See Page 4
Latest Deadline in the State
S 61I *
VOL. LXIV, No. 95 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, TUESDAY, FEBRUARY 23, 1954
K Rules Violated
(EDITOR'S NOTE: This is the first in a series of articles dealing with
J '. Ann Arbor restaurants.)
By MARK READER
Less than six of 162, local restaurants examined for health viola-
tions by the Ann Arbor Board of Health recently met in full the de-_
partment's requirements, it was revealed yesterday.
Of these, restaurants servicing the campus community tended to
be more deficient in health standards than the remainder of the
eateries in the city.
) * * * *
THESE FACTS came to light following the culmination of an
exhaustive four month survey conducted by the Board of Health. It
was the most extensive probe of its kind held here in recent years.
The investigation into the health status of Ann Arbor restaur-
ants began Oct. 26, 1953 immediately upon the promulgation of
a tough series of ordinances composed by the Board of Health
and concluded Feb. 11, 1954.
Dr. Otto K. Engelke, Health Officer of the City of Ann Arbor'sa
Health Department intervieyed yesterday on the results of the inves- E
* * * *
"WE ARE ASKING for additional safeguards to the community.
The survey showed many of the restaurants were on the borderlinet
but I do not believe there is an immediate health threat in any es-t
tablishment now operating."
"However," he emphasized, "the health picture is not lily-
white. There is still considerable room for improvement."
Both Dr. Engelke and the President of the Restaurant Associa-
tion, Anthony Preketes, stated that since the survey started last year
local restaurant owners for the most part have complied with theI
New dishes, improvements in operations and equipment have be-
gun to fill the restaurant scene. A local restaurant closed down forI
repairs last semester and was completely remodeled. Informed sourcess
estimate the cost of the job at $30,000.
* * * *f
IN THIS VEIN, Preketes feels that resturant owners are now1
: complying with the brand new regulations. The Restaurant Associa-
tion is meeting more frequently with the Board of Health in 'an at-
temps to catch up on the health picture.
However, in Preketes' estimation two major problems place
stumbling blocks in a restaurant owners' maintainance of a clean
1) Transient help causes the major health difficulties and there1
is little time to train an employe before he walks off to a better and;
more lucrative job. Preketes feels recent factory lay-offs and an in-
crease in unemployment in the area has aided the restaurant help
situation in becoming more stable. This stability has in turn improved,
the health picture.
2) According to Preketes the margin of profit is small In many
of the local restaurants and as a result it is difficult and in some
cases impossible for the owner to revamp his establishment im-
mediately in order to meet Health department requirements.
PREKETES BELIEVES it will take a while before the merchant
in the city meets the new regulations. But he says it will be done.
Dr. Engelke claims the current health regulations are tough-
but are standard ones. But this if observed, he maintains, will
reduce health hazards.
"The average housewife's skillet," he said, "won't pass our in-
spection in a month of Sundays. The violations in our charts com-
mitted by the restaurant men are broken more commonly in the
home from day to day."
In the chart, dated Feb. 13, 1954, titled, "Eating Establishment
Survey Tally of Violations" the-following over-all picture of the
health deficiencies in Ann Arbor before that time emerge:
* * * *
1) FIFTY-THREE per cent of the restaurants were lax in bac-
tericidal treatment of their equipment. These establishments violated
the existing regulations governing the sterilization of eating and
But Dr. Engelke points out the average housefrau's record
in this respect would total much higher.
2) Utensils were not cleaned properly in 34 per cent of these
establishments. This means utentils were not properly kept "clean
and free from dust, dirt, insects, and other contaminating material."
3) Forty-three per cent of these eateries failed to clean their
4) Regulations designating the proper refrigeration of foods
were violated by 30 per cent of the 162 restaurants.
5) Pest control ordinances were violated in 31 per cent of those
DR. ENGELKE says, however, this figure is "better than in most
homes." He estimates violations at home of this regulation would
total about 80 per cent.
The report reveals that not one restaurant in the entire city
employed "any person affected with a disease in a communicable
form or any person with lesions and sores."
In another phase of the report 49 per cent of the resturants en-
gaged help who participated in unsanitary practices ranging from
laxities in personal cleanliness to unsanitary handling of food, But
' according to Preketes, this situation has been improved considerably
in past months.
