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April 24, 1955 - Image 11

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Michigan Daily, 1955-04-24

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SPRING, 1955

THE MICHIGAN DAILY

PAGE M7M

SPRING, 1955 FilE MICHiGAN DAILY PAGE I~TVN

EXPANDING NEEDS:
Dentistry School
Completes Study

By PAUL H. JESERICH
Dean of The School of Dentistry
During the last three years a
thorough study of most of the den-
tal educational facilities in the
United States and Canada has
been made preliminary to the de-
velopment of plans to provide mod-
ern facilities to meet the present
undergraduate dental student and
dental hygienist enrollment and
the expanding needs for dental
manpower to serve the rapidly in-
creasing population of the State of
Michigan for the next twenty-five
years or more.
A careful study of the manpower
needs justifies an increase from
the present capacityenrollment of
97 freshmen to 150 plus an increase
in the dental hygienist freshman
enrollment from 40 to 80.
Planned Changes
In this planning, full considera-Y
tion has been given to those facili-
ties necessary not only to permitk
increased enrollment, but also to f
make possible additions to and
improvements in the undergradu-f
ate curriculum, research programs,
and for the use of new teaching
methods long felt necessary by thet
faculty to keep the School a lead-
er in dental education and to pro-
vide the highest standards of serv-
ice to the people of Michigan.
The greatest need of the School
of Dentistry, in order to achieve
these objectives, is for additional1
space and equipmen for under-
graduate instructional and re-
search facilities for the present
enrollment and that which must be
anticipated in the immediate fu-
ture.
The faculty of the School is rec-
ognized as one of the most out-
standing in the world from the
point of view of the objectives of
instruction and research. It has
the capabilities, the desire and the
necessary vision to'initiate changes
in dental education which will be
of great significance to the pro-
fession and the public it serves
when the facilities provided in 1908
and added to in 1923 are modern-
ized, enlarged and equipped to
meet the expanded needs of den-
tal education for the present and
the future.
History of Changest
Undergraduate facilities hve
not kept abreast with those re-
quired for the many and rapidi
changes which have taken places
in dental education in recent years.1
In 1908 dental education consisted
of instruction in seven fields of
d e n t a l procedures pertaining
largely to technical and clinical
skills.
Since that time dentistry has
become a fully recognized health]
service profession and dental edu-
cation has included instruction in1
the biological and physical sciences]
and their correlation with numer-l
ous advances in technical and clin-
ical procedures requiring special-
ized skills.
At present there are twenty-two1
major fields of study in the under-1
graduate dental curriculum in con-
trast to the seven of 1908. The staff
has been increased from 17 peo-1
ple in 1908 to 139 in 1955, to meet
the increased instructional load,
but the undergraduate facilities
have notubeen increasedcother
than some added clinical and lab-

DEAN JESERICH

oratory space in 1923 and some'
new clinical equipment in 1949.
Other factors which h a v e;
brought about a serious shortage of
facilities are the following:
The change from a three to a
four year program in 1935;
The requirement of two years of
clinical instruction starting in 1938
as a result of the four year course
which necessitated clinical space
and equipment for juniors as well
as seniors;
The initiating of the two year
course for dental hygienists in 1921
with each class requiring lecture,
laboratory and clinical facilities;
The increased requirements for
clinical instruction in dentistry for
children, periodontia, endodontia,
orthodontia and partial denture
prosthesis;
The more than doubled enroll-
ment of undergraduate students
since 1947; 1
And the tripled enrollment of
dental hygienists since 1948.
Recent Enrollment Boom
Because of a low enrollment
from 1933 to 1947 the facilities of
the School were fairly satisfactory
at that time as far as technical
and clinical instruction were con-
cerned.
Since 1947 it has been necessary
to use the facilities of the W. K.
K e 11 o g g Foundation Institute;
Graduate and -Postgraduate Den-
tistry for undergraduate instruc-
tion in four clinical fields of den-
tistry.
This his necessitated a decrease
in the number of postgraduate
courses and in the enrollment of
the Institute. Such improvising
was intended to be a temporary
measure with no intent to inter-
fere permanently with the ob-
jectives of the Institute.
Admission Boom
In 1947 and 1948 the School of
Dentistry began to have heavy de-
mands for admission. This was
thought to be a temporary prob-
lem caused by the G.I. Bill of
Rights and the returning veterans.
Such has not proved to be the case.
Applications from well-qualified
residents of Michigan continue
to be two to three times the num-
ber the present facilities justify
accepting.
To relieve this situation and at
the same time meet -the dental
manpower needs of the increasing
population of Michigan additional
facilities for undergraduate den-
tal education should be provided as
soon as possible.

