THE MICHIGAN DAILY
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TALY'S GOVERNMENT is once again on
the brink of complete confusion as Pre-
mier Mario Scelba fights continually to hold
his cabinet together.
Booed and hissed last week by Leftist
members of Parliament, the tough new
Premier could scarcely speak as he made
his bid for a vote of confidence. Neo-
fascists, Communists and Left Wing So-
cialists alike loudly made known their
opposition to the creator of the Italian
Climaxing the chaos, an uproar arose
when Scelba expressed the Government's
sorrow for the death of four persons in
demonstrations against the municipal ad-
ministration in Mussomeli, Sicily. Because
Scelba has made the police force the scourge
of the Communist troublemakers, the Left-
ists delight in blaming him for the death or
injury of any persons involved in a govern-
After twenty-five minutes of deafening
shouting and violent quarreling including
such namecalling as "assassin" expressly
aimed at Scelba, the Parliament resumed.
its meeting. The blowhard leader of the
Italian Reds, Signor Togliati, Immediately
jumped to his feet, citing Premier Scelba
personally for the deaths. The head of the
largest and strongest Communist party this
side of the Iron Curtain went on to say
that before the Premier continued any fur-
ther the Communist party would leave. With.
that Togliati stalked out followed by his
own party and the Left Wing Socialists.
The meeting proceeded as the liberal
Premier discussed his plans for the fu-
ture. The program read more vaguely
than that of his predeceessor, Amintori
Fanfan, the bold, shrewd Tuscan whose
regime lasted exactly eleven days.
Scelba pointed out that his Cabinet had
accepted Fanfani's budget which foresaw
unprecedented spending. The bald-headed
former Sicilian lawyer was, however, far
more general in his statement concerning
the spending of the money, the possible
date of ratification by Parliament of EDC
and the solution to the Trieste question.
(The Italian Premier seems to think Italy
and Yugoslavia could complement each
others' economies most profitably, but first
the West must understand its own problems.)
After eight years of hard built, hard won
democracy under the capable leadership of
de Gasperi, Italy seems to be failing in her
search for a healthy and unified govern-
ment. Giuseppi Pella, known as the "care-
taker," followed de Gasperi as Premier last
August. When he too failed to alleviate the
problems of 2,000,000 unemployed, low wages
and high costs, land reform and others, the
dissension again burst forth.
Within his own Christian Democrat
party a new faction, "The Democratic
Initiative," headed by the then Minister
of the Interior Fanfari spoke out, asking
Pella to oppose Communist growth by
more vigorous social refomins. The Premier
was, unsuccesful. When Pella tried to
replace a Fanfani man, the steering com.
mittee opposed him. Pella resigned; he
has since been followed by Fanfai and
Only nine votes are needed to upset Scel-
ba from his already unsteady rostrum. Thus
far he has not carried out his platform
stressing social reform. If the present pre-
carious position of the Italian government
continues without improvement, the rich,
powerful Communist party there will have
a field day.
T HE University has acquired a powerful al-
ly in its request for about $10,000,000 over
the next five years to build an engineering
laboratory on the North Campus.
An impressive list of industrialists, call-
ing themselves The Industrial Committee
for the University of Michigan Engineer-
ing Laboratories, are actively supporting
They've even put out, a very attractive
multi-color booklet, explaining graphically
the need for a new automotive lab. One is
certainly needed.- \
The crowded, run-down fire hazard that
is the present automotive lab building was
mainly built in 1885. A lean-to shed was
added after the first world war. The shed now
houses much of the lab equipment, which ex-
ceeds the value of the building itself.
The University requested $1,778,000 this
year from the state as the first of five in-
stallments for constructing a new automo-
tive laboratory and other engineering lab
facilities. The governor chopped the request
in half in his budget request to the Legisla-
Of course it's unfortunate that worth-
while projects like a new lab should need
the support -of a powerful group like this
committee, which includes top Ford,
Chrysler, General Motors, Nash and Pack-
ard executives, among others.
