SUNDAY, OCTOBER 31, 1954
_. _ _...v .. , ,
DEMS VS. GOP:
Last Whacks Taken at Issues
In Congressional Elections
Vote Democrat .
AFTER TWO long years of smears, give-
aways and bungling in both domestic and
foreign affairs, citizens can now change the
composition of their Congress.
Important voter considerations Nov. 2 will
be unemployment, the trickle-down tax policy,
an unrealistic farm policy, the give-away of
our natural resources, foreign policy blunders
Unemployment, as the Republicans have fi-
gured it, is about five per cent of the entire
labor market. But what Republicans, in their
odd way of explaining, have not included in this
figure are workers who never qualified for un-
employment compensation, those whose un-
employment checks have already run out but
haven't found a job, those who have just en-
tered the labor market, and those on reduced-
Were these figres included, Michigan's un-
employment figure alone might jump from an
over-all 10.1 per cent to 12 or 13 per cent.
'Trickle-down' Taxes . .
But these facts are not mentioned by Re.
"Trickle-down" tax policy, too, indicates Re-
publican concern is primarily for the big busi-
nessman rather than the "average" worker
or citizen. The Grand Alilance of big business
in the Republican cabinet has made sure larg-
er corporations in the United States can sell
fewer goods, hire far less people, and make
the biggest profits in hitsory.
Meanwhile, bankruptcy of small and medium
size businesses is up one-third from 1952.
But distinct bias in favor of the "Big Boys"
might have been expected from the Republican
Mr. Agriculture Secretary Benson's farm pro-
gram is another unrealistic Republican policy.
Mr. Benson figures that in good years, when
price supports are not needed, he will raise
them to the maximum. But in poor years, when
farmers can't make ends meet support prices
will be lowered as far as the law allows.
What Mr. Benson fails to comprehend is that
if a farmer can't make a living selling 100
bushels of wheat, he will grow and sell 200
bushels, causing an increase, not a decrease, in
Estimating the total amount of natural re-
sources which have been given away to private
control would be impossible-that the figure
would run far into the billions of dollars is
Off-shore oil resources alone amounted to
several billions of dollars. Guaranteeing the
Dixon-Yates power companies a nine per cent
return on their investment marked an even
more scandalous "grab" of the public's pro-
perty and rights.
But then, a government by big business could
hardly be expected to keep the public interests
The Forgotten Issue ' .
Foreign policy, the so-called "forgotten is-
sue" in the campaign does not weigh favorably
on the Republican side either.
From the beginning of Dulles' foreign policy
by slogans, the announcement and subsequent
retraction of the "massive retaliation" idea, to
the failure to appoint an ambassador to Rus-
sia in time to keep'close tabs on events fol-
lowing Stalin's death and the fiasco of the
Geneva and London Conferences, Republican
businessmen have shown complete incompe-
tence to act like statesmen of the most power-
ful country in the world.
For the first time since the adoption of the
Democratic containment policy, the free world
has retreated to the Communist-dominated bloc
by failing to either negotiate at the right time,
or send enough military aid to retain Indo-
China in the Western bloc.
At both the Geneva Conference and the
London Conference, it was obviously British
and Canadian officials who led the Western
powers; Dulles became the bewildered "diplo-
mat" with the "What about me?" look on his
Our Republican ambassador in Guatemala
runs around the blood-stained streets intrig-
uing .to secure a government favorable. to the
United Fruit interests and later announces his
intrigues to the public, and our Republican am-
bassador in Italy fails to deter deGasperi from
resigning before all election votes are counted,
with the result that the strongly pro-Western
premier resigned when he could have won if
he had been encouraged to "wait it out."
'Nixonism' . *
One of the most far-reaching issues in the
campaign is Republican adoption of "Nixonism"
as a campaign weapon. Running "scared," be-
cause of public opposition to their program,
Republicans have resorted to smears and accu-
sations which indicate that the GOP has been
captured by its right-wing. This leaves former
Republican liberals out in the cold. Either,
like Ives, they can go along. with the general
Republican campaign fodder, or, like Meek
they can support the new "Right" Republi-
cans more than ever before.
What :s unfortunate, is that by playing on
the general fear and hysteria of the mass pub-
lic, the Republicans have backed themselves
into a corner where any future would-be ac-
ceptable agreement for disarmament with the
Vote Republican . .
