THE MICHIGAN" DAILY
SATURDAY, MARCH 13, 1954
TWO THE MICHIGAN DAIL1~ SATURDAY, MARCH 13, 19M
pD!.IITTEDLY, AN eighteen-member stu-
:.4nt govc °nment would carry on its busi-
ncss meetings quickly and efficiently. How-
ever, it is doubtful whether the main object-
ive of the Student Executive Committee,
now in the planning stage, should be effi-
During its weekly sessions, the Student
Affairs Study Committee has envisioned
a group which will amalgamate Student
Legislature and SAC. But in order to work
competently along these lines, a student
government needs more than eighteen
members with a core of only eleven elect-
ed representatives to do the footwork.
SL numbers among its projects the Home-
coming Dance, Student Book Exchange, ac-
tions on the driving ban and Thanksgiving
holiday. The dance and possibly the book
exchange SL could delegate to other campus
organizations. But, larger, more controver-
sial issues and projects could not be tossed
into the laps of other student groups. No
political club represents so widely variant
student feelings on the driving ban or bias
clauses that it could properly reach a valid
decision on the issues or recommend action
to the SEC.
Seven "expert" members were included on
the committee to lend experienced thinking
to the realm of student government. They
can provide leadership and coordination to
SEC, but cannot possibly be expected to serve
as full-time government executives, too.
Leaders of the seven campus organ-
izations cannot take over much of the
preliminary research necessary for such
policy-making decisions since they will
spend a major part of their time heading
their own organizations.
Thus, this time-consuming research work
and administration of SEC decisions falls on
the eleven elected delegates who will find
themselves so overburdened with these jobs
that they won't have the chance to carry out
their primary function of policy-making.
Another of SEC's functions should be ex-
pression of student opinion. For years, crit-
ics of SL have leveled charges of non-res-
ponsibility" at the Legislature with forty
Now, a group of eleven elected delegates
will pretend to represent and express the
varying facets of opinion on a campus of
nearly 18,000 students.
It remains to be seen whether students
will place any faith in a student govern-
ment which has neither time to work norj
a representative spirit.j
Let's quit playing dice with a seven-come-
eleven committee and form an effective stu-
dent government of at least twenty-five re-
Improving the International Center--
THEINTERNATIONAL Center has re-
ceived much criticism lately on its inade-
quate facilities and the discrimination shown
by some staff members toward the foreign
students. How do we cope with the situa-
tion, the Center and others wonder. A num-
ber of valid solutions have been offered.
The policy of the University has been
to put students of the same background
together into the same housing unit, in
this way continuing to practice discrimi-
nation. The International Students Asso-
ciation, a group separate from the Center
but working toward the same goal of in-
tegrating the foreign students into Am-
erican life, is trying to get the University
to eliminate this policy, according to an
Acceptance of ISA's policy would do much
to further integration of foreign students in-
to American society, integration which has
begun by sending foreign students as roving
ambassadors throughout the state telling
various communities of their own country's
life. Students are asked to speak at such
civil organizations and clubs as the Rotary,
Kiwanis and Junior Chamber of Commerce,
and are also invited to visit many private
homes. In this way they become acquainted
with American life while letting Americans
know about their own.
Another suggestion, advanced by Mr.
George Petrossian, administrative assistant
of the Center, is that the staff should be
composed of people who have special in-
terest in foreign students. A member of the
ISA carried this idea one step further by
suggesting that the staff should include for-
eign students as well as non-students who
are appointed for life.
The head of the International Center
should be a person who is familiar with
foreign cultures and backgrounds, Mr.
Petrossian also suggests. The director
should also have thorough knowledge of
the University's social and educational
functions and be a "warm, sympathetic
and genuine person who is really interest-
ed in the welfare of everyone especially
students from other lands."
Several students feel that some staff
members are nothing more than "figure-
heads," that they just "don't do anything."