Eleven per cent of the restaurants to come under the survey
violated regulations governing the wholesomeness of food. This en-
See CITY, Page 2
The '54 'Ensian will be sold
from 9 a.m. to 3 p.m. today on
The price of the 'Ensian will
be raised from $6 to $7 on Feb-
ruary 24. Students will also be
able to purchase the long-play-
ing .Michigan .record .for .75
cents if they subscribe to the
By The Associated Press
Atomic Deliveries .. .
LONDON - Prime Minister
Churchill's government said yes-
terday atom bombs "are now be-
ing delivered" to a rapidly ex-
panding Royal Air Force.
An Air Ministry budget memo-
randum also disclosed that recent
successful rocket tests on the Aus-
tralian desert range "foreshadow
the most important developments1
in air defense since the invention
U. S. Leads.. ..
UNITED NATIONS, N. Y.-The
United States leads the world in
radio ownership but trails nine
other countries in per capita news-
paper circulation, UN figures
It also produces the most fea-
ture-length movies but lags be-
hind Britain and West Germany
in the number of book titles pub-
lished yearly, the statistics brought
Russians Celebrate .
the 36th anniversary of the Soviet
army and navy heard claims yes-
terday that Soviet fighting power
has been Increased of late and
now can "deliver a crushing blow
upon any enemy-"
Communist China's chief Mao
Tze-tung sent congratulations to
Premier Georgi Malenkov.
Moscow radio said speeches,
mass sporting events and special
meetings throughout the country
marked one of the biggest Army-
Navy Day celebrations ever held
in the Soviet Union.
It was the first time Moscow
radio has broadcast the annual
* * *
Demonstrations .. .
BERLIN - East German Com-
munists yesterday staged a chain
of demonstrations in the Soviet
zone criticizing the Western Pow-
ers' stand at the recent Big Four
foreign ministers' conference.
Hoover Says ...
dent Herbert Hoover said yester-
day he had one depression named
for him but he doesn't see signs
of another "anywhere on the
landscape at the present time."
The "present trouble," Hoover
said, comes from a mixture of
surplusproduction and "dehydrat-
* * *
Crack-Up .. .
SAVANNAH, Ga.-A B47 Stra-
tojet bomber caught fire and ex-
ploded on the flight line at Hunt-
er Air Force Base here yesterday.
Student organizations wishing to
sponsor Cinema Guild movies aft-
er March 7 should hand in their
petitions at the Student Legisla-
ture Bldg. by 5 p.m. Friday, ac-
cording to Dave Gross, '56, Cinema
Guild Board chairman.
Petitions may be picked up at
the SL Bldg.
Special to The Daily
Gamma globulin, the polio drug
used in mass innoculations this
summer, yesterday was declared by
a government-appointpd commit-
tee to have demonstrated "no
beneficial effects" in the summer
As a member of this committee,
Dr. Thomas Francis of the School
of Public Health, stated that the
data from the experiment actually
gave "no type of evidence."
* * *
THE COMMITTEE reported
that neither mass innoculation of
children in epidemic areas nor in-
noculation of family and close con-
tacts of people stricken with polio
showed that gamma globulin pre-
vented or alleviated paralytic polio.
Commenting on the report,
Dr. Francis said that the data as
far as mass use was not of the
type to give valid information.
According to Dr. Francis, not
enough patients were innoculat-
ed in the early stages of polio to
get conclusive figures.
Dr. Francis added that the sum-
mer figures did not invalidate the
favorable results of an earlier ex-
periment held in 1951 and 1952
under special epidemic conditions.
This original experiment, involv-
ing children of the most suscept-
ible age group, indicated that when
gamma globulin was given in mass
innoculation at the proper time
and in the proper amount, the re-
sults were 80 per cent effffective
for a limited period of time.
* * *
THE NATIONAL Foundation for
Infantile Paralysis, which provided
the grant under which the 1951
and 1952 experiments were con-
ducted, has recently appointed Dr.
Francis to head a million-dollar
evaluation study of a new polio
The vaccine will be given to
over a half million children in
selected parts of the nation, with
the evaluation set up at the Uni-
versity under the assistance of
the Survey Research Center.