AS WARD-HEELERS of both parties begin
to beat the bushes in a last-minute effort
to drum up the vote for Tuesday's election,
the independent voter ought to consider a few
facts before too hastily "X-ing" the Democrat
column on the ballot.
Unemployment and farm policy have been
main targets of Democratic -attack in the cur-
rent Congressional campaign while on foreign
policy they've been strangely silent. Unem-
ployment in the nation stands at 2,700,000 ac-
cording to latest Commerce Department figures.
At the same time the nation is not engaged in
any war nor is it experiencing a period of post-
war boom expansion. Yet during 20 years of
Democrat Administration peacetime unemploy-
ment never fell below the present figure.
Unemployment Myth .,.
Only the Second World War and Korean
affair pushed unemployment below the present
level as the nation went into the factories to
produce the materials that wars are made of,
Having wars and boom periods to prop up
employment when they were in office, the
Democrats unrealistically demand the same
numbers employed in the present period of
peace-time readjustment. No responsible Ad-
ministration wants to see the people of this
country unemployed for long periods, and
Democratic insinuation that the present situ-
ation is a conspiracy of big business against the
working man is so much demagoguery. In fact
the number unemployed now is one-third the
number out of work in 1940, in spite of a 15
million increase in population.
That the Administration is aware of the
problem in Michigan particularly and is doing
something about it can be seen from the Presi-
dent's remarks in Detroit, Friday. "Unemploy-
ment is heartache; it is privation; it is dis-
couragement; and we know it. I assure you,
you have a government with a heart as well
as a head."
This is the same government that transfer-
ed the Federal Civil Defense Agency from
Washington to Battle Creek gaining for the
state a $3,250,000 pay-roll. Along the same lines
the GOP Administration has pushed through
Congress expanded Social Security and unem-
ployment benefits and initiated the Unemploy-
ment Compensation Program for Korea War
veterans. These are actions of a government
genuinely interested in easing hardships of a
frictional unemployment situation. Unemploy-
ment is one issue Democrats have seized on
as best suited to a campaign of emotion and
vituperation rather than one centering on
careful appraisal of the facts.
Farm Policy .
On the question of farm policy Democrats
have been similarly unrealistic in their cri-
ticism of the Benson program. Designed to tai-
lor price supports to the level of farm produc-
tion each year, the program wipes out the tra-
ditional Democratic high price support "give-
away" farm program.
Here again Democrats are making political
hay out of isolated objections, largely from
marginal producers, to the Administration's
new farm bill. Worth of the GOP farm pro-
gram is more accurately seen in its effect on
the economy as a whole. Based on 72% to 85
per cent sliding price supports, the Republi-
can policy is designed to raise over-all farm
income over a period of years by moving the
marginal producer into other industries. Ap-
proval of Administration farm policy has been
characteristic of the reception given Agricul-
ture Secretary Benson in his talks with farm-
ers and farming groups throughout the coun-
Foreign Affairs * .
The turnabout in our foreign policy is one
area Democrats have not ventured to make a
major issue in all the campaign hullabaloo.
When they were voted out of office in 1952 the
nation was engaged in a stalemated Korean
War with apparently no way out. On almost
every front the Soviet sheld the diplomatic and
propaganda initiative. Within two years the
costly and increasingly embarrasing Korean
affair was brought to a conclusion, the free
nations of Southeast Asia molded into a de-
fense agreement similar to the North Atlan-
tic Treaty Organization and the states of Wes-.
tern Europe came to accept a rearmed Ger-
many's entry into the western alliance at the
historic London Conference earlier this month.
Poreign experts have generally agreed that the
diplomatic initiative in the "Cold War" is for
the time being in the hands of the Western
Instrumental in effecting this turn-about of
affairs has been the policy making of the Pre-
sident and his oft-maligned Secretary of State
Dulles. While support of the GOP foreign pol-
icy in Congress has been admittedly bi-parti-
san a switch to Democratic majorities in the
Houses during the next two years could wipe
out many of the gains so far. The day-to-day
workings of foreign policy could be severly
handicapped by the obstructionism of a Demo.-
cratic Party looking ahead to the '56 Presi-
With the nation enjoying the highest level
over-all prosperity in years, free from involve-
ment in wars or police actions anywhere, with
the advances of the Soviets halted in Europe
and Asia and the menace of communism at
DREW PEARSON :
WASHINGTON-There is an in-
teresting comparison between
what the U.S. Steel Corporation
is doing on the Orinoco River in
Venezuela and what it's refusing
to do on the Delaware river in
the United States.
