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Latest Deadline in the State
VOL. LXV, No. 8 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, WEDNESDAY, SEPTEMBER 29, 1954
Zoology Teacher Reinstated After
Favorable Vote by Three, Groups
(EDITOR'S NOTE: This is a continuation of the series of articles on the
>,f case of Prof. Mark Nickerson, told last week, Prof. Clement L. Markert and
H. Chandler Davis, who were involved in hearings of the House Sub-Com-
mittee on Un-American Activities last May. Today's story presents a sum-
mary of the events in the case of Prof. Markert.)
By PAT ROELOFS
Associate City Editor
Prof. Clement L. Markert of the zoology department received a,
subpoena to appear before the House Sub-Committee investigating Un-
American Activities last spring.
Along with two other fcaulty members, he appeared before the
Committee, headed by Rep. Clardy (R-Mich.) in Lansing May 10.
Prof. Markert refused to answer questions relating to political activity
on the grounds of the Fifth Amendment. He was represented by legal.
And like the other two faculty members who refused to answer
the investigator's questions, Prof. Markert was suspended by Presi-
dent Harlan H. Hatcher, pending investigation of his case by Univer-
sity faculty groups.
The process of investigation was initiated by the zoology depart-
ment where Prof. Markert teaches classes in embryology and carries
on research in a Phoenix project. Department members and the de-
partment chairmen, Prof. D. E. S. Brown favored reinstatement of
Members of the Literary College Executive Committee likewise
felt that Prof. Markert should be reinstated to his position of assist-
Then the Special Advisory Committee to the President took up
the case. The five man group, headed by Prof. Russell Smith of the
Law School, was composed of Dr. Paul S. Barker of the Medical School;
'Prof. D. M. Dennison of the physics department, Prof. Wm."Palmer
of the economics department and Prof. R. H. Sherlock of the engi-
neering college. The SAC decision was 4-1 in favor of reinstatement.
- Before this group as well as the
other University groups hearing
65 Candles his case, Prof. Markert admitted
that he had been a member of the
TDail' s *Communist Party. He told them he
Top al s withdrew from the Party about
--14 if 11948.
SL Motion To Hit
Culture, Education Committee Sets
By MURRY FRYMER
A motion protesting Prof. MarkI
Nickerson's dismissal from the Uni-
versity faculty will be presented toI
the Student Legislature for its con-
sideration, approval, or disapprov-
Prepared by the SL Culture and
Education committee, the motion1
reads in part:
". . . We believe that the only'
just criteria upon which Prof. Nick-'
erson could have been rightly dis-
missed from the University are in-'
competence in his teaching capaci-
ty or conviction under the law of
the land. All three faculty commit-
tees that reviewed Prof. Nicker-
son's case found him innocent of
"Two ofrthe committees recom-
mended reinstatement. A third
committee recommended dismissal
Talk To YID
Climaxing a day of campaigning
in Washtenaw County, Gov. G.
Mennen Williams will address the
semester's initial meeting of the
Young Democrats at 8 :30 pA.m. to-
day in Rackham Auditorium.
This will be Gov. Williams' first.
appearance in Ann Arbor during
Happy birthday, dear Daily!
Sixty-five years ago today, Sep-
tember 29, 1890, The Daily's first
issue rolled off the presses.
It would take only a glance, back
through the Daily files to appreci-
ate the paper's progress since 1890.
The first issue, volume one, num-
ber one, had only one page featur-
ing a story on the University rug-
by team. "The campus has taken
on a home-like look this past
-week," the story begins. "Every
afternoon has seen some of our
canvas-backed rugby players toss-
ing the ball back and forth, or try-
ing to kick goals."
The article goes on to describe
the weather as "cold and raw" and
the players as 'soft and short-
winded." Could this eleven be the
forerunner of Coach Oosterbaan's
A column entitled "Faculty An-
nouncements" seems to be the an-
cestor of the Daily Official Bulletin.
It announces that "a course in
foundry work will be given the first
t semester," and that "an optional
course in water analysis will be
given" to hygiene students.
A hint may be gathered from ad-
vertisements as to the most fre-
quently sold item. Both ads in the
issue concern fraternity pins and
The Daily was founded by a
group of independent students who
published it under the title of "U of
M Daily." They started in a small
print shop in downtown Ann Arbor.
After 65 years of hard work by
thousands of students, it has be-
come "The Michigan Daily" with
an up-to-date printshop of its own,
located in the same building as its
Merits and shortcomings of the
83rd Congress were degated by two
Republicans and two Democrats
at yesterday's meeting of -the
Young Republican Club.
"The 83rd Congress has most cer-
tainly not been a 'do-nothing'
body," said Prof. George Peek of
the Political Science department.
