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October 21, 1954 - Image 1

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Michigan Daily, 1954-10-21

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SAAR CONTROVERSY
See Page 4

Y

Latest Deadline in the State

D43at

IL
FAIR, COOLER

VOL. LXV, No. 27

ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, THURSDAY, OCTOBER 21, 1954

SIX PAt

- U S

SIX PA

i ,

Ike's

Address

'Non-Political'
President Hints at His Retirement;
Nixon, Morse, Ferguson Also Talk
By The Associated Pres
A nation-wide "non-political" address and hint of retirement
by President Dwight D. Eisenhower preceeded a round of campaign
debates around the country from Vice-President Richard Nixon,
Sen.-Wayne Morse (Ind.-Ore.) and Sen. Homer Ferguson (R-Mich.)
yesterday.
President Eisenhower told the nation the free world's "awesome
power" which "the imposed system of Communism" can never
match" is a mighty deterrent to war."
Will Continue Tirelessly .
The President pledged that "our nation will continue tirelessly
in its quest for peace based -on justice."
Earlier in Hartford, Conn., the President, asserting that war no
longer is the question of "victory or defeat," said =that the hope of

Free College
Press Group
To Convene
Approval of a draft constitution
and election of permanent officers
are expected to highlight the first
meeting of the National Associa-
tion for a Free College Press to-
day and tomorrow in Washington,
k D..
Held in conjunction with the
annual convention of the Asso-
ciated College Press, the meeting
will outline means of investigat-
ing alleged violations of campus
press freedom and map plans
for cooperation with professional
groups interested in maintaining
freedom of information. Approxi-
mately 300 college editors and
staffers are expected to attend.
Organized by 24 college. news-
paper editors from all parts of the
country, the Association plans to
enlist a group of leading profes-
sional editors and publishers to
serve as an advisory board.
Daily Managaing Editor Eugene
Hartwig, '55, is serving as interim
president of the organization.
Daily Business Manager Lois
Pollack, '55, 'Ensian Managing
Editor Etta Lubke, 55, and 'n-
sian Business Manager Paul Gei-
ger, '55, will represent the Univer-
sity publications at the confer-
ence
Cousins Gives
Talky Today
Norman Cousins will be the fea-
tured speaker at a meeting of the
Michigan Education Association at
9:30 a.m. today in Hill Auditorium.
Cousins, editor of "The Satur-
day Review," will speak to an aud-
ience of more than 3000 teachers
from Washtenaw, Jackson, Mon-
roe and Lenawee counties on
"America's Assets in the Present
Crises."
Opening the first MEA session
today will be music by the Monroe
High School Choir and an invoca-
tion by Rev. Wilfred E. Simpson
of the First Presbyterian Church
in Monroe.
MEA president Ellen M. Solo-
monson will talk on "You Hold
America's Wealth in Your Hand."
Clair Taylor, State Superintend-
ent of Public Instruction, will dis-
cuss "Opportunities Unlimited."
WUOM-FM's program "Festival
of Song" will be part of the 2 p.m.
assembly with station person-
nel Edythe May Albert, Mrs. Jan-
ice Cobb and Orien Daley par-
ticipating. Prof. Waldo Abbot, di-
rector of broadcasting, will sum-
marize WUOM radio classroom
projects for the teachers.
"Improvisations on C u r r e n t
Themes," a dance proglam, is also
on the afternoon's agenda. The
meeting will conclude tomorrow
with section meetings on topics
from business education to foreign
languages.
r
Directory Sale
Starts Tomorrow
Featuring a new activity direc-
tory, the 1954-55 student directory
will be sold from 9 a.m. to 5 p.m.
tomorrow at several campus loca-

