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April 13, 1955 - Image 4

Resource type:
Michigan Daily, 1955-04-13

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..WEDNESDAY..., .... RIL 11.,,..


A Second Look at Meaning
Of Polio Vaccine


"I'll Do All The Foolish Talking Around Here"





So SALK VACCINE works - now what?
There's still a lot of work to do.
Biggest task ahead is inoculating everyone
in the country with*vaccine. Millions of peo-
ple have to be educated so they'll take the
shots, millions of dollars have to be spent ad-
ministering them.
There are still some 70,000 polio victims to be
cared for-iron lungs are expensive.
Always striving for perfection, scientists are
even now working on new improvements in
the vaccine and there will be a lot of research
and more tests before they sit back and call it
quits. All this takes money.
DON'T PAY too much attention to the unin-
formed who glibly decide March of Dimes
can be crossed off the charity list. The mil-
lions of dollars already donated may keep your
next-door-neighbor walking instead of lying in
an iron lung-more money is needed to make
sure he can keep walking.
One side-aspect of Dr. Francis' report de-
serves mention-the attitude of the press. The
great majority of newspapers and communica-
tions outlets stuck to honest, accurate report-
A few lacked the integrity.

It's too bad papers like the New York World
Telegram and Sun and the Detroit Times had
to sacrifice news ethics for a few fast bucks.
Makes people wary of giving newsmen the co-
operation they need to get news out quickly
and accurately.
Both papers printed advance announcements
of success of Salk vaccine claiming to have got-
ten their information from a news "leak."
Maybe they did but they were both pretty far
off. It's a fair bet the two papers did some
wild guessing in an attempt to sell papers.
Their circulation probably jumped-too bad
it was the result of shoddy journalism. Wil-
liam Lawrence of the New York Times hit it
on the head when he said, "It reminds you of
the old circulation fights between Hearst and
McCormick but we like to think journalism has
outgrown that."
Despite attempts by the press and others to
pressure him into hurrying his evaluation, Dr.
Francis waited until he could present a statis-
tically significant report. The job he was given
was a gigantic one-he did it admirably. All
those connected with the project well deserve
the praise they will receive for helping human-
ity take a big step in the march against polio.
-Lee Marks

Presidents and Prime Ministers:
Candle, Paamas and Tire

THE INTERPLAY of time, men and govern-
ments can play strange tricks.
Sir Winston Churchill resigned last week as
her Majesty's First Minister at the age of 81.
The day was ten years less one week from the
death of his fellow champion of besieged dem-
ocracy, Franklin Roosevelt, an old man at 63.
Churchill became Prime Minister at the age
of 66. Historian Arnold Toynbee has described
him as enjoying that singular time of life when
the vigor of youth overlaps with the wisdom.
of maturity, a brief period which, Toynbee
says, most men realize 20 years earlier.
THE PRIME Ministry is a unique office in
many ways, not the least of which is the
ages of its occupants. They span as many
years as most men live. Gladstone, when he
left office, was a full 60 years older than Wil-
liam Pitt, the younger, who became Prime
Minister at 24.
An Interesting contrast is the American Pre-
sidency. Teddy Roosevelt at 42 was only 27
years younger when he took office than ou
oldest President, James Buchanan, who left of-
fice at 69.
The more-than-double age range of the Bri-
tish executive is undoubtedly more than acci-
dent. Britain's party government lends itself
to "collective leadership" wherein responsibility
for the affairs of government is shared by the
Cabinet and the Prime Minister. For example,
when in the last days of his career Churchill.
defered the question of a Formosa confer-
ence to his Foreign Secretary and heir-appar-
ent, it was far more politically permissable than
President Eisenhower's frequent abandonments
of leadership.