Disputing the value of gamma
globulin, Dr. David Price of the
U. S. Public Health Service, ac-
cording to an Associated Press dis-
patch said "that if the material
had a really dramatic effect, the
amount of experience we had with
it last summer would have shown a
protective effect when used in
"But even the experiment pre-
viously conducted under the Na-
tional Foundation for Infantile
Paralysis grant, Price went on to
say, certainly did not indicate that
gamma globulin had a very dra-
It was Dr. Francis' opinion, how-
ever, that the summer experiment
was not of the proper type to
either substantiate or disprove the
Talks on Germany
BONN, Germany - (0P)-- The
Western Allies yesterday invited
the Russians to discuss disman-
tling the barbed wire and red tape
barring free travel and trade be-
tween the two parts of still di-
In letters to Soviet High Com-
missioner Vladimir Semenyov and
his Berlin representative, S. Den-
gin, the Western high commis-
sioners called for talks on how to
remove the "unjustifiable obstac-
les" erected by the Russian against
free government between East and
West Germany and two parts of
Council Meeting To Oppose Change
Of Men's Residences for Women
By GENE HARTWIG
East Quadrangle's Hayden House last night called for a "united
front" of all residence hall men to oppose further conversion of men's
housing for women students.
In a resolution passed unanimously by..the house council, Inter-
House Council President, Roger Kidston, '56L, was urged "to call a
special meeting of all groups interested within men's residence halls
. to form a united front and formulate plans to successfully defend
the Michigan House Plan."
* * * *
KIDSTON SAID last night that the problem of giving further
men's housing units over to women would constitute the agenda of
the next regularly scheduled IHC meeting March 4. He indicated,
however, that a special meeting
1000 KILOWATTS--Above is a re-
vised drawing of the largest nuc-
lear reactor so far planned for an
educational institution which the
University hopes to locate on its
new North Campus. The uranium
plates which feed the giant pow-
er package are at the bottom of
the shaft in the picture's lower
right. Prof. Henry J. Gomberg, as-
sistant director of the Phoenix
Project, Lawrence C. Widdoes,
project engineer, William K. Luck-
ow and Russell B. Mesler are due
to arrive in Berkley, Calif. today
to present their fiinal 'report to
the Atomic Energy Commission
Committee on Reactor Safe-
guards. The scientists expect an
acceptance of their plans from the
AEC within a month.
Michigan Basketball Squad
Dumped by Gophers, 79-.70
Special To The Daily
MINNEAPOLIS-Outplaying Minnesota for three periods, Michi-
gan's road weary cagers withered before a late Gopher surge and went
down to their sixth straight Big Ten defeat, 79-70.
Highly favored Minnesota overcame a 57-54 deficit at the end
of the third quarter with a 25 point splurge in the final ten-minute
stanza to rack up its eighth Conference triumph in 12 contests. Michi-
gan's record is now two won, nine lost in the Big Ten and 11 losses in
19 games during the whole season.
* * * *
DESPITE THE final nine point margin it was close throughout
the encounter and the Gophers led by but a field goal with less than
three minutes to go. It was Wol-
to discuss the problem might be
called this week.
Hayden House also released
the text of A three page letter
sent to the Residence Halls
Board of Governors Thursday
asking the Board to "thought-
fully consider the value of the
Michigan . House Plan and
whether it is advisable to sacri-
fice this plan piece by piece
merely to accommodate women."
The letter reviewed the circum-
stances surrounding the conver-
sion of Victor Vaughn House, Ty-
ler and Prescott Houses in East
Quad and Chicago House in West
Quad into women's residences and
cited figures indicating that the
University had miscalculated in
the spring of 1952 when it decided
to turn Tyler and Prescott over to
women for lack of men to fill the
Both these houses were turned
over to women in the fall of '52
following assurances by University'
administrators that "no action
would be taken if the three Quads
could be adequately filled."
* * * *
RESIDENCE halls officials ex-
pressed confidence at that time
that "we can maintain a full
house." It was subsequently re-
vealed at the Board of Governors
meeting of 'Nov. 13, 1952 that-over
500 men who had applied for resi-
dence in the Quads were rejected
due to lack of space.
The letter points out from
these facts that 'no other con-
clusion can be drawn than the
fact that the administration is
sacrificing men's accommoda-
tions to provide for women."
