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May 18, 1954 - Image 4

Resource type:
Michigan Daily, 1954-05-18

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TUESDAY, I WAY 18, 1954


The Supreme Court Ruling
On Segregation

IN AN OPINION that will have the greatest
personal impact of any decision handed
down in a long time, the Supreme Court
ruled yesterday that segregation of Negro
and white students in public schools is un-
The court has thus thrown down the long
standing theory of "separate but equal" fa-
cilities, which has been contested ever since
1896, when the Court set up the doctrine in
the case of Plessy vs. Ferguson.
The unanimous decision reflects the
growing thought that segregation in itself
is evil; that separate facilities are by defi-
nition unequal. The decision finally recog-
nizes what should have been the law all
the time; that segregation does deprive
the individual of his rights.
But the passage of the law is only the
It is doubtful that anyone, even the most
hard-boiled segregationist did not know that
yesterday's decision was coming. However,
the problem now looms as immediate, it is
no longer a question for the next generation
to cope with.
On the books, the ruling will read as a
victory for the democratic forces of the
world. But its repercussions may be great-
er than the average person realizes. The
problems of the South run deeper than
any person in the North can understand.
He fails to understand that the average
Southerner does not hate the Negro, that
he' is not segregated because of any bitter
or mean feelings, but because the social
system has been a way of life for genera-
tions past.
Segregation in the schools never has been
an end in itself, but rather only one surface
manifestation of the problem. Thus no anti-
discrimination law can be a panacea to end
all troubles; by itself it can at best be only
a scratch at the surface.
However, administered with goodwill, it
may prove an important beginning in clear-
ing up the whole problem of race relations.
Once the law is past initial troubles, there
will be little problem in enforcing it. Chil-
dren growing up together can hardly main-
tain the deep suspicions which have so com-
plicated the matter. Then, it will be only
natural for the rest of segregation to taper
off of its own accord.
The immediate problem will be enforc-
ing the law so that progress already made
will not be swept away. Only time will tell
whether it would have been best to let the
natural forces of conciliation have their
slow way. , ,
It might be wise at this point to review the
reasons why segregation in the South did
not disappear 50 years ago, and why it has
lingered so many years longer than in any
other section of the country. With the end
of the civil war, a bitter and dissillusioned
South had to reconstruct its whole social
system. Faced with the problem of inte-
gration of an illiterate Negro people which
in most districts averaged 50 percent of the
population, this was no easy task. Where
other sections of the country had been able
to integrate slowly and peacefully their
smaller Negro population, the South was ex-
pected to accomplish immediately a recon-
struction of its social system.
However, with the recovery of the eco-
nomic system of the South the racial prob-
lem has been working itself out. The pro-
gress has been slow, but sure, without any
major upheavals and setbacks. The old gen-
eration that held a bitter spot in its heart
for wrongs done the South in the Recon-
struction days has all but died out, leaving
in its place a more progressive generation
with a more tolerant attitude. The South

At Lydia Mendelssohn,..
GRAMERCY GHOST by John Cecil Holm
THIS WEEK'S offering in the current
Drama Season is a very pleasant play
with a number of laughs but little behind
them. It is wholly predictable at every mo-
ment, but it has been produced with such
polish, and the stock characters are played
so well, that the book itself really matters
very little.
The story is a typical three-way love prob-
lem, with an extra angle in the person of
Nathaniel Coombes, a Revolutionary War
soldier who appears to the young lady in
the triangle. We can always be certain that
June Lockhart, the heroine, will break her
engagement with her Bostonian businessman
fiance, and will wind up in the arms of John
Dall, who plays an amorous newspaperman.
William Roerick, who portrays the title
phantom, is a sure bet to act as a deus ex
machina and direct the love problem to its
proper solution.
Since the triangle situation is so well-
worn the novelty of the play lies in the
existence, or semi-existence, of Nathaniel,
the "Spirit of '76." He was, as he explains