WHILE THE British elect a Parliament which
in turn produces a Prime Minister from
among its majority leadership, Americans elect
one man to head the Executive Branch. He
and he alone is- ultimately responsible for the
firing of every security risk in the Agriculture
Department, the honesty of every tax collector
in St. Louis, and the lease of all naval oil re-
serve lands in Wyoming. Small wonder that no
man so green as 41 or so aged as 70 has ever
held the office.
Wonder drugs and Secret Servicemen have
minimized the physical hazards of the job,
and Lincoln's assassination and William Hen-
ry Harrison's cold caught on Inaugural Day
are now old-fashioned killers. The size and
complexity of American government and res-
ponsibilities for guiding a troubled world have
combined to make the Presidency inexorably
deadly, far beyond the ameliorative powers of
Georgia vacations, be they in Warm Springs
or Augusta.
IF HE SHOULD run and be reelected in 1956,
Dwight Eisenhower would be the second-
oldest man ever elected President, surpassed
only by Harrison, who served one month. The
next Presidential term ends in January of 19-
61. If Eisenhower holds office then, he will be
the oldest man ever to do so, surpassing even
Buchanan, whose single term ended almost a
century ago.
Eisenhower may yet prove himself a man of
Churchillian youthfullness, though as 1956
draws closer it would seem that history and
a farm in Gettysburg are on the side of Eisen-
hower's passing the Republican banner to a,
younger man.
-Pete Eckstein

Astor was in New York last
week she had a telephone conver-
sation with Adlai Stevenson, whom
she admires. It went like this:
Stevenson: "I'm leaving in a few
days for South Africa to make my
Lady Astor: "I never heard of
such a thing! The best way to get
rich is to marry a wealthy widow.
And I'm available."
Stevenson: "I'll be right over!"
Stevenson leaves April 18 to
spend about a month. He will vis-
it Kenya, Uganda, the Belgian
Congo, South Africa and the Gold
Dewey's Man Gets Fired
THE FIRING of Ed Corsi as as-
sistant to Secretary Dulles on
immigration shows two significant
straws-in-the-wind in Washing-
ton. They are:
Straw No. 1-Tom Dewey, for
two years the closest man to Ike,
is no longer close. Dewey put his
old campaign manager, Herb
Brownell in the cabinet; his press
relations man, Jim Hagerty, on
the White House staff; another
associate, Tom Stevens, on the
White House staff; and a partner
in his prospective law firm, John
Harlan, on the Supreme Court.
But Ed Corsi, who was in Dew-
ey's cabinet as Industrial Commis-
sioner for ten years, got fired.
Straw No..2-Dulles is still let-
ting Congressmen dictate his for-
eign policy. He doesn't call the
tune himself.
During Dulles' first two years in
the State Department he listened
attentively to the threats of Sena-
tor McCarthy. If McCarthy even
whispered, Dulles bowed. McCar-
thy is hoarse today and few people
are listening, but Dulles is bowing
to Congressmen.
In Corsi's case it was Congress-
man Francis Walter, Democrat of
Easton, Pa., with an indirect as-
sist from Senator McCarth's pal,
Scott McLeod. To appease McCar-
thy, Dulles two years ago put Mc-
Leod in charge of security and im-
migration. Three months ago Cor-
si was appointed over McLeod's
head. And it was a neat double-
play-a smear leak from McLeod
to Walter-that got Corsi fired.
Dulles Trembles
CORSI IS no fly-by-night Re-
publican. Coming to this coun-
try at the age of 10, he served as
Commissioner of Immigration un-
der Herbert Hoover, ran as GOP
candidate for mayor of New York,
is one of New York's leading citi-
zens. He does not deserve to be
Much more important than Cor-
si, however, is the principle-the
Dulles policy of bowing to Con-
gressmen. Every time a Congress-
man crooks a little finger, Dulles
puts on an appeasement somer-
Far more important than Corsi
is the peace of the world. And
what John Foster Dulles is doing
is letting Congressmen dominate
foreign policy in such a way as to
upset the peace of the world.
For when Anthony Eden propos-
ed that England would guarantee
us in Formosa if the U.S. would'
not guarantee Quemoy-Matsu,
provided a plebiscite were held on
Formosa, Dulles immediately ran
up to Capitol Hill to ask Sen. Wil-
liam Knowland of California if he
had any objections.
Dulles did not decide the Eden
proposal on the basis of what ws
good for the American people and
the peace of the world. He decided

