SUNDAY, NOVEMBER 7,1954
THE MICHIGAN DAILY
SUNDAY, NOVEMBER 7,1954 THE MICHIGAN DAILY PAGI~ FIVE
. .1i1l1 L(. li i 1 iA..
SUCCESSOR TO EDC:
WEU Latest European Unity Attempt
By WARREN BENNETT
AP Newsfeatures Writer
The Western European Union is
the latest in a long series of his-
toric attempts to unify Europe.
When ratified, it will bring a
near-sovereign and rearmed West
Germany into an Atlantic com-
munity of 340 million free people
mobilized for mutual security
against the threat of Communist
WEU is only one of the postwar
efforts to bring about economic,
political and cultural cooperation
on the continent. Other coopera-
tive efforts include the Council of
Europe, the Coal-Steel Pool, the
European Customs Union, the
Organization for European Eco-
Over and above these is the
North Atlantic Treaty Organiza-
tion, in which the military forces
of the West are integrated.
WEU is the direct successor of
the European Defense Community,
which was torpedoed by the
French Assembly. It is an expan-
sion of the Brussels pact of 1948
which linked Britain, France and
the Benelux countries together.
Italy and Wset Germany have been
WEU contains many of the fea-
tures of EDC but omits two of its
chief stumbling blocks: suprana-
tional control and a unified army.
Some measure of international
control is to be maintained
through NATO supervision of arms
allotments and the size of indi-
vidual member nation's armies.
The accompanying six one-col-
umn maps show some of the his-
torical attempts to unify Europe.
The first and by far the most
vast was the Roman empire which
lasted more than three centuries
and encompassed most of the then
civilized world. Only Germany,
sparsely inhabited then by bar-
baric tribes, remained outside the
domain of Roman legions. It at-
tained its greatest area under the
reign of Emperor Trajan in 117
A. D., w h e n Roman territory
stretched from the tip of Spain all
the way to the Caspian Sea.
The next important empire was
that of Charlemagne who in 800
ruled the greater part of Western
Europe, from the Ebro River in
Spain to the Elbe in Germany.
But Charlemagne's empire was di-
vided among his heirs, according
to Frankish custom. The Treaty of
Verdun in 843 split the empire in-
to three parts, one to each of his
The Holy Roman Empire was a
loose, rather ineffective combine.
German kings, beginning with Ot-
MAML USIZ 149*0103
Olson To Talk*
To 3 Groups
Dean Willard Olson of the School
of Education will give three out-of-
town talks in connection with Amer-
ican Education Week (Nov. 8-12).
Tomorrow he will speak to the
staff of the State Department of
Public Instruction in Lansing on
"Growth and Development of Chil-
dren." Prof. Warren A. Ketcham,
of the education school, will be
one of the discussants at the meet-
On Tuesday, Dean Olson will
speak to the student body and fac-
ulty at Bowling Green State Uni-
versity, Bowling Green,. Ohio, and
Wednesday, he will talk at Green-
field Village to the parents and
staff of the Greenfield Village
175 French Prints
"Contemporary French Print-
Making" with works by 20th Cen-
tury artists is now on view in the
Graphic Arts Galleries of the De-
troit Institute of Arts, 5200 Wood-
ward Ave., Detroit.
Totaling 175, the prints are in all
mediums from color lithography to
drypoint and etching.
Utrillo, Matisse, Picasso, Braque,
Roualt, and Dufy are the earlier
painters and the new members of
the Paris school are represented
by such moderns as Brianchon and
The United States 60,000-ton
"super" aircraft carrier "Forres-
tal," now under construction, will
have what is said to be the largest
and strongest anchor chain of any
vessel afloat. Each link will weigh
about 360 pounds.
TALCAHUANO, Chile (A) --
Water was lacking, but plenty
of Chilean wine was on hand
when fire broke out the other
night at the restaurant-dance
hall El Rosedale.
Patrons cracked open three
casks and quenched the flames
with about 500 gallons of wine.
Then they were rewarded with
other wine on the house.
