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March 06, 1956 - Image 4

Resource type:
Michigan Daily, 1956-03-06

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Sixty-Sixth Year

n Opinions Are Free,
ruth Will Prevail"

Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers or
the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.
The Luey Dilemma-Two Views

NAACP Should Keep
Demanding Rights
JHETHER the NAACP has acted foolhardily
and impatiently or not down Tuscaloosa
ray, they have justification.
For Autherine Lucy, the National Associa-
ion for the Advancement of Colored People
s only seeking something that belongs to her
-the right to an "equal and integrated" edu-
This right was belatedly given her by the
Supreme Court of the Land from its inter-
retation of the Supreme Law of the Land--
he Constitution. It is Autherine's right.
Sentences °from the Constitution are re-
reshing on this point, but at the same time
hey conjure up doubts as to the stability and
neaning of our greatest heirloom:
"go State shall make or -enforce any law
Nhich shall abridge the privileges or ih-
unities of citizens of the United States; nor
hall any State deprive any person of life,
.berty, or property, without due process of
aw; nor deny to any person within its juris-
iction the equal protection of the laws.
"The Constitution ... shall be the supreme
Law of-the Land."
MTHEN THESE WORDS are laid next to the
contemporary situations today, they ap-
'ear full of half-truth. In the minds of for-
igners and in our minds this paradox raises
ad questions. What does American demo-
racy mean? How supreme is the Constitu-
[on and the Court? Why are some Americans
ess equal than others?
That an "equal" American should be as-
ailed. for prematurely asking integrated and
qual dormitory and dining room facilities
s a violation on a right. Her appeal was a
ong overdue act.
If Miss Lucy has evidence that the university
onspired in the mob violence against her,
et her say so. Th'en, let a court decide where
ruth lies.
On first analysis, this appears to be a simple
nd superficial way to view a complex situa-
Lon, but in the last analysis the Supremacy
f the Constitution has an important simpli-
Fundamentally then, the NAACP and Miss
ucy are asking the reality. and the Supremacy
f the Constitution, and they should keep ask-
ag until they are given it.

Expulsion Blame
Shared by NAACP
IT APPEARS that Autherine Lucy, the Negro
coed who has tried to enter the University of
Alabama, has only herself and her backers, i.e.,
the NAACP, to blame for her expulsion.
In her statements to the press, radio, and TV,
Miss Lucy told the nation that her only aim
was to get an education in library science at the
University of Alabama. Undoubtedly the
NAACP was not so concerned with her at-
tempts to obtain an education as with her
efforts to gain entrance to the University of
Alabama itself.
With both aims in mind, it is inconceivable
that Miss Lucy, in her suit for readmittance,
should charge "that University authorities con-
spired in the mob action."
If one's major aim was to enter the University
of Michigan, would one make a public statement
to the effect that the Regents have conspired
against this entrance, even in the highly im-
probable instance that this fact were true?
Her statement evidently gave university offi-
cials a chance to divest themselves of what had
seemed to be an otherwise unsolvable problem
by expelling Miss Lucy, however cowardly this
action appeared to the rest of the nation. They
accused her of making "false, defamatory, im-
pertinent and scandalous charges" against them
in court and through various news media.
IF MISS LUCY's aims were in fact to enter the
University of Alabama, she has been mis-
guided by the NAACP. If, on the other hand,
she and the NAACP merely wished to call
attention to an obviously unjust situation, then
they have succeeded well. However, this does
not seem consistent with the former logic of
that organization and other agencies attempt-
ing to end segregation in schools and colleges.
If Miss Lucy had been admitted to the Uni-
versity of Alabama, the door would have been
opened for more admission of Negroes, not only
to that University, but to the other southern
NAACP has been a consistent thorn in the
side of the prejudiced South in their efforts to
end segregation. However, success in their fight
against such deeply-rooted prejudice demands
that their fight be conducted on an extremely
high, even "professional" level of tact, diplom-
acy, and foresight.

"Wait A Minute-They're Still Watching"
Oil Men in on Gas Legislation

The pleasant thing about "Lease
old-fashioned things and never
bothers to hide the fact. Its chief
advantage is that it is a chronolog-
ically welcome relief from super-
spectacles like "Helen of Troy"
and realistic, sociol-problem pic-
tures like "Man With the Golden
Arm" and "Trial."