abolishing "this terrible scourge"
lies in world understanding.
Eisenhower, grinning broadly,
dropped what could be a hintthat
he doesn't plan to seek reelection.
Eisenhower told the 200 persons
attending a New York luncheon:
"I regret that I am not free
these days to attend a kind of
luncheon such as this."
Pausing a moment, and then
breaking into a big grin, he add-
ed:
I'll Be Back in the Crowd'
"But just give me a little time
and I'll be back in the crowd,
cheering for some other poor
sucker who is up here."
Morse, stumping for Ferguson's
Democratic rival, Patrick V. Mc-
Namara, said Ferguson had "one
of the worst reactionary, anti-la-
bor and anti-farmer" records in
the Senate.
Retaliating, Ferguson referred to
Morse as a "renegade" in quitting
the Republican party. He said that
in doing so the Oregonian became
"a worse traitor than an enemy
spy..:
In Chicago, Vice-President Rich-
ard Nixon said that the election
can be won or lost by either party
in the next two weeks.
He added, however, that the Re-
publicans have been gaining
ground in the last week or 10
days.
Faculty Senate
To Meet Soon
A special meeting of the Uni-
versity Faculty Senate will be held
at 4:15 p.m. Oct. 28, in Rackham
Lecture Hall.
This meeting was called last
week by the Senate Advisory Com-
mittee. At the same time, Chair-
man of the Advisory Committee
Prof. Algo D. Henderson of the
education school was empowered
to appoint a committee to draw
up an agenda for the meeting.
Prof. Richard J. Porter of the
tropical diseases department,
chairman of the agenda commit-
tee, has invited members of the
Faculty Senate to offer sugges-
tions for the agenda.

FCC Calls
Censoring.
'Dangerous'
Sub-committee
Hears TV Report
WASHINGTON (P)- The Fed-
eral Communications Commission
took the position yesterday it
would be "dangerous" and undem-
ocratic for the government to cen-
sor television shows.
FCC member Rosel 'H. Hyde
submitted that view, on behalf of
the commission, to a Senate sub-
committee seeking to determine
whether TV crime shows increase
juvenile delinquency. Earlier, the
subcommittee heard:
1. A witness protest that TV was
pouring "mental poison" into the
minds of children.
2. Two television executives con-
tend adventure and crime pro-
grams have nothing to do with ju-
venile delinquency.
Mrs. Clara Logan of Los Ange-
les, president of the National
Assn. for Better Radio and Televi-
sion, said "mental poison" came
from TV crime programs and that
nothing but television "could ac-
complish such a saturation of vio-
lence."
She saw no need for govern-
ment censorship, but said parents
who feel some programs are hurt-
ing their children can withlold
their support from broadcasters
and sponsors of the programs.
Robert H. Hinckley, a vice presi-
dent of the American Broadcast-
ing Co., said:
"I would like to state with great
conviction that I do not believe
television is anything remotely ap-
proaching a factor in our prob-
lem.
Grace Johnson, in charge of
judging and editing ABC program
scripts, said she believes the west-
ern and adventure stories on TV
may even help to prevent some
delinquency among children.

Sake Blues
Taiji Toh, 37 year old grad-
uate student, had a little bit
too much of his native sake to
drink last night.
He spotted what he thought
was a warm cellar. The cellar
turned out to be the Ann Arbor
police squadroom. Toh was ad-
vised that heat rises and was
removed upstairs to sleep It off
in the jail.
SL To Hold
Vote Forum
An all-campus forum on the
topic, "Who Will Control the 84th
Congress?" was approved by the
Student Legislature at its meeting
last night.
Pending the approval of the Stu-
dent Affairs Committee, the' for-
um will be held Oct. 28 in Audi-
torium A of Mason Hall.
Speakers on the forum will be
Prof. Angus Campbell, director of
the Survey Research Center; Prof.
Samuel Estep, of the- Law School
and former president of the Ann
Arbor Citizens Council; J. P.
White, political parties and elec-
tions expert of the political science
department and Prof. Richard
Musgrave, of the economics de-
partment.
Hank Berliner, '56, chairman of
the SL committee handling the
forum, said -last night that the
forum would be of an informative
nature "as opposed to the parti-
san aspect."
The discussion, he said, would
be centered on the "issues, trends,
and significance of the coming
congressional elections.
Prof. George Peek, of the politi-
cal science department will mod-
erate the forum.
In other SL business, Sue Beebe,
'55, was picked to replace Ricky
Gilman, '56SN, as Secretary of the
Legislature. Miss Gilman, who will
remain as member on the body,
resigned her office because of
health and academic reasons.