DAC To Hold
Panel on Shaw
"George Bernard Shaw: Anci-
ent or Modern?" will be the top-
ic of a panel discussion at the dra-
matic Arts Center today.
The discussion will follow a per-
formance of Shaw's "Arms and
the Man." The panel will include
Prof. Donald Pierce and Prof. Ed-
win H. Engel of the English depart-
ment and Joe Gistirak, director of
Curtain time for "Arms and'the
Man," now in its third week, is
The discussion is open to DAC
members and their guests. Late
permission has been obtained for
There will be a meeting of the
Union opera make-up committee at
4 p.m. today in the opera offices,
third floor of the Union. All those
interested are invited to attend.
'U' Radio Program To Relate
Struggle for Women's Ballot
Struggle for the women's vote
will be the subject of the third
program in a new University radio
Entitled "Radio Workshp" the
series can be heard from 6:30 to
6:45 p.m. Sundays on WHRV. All
scripts are written by students
and enacted by student casts.
This week's script, "The Win-
ning of the Vote," was written by
Louise Cain, last semester, when
she was a graduate student in
speech. Scripts for this year's
shows have come from both the
dramatic writing class taught by
Prof. Edgar Willis of the speech
department, and the continuity
writing class which Prof. Edward
Stasheff of the speech department,
The basic purpose of the series,
Prof. Willis said, is to give stu-
dents experience in broadcasting.
A fifteen minute show requires
only three hours of rehearsal and
it is therefore not a drain on
their time he explained.
Angell To Attend
Prof. Robert C. Angell of the
sociology department, will attend
the 8th general conference of
UNESCO to be held in Monte-
video, Uruguay, November 11
through December 7.
He is a member of the Ameri-
can delegation to the conference
Club To Meet
The newly formed European
Club will hold an organizational
meeting at 7:30 p.m. tomorrow in
the Michigan Room of the League.
Business will include approval of
the club constitution and a vote of
confidence in the present execu-
t i v e committee. Refreshments,
dancing and entertainment will
follow the meeting.
The club is open to all European
students and faculty.
Bromage To Talk
Prof. Arthur W. Bromage of the
political science department will
address a session at the 16th an-
nual conference of the National
Municipal League to be held in
Kansas City, Mo., yesterday
9:30 TO 5:30 DAILY
MONDAY THROUGH SATURDAY
1t I IY
to I in 963 took the title of em-
peror. Since tradition demanded
that an emperor could only be
crowned in Rome by the Pope, the
Teutonic kings made expeditions
to Rome at the head of an army
of German princes to be invested
with the title.
Europe during the Middle Ages
was an area of independent king-
doms and feuding lords. In the
19th Century, Napoleon Bonaparte,
the little Corsican, became the
greatest soldier in the history of
France and by his battlefield ex-
ploits extended French rule from
Spain and Italy into most of what
is now Germany.
Napoleon's invasion of Russia
and defeat at Moscow in 1812 did
much to bring about his overthrow
N APs' '4wsfeatures
and exile two years later. Almost a
century and a half later, Adolf
Hitler was to make the same mili-
tary blunder and the cost of his
disastrous Russian campaign was
The two German attempts to
dominate the continent of Europe
were shortlived but culminated in
world wars, embroiling nations far
removed from the Old World.
History records that many of
the attempts to unify Europe were
by military means by people who
today would be called dictators.
The current moves for unity in
Western Europe today are being
made primarily because of the
threat of Russian arms. The para-
mount aspect of WEU today is for
security but there is recognition of
the need for political, economic
and cultural cooperation.
One of the big new factors is a
major change in British policy.
England last month abandoned
her traditional position of main-
taining a balance of power in Eur-
ope so that her own decisions
would be decisive if necessary. Bri-
tish Foreign Secretary Anthony
Eden pledged that British troops
would be maintained on the con-
tinent, committed in advance to
her Western European allies.
This is tacit recognition that the
balance of power in Europe today
is in the hands of Soviet Russia
and the United States. British par-
ticipation in WEU may in the end
bring about a Europe capable of
exercising a balance of power
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