But the Legislature responds to political
pressure, and a group such as this one,
illustrating the solid community of interest
between the state's greatest industry and its
greatest University, may be just what is
ette'4 TO THE EDITOR
The Daily welcomes communications from its readers on matters of
general interest, and will publish all letters whichsare signed by the writer
and in good taste. Letters exceeding 300 words in length, defamatory or
libelous letters, and letters which for any reason are not in good taste will
be condensed, edited or withheld from publication at the discretion of the
Winchell House .. *
TODAY AND TOMORROW:
Mr. Molotov in Berlin
To the Editor:
A STATEMENT made in the
"con" section of your eitorial
article (published on Thursday)
on the Winchell House representa-
tives' leaving the West Quad
Council meeting merits correction.
The fact is that, beginning Tues-
day morning, the overwhelming
majority of Winchell men have
shown their respect for the West
Quad dining room rotation plan by
eating in the dining room assigned
The Daily is to be commended
for factual reporting in its ar-
ticle of Wednesday on the dining
rotation issue in West Quad.
West Quad Council
* * .*
Cease Fire ...
To The Eitor:
WE HAVE just returned from
what is supposed to be a
pride producing presentation of
Paramount Pictures, a great epic
called "Cease Fire." Our verdict
was quite unanimous in that this
is undoubtedly one of the worst
movies ever seen especially so
considering that it appeared as
the featurb film at prices the But-
terfield Theaters Inc., now charge
regularly equalling those in most
major cities for first run movies.
This monopolistic theater chain
seems to have no mercy on the
trusting movie-goers. Some among
us go to see almost every show,
and we were so disgusted that we
will surely wait for critical re-
views before venturing forth again.
Others, who because of the press
of studies can only go occasionally
were even more sorely disappoint-
I would like to suggest that
there be some large board of re-
viewers to venture some type opin-
ion on movies before release if the
distributors will not be decent
enough to keep 3rd and 4th rate
S* * s
Penn State .. .
To the Editor:
THE Daily will have J. P. White
out of a job unless it discovers
that Pennsylvania State College is
now Pennsylvania State Universi-
By WALTER LIPPMANN
SINCE NO ISSUES of substance were set-
tled at Berlin, or even negotiated seri-
ously, the attempt to assess the effects of
the meeting must be almost entirely guess-
work. Speaking for the time being only of
Europe, we know, for example, what in fact
we knew before the meeting: that the prin-
cipal powers are not now able to agree on
the unification and military evacuation of
Germany. But we do not know what the
Germans will be thinking and saying as they
realize that they are faced with the prospect
of partition and occupation' that have no
The meeting has, of course, raised a
number of questions which are interest-
ing and which may be 'important. One
of them is why Mr. Molotov, who is op-
posed to the European Defense Commun-
ity, talked so, much and did so little-did
nothing in fact-to compel the Western
powers to negotiate with him about E.D.C.
and an alternative.
I find it difficult to share the opinion
that Mr. Molotov's polite inactivity was im-
posed upon him by the unity of the three
Western Ministers. I am afraid I think that
Mr. Molotov's refusal to make any serious
proposals about Germany helped enormous-
ly to make it easy to preserve a united front
against him, And so we are left with the
question of why he did not make any seri-
ous proposal, why he limited himself to
shopworn proposals which he knew nobody
would dream of accepting, would dream even
To answer this question we can at least
begin with something that is positive and
not really in doubt. It is that last summer
the Soviet Government came to a firm de-
cision that it could not and would not agree
now to the military evacuation of Eastern
Germany and of Austria. We can, I think,
be sure of that much. We can be fairly sure
also that the decision became firm after
the German uprising in June and the subse-
quent fall of Beria, and that it is connected
with the revival of the political power and
influence of the Red army. The basic deci-
sion to continue to occupy Germany and not
to reunite it was already clearly indicated
early last August in Malenkov's big speech.
Having decided against a military with-
drawal, Mr. Molotov in Berlin was like
a man who holds the ace of trumps but
has decided that he cannot for the time
being play it. By the ace of trumps I am
referring, of course, to the Soviet occu-
pation of Eastern Germany and of the lost
territories beyond the Oder-Neisse Line.