has been long looking for a way out; not
having found it, it held to the old system.
But better education, and most of all a
raised standard of living, have done much to
allay the prejudices of the discontented low-
er classes.
The South is slowly finding out that the
Negro makes a good citizen. It is awaken-
ing to the fact that a divided population
is a hindrance, from a social as well as an
economic standpoint. Already Negroes have
been admitted to most graduate schools,
- with many church schools taking the lead
in lowering color barriers. Negroes can be
found running for public office and garner-
ing many votes. Citizens banding together
for some common community purpose
rarely fail to include prominant Negro
members of the community. Thus definite
changes in attitude can be found in even
the last five years.
What is significant about these improve-
ments is that they have all been accomplish-
ed quietly, from within the South itself.
Whites and Negroes have rarely objected
when the mingling comes unobtrusively. The
Southerner is aware that he has a problem
to overcome, but he wants to overcome it
himself without feeling pressured by any
group from another section of the country.
If he needs help it is friendly aid, rather
than being ordered around, that he desires.
There has been another noteworthy trend
in the South recently, that of the lessening
of violence. The Southerner has tended to
put down the violence of his own accord,
and for every abuse of justice that receives
nation-wide notoriety, there are many more
that are suppressed or caught beforehand.
Anti-Klan laws have been passed by most
states, and courts generally deal severely
with any race troubles.
There are two states that may make
plans for changing their schools to pri-
vate systems; these can at best be last-
ditch efforts and will die out as soon as
*the people in those states realize that
non-segregation of schools will not harm
Undoubtedly there will be some strife and
hard feelings between the school children
whom the ruling will affect. But children
are quick to adapt to a new situation, and
although education may suffer for a while
the change should not leave too many mal-
adjusted people.
One additional problem lies in the fact
that the view which the Court has now up-
held is for the South an imposed view. The
fact that the South had no hand in its des-
tiny is bound to leave 'some bitterness.
The key to the solution then lies in its
enforcement. The die is cast, the South will
have to accept facts. But in what spirit it
accepts them depends largely on the attitude
taken by the rest of the country. The South
must not be made to feel that it is being
discriminated against by a group of men in
Washington, most of whom have never been
very far south of the Mason-Dixon line for
more than a few months.
The Court has said that it will hear fur-
ther arguments this fall on how and when
to end segregation. It might be wise to
wait a few months for the initial hubub to
die down before taking any action. Sen-
sationalizing the problem by demanding
immediate enforcement will only result in
the race riots and regression that the
South so dreads.
If the new ruling is enforced with a spirit
of fairness and an open mind, it will do
much to smooth over the change. In that
case, yesterday's judgement may prove to be
the first step toward a real solution of the
-Freddi Loewenberg

he was branded traitor, and required to
stay on the spot where he was killed. So
through the years poor Nathaniel has
haunted a corner of what became Gram-
ercy Park, and became the particular pro-
vince of Miss Lockhart upon the demise
of a kindly centenarienne who "left" him
to her to look after. Nathaniel's only es-
cape from earth will follow the safe de-
livery of his lost message to the descen-
dents of the courier he was to give it to.
The players in Mr. Holm's drama are all
excellently cast and present an exceptionally
smooth production. Miss Lockhart is bright
and gay, and follows her spirit-seeing to its
ultimate dramatic point. She remains the
center of attention throughout the play, and
proves herself a fine and experienced veteran
of the theater. Mr. Dall and Tom Tyrell,
who plays the proper Bostonian, both give
polished performances.
The play abounds with fine character-
parts, and a few of them threaten to steal
the show in their brief appearances. Nydia
Westman, as Miss Lockhart's companion, is
a precious fussy old maid-a much more
logical person for Nathaniel to haunt.
Truman Smith anil Iggie Wolfington, an
addle-brained lawyer and a cop who flus-

