what happened in the
case of "Generous Doug" McKay.
* * *
THE STRATEGY was worked
out by Assistant President Sher-
man Adams, Attorney General
Brownell, GOP Chairman Len Hall,
and Secretary of the Treasury
George Humphrey. These are the!
right powers of President Eisen-
hower; the general staff which
runs his administration just as
General Bedell Smith and General
Omar Bradley ran 'his combat
strategy during and after the Nor-
At a meeting of these four it was
decided that McKay should leave
the cabinet though leave on a
polite and cordial note.
Adams and Hall then approach-
ed the affable and unsuspecting
Secretary of the Interior. They
did not force him to resign. They
did a Lyndon Johnson on him-
they "sweet talked" him. They
talked about the need of a strong
man to run against Senator Wayne
Morse in Oregon. They told how
the President had set an example
by running himself; therefore it
was McKay's duty to knock
off the Senator-Wayne Morse-
who had turned against the Presi-
McKay, softened but not entirely
agreeable, still required a talk with
Eisenhower himself to bring him
around. Six weeks earlier, 'the
president had phone Governor
Paul Patterson of Oregon to ask
him to run against Morse, and a
week after Patterson consented
he had died of a heart attack,
Ike was loath to urge McKay to
run. However, Adams and Len
Hall advised that it must be done.
Besides, the President dislikes
Wayne Morse more than any other
public figure save Harry Truman.
So Secretary McKay had an 11
a.m. Thursday appointment with
Ike, after which he denied that
Ike had asked him to run 1
(Copyright 1956, by Bell Syndicate, Inc.)
ARICA and the Middle Eas
the Persian Gulf, the thre
ire under attack in all th
power and influence. Th
rrilla warfare as in Alge
nn Cyprus, by a threat of'
by infiltration and subver
yria, and the Persian Gu
midst the mounting disor
re is being posed the crucia
ier these local but connecte
1 negotiable by concessio
by the use of statesmansh
growing doubtasg to whet
to achieve agreed settle
the contrary there
lutionary tide which will
I in this area the power of;
and the United States ha
n is whether the Arab rul
eir officers and intellectua
ything short of the expul
North Africa, Britain fro
terranean and the Persian
n of Israel as an indep
e reduction of the United
n of a hired servant of the
Paris, and Washington th
still trying desperately
ettlements by negotiation
g forced to ask themselves1
:nent is anything- more th
oint for new demands, w
Lent will in fact appease.
it with the Westerners still
........"!..":... . Editorial
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a . Associate Sport
>..!". ..,..+..Associate Sport
.. . }}}" - ..... Wnmen'
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... .... . AdvertisingD
By WALTER LIPPMANN I
st, from to seek settlements by negotiation, they find
e West- themselves treating the local struggles separ-
ieir key ately. Morocco, Algeria, and Tunis are held
hey are to be French problems. Cyprus, Jordan, and
ria, by the Persian Gulf protectorates are British prob-
war as lems. Palestine and Saudi-Arabia are held to
sion as be primarily American problems.
der and THE WESTERNERS are treating as a -,series
al ques- of localized issues and by separate actions
ed con- what is a wide and generalized movement
ns and against them collectively. This general move-
ip and ment has its center in Egypt and derives its
critical power from the backing of the Soviet
ier it is Union. The Kremlin is not only armin~g Egypt.
tements It is interposing its own power to frustrate re-
is an sistance and opposition to Egypt. Yet the
1 allow Allied diplomacy in its attempts to negotiate
France, is dealing almost entirely with local leaders.
as been The prospect of achieving pacification by
a series of local settlements are very dim in-
.ers and deed. The basic issues are not really local, or.
als will even regional. They are worldwide, involving
ls, will all the great powers. Even when local chief-
sion of tans and leaders are disposed, as they are
nmulh, now and then, to strike a bargain, they are
pn Gulf, prevented from settling by the pressure of the
e Staest general anti-Western movement.
[ States Local settlements are, moreover, inordinately7
Saudi- difficult because there are in most of these old
protectorates local vested interests which are
he gov- uncompromising. . This has been most mani-
not to fest in French North Africa. But there is a
. .But similar condition elsewhere. This damages
wheth- deeply the Western cause. Thus the Western-
'an the ers do not concede enough to win the good
vhether opinion of the uncommitted nations.
The question which must now come to every-
bound one's mind is whether an attempt might and
should be made to negotiate collectively at a
higher level-with the real leaders of the Arab
movement and with the Kremlin. As a series
of local conflicts the situation is disintegrat-
ing, and it could readily become one of such
massive revolutionary violence that not only
the Western powers but the local Arab rulers
would be overwhelmed by it.
g Editor The Western policy has been to deal with
y Editor the Middle East as if the Soviet Union were
e Editor not present in the region, were not already in-
e Editor fact a principal power. This enables the Sovi-
e Editor et Union to operate without being called to
to Editor tdl
is Editor account, and things have been going steadily
ts Editor against the West, from bad to worse.
s Editor (1956, New York Herald Tribune Inc.)
ograpberNew Books at the Library
Gooch, Bernard-The Strange World of Na-
Manager ture; N. Y., Thomas Crowell, 1955.
Manager Anthony, Evelyn-Far Flies the Eagle; N. Y.,
INTRIGUING ADVENTURE? FASCINATING?