Asked whether student opinion
would be weighed by the Board of
Gmvernors in reaching a decision
The Board in Control of the
Student Publications.approved the
following appointments yesterday:
To The Michigan Daily editorial
staff Phoebe Nan Swinehart '55Ed
was appointed as Night Editor,
Debra Durschlag '56 as Assistant
Night Editor, Charles K e ls e y
'56 NR as Chief Photographer, and
Philip Douglis '56 as Sports Night
ON THE DAILY Business Staff
the following students were given
positions: Donald Chisholm '55
BAd, Circulation manager, Anita
Sigesmund '56 Assistant Circula-
tion Manager, Lois Binetsky '56
Classified Advertising Manager,
Sue Blau '56 Assistant Classified
Advertising Manager, James Bog-
dan '54 Display Accounts Manager,
Robert Ilgenfrits '56 Assistant Dis-
play Accounts Manager, James
Mills, Layout Manager, Peter Coo-
per '56 Assistant Layout Manager,
William Wise '55 BAd. Local Ad-
vertising Manager, Gail Cohen '56
Assistant Local Advertising Man-
ager, Stuart Lehrman, Assistant
Local Advertising Manager, Lois
Pollak '56 National Advertising
Manager, Kenneth Rogat '56 Asr
sistant Promotion Manager, Mary
Jean Monkoski '55 BAd., Subscrip-
tion Accounts Manager, and Don-
na Green '56 Assistant Subscrip-
tion Accounts Manager.
verine fouling in a futile attempt
to get the ball that helped the win-
ners cushion their lead.
The Maize and Blue in defeat,
gave just about its best Big Ten
road performance of the season.
Once they grabbed the lead late
in the initial period, the Wolver-
ines were not headed until a two
pointer by Ed Kalafat with 7:50
remaining in the contest gave
the Gophers a 60-59 advantage.
The losers outscrapped and out-
rebounded Minnesota in the first
half and led, 41-36, at the inter-
mission. Sparked by the fast
breaks of Don Eaddy and the 15-
point shooting of Jim Barron,
Michigan stole the play from the
taller Gophers during the first 20
THE LOSS OF Paul Groffsky on
fouls with just a minute and 55
seconds gone in the third period
hurt the Wolverine rebounding
strength and though Bill Perigo's
five did move out to a 57-49 lead,
the Gophers began to control the
Whereas in the initial half
Minnesota had been getting only
one shot at a time while Michi-
gan was getting two and some-
times three, the situation now
Led by their high-scoring for-
ward Dick Garmaker, the winners
slowly cut down the Ann Arbor
cagers' margin until they took the
lead for keeps in the fourth quar-
ter. Garmaker was eventually the
game's high scorer with 26 tallies.
* * *
THE MAIZE and Blue fell be-I
hind, 15-6 early in the game as
the Gophers' 6-11 sophomore cen-
ter Bill Simonovich poured in four
quick buckets. It was at this point
that Barron, who led Michigan's
scorers with 21 tallies, began to
connect with his set and one-hand
See GOPHERS, Page 3
"Contributions for placement on
the Gargoyle art staff are still be-
ing accepted," cooed Garg art edi-
tor Leila Deutsch, gently tossing
her quill at the bulletin board.
"Bulls eye." slh ar"led.
Dulles Says No
Of Red China
WASHINGTON - (I) - Secre-
tary of State DuUes assured 15 key
members of Congress yesterday on the problem, Dean of Women Am Cordill '56 was appointed
the scheduled Asian peace confer- Deborah Bacon declined to answer as office, manager for the 'En-
ence will bring "no U.S. recogni- for the Board but said, "Any de- sian, and Lou Tishler '55 and
tion of the Chinese Communist re- cision along this line is always a Thomas Arp 54 were appointed
gime." blend of economics and ideals." asBusinesManer a
A State Department spokesmano * * * Editor respectively for Genera-
issued a formal statement to that ACTING DEAN of Men Whalter on.
effect several hours after a 90 B. Rea, who is chairman of the On the Gargoyle, Norman Gid-
minute conference between Dulles Board of Governors, previously dan '55 was appointed as Adver-
and the lawmakers at the State stated, "student opinion should be tising Manager, and Robert Busha
Department. considered by the administration and Martin Bloom '56 are the Co-
n * * * in determining whether houses will Circulation Managers; David Kes-
OSTof the Republican and be turned over to women." sel was appointed Associate Edi-
Democratic members of Congress The next meeting of the tor.
came out of the meeting tight- Board of Governors, at which-
lipped, brushing aside inquiries the issue will probably be faced, Pakistan Asks
with a "no comment." Some of i scheduled for March 16.