"Among its most significant accom-
plishments have been giving gov-
ernmental atom contracts to pri-
vate industry and relieving the
tax burden of upper income'
The SAC majority report stress-
ed that Prof. Markert had told
group members "he reduced the
amount of his political activity (in
the Communist Party) because of
growing ascendancy of his scien-
tific interests and of growing doubt
concerning the Communist Party
as an effective means of achieving
the ends he desired."
In addition, the majority report
cited, Prof. Markert mentioned
lack of democracy in the Party,
growing dogmatism and lack of
free thinking in higher leader-
ship, growing emotional ties to
Russia, tendency to dictate ideas
and unwillingness to permit any
heresy as reasons for his with-
drawal from Party membership.
However, the SAC members ob-
served that "Prof. Markert admits
freely he still holds many of the
political and economic views he
held while an active Party mem-
The dissenting vote was cast,
according to Prof. Markert, by
someone who felt "sheer refusal
to cooperate with the (investigat-
ing) Committee is grounds for dis-
All of the SAC members felt
Prof. Markert had been candid
with them in disclosing his beliefs
and past political activities. All of
them felt that he was subject to
censure for refusing to answer the
questions of the Committee in
At the August 26 meeting of the
Regents, President Hatcher rec-
ommended Prof. Markert be re-
instated to his position of assistant
professor in "terms of (your) pres-
ent contract." The zoologist point-
ed out that his contract continues
A letter of censure was author-
ized by the Regents, in accordance
with the recommendation of the
President. Seven Regents favored
reinstatement, with Regent Ken-
neth Stevens of Detroit dissenting.
Prof. Markert told The Daily
several persons had advised him to
talk freely about himself before
the Clardy Committee, but to re-
fuse to talk of others. He said he
refused to follow this procedure
on moral grounds.
In addition, he felt there was a
possibility of being cited for con-
tempt if he answered some ques-
tions and refused to answer oth-
ers. He referred to a well known
national incident: "Contempt ci-
tations were issued against two
Harvard professors. Reason for the
citation: both men had finally dis-
carded use of the 5th Amendment,
and both freely admited that they
on grounds easily reduced to the
argument that he was a 'Commu-
nist in spirit and would repudiate
no part of the Communist pro-
gram.' .. . In essence then, Prof.
Nickerson was dismissed on the
grounds of his political beliefs."
The motion is, completed: "Since
a democratic society depends upon
the free exchange of ideas, the Stu-
dent Legislature believe that the
dismissal of Prof. Nickerson is in
direct opposition to the best inter-
ests of this university and this
John Bryan, '56, a member of
the committee, will read the mo-
In other SL business, President
Steve Jelin, '55, will present a re-
port on the status of the Student
Government Council plan.
A planned motion protesting the
Regents lack of action on the mo-
tion has been dropped by the SL
A cabinet election to fill the post
of Hank Berliner, '56, who resigned
last week because of academic rea-
sons is also scheduled for the meet-
ing. Other business includes the ap-
pointments of three new members
to SL and the announcement of the
resignation of member Herb Zim-
The meeting will begin at 7:30
p.m. in the Strauss Dining room,
Work To Start
Construction of 100 housing units
for married students, estimated to
cost $1,100,000, is scheduled to be-
gin immediately on the new North
Approved by the Regents at their
last meeting, the apartments are
to be the first of several hundred,
if there is a demand for them, ac-
cording to Wilbur K. Pierpont, Uni-
versity Vice-President. Applications
may be made at the office of the
Dean of Men.
The estimated cost includes
eight or ten two story buildings,
complete furnishings, utilities and
landscaping. Pierpont expected that
the project would be completed in
time for students to move in for
the summer session of 1955.
Three types of apartments are
planned: about one-half of them
will be one-bedroom apartments,
12 will be two-bedroom duplexes,
and the rest the no-bedroom type.
Tentative rents for the complete-
ly furnished apartments, including
utilities, have been set at $75 a
month for the no-bedroom type, $5
for a one-bedroom apartment,, and
$100 for a two-bedroom apartment.
Financed on a bank loan, the
units will be paid for on a self-
Further information on applying
for residence in the new housing is
available in the office of the Dean
Sigma Rho Tau
Will Hold Smoker
Plans for the semester have been
announced by members of Sigma
Rho Tau, national engineering
A Stump Speakers' Smoker, giv-
en by the society, will be held Fri.,
Oct. 7, in the Union. The speaker
will be announced later this week.
Freshman engineering students
are especially invited to the meet-
my the Associated Press
DETROIT-Three leaders in the
106-day-old Square D strike were
given jail terms and fines yester-
day for contempt of a court order
against mass picketing.
Each was sentenced to 30 days
and fined $250 by Circuit Judge
Frank B. Ferguson, as the strike
remained at a standstill.
WASHINGTON -- Chairman
Leonard W. Hall of the Republi-
can National Committee said yes-
terday the battle raging around
Sen. Joseph McCarthy (R-Wis.)
will have no effect on the Novem-
ber elections and added: "The
American people are sick and tired
of the whole situation."
