I'Aill, ivilkAfiiGAi"A' ii Aiilil
(Continued from Page 1)
It is necessary, then, to choose between a
strategic Air Force acting as a deterrent and
able to retaliate immediately-"if Russia at-
tacks at breakfast time, we can hit back be-
fore lunch," as one man in uniform ex-
pressed it-and a team effort by the three
services, or to find the proper integration
of both strategies.
* * * *
THIS notion of combining the two propos-
als would have us concentrate neither
on one branch of the service nor on equality
of three. Rather it would have us build a
strong strategic Air Force and maintain
strength in the Army and Navy at the same
time, although this country cannot afford
to build as strong an Air Force as it other-
wise could if it also constructed a huge radar
net and maintained strength in the Army
It can be boiled down to a matter of
whether we should put all our eggs in one
basket, or divide them equally among
three. The other alternative, which seems
to be favored by many of the military, is
to find an intermediate distribution that
would result in the greatest integrated and
overall strength. This is the idea of com-
bining the suggestions by both sides of the
Proponents of the Air Force argument em-
phasize that the potential threat of a strong
Air Force equipped with atomic bombs would
be the surest deterrent to an attack. Sec-
ondly, the devastation that could be inflict-
ed by the strategic Air Force, the "Iron Fist"
of the armed services, on an enemy would be
enough to knock them out. The war would
be short and other weapons would be un-
neessary and obsolete. Thirdly, concentra-
tion of military resources in the Air Force
provides the most powerful course of action
we can afford.
Most of the military agreed that there is
somne substance in these points, but they also
noted that they are based on assumptions
that are not necessarily true. Although this
nation may now hold the edge over Russia
in air and atomic power, the Soviet is con-
stantly building its air force and atomic
stockpile. If and when Russia surpasses us
in these areas, she will no longer be fright-
ened or deterred by the threat of American
Secondly, the concept that a nation can
be crushed by air power alone has never
been proved. If the war dragged out be-
yond two weeks or a month, air power
alone would be insufficient. Thirdly, if our
finances can provide us with an insurance
against these possibilities, concentration
in the Air Force is not the best strategy.
Arguments for the "balanced force" with a
giant radar net point out that home defenses
are mandatory if we wish to stop a Soviet
air attack. Secondly, we pannot risk placing
our faith in a single weapon, but must be
able to defend ourselves and Europe on all
roads of attack, ground, sea, and air. Third-
ly, a "balanced force" has always been the
goal of our war economy measures, and has
proved to.be attainable.
These, too, some of the military reflected,
have their weaknesses. Even the advocators
of the "balanced force" admit that it is im-
possible to build a radar screen or any other
defense that would prevent Soviet bombers
from reaching their targets. Secondly,
though it is true that we cannot risk faith in
an "absolute" weapon, it does not follow that
all weapons are equally powerful.
Thirdly, if we can improve our methods
of the past while staying within our mone-
tary resources, there is no sense in retain-
ing an approach that may be ineffective
in the changed conditions of modern war-
And, as has been pointed out by several,
there are many other factors important to
the problem-such as the difference in atti-
tudes between the United States and Russia
about the use of the atomic bomb; the pos-
sibility of an international outlawing of the
bomb, along with the greater probability of
Russia's breaking any such unsanctionable
law; the fact that the United States cannot
hope to match the Soviet man for man on
the ground; and the conspicuous truth that
air and atomic power is the most potent.
THE more factors that are introduced, how-
ever, the more obvious it, becomes that
the solution is not merely in a concentra-
tion on the Air Force or equality of the three
services. It simply is not that simple, as the
military realizes. The answer, instead, as
many of the military here have emphasized,
is in the proper intertwining of all the wea-
pons and power at our disposal.
From the remarks of the military here,
it seems that a basic assumption is that
the advantages of one strategy offset the
weaknesses of the other if the two are
integrated. For instance, a strong Air
Force with its deterrent effect could be
combined with home defenses to which
to turn in case Russia is not deterred,
A powerful strategic Air Force could be
teamed with and supplemented by ground
troops and ships. And appropriations could
be divided among the services to provide
us with the most powerful combination
of the two directions of strategy, by find-
ing the right point on the continuum be-
tween the two extremes.