"Ninety per cent of the funds allotted to the
International Center goes to the staff where-
as only ten percent is used for the good of
the students. There should either be a de-
crease in the staff or an increase in funds,"
commented one student.
Additional room for improvement can be
found in the useless division between the
ISA and the International Center which
finds both groups working against each
other for the same purpose of integrating
the foreign student. The ISA teas are the
only activities on which the two groups have
worked together. As a member of the ISA
executive board pointed out, "The Center
has taken on the responsibility but they re-
fuse to cooperate or consult with the stu-
dents." He suggested that the president of
the ISA meet with the director of the Cen-
ter to make decisions pertaining to students.
As it is now the ISA takes care of ori-
entation, social events such as the Inter-
national Ball, Monte Carlo Ball, and Mi-
chigras, performances for the community,,
and the student aid fund. They have been
attempting for some time to get students
on the Board of Governors as voting mem-
Another problem which faces the Inter-
national Center is that of plant capacity.
The Center was built in 1938 when foreign
enrollment was 150 to 200 students. With
the current enrollment of over 1,000 stu-
dents the Center is much too small, even
with the Madelon Pound House, an Inter-
national Center annex.
Modern facilities needed by the Center
would be a new auditorium, recreation
rooms, dining halls, lounges, and rooms for
"The core of the problem is lack of
space," said Mr. Petrossian. "Perhaps with
a new, larger and more attractive place
students would be more interested in
coming. It's too bad the administration
overlooked the Center in the new addition
to the Union.
With more space, further attempts at in-.
tegration, changes in the staff and a co-
ordination of the International Center and
the ISA, the Center may be able in the fu-
ture to correct the inadequacies with which
it has been charged.
"Relax - He Hasn't Got To You Yet"
ettei4 TO THE EDITOR
The. Daily welcomes communications from its readers on matters of
general interest, and will publish all letters which are signed by the writer
and in good taste. Letters exceeding 300 words in length, defamatory or
libelous letters, and letters which for any reason are not in good taste will
be condensed, edited or withheld from publication at the discretion of the
A Thesis . .
NOW THAT the
The American Press
THE RESIDENCE Halls Board of Gover-
nors showed greater courage in decid-
ing to stall action on the housing issue
pending full investigation of student opin-
ion than most administrative boards have
shown in some time.
Two conclusions can be drawn from the
1) That the Board has come to realize
the inadvisability of pushing decisions
through without fully considering the
ramifications on the University and stu-
2) That the importance of considering
student opinion in arriving at a decision
bound to affect the students closely has
been recognized in principle.
Continuing in this spirit the Board should
be able to reach a decision on housing for
the next semester at least acceptable to all
One joker lies in the ever-present threat
of the administration, fearful of too much
student participation in decisions, over-
riding the Board with a final edict of its
Time will tell whether the administra-
tion trusts even its own boards.
THE ROAD TO Happiness for the junior
Senator from Wisconsin seems to be in
getting his own radio show.
He is giving the networks the choice of
facing the Truth or getting the Consequen-
Pointing to an FCC code authorizing the
radio networks to allow equal time for all
political adversaries, McCarthy is shout-
ing:"This Is Your Law!"
Thus far, the networks believing that Life
Can Be Beautiful, are keeping M Carthy in
Suspense. But there have been suggestions
to the Senator that Edgar Bergen might
nfl nw Mnffari',,'hv
I FEAR THAT there is at least one genera-
tion of Americans growing up that not
only does not have much respect for diversity
of opinion but doesn't know what it is. It
is only a step to believing that what is
strange or unreported by fifty newspapers
is somehow mischievous or "un-American."
Once every man reads the same things as
his neighbor, and thinks the same thoughts,
the common man is here with a vengeance:
that is to say, the mass bigot ...