Without a war that would destroy Ger-
many the only way that Germany can be
reunited and have again an acceptable
eastern frontier is through agreement with
the Soviet Union. The Western nations
and Dr. Adenauer can propose German
unification but the Russians have the phy-
sical power over the land which is needed
to bring about German unification.
This much is hard fact. From it we may
suppose that Mr. Molotov had no intention
of trading his ace of trumps for an aban-
donment of E.D.C. He acted in Berlin, so it
seemed to me, like a man who dislikes E.-
D.C. very much but does not dislike it so
much or fear it so much that he is prepared
to give up anything substantial in order to
persuade the Westerners to renounce it. The
occupation of Eastern Germany is a great
and tangible asset now: the dangers to the
Soviet Union from E.D.C. and German re-
armament are theoretical, and cannot be-
come actual for a number of years, at the
minimum three to four years. A lot could
happen in Germany, in France and in Italy
and elsewhere in the meantime.
* C .
LET US ALLOW ourselves to pass from
what is solid fact and a fairly close
inference from it to speculation about the
longer run. We may assume, I think, that
the Soviet Government expects that some-
how, through E.D.C. or in NATO a German
army will be formed.
But do the Russians really believe that
this German army, with all of NATO be-
hind it, is going to start marching to-
wards the East in order to liberate the
captive Germans? For myself I cannot
believe that the signer of the Molotov-
Ribbentrop pact has. any such notion.
Surely, he knows quite as well as we do
that Europe cannot be mobilized for a
pro-German crusade, and that in this
eration would be like trying to attack the
Kremlin with cavalry armed with bows
My own guess is that when Western Ger-
many has become stronger, when it has
the military force to be the undisputed mas-
ter of its own territoroy and therefore to
conduct an independent foreign policy, Mr.
Molotov has it in his mind to do what the
Russians have so often done before: to make
a deal with the Germans. That might ex-
plain why he held on to the ace of trumps
during the game he played at Berlin. He
may have believed that he could use his
trump much more effectively, much more
decisively, when the time comes to deal di-
rectly with the Germans.
This might be dismissed as a too-Machi-
avellian view of Mr. Molotov but for the fact
that Mr. Molotov himself did just that in
1939. He is a man in whom the grooves of
habit, judging by how often he repeats him-
self without being bored, are deep and well
worn. In 1939 he extricated himself-so he
and Stalin believed at the time-from the
threat of a Western combination against
Russia which included Germany. It would
be only prudent to suppose that, as he
grows older, the patterns of his behavior
are less likely to change.
Something happened in Berlin which
adds weight to the speculation that the
Soviet intention is to hold Eastern Ger-
many and then to negotiate directly with
the Germans some years hence when they
have an army. Mr. Molotov took a good
deal of trouble at Berlin to maneuver the
Western nations into an open and expli-
cit declaration that a united Germany
would not be bound by the commitments
Why? Was It only, was it even primarily,
to provide the French opponents of E.D.C.
with an argument against ratification? I
doubt it. The French opponents of E.D.C.
have read the texts and they know thatthe
Ministers said nothing at Berlin which is
not there in the texts. My guess is that Mr.
Molotov's demonstration was made primar-
ily for the benefit of the West German na-
tionalists and for the German officers, in
the main nationalists, who will command
the German forces in E.D.C.
In the traditions of the Germany army
the allegiance of an officer is a very special
thing-different perhaps even in quality
from that which exists in other armies. It
played a part in enabling Hitler to last long-
er than without it he would have. The Ger-
man officers in the main refused, indeed
most of them felt themselves unable, to
turn against him even to save their coun-
try from disaster because of the binding
quality of the personal oath that they had
sworn to Hitler. If the treaty is ratified,
the German officers are now going to take
the equivalent of an oati of allegiance to
the European Defense Community. But
Mr. Molotov has been at great pains to make
it plain to them that they are released from
it if Germany is reunited.
This is not an agreeable or a reassuring
interpretation. But even if it is more or
less correct, the ultimate catastrophe of a.