'Lease of Life'
Provides Change
THERE WAS A TIME-back in the thirties-when pictures like
"Lease of Life" were everyday affairs, when every-other movie
was, as the advertisements say, "sometimes gay . . . sometimes tender
... an always wonderful story of a charming gentleman."
To be sentimental today is consideredrisky business, smacking
of crinoline, old lace, sachets and moth balls.F

of Life" is that it is all of these

You Too May Be A Red

AMONG those who first urged
Ike to run for President were
Sid Richardson and Clint Murch-
ison of Texas, two of the wealthiest
oil-gas men in the world. They
went to Paris when he was in com-
mand of SHAPE, literally camped
out there, begging him to run.
Later they picked up some of the
pre-convention campaign expenses
Ike incurred in getting ready to
They have not only been heavy
contributors but good'friends. This
was why Eisenhower telephoned
them in advance to tell them he
was sorry but he had to veto the
gas bill.
On top of Richardson and Mur-
chison, scores of other oil-gas men
dumped hundreds of thousands of
dollars, probably well over a mil-
lion, into Ike's campaign. They
carried Texas and Oklahoma, nor-
mally Democratic. Of course they
"liked Ike." But they also under-
stood from Jack Porter, Ike's No.
1 money-raiser in Texas, that he
would undo Harry Truman's veto
of the gas bill.
s* * e
SO SHORTLY after the election,
careful plans were made to put
across a new gas bill.
Characteristically, Eisenhower
appointed a Cabinet committee to
study the matter. Official chair-
man was Defense Mobilizer Arthur
Flemming, but actually the com-
mittee was run by secretary of the

Treasury George Humphrey. Other
members were Attorney General
Brownell, Secretary of State Dul-
les, Secretary of Defense Wilson,
Secretary of the Interior McKay,
Secretary of Commerce Weeks and
Secretary of Labor Mitchell.
Under Humphrey's influence the
committee called in the oil in-
dustry to write the recommenda-
These men were not paid by the
government, butremained on the
payrolls of their oil companies
while drafting their recommenda-
tions for the White House. Need-
less to say, they came up with pro-
posals benefiting the oil industry
by many millions of dollars. Their
recommendations were not only
stronger than the gas bill voted
by the Senate, but were accepted
hook, line and sinker by Secretary
FOR EXAMPLE, Ike's veto mes-
sage called for a rewrite of the gas
bill, offering more protection for
the consumers. Yet the final pro-
posals submitted to the President
by his Cabinet committee offered
less protection for the consumers
than the Senate bill. The truth is
that the Cabinet committee made
no attempt to get the consumer
side of the story at all, despite re-
peated urging from Sen. aul Doug-
las (D., Ill.). It accepted the oil
industry's proposals without qual-

In the end, the Cabinet com-
mittee recommended gas legisla-
tion much stronger than the Sen-
ate finally passed.
No one knew better than Hum-
phrey that oilmen had sat right
inside the White House as govern-
ment consultants and laid out the
kind of gas legislation the industry
wanted. It is interesting therefore,
that Humphrey-the man who
prepared the final report propos-
ing to give the oil industry exactly
what it wanted-led in urging the
President to veto the gas bill.
BY THAT TIME Senator Case
of South Dakota had revealed the
$2,500 offered to influence his vote.
There followed private indications
which the Justice Department re-
ceived from its U.S. Attorney, Don-
ald R. Ross, in Nebraska, that sim-
ilar offers had been made in Ne-
braska and other states. Thus
the White House knew well before
the public how far-reaching were
the gas lobby's operations.
It was also known that if a Sen-
ate committee got poring into oil-
gas contributions, it might reach
out in all directions-including the
oil-gas men who contributed so
heavily to Eisenhower.
All of this made it just good
common political horse sense to
put the President vigorously on
the side of the public and against
the arrogance of the gas lobby.
(Copyright 1956, by Bell Syndicate, Inc.)