The tremendous importance of finding
that point could not be more convincinglv
MATTE R Or r'A -i
""hat Man With "e Corns Will Have To Go",
f4 f7 j
Zcss lCOMOLOS BVS
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By JOSEPH ALSOP
KUALA LUMPUR, Malaya - Liu Chong-
Fong is a slender, intelligent, rather
tense Malayan Chinese who represents a
not unimportant victory for the free world.
Until six months ago, he was one of the few
thousand jungle terrorists who are the spear-
head of Communist imperialism here in Ma-
laya. Now he has come back. His story tells
a lot, about matter.s more important than
It was in 1948 when Liu's "life ended.,"
in his own sharp phrase. In those days he
was a school teacher in the Malay state
of Pahang. He was engaged to be married.
And like many another young Chinese in-
tellectual, he was amateurishly dabbling
One fine morning his cell leader came to
him with the world, "the party has given the
order to go to the jungle." The cell leader
added that the jungle was his only refuge
from execution by the British. Liu obeyed.
Soon Liu and a helpless group of others like
him were standing in a wild jungle clear-
ing, getting their assignments from the
ruthless Pahang party boss, Wu Teh.
Liu and seven other "intellectuals," led by
an aged party hack, Yen Ching-Lin, were or-
dered to start the local underground press.
They were established in a remote jungle
hideout. Paper, ink, type, a primitive box
press and their food were sent in to them
by members of the Ming Yun, the covert
Communist organization in Malaya. They
began to publish their paper, "The Voice of
the Masses," as a bi-weekly.
It was a lonely business. The under-
ground press was super secret. The eighth
of the press were never visited, except by
members of the Pahang state committee
and by jungle couriers bringing their food,
other supplies and supplementary orders.
Yet in this utter isolation in the re-
mote deep jungle, the regimented routine
of Communist party life still sternly grip-
ped its victims.
Every morning the eight rose at six sharp
and went to work at seven. For five, hours,
they worked on "The Voice," or reprinted
party directives needing wide cirulation, or
joined in Marxist studies-mainly studies
of the sacred works of "Father Mao." Lunch
was at one. At two sharp, they began an-
other four hours work in the fields of -yams
and tapioca in their jungle clearing. And
every evening after supper, they indulged in
the grim pleasures of Socialist self criticisms
in the early tropic dusk.
At the end of the second year, how-
ever, the British and Malayan froces be-
gan driving deeper - and deeper into the
jungle; and the eight of the press had to
make their first move to a new hideout.
And at the end of the third year, when
Gen. Templer came to Malaya, "it began to
be very bad." After that, the warnings
came again and again, and the eight of
the press again and again performed the
back breaking task of manhandling their
supplies and equipment to a new place of
Now the eight could do little more than
At Barbour Gymnasium
HOLIDAY DANCE PROGRAM by the
Ballet and Modekn Dance Clubs
THE DANCE department's annual Christ-
mas program presented last Sunday in
Barbour Gymnasium was distinguished by
a variety of programming and a competent
level of performance which is obviously the
result of considerable preparation. By far
the most ambitious and in some respects
the most successful dance was the ballet
of John Henry, composed by Don Harris,
andchoreographed by Robin Squier. Mr.
Harris' score seems to express not only the
emotional pitch of John Henry's tragedy
but also the relentlessness of his mechanical
adversary. The music is well orchestrated,
particularly the concluding chorale-like sec-
tion for the winds. What is even more to be
noticed is the singular danceability of the
work, which seemed designed to support the
movement on the stage. The dance itself was
skillfully directed and, for the most part,
well performed. James Stasheff, in the role
of John Henry, displayed a natural talent
for expression, although his characterization
might have been a more vigorous one. Per-
haps the most outstanding performance was
that of Jennifer Allen as the wife, although
all the dancers held to a uniformly high
level of performance.