it on the basis of whether Senator
Knowland would cause him
Senator Knowland did threaten
trouble. He told Foster Dulles that
if the British plebiscite idea was
adopted, he, Knowland, would
make a speech on the Senate floor
denouncing it. He knew, as every-
one in the Far 'East knows, that
Formosans hate Chiang Kai-shek,
that his executives shot 60,000 of
them in one of the most bloody
massacres since the war; and that
any plebiscite would go over-
whelmingly against him.
So the Eden plan, aimed at get-
ting the U.S. off a hot spot which
might precipitate World War III,
was vetoed-all because the Eisen-
hower administration bows to
Congressmen who threaten
Small Writers vs. Big Writers
IF YOU publish a powerful ma-
gazine and are a noted author,
you can afford to say what you
want about Joe McCarthy. If you
publish a small paper and are a
minor author, you can't.
That's what Hank Greenspun,
publisher of the Las Vegas Sun
and author of a column, "Where
I Stand," found out when he wrote
over a year ago that Senator Mc-
Carthy's stormy course would lead.

i 1 E
- A "
\ AT G

... .

West Did Best it Could
I Yalta Conference
The Yalta Papers II
HAD THE State Department handled the Yalta papers with more
discrimination, it would, so I argued in the preceding article, have
recognized the difference between the genuine record of agreements
and of official papers on the one hand, and on the other the unverified
individual jottings which belong to the domain of personal memoirs.
Without falsifying the legitimate record, this critical distinction would
have decontaminated this collection of Yalta papers of their worst
Yet with or without the gossip and the chitchat, and in the hind-
sight of ten years, the student of these papers will find that while it
is easy enough to say what he wishes had happened differently in
Eastern Europe and in the Far East, it is far from clear and certain
even now how a different result could have been brought about.
WHEN WE SIT in judgment now, we must bear in mind the overrid-
ing condition which was decisive for President Roosevelt and
his American advisers. This, as many have already noted, was the
military situation at the time of Yalta. The Red Army was across the
Oder River and within forty miles of Berlin. Eisenhower was not yet
across the Rhine. Japan was in occupation of Manchuria, Korea, ti,'
whole coast of China, all of Southeast Asia and of Indonesia. The Com-
bined, that is to say the British and American, Chiefs of Staff had
reported to Roosevelt and Churchill that they must plan for eighteen

cM EE'Ni


1 r
.e RAt-©1C ,
W vss'7+IE WIKHKCI^ta P03T'a

Gargoyle Comes Out.
With 'Anti-Arts' Issue

BEHIND an exceptionally attractive cover is
a collection of. Gargoyle tid-bits tlat in-
clude some very fine items. The Nouveau-Riche-
New Yorker Gargoyle was so consistently good
that we didn't recognize it. It is with a certain
nostalgia that we return to the Old Garg-with
all its ups and downs.
This issue is entitled the "Anti-Arts Issue."
The main thing is to take nothing seriously
--even Gargoyle. If you jump that hurdle, you're
ONE of the outstanding things about Gar-
goyle has always been its art work. L. H.
Scott, with the aid of a few hand-stamps, is
"EK1r 1-- 41 a
Sixty-Fifth Year
Edited and managed by students of the University of
Michigan under the authority of the Board in Control
of Student Publications.
Editorial Staff
Eugene Hartwig..................... Managing Editol
Dorothy Myers........................... City Editor
Jon Sobeloff...................... Editorial Director
Pat Roelofs......................Associate City Editor
Becky Conrad.......,...........Associate Editor
Nan Swinehart .......................Associate Editor
Dave Livingston................... Sporots Editor
Hanley Gurwin............Associate Sports Editor
Warren Wertheimer............Associate Sports Editor
Roz Shlimovitz......... ........ .... . Women's Editor
Janet Smith............Associate Women's Editor
John Hirtzel .......... Chief Photographer
Business Staff
Lois Pollak .........................Business Manager
Phil Brunskill..........Associate Business Manager
Bill Wise.........................Advertising Manager
Mary Jean Monkoski................Finance Manager
Telephone NO 23241
M,,i j o