Meanwhile Sen. William E. Jen-
ner (R-Ind.) added the Senate,
when acting on proposed censure
of Sen. McCarthy, must take into
consideration that the Commu-
nists are seeking to discredit Mc-
Carthy and undermine congres-
sional investigating committees,
DENVER - Secretary of the
Army Stevens declined comment
yesterday on a Senate commit-
tee's ;recommendation that Sen.
McCarthy be censured by the Sen-;
WASHINGTON-Former Secr -
tary of Labor Martin P. Durkin
Tuesday underwent a brain tumor
operation at Georgetown Univer-
"Everything went along satis-
factorily and his condition is
good," Durkin's physician report-
ed after-the surgery.
LANSING - First modern toll
road in Michigan was approved
yesterday by the Michigan Turn-
The highway, costing $186,000,-
000 will stretch 115 miles from
Rockwood to Saginaw, with con-
struction beginning April 1, 1955
and finished by the end of the
1957 construction season.
* * *
CHAPEL HILL, N. C.-Novelist
James Street, author of "The
Gauntlet," "Tap Roots," and many
other best-sellers, died late yes-
terday following his collapse of a
heart attack at a meeting in
SAN DTFG, Calif-A dispatch
from the U. S. 7th Fleet said yes-
terday that units of the fleet early
this month moved into position to
resist Chinese Communist inva-
sion of Formosa.
The Literary College Conference
Steering Committee discussed new
aims and objectives suggested for
this semester and evaluated pre-
vious projects at its organizational
Topics to be given further con-
sideration in next week's meeting
are teaching techniques, course co-
ordination, the marking system, in-
creased emphasis on individual
reading in courses and broadening
the number of departments with
HARRASSED BRIDGE PLAYER REFUSES FI
Cancer Fear Ref
In Filter Cigaret
By LLE MAiRKS'
GOV. G. MENNEN WILLIAMS
the present campaign. He is run-
ning for a fourth gubernatorial
term, a feat never accomplished in
The third governor in state his-
tory to serve three consecutive
terms, Gov. Williams is the second
Democrat to win re-election since
the Civil War.
He is running against former De-
troit Police Commissioner Donald
Leonard. His platform is based
mainly on a continuance of the pro-
gressive measures such as unem-
ployment insurance benefits and
old age assistance instituted dur-
ing his tenure in office.
According to Ralph Goldberg,
President of the Young Democrats,
the Governor will speak on domes-
Gov. Williams will be introduced
by J. Henry Owens who is the
Democratic candidate for Congress
from the Second Congressional
District. John Philip Dawson of
the Law School will also make a
An informal discussion and ques-
tion period will be held at the con-
clusion of the speech.
Are you one of the many who
have switched from regular ciga-
rets to filtered brands when the
American Medical Association an-
nounced a tie-up between smoking
and lung cancer several months
If so, "you've fooled yourself,"
according to Dr. Alton Ochsner,
the New Orleans surgeon who start-
ed the nation's lung cancer scare.
"Filters Remove Nothing"
As sales of filtered cigarets
soared, Ochsner told a medical
meeting in Oklahoma City, "The
only thing filters do is sell more
cigarets. They don't remove any-
ly the Assoc lted Press
An agency set up to find a way
for Georgia to evade the U.S. Su-
preme Court rule against school
segregation yesterday, In Atlanta,
asked voters to approve a measure
that may mean the end of the pub-
lic school system.
The agency is the Georgia Edu-
cation Commission, created by the
last Legislature. Beginning to draft
its report, it called for ratification
in the November general election
of a constitutional amendment to
enable Georgia to pay educational
funds direct to pupils instead of
support to public schools.
Pupils would pay their way In
segregated private schools.
Meanwhile, in Milford, Del., only
a third of the 1,562 pupils enrolled
at Milford's formerly all-white
school showed up yesterday on the
second day of a boycott against the
end of racial segregation.
Meanwhile, there were signs that
a boycott against enforcing the Su-
preme Court's integration ruling
may be spreading to other southern
museum. Oviedo is not a tourist
attraction and the only foreigners-
the people see are the students.
By the time we arrive, ten or so
men have told us how "guapas"
or attractive, we are. We've even
begun to enjoy it!
Art class is first and often times
the professor will say, "venga, "
"Great, I wg
as high as3
ing, "in fac
lar, cork til
we now cE
than we did
at this time
brand. In fa
every 10 ma
1.1 per cen
men was of
age had ris
of heart tro
is fear itsel
and a foe
denly late 5
lapsed as h
tor for 30
) 1 f
By the Associated Press
L LONDON - A, proposal by
French Premier Pierre Mendes-
WFrancethat the question of rearm-
ing West Germany and the French-
German dispute over the Saar be
settled as a "package deal" threat-
ened to snag the nine power Lon-
don~ conference yesterday.