Among the other dances, that choreog-
raphed and danced by Jennifer Allen to
one of the "Three Pieces in the Shape of
a Pear," by Satie, deserves particular men-
tion. Miss Allen, swathed in a shining
green evening dress and sporting a pair of
magenta gloves, gave a satiric and amus-
ing characterization of a high-strung so-
ciety lady. "Have a Good Time," a poem by
W. H. Auden, was read by James Stasheff
while Nan Thayer did a distinctive and
original dance interpretation of it. Ex-
cerpts from Skip Doppmann's Dance Suite,
which was premiered at last year's Inter-
Ar.k Fesi..were n..rmda rain- with
hand copy the essential party directives to
the othr groups of jungle fighters in Pahang.
Worse still the jungle supply 'ystem broke
down and food became very short. Discour-
agement and even despair started to spread
among the eight of the press.
BUT THERE was a reign of terror in the
jungle. It was death to talk of giving up.
death even to be seen picking up one of
Gen. Templer's air dropped surrender leaf-
lets. Only the party's jungle couriers knew
the jungle trails, and it was quite likely to be
death to strike out towards civilization on
For a while, moreover, terror was re-in-
forced by hope. To the men in the jungle,
who knew no better, the party leader
swore that Communism was winning the
Malayan war. Kuala Lumpur has fall-
en, Singapore was menaced. Soon it would
be Pahang's turn. Above all, "Father Mao"
was coming', with all the power of Com-
munist China, to bring to Malaya a new
day. "Just hang on a little longer," said
the party leaders, "and we of the jungle
will soon be luxuriously sitting in the high
seats of power."
Liu ceased to credit these stories as the
condition of the eight of the press grew
worse and worse. Then he and another com-
rade fell ill and were left behind in an aban-
doned camp, with a small store of rice and
one Dutch rifle. The comrade died. Al-
though half delirious, Liu made up his mind
This was his first independent decision in
five years time. Whereas his account of the
jungle life was short, factual and bare, his
story of the escape was enthusiastic, vivid
and detailed. It was as though, in this single
action, he had become a man again-had
been reborn as a human individual with a.
free human mind. None'the less, the desper-
ate wanderings and the desperate disap-
pointments, the fearful privations and the
occasional triumphs when the Dutch rifle
killed a monkey or some other small game-
all these merely added up to the inevitable
experience of any man seeking to escape
from the jungle without a thorough know-
ledge of jungle geography. The novelty lay,
rather, in the human drama between Liu
and two other comrades whom he fell in
with during his terrible journey.
All three wished to surrender. Each sus-
pected the intention of the others. But
the terror in the jungle was still too
strong. In two months of shared priva-
tion, none dared to confess his plan to his
comrades, lest they be party provocateurs
who would execute the sentence of death
on the spot. Even when they broke out of
the jungle at last, they still made false
excuses to each other. So they went sep-
arately to give themselves up, and were
honest with each other for the first time
when they all met again in the same police
Such is the story of Liu. Ponder it well, for
it speaks volumes about the power and the
character of the Communist imperialist drive
(Copyright, 1953, New York Herald Tribune, Inc.)
one, although some of the individual dances
would have profited from a more imagina-
tive conception and higher standard of per-
formance. As it was, they seemed somewhat
over-cautious and colorless.
-Anne Stevenson and Dave Tice
At Hill Auditorium,.i. .
CHICAGO SYMPHONY ORCHESTRA-
Fritz Reiner, conductor, with Nan Mger-
SUNDAY NIGHT'S concert demonstrated
that the Chicago Symphony Orchestra
is not only one of the largest, but one of
the most skilled in the country. The sound
produced by this ensemble is something
which one rarely hears equalled. In fact,
there was almost too much sound. Except for
the opening number, the Brandenburg Con-
certo No. 3 by Bach, the program was de-
voted to orchestral display pieces-works
which make their effect by means of a
rich, sumptuous orchestral sonority. By the
time the end of the concert was reached,
all this mass of sound tended to deaden
the senses, and I found it difficult to listen
attentively to the final number, Wagner's
Overature to Tannhauser.
Mr. Reiner's interpretation of the Bach
work was most interesting. It tended to
emphasize the contrast of the two move-
ments, as the first movement was played
rather slowly, and heavily (as if the play-
ers were unwilling to quit each note and
go on to tie next one), whereashthe second
movement was taken at a dazzling pace,
and with an extraordinary lightness of
tone. The Iberia suite of Debussy, which
followed, was played with a cleanness and
transpairency which revealed the basic
simplicity and economy of means with
which Debussy obtained his effects. Mr.