I would say that because of this shrink-
ing choice and because of the entailed
indifference to the virtue of diversity, Am-
erican newspapers are unrepresentative of
the whole community and are becoming
even more so. If I seem to be harping
away at the value of variety, tolerance,
and diversity it is because, maybe, I
suffer from the prejudice of other immi-
grants that the best qualities of America
are rooted in these values. If they are to
last they should certainly be independent
of class, income, region, or faith, and any
community, that denies them is paying a
high price for peace and comfort .. .
It is an obviously unhealthy thing, and I
should have thought very "un-American" to
have so many cities where there is only one
newspaper, of a pronounced political bent,
or where the morning and evening news-
paper are owned by the same company. Is
IL + M U
At Hill Auditorium .*.
Elena Nikolaidi, Contralto; Stuart Ross,
THE PHYSICAL mechanism with which
a singer makes music is a far more del-
icate and undependable one than that of
an instrumentalist. Therefore when an ac-
complished singer has an off-night, it may
be considered an act of God. It is unfortu-
nate that Miss Nikolaidi was unable to make
full use of her considerable gifts as a singer
because of an obvious indisposition. Her in-
tonation was insecure, particularly on high
notes, she scooped annoyingly from one tone
to the next, and all too often there was a
strident "hootiness" in her voice. There were
moments during the recital when one
heard the performance of an unmistakably
brilliant singer. But the impression created
by the beautiful tones she was able to pro-
duce (and there were, to be sure, many of
them) was largely nullified by the ugly ones.
To hear this singer when she is in better
voice would probably be a very satisfying ex-
perience-and one necessary to form an
evaluation of her abilities.
it too much to suggest that the Sherman
Act might have a wide field of application
here? Of course, no amount of reforming
legislation can cure the newspaper pub-
lisher of his minimum responsibilities in a
technological age: the pressing competition
of radio and television; the need for a
highly efficient modern plant; a depend-
able pool of advertising revenue .. .
Yet, unless the newspaper is to become
merely another more or less profitable
business, it cannot ignore Scott's dictim: "It
is in its way, though it tries not to be so,
an instrument of government. It plays on
the minds and consciences of man. It may
educate, stimulate, assist, amuse or it may
do the opposite. It has, therefore, a moral
as well as a material existence, and its
character and influence are in the main de-
termined by the balance of these two forces."
If our newspapers can remain diverse
enough, and cherish even a cantankerous
variety of opinion based on the same facts,
then there is a good chance that we shall
have the freedom to get up off our knees in
the year 2000 and feel that our enforced de-
votion to the century of the common man
has not been, after all, a blind surrender of
human individuality to the lowest com-
-Alistair Cooke, from the Saturday Re-
view of Literature's Common Man
Mozart aria. Miss Nikolaidi then sang a
group of four songs of Schubert. As this
group progressed she began producing her
tones with some what more ease and
warmth of sound. Auf dem Wasser zu
singen and Die junge Nonne came off
rather well, as a matter of fact. No expert
on the interpretation of German lieder,
it nevertheless seemed to me that the
Schubert songs were done with consider-
able artistry. The first half of the pro-
gram concluded with the aria, Bel raggio
lusinghier, from Rossini's Semiramide. The
tessitura of this composition is high for
any contralto voice, and Miss Nikolaidi
had considerable trouble with the high
The second half began with a group of
French and Italian songs in which the sing-
er did some of her best work of the evening--
particularly in Voyage a Paris by Poulenc,
Nebbie by Respikhi, and Girometta by Si-
bella. Her voice sounded a bit heavy for
The final number on the printed program
WASHINGTON-If you trace the attacks of Senator McCarthy
against most of the major targets he has aimed at, you will in-
variably detect an underlying motive of revenge-a motive reminis-
cent of totalitarian tactics in Europe before the war.