German-Soviet alliance is not preordain-
ed nor could it be consummated in the
The game is a fairly long one, so long that
it will probably not be finished during the
political lifetime of the men now'principally
concerned with it. But assuming that the
diplomacy of the West does not become,
and does not remain, stalled, we might well
find that we too, not only Mr. Molotov,
have a few trumps up our sleeves.
(Copyright, 1954, New York Herald Tribune, Inc.)
The Withholding i ax
WE HAVE given about a year's thought
to the witholding principle of taxation
(not to be confused with the pay-as-you go
plan) and are now ready with our conclu-
sion. Our belief is that witholding is a bad
way to go about collecting tax money, even
though the figures may show that it gets
results. It is bad because it implies that the
individual is incapable of handling his own
affairs. The government as much as says:
We know that, if left to your own devices,
you will fritter away your worldly goods
and tax day will catch you without cash.
Or it says: We're not sure you'll come clean
in your return, so we will just take the money
hpfn,'a it ,.on nlpa., nn.nvtnn.'.wil l hacaa
But Inspector, how much can a fly eat anyway?
SWITH DREW PEARSON
IT WAS Vice-President Nixon, who has always played the role of the
great pacifier between Senator McCarthy and the White House,
who stepped back into his role this week to pave the way for Secre-
tary of the Army Stevens' surrender.
Nixon has played that role a good many times, going back to.
spring when he arranged a lunch between McCarthy, Harold
Stassen and John Foster Dulles after Stassen spanked McCarthy
for Interfering in Greek shipping negotiations. The public state-
ment which came. out of that luncheon, which incidentally was
prepared in Nixon's office, was also a surrender to McCarthy-
though not such a sensational one.
Later it was Nixon who also met with McCarthy in Miami during
the Christmas holidays and patched up an arrangement whereby
McCarthy would turn his talents to probing corruption-the legiti-
mate purpose of his committee-and leave Communist-hunting to
the Jenner Internal Security Committee, which is officially charged
with the job of unearthing Communism.
Again it was Nixon who phoned Secretary of the Army Stevens
early in the week with a view to patching upthe current differences
with McCarthy. Nixon stressed the importance of avoiding a public
hair-pulling contest and paved the way for a call from his old friend
and colleague, Senator Mundt of South Dakota.
Mundt called next day promptly at 12 noon.-
"Ev Dirksen's here with me," he told the Army Secretary. "And'
Joe's here. He's ranting and raving," Mundt added in a lighter voice.
"We were just wondering if you couldn't come up and lunch with us.",
SECRETARY STEVENS replied that he could, and he left for the
He met Mundt in his own office. Mundt was alone. However,j
Mundt took him in the Senate elevator to the office of Vic Johnson,
former campaign manager for McCarthy and McCarthy's former as-
In the elevator, who should they meet but Sen. Henry Jack-
son of Washington, also a member of the McCarthy committee,
but a Democrat. Jackson was the last man Mundt wanted to have
know about their secret meeting, so the South Dakota solon looked
embarrassed and said nothing.
In Vic Johnson's office, Stevens discovered Dirksen of Illinois,
Potter of Michigan and McCarthy-the three other Republican mem-
bers of the committee.
Dirksen more or less took over the. discussion. The burden of his
argument was that any showdown between McCarthy and the Army
should be avoided. A compromise would be much better for the Re-
publican party. The only people who would enjoy the clash between
McCarthy and Stevens, he said, were the Democrats, and they would
just love watching the Republicans wash their dirty linen in public.
Therefore, in the spirit of good fellowship and Republican har-
mony, Dirksen asked Stevens if they might not draft an agreement.
After a lot of discussion, Senator Mundt pecked out the agree-
ment with two fingers on a typewriter.
DURING MUCH of this time, McCarthy fretted and fumed. He put
on a show of being at the luncheon against his will, and acted
as if he'd walk out of the room any minute. Judging by his actions,
he was itching to sink his teeth into the Army Secretary when he got
him on the witness stand.
Stevens of' course knew the Army was on weak ground on one
point-the promotion of Major Peress. Actually there was a snafu
on his papers, which at one time were sent to the wrong camp.
