By HARRY LUNN
Daily Managing Editor
A VENERABLE DAILY tradition decrees
that the lead editorial spot in the first
fall issue be filled with a description of Dai-
ly history and policy by the new managing
editor emphasizing the paper's role in the
large and diverse University community, and
so, forthwith, comes this year's edition.
From its start back in 1890, The Daily
has been concerned with covering cam-
pus news for students, faculty and, in
many cases, Ann Arborites. Featuring a
highly patriotic story on "Our Rugby
Team," the first four column tabloid-sized
Daily resembles today's in name only.
Though first issues were fairly primitive,
as years went by a more definitive cover-
age of local events was provided, and by
1912 international and national news be-
gan to make an appearance. 1917 saw the
beginning of Associated Press service
which continues uninterrupted today.
The development of The Daily beyond
campus borders pointed up a new publish-
ing philosophy which has been adopted by
many other college daily papers. The phi-
losophy recognizes America's expansion in
world affairs and the heightened interest of
students in news and interpretive articles
on outside events. Emphasis on world and
national news on The Daily has expanded
to a point where AP reporting is supple-
mented by our reporters' coverages of near-
by news events with a small staff of "foreign
correspondents" who study abroad and
send in copy.
Editorially speaking, The Daily has no
editorial J'ollcy as is explained at greater
length in an adjoining column. This con-
fusing statement merely means that ed-
itorials are expressions of individual opin-
ion and not the paper's policy.
Even the famous (or infamous) senior ed-
itorials in which the collective senior staff
vents its ire in large type on the front page
represent only agreement among the sev-
en sages and not policy for the whole staff.
As the:chief source of University news we
realize the responsibility of a monopoly po-
sition, but we shll never be a "house organ."
Like any newspaper we print stories which
many people would rather not see publicized,
and we reserve the right to individually
criticize or commend any action by the Uni-
versity or other institutions, groups or in-
dividuals on the editorial page.
We feel maintenance of The Daily's
journalistic integrity to be important to
our underlying purpose: assisting the con-
tinuing growth and development of the
University community which we serve. We
are, in fact, one of the few college news-
papers whose freedom is not abridged by
censorship of one type or another.
In the past we have realized this purpose
by publishing an alert and forthright news-
paper; we shall continue in that role as we
have for 63 years.
-CURRENT MOVIES I
A t the Michigan ...
GENTLEMEN PREFER BLONDES, with
Marilyn Monroe, Jane Russell and Char-
THISIS A TIMELY Technicolor package
for male freshmen still stunned by the
Kinsey report and about to be further ,con-
fused by a frustrating round of mixers. For
a small fee, both Marilyn Monroe and Jane
Russell wiggle your way in as uninhibited
a fashion as the Production Code will allow.
If, on the other hand, there are a few
admirers of Carol Channing and Anita
Loos around, stay away. The movie, aside
from corrupted versions of two songs, has
nothing whatsoever to do with either the
book or the musical.
Miss Monroe's conception of Lorelei Lee
corresponds to the public's conception of
Miss Monroe. She still has only one com-
modity to sell, and unless some drastic im-
provements are made she will carve her
niche in celluloid history as the poor man's
Miss Russell, whose topography was
once the subject of every alert cocktail
party, is barely noticed, although she
makes valiant efforts to adjust to the
atmosphere of nymphomania. Charles
Coburn, who has often been funny, serves
primarily in his role as a slobbering mine-
owner to express and heighten the aud-
ience's sizzling reactions to Miss Monroe.
The plot is not worth mentioning. The
songs, which place no premium on lyrics,
are handled with two good voices and two
In short, this is probably the highest-class
burlesque show available to the general
THE SUBJECTIVE mood of the people be-
comes the compelling interest for to-
talitarian leaders only when popular apathy
and despair reach a point where they be-
gin seriously to affect labor productivity
and where they can ro longer be cor ected
by the usual combination of induced incen-
tives and feats . . . In general totalitarian
THE MICHIGAN DAILY
WEDNESDAY, SEPTEMBER 16, 1953
Daily Editorial Policy
MEMBERS of contemporary society are
more or less conditioned to notice sev-
eral things when they pick up a newspaper.
The first, according to popular practice, is
the front page-whether the headlines are
red or black, thick or bold or good and
gray. Second point or common interest
would probably be the editorial page, or
rather the editorial policy. If it takes a
look at the editorial page to find that policy,
so much the better.