Federal Aid
To Schools
Considered
Private Schools
Face Problem
By HARRY STRAUSS
Is Federal a d to education the
answer to the problem of the pri-
vate college?
Although many factions go along
with this notion as the only way
to save the private institutions, a
strong opposing view holds this as
threatening the country's educa-
tional system.
Tax Supports Helping
President John T. Rettaliata of
the Illinois Institute of Technology
recently said that the rapid growth
of tax-supported institutions is off-
setting the balancing effect of
strong private universities and col-
leges.
He cited the increasingly dispro-
portionate attendance between pub-
lic and private schools, indicating
that the tax subsiay is a major
factor influencing a student's se-
lection of an institution.
A recent survey concerned with
the full-time male veteran stu-
dents entering college for the first
time showed that 71 per cent more
enrolled in public institutions than
in private schools during the past
school year.
15 Per Cent More Students
At this same period, the tax-sup-
ported institutions enrolled 15 per
cent more students than did the
private.
President Rettaliata, while not-
ing that "our present institutions do
an excellent job," said that "in-
ordinate continuation of the en-
rollment differential will invite
control that would interfere with
the educational process."
Pointing to the "perennial"
problem of obtaining financial sup-
port as an aggravation for the pri-
vate school, he said that further
raising of tuitions would, in most
cases, "price the institution out of
the educational market and jeop-
ardize the academic program."
The IIT head also spoke of the
drop in endowment earnings which
today account for only about a
tenth of the income of colleges put-
ting the school in even greater fi-
nancial straits.
YD's To Meet
For Canvass
Today's weekly meeting of the
Young Democrats will be turned
over to a house-to-house canvass,
according to YD president Ralph
Goldberg, '56.
The club and all interested stu-
dents are asked to meet at 7 p.m.'
in front of Democratic headquart-
ers on 209 E. Washington.
Goldberg said that the canvass
would include ringing doorbells
and handing out pamphlets.
Owens To Speak
Henry 3. Owens, Democratic
candidate for Congress from the
second Michigan Congressional
district, will speak on "The Re-
publican Giveway Program" dur-
ing a meeting of Tau Epsilon Rho
at 12:30 p.m. today in Rm. 3K of
the Union.
Owens is presently chairman of
the romance language department
at Michigan State Normal Col-
lege.

Second Award?

Saar Threatens Succes
'Of estern Germany
To Regain Sovereignty

r.

-Daily-John Hirtzel
Interfraternity Council executive vice-president Jim Walters, '55,
John Coleman, '57, and IFC secretary Stan Bernstein, '55, look at the
report which they will enter into competition for the National Inter-
fraternity Conference trophy.
Entering for the first time last year, the IFC copped first prize
among approximately 200 entrants.
Four criteria are taken into account by the NIC in making the
award-service to community, university and student body, member
fraternities and fraternity ideals.
'CAINE' DIRECTOR :
Plays as Art Work Authored
Without Messages: Laughton

REACTIONS TO RICE

LECTURE:

Faculty Members Give
Views on Censorship

By ERNEST THEODOSSIN
"No censorship, but ... "#
This was the 'general reaction
of English and journalism facul-
ty members yesterday to Elmer
Rice's recent lecture in which he
condemned censorship of any type.
"I would agree completely with
his views," English instructor Da-
vid R. Weimer said. "Americans
must decide whether they really
want a free trade in ideas or wish
to remain isolated in their own
dusty skull pans."
Weimer went on to make "one
major exception. We simply can-
not permit comic book violence,
lust, and sadism to circulate free-
ly among children," he said.