McCarthy attacked Senators Tydings of Maryland and Ben-1
ton of Connecticut because one questioned his charge of 205 Com-
munists in- the State Department; the other introduced a reso-
lution asking for a probe of McCarthy.-
McCarthy now seeks to defeat Sen. Margaret Chase Smith in1
Maine because she initiated the declaration of conscience which re-
flected on him. And of course the running feud with Secretary of the
Army Stevens came after Stevens refused to admit that Fort Mon-
mouth was riddled with Communists.
But the most brazen recent case of McCarthy vindictiveness was
against the former Assistant Secretary of War, John J. McCloy, now
head of the Chase Bank, which is not exactly a Communist institu-
McCloy has been out of government for some years after a
distinguished career not only in the War Department but as head
of the World Bank and as high commissioner to Germany. Nev-
ertheless, out of the clear ;blue, the Senator from Wisconsin sud-
denly accused McCloy of destroying records of Communists in
the U.S. Army.;
The charge was so untrue that McCarthy had to retract it pub-
licly. But he still accused McCloy of writing a wartime Army order,1
which, McCarthy claimed, permitted Communists to be commissioned
in the U.S. Army.
REASONS FOR REVENGE
BUT WHILE the public has read of McCarthy's attack on McCloy,
they don't know the motives behind that attack. It dates back
to a famous speech made by President Eisenhower at Dartmouth last
spring in which the President condemned book-burning. McCarthy
bitterly resented that speech-obviously aimed at him.
And since the speech was extemporaneous, McCarthy was
determined to find out who had inspired it, even sent an investi-
gator all the way to Hanover, N.H., to see who and what the in-
The inspiration, he found, was Mr. McCloy.
Actually, the inspiration was accidental. Here is what happened.
McCloy, too, was receiving an honorary degree from Dartmouth, and
before the ceremonies, was talking to N.Y. attorney Joseph Pros-
kauer about the books that had been burned at U.S. information
libraries abroad at the demand of Senator McCarthy.
Catching only a fragment of the conversation, President Eis-
enhower leaned forward and asked: "What's this, what's this?"
"I was telling about the burning of State Department books
abroad," McCloy replied.
"Oh, they're not burning books," Ike protested.
"I'm afraid they are, Mr. President," McCloy replied. "I have
He then went on to tell the President how he, as an American
official in Germany knew firsthand the tremendous achievement of
State Department libraries.
"Eighteen million Germans read those books in 1952 alone," Mc-
Cloy explained. "Probably as many Germans studied the principles
of our founding fathers as did Americans, thanks to those books.
"And the value of those books was that they were uncensored.
They criticized you and me, and Dean Acheson and anyone else
in government. The Germans knew they were uncensored and
that was why they streamed into our libraries leaving the houses
of kultur empty.
"These were books sent to American boys right after the war.
Books which their parents and friends wanted them to read. There
was nothing subversive about these books."
EISENHOWER IS MOVED
PRESIDENT EISENHOWER listened intenty. Then obviously moved
he delivered impromptu the stirring Dartmouth speech on book-
burning. It electrified the nation and was hailed by the American
press as Ike's first crack-down on McCarthy.
McCarthy was so furious that next day he pulled wires at
the White House to keep the speech from being broadcast over the
Voice of America and also persuaded the President to issue a
statement that the speech was meant as no reflection on him.
Nevertheless he deeply resented it. And when word came back
from his investigator in Dartmouth regarding the happenstance by
which McCloy had inspired the speech, McCarthy actually went to the
unusual length of investigating everything McCloy did. He sent two
investigators to Germany to dig into McCloy's records as high com-
missioner. There they even probed the records of the car pool to see
how many times Mrs. McCloy used her official limousine to buy gro-
But nothing damaging turned up.