Because The Daily's editorial policy is
not self-evident, because it is probably
unique in the newspaper field as a whole
and the college paper in particular, we
feel that an explanation directed at new
students is in order. Stated as an aphor-
ism, it would run something like this: The
Daily's policy is no policy. But this is mis-
leadingly negative; we operate under what
we feel to be the most positive, the most
constructive possible code. You will no-
tice that all pieces of editorial writing are
signed by the person or persons whose
opinions are represented, that no one
staff member or set of staff members
dominate the page. Thus our policy is a
collective one, our opinions and viewpoints
as diverse as the ideologies of all mem-
bers of The Daily staff. The statement
appearing at the bottom of this page is
printed daily as a necessary reminder to
both the reader and he who intends to
quote from editorial matter.
The "why" behind the editorial policy is
likewise a positive one. It was not con-
ceived in exasperation over a half-Democra-
tic, half-Republican staff, nor over the re-
flection that the composition of The Daily
organization changes yearly. It was formu-
lated because its authors felt that the uni-
versity student should be allowed to de-
velop independent judgment and unbiased
opinion, and that, as a prerequisite to this,
he must be presented with facts and opinions
from all sides. Because the policy has been
"found workable, stimulating and "positive"
in its relentless dedication to an ideal of
free inquiry, it has existed.
This, then, is the somewhat ponderous
but nevertheless solid framework from
which the editorial page emerges daily. The
policy does not commit us to presenting
every side of every issue; we will however
try to be as comprehensive as space permits.
Particular experts, in the way of faculty
members and other non-staff persons, will
be called on to columnize when the issues
Two other features of the page require
comment. The letters to the editor column,
by virtue of our publication in a relatively
small community, is among the most demo-
cratic of such columns to be found. You
write it, we'll print it-subject to the neces-
sary qualifications enumerated at the head
of each column. We do not hold that let-
ters to the editor' are to be taken in toto as
representative of the university community.
We do keep the way clear for them to be so.
Reviews - movie, music, drama, art,
books - alternate with letters to the edi-
tor, the opposite sex and the upcoming
exam as primary topics of campus conver-
sation. Before the atmosphere clouds, our
criteria for reviews and reviewers should
be elaborated. As is the case with editor-
ials, opinions represent the viewpoint of
the writer only. We use the term "re-
views" as opposed to "criticisms" to indi-
cate that discussion of the subject is as
important as judgment of it, though the
two are quite compatible. Present review-
ers include movie and drama critic Bill
Wiegand, former major Hopwood Award
winner; Don Harris, student composer and
grad student in music school; Bob Hollo-
way and Tom Arp, both seniors in the
English honors program and reviewers of
a year's standing.
Having served as an introduction, our
ideals now pass from the inspection line-up
into a two-semester stretch of active duty.
Our aim is not "to please" and we do not ask
satisfaction from you. Our hope is to pro-
voke every attitude except the complacent
-Virginia Voss and Alice B. Silver
Now, in the way of outside reading . .
etteP4' TO THE EDITOR
The Daily welcomes communications from its readers on matters, of
general interest, and will publish all lettersrwhich are signed by the writer
and in, good taste. Letters exceeding 300 words in length, defamatory or
libelous letters, and letters which for any reason are not in good taste will
be condensed, edited or withheld from publication at the discretion of the
All Quiet on the Crimson
EDITOR'S NOTE: The following editorial, by
The Daily's summer managing editor, appeared
in the issue of July 24. It is reprinted here to
supplement discussions of the college newspa-
per in adjoining columns.)
THE OUTSPOKEN voice of the Harvard
Crimson has been stilled. The summer
school administration has stripped the sum-
mer edition of its right to editorialize.
Whatever reasons the higher ups have
given, their action remains a downright in-
vasion of the Crimson's cherished freedom
of the press.
The Crimson has long been a stalwart
among independent college newspapers.
Just before the prohibition was issued,
- they were preparing to chastise the Har-
vard. Corporation for firing an anatomy
professor for refusing to testify before a
congressional committee. In their last
issue they blasted the Eisenhower Admin-
istration for "apathy" in dealing with the
Iron Curtain riots.
The authorities may maintain that these
editorials had nothing to do with the sus-
pension, but they will have considerable dif-
ficulty in convincing anyone of this.
The reason given for the prohibition is
that since the summer Crimson is partially
subsidized by the University it should not
publish any political opinions because the
summer school itself has no opinions.
Upon closer examination this appears
to be nothing but a fiction. The summer
Crimson is a newspaper, whether the Uni-
versity, the students themselves, or some
wealthy benefactor supports it. As a news-
paper the staff or at least individual staff
members are entitled to express views.
The University is giving them aid because
as a newspaper, the Crimson also reports
news of the campus. This it does well.