With an Athlete
WHAT? You say they're throwing out
seven million bucks on a new athletic
program? Holy catfish! What's wrong with
the one we have now?
What? Speak louder, man, I can't hear
you. Don't be afraid. They think we
haven't got enough athletic facilities, you
say? Now there's a funny opinion. Why
do they want to put a fortune into new
athletic buildings? Why don't they put
it where it's needed?
What? We don't need any other improve-
ments? Listen, man, I can think of plenty.
If they can get seven million smackaroos
out of football funds for athletics, why
couldn't they make appropriations for aca-
demic purposes? You say we don't need aca-
demic improvements? What gave you that
idea? Look at that prehistoric Romance
Languages building. Students are hanging
out of the windows. The floors creak as if
they ha4 rheumatism. Listen, man, if a fire
broke out in that trap, it'd be the end of at
least five hundred students,
What? We need to keep pace with the
University's enrollment? Positively, but
not in athletics - in academics. We
already have a good enough program to
take care of all thefsport enthusiasts.
Isn't three swimming pools enough? Why
build a fourth one? The ones we have now
are in perfect condition.
What? A new fieldhouse with handball
courts, track, and a place for hockey games?
But we already have all those things! Yea,
I know, we need new and more elaborate
ones. What about getting new and better
classrooms? You don't know? Your business
is sports? That's what I figured,
Sure, I can tell you what else we could
put that money into besides athletics. We
could build more dorms. What's wrong
with building more dorms? People are
griping about not having enough room to
house all these students. The problem
isn't bad yet. Wait until those World War
II babies start coming to college. We can't
set up tents, You say we could probably
put them in the field house?
How can the administration get money
for improvements on academic facilities?
Well, the same way that money is being
received for the athletic program. It isn't
possible? Well, make it possible. What's
more important, educated individuals or
athletics? You can't answer on the grounds
that it may incriminate you? Phooey!
-Lou Megyesi
At the Michigan .. .
CARNIVAL STORY is an old-fashioned
melodrama about the girl who keeps
going up and down the morality ladder.
Fraulein Willie (Anne Baxter) gets a dish-
washing job with a U. S. carnival touring
Munich. The minute she gets a glimpse of
Joe (Steve Cochran) she is lost. It seems
that she finds him so animalisticly magnetic
that she cannot help but run into his tent
every time he whistles for her. Many other
men are also interested in Willie. High
Diver Frank (Lyle Bettger) wants to make
her a partner in his act and marry her.
Life photographer Vines (Georges Nader)
would like to take Willie away from it all.
Groppo (Adi Berber), the carnival's deaf-
and-dumb giant, has a sort of grade-school
crush on Willie.

Before Carnival Story has gotten
through its 94-minute running time, Wil-
lie has left her dishwashing job, become a
star high diver, and run in and out of
tents, beds, and masculine arms. To those
familiar with the Hollywood censorship
code, it should not be surprising that
Willie turns out to be just another crazy-
mixed-up kid, overflowing with unrealized
goodness. The manner in which Script
Writers Hans Jacoby acid Kurt Neumann
finally solve her problems proves to be
just a bit too contrived and illogical to
make much sense.
Miss Baxter gives her usual good per-
formance. If she occasionally overacts (and
the script gives her ample opportunity to
scream, cry, get beaten up ,tremble, shrike,
and groan), Director Kurt Newmann has
sense enough to keep the other actors suf-
ficiently low pitched to balance her style.
As an added bonus, Actress Baxter wears
a wardrobe of swim suits that should make
Esther Williams blush; and some of her love
scenes may force Italians to find a new defi-
nition for "earthy."
The color photography done in Munich is
excellent, capturing the razzle-dazzle carni-
val mood. Especially exciting, although
somewhat repetitive, are the diving scenes
done from a height of 110 feet into a six-
foot-deep tank.
Everything considered, Carnival Story
should at least provide an evening's enter-
tainment, although the viewer is likely to
have completely forgotten it long before
the next morning.

.J.etterstOt C¢rdit..


Not Pertinent?

-. --

"Beat It.