U.S. Steel, which brings iron
ore from Venezuela,hhas agreed to
dredge the Orinoco river for the
Venezuelan government free. Fur-
thermore, it has agreed to dredge
the river each year, also free. To
make up for this, U.S. Steel charg-
es about a dollar a ton extra for
Venezuelan ore in the U.S., which
means that American consumers
pay higher steel prices.
Simultaneously, U.S. Steel,
thanks to Sen. Ed Martin of Penn-
sylvania, was able to sneak a neat
provision through Congress that
the Delaware river be dredged for
the benefit of the U.S. Steel Cor-
poration-at the taxpayers' ex-
During the closing weeks of
Congress, Martin slipped this $91,-
000,000 authorization into the riv-
ers and harbors omnibus bill to
dredge the upper Delaware river
to a depth of 40 feet. This would
be for the almost exclusive use of
U.S. Steel to bring its Venezuelan
ore up to its Ben Fairless plant in
The army engineers had recom-
mended only a 35-foot depth for
the upper Delaware - standard
depth for all ocean ports and
channels. And they argued that
the additional five-foot depth
should be paid by the U.S. Steel
Corporation-a cost amounting to
$18,000,000. But U.S. Steel refused.
So its friend, Senator Martin, pro-
ceeded to sneak his rider through
Congress by which the taxpayers
addled with the entire cost of the
Delaware river giveaway.
This little $91,000,000 bonanza,
incidentally, is almost the same as
the $95,000,000 authorization for
the St. Lawrence waterway voted
by congress. The only difference is
that the taxpayers get paid back
with interest for the St. Lawrence.
They don't get paid back for
dredging the upper Delaware.
Note-Congressman John Blat-
nik of Minnesota, one of the chief
pushers of the St. Lawrence water-
way, points out that the $91,000,-
000 authorized for the upper Dela-
ware would have completed the
connecting channels of the St.
Lawrence project all the way up
to Duluth, a distance of a thous-
and miles, whereas the upper
Delaware Is to be deepened less
than 50 miles.
Oppenheimer and FBI
There's been a lot of mystery as
to why two FBI agents stopped
scientist J. Robert Oppenheimer
when he flew back to New York
from a brief vacation to the Vir-
gin Islands recently. Here is the
inside story of what happened.
The two FBI agents questioned
Oppenheimer on a story carried
in a New York newspaper that he
had received an offer from the
Russians to work for them on
"Look, fellows," replied the fam-
ous scientist, "if I am ever ap-
proached along these lines, don't
worry. You won't have to seek me
out, I'll seek you out."
James Tumulty, nephew of
Woodrow Wilson's famed secre-
tary, and a Democratic candidate
for congress from New Jersey, is
openly pro-McCarthy . . . some
Democratic leaders privately would
just as soon let the Republicans'
keep a majority in Congress. They
fear that if the Democrats control
both houses, the Republicans will
have a good political alibi for lack
of political progress .
(Copyright, 1954, by the Bell Syndicate)
Q; 4 r
Edited and managed by students of
the University of Michigan under the
authority of the Board In Control of
Eugene Hartwig.......Managing Editor
Dorothy Myers............... City Editor
Jon Sobelof..........Editorial Director
Pat Roelofs........Associate City Editor
Becky Conrad.........Associate Editor
Nan Swinehart... ... ... Associate Editor
Dave Livingston........Sports Editor
Hanley Gurwin.....Assoc. Sports Editor
.Associate Sports Editor
Roz Shlimovitz........Women's Editor
Joy Squires.... Associate women's Editor
Janet Smith..Associate Women's Editor
Dean Morton......Chief Photographer
Lois Polak........Business Manager
Phil Brunskill, Assoc. Business Manager
Bill Wise......Advertising Manager
Mary Jean Monkoski. Finance Manager
,; : -
"Y' Mean The Talk Of Llnmployment
Wasn't Just Talk?"