But no one considers the paper an organ
of the University. V
Our news source at Cambridge believes
that the order is a clear case of administra-
tion higher ups not liking the particular
views of the paper and using their briefly
assumed power to silence the deviationists.
There appears to be little other logical ex-
planation, especially in view of the fact
that the paper has for years editorialized
during the summers without interference.
When the fall term begins and the regu-
lar editors return, the Crimson will resume
its autonomy. Once again its editorial page
will resume action. It might do wise to re-
frain from passing such -key control in the
future to the summer school. Indeed, with-
out the right to speak out, the newspaper
becomes little more than an official bulletin.
All of the student enthusiasm is nipped in
the bud. If Crimson editors face publica-
tion another summer with its most import-
ant function inoperative, it would do better
to close up shop until fall.
Meanwhile, Harvard University, long con-
sidered a leader among liberal, independent
institutions, is giving itself a black eye by
putting itself along side so hmany other
schools that were too small to either accept
criticism or tolerate some unconventional
thinking among their students.
GOP Incompetence ...z
To The Editor:
IT SEEMS THAT President Eis-
enhower has finally returned
from his protracted and well re-l
ported vacation to once more dem-
onstrate to the electorate his per-
sonal incompetence, as well as the
disorganized manner in which thef
first GOP regime in twenty years
is being run.
A few months ago, Eisenhower
made a well publicized speech in
which he attempted to explain to
the American people why his ad-
ministration had done less than
nothing. The general tenor of the
address was that "you can't clean
up that nasty Democratic mess in
just a few months." He asked thes
people, in effect, to place confi-
dence in the Eisenhower "team,"
Well, the team seems to be com-
posed of people rivalling the Pres-
ident in incompetence.
- Secretary of State Dulles has a
bad habit of, shooting off his
mouth at the wrong time: e.g.,
saying we are considering changes1
in our Trieste policy and practical-..
ly causing the Italians to break
off relations with us.
Secretary of the Treasury Hum-
phrey has been balancing a bud-+
get. He uses high interest gov-
ernment bonds which may seem1
cheap now, but which will make
it that much more difficult for
future generations to accomplish
the same purpose.
The only decent man in the7
whole administration, Martin Dur-
kin, has resigned, because he rea-
lized that the promises made by
the GOP during the election cam-1
paign to make changes in the Taft
Hartley Act was just so much hot1
It seems Eisenhower and his
GOP cohorts in the executive and
Congress are forgetting one im-
portant thing: The day of reck-
oning, election day, always comes.
No administration which plays
lightly with national defense by
an almost psychopathic desireto
balance the budget, makes ene-
mies of formerly friendly nations
by a combination of "Big Stick"
and "Dollar" diplomacy, and goes
back on numerous promises sanc-
timoniously made to the elector-
ate in November, will last through
the next election.
NSA Congress.. .
To the Editor:
THE Sixth National Student
Congress of the U'. S. National
Student Association (NSA) was
held at Ohio State University
from August 24 to September 2.
As a preface to any report on this
conference, the Michigan delega-
tion would like to give you an
explanation of the NSA itself.
The NSA is a confederation of
college student bodies, represented
through their student govern-
ments. It was created in 1947 to
serve the long-existing need for a
more representative intercollegiate
organization to serve a large por-
tion of the American student com-
munity, and to promote students'
interests and welfare. The NSA has
three main functions: 1) To serve
as a clearing house for informa-
tion, services, and research di-
rected towards the strengthing and
member schools, is the governing
body of the Associat-in.
The NSA's national program in+
cludes work in such areas as stu-
dent health, intercollegiate ath-
letics, academic freedom, human
relations, scholarship opportunity,
vocational guidance, student eco-
nomic welfare, and a Student Gov-
ernment Information bulletin on
all aspects of a campus student
In international student affairs,
the NSA sponsors programs of ex-
change students, foreign student
hospitality, and cultural exchange.
It runs a Student Mutual Assist-
ance Program that is especially
helpful in Southeast Asia, and
sponsors U. S. student teams to
other countries. NSA's Travel De-
partment carries on programs of
study and work abroad which, in
1951-52, sent more than 800 stu-
deuts abroad at reduced rates.
With this brief factual presen-
tation as background material, the
Michigan delegation will attempt
to report to you soon on the sig-
nificant events that occurred at
this past Sixth National Student
President, Student Legislature
THE United States Government
operates a book and library
program abroad for a simple rea-
son tbat can be simply put: It is
the vital responsibility of the
American Government to protect
the good name of the American
people, no less than their vital in-
terests . . . It is conceivable that
. . our libraries may require, in
special cases, the inclusion of books
by Communists or Communist
sympathizers if such authors may
have written something which af-
firmatively serves the ends of
-State Department Policy
Statement, July 8
WITH DREW PEARSON
WASHINGTON-President Eisenhower has enjoyed his Colorado
vacation so much that he plans to spend as much time as pos-
sible away from Washington between now and the first of the year.