More Dental
Units Slated
By ARLIS GARON
A request for $628,000 has been
made to the Legislature to finance
plans for the dental school build-
ing program.
Planning will concern the build-
ing of a School of Dentistry, a den-
tal building, and remodeling and
additions to the present dentistry
building. University Vice-Presi-
dent Wilbur K. Pierpont said they
hope to start construction next
spring.
Probable location of the new
buildings will be northeast of the
present dental building. It will ex-
tend into the rear parking lot and
lawn of the ROTC building.
The present dental building on
North University was first occu-
pied in 1908. It was built at a cost
of $90,259.82. The lowest estimate
for the new buildings is $6,600,000.
Currently the planning commit-
tee estimates the cost will be $30
to $35 per square foot not includ-
ing dental equipment. One esti-
mate for the total cost of new
buildings was $8,100,000.
Planning began last October
when the Regents approved funds
for the employment of Lewis J.
Sarvis, an architect from Battle
Creek. Sarvis also planned the
K e l1 o g g Foundation Institute,
Health Service, rnd the Public
Health Bldg.
Director of the W. K. Kellogg
Foundation Institute, William R.
Mann, is chairman of the building
committee. Paul H. Jeserich, Dean
of the dental school, Robert E.
Doerr of the dental school, Sarvis
and representatives from the plant
department are also on the com-
Mittee.
New additions will allow expan-
sion of the Dental library and
more space for offices, research
and clinical practice.
Space Needs
High on List
An additional 50,000 square feet
of space for classrooms, office and
laboratory space is listed as a
top priority requirement by Dean
Thomas D. Rowe of the pharmacy
school.
Although the pharmacy school
is "on the list" for a new build-
ing, the dean doesn't expect one
to be completed "for at least five
years and maybe more.'"'
Currently the school shares one
building with the chemistry de-
partment. Although the pharmacy
school can handle present under-
graduate enrollment and a few
graduate students, the space for
graduate students is not sufficient.
A new building for the phar-
macy school is planned to accom-
modate twice the number of stu-
dents currently enrolled. The
building will cost about two mil-
lion dollars.
Public Health Mlay'
Double Capacity
Expanding the School of Public
Health to more than double its
present size is the hope of Dean
Henry F. Vaughan.
Costing from four to five mil-
lion dollars, constrution of an
extension on the present E-shaped
building has not yet received Uni-
versity backing. Plans already
drawn up call :or an addition to
100,000 square feet to the school's
present 70,000 square feet.

DEAN VAUGHAN:

SLATED FOR completion this
summer, the new Medical Li-
brary will have a capacity of 160,-
000 volumes, according to Director
of Libraries Frederick Wagman.
A gift of $600,000 from the Kres-
ge Foundation will provide funds
for the library, built as a replace-

ment for the present medical li-,
brary, nursing library and hospi-
tal library.
With dimensions of 105 feet by
119 feet, the new library will have
four stack levels, a reading room
54 feet by 102 feet, conference
room and a rare book room.
Five group study rooms and 601

carells will provide study space in
the stacks.
Air-conditioned throughout, the
library has been "carefully decor-
ated to make it pleasant and rest-
ful to the eye," Prof. Wagman
said.
Above low book cases, the entire
north wall is glass.