. '§ CL II~
O 9sT!G vtA fKrn4r_.. ti.r.. r.
i r w i i i i i i i i i r
The Week in Review
Local .. .
AN EARLY MORNING fire at 508 Monroe claimed the lives of two
women, one a University graduate student. The cause of the blaze
is still unknown.
Most of the house's tenants were married students, two of whom
were injured. Four undergraduate men living in the house had not re-
ceived University approval to live out so that the Arministration has
promised a tightening up of this program.
The city, meanwhile, has promised to step up its investigations on
fire infractions especially after it was reported that.the window screen
over the fire escape was stuck.
After things quieted down, the survivors had much praise for the
neighboring South Quad men who came out in the freezing 32 degree
weather to assist in the rescue work.
UNCOOPERATION: Scheduled flu vaccine tests were called off
after full cooperation was not received from the volunteering groups,
the IFC, IHC and various co-operative houses.
The quota of 2,000 could not be met and it was deemed unfeasible
to conduct the tests on a smaller scale.
SEVERANCE-The Student Legislature indefinitely tabled a mo-
tion proposing severance pay for H. Chandler Davis, dismissed from
the faculty after appearing before a Senate investigating committee in
The following day the University Faculty Senate appointed com-
mittees to study the questions of severance pay and other faculty rights
and duties, but the Senate then defeated a motion to have the com-
mittee's findings made applicable to both Davis and Prof. Mark Nick-
erson, also dismissed after appearing before the same group.
ANNIVERSARY: The Union reached its 50th year on campus and
marked the anniversary by a stone-laying ceremony of a $2,900,000
Union addition scheduled for completion in 1956.
HONORARIES: Tapping for honoraries was in full swing this week
as the Druids, Hectorians, Sphinx, Triangles and Vulcans gathered a
total of 29 students and 3 honorary members.
National .. .
WITH NOV. 2 approaching fast, national politicking went into full
swing. Most pundits have predicted a Democratic victory if for
no other reason than the true-in-the-past-fact that the party in of-
fice loses in the off-year election.
Attempting to overcome the apathy of Detroit, Pres. Eisenhower
made a sudden trip to that city to deliver a campaign speech.
NEW TV PROGRAM: For the first time, a Cabinet meeting was
televised nationally to give an intimate glimpse of policy-making in
action. At the obviously rehearsed program the Cabinet members asked
Sec. John Foster Dulles questions about the new West European de-
fense plan which he predicted would be passed by all nations involved.
International .. .
THOUGH THE Russians asked for a Big Four meeting immediately,
English Prime Minister Winston Churchill told the House of Com-
mons that he has turned down the bid until the Western nations rati-
fy the agreements made at the recent London conference.
Churchill did not, however, renounce his long-cherished, long-
standing proposal to meet with the Russians before his own retirement.
PAPA WINS ALL: Author Ernest ("Papa") Hemingway won this
year's Nobel Prize for Literature making him the sixth American to
win the literature prize. Specifically cited was his most recent novel,
"The Old Man and the Sea" which received the Pulitzer Prize in 1953.
To the Editor:
IN URGING the institution of a
one-semester course in elemen-
tary legal and financial proce-
dures, I speak on behalf of the nu-
merous students not majoring in
economics or Business Adminis-
tration who desire the informa-
tion such a course would offer.
The subject matter in the pro-
posed course should be designed
to permit ready practical applica-
tion when the individual, after
graduation, . is finally making
money and seeking desirable ways
to spend it, or when he needs le-
gal aid and must know what to
look for in the law and in the
lawyer. The course could consider,
therefore, the nature and theory
of investments (in stocks, bonds,
etc.), how to obtain a loan or fi-
nance a home, the characteristics
of various types of insurance, in
what instances to secure a lawyer,
how to behave and what to expect
in court, and could include a brief
discussion of the more important
state and federal statutes of which
one might run afoul-or wish to
Basic legal and financial ter-
minology (such as "52 preferred,"
"attainder," etc.), which would
be included in this course of law
and finance for the layman,
would make reading and conver-
sation more meaningful and prove
invaluable in the interpretation
of deeds, contracts and other le-
This suggested course would
condense the practical material
offered in the multitude of eco-
nomics and Business Administra-
tion courses, thereby permitting
the mAny students who have nei-
ther the time nor the inclination
to take these many courses to
gain, in manageable portions, the
practical knowledge of law and of
finance which would be of im-
mense benefit in everyday life.