He will continue to handle major problems, but when possible from
the distance of Augusta, Ga., where the new winter White House is
The President has several important trips scheduled for the
fall, and between these trips he hopes to divide his time between
Washington and Augusta. Being away from Washington he finds
has the advantage of discouraging the steady stream of callers
who bog him down with routine matters which Ike believes can
be handled just as well by subordinates. Also his doctors have urg-
ed him to take as much time off as possible from the pressing bur-
dens of the Presidency.
Finally Ike wants more time to concentrate on major problems.
He has frequently conplained to intimates that the red tape surround-
ing the job of being President was so burdensome that he never had
time to think.
At the moment, some highly important problems face the Presi-
dent which will require not only concentrated thought, but a mul-
titude of conferences with others. Some of them have been awaiting
his return from Denver. Some, which cannot wait, have already been
placed before him in Denver.
Here is a summary of the major policy problems requiring deci-
sion-problems which only the President himself can handle:
* * * *
RUSSIA'S POSSESSION OF THE H-BOMB-Though we ex-
pected Russia to get the hydrogen bomb sooner or later, none of our
scientists expected the development to come so rapidly. This fact has
considerably upset American timetables, may completely upset Eis-
enhower plans for cutting the Air Force.
The President had on his desk before he went to Denver a
draft of a speech on the hydrogen bomb in which he would have
warned the world and the American people of the horrors of
hydrogen warfare. At first it was decided to pigeonhole this
speech. White House psychological adviser C. D. Jackson, among
others, feared it would terrify the American people.
But, since this first decision, the Russian announcement came
that they had the H-bomb and now Ike has changed his mind. He
will deliver the speech after all-sometime this fall. It has already
been written and rewritten 15 times, and is still undergoing more re-
vision. Even so, the 64-dollar question is not being answered: "What
can the United States do to prevent hydrogen warfare?"
One draft of the speech contained a proposal that Russia join
us in outlawing the H-bomb. But in more recent drafts this came out
-on the grounds that no agreement with Mosepw is worth anything.
And so far the 64-dollar question still remains unanswered. This is
the biggest problem facing the President.
* * * *
RECESSION CLOUDS-White House economic advisers have been
warning the President that, despite optimistic statements from the
commerce department, business is not good. There is a tremendous
backlog of merchandise piling up in warehouses and on department-
store shelves. Buying power has slumped. Business pshology is not
encouraging, and in July factory hiring reached the lowest rate for
that month since July of 1949.
Ike's economic advisers fear that defense cutbacks came too sud-
denly and are cutting too deep. They don't like the looks of the
clouds on the economic horizon. So far they haven't come up with any
specific remedies other than the New Deal cures of public works, .and
both Ike and his advisers are loath to trot them out. In private talks,
the President has frankly warned that the country has got to take its
deflationary medicine, that it won't taste good, but it will be necessary.
FARM HEADACHES-While these started well before the busi-
ness worries from 'defense cutbacks, they are related and the gffect is
eimilar. Farm prices have now dropped 12 Der cent, while the prices
farmers musi pay have increased recently 1 per cent. On top of this
came one of the worst droughts in recent farm history All this has
caused belt. tightening in rural areas. And when farmers don't buy,
city populations suffer.
The President has left this baby solely in the hands of his hard-
working, hard-praying Secretary of Agriculture. As a military man,
Ike doesn't pretend to understand farm problems, makes a wry face
when he talks abot them. He remembers the time he told a delegation
of cattlemen that if he put price supports under beef, he would have
to put them under dairy products-only to be reminded that they were
already under dairy products. So Ezra Benson will have to wrestle
with the farm headaches pretty much by himself.
* * * *
NATIONAL DEBT LIMIT-The President has good news from his
Secretary of the Treasury, George Humphrey, that he can probably
scrape through the fall and early winter without calling Congress
back to increase the debt limit. Humphrey is counting on receipt of
six billions in- corporate taxes this fall, and, by drawing on part of
the money which the government keeps on deposit in banks around
the country, Humphrey figures he can meet Uncle Sam's bills until
early January, when Congress meets again. So a special session of
Congress is one thing the President won't have to worry about.