We're Getting I

To the Editor:
THE PETITIONS testifying to
the professional competence
of the suspended faculty members
are "not particularly pertinent,"
says Dean Stason of the Law
School. What must be answered,
according to the learned Dean, is
whether a person who invokes the
Fifth Amendment is a proper
member of the academic commu-
Ignoring the fact that one of the
suspended faculty members, Dr.
Davis, did not use the Fifth
Amendment, let us look into the
implications of Dean Stason's re-
marks. Is Dean Stason saying that
members of the University com-
munity are not capable of passing
judgment on the fitness of their
colleagues? Is he insinuating that
only Dean Stason has the per-
spicacity to "clear" members of
the faculty? For if the statements
of the professional colleagues of
the suspended men "were not par-
ticularly pertinent," then whose
statements are?
Perhaps, if one follows Dean
Stason's logic, we should relegate
to the Law School the duty of
passing on the fitness of all fac-
ulty members. Then, I am quite
sure, the sanctity and purity of
the academic community would be
preserved from here to eternity,
-Ed Shaffer
Roll Over, Fido .. .
To the Editor:
i SHOULD hate to live with the
conscience of a man who is
patted on the back by Congress-
man Clardy. This would be .spec-
ially true if I were a man in a
position to know and understand
-and, I assume, even though in
an administrative position-care
about academic civil rights.
I would imagine that such a
man, knowing that he was in a
position to spit in an obviously
corrupt politician's face (and poli-
ticians don't get any corrupter
than those who are willing to de-
stroy basic precepts of democracy
for re-election), would cringe on
remembering being patted on the
back-maybe scratched behind the
ear . . . "Nice Fido, now that you've
jumped through the hoop you can
roll over and play dead for a
I do not doubt that tremendous
pressures were brought to bear
on such a man, as they usually
are. But there have tobe some-
where the men who can take a
stand; who can put up their hands
to stop the flood of acquiescence
and say, "No, you cannot do this.
I will do and say everything in
my power to prevent you."
I don't say it's easy to gamble
with stakes like a big home and
five figures a year salary and a
very respectful and important po-
sition. But the odds are that a
man who's got such an important
position is not so easily going to
be dislodged from it. The odds-
which are distinctly against most
who clash with Clardy and his
confreres-are in this man's fa-
vor. It's true that he needn't
gamble at all. In this way he keeps
his house and five figures-and
maybe his importance. But con-
sider, he loses all respect. And I'll
bet (my odds are pretty good, too)
he knows it.
-Arlyne Lazerson
* * *
Unreasonable Editorial
To the Editor:
WE HAVE come a long way from
the Age of Reason when it
was believed that man was a ra-
tional animal. We realize today
that this was essentially a naive
and untrue conception of man-
that the motivating force behind

our actions and beliefs is not the
clarity and distinctness of an idea
but our desires and our needs.
However, I was under the mis-
taken notion that people today still
respected reason and scientific
thought sufficiently to believe that
some criterion of rationality
should be used in judging all our
actions and beliefs.
And then I read the editorial on
the faculty suspensions signed by
the future senior editors of the
Daily - Gene Hartwig, Dorothy
Myers, Jon Sobeloff, Pat Roelofs,
Becky Conrad and Nan Swinehart.
Even more surprising than Pres.
Hatcher's action itself was their
statement that
"In more reasonable times the
temporary suspension might not
have been justified . . . But these
are not reasonable times. Pres.
Hatcher, faced with the necessity
of "doing something" to avoid
compromising the reputation of
this midwestern state university in
the minds of a not-too-reasonable
public did the best he could.... "

Another Fund .0..

To The Editor:
WONDER how successfully "de-
nazification" can erase the
warped thinking of years of in-
tense training. Have we forgotten
so soon the brutalities of Nazi Ger-
many that we are willing to heed
the advice of an opportunist like
Mr. Peter Kalinke? It is curious
that Mr. Kalinke passes himself
off as an "expert" on Communism
and not Naziism. I would be inter-
ested in Mr. Kalinke's activities
were he back in Germany where
"ex-Nazis" are flourishing in key
governmental positions.
Perhaps while some letter writ-
ers suggest a collection for Mr.
Shaffer's passage to Russia, I
would be willing to contribute to
Mr. Kalinke's passage back to
Germany for a temporary stay in
order to observe his political be-
havior there.
-Kay Engel.
**. * *
SAC Ruling..
To The Editor:
I BELIEVE there are certain facts
relevant to the question of the
Academic Freedom sub-Commis-
sion and SAC which have not been
revealed and which are necessary
for a correct evaluation of the
The Academic Freedom sub-
Commission, a number of weeks
ago, when University community
subpoenas were announced, decid-
ed to sponsor a public hearing af-
ter the Clardy Hearings. The ob-
ject of this was to allow the testify-
ing individuals to clarify and ex-
plain their positions to the cam-
pus. We felt the students would be
interested in hearing these state-
ments. We further felt that the
public had the right to know rea-
sons for stands taken, as a means
to intelligent conclusions.
The incident which occurred as
a result of putting these plans in-
to action was caused by an error,
We of the sub-Commission believ-
ed that all necessary formalities