"LEASE OF LIFE" presents a
series of little incidents about the
Vicar (Robert Donat) of a small
English village. Everyone wno
knows him thinks the Vicar a
somewhat simple, definitely ordin-
ary man. He is; but he is also
possessed of great sensitivity and
understanding about human weak-
nesses, and the manner in which
his friends and family come to
realize this distinction constitutes
the film's movement.
The Vicar learns he has only a
year to live, but does not let the
fact interrupt his eccleastical
routine. His wife (Kay Walsh) is
trying to relive her youth through
their daughter (Adrienne Corri),
a gifted young pianist. The daugh-
ter is very immature, but the man
she loves, a church organist (Den-
holm Elliot), helps her to grow up.
* * *
DONAT, one of England's most
skilled actors, contributes a per-
formance of great charm, and his
ease of delivery might be a lesson
for more historical Hollywood per-
formers. In a lovely scene, he man-
ages to express a dying man's
wonder of the world he is about
to leave. The other actors are
equally natural at everything they
do, and with Donat give a picturi-
zation of commonplace, rural Eng-
lish life.
By its very nature, its rambling
simplicity and sentimentality, its
nearly stand-still dramatic pro-
gression, "Lease of Life" will prob-
ably offend audiences accustomed
to a more pulsating sort of melo-
drama. But the picture does not
try to be pulsating; it does not
pretend to have anything great
to offer; and its only moral lesson
is that people are very human,
sometimes pitiably so.°
In a barrage of betterpictures,
"Lease of Life" would go unnotic-
ed. At present, it is a momentary
cinematic change of pace.
-Ernest Theodossin
to the
Basic Weakness...
To the Editor:
DICK SNYDER'S editorial in
Sunday's Daily (March 4) ex-
presses concern over the lack of
student interest in SGC and a cor-
responding scarcity of petitions for
the seven available positions this
semester. It is interesting that in
its now annual series of editorials
bemoaning the disinterest of the
student in student government on
this campus the Daily writers have
failed to take notice of the basic
fallacy of this form of student
The SGC (and the defunct SL)
is quite obviously a body whose
existence is allowed by the Uni-
versity administration as an outlet
for those students who like to exert
their energies in debate, busy-work
and politicking. They achieve little
but on the other hand cause little
harm and so are tolerated. The
more comnpetant and perceptive
campus activities enthusiasts rec-
ognize that their efforts can be
more rewarding when directed to
other areas.
When those who support student
government finally realize this
basic weakness in its foundation,
perhaps they will be able to under-
stand the lack of interest which
certainly does exist.
-Ben Young, '57L

THE Daily Official Bulletin is an
official publication of the University
of Michigan for which the Michigan
Daily assumes no editorial responsi-
bility. Notices should be sent in
TYPEWRITTEN form to Room 3553
Administration Building before 2 p.m.
the day preceding publication. Notices
for the Sunday edition must be in by
2 p.m. Friday.
VOL. LXII, NO. 19 ,
General Notices
Late Permission: All women students
who attend the Speech Department
Opera shall have 30 minutes after the
end of the performance in which ti
return to their residence hail.
Summer Housing Applications for
graduate and undergraduate women's
housing will" be accepted from women
now registered on campus beginning at
noon, Wed., March 7. Applicants will
be accepted for both residence halls and
supplementary housing.
University Lecture, auspices of Eng-
lis. Dept. Frank O'Connor, distinguish-
ed Irish author and critic, on "The Rise
and Decline of the Novel." Rackham
Lecture Hall, Tues., Mar. 6, 4:15 p.m.
Academic Notices
Students who failed to take the final
examination In German Courses during
the fall semester must register with
the Secretary, 105 Tappan Hall, by Wed.
March 7, for the make-up examination
to be held Friday, 3:00 p.m., March 9.
Contest for the Bronson-Thomas Prize
in the Department of German will be
held on March 20. All applicants are
requested to register at the German
office, 108 Tappan, by Fri., March 16.
seminar in the Resolution of Conflict
(Integration of the Social Sciences,
Economics 353) will meet at 3 p.m. in
conference room 3063 of the Childrens
Psychiatric Hospital. Prof. Rapoport
will speak on the "Political Theories
of Lewis Richardson."
Mathematics Colloquium: Thursday,
March 8, at 4:10 p.m., in Room 3011
A.H. Prof. G. Kreisel, of the University
of Reading and Institute for Advanced
Study, will speak on "Transcendental
Proofs. "
Doctoral Examination for Harold
Woodrow Paulsen, Education thesis:
"The Development and Application of
Criteria for Evaluating Guidance Serv-
ices in College Departments of Physical
Education," Tues., March 6, East Council
Room, Rackham Bldg. at 10:00 a.m.
Chairman, P. A.Hunsicker.
Events Today
Science Research Club. The Miarch
meeting will be held in the Rackham
Amphitheatre at 7:30 p.m. on Tuesday,
March 6. Program: Isotopes in Chemi-.
cal Reaction Kinetics, Richard B. Bern-
stein, Chemistry; The Acetlycholine-
Choline Esterase System in Nerve Trans-
mission, Lloyd R. Yonce, Psysiology
Dues for 1955-56 accepted after 7:10 p.m.
Research Seminar of the Mental Health
Research Institute, Dr. John R. Platt,
associate professor of physics, University
of Chicago, will speak on "Amplifier
Theory and Behavior Theory," March 8,
1:30 to 3:30 p.m., Conference Room,
Children's Psychiatric Hospital. No Re-
search Seminar on March 15 or March
The Magic Flute presented by the
Department of Speech and the School
of Music at 8:00 p.m. tonight in the
Lydia Mendelssohn Theatre. Tickets on
sale at the Lydia Mendelssohn Theatre
box office from 10 am. until 8 p.m.-
$1.75, $1.40, $1.00, with the special stu-
dent rate of 75c in effect tonight.
Albert Dekker and Edith Atwater
presented tonight In a dramatic pro-
gram "Two's A Company," final number
on the current Lecture Course. 8:30
p.m. in Hill Auditorium. Tickets may
be purchased today at the Auditorium
box office which is open 10 a.m.-8:30
Placement Notices
Tues., March 6:
Mr. Sam Marcus, Fresh Air Society,
Detroit, Mich., will interview for Coun-
selors, Hillel Foundation, 10:30 a.m.-7
p.m. Please call Hillel for appointments.
Wed., March 7:
Mr. Stephen Baumann, Director, Camp
Conestoga, Leonidas, Mich., will inter-
view for male and fenale Counselors,
Michigan Union, Room 3K, 9-5.