Reiner has, I believe a reputation as a
Strauss interpreter, and the performance
of Till Eulenspiegel was a magnificent one.
Nan Merriman made an imnresiv nand
H- -- -- .--:.-.-..... v
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ette4 TO THE EDITOR
The daily welcomes communications from its readers on matters.f
general interest, and will publish all letters which are signed by the writer
and in good taste. Letters exceeding 300 words in length, defamatory or
libelous letters, and letters which for any reason are not in good taste will
be condensed, edited or withheld from publication at the discretion of the
WITH DREW PEARSON
Iaidoo Writes .. .
To the Editor:
SINCE my return to London l"Ast
July, after an absence of four
and a half years in the United
States. I visited Europe.
On these travels I spoke to Ger-
mans, Scandinavians, Italians,
French and Swiss of all walks of
life, political affiliations and be-
liefs-nobody hides his views here.
The most alarming feature of
the discussions with them was the
marked increase (as compared to
my previous trip in 1948) in anti-
Not uncommon in Europe are
painted signs on walls and pylons;
Apparently the Continentals ar-
1. The Marshall Plan Aid used
as a ruse to flood American con-
sumer goods (Coca Cola and Chew-
ing gum not excepted) into the
2. Unfair trade restrictions.
3. Atlantic Pact and NATO Or-
ganizations as encroachments upon
their national sovereignties and
drain upon their economies.
What amazes me most is they
do not fear an impending war as
much as they fear American for-
eign policies which, they claim,
"blind to facts."
Much stronger are the opinions
of foreign students in London.
These African, Asian and West In-
dian Negroes who' are literally
pouring into this country since
after the war are highly critical
of what they regard as "American
imperial designs, chauvinism and
arrogance." They believe that the
old empires, Britain, France, Hol-
land and Spain, are falling apart
but America is taking their place.
Some of the oft repeated questions
are, "What about the Rosenbergs?
Mcarthyism, and Paul Robeson's
It is my fervant hope that my
former colleagues at the Universi-
ty are not aiding McCarthyism,
but rather helping to preserve the
few remaining vestiges of academ-
ic freedoms in the U.S.
--L. V. Naidoo. (1953)
Dr. Lamont ..e .
DR. Corliss Lamont, Columbia
University lecturer in philos-
ophy, outspoken critic of guilt by
association, et cetra, like many
Academic Freedomeers believes
that the United States is in dead-
ly peril of losing its fine tradition
of civil rights.
Speaking before a meeting of a
Student Committee for Academic
Freedom (Dec. 3), he did a slightly
less than brilliant job of rebuking
the current trends which are
abridging our civil liberties. Re-
ferring specifically to Congression-
al investigating committees Dr.
Lamont asserted that "if the in-
quiries are continued as they have
been, the country will slide into
some form of fascism."
"Men are called guilty who have
done no more than belong to a
committee . . . Guilt is personal.
The fact that a man belongs to a
committee does not matter," he
added. Dr. Lamont knows of what
he speaks for if my memory does
not fail me, he speaks from first-
However, in the question and
answer period following his lec-
ture Dr. Lamont was challenged,
An impetuous freshman blandly
read from the May 15, 1953 issue
of "Counterattack" which quoted
Dr. Lamont as saying at a dinner
in 1934, "We will use violence if
necessary to reach the Socialist
goal . . . the capitalist class will
not allow demorcatic procedures."
Far from being at a loss for a re-
ply, Dr. Lamont categorically stat-
ed that he could not recall ever
having made such a statement. To
be sure, this was a smear and
nothing more-exactly the sort of
thing he attributed to the "abridg-
ers" of civil liberties and academ-
To repulse this flagrant attack
on his good name, Dr. Lamont, re-
sourceful champion of Academic
Freedom, insinuated in no un-
certain terms that the freshman
was affiliated with Senator Jen-
ner's notorious Internal Subcom-
mittee. The freshman, forgetting
his right to invoke the Fifth
Amendment, later flatly denied
Dr. Lamont's accusation.