« « * *
NEXT STEP WITH RUSSIA-Churchill's illness has pretty well
extricated Ike from the prospect of holding a Big Four conference
with Premier Malenkov included, which Ike never relished. But it
hasn't solved the many other pressing problems on the Iron Curtain
front-especially what to do about the increasing drift of our West-
ern allies toward Russian appeasement. With Moscow's H-bomb an-
nouncement this drift accelerated almost to a stampede.
Meanwhile, the temper of the senators Ike has to do business with
on Capitol Hill has become more adamant than ever against any
To solve this, White House psychological advisers are prepar-
ing a big step in the satellite countries. In other words, if Mos-
cow's propaganda is weakening our ties with Western allies, we
will concentrate on weakening Moscow's hold on its satellite al-
lies. Some important moves in this direction can be expected
These are the biggest problems on the President's agenda. They
do not include a myriad of political and other smaller problems-such
as the growing rivalry between his Vice President, Mr. Nixon, and his
Senate Leader, Mr. Knowland, both from California-problems which
sometimes make the President remark that it was an unlucky day
for him that he ever toyed with the idea of entering the White House.
DEMOCRATIC PARTY IN SOUTH
MATTER Of FAC"T
By STEWART ALSOP
LONDON-Good news is always a welcome
change these days, and the news from
Britain is good. The good news is simply
this. Britain is back on her feet again.
Although it has made few headlines, Brit-
ain's remarkable economic recovery is one
of the great underlying facts of the world
The first thing the visitor to Britain
notices is a general brightness and cheer-
fulness, in sharp contrast to the dimness
of life which lasted for eight years after
the war ended. The plain fact is that
Britain is in the midst of a boom, by any
reasonable definition of that word.
Unemployment, which was beginning to
worry the government seriously a year
ago, is now virtually non-existent. Profits
are good, and presperity general. The cru-
cial gold and dollar reserve, which is watch-
ed by British officials with all the anxiety
of a mother watching the thermometer of
a sick child, is up almost three quarters of
a billion dollars over a year ago. The pro-
duction index, which turned ominously
downward in 1952, has turned up again.
There is a solid respect for the value of
the pound sterling which has not existed
for a long time. Internally, inflation has
been almost stopped, and the pound is
markets in South America, the MiddleEast,
and elsewhere. Japan, whose economy has
been artificially supported by the Korean
war, must also now export or die. These
facts in part explain why the foreign office,
hitherto indifferent or even hostile, had
suddenly discovered an enthusiasm for Ger-
man rearmament within EDC.
Sooner or later, during the course of any
conversation, the American visitor is sure
to hear the question: "Are you Americans
going to have a slump?" Even a small
American slump is a British nightmare.
They remember all too vividly how the
slight fall-off in American business activity
in 1949-a matter of 5%, which most Ameri-
cans hardly felt-helped to bring, on the
worst British crisis, from which Britain
recovered only by devaluation, the Korean
war, and the skin of her teeth.
Yet beneath such clouds on the horizon,
real or potential, the great central fact
of the British economic recovery remains.
If this recovery proves real and perma-
nent-a big if-it will not only be good
news, but also a great triumph of Ameri-
can policy. But this triumph of American
policy is also already creating a new
situation, which the American policy-
makers must take fully into account.
The British-and especially the leaders
of the nnw greatlu strengthened Conserva-
Edited and managed by students of
the University of Michigan under the
authority of the Board in Control of
Harry Lunn.........Managing Editor
Eric Vetter... ...............City Editor
Virginia Voss.........Editorial Director
Mike Wolff......Associate City Editor
Alice B. Silver..Assoc. Editorial Director
Diane Decker ......... Associate Editor
Helene Simon. ... ...Associate Editor
Ivan Kaye..............Sports Editor
Paul Greenberg....Assoc. Sports Editor
Marilyp Campbell..Women's Editor
Kathy Zeisler.. .Assoc. Women's Editor
Thomas Treeger......Business Manager
William Kaufman Advertising Manager
Harlean Hankin. .Assoc. Business Mgr.
William Seiden.....,Finance Manager
James Sharp.....Circulation Manager
CHICAGO-Despite all the talk pro and con about Southern loy-
alty at the Democratic whoopfest, there were two big issues in
the background which may completely revamp the Democratic party
below the Mason-Dixon line. These were not discussed much pub-
licly here, but to thinking party leaders they are all-important.
One of them will hurt the Democratic party at the next election.
The other will help. Here they are:
1. WHAT WILL HURT THE DEMOCRATS-The Republicans
are making real hay towards reorganizing a two-party system below
the Mason-Dixon line. Alert, live new leaders, many of them ex-
Democrats. are throwing out encrusted Republican carpetbaggers and,