Material For McCarthy" hurts-the Alumni fund will no
longer get its annual one dollar
contribution from this Wolverine!
-Willard C. Carpenter, Jr.
--- : Class of '53
** * *
Nhot That Simple..,,
To The Editor:
HOW VERY presumptuous of Bob
Johnson to think that the "av-
erage student does not in any way
agree with the ideas you (The
Daily) have expressed . . ." Mr.
Johnson's letter happened to be
the first one siding with the Com-
mittee since the suspensions were
announced. Could it be that the
majority agree with The Daily
more or less, or are Mr. Johnson's
cohorts afraid to speak their
:; minds?
It is unfortunate indeed that Bob
Johnson must think in extremes
of black and white. For instance
he says there is no reason why any
loyal citizen should fear a commit-
tee. There are plenty of reasons.
Once a person answers, he has
granted the Committee the right
to question his political beliefs. It
is much like the man who lets an
intruder into his home. Once he
freely lets the stranger in, the man
takes the blame for whatever hap-
pens to him. If the man keeps th
stranger out, he can defend him-
self. Secondly, it is obvious that
were complete and the hearing the Committee is not only inter-
O.K.'ed. I was under the impres- ested in whether you are or were
sion the SL Cabinet had consulted a Communist; they are also cur-
SAC and the Cabinet under the ious about your friends, relations,
impression I had filed a petition. and acquaintances. Many people
The end result of this misunder- for some unexplainable reason, Mr.
standing due to insufficient check- Johnson, feel they have a moral
up, was an impression that there responsibility to protect their
was an attempt to bypass SAC. friends and family from unpleas-
The only motive behind distribu- ant things that do not directly in-
tion of publicity on Tuesday was volve them,
that of assuring adequate pub- Another of Mr. Johnson's state-
licity for a meeting on Thursday. ments is "Either you're loyal or
Working under the misconception you aren't!" Apparently even the
that the meeting was fully approv- Compittee can't make such a defi-
ed, the Academic Freedom sub- nite statement, or they wouldn't
Commission announced it to the even bother with investigations.
campus. They'd merely deport, fine, fire, or
In writing his editorial about imprison everybody who didn't live
this incident, Gene Hartwig did up to their concept of loyalty. (Of
not question me to discover if the course, that would mean question-
impression indicated by the situa- ing every single person in this
tion was factual. His appraisal of country.) Exactly what do you
the sub-Commission's motives was mean by loyalty? Unquestioning
therefore based upon the appear- acceptance of everything this gov-
ances of the case, ernment says and does, patriotic
It is unfortunate that on such a flag waving, nationalism, and con-
hot issue an administration mixup demnation of every other form of
should occur, for it complicates government even when you don't
the situation with issues not basic know what and why you're con-
to it. I hope the discussion of these demning? Unfortunately for you,
facts will clear the air of unjusti- Bob Johnson, loyalty is not the
fled conclusions, allowing for calm- childishly simple concept you seem
er consideration of the vital ques- to think it is. Loyalty certainly im-
tions resulting from the Clardy plies defending, verbally and ideal-
Hearings. ly the doctrines of one's country
-Etta Gluckstein, and fighting for it in times of
Chairman, SL Academic emergency, but a person who truly
Freedom sub-Commission loves his country criticizes it, gets
* * * angry with it, and even hates it
uly or ou. .. sometimes because its evils, vices,
and weaknesses hurt him. He
To the Editor: doesn't blindly brag about his
country and degrade everybody
ERE is a copy of a letter I just else. He is both humble and proud
sent Pres. Hatcher: of its strength and greatness, but
Congratulations on your recent also ashamed of its weaknesses and
action showing that you, too, are a eager to correct them.
100 per cent American! Bully! No Progress was never made in a
doubt the legislature will double vacuum, Mr. Johnson; improve-
the UofM's appropriations next ment comes by comparison. Only
session. an inquiring, curious, questioning
Certainly you are not a McCar- individual can know and under-
thyite. For the life of me I can't stand others, and thus learn what
understand what can make a man is good for him and his country.
of your stature and intelligence Loyalty s not1 created by blind ad-
bow to expediency like this . . . is herence to a totality: It is fos-
your job that important? tered by a mature enlightened
So let me strike a blow where it mind that can reject and accept
according to the basic values of a


, '



-Judy Gregory, '5$6.