Such a course in the practical
application ofslaw and finance
would not only be most interest-
ing, but would fill a long-empty
-and oftentimes embarassing-
void in the lives of many students.
-Lynne Zimmerman, 56
To the Editor:
CONGRATULATIONS to the
Michigan Union on the anni-
versary of fifty years of service to
the Michigan student body. We of
the Panhellenic Association Board
send best wishes and congratula-
tions from all the University of
Michigan affiliated women.
May your future plans and ac-
tviities be as successful as those of
the past fifty years, and we will
be looking forward to working
* * *
Hockey Fees . .
To the Editor:
I AM A freshman from the state
of Minnesota where hockey is
big sport in the high schools and
colleges. I have been a hockey
fan for several years now and have
looked forward to seeing the Mich-
igan team in action this winter.
I have been informed that a per-
son desiring to watch the Michigan
hockey team in action must buy
a separate ticket for each game
he wishes to see and that the tui-
tion does not cover this. Why is
this? The University of Minne-
sota has student tickets for stud-
ents who have paid their fees. Ce-
tainly the University of Michigan
i4. -nt ninr + l a anlr cntt o
least four (and probably more)
men on campus that realize the im-
portance and significance of the
flag. Everyone is not ignorant of
the respect' due the flag. We will
even go one step further. How
about proper respect and ceremo-
ny due the National Emblem when
it is taken down at the football
games. We noticed the absence of
these thiings and hope that the
concerned parties will. take more
than particular note of them.
-Clyde W. Coxey
Henry J. Bloem
Bob G. Bettiga
* * *
Ifho's Responsible ...
To the Editor:
N REGARD to Miss Roelofs' ar-
ticle, "Dem. Common Sense or
GOP Giveaway" (Oct. 27). The
GOP giveaways pale into insignif-
icance next to some of the give-
aways of the past regime. Is she
too -young to remember when Joe
Stalin asked FDR for the Balk-
ans and got it? These weren't
oil rights given away, they were
human lives and liberty. Under
whose Administration were the
nuclear bomb plans given away,
because of insufficient security
resulting from a naive attitude
towards Russia? What about tax-
payers' money that went into
private pockets thru the FHA? As
for sliding price supports this is
an attempt to remedy a problem
which has been saddled on the
present Administration. The farm
program started as a stop-gap
measure during the Great De-
pression and it has become politi-
cal suicide to attempt to modify
it. The present cost of storing sur-
plus crops alone is near $100,000
per day. Whether sliding price
supports will help or not is open
to honest debate, the answer is
not dogmatically known as im-
plied in her article. Under Harry
S. in 1949 unemployment was
higher than it is now, and the
present Congress increased the
Soc. Sec. benefits.
There are a lot of faults in
the present Administration, but
let's not forget which Adminis-
tration put Russia on the map.
We had Russia neutralized in
WW II and the balance of power
was in the hands of the Western
Allies. A realistic program at that
time would have kept it that
way. Which Administration split
Germany in two? The most na-
tionalistic nation on the conti-
nent. Did the Dems. seriously
think that the Germans won't
fight to reclaim East Germany?
If the Russians had had to
fight for the Balkans or China
they may never have gotten
these areas and the chances of
WW III would have been greatly
diminished. When WW III starts,
let's not forget which Administra-
tion gave the enemy a head start,
then let's compare the losses of
WW III with the loss of tide lands.
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
(Continued from Page 1)
For further information about these
or other job opportunities contact the
Bureau of Appointments, 3528 Admin-
istration Bldg., ext. 371.
A. cademic Notices
The November meeting of the Facul-
ty of the College of Literature, Science,
and the Arts for the academic year
1954-55 will be held Mon., Nov. 1, a~t
4:10 p.m. in Angell Hall, Aud. A.
Fulbright Applications and all sup-
porting material must be received in
the Graduate School, Room 1020, Rack-
ham Building, by 4:00 p.m. Mon., Nov.