--Daily-John Hirtzei

EIGHTY-SEVEN YEAR TRADITION:
Pharmacy-College Sets Pace

Outlines Needs
For Public Health

By HENRY F. VAUGHAN
Dean of the
School of Public Health
Formal instruction in hygiene
and health began at Michigan in
1889 with the opening of the Hy-
gienic Laboratory, a building which
now stands on the old campus,
funds for which were made avail-
'able by the State Legislature in
1887.
For many years this laboratory
was used jointly by the University
and the Michigan State Board of
Health to investigate and control
epidemic diseases and to instruct
students in the art and science of
preventive medicine.
The first Master's Degree given
in the health field was bestowed,
uponthe late Dr. Edna Day in
1897.
History of Scohol
In 1921 the Division of Hygiene
and Public Health was created by
the Board of Regents at the re-
quest of Presidept Burton. In 1941
President Ruthven recommended
to the Board of Regents that a
School of Public Health be estab-
lished with authority to maintain
its own faculty and recommend
degrees in public health.
The W. K. Kellogg Foundation
and the Rockefeller Foundation
provided funds for a building and
a modest sum with which to in-
troduce the new program.
The modern health movement
requires the ingredients of men,
money, and material which can
be best found among the groups
whom it is intended to serve.
Te latent resources of the sev-
eral professions including medi-
cine, dentistry, engineering, and
education must be activated to-
gether with the resources of the
lay public. It is through such a
system of coordination that im-
provement in environmental and
personal health may be brought to
pass.
The School of Public Health
serves to provide graduate educa-
tion for those who are already
basically trained in the several
disciplines which play a part in
volves (1) the improvement of the
technical competence of special-
ists in the various phases of ap-
plied public health work, and (2)
education in the skills of the pub-
lic health profession. Those who
come into this profession already
have a professional orientation in
medicine, dentistry, engineering,
nursing, etc.
Needs of School
The School of Public Health
building was designed fifteen years
ago for a maximum uf 180 to 200
students. The exigencies of World
War II precluded the construction
of a building of adequate size.

By TOM D. ROWE
Dean of Pharmacy College

DEAN VAUGHAN

The nationwide pattern{ or pres-
ent-day pharmaceutical education
originated at the University of
Michigan eighty-seven years ago.
At that time, a course of study
in pharmacy was set up within the
Department of Literature, Science,
and the Arts, the first state Uni-
versity to offer pharmacy. Stan-
dard courses in chemistry and re-
lated fields were part of the de-
gree requirements.
This too was the first time that
courses other than pharmacy were
required of students in this field.
These requirements were resisted
at first by pharmaceutical educa-
tors outside the University but
slowly became accepted and wide-I
ly adapted.
The Department of Pharmacy
became the School of Pharmacy in
1876. Through the years, able ad-
ministration and a strong faculty
developed a school which became
and continues to be a leader in
American pharmaceutical educa-
tion.
University Ranks High
We believe our college today,
both on the undergraduate and
graduate -levels, is equal in quality
of training to any in the country.
Our staff has a number of in-
dividuals who are generally recog-
nized as the nation's outstanding
men in their specialties. Our grad-
uates are practicing successfully
in and are sought after by all
Ibranches of the profession.
Varied Programs
We have a number of distinct
and outstanding programs. Among
these are: A graduate program in
hospital pharmacy which was one
of the first in this field and is
now the largest.
We are the only College of Phar-
macy to offer within our own unit
courses designed to prepare teach-
ers of pharmacy. More pharma-
ceutical chemists specializing in
synthetic medicinalc.h e mi isgt r y
have studied at Michigan than in

fled applicants because of shortage
of research facilities. Further ex-
pansion is impossible without ad-
d i t i o n a l laboratory facilities.
While we can handle the current
undergraduate enrollment, we will
within the next decade exceed our
present capacity.
Future Changes
During the next decade major
changes are to be made in phar-
maceutical education in all Ameri-
can colleges of pharmacy. The
American Association of Colleges
of Pharmacy has voted to extend
the program in member colleges toV
a total of five years beginning in
1960.
The pattern to be followed will
be either one pre-pharmacy year
plus four in pharmacy (1-4) or
two pre-pharmacy years plus three
in pharmacy (2-3). The extension
of the program will enable us to
make additional improvements. In
particular, to: (1) provide more
courses in general education; (2)
cut down the present overloaded
student schedule; and (3) teach
our professional courses at a high-
er level.
Addition of courses in general
education will enable us to gradu-
ate pharmacists with a broader
training, and we hope a better un-
derstanding of their responsibili-
ties as citizens.