not only responsbile for the fine cover but. prac-
tically all the illustrations inside. He wrote and
drew the insert "a mad jaunt," which seems to
have been just an excuse for some good draw-
ings (note the Harvard sophomore), but is well
worth it. Peter Stavroulaikis makes his Gar-
goyle debut with the boyscout drawing accom-
panying "You Lose, White Man," continuing
the high standard.
The general format of the issue deserves
special praise. Part of it resembles a typogra-
pher's holiday, but always carried out well. In-
cluding a Raleigh bike among the illustrations
was one of the neater touches.
Writing sometimes has difficulty in coming
up to the format, but there are some excellent
pieces. "You Lose, White Man" is one of the
best things in the issue. It seemed to have very
little connection with "anti-art," but this may
have been why it was such a good piece of
writing. It is less self-conscious than any other
article, despite certain phrases like "real good."
HE OPENING announcement of the Annual
Anti-Arts Festival is necessary for the title
of the issue, but this seems to be the only rea-
son. The arrangement of the page redeems it
somewhat, but turn the page to the dada poemn
which makes the same point much better. Ac-
companying art is amazingly appropriate, and
title meets with our immediate approval.
"The Bobsey Twins Meet Ezra Pound" is a
run-around by Jan Winn-Malcolm that has a
few good lines such as "I like Art, its pretty."
It is a combination of a lot of loose facts that
look nice in print and worked nicely. The Cam-
bridge vignettes by Austin Warren of the Eng-
lish department may be somewhat difficult for
those outside Cambridge. It is clever, that is
certain, but requires a special audience.
The parody of 0. Henry's old warhorse about
the girl who cuts off her hair and the guy who
sells his watch is a gem of its tvne. The story

months of war against Japan. If
Secretary Forrestal's diary is cor-
rect, General MacArthur was call-
ing for the intervention of sixty
Red army divisions in Manchuria.
There were dissenters in the
Navy and the Air Force who be-
lieved Japan could be defeated by
sea and air power. But the con-
sensus of military opinion was
that Russian intervention was
necessary if the enormous casu-
alties of a landing in Japan were
to be avoided. The paramount idea
in the minds of most Americans
was how to end the war quickly,
cheaply, and victoriously, and not
how to win the best position for a
good political settlement after the
war was over. As I recall the mood
of Congress and of public opinion
at the time, the sacrifice of Am-
erican lives for the sake of a post-
war settlement would have been
regarded as verging on betrayal
of the vital interest of the Amer-
ican people in saving the lives of
their sons. Churchill and Stalin
came to Yalta with their eyes fix-
ed on the postwar settlement, and
each was prepared to take military
risks and to pay a military price.
Not so the Americans, beginning
with Roosevelt and including al-
most all the rest of us.
WE KNOW now that the mili-
tary leaders had overesti-
mated Japan's resistance. The
Japanese war could have been
won, and in fact was won, with-
out the assistance of the Red Ar-
my. It is, therefore, true to say
that Roosevelt was overanxious to
buy Stalin's intervention in the
Far East. He could, we now see,
have gambled on a victory with-
out Soviet participation. This,
however, leaves open the question
of what the United States would
have done, had Stalin intervened
anyway, seizing what he wanted.
It is not easy to answer that very
iffy question.
In February 1945 in the Euro-
pean theater, there was no mar-
gin for gambling as theoretically
at least might have been done in
the Far East. Had the Red Army
sat down, or worse still, made a
de facto truce with elements of
the German army, the danger to
Eisenhower would have been enor-
that the Western democracies
had become grossly dependent for
their security upon the power of
the Red Army. In February 1945
they had not yet become able to