Yes, Academic Freedomeers, this
unprovoked attack on Dr. Laimont
suggests the grave taskg you face
in combatting present investiga-
tory trends which circumscribe
civil liberties by smeer and in-
nuendo. You must raise your
voices in united protest against
the investigating committees, for
they are ,the very elements which
slander the eminence of such r
sourceful academicians as Dr. Cor-
WASHINGTON - Folks up in New Hampshire have been mystified
as to how a modestly paid chief of police of Hanover, N.H., popula-
tion 5,000, was able to go on an expensive junket to Europe recently-
all at government expense.
The answer is: "powerful friends in high places." They include:
Senator Bridges of New Hampshire, head of the Senate com-
mittee that appropriates money for government; Sherman Adams,
ex-Governor of New Hampshire and the most powerful man in
the White house next to Ike; Scott McLeod, also of New Hamp-
shire, the most powerful man in the State Department next to
When you have these men on your side, a $2,500, vacation in Eu-
rope at government expense is easy.
Officially other State Department officials say that Police Chief
Andrew Ferguson was sent to Europe to guard a courier who in turn
carried valuable papers.
Unofficially and privately, State Department officials admit that
Police Chief Ferguson was about as necessary as a smoky chimney.
The regular State Department courier was quite able to protect himself.
He had done so before in the past. He was not going to Iron Curtain
countries, but to such friendly countries as France and Germany. Fur-
thermore, if a guard has been necessary, regular State Department
personnel were available.
However, it was explained that Police Chief Ferguson initiated
the idea of going to Europe. And when such powerful friends as
assistant president Sherman Adams, Senator Bridges, and Scott
McLeod backed him up, the State Department yielded.
State Department officials said privately that Ferguson had done
past favors for Messrs. Adams, Bridges, and McLeod-they didn't
Cost of Ferguson's trip to the taxpayers was estimated as $2,500.
This doesn't include side trips he took to England and Scotland at
his own expense.
THE TREASURY DEPARTMENT has just dropped the AFL, CIO,
and Negro representatives from the Treasury Savings Bonds Di-
vision-which isn't making organized labor any happier.
It's the job of these organized labor representatives inside
the Treasury to persuade labor to by bonds through monthly pay
roll deductions and the big unions have helped sell about $156
million annually. A total of 8,000,000 employees have signed to buy
savings bonds by having a certain amount deducted from their
However, the Treasury has just dropped Lloyd Murdock, AF of L
savings bonds representative; W. A. Murphy, CIO representative; and
L. L. Foster, the Negro representative.
Actually, the three men were not fired. They wee dropped for
reasons of economy. The Treasury is also correct in arguing that the
sale of these savings bonds is expensive compared with the huge sums
bought up by the banks. However, labor leaders have taken pride in
the fact that 8,000,000 employees felt they had a stake in their govern-
ment to the extent of buying bonds. They are piqued at being left out
in the cold.
Remarked AFL chief George Meany to labor associates: "The pro-
gram is a good one and I'm sorry labor isn't wanted in it."
George Lynch, head of the pattern makers was less diplomatic:
"If the Eisenhower-Jenner-McCarthy-Velde axis wants noth-
ing further to do with organized labor," he wrote the Treasury,
"the pattern makers will observe it to the nth degree. Please
destroy the plates of the pattern makers."
Note-The plates he referred to are the mailing address plates of
union members to which the Treasury sent its savings bond letters.
THE DEADLINE is up today when the powerful National Security
Council must decide how much to cut national defense.
Two months ago the Security Council listened to Admiral
Arthur Radford, Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, argue for
keeping the conventional weapons system and old methods of war-
fare despite the new atomic age, and despite the terrific expense.
They were not impressed.
"Is this a preview of the 'new look'?" asked secretary of the Treas-
ury Humphrey, referring to the Joint Chiefs' long-overdue promise to
overhaul methods of defense.
"It represents a 'limited look," replied Radford, admitting that no
new strategy actually was involved.
But Defense Department Comtroller W. J. McNeil, who sat along-
side Radford at the secret session, estimated that his program would
cost about $43 billion. This raised Secretary Humphrey right out of
"Can't substantial sums be saved by strict economy in the
non-combat and support areas?" demanded the man who is faced
with the dilemma of reducing taxes and balancing the budget.