t
t
's
r
l
t

"I thought the lecture was ex-
cellent and I support everything
Rice said," Prof. Wesley H. Maur-
er of the journalism department
commented. "The control of com-
ic books should come through edu-
cation, not government censor-
ship," he said.
Maurer added that there "isn't
any question" about censorship of
pornographic literature, "where
even in our democracy this censor-
ship is generally considered quite
proper. "

Shaw Play Opens

Libelous Censorship
"The less censorship, the bet-
ter," English Prof. John Arthos
said. Arthos cited laws on libelous
and pornographic censorship as
examples of legal restraint of ex,
pression which are generally ac-
Icepted today.
"I think there should be no cen-
sorship whatsoever, with the excep-
tion of public school text books,"
English instructor Hugh English
observed. English added that com-
petent judges should have the
right of seeing that all school text
books are objective" and "do not
present a one-sided view."
Prof. Edmund Wooding of the
journalism department voiced an
opposite view. "You either have
ceusorship or you don't," he said.
"When you start making certain
exceptions, then you no longer are
in accord with the concept of free-
dom of speech and expression.
Public Opinion Censor
Journalism Prof. Karl F. Zeisler
suggested that the "public opin-
ion still operates as a censor. The
creative artist such as Mr. Rice
must be free to express himself.
Wise authors have learned that
if they don't offend public taste
they can publish almost anything
and stay in busnes.b s
"We also need editors, publish-
ers, and producers," he summed
up, "willing to risk offending the
public if creative artists are to have
complete freedom."
Leonard Speaks
At Local Rally

(Editor's Note: This article was
written for The Daily by Charles
Laughton, director of "The Caine
Mutiny Court-Martial" which will be
presented at 8:30 p.m. tomorrow and
Saturday in 11111 Auditorium. The lo-
cal presentation will star Paul Doug-
las, Wendell Corey and Steve Brody.)
By CHARLES LAUGHTON
Classics, of literature were writ-
ten for the entertainment and en-
lightenment of mankind.
As such, they are works of art.
And I say that no creative work.
by a genuinely great writer wasI
written with a message in mind.,
"Court Martial Is Great"
I believe that "The Caine Mu-
tiny Court-Martial" is a great
modern play by a vastly gifted
author, and I think that it fits into
the category of a masterpiece writ-
ten purely as a piece of dramatic
entertainment.
We have had some Hollywood
movies made with messages but
they all flopped miserably. Some-
times a stage production pleads a
special cause, nearly always to the
detriment of its public appeal.
Message In Shakespeare
In all of Shakespeare can you
find a message? In all of Mark

Twain, Thomas Wolfe, James
Thurber? In this discussion, I
leave the Bible aside. As the in-
spired Word of God it is not to
be judged in the. same category as
the literary works of men. Natur-
ally, there are messages in the
Bible, since it is a book of teach-
ings, of a rule of Life of man's re-
lationship with the Almighty, his
Creator.
There are some who will find ex-
ceptions to my own feelings in
this matter-many have specified,
for example, "Uncle Tom's Cab-
in." Here was a novel written in
the white heat of indignation,
when the vital question of slavery
was dividing the nation into two
hostile camps. But who will as-
sert, now that nearly a century
has passed, that this was a gen-
uinely great novel,one for the
ages? Who reads "Uncle Tom's
Cabin" nowadays?
If, when I went out on. my
reading tours, I were to carry
along a carload instead of an arm-
load of books, you could be sure
there would be no message in any
of them.