The question emerged as the key
issue before the nine-power confer-
ence meeting to free and rearm
West Germany in the Atlantic alli-
French Premier Pierre Mendes-
France called for a seven-nation
European armaments authority to
control the production and supply
of weapons in West Germany,
-Daily-Marj Crozier France, Holland, Belgium, Luxem-
LTERED CIGARETES bourg and Italy. Britain wiuld be
an uncontrolled seventh partner,
lected German Chancellor Konrad Ade-
nauer proposed instead that con-
trols be exercised by the North At-
Sa lantic Treaty Organization over all
of its continental European mem-
bers. West Germany would become
m NATO's 15th member nation.
g Ochsner's statement, Secretary of State John Foster
Ver, '56, commented, Dulles and British Foreign Sec-
as getting pretty sick of retary Anthony Eden backed Ad-
arets. If I'm going to enauer's proposal. It appeared
I may as well enjoy that support also would come from
the other nations participating-
g stores reported a tre- Italy, Canada, Belgium, Holland
se in the sale of fil-and Luxembourg.
s. Some estimated that Concord Foreseen
arets now account for . Although difficulties arose, key
5 per cent of total cig- delegations voiced a cautious op-
timism that agreements in prin-
tty More Brands ciple on freeing and rearming the
eto carry one brand of West Germans would be reached
rets and now we have this week.
one cigaret seller, add- some delegations suggested a
t, with king-size, regu- solution may lie in letting NATO
ps, filters and the like and the seven-nation group share
arry 20 more brands controls.
last spring." Adenauer suggested giving NATO
ommented, "Last year more powers to insure effective
you couldn't touch the controls.
brands. No other cig- Conference informants said the
ched them, but now our French, invaded three times in
ng cigaret is a filtered three generations by German
ct, the filtered cigarets hordes, want the new German mil-
the market away from itary buildup so strictly control
brands. ed that a superauthority would
ncer Foreseen decide even where new German
to Ochsner, one out of arms factories could be built.
ale cigaret smokers will The rich Saar coal and steel pro-
r by 1970. The doctor ducing territory, Gelman before
that while in 1920 only World War II, has been a bone of
it of all cancer among contention between the two coun-
fthe lung, the percent- tries for generations.
en to 8.3 in 1948. ________rgenera___n_
ng the notion that the
In cigarets comes R e
ne, Ochsner said, "it is
e is often the cause of Y*)
le. Expect Ike s
one reason why there
smokers dying of lung "
id the doctor. "They dieD el
uble before lung cancer
ould, '57, commented, By the Associated Press
thing we have to fear Republican campaign leaders
If, I always say." apparently are counting more and
more on direct action by President
Eisenhower to retain control of
Mccarran Congress in the November elec-
11a r eVice-resident Nixon has report-
Sud en1 ed that Democrats currently hold
the edge, and Republican Nation-
ORNE, Nev. (P)-Sen. al Chairman Leonard W. Hall said
rran, for 22 years a yesterday that "The key to get-
senator from Nevada ting our people up and fighting
of the. Roosevelt and again is the voice of the Presi-
ministrations, died sud- dent of the United States."
yesterday just after ad- Nixon, who himself is carrying
Democratic rally. He much of the campaign load which
previous Presidents have under-
te haired veteran col- taken, reported to Republican
ie was walking down a headquarters in Washington be-
after addressing some fore starting a tour of Atlantic
at the Civic Center in coastal states. He was represented
n Nevada town. as seeing the Senate race about
worker over the Sena- even, but the Democrats ahead in
minutes with a respi- the fight for House seats.
ut success. He reportedly feels confident of
y was taken to a Haw- Republican victories five weeks
eral parlor pending fur- hence, but thinks much work
ctions from his family must be done before then to assure
CHAPERONES, COMPLIMENTS, SEAFOOD:
Reporter Tells Experiences at Spanis
(Editor's Note: This story was writ-
ten by a Daily reporter, on a year's
leave in Spain. It was mailed to a
local reporter, because of the strict
censorship on the Spanish Press and
By SHIRLEY KLEN
Special to The Daily
OVIEDO, SPAIN -- University
life in a small town in Spain can
cifix to adorn the walls. One dim
light bulb sputters from the mid-
dle of the ceiling, making eye
strain easy and studying difficult
for any length of time after dark.
(Asturias is fortunate, however,
in that it has electricity all the
time. Most of the provinces, in
In the mornings, we crawl out
of bed, shivering, and wonder
w h e r e "sunry, Mediterranean
Spain" has disappeared to. The
climate here Is cold, damp and
rainy. But the verdant mountain
scenery, visible from our windows,
compensates for any bad weather.
Burros clop along the cobble-