1. This is the closing date for the 1955-
56 competition and it will not be ex-
Zoology Lecture, "The Chemical and
Molecular Physiology of Contraction ---
A Sequence of Three Revolutions."
Dr. W. F. H. M. Mommaerts, Associate
Professor of Biochemistry, Western Re-
serve University Medical School, 4:15
p.m., Auditorium C, Angell Hall.
Mathematics Colloquium. Tues., Nov.
2 at 4:10 p.m., 5011 Angell Hall. Profes-
sor R. M. Thrall will speak on the
"Content of Young Diagrams."
Seniors: College of L.S. fi A., and
Schools of Education, Music, and Pub-.
.lic Health. Tentative lists of seniors
for Feb. graduation have been posted
on the bulletin board in the first
floor lobby, Administration Building.
Any changes therefrom should be re-
quested of the Recorder at Office of
Registration and Records window num-
ber 1, 1513 Administration Building.
uMis. Fr.e mvi. "Anote" Sor
ternoon outdoors come to the Grad-
uate Outing Club at 2:00 p.m. Sun. at
the north entrance of the Rackham
Hillel: Sun., 8:00-10:30 p.m. Every-
one is invited to the "Hillel Harvest
Hop." Cider and donuts will be served.
Strictly casual dress. Dancing to Mel
Sachs and his orchestra. Admission for
members is 35c and 65c for non-mem-
Informal Folk Sing at Muriel Lester
Co-op, Sun., Oct. 31 at 8:00 p.m. Ev-
Unitarian Student Group. There will
be a joint meeting with the Adult Dis-
cussion Group Sun., Oct. 31 at 8:00
p.m. at the church. The following can-
didates: George Meader, Republican,
J. Henry Owens, Democrat, and Ed-
mond Taylor, Socialist Labor Party,
will discuss election issues. Everyone in-
terested is invited. Those who want
transportation will meet at Lane Hall
or in front of Alice Lloyd at 7:30.
First Baptist Church. Sun., Oct. 31.
9:45 a.m. Student Class studies Ro-.
mans. 11:00 a.m. Rev. Robert Eads of
Colgate Rochester Divinity School.
6:45 p.m. Mr. Eads will speak to Guild
on "Christian Basis of Ethical Choice."
Single graduate students are invited
to join with the Fireside Forum group
of the First Methodist Church Sun. at
7:30 p.m. in the Youth Room for a
program on missions and for sociabil-
Michigan Christian Fellowship: Rev.
Leonard verduin, from Campus Chapel,
Ann Arbor, will speak on "The Nature
of God" at 4:00 p.m., Lane Hall. Re-
freshments will be served. Everyone is
seminar on "Basic Christian Beliefs"
In the Pine room; 10 :15-seminar on
"Great Ideas of the Bible" in the Pine
room; 5:30 p.m. Fellowship supper, 35c;
6:45 evening program - Morse Saito
speaking on "Missionary Work in Ja-
WCBN-will hold auditions for U.
of M. hockey game announcers and en-
gineers at 7:15 p.m., Mon., Nov. 1 in
Rm. 3-D of the Union. All interested
students are invited to try-out.
Economics Club. Mon., Nov. 1, 8:00
p.m., Rackham Amphitheater. Lazar
Volin, of the U.S. Dept. of Agricul-
ture, will discuss "Post-Stalin Russian
Economic Policy." Public is invited.
Episcopal Student Foundation. All
Saints' Day celebrations at 7:00 and
10:15 a.m. at St. Andrew's Church,
Mon., Nov. 1. Breakfast at Canterbury
House will follow the 7:00 serviec.
Student Legislature Campus Action
Committee will meet Tues., Nov. 2 at
4:15 p.m. in the Union. The room num-
ber will be posted on the bulletin board
next to the elevators.
La P'tite Causette will meet tomor-
row from 3:30 to 5:00 p.m. in the left
wing of the Michigan Union cafeteria.
All are welcome to join us In informal
Deutscher Verein will hold its next
program at 7:30 p.m. Tues. in Room
3R of the Union. The program will
feature three well-informed speakers
on the subject "Germany 1954." Every-
one is welcome and refreshments will
La Sociedad Hispanica will hold its
weekly "tertulia" Tues., Nov. 2, in the
Telebhone NO 23-24-1