(Continued from Page 2)
for Research, Development, Applica-
tion, Construction, Sales, Service, Man-
ufacturing. U.S. citizens only.
Humble Oil & Reining Co., Marine
Div., Houston, Texas-I levels in Na-
val Arch. and Marine Engrg. for Engrg.
in Conjunction with Production, Field
Tues., April 19
Liberty Mutual Insurance Co., De-
troit, Mich.-B.S. in all Engrg. pro-
grams for applied engrg as loss pre-
vention specialist.
Continental Can Co., New York, N.Y.
-B.S, in Civil, Elect., Ind. E., Engrg
Mech., all levels in Mech., Metal.,
Chem. E., Physics, BusAd. for Research,
Design, Development, Production, Sales,
Quality Control.
Newport News Shipbuilding & Dry
Dock Co., Newport News, Va.-B.S. &
M.S. in Civil, Elect., Mech., Metal, E.,
Engrg. Mech., Math., and Physics for
Design and Development. U.S. citizens
Alied Products Corp., Richard Bros.
Punch Div., Detroit, Mich.-B.S. & M.S.
in Id, and Mech. E. for Production
and Plant Engrg.
Wed., April 20
S. Morgan Smith Co., York, Penn.-
B.S. in Mech. E. for Jr. Engrg. Training
Program, Design, Manufacturing, Sides.
Haven-Busch Co., Grand Rapids,
Mich.-B.S. & M.S. in Civil E. and
Arch. (Structural Steel background) for
Sales Representative Trainee.
A.C. Spark Plugs, Gen'1. Motors Corp.,
Milwaukee, Wis.-B.S. & M.S. in Aero.,
Elect., and Mech. E., Math. and Physics,
U.S.,citizens, for Field Engrg. Develop-
ment, & Reserch
For appointments contact the Engrg.
Placement Office, 347 W. E., ext. 2182.
Representatives from the following
will be at the Bureau of Appointments:
Mon., Apr. 18
Royal-Liverpool Insurance Group,
New York, NY.-men with any back-
ground, June and August grads, for
Sales Promotion, Risk Analysts, Posi-
tions countrywide.
Procter and Gamble Co., Cincinnati,
Ohio-Women in LS&A end BusAd for
Market Research Dept. to do consumer
research work involving extensive trav-
eling-anywhere in U.S.
Winkelman's, Detroit, Mich. - men
and women, any field, for Training in
Retailing and Store Operation.
Tues., April 19
UARCO, Inc., Business Forms, Chica-
go, -I1.-men in LS&A and BusAd for
Gen'l. Business Trainee and Jr. Ac-
countant positions.
Argus, Ann Arbor, Mich. - men in
LS&A for Sales and Administration
Schuster's Department Stores, Mil-
waukee, Wis.-men and women in
LS&A and Marketing, Econ., and Re-
tailing for Jr. Executive Training Pan.
Ball Bros. Co., Inc., Muncie, Ind.-
men in LS&A, BusAd., and Engrg. in-
terested in Sales for Sales Training,
Rogers Publishing Co., Detroit, Mich.
(publishers of Design News)-women
with a Journalism and Shorthand back-
ground for a position as Secretarial As-
sistant on Specil Editorial Projects.
Wed., April 20
Bauer-Black Co., Div. of the Kendall
Co., Chicago, 111.-men in LS&A and
BusAd for Sales.
Thurs., April 21
Aetna Casualty & Surety Co., Hart-
ford, Conn.-men in LS&A and BusAd
for Field Representative positions any-
where in U.S., also considering men for
Claims, Acetg., and Underwriting.
Aero Chart & Information Center, St.
Louis, Mo.-men and women in Geog-
raphy or Geology, for mapping.
For appointments contact the Bureau
of Appointments, 3528 Ad. Bldg., Ext.
American Chemical society Lecture.
Wed., April 13 at 8:00 p.m. in Room 1300
Chemistry. Dr. William Rieman of Rut-
gers University will discuss "Ion Ex-
change, A New Tool for the Analytical
Undergraduate Zoology Club. "Photo-
graphic Foray in Florida Wild Life,"
Narrated motion film by Dow V. Bax-
ter, professor of natural resources. Wed.,
April 13, 3:00 p.m. 1139 N.S. Open to
Sigma Xi meeting 8:00 p.m, Wed.,
April 13 in Rackham Amphitheater. Dr.
Robert C. Elderfield, professor of Chem-
istry, will speak on "Recent Develop-
ments in the Control of Malaria." Pub-
lic invited. Refreshments.
Dr. Robert R. Shrock, Massachusetts
Institute of Technology, will give the
last of a series of lectures sponsored by
the Department of Geology Thurs.,
Apr. 14 at 4:15 p.m. in the Natural Sci-
ence Auditorium on "Patterns of Be-
havior-a Special Kind of Fossil."