This he knew would be embarrassing. And though the Army was3
on firm ground regarding Fort Monmouth where McCarthy's ex-<
travagant charges of espionage were not even remotely fulfilled,
Stevens finally agreed to the compromise.
When he got back to the Pentagon, the Army Secretary immedi-
ately called a conference of the high brass, including Gen. Matthew
Ridgway and Under Secretary of Defense Kyes, to whom he reported
that he had achieved a victory for the Army. He took the position
that he had what he wanted from McCarthy and at first seemed quite
proud of his achievement.t
The initial reaction of General Ridgway was one of appreciation.t
He said he was grateful for the way Stevens had gone to bat for the
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
The Daily Official Bulletin is an
official publication of the University
of Michigan for which the Michigan
Daily assumes no editorial responsi-
bility. Publication in it is construc-
tive notice to all members of the
University. Notices should be sent in
TYPEWRITTEN form to Room 2552
Administration Building before 3 p.m.
the day preceding publication (before
11 a.m. on Saturday).
SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 27, 1954
VOL. LXIV, No. 100
President and Mrs. Hatcher will hold
the second of a series of monthly open
houses for University facutly, staff, and
townspeople on Sun., Feb. 28. from 4
to , at the President's House.
1954 Parking Permits: On March 5,
1954, all those entitled to Campus Park-
ing Permits for 1954 must have them
on their cars. After that date, 1953
Parking Permits will not be honored,
even though the owner is entitled to
a permit. Please do not ask to have
parking violation notices "fixed" if you
have not taken the trouble to get a
1954 Parking Permit.
Herbert G. Watkins, Secretary'
University Lectures, auspices of the
Department of History, Department of
Classical Studies and the Kelsey Mu-
seum of Archaeology. Frank E. Brown,
Townsend Professor of Latin and Master
of Jonathan Edwards College, Yale tni-
versity, will give two lectures at the
University. The first lecture, "Etruscan
Rome," will be given Mon., Mar. 1, 4:15
p.m., in the Rackham Amphitheater.
The second, "Rome of the Scipios,"
will be given on Tue., Mar. 2, 4:15 p.m.
in the Rackham Amphitheater.
Seminar in the History of Mathemat-
ics will meet on Mondays at 3 in 3231
Angell Hal. Mon., Mar. 1, Rev. Hilary
Heim will speak on Descartes.
Doctoral Candidates who expect to re-
ceive degrees in June, 1954, must have
the bound copies of their dissertations
in the office of the Graduate School by
Fri., April 30. The report of the doc-
toral committee on the final oral ex-
amination must be filed with the Re-
corder of the Graduate School not lat-
er than Mon., May 24.
The Department of Aeronautical En-
gineering will sponsor a seminar on Air-
craft Performance by the Energy Meth-
od by Professor M. A. Brull on Mon.,
Mar. 1, 4 p.m. 1504 East Engineering
University Lecture, auspices of the
epartments of Near Eastern Studies and
Political Science, "North Africa: Prob-
lems Arising from Its Changing Class
Structure," Professor Roger Letourneau
of the University of Algiers, Mon., Mar.
1, 4:15 p.m., East Conference Room,
George London, bass baritone of the
Metropolitan Opera, will be heard in
recital, in the eigth concert of the
Choral Union Series, Sunday evening,
Feb. 28, in Hill Auditorium. Mr. Lon-
don will present the following program,
with Leo Taubman at the piano: Mo-
zart's concert aria, "Rivolgete a lu 10
sguaro; a group of Brahms songs; Credo
from "Othello" (Verdi); La Procession
(Franck); Paysage (Han); Mandoline
(Debussy); Fleur jetee (ure); Waile,
Wailie; Gambler's Song of the Big San-
day River by John Jacob Niles; and
Blow the Man Down.