At present there is need of ad-
ditional physical plant and facili-
ties of 100,000 square feet, and an
annual University implementing
budget of about $200,000 for
teacing and research.
Such additional physical and
staff facilities would be concerned
with human biology in relation to
the nature and promotion of
health; the development of knowl-
edge and utilization of the ways
by which fundamental manipula-
tion of the environment can be
used to promote health.
New Understanding
Environmental health work in
the past has concerned itself most-
ly with the elimination of group
hazards to human health. There
is need for new information, tech-
niques, and understanding as an
approach to the basic improve-
ment of the environment, as a
means of health promotion.
Additional space for workshop i
and laboratory teaching methods
necessary for instruction in the
unified application of multi-pro-
fessional knowledge and tech-
niques to the solution of commu-
nity health problems is required.
Michigan's Status
Michigan must keep abreast or
in advance of the nine other uni-
versities which maintain accred-
ited schoo s of public health, three
of which ave facilities more mod-
ern than those now available at
Michigan. The State of Michigan
and its University have been pio-
neers in health promotion, in-
struction, and research and this
status should be maintained.
The demands upon the School
for building space and teaching
facilities will probably be doubled
during the next ten to fifteen
years.

DEAN ROWE

any other American college of
Pharmacy.
The undergraduate curriculum
has undergone extensive changes
in recent years, and we now offer
three options for under-graduates,
instead of the customary one.
We have a curriculum for stu-
dents planning to enter retail
pharmacy; one for those expect-
ing to engage in manufacturing
pharmacy or hospital pharmacy;
and one for students planning to
do graduate work leading to a ca-
reer in research.
Expanding Grad Program
Our graduate program is ex-
panding, with several fields of
study now available. In addition
to hospital pharmacy and synthet-
ic pharmaceutical chemistry, we
have programs in analytical phar-
maceutical chemistry, and in man-
ufacturing pharmacy. It is our
plan to offer graduate work in
pharmacognosy and pharmaceuti-
cal administration within the next
few years.
Lack of Space
Unfortunately, we are ham-
pered in expansion of the gradu-
ate program by lack of space.
During the past few years, we
have had to refuse admission to
about four out of every five quali-

I

fill

IF

We are pleased to have supplied the millwork on
the following University of Michigan projects that
have been completed on or are under construction:
JOB ARCHITECT CONTRACTOR
Couzens Hall Ralph J. Calder Spence Brothers
Children's Hospital (Psychiatric Unit) Swanson & Associates Jeffress-Dyer, Inc.
Kresge Medical Research Bldg. Giffels & Vallet Jeffress-Dyer, Inc.
(Library Addition)
Angell Hall Smith, Hinchman & Grylls Bryant & Detwiler
Mortimer E. Cooley Bldg. C. L. T. Gabler Jeffress-Dyer, Inc.
Medical Research Bldg. Giffels & Vallet Jeffress-Dyer, Inc.
Woman's Physical Education Lee & Kenneth C. Black Jeffress-Dyer, Inc.
Chemistry Bldg. Louis Kingscott Bryant & Detwiler
General Service Bldg. Harley, Ellington & Day Bryant & Detwiler
Men's Dormitory Andrew R. Morrison Bryant & Detwiler
Women's Dormitory Clair W. Ditchy George A. Fuller Co.

In order to facilitate
the ever-expanding athletic program
at the University
the new athletic administration building
has been constructed.
We are pleased to have supplied

I

the lumber for this building.

I Gill Lumber Co.

11

111

II

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