Tues., Wed., Thurs., March 6, 7, 8:
Mr. Ken Smith, Camp. Charlevoix,
Charlevoix, Mich. will interview for
male and female Counselors, Michigan
Union, Room 3G. Call the Bureau of
Appointments for appointments, 352,
Administration Bldg., Ext. 2614.
Representatives from the following
will be at the Engrg. School:
Fri., March 9:
Hazeltine % Electronics Corp., Little
Neck, N. Y.-B.S. and M.S. in Elect.,
Mech.; B.S. in Physics for Devel., Design,
Field Engrg, Test Engrg., Publications
Eng. and Prod. Admin. U.S. citizens.
Swift & Co., Chicago, Il.-all levels in
Chem. E., Civil., Const., Elect., Instru.,



RACIAL SEGREGATION' is an explosive issue
these days. Most of the North is against
segregation, at least in principle. In practice,
the inclination is toward indifference.
But it might even be unwise to be against
racial segregation in principle, unless one's
principles are not allowed out from under the
proverbial hat. One must keep in mind that
the Communist Party is also against racial
How is this important? Under the provi-
sions of the McCarran Internal Security Act
of 1950, any organization that advocates poli-
cies which "do not deviate from" those fol-
lowed by the Communist Party can be ordered
to register with the attorney-general of the
United States as a Communist-front organiza-
The effect of having to register in such man-
ner is that the organization is for all practical
purposes (though not legally) destroyed. It
must be assumed, if the legal truth or legal
fiction, be realistically overlooked, that the or-
ganization is rendered powerless if convicted
by the attoriey-general under the McCarran
This is not guilt by association. This is con-
viction by coincidence. Unless it is proven
that a policy is similar to that of the Com-
munist Party because of a connection with
the Party, there can be no justification for ruin-
ing an organization in such a way. It cannot
morally or legally be assumed that because a
Editorial Staff
Dave Baad .......................... Managing Editor
Jim Dygert ............................... City Editor
Murry Frymer ...................... Editorial Director