Tickets are available at the offices of
the University Musical Society in Bur-
ton Memorial Tower until noon Satur-
day; and will be on sale, at the Hill Au-
ditorium hx nfttrnr ei thr-
ment of Speech 1954 SPRING PLAY-
BILL. Tickets for individual perform.
ances will go on sale Mon., Mar. 1. In-
cluded on the series are Richard
Strauss' comic opera, ARIADNE OF
NAXOS, produced with the School of
Music, March 2-6; Shakespeare's THE
TAMING OF THE SHREW, March 25-27;
and Eugene Hochman's 1953 Hopwood
winner, VERANDA ON THE HIGH-
WAY, April 22-24. Season tickets are
available at $:$.25-$2.60-$1.90. Student
season tickets for the three opening
nights are $1.50.
9:00 a.m. - Community Service
..10:30 a.m. - Hillel Student, Council
3-6:00 p.m. - International Open
House. All students are cordially invited
to attend! Entertainment, refreshments,
6:00 p.m. -- Sunday Nite Supper Club,
Dancing and Dining
7:00 p.m. - Hillel Chorus
Chess Club. Samuel Reshevsky will
give a simultaneous chess exhibition
Sun., Feb. 28, at 4000 Tuxedo, Detroit.
Play will begin at 2 p.m. If you are in-
terested in playing call TR5-8450, Ext.
The Inter-Arts Union will vold Its
weekly meeting 2 p.m. Saturday in the
League. In addition to those who are
already members, any persons interest-
ed In joining are cordially invited.
Newman Club Cabaret will be held this
evening from 9-12. Newman Clubs from
Michigan State College, Michigan State
Normal College, and Wayne University
will be present. Various kinds of e*-
tertainment will be featured with each
club taking part. Dancing and refresh-
ments will be included in the evening's
fun. Everyone is urged to attend,
The Women's Research Club will meet
Mon., Mar. 1, in the West Lecture Room
of the Rackham Building at 8 p.m. Dr.
Jeanne Watson will speak on "Learning
from Cross Culture Contact: A Study
of the German Visitors Program."
: at a
At the State
THE KNIGHTS OF THE ROUND TABLE,
with Ava Gardfer and Robert Taylor.
THE PRICE of this show is one dollar, an
exorbitant sum to spend on any film and
completely absurd for such as this. May I
suggest the formation of a league of cinema
fans to boycott such ridiculous tactics? At
these prices one could watch a television set
and make money on the deal, and certainly
no less wretched entertainment is possible.
Most of all this picture is not pure: it at-
tempts to combine several film genres and
manages only to produce a stupid mishmash.
At least it could be said for "Ivanhoe," as
disappointing as it was in many ways, that
it did attempt to stick to tho' style of the
story it was based upon. "The Knights of
the Round Table" begins with the sensible
statement that it is adapted from Malory's
"Morte d'Arthur," and then proceeds to
weave in and out of Arthurian England with
all the facility of good tailback. It is even
possible to detect the influence of the Hopa-
long Cassidy-Roy Rogers technique. It goes
without saying that Malory comes off at
least second best.
The Robert Taylor Renaissance contin-
ues, with no more reason now than in the
days of flat screen. "Quo Vadis," I believe,
was the start of all this Taylor, and as a
Roman captain he made a. good Sir Lan-
celot; as Sir Lancelot it looks as if Roman
captains are his meat.
Fortunately the color is quite good, but
Edited and managed by students of
the University of Michigan under the
authority of the Board in Control of
Harry Lunn.. .........Managing Editor
Eric Vetter.......,..........City Editor
Virginia Voss.......Editorial Director
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Alice B. Silver.. Assoc. Editorial Director
Diane D. AuWerter.....Associate Editor
Helene Simon.......Associate Editor
Ivan Kaye...........Sports Editor
Paul Greenberg.... Assoc. Sports Editor
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Telephone NO 23-24-1
ASSOCIATED COLLEGIATE PRESS.
Al'y.aivri o oice preceaing Te con-
Shortly thereafter, however, newspapermen began calling, and cert, at 7 p.m.
editorial reaction began coming in. The Washington Post, which sup- Events Today
ported Eisenhower and is the most influential paper editorially in the
nation's capital, called the Stevens agreement "unconditional sur- s..A. Intercultural outing featuring
India,dnswith, slidesal, discussion, tecrea-
render," pointing out that Stevens obtained, "not even so much as tion. Leave Lane Hall at 2 p.lm. today;