Student Bar Association presents the
special lecture, "Execution, Attachment,
and Garnishment," by Miss Rosemary
Scott, practicing lAwyer of Grand Rap-
ids, Thurs., April 14 at 7:00 p.m. in
Room 120, Hutchins Hall.
"Employment Possibilities and Inter-
ests in International Organizations,"
Wed., April 13, 3:30-5:00 p.m. in 2413
Mason Hall. Miss Jane Weidlund, for-
mer UN assistant program officer, Office
for Europe, Africa and the Middle East,
Technical Assistance Administration.
Open to public.
Academic Notices
Doctoral Examination for John W.
Coy, Mathematics; thesis: "A Differen-
ttial Calculus in a Matrix Algebra,"
Wed., April 13, East Council Room,
Rackham Bldg., at 3:00 p.m. Chairman,
P. S. Dwyer.
Sociology Colloquium. Wed., April 13,
4:00 p.m. in the East Conference Room,
Rackham Building; Dr. Fred L. Strod-
beck, University of Chicago, "An Em-
pirical Study of Juror Behavior."
Geometry Seminar will meet Wed.,
April 13, at 7:00 p.m. in 3001 A.H. Prof.
J. R. Buchi will speak on "Invariant
Theory in Groups."
Mathematics Seminar Notice: Because
of the Preliminary examinations to be
held on Wednesday afternoon, April
13, the following seminars will not
meet, Topology, Automorphic Func-

The School of Natural Resources will
hold an Honors Convocation at 11 a.m.
Thursday, April 14, at which Alumni
awards will be presented. The coopera-
tion of instructors in other schools is
requested in excusing students of the
School of Natural Resources for this
Seminar In Organic Chemstry.
Thurs., April 14 at 7:30 p.m. In Room
1300 Chemistry. Mr. Kenneth L. Bur-
gess will speak on "Asymmetric Induc-
Seminar in Analytical - Inorganic-
Physical Chemistry. Thurs., April 14 at
7:30 p.m. in Room 3005 Chemistry. Mr.
Goji Kodama will speak on "Dipole
Moments of Alkyl Phosphines."
Astronomical Colloquium. Thurs.
April 14, 4:15 'p.m., the Observatory.
Dr. Gilbert Plass of Johns Hopkins Uni-
versity will speak on "Radiation Prob-
lems in the Earth's Atmosphere."
402 Interdisciplinary Seminar on the
Application of Mathematics to Social
Science will meet on Thurs., April 14,
Rm. 3401 Mson Hall, from 4:00 to 5:30
p.m. J. Marschak (Cowles Commission,
University of Chicago) will speak on
"suggested Experiments on Tastes and
Seminar in Applied Mathematics will
meet Thurs., April 14, at 4:00 in Rni.
247 West Engineering. Mr. Andrew L,.
Maffett of WRRC will speak on Physi-
cal optics approximations for obtaining
rAdar cross-sections.
Zoology Seminar: Grace Thomas, De-
partment of Zoology, will speak on
"Some Aspects of the Biology of a
Clam of the Family Sphaeriidae," on.
Wednesday, April 13, at 4:15 p.m., in the
Natural Science Auditorium,
Student Recital. Forinda Suguitan,
pianist, 8:30 p.m., Wed., April 13, in the
Rackham Assembly Hall. Recital in par-
tial fulfillment of the requirements for
the degree of Master of Music. A pupil
of Joseph Brinkman, Miss Suguitan will
play compositions by Purcell, Mozart,
Debussy, and Bach. Open to the public.
Exhibitions, Museum of Art, Alumni
Memorial Hall. Bruguiere Photographs.
A Student Collects through May 1.
Hours: 9:00-5:00 p.m. weekdays. 2:00-
5:00 p.m. Sundays. The public is in-
Events Today
Le Cercle Francals will sponsor a spe-
cial full-length feature film in French,
"Carnival in Flanders," Wed., April 1
at 7:30 p.m. in the League. Free for
members. Bring your membership
card!l Membership crds will be on sale
for 75c which will include free admis-
sion to the French play, "LAvare," on
May 4.
Near Eastern Research Club, Wed.,.
April 13, in the E. Lecture Room, Rack-,
ham Building, 8:00-9:30 p.m. Jahangir
Amuzegar, lecturer in economics, will
speak on, "Point Four In Iran."
Episcopal Student Foundation. Stu-
dent Breakfast at Canterbury House,
Wed., April 13, after the 7:00 a.m. Holy
Pershing Rifles. Meet at TCB at 1931
hrs. Wed., April 13 for regular com-
pany drill.
Wesleyan Guild. Wed., April 13. Mid-
week Tea in the lounge, 4:00-5:15 p.m.
Mid-week Worship in the chapel pt
5:15 p.m.
Frosh Weekend. Maize team costume
committee meeting tonight, 7:00 pam.
in the League. Frosh Weekend. Maize
team floorshow rehearsals, Wed., April
13 Group 2, 7:00 p.m.; Group 6, 8:00
p.m.; Thurs., April 14, Mass Meeting,
7:00 p.m.; Sat. April 16, Group 7a and
7b, 10:00 a.m.; Sun., April 17, Groups
8 and 9, 3:00 p.m.; Group 1, 4:00 p.m.;
Mon., April 18, Group 5, 7:00 p.m. and
Groups 3 and 4, 8:00 p.m.
Coming Events
University Day host meetings Thurs.,
April 14, at 4:00 and 7:30 p.m. in Room
3KLM of the Michigan Union. All Uni-
versity Day Hosts are required to at-
tend one of these meetings.
Undergraduate Mathematics Club.
Willow Run trip: Sat., April 16. If you
wish to go, please sign the list in one of
the offices of the mathematics depart-
ment, 3012 Angell Hall or 274 West Engi.
neering Building by Wed., April 13. If
you will have access to a car, please