them said Dulles had asked them Hayden House Vice-President
to let him do the talking. Dave Joyce, '55E, reported that For U.S. Aid
five members of the Board of Gov- ' -*/.LL.I
The statement released later ernors have accepted invitations KARACHI, Pakistan - ) -
said Dulles "reported fully" on to dinner at the house tomorrow. KPRime I aistMoamnd-A-iWa-
the Berlin Big Four foreign min- A discussion of the housing Prime Minister Mohamed Ali an-
isters conference. problem is expected to follow. nounced yesterday that Pakistan
has formally requested U. S. mih-
tary aid under terms of American
e dmutual security law.
SLestie Te r msA vardfThis is the long-discussed pro-
gram which could entail estab-
to M cCarthy41 tuniclishment of U. S. military bases
SCCin this country and which has
been bitterly opposed by Indian
Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru.
By JON SOBELOFF He has argued it would tip the
At a Washington's birthday ceremony, Sen. Joseph McCarthy balance of power between India
(R-Wis.) yesterday accepted a gold medal from the Philadelphia and Pakistan.
chapter of the Sons of the American Revolution for his "outstanding Simultaneously in New Delhi,
work in fighting Communism both in and out of this country." Nehru renewed his attack on the
Pointing out the irony of the situation, Prof. William R. Leslie proposed Pakistan-U. S. pact, de-
of -the history department said yesterday "Washington himself cer- laring "We do not want to enter
tainly believed in the overthrow of the government by force and into this circle of hatred, violence,
violence, to which task he pledged "his life, his fortune and his and fear that is the cold war-and
sacred honor." we do not want others to do so,
* * * * either."
country, Mahammed Ali, former Pakis-
IF THE BRITISH could have caught the father of our tan ambassador to Washington,
they would have hanged him as a traitor," Prof. Leslie stated. emphasized his country had asked
The professor of constitutional history added he had heard for the military aid "for the pur-
a radio report that "police were guarding Sen. McCarthy after pose of achieving increased de-
he received a letter from a 'lunatic' (they called him) who, was fensive strength, a higher and
going to 'water the tree of liberty with the blood of a tyrant'." stronger degree of economic sta-
"George Washington was the best President we ever had, al- bility designed to foster interna-
though perhaps not the best politician or general," Prof. Leslie con- tional peace and security within
tinued. the framework of the United Na-
"He was great because of what he did not do. tions Charter.
"WITHHI Srveat nti and the Constitutional grant of execu- Generatin Confa _)
DAIRY PRODUCERS ARGUE:
Boulding Views Subsidy Program
The Joint Judiciary Council By DOROTHY MYERS
appointed the following mem- April 1 may mark the beginning
bers to its ranks early this of large cut-backs in fhe number
morning: of farmers in the dairy industry
Audry Rosin '55LS&A throughout the midwest because
Janet Rutherford '55LS&A of a recent order announced by
Roger Wilkins '56L Secretary of Agriculture Ezra Taft
Norm Giddan '55LS&A Benson.
TawfidKhoury'55ES&AThe new policy, which would
Tawfiq Khoury '55E mean support of butter at 75 per
cent of parity instead of the pres-
ent 90 per cent, has caused wide-
IRnappeno S peak spread controversy on both the
ST r'eatyP1 aneconomic and political side of the
the production quota system. cultural experts to predict that
which limits by law the amount far more butter would be pur-
which can be produced and is a k chased from now on. None of a
method widely used to regulate group of experts questioned by
production of wheat, cotton and the Associated Press, however,
other products, to the dairy in- would predict whether the demand
dustry, the agriculture specialist would soon eliminate the 300 mil-
elaborated. i lion pounds of surplus butter now
* * * in government warehouses.
"IF THE government had neverr
established these price supports, ONE OF THE largest farm or-
people would never $ave gotten ganizations in the midwest, the
into the dairy industry in the Farm Bureau Federation of Wis-
19~f ,1nrp. " PDrf -. ildinp,, ca '1ir consin, came out in strong support
f 1.,._.v_ - 1_1 - r A -V -n - n~
"Anyone wno can a0 cxax gayxe YY l xr2 lllJ s t uau Ntcouagc ag&A v-u .-,wa-vaw-., - -" z - - k v v a av %,% VJL q-p s.x %.. A F JLJLjL%.Sj"