policy "does not deviate from" another 'policy,
it automatically arose from the same source.
Such circumstantial evidence would be
thrown out of a properly conducted court of
law. Yet, it is the very thing that the Mc-
Carran Act legalizes. Assuming subversive ac-
tivities must be controlled or eliminated, this
is not the way, because it can too easily per-
secute the innocent as well as halt the guilty.
CARRY it to an extreme: organization 'X' is
for a new hospital to replace the commun-
ity's old one, strongly suspected of being con-
trolled by graft-conscious politicians. Another
group for a new hospital is composed of the
local Communists. Organization X' is com-
pelled, by the attorney-general, to register as
a Communist-front organization. Why not?
Its policy here did "not deviate from" that of
the local Communists.
Add another factor: organization 'Y' is also'
in favor of a new hospital in the same com-
munity. But it is not asked to register.
The only answer is that there are politicians
somewhere who have something against or-
ganization 'X' that they did not have against
organization 'Y'. It was probably that organi-
zation 'X' was a mite too liberal for their
Nor is this all conjecture. This particular
example is fictitious enough, but there are
others quite similar and quite factual. Substi-
tute the racial segregation issue for the new
hospital issue, and there is the kind of emo-
tionally charged problem that could lead to
the same result in actuality.
racial segregation. The Labor Youth League
is now appealing to the Federal District Court
of Appeals in Washington, D.C., a decision by
the Subversive Activities Control Board that
the League must register as a Communist-
front organization. Its policy on racial segre-
gation and other policies were found, in ex-
tensive hearings; not deviating from those of
the Communist Party.
Let any member of the Subversive Activities
Control Board prove that any policy of the
LYL is dangerous to America or that there is
no respectable group in America without that
same policy. None of them has proved it yet.
Evidently the attorney-general has some-
thing political against the LYL. Many other

It's the Irish In You That Counts'


(EDITOR'S NOTE: Mr. Weingart, a
February graduate of the University,
spent one summer studying under
Frank O'Connor at Harvard. Mr.
O'Connor will speak here today on
"The Rise and Fall of the Novel," at
4 p.m. in the Rackham Lecture Hall.)
WHEN I first heard that Frank
O'Connor was coming to
Michigan, I thought to myself, it
is no accident that Frank O'Con-
nor and spring have come at the
same time.
During the summer of 1954 I
had the opportunity of studying
with Mr. O'Connor (whose real
name is Michael O'Donvan) at
Harvard, and found his personali-
ty as refreshing as his work. He
is an energetio man in his early
fifties with a high, broad forehead
and thick brows and an expression
at once mischievous and somber.
He has a deep .baritone voice that
enables him to commit even the
most unlikely work to reading, and
students were always amazed at
his ability to interpret a story un-
erringly at first glance.
Instantly Mr. O'Connor im-
presses you as a man who enjoys
all the virtues of success, but none
of the vices. He has the inde-
petidence and confidence that

ters, but emphasizes the necessity
of a strong theme in the short
story, especially for young writers.
His classes are conducted on a
seminar basis where stories are
read and evaluated.
"Only God can make a writer,"
he says. Since there is little use
in trying to teach things that
can't be taught, he lays heavy
stress on the "basics" of construc-
tion, plot, and development. Some-
times it is weeks before the stu-
dent even gets a chance to write.
Mr. O'Connor feels most young
writers make their mistake by
trying to write about incidents
which don't lend themselves to
the short story. If the discussion
starts to wander Mr. O'Connor will
interrupt politely: "Let's get back
to the task at hand; this isn't a
literature course, you.know." But
when class is over he will go to
the coffee shop with a few stu-
dents and pick up the thread of
* * *
MR. O'CONNOR is full of rich
anecdotes. He remembers once
asking Yeats how he felt, and
Yeats replied mildly: "I'm con-
valescing; I'm writing in prose."

but at last we broke up into- small
groups and filed through the door.
Mr. and Mrs. O'Connor bid us
goodnight, and we left, wondering
whether we would ever see them
a g a i n, wondering even more
whether there was any Irish blood
in us; for it seemed to us at that
time that you must have a little
Irish blood in you to succeed at


Debra Durchslag «. ................. Magazine
David Kaplan ........................ Feature
Jane Howard ....................... Associate
Louise Tyor ..................."...... Associate
Phil Douglis ...........................Sports
Alan Eisenberg ......ara...... Associate Sports
Jack Horwitz ........«..,. Associate Sports
Mary Helithale ...........A........ .Women's
Elaine Edmonds ........... Associate Women's



John Hirtzel ........... ..C. hief Photographer
Business Staff

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