Cab Driving Great For Getting Campus Gossip
By JIM DYGERT
Daily City Editor
RIVING a taxi-cab has al-
ways been accepted by the
multitude as an occupation of in-
triguing adventure and fascinat-
Anyone can tell you about the
strange and unusual characters
who come in contact with cab driv-
ers. Literature is chock full of ac-
counts of the nefarious creatures
and mystifying events in a cab-
bie's life, many of which proceed-
ed from bona fide cab drivers who
were fortunate enough to discover
an adequatesghost writer as one
of their fares.
Everyone knows that two months
as a cab driver would provide him
with enough hair-raising and eye-
opening escapes from boredom to
last him the rest of his life. Ask
any cab driver and he'll tell you.
It isn't true.
It's, just hard work. After driv-
ing a cab on choice nights of the
week in Ann Arbor since January,
that's the only conclusion I can
FIRST OF ALL, no night is the
same and yet they're all the same.
You rarely get the same fares, and
some nights are busier than others.
(I had classes during the day. I
knew one cabbie that worked days
and parked his cab when he had
a class, but he needed the money
more than I did.)
Every night you drive around
town like a cab driver for a half-
hour and then do nothing for a
half hour. That's why they're the
mrnrpn -inirnnight-+. vn 1avon
cord all your fares and their desti-
nations. Also your badge, a pock-
etful of silver, and (never forget
it) a street guide.
First thing you do upon leav-
ing the garage is pick up the
speaker on the two-way radio and
let the dispatcher, who is usually
a woman on the afternoon shift,
know the number of your cab, who
you are, and, of course, the fact
that you've left the garage.
Then you pull onto the cab-stand
next to Kresge's five and ten,
which fact you' also tell the dis-
patcher. Next you settle back and
watch the people walk by. But
no people walk by.
ONE OF TWO things can hap-
pen next. Either the dispatcher
sends you to a bar one block over
or someone jumps into the back
seat and announces he has to
make the train.
If the latter, you tell the dis-
patcher that you are leaving the
stand and where you are going.
It is very important that you let
the dispatcher know where you
are at all times, so that she can
send you to a phone-call fare in
your vicinity. Besides, if you don't,
she gets mad.
You take the guy to the .train
depot where he pays his fare (it's
against local tradition to tip). You
reason that since he had to make
a train, there must be one coming
in. After a while, you learn the
train schedules and merely find
out whether they will be on time.
Anyway, you park on the stand at
the depot and wait for the train.
(You always park at the nearest
stand unless you know there will
hA mm- A h1cnocc a+ nnthar nna a
NOW HERE'S WHERE things
can get complicated. Say you've
got two co-eds in the cab, one go-
ing to Alice Lloyd and one to
Stockwell. Neither of them are
unusual characters. In fact, they're
Anyway, on your way to the
dorms, the dispatcher asks for a
cab near the hospital. You hop
on the radio and say, '55 complet-
ing Alice Lloyd." (You're not, real-i
ly, but it's closer to the hospital
than Stockwell. Also, if your cab
is a number different from 55, you
don't say "55".)
The dispatcher, happy at finding
a cab near the hospital (you have
only eight blocks to go), directs
you to Jordan. You repeat the
directions (so she knows that you
know what you're doing) into the
radio speaker, all the time trying
to untangle yout arms, the cord
of the speaker and the steering
Finally, you dump the second
girl at' Stockwell. You put, the
gears into reverse and back up
to Jordan (illegal, but the cops ex-
Pect it from a cabbie).
No sooner does the couple at
Jordan get in and direct you to
the hockey rink than the dispatch-
er needs a cab on Green Street,
which is near the colliseum. So
you go through the same riga-
marole with the radio, the arms
and the steering wheel again.
This goes on for a half-hour or
an hour and then everything stops
dead. And you set your cab on
a stand for a while and listen to
the dispatcher joke with some of
the drivers. What makes it bad
is that thev're all private iokes.
. "the clutch has maybe a
week to go,,
There was one lady who got in
with her daughter one night and
cursed a blue streak at me for not
getting there in time for her to
buy liquor before 11 p.m. From
what I could tell, she didn't need
any. She settled for beer and
tipped me a nickel.
There was also one case I have
never been able to understand. A
man got in at the Kresge stand
downtown and directed me out
Packard. When we got to Hill St.,
he asked me to turn left. He
asked for a left again at E. Uni-
versity, and said to drive slow.
As we approached S. University,
he said, "All right," and directed
me to an address on N. Fourth
Ave. which was back past the
Kresge stand. Needless to say, I
was suspicious, though I didn't
know exactly what about. He, too,
tipped me a nickel.
AND, OF COURSE, there are the
drunks. But they're not fun;
they're obnoxious. One night I
learned the life story of a war
veteran who had decided, under
the influence of alcohol, that it
was a mistake to get married. One
rule with drunks is that you al-
ways agree with them, even if they
insist a competing cab company
gives better service.
But most of it is routine. Pick-
ing up fares, letting them out and
writing it all down on the trip
It does have a couple advan-
tages, however. You do get paid.
And it's surprising what people
will say in a taxi-cab, oblivious to
the driver. I picked up quite a bit
-of campus gossip. Who's dating
whom and things like that.
"Fifty-five," I answered. "I
thought maybe my radio had gone
"No. I'm still here," she as-'
"Oh," I said, ending the con-
* * *
THERE ARE some times when
you can be sure it will be busy.
Like 10:30 on weekdays and 12:30
on weekends. After a while, you
develop a technique of driving that
will scare any co-ed away from
waiting so long to call a cab.
When it rains on a week-end
night, you've got it made. As you
leave Dorm Hill at 12:31, arms
wave and whistles shriek desper-
ately for you, but you just grin
sadistically and drive on, for your
cbh- ale~adv full.