sign up to drive.
Meeting of all interested in working
toward eliminating discrimination in
housing in Ann Arbor. Thurs., Apr.
14, 4:30 p.m. Lane Hall.
La Petite Causette will meet Thurs.,
Apr. 14 from 3:30-5:00 p.m. in the left
room of the Michigan Union cafeteri.
Scrabble en francais.
Episcopal Student Foundation. Stu-
dent Breakfast at Canterbury House,
Thurs., April 14, after the 7:00 a.tn. Holy
Congregational-Disciples Guild. Fri.,
Apr. 15, 8:30 p.m., Exchange Party with
the Wesleyan Guild. Square dancing,
games, refreshments, at the Wesley
Foundation Lounge, State and Huron
Streets. 35c person.
Christian Science Organization Testi-
monial Meeting, 7:30 p.m. Thurs., Fire-
side Room, Lane Hll.
InternationalkCenter Tea. Thurs., 4:30-
6:00 p.m., Rackham Building.
Sailing Club. Meeting Thurs. at 7:45
p.m. in 311 W. Eng.
Mid-Week Vespers sponsored by the
Westminster Student Fellowship in the
sanctuary of the Presbyterian Church
Thurs., April 14, 5:10-5:35 p.m.
WCBN - East Quad staf meeting,
Thurs., April 14, 7:15 p.m. in the Hins-
dale Study hall. Attendance required. t

much less against, the Red Army.
This is the key to Yalta. It is true
that the Western allies had be-
come less dependent than they
were from 1941 to 1944, and that
American power, if its development
had been sustained for another
year or two, might have made the
West independent and superior.
But at Yalta, the West paid the
political price for having failed to
deter Hitler in the 30's, for having
failed to unite and to rearm
against him. The domination of
the Yalta conference by Stalin
was founded upon the weakness of
the democratic West in the years
before Yalta. From the day Hitler
attacked Russia in June 1941-six
months before Pearl Harbor -
until the middle of 1944 the de-
fense of what remained of West-
ern Europe, and the prospect of
mounting an invasion to liberate
Western Europe and Scandinavia,
depended upon the fact that Rus-
sia was absorbing the force of Hit-
ler's blows.
No one is a good historian or a
fair judge of the mistakes made
at Yalta if he allows himself to
forget the military weakness of
the West during the first years of
the war. For the errors, apart from
the verbal indiscretions, of the
Westeners at Yalta reflected the
experience, the wishful thinking,
and the rationalizations of men
who during long agonizing years
had had to depend so much too
much upon the fighting power of
the Red Army.
IN THIS perspective then the
mistakes are still mistakes, and
the unhappy chitchat is still too
bad. But those of us who point the
finger today have no ground for
self-righteousness. How many are
there in public and private life-
apart from Churchill and his few
supporters-who really worked to
keep the West from being too weak
to take care of itself? Who de-
manded massive rearmament in
the '30's? Who worked for an al-
liance to deter aggression, to de-
fend the West? A mere handful.
Yet if Stalin's commanding po-
sition at Yalta is to be understood,
we must remember what had hap-
pened in London, Paris, and Wash-
ington during the years while Hit-
ler was rearming Germany and
while Japan was conquering Chi-
na. We must not forget that we
were not ready to set foot upon
the European continent until two
and a half years after Hitler de-
clared war against us. In those





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