Stymied, McCarthy then launched his accusation against McCloy
for allegedly destroying records on Communists inside the War De-
partment. And when this boomeranged as untrue, the persistent and
revengeful Senator from Wisconsin claimed that McCloy had ar-
ranged for commissions to be given to American Communists during
Actually, McCloy had argued inside the War Department that
Japanese-Americans, German-Americans, members of the fascist sil-
ver shirts and American Communists all should be allowed to fight
for their country if they were found to be loyal; and that the test
should be not membership in one of these groups or organizations but
individual loyalty to the U.S.A. He argued first that it was unfair to
subsided and tempers have!
cooled, I should like to clarify my
apparently misconstrued comment
on women's thick ankles which ap-
peared recently in Murry Frymer's
controversial article. When ap-
proached on such a fertile topic
I became rather voluble and was
warned to limit my criticism to
the insufficient front-page space
available. T h e understatement
which I submitted was intended to
be only an intimation of my com-
plete feeling concerning the short-
comings of our coeds.
T h e subsequent reproaches
which appeared in The Daily let-
ters column have awakened me to
the fact that I criticized that most
insignificant category of female
faults-those which are incurable.
In order to correct this tactical
blunder without the limitations of
space and without fear of further
rebuttal from those of the local
intelligentsia who have decreed
Ihat college newspapers should be
devoted to More Worthy News Ar-
ticles, I have begun preparation
of an extensive and comprehen-
sive thesis titled The Remediable
Flaws of Michigan Women.
After a week's ardent labor I
am nearing completion of the ma-
terial under subheading I: Gross~
superficiality. I hope to have the
entire work prepared for publica-
tion by the first of the year, and
will gladly distribute mimeograph-
ed copies to those young ladies
who feel that they have not yet
attained perfection: I doubt that.
there will be too great a demand.
-Jack Jacobs, '55
* * *
Wire Tapping , . .
l HAVE no quarrel with Miss
Friedman's advocation of crim-
inal penalties for private wiretap-
ping for illegal purposes. How-
ever, I do questionpher objections
to the legalization of wiretapping
evidence in federal criminal trials,
as limited by Mr. Brownell to cases
involving subversives (and possibly
kidnapping and extortion).
As evidenced by the case of Olm-
stead vs. United States and the
interpretation of Section 605 of the
Federal Communications Act, wire-
tapping itself is not considered il-
legal. Furthermore, evidence ob-
tained by wiretapping is now ex-
cluded not on any Constitutional
principles, but solely on a rule of
evidence. Thus any proposals to
legalize this evidence lie outside
the Constitution and wholly in the
realm of legislative policy.
Treating this as a question of
policy, it is difficult to see why the
I1 aTT JAtUUT101
evidence from wiretapping should
not be admissable in federal crim-
inal trials to the extent urged by
the Justice Department. On the
positive side, Mr. Brownell has em-
phasized that it is practically im-
possible to secure a conviction
againtst subversives today without
the use of this evidence, to which
the Judith Coplon case bears
strong testimony. Miss Friedman
points out that if legislation legal-
izing wiretap evidence is passed,
spies will cease to use the tele-
phone as a medium of communica-
tion. Is it not possible that this is
just what the Justice Department
is aiming at? By not being able to
use the telephone as a method of
contact, spies will be forced into
the open, or at the very least forc-
ed to resort to more cumbersome
methods of communication. Surely
this is preferable to the present
situation which allows these spies,
secure in their immunity, to vir-
tually flaunt their plottings under
the very nose of the legally-hand-
cuffed Department of Justice.
On the negative side, two main
objections are raised. The first of
these, the fear of abuse, is appli-
cable to any system of law en-
forcement and is not limited to
the legalization of wiretap evi-
dence. A preferable attitude would
seem to be one of confidence in our
law enforcement officials, with
trust that they will not exceed the
limits of their power and will re-
main above the level of the private
blackmailer and extortionist. If a
further check is desired, however,
it can be found in the proposed
system of review by a federal
judge of all the evidence, which
disallows all that is not pertinent
to the trial.