(Oontinued from Page 2)
Peninsula of Michigan," Wed., May 19,
East Council Room, Rackham Building,
at 1:30 p.m. Chairman, W. W. Chase.
Doctoral Examination for William An-
drew Paton, Jr., Business Administra-
tion; thesis: "The Impact of Inflation
on Corporate Monetary Items," Wed.,
May 19, 716 Business Administration
Building, at 2 p.m. Chairman, W. R.
Doctoral Examination for Lyle Gerald
Clark, Engineering Mechanics; thesis:
"A Study of Heat Transfer as Related
to a Special Case of Secondary Motion,"
Wed.. May 19, 307 west Engineering
Building, at 2 p.m. Chairman, W. W.
Doctoral Examination for William Ab-
bott Scott, Social Psychology; thesis:
"The Avoidance Response to Pictorial
Representation of Threatening Situa-
tions," Wed., May 19, 6625 Haven Hall,
at 3 p.m. Chairman, J. W. Atkinson.
Doctoral Examination for Robert Zane
Norman, Mathematics; thesis: "On the
Number of Linear Graphs with Given
Blocks," Wed., May 19, West Council
Room, Rackham Bldg., at 2:15 p.m.
Chairman, Frank Harary.
The University of Michigan Symphony
Band, William D. Revelli, Conductor,
with Edwin Franko Goldman, Guest
Conductor, will present its annual
spring concert at 8:30 Tuesday evening,

Events Today
Senior Society meeting tonight at
7:15 in the League. All old and new
members should be present.
Museum Movies. "Ocala National For-
est" free movie shown at 3 p.m, daily
including Sat. and Sun. and at 12:30
Wed., 4th floor movie alcove, Museum
Building, May 18-24.
The Arts Chorale will perform in the
Union Ballroom this evening at 7:30.
All members are required to meet at 7
p.m. in the Union-the place will be
posted. Women wear dressy dresses and
men dark suits and bow ties. Please be
prompt. {


Sixty-Fourth Year
Edited and managed by students of
the University of Michigan under the
aiitnUlty n4,the Rn B n I c S l n

Iautnority ox te e oar in uontro o
Ballet Club. Studio Evening of Bal- Student Publications.
let including motion picture, barre
demonstration, and dances. Public cor- Editorial Staff
dially invited and no admission will ,Hary Lunn..........Managing Editor
be charged. The program will be held Erlc Vetter.City Editor
this evening at Barbour Gym and will virginia V oss...... ..ditorial Director
begin at 8 p.m. Mike Wolff......Associate City Editor
Alice B. Silver. Assoc. Editorial Director
Square and Folk Dancing. Everyone Diane D. AuWerter....Associate Editor
welcome. Tonight, Lane Hall, 7:30-10:00. Helene Simon..........Associate Editor
Ivan Kaye.. ............. Sports Editor
The Committee planning for the Fal Paul Greenberg.... Assoc. Sports Editor
Religious Lecture Series will hold a spe- Marilyn Campbell... Women's Editor
cial meeting today, Lane Hall, 4 p.m. Kathy Zeisler .Assoc. Women's Editor
Chuck Kelsey .. Chief Photographer
Coming Events Business Stag



Wesleyan Guild. Hope to see you at
Martin Worship in the chapel, 7:30-
7:50 a.m., and in the Lounge for mid-
week refresher tea, 4-5:30 Wednesday.
Do you have your ticket for the Senior
Banquet? Plan to come and honor our

Thomas Treeger .Business Manager
William Kaufman Advertising Manager
Harlean Hankin . .Assoc. Business Mgr.
William Seiden .. Finance Manager
Anita Sigesmund Circulation Manager
Telephone NO 23-24-1


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