Old Disputes
May Disrupt
New Decisions
Big Three Meeting
Reports on Progress
PARIS (M-The Big Three West-
ern powers made progress last
night toward giving sovereignty
}pack to West Germany, but faced"
at menacing deadlock between Ger-
many and France over the Saar.
Optimism expressed Tuesday
was tempered sharply.
One of Two Problems
The old French-German dispute
over the future of the Saar was
only one of two major problems
facing the Western nations gather--
ing here in increasing numbers to
work out progressively the accords
which they hope will make the
West a solid bloc against Commu-
nist aggression.
Besides the Saar, there arose
again the problem of how to con-
trol the amount of arms which
West Germany will have, or will
be able to make, once she be-
comes a nation allied in friend-
ship with her former enemies of
the West and free in almost every
sense of the word.
Ministers Meet Two Hours
Ministers of the four powers met
for two hours in the late after-
noon to act on more than 100 pages
of intricate text designed to make
West Germany free, only not quite.
The meeting was held at the Paris
headquarters of the North Atlantic
Treaty Organization.
"Solutions were proposed for the
few remaining issues," said a brief
communique. "The experts were
asked to modify the texts accord-
ingly for resubmission to the four
ministers Oct. 21." That's yester-
day.
The sight of four Western pow-
ers-West Germany, France, Brit-
ain and the United States-sitting
together was something new in the
NATO conference halls.
Student Group
Meets To' Plan
Quad Reports
Prof. Charles Olmstead of the
engineering school met with stu-
dent ulembers of Operation In-
quiry's committee yesterday toar-
range for final presentation of
reports on University residence
halls.
Reports, all partially written,:-
are tentatively due for submission
to the Inter-House Council, Dec. 1.
Harry Piper, '56L, writing on
Plant and Facilities, Robert Baker
'55L, on Student Government, Rog-
er Kidston, '56L, on General Pur-
poses of the System and Howard
Nemorovski, Grad., and Bernard
Berman, '55, on the Staff, are do-
ing the reports.
They will be submitted first to
the whole committee for approval
or alteratigns and then to the IHC.
After IHC discussion the reports
will go to the Residence Halls
Board of Governors for possible
action on proposals.
Operation Inquiry was formed
last December to investigate the
success of the Michigan House
Plan for student housing.
Faculty members on the com-
mittee include Prof. Frederick C.
O'Dell of the architecture school,
Prof. Frank X. Braun of the Ger-
man' department, Prof. John P.
Dawson of the Law School and
Prof. Olmstead, chairman.
SL Petitioni -

25 Posts Open
Petitioning for 25 seats on the
Student Legislature to be filled in
campus-wide elections scheduled
tentatively for two days in the

'NEW GOVERNMENT OBJECTIVES':

Dulles, Cabinet Quizzed

By DOROTHY MYERS
Daily City Editor
Special to The Daily
NEW YORK - A parade of Re-
publican cabinet members discuss-
ing "New Objectives in Govern-
ment'' sparked the New York Her-
ald Tribune Forum's second and
final session Tuesday.
After a -keynote address on
"Freedom's Progress Here and
Abroad" by Central Intelligence
Agency Director Allen W. Dulles,
four cabinet members were quizzed
by two journalists and two econo-
mists.
Later Atomic Energy Commis-
sion Chairman Lewis L. Strauss
fac.r nuetions from neinlist

D u1 I e s described America's
greatest asset in the cold war as
man's love for freedom. "In the
past few years thousands have
fled Soviet rule in Europe and
Asia," he said, but before the pres-
ent crisis, the same people did not
realize they would have to fight
to have freedom.
Cabinet Answers
Cabinet members participating
in a question-and-answer period on
policies of the Eisenhower Admin-
istration were Secretary of Health,
Education and Welfare Oveta Culp
Hobby, Secretary of the Treasury
George M. Humphrey, Secretary
nf Thnr James P. Mitchell and

out destroying our own freedoms."
He promised there would be no
prosecutions unless regular legal
methods were followed both in the
gathering of facts and in the trial
itself.
Defends Tax Bill
Secretary Humphrey later as-
serted the recent tax bill has been
misrepresented by opponents who
call it "a quick tax write-off for
corporations and stock-holders."
He claimed provisions encouraging
investment and allowing more rap-
id depreciation on equipment was
necessary to encourage the econo-
my.
Speaking on "The Atom's Prom-

-Daily-Chuck Kelsey
Featuring Bernard Shaw's "Arms and the Man," the Dramatic
Arts Center's first season will open at 8:15 p.m. today in the Masonic
Temple.

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