The second objection, that of the
invasion of privacy and freedom,
loses most of its punch when it is
realized that wiretapping today is
legal, and that the limited use of
evidence therefrom occurs after
the freedom of privacy has already
In short, on the one hand we
have a powerful weapon in the
hands of the Justice Department
that will enable them to prevent
further Judith Coplon cases,
whereas on the other there is an
insignificant invasion of personal
liberties. When it is considered
that evidence is currently admiss-
able if obtained by means of detec-
taphone on the outside of a wall,
an overheard conversation on a
party line, end by listening at a
keyhole, it is difficult to see why
wiretap evidence should not be al-
lowed as well.
-Robert B. Fiske Jr. '55L
FAT D II IV VIifl
PART UHIUAL ISULL 111V
The Daily Official Bulletin is an
official publication of the University
of Michigan for which the Michigan
Daily assumes no editorial responsi-
bility. Publication in it is construc-
tive notice to all members of the
University. Notices should be sent in
TYPEWRITTEN form to Room 2552
Administration Building before 3 p.m.
the day preceding publication (before
11 a.m. on Saturday).
SATURDAY, MARCH 13, 1954
VOL. LXIV, No. 112
General Faculty Meeting. There will
be a general faculty meeting at 4:15
p.m., Mon., Mar. 15, in the Rackham
Lecture Hall, to permit the President
to discuss with the members of the fa-
culty the state of the University. All
members of the teaching staff, includ-
ing teaching assistants and teaching
fellows, are invited to attend.
Co-educational camp needs counselors.
Hilltop Camp on Walloon Lake, Boyne
City, Michigan, will be interviewing
prospective men and women counsel-
ors in the Michigan Union on Tues.,
Mar. 16. Interested persons please con-
tact the Bureau of Appointments, 3528
Administration Building, NO 3-1511,
Ext. 2614 for appointments.
Lecture and Discussion, jointly spon-
sored by the Decentralized Training
Program for post-graduate medical stu-
dents and the Department of Biological
Chemistry. Armand J. Quick, national
authority on the chemistry of blood
clottingand hemorrhagic diseases, will
be a guest speaker at the University
Mon., Mar. 15. A lecture and discus-
sion on "The Hemorrhagic Diseases,
Diagnosis, and Treatment" will be held
in 319 West Medical Building at 9:30
a.m. This is intended primarily for
the post-graduate medical students in
the Decentralized Training Program but
is open to all who are interested. A
second lecture, "The Coagulation
Mechanisms," will be given at 2:15 p.m.
on Monday in 1300 Chemistry Build-
ing. This topic should interest bio-
chemists, medical students, and medi-
cal staff members.
Psychology 55, Section 3 will meet at
9 a.m., instead of 10 a.m., Tues., Mar.
16, in 2429 Mason Hall.
the Philippines." Mr. Aller is sponsored
by the National Social Welfare As-
sembly and the State Department, Lane
Hall, at 12:15 noon.
Square Dance, students and faculty
welcome, Lane Hall. No admission
charge. Tonight 8-12 p.m.
Hillel. Community services, 9f a.m.
Hillelzapoppin, 7:30 p.m., Tappan Jun-
ior High School (Tickets may be pur-
chased at the League or Hillel, Tues-
day through Saturday). Hillelzapoppin
party at Hillel, 11 p.m.
The Inter-Arts Union will hold its
weekly meeting at 2 o'clock this after-
noon at the League. All interested per-
sons are invited.
The Congregational-Disciples Guild.
Guild party at Pilgrim Hall of the Con-
gregational Church, tonight at 8 p.m.
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the University of Michigan under the
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Helene Simon.......Associate Editor
Ivan Kaye .. ........Sports Editor
Paul Greenberg.... Assoc. Sports- Editor
Marilyn Campbell..... Women's Editor
Kathy Zeisler ... Assoc. Women's Editor
Chuck Kelsey ......Chief Photographer
Thomas Treeger......Business Manager
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Harlean Hankin. . ..Assoc. Business Mgr.
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