Finally it was agreed that the military would take a new look at
their proposed "new look" and report later. The deadline is up today.
Note-The Security Council meanwhile has viewed estimates of
Soviet military power, including the new Russian hydrogen apparatus,
and has come to the sobering conclusion that Russia is not far behind
us in the atomic-hydrogen race. This makes the defense budget prob-
lem all the more difficult.
TAX CHIEF Coleman Andrews has ordered all ta agents to drop
their investigations for two and a half months, beginning January
IDAILY OFFICIAL BULLETI N f
(Continued from Page 2) Hillel: Class in beginning Hebrew
-- 17:30 p.m.
hibit Hall, College of Architecture and
The Graduate history Club will meet
tonight at 8 p.m. in Clements Library.
Prof. Wilcox of the History Depart-
ment will speak on "Pursuing a Topic
Through Manuscripts" with special ref-
erence to his recent work with the
Clinton papers. Refreshments will be
served. Graduate students and faculty
are invited to attend.
Kindai Nihon Kenkyu Kal. Discussion
of Family Life in Japan and America.
8 p.m., West Conference Room, Rack-
ham Building. Refreshments. Christmas
party featuring Japanese records after
the meeting at the Old German Res-
taurant, 120 W. Washington. All inter-
Forum. Confusion, Chaos or Coopera-
tion-The Liberal Arts and Modern Ed-
ucational Practices. Professors Eggert-
sen, Ketcham, Ogden, and Thrall will
appear on a panel moderated by Pro-
fessor Milbolland under the sponsor-
ship of Phi Delta Kappa, professional
fraternity for men in education this
afternoonaat 3 p.m. in Auditorium B,
Mason Hall. All are cordially invited.
U. of M. Law School Student Bar As-
sociation presents a panel discussion on
the Opportunities in the Practice of
Law Today, this evening, 7:30 p.m.,
120 Hutchins Hall. The panel, compos-
ed of John Dykema, Richard Gushee,
Robert Straub, and James Crippen, will
discuss the opportunities for lawyers
in government service, a corporation,
private practice, and practice with a
large legal firm. All interested persons
are cordially invited.
The Deutscher Verein will have its
Christmas party tonight. Members
are to meet in the basement of
Tappan Hall by 7. After caroling, the
group will go to Ypsilanti for the party.
Those with cars are asked to drive. All
women who attend have been granted
12:30 permission. Pick up permission
slipsrat German office in Tappan Hall
before Tuesday at 5.
Museum Movie. "Giant of the North"
(Alaska in color), free movie shown
daily at 3 p.m. daily, including Sat. and
Sun. and at 12:30 Wed., 4th floor movie
alcove Museums Building, Dec. 15-22.
La Tertulia of the Sociedad Hispan-
ica will meet today at 3:30 p.m. in the
north wing of the Union cafeteria. Fac-
ulty members will be present. All mem-
bers are urged to attend.
The Congregational-Disciples Guild.
Teat at Guild House, 4:30-6:00 p.m.
Episcopal Student Foundation. Stu-
dent Breakfast following 7 a.m. ser-
vice of Holy Communion, Wed., Dec.
16, Canterbury House.
A Christmas Vespers Service will be
held tomorrow, Wed., Dec. 16, in the
Student Chapel of the First Presby-
terian Church. The service will begin
at 5:10. Everyone is invited to attend.
Sigma Alpha Eta is having a student-
staff Christmas party Wed., Dec. 16, At
7:30 in the Women's League. All mem-
bers and friends are invited to join
in the fun. You won't want to miss it.
Chess Club of the U. of M. meets
Wed., D". 1'6 at 7:30 p.m. in the Mich-
igan Union. All chess players welcome.
Roger Williams Guild. Weekly Tea
and Chat Wednesday afternoon, 4:30
SRA Cloth-a-Child Drive. There will
be a packing party Wed., Dec. 16, from
3 to 5 p.m., Lane Hall. All help needed.
A Caroling Party for all who attend-
ed Freshman the Rendezvous will be
held Wed., Dec. 16, 7:30 p.m. Lane Hall.
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